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MCQ DESIGN OF Machine Elements

1.  Determine number of coils in a helical compression spring, if modulus of rigidity is 80 Gpa and spring stiffness is
50 N/ mm. Assume wire diameter and spring index as 8 mm and 5 respectively 

a. 11.8 turns
b. 12.8 turns
c. 13.3 turns
d. None of the above

2.Which factor is used to consider the effects of direct shear stress and torsional shear stress when curvature effect
stress is not considered? 

a. Shear stress concentration factor


b. Wahl shear stress concentration factor
c. Both a. and b.
d. None of the above
3.The shear stress concentration factor (Ks) in mechanical springs is given as _____ 

a. (1 + 0.5 / C)
b. 0.615 / C
c. (1 + 0.615 / C)
d. [(4C – 1) / (4C + 1)] + [0.615 / C]

4. Which type of springs have only active coils? 

a. Helical compression springs


b. Helical tension springs
c. Both a. and b.
d. None of the above

5. Solid length for helical compression springs having square and ground ends is given as _________. 

a. (n + 2)d
b. (n + 3)d
c. (n + 1)d
d. None of the above
6.Which formula is used to calculate shear strength of butt weld? 
a. P = τ h l
b. P = τ h l2
c. P = τ h2 l
d. None of the above

7.Which of the following statements is/are false?

1. Under fatigue load, casted structures are stronger than welded structures
2. Welding cannot produce complicated structures
3. Welding can join dissimilar materials
4. Rivetted joints produce light weight constructions as compared to welded joints 

a. Statement 1 and Statement 3


b. Statement 1, 2 and Statement 4
c. Statement 1, 2 and Statement 3
d. All the above statements are false

8.If welds are designed with in-plane eccentric load, then eccentric load can be replaced by _______. 

a. parallel force
b. twisting moment
c. both a. and b.
d. none of the above

9.When a coupler nut is subjected to crushing stress, crushing failure can be avoided if _____ 

a. crushing stress induced is more than permissible crushing stress in the nut
b. permissible crushing stress is more than crushing stress induced in the threads
c. crushing stress induced is equal to permissible crushing stress
d. all of the above
 10.Threads used in screw fasteners are ______ 

a. having high strength


b. having low efficiency
c. single start type
d. all of the above
11.Which type of stress is induced in a screw body? 

a. Bearing pressure
b. Direct shear stress
c. Torsional shear stress
d. None of the above

12.Calculate torque required to overcome thread friction if axial load of 8 kN acts on a power screw having double
start square threads of 30 mm mean diameter. Friction angle and lead angle are 7 o and 9o respectively 

a. 68.81 N-m
b. 41.90 N-m
c. 34.40 N-m
d. Insufficient data

13.To predict failure in design components which failure criteria is not assumed, when mean stress and stress
amplitude are nonzero? 

a. Goodman criterion
b. Soderberg criteria
c. Gerber criteria
d. None of the above

14.Calculate fatigue stress concentration factor, when theoretical stress concentration factor is 1.62 and notch
sensitivity is equal to 0.9 

a. 1.558
b. 3.358
c. 1.162
d. None of the above
15. Where are rigid couplings used? 
a. To connect diesel engine and generator
b. To connect eccentric shafts
c. To connect electric motor to pump
d. None of the above

16. Universal coupling is a type of  ____ 


a. Flexible coupling
b. Rigid coupling
c. Both a. and b.
d. None of the above

17. The formula (π2 E A) / ( Le / K)2  is devised to determine buckling load by

where E = modulus of elasticity, Le = equivalent length, K = radius of gyration 


a. Rankine
b. Euler
c. J. B. Johnson
d. None of the above
18.  Which factors are responsible for the failure of a component due to buckling? 
a. Yielding
b. Plastic deformation
c. Elastic instability
d. All of the above

17. Which of the following statements is/are true? 


a. The bending stress distribution in bending of straight beams is nonlinear
b. The bending stress distribution in bending of curved beams is hyperbolic
c. The neutral axis coincides with geometrical axis during bending of curved beams
d. All of the above.

18.  Which among the following is a knuckle joint? 

a. Tension link in bridge structure


b. Foundation bolt
c. Both a. and b.
d. None of the above
19. Series of numbers offered by arithmetic progression are called as preferred series 
a. True
b. False

20. What is meant by Aesthetics? 


a. Interaction between man machine working environment
b. Appearance of the product
c. Both a. and b.
d. None of the above

21.  The application factor depends on ______ 


a. prime mover
b. hours of operation per day
c. machine driven
d. all of the above

22. In which condition the axial distance between two adjacent coils is called as pitch? 

a. Compressed condition
b. Uncompressed condition
c. Both a. and b.
d. None of the above

