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Objective First 4th edition Wordlist

Part of
Unit Headword speech Phonetics Guideword
Unit 1 add to sth pv æd tuː PUT WITH

Unit 1 bargain n ˈbɑːgɪn PRICE

Unit 1 bracelet n ˈbreɪslət

Unit 1 casual adj ˈkæʒjuəl CLOTHING


EXAMINING
Unit 1 comparison n kəmˈpærɪsən DIFFERENCES
cut down sth or cut sth
Unit 1 down pv kʌt daʊn REDUCE
SHOW
Unit 1 distinguish v dɪˈstɪŋgwɪʃ DIFFERENCES

Unit 1 dominate v ˈdɒmɪneɪt BE IMPORTANT


Unit 1 dress up pv dres ʌp FORMAL

Unit 1 fit in with pv fɪt ɪn wɪð

Unit 1 genuine adj ˈdʒenjuɪn REAL

Unit 1 go ahead pv gəʊ əˈhed PERMISSION

Unit 1 go back pv gəʊ bæk


Unit 1 go for sth pv gəʊ fɔː CHOOSE
Unit 1 go on pv gəʊ ɒn HAPPEN

Unit 1 go out pv gəʊ aʊt LEAVE

Unit 1 go over sth pv gəʊ ˈəʊvə


Unit 1 go up pv gəʊ ʌp INCREASE

Unit 1 hood n hʊd HEAD


Unit 1 helmet n ˈhelmət HEAD

Unit 1 image n ˈɪmɪdʒ IDEA

Unit 1 keep up (with sb/sth) pv kiːp ʌp UNDERSTAND

Unit 1 label n ˈleɪbəl COMPANY

Unit 1 matter n ˈmætə SUBJECT


Unit 1 outfit n ˈaʊtfɪt CLOTHES
Unit 1 outrageous adj ˌaʊtˈreɪdʒəs

Unit 1 pull on sth or pull sth on pv pʊl ɒn CLOTHES


put together sth or put
Unit 1 sth together pv pʊt təˈgeðə JOIN PARTS
Unit 1 represent v ˌreprɪˈzent DESCRIBE
save up (sth) or save
Unit 1 (sth) up pv seɪv ʌp MONEY
Unit 1 slightly adv ˈslaɪtli

Unit 1 slip on sth or slip sth on pv slɪp ɒn


Unit 1 smart adj smɑːt STYLISH

Unit 1 stall n stɔːl SHOP


Unit 1 stand out pv stænd aʊt NOTICE

Unit 1 stuff n stʌf SUBSTANCE


Unit 1 stunning adj ˈstʌnɪŋ
Unit 1 stylish adj ˈstaɪlɪʃ

Unit 1 sweatshirt n ˈswetʃɜːt


take back sth or take sth
Unit 1 back pv teɪk bæk THING
take off sth or take sth
Unit 1 off pv teɪk ɒf REMOVE
Unit 2 accessible adj əkˈses.ə.bl̩

Unit 2 action n ˈækʃən ACTIVITY

Unit 2 appliance n əˈplaɪəns


COMPUTER
Unit 2 application/app n ˌæplɪˈkeɪʃən / æp PROGRAM

Unit 2 complex adj ˈkɒmpleks

Unit 2 control n kənˈtrəʊl POWER


Unit 2 demanding adj dɪˈmɑːndɪŋ

Unit 2 disappointed adj ˌdɪsəˈpɔɪntɪd

Unit 2 facility n fəˈsɪləti PART

Unit 2 favourable adj ˈfeɪvərəbl JUDGMENT


Unit 2 feature n ˈfiːtʃə PART
find out (sth) or find
Unit 2 (sth) out pv faɪnd aʊt
Unit 2 fortune n ˈfɔːtʃuːn MONEY
Unit 2 get through sth pv get θruː FINISH

Unit 2 goal n gəʊl AIM


Unit 2 Google™ v ˈguːgl
Unit 2 graphics n ˈgræfɪks

Unit 2 hopeless adj ˈhəʊpləs NOT ABLE

Unit 2 impressive adj ɪmˈpresɪv

Unit 2 intelligence n ɪnˈtelɪdʒəns ABILITY


Unit 2 meaningful adj ˈmiːnɪŋfəl USEFUL
Unit 2 messy adj ˈmesi UNTIDY

Unit 2 muddy adj ˈmʌdi

Unit 2 opponent n əˈpəʊnənt COMPETE

Unit 2 pace n peɪs SPEED


Unit 2 popularity n ˌpɒpjəˈlærəti
riːtʃ ə kən
Unit 2 reach a conclusion v ˈkluːʒən

Unit 2 review n rɪˈvjuː REPORT


Unit 2 solve v sɒlv

Unit 2 sophisticated adj səˈfɪstɪkeɪtɪd SYSTEM


Unit 2 soundtrack n ˈsaʊntræk

Unit 2 submit v səbˈmɪt DOCUMENT


Unit 2 tricky adj ˈtrɪki

turn on sth or turn sth


Unit 2 on pv tɜːn ɒn
Unit 2 unhelpful adj ʌnˈhelpfʊl NOT IMPROVE

Unit 2 version n ˈvɜːʃən FORM


Unit 2 violent adj ˈvaɪələnt ACTION

Unit 2 virtual adj ˈvɜːtʃuəl COMPUTER

Unit 2 yawn v jɔːn


Unit 3 airline n ˈeəlaɪn

Unit 3 approach n əˈprəʊtʃ


Unit 3 approach v əˈprəʊtʃ COME CLOSE
Unit 3 backpacker n ˈbækpækə

Unit 3 book (sb) into pv bʊk ˈɪn.tuː


Unit 3 cabin n ˈkæbɪn SHIP

Unit 3 campsite n ˈkæmpsaɪt

Unit 3 check in pv tʃek ɪn HOTEL


Unit 3 check out pv tʃek aʊt
Unit 3 cliff n klɪf
Unit 3 coast n kəʊst

Unit 3 crew n kruː SHIP/AIRCRAFT


Unit 3 destination n ˌdestɪˈneɪʃən

Unit 3 disturb v dɪˈstɜːb CHANGE

Unit 3 domestic adj dəˈmestɪk COUNTRY

Unit 3 evidence n ˈevɪdəns FACTS

Unit 3 expedition n ˌekspɪˈdɪʃən

Unit 3 ferry n ˈferi

Unit 3 fill in sth or fill sth in pv fɪl ɪn

Unit 3 forbid v fəˈbɪd


Unit 3 friendship n ˈfrenʃɪp

Unit 3 get away pv get əˈweɪ HOLIDAY

Unit 3 get in pv get ɪn VEHICLE ARRIVING


Unit 3 get rid of sth p get rɪd ɒv
Unit 3 ground n graʊnd

Unit 3 harbour n ˈhɑːbə

Unit 3 land v lænd ARRIVE

Unit 3 landing n ˈlændɪŋ ARRIVAL


Unit 3 set off pv set ɒf

Unit 3 stop over pv stɒp ˈəʊvə


Unit 3 take off pv teɪk ɒf AIRCRAFT

Unit 3 terminal n ˈtɜːmɪnəl TRANSPORT

Unit 3 travel agent n ˈtrævəl ˈeɪdʒənt

Unit 3 wildlife n ˈwaɪldlaɪf


Unit 3 yacht n jɒt
Unit 4 absence n ˈæbsəns NOT THERE

Unit 4 bad-tempered adj ˌbædˈtempəd

Unit 4 breed v briːd


Unit 4 breeze n briːz
Unit 4 conservation n ˌkɒnsəˈveɪʃən PROTECTION
Unit 4 conserve v kənˈsɜːv NOT HARM
cut down sth or cut sth
Unit 4 down pv kʌt daʊn REMOVE
Unit 4 destruction n dɪˈstrʌkʃən

Unit 4 endangered adj ɪnˈdeɪndʒəd

Unit 4 feather n ˈfeðə


frəm taɪm tə
Unit 4 from time to time p taɪm

Unit 4 fur n fɜː HAIR

Unit 4 global warming n ˈgləʊbəl ˈwɔːmɪŋ


Unit 4 in time p ɪn taɪm SUITABLE POINT
Unit 4 live up to pv lɪv ʌp tuː
look forward to
Unit 4 sth/doing sth pv lʊk ˈfɔːwəd tuː
Unit 4 one at a time p wʌn ət ə taɪm

Unit 4 parrot n ˈpærət


Unit 4 pass the time p pɑːs ðə taɪm
Unit 4 paw n pɔː

Unit 4 polar bear n ˈpəʊlə beə


Unit 4 pollute v pəˈluːt

Unit 4 souvenir n ˌsuːvənˈɪə

Unit 4 species n ˈspiːʃiːz


Unit 4 suffer v ˈsʌfə EXPERIENCE

Unit 4 support v səˈpɔːt PAY

Unit 4 tail n teɪl ANIMAL


Unit 4 times pr taɪmz
Unit 4 wild n waɪld
Unit 4 wing n wɪŋ CREATURE
Unit 5 absolutely adv ˌæbsəˈluːtli
Unit 5 anxious adj ˈæŋʃəs WORRIED
Unit 5 astonished adj əˈstɒnɪʃt

Unit 5 blow v bləʊ WIND

Unit 5 calm down pv kɑːm daʊn


Unit 5 come down pv kʌm daʊn FALL
Unit 5 content adj ˈkəntent
Unit 5 delighted adj dɪˈlaɪtɪd
Unit 5 draw up pv drɔː ʌp
Unit 5 end up pv end ʌp
Unit 5 extremely adv ɪkˈstriːmli
Unit 5 frightened adj ˈfraɪtənd
Unit 5 furious adj ˈfjʊəriəs ANGRY
Unit 5 grab v græb TAKE SUDDENLY
Unit 5 irritated adj ˈɪrɪteɪtɪd
Unit 5 petrified adj ˈpetrɪfaɪd
Unit 5 pour v pɔː RAIN
Unit 5 pull away pv pʊl əˈweɪ START MOVING

Unit 5 pull up pv pʊl ʌp

Unit 5 relieved adj rɪˈliːvd

Unit 5 satisfied adj ˈsætɪsfaɪd


skeəd / ˈwʌrid
Unit 5 scared/worried stiff adv stɪf

Unit 5 shake v ʃeɪk MOVE


Unit 5 shoot v ʃuːt FIRE BULLET
Unit 5 steady adj ˈstedi STILL
Unit 5 tense adj tens FEELING
Unit 5 terrified adj ˈterəfaɪd
Unit 5 totally adv ˈtəʊtəli

