Sei sulla pagina 1di 4



1) Elabore un vocabulario como mínimo de 10 términos técnicos en

inglés, con su respectivo significado en español.


2) Elabore un resumen del texto utilizando los diferentes tipos de

Before exporting to a foreign country or even agreeing to sell to a
customer in a foreign country, a US company must know any foreign
law that may affect the sale.
Incorrect information about the foreign law may result in a ban on the
importation of the exporter's product, or it may mean that the customer
can not resell the product in the most profitable way that was expected.
Confirm the advice of your clients with third parties, including lawyers,
banks or government agencies, to trust that you correctly understand
the requirements of the foreign law. Some specific examples are the
• Industry standards
Foreign manufacturers and trade associations often enact industry
standards that are enacted as laws or that require compliance in order
to sell them successfully there. It may be necessary to identify such
standards even before the manufacture of the product that the
company intends to sell for export or modify the product before
One type of foreign security standard that is becoming important is the
"CE" mark required for the importation of certain products into the
European Community. Products that do not comply with these
directives are subject to the seizure and evaluation of fines. The
manufacturer must maintain a technical construction file to support the
declaration and must have an authorized representative located within
the European Community to respond to compliance actions. The ISO
9000 quality standards are increasingly important for European sales.

• Foreign customs laws.

The export destination countries can have absolute quotas on the
amount of products that can be imported. The import of products that
exceed the quota will be prohibited.
It is especially important to confirm that anti-dumping, countervailing or
other special customs duties are not imposed.
Some countries, such as Ethiopia, Belarus, Cambodia, Yugoslavia,
Kazakhstan, Lebanon, Liberia, Saudi Arabia and Ukraine, do not fully
adhere to the GATT Valuation Code and may impose fair market value
rights instead of the invoice price. . Another problem is the "assistant".
If the buyer will provide the seller, the importer of record (either the
supplier of items that are used in the production of goods, such as
tools, dies, molds, raw materials or engineering or development
services). that is, the buyer or the seller through an agent) may be
required to pay customs duties on such items, and the seller may be
required to identify such items on their business invoices

• Government contracting.
Sales to foreign governments, government agencies or private
companies partially owned by the government often involve specialized
procedures and documentation.
Commissions may be prohibited, or disclosure of commissions paid
may be required. Government purchases may qualify for exemptions
from customs duties, quotas or import licenses. Bartering or
compensation may be necessary.
• Buy American equivalent

Laws Foreign government agencies often enact regulations that are

designed to give preferential treatment to products supplied by
manufacturers in their own country.

• Exchange controls and import licenses.

Unlike the United States, many nations of the world have exchange
control systems designed to limit the amount of their currency that can
be used to buy foreign products. For a US exporter wishing to receive
a payment, it is extremely important to determine (1) whether there is a
change control system and whether an import license is necessary in
the foreign country, (2) what periods of time are necessary to obtain
those licenses, and (3) the conditions that must be met and the
documentation that must be provided so that the importer can obtain
said licenses.

• Value added tax.

Many countries impose a value-added tax on the production and
distribution stages. These taxes generally apply to imported goods, so
that the importer, in addition to paying customs duties, must pay a
value-added tax, usually on the customs value plus the duties.

• Specialized laws.
Foreign countries often enact specialized laws that prohibit the
importation of certain products, except in compliance with those laws.
3) Identifique y clasifique las frases en sus diferentes tipos.


Many countries impose a FRASE AFIRMATIVA
value-added tax in the stages
of production and distribution

The text is basically an informative text, which we clearly state the

processes to be performed for the import or export of a product, having
this clear we can say that it is an affirmative text, given practically
affirmative sentences.

4) Elabore un gráfico con el cual explique los diferentes ejemplos

de cumplimiento con las leyes extranjeras, utilizando las
preposiciones de lugar.

Compliance with foreign law

Compliance with foreign law

requirements of the
foreign law

Industry Government Exchange Specialized

standards contracting. controls and laws.

Foreign Exchange Value added

customs controls and tax.
laws. import