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Università

degli Studi di
Catania

Scuola di
Architettura
Siracusa

patronage

TOURISME ET
PATRIMOINE
Le territoire de 1 > 4.9.17
Roquebrune-Cap-Martin study tour
from Marseille
international workshop to Cap-Martin
promoted by international network
Designing Heritage Tourism Landscapes
organized by ENSA Paris-Malaquais
5 > 15.9.17
coordinated by Maria Salerno, ENSAPM, LIAT, and Mauro Marzo, Iuav workshop in
participating schools Università di Camerino, Università degli Studi Roquebrune-
di Catania, Universidade de Évora, Università degli Studi di Napoli
Federico II, École Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture Paris-Malaquais,
Cap-Martin
Università degli Studi di Parma, Università degli Studi Mediterranea di
Reggio Calabria, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Universidad de
Sevilla, Università Iuav di Venezia (network leader)

photo by Maria Salerno


Tourisme et Patrimoine
Le territoire de Roquebrune-Cap-Martin

École nationale supérieure d’architecture Paris-Malaquais, LIAT


Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, France
3rd international architecture workshop

01 > 04 September 2017: study tour from Marseille to Cap-Martin


05 > 15 September 2017: International Workshop

promoted by
Designing Heritage Tourism Landscapes
schools of architecture network

project coordinators
Maria Salerno, École nationale supérieure d’architecture Paris-Malaquais, LIAT
Mauro Marzo, Università Iuav di Venezia, Dipartimento di Culture del progetto

participating schools
Università di Camerino, Scuola di Ateneo di Architettura e Design “Edoardo Vittoria” Ascoli Pice-
no – Università degli Studi di Catania, Struttura didattica Speciale di Architettura, Sede di Sira-
cusa – Universidade de Évora, Departamento de Arquitectura – Università degli Studi di Napoli
Federico II – École Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture Paris-Malaquais – Università degli Studi
di Parma – Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Facultad de Arquitectura, Planeamiento y Diseño –
Università degli Studi Mediterranea di Reggio Calabria – Universidad de Sevilla, Esquela Técnica
Superior de Arquitectura – Università Iuav di Venezia (network leader)

scientific committee of the Designing Heritage Tourism Landscapes Network


Roberta Amirante, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II – Gustavo Carabajal, Universidad
Nacional de Rosario, Facultad de Arquitectura, Planeamiento y Diseño – Luigi Coccia, Università
di Camerino, Scuola di Ateneo di Architettura e Design “Edoardo Vittoria” Ascoli Piceno – Mauro
Marzo, Università Iuav di Venezia – João Rocha, Universidade de Évora, Departamento de Ar-
quitectura – Maria Salerno, École Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture Paris-Malaquais – Antonio
Tejedor Cabrera, Universidad de Sevilla, Esquela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura – Marina Tor-
natora, Università degli Studi Mediterranea di Reggio Calabria, Dipartimento dArTe

scientific committee in France for the 3rd international workshop of the network
Maria Salerno, ENSA Paris-Malaquais – Denis Berthelot, urban planner, association EG.EM.LC
– Orfina Fatigato, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II – Rafaël Magrou, ENSA Paris-Ma-
laquais – Mauro Marzo, Università Iuav di Venezia – Luca Merlini, ENSA Paris-Malaquais – Lucie
Morand, ENSA Paris-Malaquais

patronage
Mairie de Roquebrune-Cap-Martin – Association Eileen Gray-Etoile de Mer-Le Corbusier – Con-
servatoire du Littoral – CARF – Fondation Le Corbusier – Association Cap Moderne

professors
Roberta Amirante, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II – Renato Capozzi, Università degli
Studi di Napoli Federico II – Luigi Coccia, Università di Camerino, Scuola di Ateneo di Architet-
tura e Design “Edoardo Vittoria” Ascoli Piceno – Orfina Fatigato, Università degli Studi di Napoli
Federico II – Marco Ferrari, Università Iuav di Venezia – Ana Lina Klotzman, Universidad Nacional
de Rosario, Facultad de Arquitectura, Planeamiento y Diseño – Rafaël Magrou, École nationa-
le supérieure d’architecture Paris-Malaquais – Mauro Marzo, Università Iuav di Venezia – João
Matos, Universidade de Évora, Departamento de Arquitectura – Lucie Morand, École nationale
supérieure d’architecture Paris-Malaquais – Guillermo Pavón Torrejón, Universidad de Sevilla,
Esquela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura – Claudia Pirina, Università degli Studi di Parma – Ju-
lián Prieto Fernández, Universidad de Sevilla, Esquela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura – Maria
Salerno, École nationale supérieure d’architecture Paris-Malaquais – João Soares, Universidade
de Évora, Departamento de Arquitectura, CHAIA – Marina Tornatora, Università degli Studi Me-
diterranea di Reggio Calabria, Dipartimento dArTe – Federica Visconti, Università degli Studi di
Napoli Federico II