Unit 5 uneasy adj ʌnˈiːzi


Unit 6 appearance n əˈpɪərəns IN PUBLIC

Unit 6 argument n ˈɑːgjəmənt REASON

Unit 6 breakdown n ˈbreɪkdaʊn NOT WORKING


Unit 6 broadcast v ˈbrɔːdkɑːst
Unit 6 case n keɪs SITUATION
Unit 6 celebrity n səˈlebrəti
Unit 6 contest n ˈkɒntest
Unit 6 delicate adj ˈdelɪkət EASY TO DAMAGE

Unit 6 fame n feɪm

Unit 6 fluent adj ˈfluːənt ABILITY

Unit 6 gossip n ˈgɒsɪp CONVERSATION

Unit 6 headline n ˈhedlaɪn


Unit 6 inspiration n ˌɪn.spɪˈreɪ.ʃən
Unit 6 keep (sb/sth) away pv kiːp əˈweɪ
keep down sth or keep
Unit 6 sth down pv kiːp daʊn NO INCREASE

Unit 6 keep sb in pv kiːp ɪn

Unit 6 keep on (doing sth) pv kiːp ɒn


NOT CHANGE
Unit 6 keep to sth pv kiːp tuː PLANS

Unit 6 keep up (with sb/sth) pv kiːp ʌp SAME SPEED

Unit 6 keep up (with sb/sth) pv kiːp ʌp UNDERSTAND


Unit 6 living n ˈlɪvɪŋ
Unit 6 look up to sb pv lʊk ʌp tuː

Unit 6 lottery n ˈlɒtəri

Unit 6 the press p ðə pres

Unit 6 privacy n ˈprɪvəsi


ðiː prəʊz ænd
Unit 6 the pros and cons p kɒnz
Unit 6 regional adj ˈriːdʒənəl

Unit 6 scandal n ˈskændəl

Unit 6 sensation n senˈseɪʃən EXCITEMENT


Unit 6 talent n ˈtælənt

Unit 6 understandable adj ˌʌn.dəˈstæn.də.bl̩


Unit 7 can’t stand sb/sth pv kɑːnt stænd

Unit 7 cheer v tʃɪə

Unit 7 course n kɔːs SPORT


Unit 7 course n kɔːs LESSONS

Unit 7 court n kɔːt SPORT

Unit 7 do business (with sb) p duː ˈbɪznɪs


Unit 7 do damage p duː ˈdæmɪdʒ
Unit 7 do sb a favour p duː ə ˈfeɪvə HELP

Unit 7 do sth for a living p duː fər ə ˈlɪvɪŋ


Unit 7 do without (sb/sth) pv duː wɪˈðaʊt
Unit 7 extreme sport n ɪkˈstriːm spɔːt

Unit 7 fall apart pv fɔːl əˈpɑːt HAVE PROBLEMS


Unit 7 fall for sb pv fɔːl fɔː

Unit 7 fall out (with sb) pv fɔːl aʊt

Unit 7 fall through pv fɔːl θruː


Unit 7 field n ˈfiːld SPORT

Unit 7 fitness n ˈfɪtnəs HEALTHY


Unit 7 gym n dʒɪm BUILDING

Unit 7 gymnastics n dʒɪmˈnæstɪks


Unit 7 ice skate v aɪs skeɪt
Unit 7 lap n læp RACE

Unit 7 net n net OBJECT


SPORTS
Unit 7 penalty n ˈpenəlti ADVANTAGE
Unit 7 pitch n pɪtʃ SPORT

Unit 7 referee n ˌrefərˈiː

Unit 7 take a risk p teɪk ə rɪsk BAD POSSIBILITY

Unit 7 row v rəʊ


Unit 7 scary adj ˈskeəri
Unit 7 ski v skiː
Unit 7 spectator n spekˈteɪtə

Unit 7 squash n skwɒʃ

Unit 7 team n tiːm SPORT


Unit 7 track n træk RACE

Unit 8 affect v əˈfekt INFLUENCE

be accustomed to
Unit 8 sth/doing sth pv biː əˈkʌstəmd tuː
Unit 8 be friends with pv biː frendz wɪð
Unit 8 confident adj ˈkɒnfɪdənt ABILITY
Unit 8 critical adj ˈkrɪtɪkəl NOT PLEASED

Unit 8 disapprove v ˌdɪsəˈpruːv

Unit 8 get on (with sb) pv get ɒn


Unit 8 housework n ˈhaʊswɜːk
kiːp / breɪk ə
Unit 8 keep/break a promise p ˈprɒmɪs SAY CERTAINLY
Unit 8 keep a secret p kiːp ə ˈsiːkrət
Unit 8 keep sb awake p kiːp əˈweɪk
Unit 8 kid n kɪd CHILD
Unit 8 make a fortune p meɪk ə ˈfɔːtʃuːn
Unit 8 make friends (with sb) p meɪk frendz
Unit 8 mood n muːd FEELING
Unit 8 neighbourhood n ˈneɪbəhʊd

Unit 8 proud adj praʊd PLEASED


Unit 8 selfish adj ˈselfɪʃ
Unit 8 sensible adj ˈsensɪbl JUDGMENT

Unit 8 share v ʃeə AT SAME TIME


Unit 8 storey n ˈstɔːri
Unit 8 struggle v ˈstrʌgəl TRY
teɪst
Unit 8 taste good/bad/sweet v gʊd/bæd/swiːt FOOD/DRINK

Unit 9 admit v ədˈmɪt SOMETHING BAD

Unit 9 advertise v ˈædvətaɪz TRY TO SELL


Unit 9 brand n brænd PRODUCT
Unit 9 budget n ˈbʌdʒɪt AMOUNT
Unit 9 character n ˈkærəktə STORY
Unit 9 commercial n kəˈmɜːʃəl
Unit 9 deadline n ˈdedlaɪn

Unit 9 doubt v daʊt FEEL UNCERTAIN


Unit 9 dramatic adj drəˈmætɪk EXCITING
Unit 9 element n ˈelɪmənt PART
Unit 9 ending n ˈendɪŋ END
Unit 9 huge adj hjuːdʒ
Unit 9 location n ləʊˈkeɪ.ʃən
Unit 9 message n ˈmesɪdʒ IDEA

Unit 9 narrow adj ˈnærəʊ NOT WIDE


Unit 9 personality n ˌpɜːsənˈæləti FAMOUS
Unit 9 powerful adj ˈpaʊəfəl EFFECT
ORGANIZING
Unit 9 production n prəˈdʌkʃən FILM/PLAY
Unit 9 reckon v ˈrekən THINK

Unit 9 setting n ˈsetɪŋ PLACE


Unit 9 shallow adj ˈʃæləʊ NOT DEEP

Unit 9 stress v stres EMPHASIZE


Unit 9 view n vjuː OPINION

Unit 9 what's more p wɒt mɔː

Unit 10 access n ˈækses OPPORTUNITY


Unit 10 achievement n əˈtʃiːvmənt GOOD THING
Unit 10 at first p ət ˈfɜːst
Unit 10 at last p ət lɑːst
Unit 10 at least p ət liːst
Unit 10 at once p ət wʌns
Unit 10 at peace p ət piːs
Unit 10 at present p ət ˈprezənt
Unit 10 at rest p ət rest STOP
Unit 10 at the same time p ət ðə seɪm taɪm

Unit 10 at war p ət wɔː


Unit 10 commercial adj kəˈmɜːʃəl BUY/SELL
Unit 10 concept n ˈkɒnsept
Unit 10 decade n ˈdekeɪd

Unit 10 expedition n ˌekspɪˈdɪʃən


Unit 10 illegal adj ɪˈliːgəl
Unit 10 immoral adj ɪˈmɒrəl

Unit 10 impatient adj ɪmˈpeɪʃənt EASILY ANNOYED


Unit 10 inappropriate adj ˌɪnəˈprəʊpriət

Unit 10 inexperienced adj ˌɪnɪkˈspɪəriəntst

Unit 10 irregular adj ɪˈregjələ TIME

Unit 10 irresponsible adj ˌɪrɪˈspɒnsəbl


Unit 10 need n niːd
Unit 10 proposal n prəˈpəʊzəl PLAN
Unit 10 prove v pruːv
Unit 10 rocket n ˈrɒkɪt VEHICLE

Unit 10 scientific adj ˌsaɪənˈtɪfɪk


Unit 10 significant adj sɪgˈnɪfɪkənt
Unit 10 solution n səˈluːʃən ANSWER
Unit 10 space n speɪs OUTSIDE EARTH

Unit 10 sponsor v ˈspɒnsə

Unit 10 technology n tekˈnɒlədʒi

Unit 10 willingness adj ˈwɪlɪŋnes

Unit 11 aggressive adj əˈgresɪv ANGRY

Unit 11 blush v blʌʃ


Unit 11 bossy adj ˈbɒsi

Unit 11 characteristic n ˌkærəktəˈrɪstɪk


Unit 11 cheerful adj ˈtʃɪəfəl PERSON

Unit 11 competitive adj kəmˈpetɪtɪv PERSON


Unit 11 demanding adj dɪˈmɑːndɪŋ

Unit 11 discourage v dɪˈskʌrɪdʒ LESS CONFIDENT


Unit 11 identical adj aɪˈdentɪkəl
Unit 11 identity n aɪˈdentəti PERSON

Unit 11 impatient adj ɪmˈpeɪʃənt EASILY ANNOYED

Unit 11 jealous adj ˈdʒeləs LOVE

Unit 11 lazy adj ˈleɪzi WORK

Unit 11 loyal adj lɔɪəl


Unit 11 only child n ˈəʊnli tʃaɪld
Unit 11 optimistic adj ˌɒptɪˈmɪstɪk
Unit 11 resemble v rɪˈzembəl

