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English 2

Infinitive Simple Past Past


Abide Abode Participle
Arise Arose Abode
Awake Awoke Arisen
Be (Am, Is, Are) Was/Were Awoke, Awaked
Bear Bore Been
Beat Beat Borne, Born
Become Became Beaten, Beat
Beget Begot, Begat Become
Begin Began Begotten
Belay Belayed, Belaid Begun
Bend Bent Belayed
Bereave Bereaved, Bereft Bent
Beseech Besought Bereaved, Bereft
Bestrew Bestrewed Besought
Bestride Bestrode Bestrewed
Bet Bet, Betted Bestridden
Bid Bade, Bid Bet, Betted
Bind Bound Bidden, Bid
Bite Bit Bound
Bleed Bled Bitten
Blow Blew Bled
Break Broke Blown
Breed Bred Broken
Bring Brought Bred
Build Built Brought
Burn Burnt, Burned Built
Burst Burst Burnt, Burned
English 2

Burst Find Found


Buy Bought Bought
Can Could
Cast Cast Cast
Catch Caught Caught
Chide Chid Chidden
Choose Chose Chosen
Cleave Clove, Cleft Cloven, Cleft
Cling Clung Clung
Clothe Clothed Clothed
Come Came Come
Cost Cost Cost
Creep Crept Crept
Cut Cut Cut
Dare Dared, Durst Dared
Deal Dealt Dealt
Dig Dug Dug
Do Did Done
Draw Drew Drawn
Dream Dreamt, Dreamed Dreamt, Dreamed
Drink Drank Drunk
Drive Drove Driven
Dwell Dwelt Dwelt
Eat Ate Eaten
Fall Fell Fallen
Feed Fed Fed
Feel Felt Felt
Fight Fought Fought
English 2

Found Keep Kept


Flee Fled Fled
Fling Flung Flung
Fly Flew Flown
Forbear Forbore Forborne
Forbid Forbad (e) Forbidden
Forget Forgot Forgotten
Forgive Forgave Forgiven
Forsake Forsook Forsaken
Freeze Froze Frozen
Geld Gelded Gelded
Get Got Gotten
Gild Gilded, Gilt Gilded, Gilt
Gird Girded, Girt Girded, Girt
Give Gave Given
Go Went Gone
Grave Graved Graven
Grind Ground Ground
Grow Grew Grown
Hang Hung, Hanged Hung, Hanged
Have Had Had
Hear Heard Heard
Heave Heaved, Hove Heaved, Hove
Hew Hewed Hewed, Hewn
Hide Hid Hidden
Hit Hit Hit
Hold Held Held
Hurt Hurt Hurt
English 2

Kept Ride Rode


Kneel Knelt, Kneeled Knelt, Kneeled
Knit Knitted, Knit Knitted, Knit
Know Knew Known
Lade Laded Laded, Laden
Lay Laid Laid
Lead Led Led
Lean Leaned, Leant Leaned, Leant
Leap Leaped, Leapt Leaped, Leapt
Learn Learned, Learnt Learned, Learnt
Leave Left Left
Lend Lent Lent
Let Let Let
Lie Lay Lain
Light Lighted, Lit Lighted, Lit
Lose Lost Lost
Make Made Made
May Might
Mean Meant Meant
Meet Met Met
Mow Mowed Mowed, Mown
Must Must
Pay Paid Paid
Pen Penned, Pent Penned, Pent
Put Put Put
Read Read Read
Rend Rent Rent
Rid Rid Rid
English 2

Ridden Slay Slew


Ring Rang Rung
Rise Rose Risen
Rive Rived Riven
Run Ran Run
Saw Sawed Sawn, Sawed
Say Said Said
See Saw Seen
Seek Sought Sought
Sell Sold Sold
Send Sent Sent
Set Set Set
Sew Sewed Sewed, Sewn
Shake Shook Shaken
Shall Should
Shave Shaved Shaved, Shaven
Shear Sheared Shorn
Shed Shed Shed
Shine Shone Shone
Shoe Shod Shod
Shoot Shot Shot
Show Showed Shown
Shred Shredded Shredded, Shred
Shrink Shrank Shrunk
Shut Shut Shut
Sing Sang Sung
Sink Sank Sunk
Sit Sat Sat
English 2