co-organizing team
Viola Bertini, Università Iuav di Venezia, Dipartimento di Culture del progetto

tutors
Michele Bagnato, Università degli Studi Mediterranea di Reggio Calabria – Viola Bertini, Uni-
versità Iuav di Venezia – Dijana Bukvic, Università di Camerino, Scuola di Ateneo di Architettura
e Design “Edoardo Vittoria” Ascoli Piceno – Claudia Chirianni, Università degli Studi di Napoli
Federico II – Sara Cipolletti, Università di Camerino, Scuola di Ateneo di Architettura e Design
“Edoardo Vittoria” Ascoli Piceno – Olga Izzo, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II – Mari-
na López Sánchez, Universidad de Sevilla, Esquela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura – Begoña
Prieto Galeano, Universidad de Sevilla, Esquela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura – Luca Salerno,
architect Paris-Milano – Francesca Talevi, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II

guest-experts
Marc Barani, architect, Grand Prix national de l’architecture 2013 – Tim Benton, Professor Eme-
ritus of Art History at the Open University – Patrick Cesari, mayor of Roquebrune Cap Martin
– Richard Ciocchetti, 1st deputy city planning RCM – Jean–Louis Dedieu, deputy culture RCM
– François Fouchier, delegate region PACA – Conservatoire du littoral – Jean Christophe Gay,
Professor at the University Nice-Côte d’Azur – Olivier Jonquet, mayor Office Director RCM – Yves
K’Ourio, director of Space Department and development, CARF – Luc Liogier, Director ENSA
Paris-Malaquais – Claire-Lise Mary head of Service – Conservatoire du littoral – Luca Merlini, Pro-
fessor ENSA Paris Malaquais – Soline Nivet, Associate Professor ENSA Paris Malaquais – Michel
Richard, director of the Fondation Le Corbusier – Jacques Sbriglio, architect urban planner

students
Jules Balmes – Ana Paula Benitez Coquet –Clement Bonnet – Desirée Borella – María del
Carmen Fernández Pérez – Maria Lorenza Crupi – Joseph De Metz – Macarena Díez Alon-
so – Filippo Dottor – Morgane Gernigon – Marica Giommarini – Alessandra Guglielmo – Zoe
Lefevre – Maria Laura Leonardi – Rafael Luque – Francesca Mottin – Manuel Muñoz Ávalos
– Matilde Nardi – Isabella Nylund – Hugo Pires – Ines Pradeau – Francisca Queiroz – Alejan-
dra Ríos Moguer – Francisco de la Rosa – Julián Rosenfeld – Anastassia Rouchy – Bendetta
Savina – Adrián Suárez Torres – Maisa Trindade – Bogdan Ursan – Andrea Ventura – France-
sca Viozzi – Zhaoying Zhu

workshop introduction
Three buildings, although small in size but considered to be icons of modern architecture, are lo-
cated on the territory of the Municipality of Roquebrune-Cap-Martin (Côte d’Azur): Villa E.1027 by
Eileen Gray & Jean Badovici, Le Corbusier Camping Units and its Cabanon. Linked by adjacent
plots and the history of their owners, these architectures perched on the coast are distant from
the old town, which is more than 220 meters above the Grande Corniche road.
The Conservatoire du Littoral has been the owner of these architectures since 2000, with the
financial support of the City of Roquebrune-Cap-Martin.
The association Eileen Gray - Etoile de mer Le Corbusier, founded by Robert Rebutato in 2000,
has campaigned for the protection of the site and particularly supported the restoration of Villa
E.1027, also thanks to the creation of the Cap Moderne Association, which manages the site and
welcomes visitors to the station of Roquebrune-Cap-Martin (district of Cabbé).
However, the opening of Villa E.1027 to the public in 2015 highlighted some issues concerning
the creation of sustainable tourism meanwhile promoting the cultural heritage which both require
various actors (the Municipality, the Region, The coastline Conservatory, cultural associations,
etc.). The balance between sustainable tourism and cultural heritage needs a more in-depth
reflection, questioning the future of the site and its integration into the main touristic networks
and roads, from the centre to the old town. In this sense, the workshop aims to explore throu-
ghout the project of architecture and landscape, the relationship between Tourism and Heritage in
a perspective of cultural and economic enhancement of the territory.

workshop programme
The city of Roquebrune Cap Martin is plural, especially concerning its history and its topography.
In fact, Roquebrune Cap Martin is composed by the ancient village of Roquebrune, which is per-
ched on the hills, and the city of Cap-Martin, which follows the hill crest that divides the city into
two coastal fronts: the bay of Cabbé, oriented towards the west and looking towards Monaco,
and Carnolès, whose limits stretch towards the east as far as Menton. Two train stations link the
city: Roquebrune-Cap-Martin station at the west of Cap Martin, and Carnolès station at the east.
These two sides of the territory offer the opportunity to rethink the polarities of the city, and to
articulate them throughout heritage components such as architecture, landscapes and botanicals
elements, among which there are: the E-1027 Villa by Eileen Gray & Jean Badovici, the camping
units and Cabanon by Le Corbusier, and the opportunity given by the old Air Base 943 site, close
to Carnolès station, which is now in the process of being transformed, and illustrates the typical
landscape characteristics of the Mediterranean microclimate.