Unit 11 similarity n ˌsɪmɪˈlærəti

Unit 11 stubborn adj ˈstʌbən


Unit 11 take account of p teɪk əˈkaʊnt ɒv

Unit 11 take after sb pv teɪk ˈɑːftə

Unit 11 take charge p teɪk tʃɑːdʒ

Unit 11 take for granted p teɪk fe ˈgrɑːntɪd

Unit 11 take off pv teɪk ɒf SUCCESSFUL


take out sth or take sth
Unit 11 out pv teɪk aʊt

Unit 11 take sb/sth seriously p teɪk ˈsɪəriəsli

Unit 11 take turns p teɪk tɜːnz

Unit 11 twin n twɪn


Unit 11 unpopular adj ʌnˈpɒpjələ
Unit 11 unreliable adj ˌʌnrɪˈlaɪəbəl
Unit 11 witty adj ˈwɪti

Unit 12 appliance n əˈplaɪəns


Unit 12 attic n ˈætɪk

Unit 12 cart n kɑːt SHOP


kʌm tuː ə kən
Unit 12 come to a conclusion p ˈkluːʒən
kʌm tuː ə dɪ
Unit 12 come to a decision p ˈsɪʒən

Unit 12 crockery n ˈkrɒkəri


Unit 12 crunchy adj ˈkrʌntʃi
Unit 12 cutlery n ˈkʌtləri

Unit 12 devise v dɪˈvaɪz

Unit 12 duplicate v ˈdjuːplɪkeɪt DO THE SAME


Unit 12 fall asleep p fɔːl əˈsliːp
Unit 12 fall ill p fɔːl ɪl

Unit 12 fall in love p fɔːl ɪn lʌv

Unit 12 fed up adj ˌfedˈʌp

Unit 12 fulfil p fʊlˈfɪl MAKE HAPPEN

Unit 12 groceries n (pl) ˈgrəʊsəriz

Unit 12 infection n ɪnˈfekʃən


Unit 12 inventor n ɪnˈventə

Unit 12 research v rɪˈsɜːtʃ

Unit 12 ritual n ˈrɪtjuəl


Unit 12 soggy adj ˈsɒgi
Unit 12 stale adj steɪl OLD

Unit 12 stick v stɪk JOIN


Unit 12 substance n ˈsʌbstəns MATERIAL

Unit 12 suspicion n səˈspɪʃən


Unit 12 talk sb into (doing) sth pv tɔːk ˈɪntuː

Unit 12 tell sb/sth apart pv tel əˈpɑːt


Unit 12 tell a lie p tel ə laɪ

Unit 12 tell a story p tel ə ˈstɔːri DESCRIPTION

Unit 12 transform v trænsˈfɔːm


Unit 13 accuse v əˈkjuːz

Unit 13 affect v əˈfekt CAUSE CHANGE


Unit 13 ambition n æmˈbɪʃən HOPE
apologise (UK) /
Unit 13 apologize v əˈpɒlədʒaɪz

Unit 13 claim v kleɪm SAY

Unit 13 deny v dɪˈnaɪ NOT TRUE


Unit 13 educate v ˈedʒʊkeɪt TEACH
Unit 13 educated adj ˈedʒʊkeɪtɪd
Unit 13 educational adj ˌedʒʊˈkeɪʃənəl
Unit 13 face up to pv feɪs ʌp tuː
Unit 13 feel v fiːl OPINION

Unit 13 insist v ɪnˈsɪst SAY

Unit 13 mention v ˈmenʃən

Unit 13 opportunity n ˌɒpəˈtjuːnəti CHANCE


Unit 13 performance n pəˈfɔːməns SUCCESS
Unit 13 position n pəˈzɪʃən JOB

Unit 13 progress n ˈprəʊgres DEVELOPMENT

Unit 13 promise v ˈprɒmɪs SAY

Unit 13 qualification n ˌkwɒlɪfɪˈkeɪʃən


Unit 13 refuse v rɪˈfjuːz

Unit 13 relevant adj ˈreləvənt

Unit 13 standard n ˈstændəd QUALITY


Unit 13 urge v ɜːdʒ

Unit 13 warn v wɔːn ADVISE

Unit 13 wish v wɪʃ WANT


Unit 14 adventurous adj ədˈventʃərəs NEW THINGS
Unit 14 above all p əˈbʌv ɔːl
Unit 14 all along p ɔːl əˈlɒŋ
Unit 14 all in all p ɔːl ɪn ɔːl
Unit 14 all of a sudden p ɔːl əv ə ˈsʌd.ən
Unit 14 at all p ˈæt.ɔːl

Unit 14 career n kəˈrɪə JOB

Unit 14 commitment n kəˈmɪtmənt LOYALTY


Unit 14 concerned adj kənˈsɜːnd WORRIED
Unit 14 dishonest adj dɪˈsɒnɪst
Unit 14 disorganised adj dɪˈsɔːgənaɪzd EVENT
Unit 14 dissatisfied adj dɪsˈsætɪsfaɪd

Unit 14 employer n ɪmˈplɔɪə

Unit 14 enthusiasm n ɪnˈθjuːziæzəm


Unit 14 enthusiastic adj ɪnˌθjuːziˈæstɪk

Unit 14 flexible adj ˈfleksɪbəl ABLE TO CHANGE


Unit 14 inexperienced adj ˌɪnɪkˈspɪəriəntst

Unit 14 irresponsible adj ˌɪrɪˈspɒnsəbl

Unit 14 redundant adj rɪˈdʌndənt NOT WORKING


Unit 14 responsibility n rɪˌspɒnsəˈbɪləti
Unit 14 responsible adj rɪˈspɒnsəbl JOB
REGULAR
Unit 14 routine n ruːˈtiːn ACTIVITY
Unit 14 secure adj sɪˈkjʊə SAFE
Unit 14 self-confident adj self ˈkɒnfɪdənt
Unit 14 support n səˈpɔːt HELP
Unit 14 uncertain adj ʌnˈsɜːtən SITUATION
ˌʌnɪmˈplɔɪmənt
Unit 14 unemployment benefit n ˈbenɪfɪt
Unit 14 unsuccessful adj ˌʌnsəkˈsesfəl
Unit 15 accessible adj əkˈses.ə.bl̩

Unit 15 bar n bɑː DRINKING

Unit 15 canal n kəˈnæl


Unit 15 clap n klæp
Unit 15 consist of sth pv kənˈsɪst ɒv

Unit 15 dam n dæm


Unit 15 economical adj ˌiːkəˈnɒmɪkəl

Unit 15 environment n ɪnˈvaɪrənmənt


ɪnˌvaɪərən
Unit 15 environmentally friendly adj ˈmentəli ˈfrendli
Unit 15 flash n flæʃ BRIGHT LIGHT

Unit 15 flood n flʌd WATER

Unit 15 fossil fuel n ˈfɒsəl ˈfjuːəl

Unit 15 household n ˈhaʊsəʊld


Unit 15 lake n leɪk
Unit 15 lightning n ˈlaɪtnɪŋ

Unit 15 litter n ˈlɪtə WASTE


Unit 15 pane n peɪn

Unit 15 pond n pɒnd


Unit 15 rapids n (pl) ˈræpɪdz

Unit 15 recycle v ˌriːˈsaɪkəl

Unit 15 reservoir n ˈrezəvwɑː

Unit 15 river n ˈrɪvə


Unit 15 route n ruːt ROADS

Unit 15 rubbish n ˈrʌbɪʃ WASTE

Unit 15 second-hand adj ˈsekənd hænd

Unit 15 slice n slaɪs

Unit 15 storm n stɔːm


Unit 15 stream n striːm
Unit 15 tackle v ˈtækəl DEAL WITH
Unit 15 traffic n ˈtræfɪk CARS ETC
Unit 15 vegetation n ˌvedʒɪˈteɪʃən

Unit 15 waterfall n ˈwɔːtəfɔːl


Unit 16 appealing adj əˈpiːlɪŋ
Unit 16 appetite n ˈæpɪtaɪt
Unit 16 bitter adj ˈbɪtə TASTE
Unit 16 canned adj kænd
Unit 16 consume v kənˈsjuːm EAT OR DRINK
Unit 16 consumer n kənˈsjuːmə EAT OR DRINK
Unit 16 dairy adj ˈdeəri

Unit 16 finding n ˈfaɪndɪŋ


Unit 16 fizzy adj ˈfɪzi

Unit 16 flat adj flæt WITHOUT GAS


Unit 16 flavour n ˈfleɪvə TASTE
Unit 16 grill v grɪl COOK

Unit 16 influence v ˈɪnfluəns


Unit 16 juicy adj ˈdʒuːsi FOOD

Unit 16 melt v melt BECOME LIQUID


Unit 16 mild adj maɪld WEAK

Unit 16 packaging n ˈpækɪdʒɪŋ


Unit 16 reject v ˈriːdʒekt NOT ACCEPT
Unit 16 rich adj rɪtʃ FOOD
Unit 16 ripe adj raɪp

Unit 16 rotten adj ˈrɒtən DECAYING

Unit 16 sense n sens NATURAL ABILITY


Unit 17 amount n əˈmaʊnt

Unit 17 challenge n ˈtʃælɪndʒ DIFFICULT

Unit 17 collector n kəˈlektə HOBBY

Unit 17 collection n kəˈlekʃən OBJECTS


Unit 17 condition n kənˈdɪʃən STATE
Unit 17 delightful adj dɪˈlaɪtfəl
Unit 17 elegant adj ˈelɪgənt
Unit 17 exceptional adj ɪkˈsepʃənəl GOOD

Unit 17 the former p ðə ˈfɔːmə

Unit 17 the latter n ðə ˈlætə

Unit 17 look after sb/sth pv lʊk ˈɑːftə

Unit 17 look at sth pv lʊk æt EXAMINE


Unit 17 look for sth/sb pv lʊk fɔː
Unit 17 look into sth pv lʊk ˈɪntuː
Unit 17 the look of p ðiː lʊk əv
Unit 17 Look out! p lʊk aʊt
Unit 17 massive adj ˈmæsɪv
Unit 17 memory n ˈmeməri ABILITY

Unit 17 obsession n əbˈseʃən

Unit 17 passion (for sth) n ˈpæʃən

Unit 17 remarkable adj rɪˈmɑːkəbl


Unit 17 scale n skeɪl SIZE
Unit 17 substantial adj səbˈstænʃəl AMOUNT
Unit 17 technique n tekˈniːk
Unit 17 vast adj vɑːst

