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WHAT IS ASTHMA? including tobacco, incense, candles, fires, and fireworks.

Don’t allow smoking in your home or car, and avoid


 It is a respiratory condition marked by spasms in the public places that permit it.
bronchi of the lungs, causing difficulty in breathing. 4. Prevent Colds - Do what you can to stay well. Avoid
It usually results from an allergic reaction or other close contact with people who have a cold or the flu,
forms of hypersensitivity. It can start at any age and because catching it will make your asthma symptoms
is chronic but it can be managed so you live a worse.
normal, healthy life 5. Allergy-Proof Your Home - Whether you’re at home,
work, or traveling, there are things you can do to allergy-
ASTHMA SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS INCLUDE: proof your environment and lower your chances of an
asthma attack.
 Shortness of breath
6. Get Your Vaccinations - Get a flu shot every year to
 Chest tightness or pain
protect against the flu virus, which can worsen your
 Trouble sleeping caused by shortness of breath,
asthma for days or weeks. Asthma makes you more
coughing or wheezing
likely to have complications from the flu, like
 A whistling or wheezing sound when exhaling
pneumonia, and to be hospitalized because of it.
(wheezing is a common sign of asthma in children)
7. Consider Immunotherapy Allergy Shots - If your
 Coughing or wheezing attacks that are worsened by a
doctor finds that you have allergies, allergy shots
respiratory virus, such as a cold or the flu
(immunotherapy) may help prevent allergy symptoms
For some people, asthma signs and symptoms flare up in and keep your asthma from getting worse.
certain situations: 8. Take Asthma Medications as Prescribed - Long-term
asthma medications are designed to prevent symptoms
 Exercise-induced asthma, which may be worse when and attacks. You need to take them every day, even if
the air is cold and dry you don’t have symptoms.
 Occupational asthma, triggered by workplace irritants 9. Follow Your Asthma Action Plan - Take your meds,
such as chemical fumes, gases or dust even when you feel OK. If you notice symptoms, check
 Allergy-induced asthma, triggered by airborne your plan for instructions on what medications to take.
substances, such as pollen, mold spores, cockroach waste 10. Use a Home Peak Flow Meter - The meter shows how
or particles of skin and dried saliva shed by pets (pet well air is moving through your lungs. During an attack,
dander) your airways narrow.
HOW TO PREVENT AND CONTROL ASTHMA?
1. Identify Asthma Triggers - Certain asthma triggers can
set off a cascade of asthma symptoms.
2. Stay Away From Allergens - If you have allergies and
asthma, it’s important to keep your distance from
allergens (things you’re allergic to).
3. Avoid Smoke of Any Type - Smoke and asthma are a
bad mix. Limit exposure to all sources of smoke,