workshop sites
site 1 > habiter la gare de Roquebrune-Cap-Martin: artistic units
The railway that links Monaco to Menton creates a physical limit between the coast and the
heights on which the old village is perched, at 220 meters above the sea-level, accessible only
by steep steps. Moreover, the Roquebrune-Cap-Martin train station is difficult to access by the
departmental road (medium corniche). To cross the railway, pedestrians can use an underground
passage, meanwhile cars get through a first bridge that links each side of the railway, and a se-
cond bridge that links the two car parking of the train station. Partially decommissioned, the train
station is composed of under-exploited buildings, except the main hall which was recently tran-
sformed into an exhibitions hall by the association Cap Moderne. Indeed, with the recent opening
of the E-1027 Villa, the station has acquired a special status since it serves a remarkable site that
combines sustainable tourism and valorisation of the cultural heritage. A temporary reception
hall and a shop have been set up to welcome the visitors of «Cap Moderne» site. Therefore, it is
important to reinforce and qualify the reception of passenger-tourists arriving at this station.

site 2 > habiter la gare de Carnolès: seasonal units


Carnolès railroads also create a relief distinctive boundary of the city. Indeed, the railroads follow
a slope and clearly separate the city into two sides, from the residential coast to the main city,
whose centrality is marked by the departmental road that crosses the city on the mid-coast road
and connects it to Monaco, Menton, and Italy on the opposite direction. A small market place
forms a diverticulum on this road. There are very few under-rail passages connecting the two par-
ts of the city of Carnolès. Moreover, there are no real public spaces, opened places or signifying
esplanades, underlining the lack of centrality but suggesting a polarity. It should be noted that
the town hall is located on the crest hill, overviewing the two bays. The existing station is made of
temporary shelters for travellers with no qualitative reception. In tangency to the railroads, the old
Air Base 943 site, which is in the process of being transformed, offers a real opportunity to take
advantage of some of its spaces to rethink the entire station, its centrality and its functionality,
both at the scale of the city and the territory of Roquebrune Cap-Martin.

the goal
site 1 > Habiter la Gare de Roquebrune-Cap-Martin: artistic units
The reactivation of the station building and its adjoining spaces, such as the hall and the parking
areas, offers the possibility of a new program related to the remarkable heritage of the area. This
process may involve the creation of experimental space for workshops and ateliers organized by
schools of architecture, design or art, renewing in a contemporary way the experimental spirit of
the site initiated by its pioneers E. Gray, J. Badovici and Le Corbusier.

site 2 > habiter la gare de Carnolès: seasonal units


It would be interesting to take advantage of the upgrading of the train stop to transform it into
a multimodal station, combining train, bus, car park, electric bicycles and facilitating the con-
nections and the circulation on the territory. Adjacent to the train station of Carnolès, the released
area of the old Air Base 943 offers the possibility of such urban space. Some of the BA943 buil-
dings can be demolished, in order to release more space for the multimodal pole. Some other bu-
ildings can be reused for educational programs related to design and landscape education. The
Botanical heritage must be considered, because some existing species are quite significant in
the BA943 area. Following the works of Ferdinand Bac which inspired the Mexican architect Luis
Barragan, the living heritage of the site must be enhanced as well as the attractive outside areas
and park for locals and tourists, in order to stimulate a dynamic interaction and learning spaces.
The released open area of the station can be used as experimental space by the students (or
guest artists) of the School of Landscape of the Mediterranean. A Hotel Management School can
be also planned on the site directly connected to tourism activities. In addition to this double edu-
cational program, a main residential program may be associated, such as student housing that in
summer can be possibly turned into tourist accommodation.
Connexion culturelle
students Carmen Fernandez, Zoé Lefèvre, Benedetta Savina,
Maisa Trindade, Andrea Ventura
Mind the Cap. Ecrire la lumière
students Jules Balmes, Macarena Diéz, Matilde Nardi, Isabella Nylund,
Julian Rosenfeld
Construire la topographie
students Filippo Dottor, Marica Giommarini, Rafael Luque, Manuel Muñoz,
Hugo Pires, Alejandra Rios, Zhaoying Zhu
Restanque City Project
students Desirée Borella, Joseph De Metz, Francesca Mottin,
Anastassia Rouchy, Adrian Suarez Torres, Francesca Viozzi
Crossing Promenade to the Horizon
students Clement Bonnet, Maria Lorenza Crupi, Alessandra Guglielmo,
Inès Pradeau, Francisca Queiroz
Inter Section
students Ana Paula Benitez Coquet, Francisco De La Rosa,
Morgane Gernigon, Maria Laura Leonardi, Bogdan Ursan