Unit 18 alternative n ɒlˈtɜː.nə.tɪv

Unit 18 biography n baɪˈɒgrəfi

Unit 18 calm sb/sth down pv kɑːm daʊn

Unit 18 come across sth pv kʌm əˈkrɒs


BECOME
Unit 18 come out pv kʌm aʊt AVAILABLE
Unit 18 come up with sth pv kʌm ʌp wɪð
Unit 18 cope v kəʊp

Unit 18 documentary n ˌdɒk.jʊˈmen.tər.i

Unit 18 doubtful adj ˈdaʊt.fəl NOT CERTAIN


ACHIEVING
Unit 18 effective adj ɪˈfektɪv RESULT

Unit 18 extract n ˈekstrækt WRITING


Unit 18 form n fɔːm TYPE
Unit 18 go ahead pv gəʊ əˈhed START
Unit 18 go by pv gəʊ baɪ TIME

Unit 18 go off sb/sth pv gəʊ ɒf


Unit 18 go through pv gəʊ θruː
Unit 18 go up pv gəʊ ʌp INCREASE
Unit 18 irritated adj ˈɪr.ɪ.teɪ.tɪd

Unit 18 nod v nɒd

Unit 18 relieved adj rɪˈliːvd

Unit 18 science fiction n saɪəns ˈfɪkʃən


Unit 18 strength n streŋθ STRONG
Unit 18 technological adj ˌteknəˈlɒdʒɪkəl

Unit 18 threat n θret DAMAGE

Unit 18 thriller n ˈθrɪlə


Unit 18 visual adj ˈvɪʒuəl
Unit 19 ankle n ˈæŋkəl

Unit 19 bandage n ˈbændɪdʒ

Unit 19 break v breɪk NOT WORK


Unit 19 break n breɪk

Unit 19 break down pv breɪk daʊn


Unit 19 bug n bʌg ILLNESS

Unit 19 burn v bɜːn DAMAGE

Unit 19 chest n tʃest BODY


Unit 19 cough medicine n kɒf ˈmedisən

Unit 19 Elastoplast ™ n ɪˈlæstəplæst


Unit 19 elbow n ˈelbəʊ
PHYSICAL
Unit 19 exercise n ˈeksəsaɪz ACTIVITY

Unit 19 exercise v ˈeksəsaɪz BODY


Unit 19 eyebrow n ˈaɪbraʊ

Unit 19 faint v feɪnt

Unit 19 graze v greɪz INJURE


Unit 19 hurt v hɜːt BE PAINFUL

Unit 19 jaw n dʒɔː


Unit 19 knee n niː LEG
Unit 19 needle n ˈniːdl MEDICAL
Unit 19 on average p ɒn ˈævərɪdʒ

Unit 19 on balance p ɒn ˈbæləns


Unit 19 on behalf of p ɒn bɪˈhɑːf ɒv
Unit 19 on condition that p ɒn kənˈdɪʃən ðət

Unit 19 on duty p ɒn ˈdjuːti


Unit 19 on offer p ɒn ˈɒfə
Unit 19 on purpose p ɒn ˈpɜːpəs

Unit 19 plaster n ˈplɑːstə FOR CUTS

Unit 19 scar n skɑː BODY


Unit 19 spot n spɒt SKIN

Unit 19 sprain v spreɪn

Unit 19 sting v stɪŋ CAUSE PAIN

Unit 19 stitch n stɪtʃ

Unit 19 surgery n ˈsɜːdʒəri TREATMENT

Unit 19 sweat n swet

Unit 19 symptom n ˈsɪmptəm ILLNESS


Unit 19 thigh n θaɪ

Unit 19 waist n weɪst BODY

Unit 19 ward n wɔːd

Unit 19 wrist n rɪst


Unit 20 accuse v əˈkjuːz

Unit 20 arrest v əˈrest

Unit 20 burglar n ˈbɜːglə

Unit 20 cell n sel ROOM

Unit 20 charge v tʃɑːdʒ ACCUSE

Unit 20 commit a crime p kəˈmɪt ə krɑim CRIME

Unit 20 court n kɔːt LAW


Unit 20 criminal n ˈkrɪmɪnəl
Unit 20 detective n dɪˈtektɪv

Unit 20 DNA n ˌdiːenˈeɪ

Unit 20 evidence n ˈevɪdəns LAW

Unit 20 fine v faɪn

Unit 20 fine n faɪn

Unit 20 fingerprint n ˈfɪŋgəprɪnt


Unit 20 forensic adj fəˈrensɪk
Unit 20 guilty adj ˈgɪlti LAW
Unit 20 illegal adj ɪˈliːgəl
Unit 20 innocent adj ˈɪnəsənt NOT GUILTY

Unit 20 jury n ˈdʒʊəri LAW

Unit 20 kidnap v ˈkɪdnæp


Unit 20 offence n əˈfens CRIME

Unit 20 penalty n ˈpenəlti PUNISHMENT


Unit 20 pickpocket n ˈpɪkˌpɒkɪt

Unit 20 proof n pruːf


Unit 20 punishment n ˈpʌnɪʃmənt
Unit 20 robbery n ˈrɒbəri

Unit 20 sentence v ˈsentəns

Unit 20 shoplift v ˈʃɒplɪft

Unit 20 steal v stiːl


Unit 20 suspect n ˈsʌspekt

Unit 20 suspicious adj səˈspɪʃəs WRONG/BAD


Unit 20 take sb to court p teɪk tuː kɔːt
Unit 20 thief n θiːf
Unit 20 trace v treɪs

Unit 20 trial n traɪəl LAW


Unit 21 absence n ˈæbsəns NOT EXIST
Unit 21 architecture n ˈɑːkɪtektʃə STYLE
Unit 21 collection n kəˈlekʃən TAKING AWAY
Unit 21 community n kəˈmjuːnəti AREA
Unit 21 consumer n kənˈsjuːmə

Unit 21 cut n kʌt

Unit 21 environmental adj ɪnˌvaɪrənˈmentəl


Unit 21 lack n læk
Unit 21 level n ˈlevəl AMOUNT
Unit 21 lifestyle n ˈlaɪfstaɪl

Unit 21 lighting n ˈlaɪtɪŋ

Unit 21 maintenance n ˈmeɪntənəns WORK


Unit 21 mall n mɔːl
Unit 21 neighbourhood n ˈneɪbəhʊd

Unit 21 pollution n pəˈluːʃən


Unit 21 property n ˈprɒpəti BUILDING

Unit 21 regulation n ˌregjəˈleɪʃən RULE


Unit 21 renew v rɪˈnjuː MAKE NEW
Unit 21 renewal n rɪˈnjuːəl
Unit 21 requirement n rɪˈkwaɪəmənt
Unit 21 resident n ˈrezɪdənt PERSON
Unit 21 shortage n ˈʃɔːtɪdʒ

Unit 21 suburb n ˈsʌbɜːb


Unit 21 suburban adj səˈbɜːbən
Unit 21 system n ˈsɪstəm METHOD

Unit 21 traffic jam n ˈtræfɪk dʒæm


Unit 21 urban adj ˈɜːbən

Unit 22 audience n ˈɔːdiəns GROUP


Unit 22 choir n kwaɪə
Unit 22 composer n kəmˈpəʊzə
Unit 22 composition n ˌkɒmpəˈzɪʃən MUSIC

Unit 22 conductor n kənˈdʌktə MUSIC

Unit 22 festival n ˈfestɪvəl PERFORMANCE


Unit 22 gig n gɪg

Unit 22 impression n ɪmˈpreʃən EFFECT

Unit 22 memorable adj ˈmem.ər.ə.bl̩

Unit 22 musician n mjuːˈzɪʃən

Unit 22 orchestra n ˈɔːkɪstrə MUSIC


Unit 22 orchestral adj ɔːˈkestrəl

Unit 22 organiser (UK)/organizer n ˈɔːgənaɪzə


Unit 22 participate v pɑːˈtɪsɪpeɪt
WORKING
Unit 22 partnership n ˈpɑːtnəʃɪp TOGETHER
Unit 22 perform v pəˈfɔːm ENTERTAIN

Unit 22 performer n pəˈfɔːmə

Unit 22 rehearsal n rɪˈhɜːsəl


Unit 22 solo n ˈsəʊləʊ
specialise
Unit 22 (UK)/specialize v ˈspeʃəlaɪz

Unit 22 venue n ˈvenjuː


Unit 22 unique adj juːˈniːk SPECIAL

Unit 23 ash n æʃ POWDER


break off (sth) or break
Unit 23 (sth) off pv breɪk ɒf

Unit 23 call off sth or call sth off pv kɔːl ɒf


Unit 23 crack n kræk LINE
cut sb/sth off or cut off
Unit 23 sb/sth pv kʌt ɒf
Unit 23 damage v ˈdæmɪdʒ
Unit 23 damp adj dæmp

Unit 23 drought n draʊt

Unit 23 earthquake n ˈɜːθkweɪk

Unit 23 eruption n ɪˈrʌpʃən

Unit 23 gas n gæs SUBSTANCE


Unit 23 humid adj ˈhjuːmɪd
Unit 23 hurricane n ˈhʌrɪkən
Unit 23 injure v ˈɪndʒə
Unit 23 invaluable adj ɪnˈvæl.jʊ.bl̩

Unit 23 let off sb or let sb off pv let ɒf

Unit 23 log off pv lɒg ɒf


Unit 23 peak n piːk MOUNTAIN TOP

Unit 23 planet n ˈplænɪt

Unit 23 preserve v prɪˈzɜːv KEEP THE SAME


Unit 23 priceless adj ˈpraɪsləs IMPORTANT
send off sth or send sth
Unit 23 off pv send ɒf
Unit 23 sensitive adj ˈsensɪtɪv EASILY UPSET
Unit 23 shake v ʃeɪk MOVE