23. What is the Wahl's factor if spring index is 6? 

a. 1.477
b. 0.995
c. 1.252
d. None of the above

24.  Free length for helical compression springs having square ends is given as ________. 

a. pn + 2d
b. pn + 3d
c. 2(p + d)
d. pn + 4d
25. Calculate weld size if weld throat thickness for the fillet weld is 8.2 mm 
a. 10 mm
b. 14.20 mm
c. 16.4 mm
d. 12 mm

26. Which welding prefered for joining two plates placed perpendicular without singe bevel edge ?

a. Lap joint
b. Single V butt joint
c. Double fillet weld
d. Single fillet weld

27. Which type of screw fasteners are threaded at both the ends? 

a. Through bolt
b. Tap bolt
c. Studs
d. All of the above
28. Which type of stress is induced in a screw thread ? 
a. Torsional shear stress
b. Buckling load
c. Bearing pressure
d. All of the above

29. Which of the following equations is correct for Soderberg Criteria? 

a. (σm / Sut) + (σa / Se) = (1 / Nf)


b. (σm / Sut) - (σa / Se) = (1 / Nf)
c. (σm / Syt) + (σa / Se) = (1 / Nf)
d. (σm / Sut) - (σa / Se) = (1 / Nf)

30. In S-N diagram, the graph plotted between fatigue strength and number of stress cycles becomes horizontal for
which type of materials?   
a. Ferrous materials
b. Non-ferrous materials
c. Both a. and b.
d. None of the above

31. Which of the following conditions is true for repeated stress?

1. σm = 0
2. σm = σmax / 2
3. σm = σa 
4. σmin = 0
5. σmin = – σmax   
6. σa = σmax / 2

where  σm = mean stress and σa = stress amplitude 

a. condition 2 and 3
b. condition 1, 3 and 5
c. condition 2, 4, and 6
d. condition 3,4, 5 and 6
32. Which type of key consists of two square tapered keys placed 90o apart? 

a. Tangent key
b. Kennedy key
c. Saddle key
d. Woodruff key

33. Which material cannot be used to manufacture shafts? 


a. Plain carbon steels
b. Cast iron
c. Both a. and b.
d. None of the above
34. Which of the following statements is/are false for an axle? 

a. It is used to support rotating machine elements


b. It can transmit torque
c. It is subjected to axial force
d. All of the above
35.  Which among the following is a type of transmission shaft? 
a. Spindle shaft
b. Crankshaft
c. Counter shaft
d. All of the above
36. Stress induced on contact area between cotter and socket collar is ______ 

a. Tensile stress
b. Direct shear stress
c. Crushing stress
d. None of the above
37. Compressive stress acting on the contact area between two components having no relative motion between them is
known as crushing stress 
a. True
b. False
38. What is bearing pressure? 
a. Compressive force acting on the contact area between two components having relative motion between them
b. Tensile stress acting on the contact area between two components having relative motion between them
c. Compressive force acting on the contact area between two components having no relative motion between them
d. Compressive stress acting on the contact area between two components having relative motion between them
39. Torsional Shear Stress is the stress induced when a component is subjected to equal and opposite _______. 

a. forces acting in perpendicular direction


b. couples acting in perpendicular direction
c. couples acting in parallel planes
d. forces acting in parallel direction
40.  Punching operation is an example of 
a. Static load
b. Impact load
c. Fluctuating load
d. None of the above
41.  What is the step ratio for R40 series? 

a. 1.44
b. 1.05
c. 4.0
d. 0.4
42. The ratio of endurance strength and allowable stress is used to determine FOS for _____ 
a. fatigue loading
b. static loading of brittle materials
c. static loading of ductile materials
d. all of the above
43. For brittle materials having static load, factor of safety is given as the ratio of ______ 
a. endurance strength and design stress
b. design stress and allowable stress
c. working stress and allowable stress
d. ultimate strength and design stress
44. The objective of caulking in a riveted joint is to make the joint
a. Fee from corrosion
b. Stronger in tension
c. Free from stress
d. Leak-proof

45. Which of the following property is essential for spring materials

a. Stiffness
b. Ductility
c. Resilience
d. Plasticity
46. A type of brake commonly used in motor cars is a
a. Shoe brake
b. band brake
c. band and block brake
d. Internal expanding brake
47. Components made of brittle materials fails because of
a. Sudden fracture
b. Yielding
c. Elastic deflection
d. All of the above
48. The crank shaft and connecting rods are made up of 
a. Cast iron
b. Plain carbon steel
c. Low carbon steel
d. Nickel chromium steel
49. The sleeve or muff coupling is designed as a
a. Dun cylinder
b. Hollow shaft
c.Solid shaft
d. Thick Cylinder

50. According to Indian standard specifications, 100 H6/g5 means that the
a.Basic size is 100 mm
b.Actual Size is 100 mm
c. Difference between the actual size and basic size is 100 mm
d. None of the above