Slain Strike Struck


Sleep Slept Slept
Slide Slid Slid
Sling Slung Slung
Slink Slunk Slunk
Slit Slit Slit
Smell Smelt, Smelled Smelt, Smelled
Smite Smote Smitten
Sow Sowed Sown, Sowed
Speak Spoke Spoken
Speed Sped, Speeded Sped, Speeded
Spell Spelt, Spelled Spelt, Spelled
Spend Spent Spent
Spill Spilt, Spilled Spilt, Spilled
Spin Spun, Span Spun
Spit Spat Spat
Split Split Split
Spoil Spoiled, Spoilt Spoiled, Spoilt
Spread Spread Spread
Spring Sprang Sprung
Stand Stood Stood
Stave Staved, Stove Staved, Stove
Steal Stole Stolen
Stick Stuck Stuck
Sting Stung Stung
Stink Stunk, Stank Stunk
Strew Strewed Strewed
have
, Strewn be
Stride Strode Stridden
English 2

Struck
String Strung Strung
Strive Strove Striven
Swear Swore Sworn
Sweep Swept Swept
Swell Swelled Swollen
Swim Swam Swum
Swing Swung Swung
Take Took Taken
Teach Taught Taught
Tear Tore Torn
Tell Told Told
Think Thought Thought
Thrive Throve Thriven
Throw Threw Thrown
Thrust Thrust Thrust
Tread Trod Trodden
Wake Woke, Waked Waked, Woke (n)
Wear Wore Worn
Weave Wove Woven
Weep Wept Wept
Wet Wetted, Wet Wetted, Wet
Will Would
Win Won Won
Wind Wound Wound
Work Worked, Wrought Worked, Wrought
Wring Wrung Wrung
Write Wrote Written
English 2

Verbs -> regular (“ed”)/irregular (list)


 Present Perfect: Subject + Have/Has + Past
Participle
P. Pronoun + Have/Has + Verb + Rest of the
sentences
I, You, We, They Have/Haven’t
He, She, It Has/Hasn’t
Have I/You/We/They…? – Has He/She/It…?
Yes, I/You/We/They have. – Yes, He/She/It has.
No, I/You/We/They haven’t. – No, He/She/It
hasn’t.
Key words: ever alguna vez, just recién, never nunca, since
desde
, get todavía, for Durante, already ya.
 Simple Past: P. Pronoun + Verb in the past 2sd
column + Rest of the sentences
With: days/dates/years/ times – Ago and Last -
When
Affirmative: She watched TV last night – I wrote an e-
mail yesterday
Negative: She didn’t watch TV last night – I didn’t write
an e-mail yesterday
Interrogative: Did she watch TV last night? –Did I write
an e-mail yesterday?
English 2

Key words: yesterday Ayer, last month/year/week, on


Monday/Friday, in 1990/2002, two years ago.
-You did the homework (verb in the 2sd column)
-I didn’t do the homework
-Did you do the homework?
 Future will for predictions:
AF: I/You/He/She/It/We/They will be here at six.
NE: I/You/He/She/It/We/They won’t see him next
week.
IN: Will I/You/He/She/It/We/They Have time to
phone them?
Sentences: “The weather will be lovely in June” –
Will there be a lot of people?
 Modal Verbs: Can/Can’t
AF: I/You/He/She/It/We/They can speak English.
NE: I/You/He/She/It/We/They can’t speak
English.
IN: Can I/You/He/She/It/We/They speak
English?
 Modal Verbs: Have to/Have to don’t
 I/You/We/They AF: Have to go now.
English 2

NE: Don’t have to go AF: Has to go now.


now. NE: Doesn’t has to go
IN: Do I have to go now.
now? IN: Does he has to go
 He/She/It no

 Passive Voice: Subject + Verb to be (in all


tenses) + Main verb (3rd column) + the doer the action
(optional)
We: Us – He: Him – She: Her – They: Them

Verb to be Present: Am-Is-Are


Past: Was/Were 3rd column of
Future: Will be the list
Passive voice: Present, Past and Future
Active sentences
1.He paints the
wall Passive sentences
2.They studied 1. The wall is
geography painted by
3.She will buy a him
computer
English 2

2. Geography 3. A computer
was studied will be
by them bought by
her
 Articles: “A/An – The – ING/ED”
*Usamos el articulo A/An la primera vez que
mencionamos algo en una oración.
*We use “The” with: Some places names (Oceans,
Seas, and Rivers, Mountain rangers, Countries, Republics or
unions, Islands). When there is only one and we see it as
unique.
*We use gerunds “ING”: (Preposition u verb ING +
sust + verb) as the subject of the sentence “Going to the gym
is very good for you”- After certain verbs that express
likes and dislikes “I always enjoy seeing my grandchildren”.
For example: like, love, enjoy, hate, don’t mind, can’t
stand, and feel like. After prepositions “Do you feel ok
about staying here on your own?” *Some adjectives have both
ED/ING forms for example: Excited-Exciting. The “ING”
form describes the way something is. The “ED” form
describes the way it makes you feel.