Unit 23 tell off sb or tell sb off pv tel ɒf

Unit 23 thunder n ˈθʌndə

Unit 23 tremble v ˈtrembl

Unit 23 undo v ʌnˈduː OPEN


Unit 23 unfasten v ʌnˈfɑːsən

Unit 23 untie v ʌnˈtaɪ

Unit 23 unwrap v ʌnˈræp

Unit 23 volcano n vɒlˈkeɪnəʊ


Unit 23 weather forecast n ˈweðə ˈfɔːkɑːst

Unit 23 wear off pv weə ɒf

Unit 24 apology n əˈpɒlədʒi

Unit 24 apparently adv əˈpærəntli OTHERS SAY

Unit 24 cashpoint n ˈkæʃpɔɪnt

Unit 24 catch up on sth pv kætʃ ʌp ɒn


Unit 24 comedian n kəˈmiːdiən

Unit 24 comedy n ˈkɒmədi


NOT
Unit 24 complaint n kəmˈpleɪnt SATISFACTORY

Unit 24 disguise n dɪsˈgaɪz

Unit 24 disguise v dɪsˈgaɪz


Unit 24 earnings n ˈɜːnɪŋz
Unit 24 estimate v ˈestɪmeɪt

Unit 24 get sth over with pv get ˈəʊvə wɪð

Unit 24 hang around (with sb) pv hæŋ əˈraʊnd

Unit 24 humour n ˈhjuːmə ABILITY

Unit 24 ignore v ɪgˈnɔː

hæv ə bæd/gʊd
have a bad/ good
Unit 24 influence on p ˈɪn.flu.əns ɒn PERSON/THING
Unit 24 key in sth or key sth in pv kiː ɪn
keep up sth or keep sth
Unit 24 up pv kiːp ʌp
ˈlænd.lɔːd /
Unit 24 landlord/ landlady n ˈlændˌleɪ.di
look up sth or look sth
Unit 24 up pv lʊk ʌp
Unit 24 make for pv meɪk fɔː

Unit 24 make sth/sb out pv meɪk aʊt

Unit 24 make up for sth pv meɪk ʌp fɔː


pick up sth or pick sth
Unit 24 up pv pɪk ʌp

Unit 24 put off sb or put sb off pv pʊt ɒf

Unit 24 put out sth or put sth out pv pʊt aʊt STOP BURNING

Unit 24 put up a fight pv pʊt ʌp ə faɪt

Unit 24 put up with sb/sth pv pʊt ʌp wɪð

Unit 24 rule n ruːl INSTRUCTION

Unit 24 star v stɑː

Unit 24 start out pv stɑːt aʊt


take off sth or take sth
Unit 24 off pv teɪk ɒf NOT WORK

Unit 24 treatment n ˈtriːtmənt MEDICAL


Unit 24 weird adj wɪəd
Unit 24 work on sth pv wɜːk ɒn
work out sth or work sth
Unit 24 out pv wɜːk aʊt PROBLEM
Definition Translation Comments
to put something with something else añadir
something that is sold for less than its usual price or its
real value ganga

a piece of jewellery that you wear around your wrist pulsera


Casual clothing is comfortable and not suitable for
formal occasions. informal (ropa)

when two or more people or things are compared comparación


to eat or drink less of something, or to reduce the
amount or number of something reducir
to make one person or thing seem different from
another distinguir
to be the largest, most important, or most noticeable
part of something dominar
to put on formal clothes for a special occasion vestirse de gala
If one thing fits in with another thing, they look
pleasant together or are suitable for each other. pegar, encajar, armonizar

If something is genuine, it is really what it seems to be. genuino


something that you say to someone to give them
permission to do something dar luz verde
to return to a place where you were or where you have
been before volver
to choose something escoger
to happen ocurrir
to leave a room or building, especially in order to do
something for entertainment salir, marchar
to talk or think about something in order to explain it
or make certain that it is correct repasar
to become higher in level subir
a part of a coat or jacket that covers your head and
neck capucha
a hard hat that protects your head casco
a picture in your mind or an idea of how someone or
something is imagen
to be able to understand or deal with something that is
happening or changing very fast seguir, comprender

a company which produces goods for sale, the goods


themselves, or the company's name or symbol marca
a subject or situation that you need to think about,
discuss, or deal with tema, cuestión
a set of clothes for a particular event or activity conjunto
shocking or extreme chocante, extremo

to put on clothes quickly vestirse rápidamente


to create something by joining or combining different
things combinar
to show or describe something or someone representar
to keep money so that you can buy something with it in
the future ahorrar
a little ligeramente
ponerse rápido algo de
to quickly put on a piece of clothing ropa
having a clean, tidy and stylish appearance elegante
a small shop with an open front or a table from which puesto (de un mercado p
goods are sold ej)
to be very easy to see or notice distinguirse, destacar
(informal) used to refer to a substance or a group of
things or ideas, etc. without saying exactly what they
are cosas
very beautiful precioso
fashionable and attractive estiloso

a piece of clothing made of soft cotton which covers the


top of your body and is pulled on over your head jersey de algodón
to return something to the place you borrowed or
bought it from devolver (algo comprado)

to remove something quitar


easy to understand accesible
things which are happening, especially exciting or
important things acción
a device, machine or piece of equipment, especially an
electrical one that is used in the house, such as a
cooker or washing machine electrodoméstico
a computer program designed for a particular purpose
(informal) aplicación/app
difficult to understand or find an answer to because of
having many different parts complejo
the power to make a person, organization, or object do
what you want control, autoridad
needing a lot of your time, attention, or effort exigente
unhappy because someone or something was not as
good as you hoped or expected, or because something
did not happen decepcionado
a part of a system or machine which makes it possible
to do something mecanismo
showing that you like or approve of someone or
something, or making you like or approve of them favorable
a typical quality, or important part of something característica
to get information about something, or to learn a fact
for the first time descubrir
a lot of money fortuna
to use up or finish something terminar, acabar

something you want to do successfully in the future objetivo


to search for something on the Internet using the
Google search engine (= computer program that finds
information) buscar en google
images shown on a computer screen gráficos
incapaz, muy malo en
very bad at a particular activity algo
Someone or something that is impressive makes you
admire and respect them. impresionante

the ability to learn, understand, and think about things inteligencia


useful, serious, or important significativo
untidy or dirty sucio, desordenado
covered by or containing mud (=mixture of soil and
water) embarrado
someone who you compete against in a game or
competition oponente
the speed at which someone or something moves or
does something ritmo
the quality of being liked by many people popularidad
concluir, llegar a una
to make a decision/agreement, etc. about something conclusión
a report in a newspaper, magazine, or programme that
gives an opinion about a new book, film, etc. reseña
to find the answer to something resolver
A sophisticated machine or system is very advanced
and works in a clever way. sofisticado
the music used in a film banda sonora
to send a document, plan, etc. to someone so that they enviar, presentar (un
can consider it documento, un plan…)
difficult to deal with or do delicado, difícil
to move the switch on a machine, light, etc so that it
starts working, or to start the supply of water,
electricity, etc. encender
not improving a situation que no ayuda
one form of something that is slightly different to other
forms of the same thing versión
involving violence violento
using computer images and sounds that make you
think an imagined situation is real virtual
to take a deep breath with your mouth wide open,
because you are tired or bored bostezar
a company that provides regular flights to places compañía aérea
when something or someone gets nearer in distance or
time acercamiento
to come close in distance or time acercarse
a person who travels with a backpack mochilero
reservar una habitación
to arrange for someone to stay at a hotel de hotel para alguien
a small room to sleep in on a ship cabaña

an area where people can stay in tents for a holiday camping


to go to the desk at a hotel in order to say that you have
arrived, and to get the key to your room presentarse en recepción
dejar la habitación de
to leave a hotel after paying your bill hotel y pagar la cuenta
an area of high, steep rocks beside the sea acantilado
the land beside the sea costa
the people who work together on a ship, aircraft, or
train tripulación
the place where someone or something is going destino
to change something by touching it or moving it from
its original position cambiar de sitio, molestar
nacional, doméstico (por
inside one country and not international ej un vuelo)
something that makes you believe that something is
true or exists prueba, evidencia
an organized journey, especially a long one for a
particular purpose expedición
a boat that regularly carries passengers and vehicles
across an area of water ferry
to write the necessary information on an official rellenar (un formulario por
document ej)
to order someone not to do something, or to say that
something must not happen prohibir
when two people are friends amistad
to go somewhere to have a holiday, especially because
you need to rest ir de vacaciones
If a train or other vehicle gets in at a particular time,
that is when it arrives. llegar (un tren por ej)
to remove or throw away something unwanted desembarazarse de algo
the surface of the Earth tierra
an area of water near the coast where ships are kept
and are safe from the sea puerto
If an aircraft lands, it arrives on the ground after a
journey, and if you land it, you make it arrive on the
ground. aterrizar

an arrival on the ground, usually of an aircraft or boat aterrizaje


to start a journey salir de viaje

to stay at a place for one night or a few nights on the


way to somewhere else or before returning home hacer escala
If an aircraft takes off, it begins to fly. despegar (un avión)
a building where you can get onto an aircraft, bus, or
ship terminal
someone whose job is making travel arrangements for
people agente de viajes
animals, birds, and plants living in their natural
environment fauna y flora
a large boat with sails used for pleasure or in races yate
a time when you are not in a particular place ausencia

a bad-tempered person gets angry or annoyed easily con mal carácter


to keep animals for the purpose of producing young
animals in a controlled way criar
a gentle wind brisa
conservación (de la
the protection of nature naturaleza)
to prevent harm or damage to animals or places proteger
to make a tree or other plant fall to the ground by
cutting it near the bottom cortar
when something is destroyed destrucción
endangered birds/plants/species are animals or plants
which may soon not exist because there are very few
now alive en peligro de extinción
one of the soft, light things that grow from and cover a
bird's skin pluma

sometimes, but not often de vez en cuando


the thick hair that covers the bodies of some animals
like cats and rabbits pelo, pelaje
when the air around the world becomes warmer
because of pollution calentamiento global
early enough a tiempo
to be as good as someone hopes estar a la altura de
to feel happy and excited about something that is going estar deseando
to happen algo/hacer algo
separately por separado

a tropical bird with a curved beak and colourful


feathers that can be taught to copy what people say loro
to spend time doing something pasar el tiempo
the foot of certain animals, such as cats and dogs pata, pezuña
a large, white bear that lives in the North Pole (=most
northern part of the Earth) oso polar
to make water, air, soil, etc. dirty or harmful contaminar
something which you buy or keep to remember a
special event or holiday suvenir, recuerdo
a group of plants or animals which share similar
characteristics especie
to experience something bad sufrir
to look after someone by paying for their food, clothes,
etc. financiar, mantener
the long, narrow part that sticks out at the back of an
animal's body cola
multiplied by multiplicado por
in the wild' means in a natural environment en la naturaleza
one of the two parts that a bird or insect uses to fly ala
completely absolutamente
worried and nervous ansioso
very surprised muy sorprendido

