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LEARNING MODULE IN GRADE 7 MATHEMATICS

Week 10 – Real-Life Situations and Problems involving Real Numbers


This module will help you demonstrate understanding of real-life situations and problems involving real
numbers and will guide you to accomplish your task.
What is your task for this week?
In going through this module, you should be able to accomplish YOUR TASK found at the last part of this
module and present to your teacher during your on-site/online session.
What you should know?
You should learn how to:
1. Represent real-life situations which involve real numbers.
2. Solve problems involving real numbers.
For each day of the week, you should be able to understand the following:
Day 1 - Real-life Situation and Problems involving Real Numbers (Whole Numbers)
Day 2 - Real-life Situation and Problems involving Real Numbers (Fractions)
Day 3 - Real-life Situation and Problems involving Real Numbers (Decimals)
Day 4 - Real-life Situation and Problems involving Real Numbers (Integers: Positive and Negative)
Day 5 - on this day, you are expected to accomplish the task given to you
What you should do?
Enrich your understanding on real-life situations and problems involving real numbers by watching video
tutorials given by your teacher and by doing practice exercises for mastery of the learning competencies. If you
need clarification/s, you can ask assistance from your teacher through: Facebook, Messenger, e-mail, text
messaging and etc.

BEGIN HERE
REAL NUMBERS
All real numbers correspond to points on the number line and all points on the number line correspond to
real numbers. All real numbers except zero are either positive or negative.
Real numbers are extremely useful in everyday life. That is probably one of the main reasons we all
learn how to count and add and subtract from a very young age.
So what are typical examples of using real numbers in a normal day?
Real numbers help us to count and to measure out quantities of different items. So for instance when
you ask your partner how many slices of toast he or she wants for breakfast, you are using real numbers when
they reply with their answer.
In your working life, regardless of what you do for a living, you will still have to use numbers to a
degree. Certainly those working in accounts and other financial related jobs may use real numbers more often
but those working in retail, buying, catering and even publishing will have to use real numbers too. For
example, in catering you may have to ask the client how many sandwiches they need for the event or in
publishing you may need to tell an author how many pages you need their novel to be.
Even when relaxing at the end of the day in front of the television flicking from one channel to the next
you are using real numbers.
When ringing your friend for a catch up you will also be inputting real numbers into your phone to
give them a call.
There are some basic steps in solving mathematical problems that will help you to come up with the solution.
1. Identify – What is the question?
2. Plan – What strategy will I use to solve the problem?
3. Solve – Carry out your plan
4. Verify – Does my answer make sense?

EXAMPLE (Whole Number)


A car dealer sold a total of 35 cars in April and 3 less than that in May, but 7 more during the month of
June. How many cars did the dealer sell in three months?
Solution:
Steps:
1. Identify
** Total number of cars sold in three month by a car dealer.
2. Plan
** April (35) + May (35-3) + June (35+7) = number of sold cars
3. Solve
** Solution: (35) + (35-3) + (35+7) = N
35 + 32 + 42 = N
67 + 42 = N
109 = N
4. Verify
(35) + (35-3) + (35+7) = 109
35 + 32 + 42 = 109
67 + 42 = 109
109 = 109
** Therefore, there were 109 cars the dealer sold in three months

EXAMPLE (Fraction)
1 1
On a Saturday, Peter earned of a hundred pesos selling scraps of iron, of a hundred pesos
5 4
1
cleaning a neighbour’s yard, and of a hundred pesos selling newspaper. How much did he earn
2
that day?
Solution:
Steps:
1. Identify
** Peter’s earnings in selling junks on Saturday.
2. Plan
1 1 1
** + + = N
5 4 2
3. Solve
1 1
** Solution: ¿ + + ¿ x 100= N Note: Find the LCD
4 2
4 +5 10
(20 )
x 100= N
¿ ) x 100 = N
19 x 5 = N
95 = N
4. Verify
** Therefore, Peter’s earning on Saturday is 95 pesos.

EXAMPLE (Decimals)
A biscuit factory originally packaged 0.65 kg of crackers per box. To increase profitability, the
company reduced the weight by 0.035 kg. What is the new weight per box?
Solution:
Steps:
1. Identify
** The new weight of crackers per box.
2. Plan
** Original package weight (0.65 kg) – weight to be reduced (0.035 kg) = N
3. Solve
** Solution: (0.65 kg) – (0.035 kg) = N
0.615 kg = N
4. Verify
0.615 kg + 0.035 kg = 0.65 kg
0.65 kg = 0.65 kg
** Therefore, the new weight of the crackers per box is 0.615 kg.

EXAMPLE (Integers: POSITIVE)


A team won 5 points on the first half of the game and given again won 5 points on the first half.
Use a number line to find the total gain in the game.
Solution:
Steps:
1. Identify
** The team’s total gained points in the game
2. Plan With 0 as starting point, move five units to
** 5 points on the first half + 3 points on the second half = N the right (5) and another three units in the
same direction (3) will result in eight units
to the right of 0, (8). Thus, (5) + (3) = 8
3. Solve
** Solution: (5) + (3) = N
8=N

4. Verify
(5) + (3) = 8
8=8
** Therefore, the total gained points in the game is 8.
EXAMPLE (Integers: NEGATIVE)
In another game, the same team lost the first half by 7 points and lost the second half again by
3 points. Use the number line to find the team’s total loss in points.
Solution:
Steps:
1. Identify
** The team’s total loss points in the game
2. Plan
** (-7) points on the first half + (-3) points on the second half = N With 0 as starting point, move seven units to
3. Solve the left (-7) and another three units to the
left (-3), ending at ten units to the left of 0, (-
** Solution: (-7) + (-3) = N 10). Thus, (-7) + (-3) = -10
-10 = N
4. Verify
(-7) + (-3) = -10
-10 = -10
** Therefore, the total loss in points in the game is 10, represented by -10.

YOUR TASK
Fill in the required answers in the table. Use other extra paper for your answer.
GIVEN QUESTIONS YOUR ANSWERS
I. Answer the 1-3. Mr. Gonzales deposited 108 656
following pesos in his account in bank A, 98 042
problems. pesos in bank B and 231 335 pesos in
bank C. How much did he deposit in all?
4-6. A 20 L tank is to be filled with water
by repeatedly pouring from a can which
1
holds 2 L. how many pouring are
2
needed to fill the tank?
7-9. A serving of fish has 15.2 g of protein.
A serving of beef has 22.1 g of protein.
Estimate to the nearest whole gram, how
much more protein there is in the beef
than in the fish.
10-12. The temperature rose to 40˚C in
the early afternoon and dropped by 8˚C
in the late afternoon. What was the
temperature in the late afternoon?
13-15. While playing a game, Josie gained
6 points and then another 3 points. She
lost 4 points before gaining 5 points.
When she lost another 2 points, she
stopped playing. How many points did she
win/lose?
II. Your 1. What are the challenges or difficulties
reflections you met this module?
Share your
experiences in 2. How would you address the challenges
this module. or difficulties in your way?

Referred from: https://www.mathsisfun.com/numbers/real-numbers.html


High School Mathematics Revised Edition I: Elementary Algebra Textbook for First Year; pages 28-62
Prepared by: MATEO D. CLAROS