If the wind blows, it moves and makes currents of air. soplar


to stop feeling upset, angry, or excited, or to make
someone stop feeling this way calmarse
to fall and land on the ground caer
happy or satisfied contento
very pleased encantado
If a vehicle draws up, it arrives somewhere and stops. pararse
to finally be in a particular place or situation acabar
very, or much more than usual extremadamente
afraid or nervous asustado
extremely angry furioso
to take hold of something or someone suddenly agarrar
annoyed enfadado
extremely frightened muerto de miedo
to rain, producing a lot of water llover con fuerza
If a vehicle pulls away, it starts moving. arrancar (un vehículo)

If a vehicle pulls up, it stops, often for a short time. parar (un vehículo)
feeling happy because something unpleasant did not
happen or you are not worried about something any
more aliviado
pleased because you have got what you wanted, or
because something has happened in the way that you
wanted satisfecho
estar muerto de
very frightened or worried miedo/preocupación
If you are shaking, your body makes quick short
movements, or you feel as if it is doing so, because you
are frightened or nervous temblar
to fire a bullet from a gun disparar
still and not shaking estable, firme
nervous, worried, and not able to relax tenso
very frightened aterrorizado
completely totalmente
worried because you think something bad might
happen inquieto
an occasion when someone appears in public aparición
a reason or reasons why you support or oppose an
idea, action, etc. razón
when a vehicle or machine stops working for a period
of time avería
to send out a programme on television or radio difusión
a particular situation or example of something caso
a famous person famoso
a competition or election concurso
easy to damage or break delicado, frágil
when you are known by many people because of your
achievements, skills, etc. fama
able to use a language naturally without stopping or
making mistakes que habla con fluidez
conversation or reports about other people's private
lives that might or might not be true cotilleo
a line of words printed in large letters as the title of a
story in a newspaper, or the main points of the news
that are broadcast on television or radio titular
an example which people admire inspiración
to not go somewhere or near something, or to prevent mantener a alguien o algo
someone from going somewhere or near something alejado
to stop the number, level, or size of something from
increasing limitar
to make a child stay inside as a punishment, or to retener (en casa / en
make someone stay in hospital hospital)
to continue to do something, or to do something again
and again continuar, seguir

to do what you have promised or planned to do mantener los planes

to move at the same speed as someone or something


that is moving forward so that you stay level with them seguir a alguien/algo
to be able to understand or deal with something that is
happening or changing very fast comprender
the money that you earn from your job ganarse la vida
to respect and admire someone admirar
a way of making money by selling numbered tickets to
people who then have a chance of winning a prize if
their number is chosen lotería
newspapers and magazines, or the people who write
them la prensa
when you are alone and people cannot see or hear what
you are doing privacidad, intimidad

the advantages and disadvantages of something los pros y los contras


relating to a region (=particular area in a country) regional
something that shocks people because they think it is
morally wrong escándalo
a lot of excitement, surprise, or interest, or the person
or event that causes these feelings sensación, furor
a natural ability to do something talento
An understandable feeling or action is one that you
would expect in that particular situation. comprensible
(informal) to hate someone or something odiar, caer mal
to shout loudly in order to show your approval or to
encourage someone animar
pista de carreras / campo
an area used for horse races or playing golf de golf
a series of lessons about a particular subject curso
pista (para practicar
an area for playing particular sports deportes)
to be involved in the activity of buying and selling
goods and services, or a particular company that does
this, or work you do to earn money hacer negocios con
to cause harm or injury hacer daño
to do something to help someone hacer un favor
hacer algo para ganarse
to earn money by doing a job la vida
to manage without having someone or something arreglarselas con
a sport that is very dangerous and exciting deporte extremo
derrumbarse (una
to start having problems that you cannot deal with persona)
to suddenly have strong, romantic feelings about
someone enamorarse de
to argue with someone and stop being friendly with
them enfadarse con

If a plan or agreement falls through, it fails to happen. fracasar


an area of grass where you can play a sport campo

the condition of being physically strong and healthy forma física


a building with equipment for doing exercises gimnasio
a sport in which you do physical exercises on the floor
and on different pieces of equipment, often in
competitions gimnasia
to move across ice using ice skates patinaje sobre hielo
one journey around a circular race track vuelta (a la paista)
something made with a piece of net, for example for
catching fish or insects, or for sports red
in sports, an advantage given to a team when the
opposing team has broken a rule penalti
an area of ground where a sport is played cancha, terreno de juego
someone who makes sure that players follow the rules
during a sports game árbitro
to do something although something bad might
happen because of it arriesgarse

to move a boat or move someone in a boat through the


water using oars (=poles with flat ends) remar
frightening que da miedo
to move over snow wearing skis esquiar
someone who watches an event, sport, etc. espectador
a game played between two or four people on a special
closed playing area that involves hitting a small rubber
ball against a wall squash
a group of people who play a sport or game together
against another group of players equipo
a path, often circular, used for races pista
to have an influence on someone or something, or to
cause them to change afectar, influir
If you are accustomed to something, you have
experienced it often enough for it to seem normal to
you. estar acostumbrado a
to know and like someone ser amigo de
certain about your ability to do things well confiado, seguro
saying that someone or something is bad or wrong crítico

to think that someone or something is bad or wrong desaprobar


(UK) If two or more people get on, they like each other
and are friendly to each other. entenderse con
the work that you do to keep your house clean tareas domésticas
mantener/romper una
to do/not do what you said that you would do promesa
to not tell anyone a secret that you know guardar un secreto
to prevent someone from sleeping mantener despierto
a child or young person niño
to make a lot of money hacer una fortuna
to begin to know and like someone hacerse amigo de
the way someone feels at a particular time estado de ánimo
an area of a town or city that people live in vecindario, barrio
feeling very pleased about something you have done,
something you own, or someone you know orgulloso
caring only about yourself and not other people egoísta
showing good judgment sensato
to have or use something at the same time as someone
else compartir
a level of a building piso (nivel de un edificio)
to try very hard to do something difficult esforzarse

to have a particular flavour saber bien/mal/dulce


to agree that you did something bad, or that something
bad is true admitir
to tell people about a product or service, for example in
newspapers or on television, in order to persuade them
to buy it anunciar
a product that is made by a particular company marca
the amount of money you have for something presupuesto
a person in a book, film, etc. personaje
an advertisement on the radio or television anuncio
a time by which something must be done fecha límite
to feel uncertain about something or think that
something is not probable dudar
full of action and excitement espectacular
a part of something elemento
the last part of a story or film fin
extremely large enorme
a place or position ubicación
the most important idea of a film, book, etc. mensaje
Narrow things measure a small distance from one side
to the other. estrecho
a famous person personalidad, celebridad
having a strong effect on people poderoso
when someone controls how a film, play, programme,
or musical recording is made producción
to think that something is probably true creer, considerar
escenario, donde un
the place where something is or where something libro/obra/pelicula está
happens, often in a book, play, or film ambientado
not deep poco profundo
to emphasize something in order to show that it is
important destacar
your opinion punto de vista
used to add something surprising or interesting to
what you have just said es más
when you have the right or opportunity to use or see
something acceso
something good that you achieve logro
at the beginning of a situation or period of time al principio
finally al final
as much as, or more than, a number or amount al menos
immediately inmediatamente
not fighting, not at war en paz
now ahora
not doing anything active, not moving en reposo
despite this sin embargo
when there is fighting between two or more countries,
or two or more groups inside a country en guerra
relating to buying and selling things comercial
an idea or principle concepto
a period of ten years década
an organized journey, especially a long one for a
particular purpose expedición
not allowed by law ilegal
morally wrong inmoral
easily annoyed by someone's mistakes or because you
have to wait impaciente
unsuitable for a particular situation or person inapropiado

without much experience or knowledge of something inexperto


Irregular actions or events happen with a different
amount of time between each one. irregular
not thinking about the possible bad results of what you
are doing irresponsable
something that is necessary to have or do necesidad
a suggestion for a plan propuesta
to show that something is true probar
a tube-shaped vehicle for travelling in space cohete
relating to science, or using the organized methods of
science científico
important or noticeable importante
the answer to a problem solución
the area outside the Earth espacio
to give money to someone to support an activity, event,
or organization, sometimes as a way to advertise your
company or product patrocinar
knowledge, equipment, and methods that are used in
science and industry tecnología
to be willing (to do sth) is to be happy to do something,
if you need to disposición, inclinación
behaving in an angry and violent way towards another
person agresivo
If you blush, your face becomes red, especially because
you are embarrassed. ruborizarse
always telling other people what to do mandón
a typical or obvious quality that makes one person or
thing different from others característica
happy feliz, animado
wanting to win or to be more successful than other
people competitivo
needing a lot of your time, attention, or effort exigente
to make someone less confident or enthusiastic about
something desanimar
exactly the same idéntico
who someone is identidad
easily annoyed by someone's mistakes or because you
have to wait impaciente
upset and angry because someone you love seems too
interested in another person celoso
Someone who is lazy does not like working or using
any effort. vago
always liking and supporting someone or something,
sometimes when other people do not fiel
someone who has no brothers or sisters hijo/a único/a
always believing that good things will happen optimista
to look like or be like someone or something parecerse
when two things or people are similar, or a way in
which they are similar similitud
determined not to change your ideas, plans, etc.,
although other people want you to tozudo
to consider something when judging a situation tener en cuenta
parecerse a (un miembro
to be similar to an older member of your family de la familia)
to take control of or make yourself responsible for
something hacerse cargo

to not show that you are grateful for someone or


something, and forget that you are lucky to have them dar por hecho
despegar, tener éxito
to suddenly become successful rápidamente

to remove something from somewhere sacar algo


to believe that someone or something is important and
that you should pay attention to them tomar en serio

If two or more people take turns, one person does


something, then another person does something, etc. hacer turnos
one of two children who are born to the same mother
at the same time gemelo
disliked by most people impopular
not able to be trusted or depended on poco fiable
using words in a funny and clever way ingenioso
a piece of electrical equipment with a particular
purpose in the home electrodoméstico
a room at the top of a house under the roof ático
(US) a metal structure on wheels that is used for
carrying things carrito
to have an opinion after considering all the
information about something llegar a la conclusión
make a choice about something after thinking about
several possibilities tomar una decisión
plates, cups, and other dishes, especially those made
from clay vajilla
Crunchy food is hard and makes a noise when you eat
it. crujiente
knives, forks, and spoons cubertería
to design or invent something such as a system, plan,
or piece of equipment inventar, idear
to do something that has already been done, in exactly
the same way duplicar, volver a hacer
to start sleeping dormirse
to become unwell ponerse enfermo

to be very attracted to someone and begin to love them enamorarse de


(informal) annoyed or bored by something that you
have experienced for too long estar harto
to do something that is expected, hoped for or
promised or to cause it to happen cumplir
goods bought to be used in the home such as food and
cleaning products provisiones
a disease in a part of your body that is caused by
bacteria or a virus infección
someone who designs and makes new things inventor
to study a subject in detail in order to discover new
information about it investigar
an activity or a set of actions that are always done in
the same way or at the same time, sometimes as part of
a religion ritual
very wet and soft empapado
old and not fresh rancio
to become joined to something else or to make
something become joined to something else, usually pegar (con pegamento
with a substance like glue por ej)
a solid, liquid, or gas sustancia
a feeling or belief that someone has done something
wrong sospecha
to persuade someone to do something persuadir, convencer
to be able to see the difference between two very
similar things or people distinguir
to say something/things that are not true mentir
to entertain people with a description of a series of real
or imaginary events contar una historia

to change something completely, usually to improve it transformar


to say that someone has done something bad acusar
to influence someone or something, or cause them to
change influir, afectar
something you want to achieve in your life ambición
to tell someone that you are sorry about something you
have done disculparse
to say that something is true, although you have not
proved it afirmar, asegurar
to say that something is not true, especially something
that you are accused of negar
to teach someone at a school or college educar
Someone who is educated has learned a lot at school or
university and has a good level of knowledge. educado, culto
providing education or relating to education educativo
to accept that a difficult situation exists hacer frente a
to think something or have an opinion pensar, opinar
to say firmly that something is true, especially when
other people do not believe you insistir

to briefly speak or write about something or someone mencionar


a situation in which it is possible for you to do
something, or a possibility of doing something oportunidad
how successful someone or something is desempeño
a job trabajo, puesto
development and improvement of skills, knowledge,
etc. progreso
to say that you will certainly do something or that
something will certainly happen prometer
an official record showing that you have finished a
training course or have the necessary skills, etc. diploma
to say that you will not do or accept something rechazar
related or useful to what is happening or being talked
about relevante

a level of quality, especially a level that is acceptable estándar


to strongly advise an action urgir, instar
to advise someone not to do something that could
cause danger or trouble advertir
to want a situation that is different from the one that
exists desear
willing to try new and often difficult things aventurero
more than anything sobre todo
from the beginning of a period of time desde el principio
considering everything en resumidas cuentas
unexpectedly de repente
in any way del todo
a job that you do for a long period of your life and that
gives you the chance to move to a higher position and
earn more money carrera, profesión
when you are willing to give your time and energy to
something that you believe in compromiso
worried preocupado
not honest and likely to lie or do something illegal deshonesto
not planned or organised well desorganizado
not pleased or happy with something descontento

a person or company that pays people to work for them empleador


when you feel very interested in something and would
very much like to be involved in it entusiasmo
showing enthusiasm entusiasta
able to change or be changed easily according to the
situation flexible
without much experience or knowledge of something sin experiencia
not thinking about the possible bad results of what you
are doing irresponsable
not working because your employer has told you there
is not enough work en paro
something that it is your job or duty to deal with responsabilidad
showing good judgment and able to be trusted responsable
the things you regularly do and how and when you do
them rutina
safe from danger seguro
feeling sure about yourself and your abilities seguro de sí mismo
help or encouragement apoyo
not known, or not completely certain incierto
money that the government gives to people who don't
have a job and are looking for a job prestación por desempleo
not achieving what was wanted or intended fallido, fracasado
easy to find or reach accessible
a place where alcoholic drinks are sold and drunk, or
the area behind the person serving the drinks bar
an artificial river built for boats to travel along or to
take water where it is needed canal
a sudden loud noise made by thunder trueno
to be formed or made from two or more things consistir en
a strong wall built across a river to stop the water and
make a lake presa
not using a lot of money, fuel, etc. económico
the air, water and land in or on which people, animals
and plants live medio ambiente
respetuoso con el medio
not harmful to the environment ambiente
a sudden bright light destello, fogonazo
when a lot of water covers an area that is usually dry,
especially when a river becomes too full inundación
fuels such as gas, coal and oil, which were formed
underground from plant and animal remains millions
of years ago combustible fósil
a family or group of people who live together in a gente que vive en una
house casa
a large area of water which has land all around it lago
a sudden flash of light in the sky during a storm rayo
pieces of paper and other waste that are left in public
places basura
a flat piece of glass in a window or door vidriera
a small area of water, especially one that has been
made artificially in a park or garden laguna
a part of a river where the water moves very fast rápidos (del río)
to put used paper, glass, plastic, etc. through a process
so that it can be used again reciclar
an artificial lake where water is stored before it goes to
people's houses embalse
a long, natural area of water that flows across the land
and into a sea, lake, or another river río
the roads or paths you follow to get from one place to
another place ruta, itinerario
things that you throw away because you do not want
them basura
If something is second-hand, someone else owned or
used it before you. de segunda mano

a flat piece of food that has been cut from a larger piece rebanada, trozo

very bad weather with a lot of rain, snow, wind, etc. tormenta
a small river arroyo
to try to deal with a problem enfrentarse a
the cars, trucks, etc using a road tráfico
plants and trees vegetación
a stream of water that flows from a high place, often to
a pool below cascada
attractive or interesting atractivo, interesante
the feeling that makes you want to eat apetito
having a strong, sharp, usually unpleasant taste amargo
Canned food is sold in metal containers. en conserva
(formal) to eat or drink something consumir
someone who eats or drinks something consumidor
relating to milk or products made using milk lácteo
(usually plural) a piece of information that has been
discovered as a result of an official study conclusión
A fizzy drink has lots of bubbles of gas in it. gaseoso
If a drink is flat, it does not contain enough bubbles of
gas. sin gas
the taste of a particular type of food or drink sabor
to cook food using direct heat cocinar a la parrilla
to affect or change how someone or something
develops, behaves, or thinks influir
full of juice jugoso
If something melts, it changes from a solid into a liquid
because of heat and if you melt something, you heat it
until it becomes liquid. fundir
not having a strong effect suave
the paper, box, etc. that something is inside so that it
can be sold or sent somewhere embalaje
to refuse to accept or agree with something rechazar
Rich food has a lot of butter, cream, or eggs in it. fuerte, pesado (comida)
developed enough and ready to be eaten maduro

Rotten vegetable or animal substances are decaying. podrido


one of the five natural abilities of sight, hearing, touch,
smell, and taste sentido
how much there is of something cantidad
something that is difficult and that tests someone's
ability or determination reto
someone who collects objects because they are
interesting or beautiful coleccionista
a group of objects of the same type that have been
collected by one person or in one place colección
the state that something or someone is in estado, condición
very pleasant, attractive, or enjoyable encantador
stylish or attractive in appearance or behaviour elegante
extremely good excepcional

el primero (en referencia a


the first of two people or things that have just been algo mencionado
talked about previamente)
el último (en referencia a
the second of two people or things that have just been algo mencionado
talked about previamente)
to take care of or be in charge of someone or
something ocuparse de, cuidar
If someone, usually an expert, looks at something, they
examine it. examinar
to try to find someone or something buscar
to examine the facts about a problem or situation estudiar
the appearance of someone or something parecer, tener pinta de
something you say when someone is in danger ¡Cuidado!
very big enorme
your ability to remember memoria
someone or something that you think about all the
time obsesión
an extreme interest in or wish for doing something,
such as a hobby, activity, etc. pasión (por algo)

very unusual or noticeable in a way that you admire notable


the size or level of something escala
large in amount grande, considerable
a particular or special way of doing something técnica
extremely big vasto, amplio

one of two or more things that you can choose between alternativa

the story of a person's life written by another person biografía


to stop feeling upset, angry, or excited, or to make
someone stop someone feeling this way calmar a algo/alguien
encontrarse (por
to find something by chance accidente)
If a book, record, film, etc. comes out, it becomes
available for people to buy or see. salir, publicarse
to suggest or think of an idea or plan sugerir
to deal quite successfully with a difficult situation salir adelante, superar
a film or television programme that gives facts about a
real situation or real people documental

not feeling certain about something dudoso, poco convencido

successful or achieving the result that you want eficaz

a particular part of a book, poem, etc. that is chosen so


that it can be used in a discussion, article, etc. extracto (de un texto)
a type of something or way of doing something forma
to start to do something empezar
If time goes by, it passes. pasar
to stop liking or being interested in someone or
something perder el gusto por
to experience a difficult or unpleasant situation pasar (una dificultad)
to become higher in level subir
annoyed enfadado

to move your head up and down as a way of agreeing, saludar con la cabeza,
to give someone a sign, or to point to something asentir
feeling happy because something unpleasant did not
happen or you are not worried about something any
more
aliviado
stories about life in the future or in other parts of the
universe ciencia ficción
when someone or something is strong fuerza
relating to, or involving, technology tecnológico
someone or something that is likely to cause harm or
damage amenaza
thriller, libro/película de
a book or film with an exciting story, often about crime suspense
relating to seeing visual
the part of your leg that is just above your foot tobillo
a long piece of soft cloth that you tie around an injured
part of the body venda
If you break a machine, object, etc, or if it breaks, it
stops working because it is damaged. estropear
where something has separated in an accident romper

If a machine or vehicle breaks down, it stops working averiarse


a bacteria or virus, or the illness that it causes virus
to (cause something to) be hurt, damaged or destroyed
by fire or extreme heat quemar
the front of your body between your neck and your
waist pecho
a type of sweet liquid medicine medicina para la tos
a common type of plaster (= a small piece of sticky
material to cover and protect a cut in the skin) esparadrapo
the part in the middle of your arm where it bends codo
physical activity that you do to make your body strong
and healthy ejercicio
to do physical activities to make your body strong and
healthy hacer ejercicio
the thin line of hair that is above each eye ceja
to suddenly become unconscious for a short time,
usually falling down onto the floor desmayarse
to injure your skin by rubbing it against something
rough hacerse un rasguño
If a part of your body hurts, it is painful. doler
either of the two bones in your mouth that contain
your teeth mandíbula
the middle part of your leg where it bends rodilla
the thin, sharp, metal part of a piece of medical
equipment used to take blood out of the body, or to put
medicine or drugs in aguja
usually, or based on an average de media
used to give your opinion after you have considered all
the facts about something teniéndolo todo en cuenta
representing; instead of en nombre de
only if a condición de que

If a doctor, police officer, etc. is on duty, they are


working, and if they are off duty, they are not working. de guardia
at a cheaper price than usual rebajado
intentionally a propósito
a small piece of sticky material that you put on cuts on
your body tirita
a permanent mark left on the body from a cut or other
injury cicatriz
an unpleasant, small, red mark on your skin grano
to injure part of your body by twisting it, but not so
badly that it breaks torcerse (un tobillo por ej)
If an insect, plant, etc. stings you, it causes pain by
putting poison into your skin. picar (un insecto)
(usually plural) a length of special thread used to join
the edges of a deep cut in the flesh punto de sutura
when a doctor cuts your body open and repairs or
removes something cirugía
the salty colourless liquid that comes through your
skin when you are hot, nervous or ill sudor
a physical feeling or problem which shows that you
have a particular illness síntoma
the top part of your leg above your knee muslo
the part around the middle of your body where you
wear a belt cintura
a room in a hospital where people receiving treatment
stay, often for the same type of illness sala (en un hospital)

the part of your body between your hand and your arm muñeca
to say that someone has done something bad acusar
If the police arrest someone, they take them away to
ask them about a crime which they might have
committed. arrestar
someone who gets into buildings illegally and steals
things ladrón
a small room in a prison or police station where a
prisoner is kept celda (de prisión)
If the police charge someone, they accuse them
officially of a crime. acusar
to do something that is considered wrong, or that is
illegal cometer un delito
the place where a judge decides whether someone is
guilty of a crime tribunal
someone who has committed a crime criminal, delincuente
someone, especially a police officer, whose job is to detective, inspector de
discover information about a crime policía
deoxyribonucleic acid; a chemical in the cells of living
things which contains genetic information ADN
information that is given or objects that are shown in a
court of law to help to prove if someone has committed
a crime prueba
to make someone pay an amount of money as a
punishment for breaking a law or rule multar
an amount of money that you must pay for breaking a
law or rule multa
the mark made on something by the pattern of curved
lines on the end of someone's finger huella digital
relating to scientific methods of solving crimes forense
having broken a law culpable
not allowed by law ilegal
not guilty of committing a crime inocente
a group of people in a court of law who decide if
someone is guilty or not jurado
to take someone away using force, usually to obtain
money in exchange for releasing them secuestro
a crime infracción, delito
a punishment for doing something which is against a
law or rule pena, castigo
someone who steals things from people's pockets carterista
a fact or a piece of information that shows something
exists or is true prueba
when someone is punished castigo
the crime of stealing from someone or somewhere robo
to give a punishment to someone who has committed a
crime sentencia
to take goods illegally from a shop without paying for
them robar (de una tienda)
to secretly take something that does not belong to you,
without intending to return it robar
someone who may have committed a crime sospechoso (persona)
making you feel that something is wrong or that
something bad or illegal is happening sospechoso
to take legal action against someone demandar a alguien
someone who steals things ladrón
to find someone or something that is lost rastrear, seguir la pista

a legal process to decide if someone is guilty of a crime juicio


when something does not exist ausencia
the design and style of buildings arquitectura
when something is taken away from a place recogida
the people living in a particular area comunidad
someone who buys or uses goods or services consumidor
an electricity/power cut is when the supply of
electricity suddenly stops cortarse (la electricidad)

relating to the environment ambiental


when something is not available or when there is not
enough of it falta
the amount or number of something nivel
the way that you live modo de vida

the light created by electrical equipment, candles, etc. iluminación


the work that is done to keep something in good
condition mantenimiento
a large, covered shopping area centro comercial
an area of a town or city that people live in barrio, vecindario
damage caused to water, air, etc. by harmful
substances or waste contaminación
a building or area of land propiedad

an official rule that controls how something is done reglamento, regulación


to increase the life of or replace something old renovar
when you renew something renovación
something that is needed or demanded requerimiento
someone who lives in a particular place residente
when there is not enough of something escasez

an area where people live outside the centre of a city suburbio


relating to a suburb suburbano
a way or method of doing things sistema
a line of cars, trucks, etc. that are moving slowly or not
moving at all atasco de tráfico
belonging or relating to a town or city urbano
the people who sit and watch a performance at a
theatre, cinema, etc. público
a group of people who sing together coro
someone who writes music compositor
a piece of music that someone has written composición, obra

someone who stands in front of a group of musicians


or singers and controls their performance director de orquesta
a series of special events, performances, etc. that often
takes place over several days festival
a performance of pop or rock music actuación
the way that something seems, looks or feels to a
particular person impresión
If an occasion is memorable, you will remember it for a
long time because it is so good. memorable
someone who plays a musical instrument, often as a
job músico
a large group of musicians who play different
instruments together orquesta
of or belonging to an orchestra orquestal

someone who plans an event or activity organizador


to be involved with other people in an activity participar
when two people or organizations work together to sociedad, alianza
achieve something empresarial
to entertain people by acting, singing, dancing, etc. interpretar
a person who entertains people by acting, singing,
dancing or playing music artista, intérprete

a time when all the people involved in a play, dance,


etc. practise in order to prepare for a performance ensayo
a piece of music for one person or one instrument solo
to spend most of your time studying one particular
subject or doing one type of business especializarse
a place where a sports game, musical performance, or lugar (donde se celebra
special event happens un evento)
unusual and special único

the soft grey or black powder that is left after a


substance, especially tobacco, coal or wood, has burnt ceniza

to end (something) suddenly acabar, romper


to decide that a planned event, especially a sports
event, will not happen, or to end an activity because it
is no longer useful or possible anular
a line on the surface of something that is damaged grieta
to cause a person or place to become separate, or cause
someone to be or feel alone aislar
to harm or break something dañar
slightly wet, usually in an unpleasant way húmedo
a long period when there is no rain and people do not
have enough water sequía
a sudden movement of the Earth's surface, often
causing severe damage terremoto
when a volcano explodes and flames and rocks come
out of it erupción

a substance in a form like air and not solid or liquid gas


Humid air or weather is hot and slightly wet. húmedo
a violent storm with very strong winds huracán
to hurt a person, animal, or part of your body dañar
extremely useful precioso, de mucho valor

to not punish someone who has committed a crime or


done something wrong, or to not punish them severely perdonar
to stop a computer being connected to a computer
system, usually when you want to stop working desconectarse
the top of a mountain, or the mountain itself cima
a large, round object in space that moves around the
sun or another star planeta
to keep something the same or prevent it from being
damaged or destroyed mantener, preservar
very important or useful inestimable

to send a letter, document or parcel by post enviar


easily upset by the things people say or do sensible
to make quick, short movements from side to side or
up and down, or to make something or someone do
this temblar
to speak angrily to someone because they have done
something wrong regañar

the loud noise in the sky that you hear during a storm trueno
to shake slightly, especially because you are nervous,
frightened, or cold temblar
deshacer, abrir (por ej un
to open something that is tied or fastened nudo)
to open something that is closed or fixed together desabrochar
to open a knot or something that has been tied with a
knot desatar
to remove the paper, cloth, etc. that is covering abrir (un paquete
something envuelto)
a mountain with a large hole at the top which
sometimes explodes and produces hot, melted rock
and smoke volcán
a description of what the weather will be like predicción meteorológica
If a feeling or the effect of something wears off, it disiparse, desaparecer
gradually disappears. gradualmente
something you say or write to say that you are sorry
about something you have done disculpa
used to say that you have read or been told something
although you are not certain it is true por lo que parece,
a machine, usually in a wall outside a bank, that you
can get money from using a plastic card cajero
to do something that you did not have time to do
earlier ponerse al día
someone who entertains people by telling jokes cómico, comediante

entertainment such as a film, play, etc which is funny comedia


when someone says that something is wrong or not
satisfactory queja, reclamación

clothes and other things that you wear to change the


way you look so that people cannot recognize you disfraz
to give a new appearance to a person or thing,
especially in order to hide its true form disfrazar
money that you get from working salario
to guess the cost, size, value, etc. of something estimar
to do or finish an unpleasant but necessary piece of
work or duty so that you do not have to worry about it
in the future quitarse de encima
pasar tiempo (con
to spend time (with someone) alguien)
the ability to laugh and recognize that something is
funny humor
ignorar, no prestar
to pay no attention to something or someone atención

ser una mala/buena


to have the power to have an effect on people or things influencia
to put information into a computer or a machine using
a keyboard teclear
to not allow something that is at a high level to fall to a
lower level mantener

a man/woman who you rent a room or house from arrendador


to try to find a piece of information by looking in a
book or on a computer buscar
to move towards a place ir hacia
to see, hear or understand something or someone with
difficulty distinguir, comprender
to reduce the bad effect of something, or make
something bad become something good compensar
to learn a new skill or language by practising it rather
than being taught it aprender
to make someone dislike something or someone, or to
discourage someone from doing something disuadir
to make something that is burning, such as a fire or apagar (algo que arde -
cigarette, stop burning un fuego o un cigarrillo)
to show or express a particular type of opposition to combatir (expresar
something oposición)
to accept unpleasant behaviour or an unpleasant
situation, although you do not like it tolerar
an official instruction about what you must or must
not do regla
If you star in a film, play, etc., you are the main person ser la estrella,
in it. protagonizar
to begin your life or the part of your life when you
work, in a particular way empezar

to spend time away from your work tomarse libre


something which you do to try to cure an illness or
injury, especially something suggested or done by a
doctor tratamiento
very strange muy extraño
to spend time repairing or improving something trabajar en
to understand something or to find the answer to
something by thinking about it entender, resolver