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Gordon College

Senior High School Department


Olongapo City, Zambales

THE CORRELATION OF SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS


AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF GORDON
COLLEGE SENIOR HIGH
SCHOOL STUDENTS

A Research Paper
Presented to
The Faculty of Senior High School
Gordon College
Olongapo City

In Partial Fulfillment
Of the Requirements of the Subject
Practical Research 2

MANAOG, GABRIEL IAN FERMIN


PACELO, KIMBERLY ANNE SALAS
PAULE, JERICO SALITA
PERUELO, JERALD LULUQUISIN

August 2018
Gordon College
Senior High School Department
Olongapo City, Zambales

Chapter 1
THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND

INTRODUCTION
Erreygers (2013) socioeconomic status (SES) is a composite measure of
an individual’s economic and sociological standing. It is a complex assessment
measured in a variety of ways that account for a person’s work experience and
economic and social position in relation to others, based on income, education,
and occupation. Socioeconomic status has been a powerful determinant of
health; as a general rule, wealthy people tend to be in better health than people
of poorer status.
It has always influenced the academic achievement of students. Academic
achievements varies for children from different social backgrounds. Their
academic performance in an outcome of their social status. Previous studies have
shown that Parents Socio-economic Status is strongly associated with students’
academic performance. The study examines the influence of different categories
of socio-economic status on their academic achievement.
Steinmayr, Meibner, Weidinger, Wirthwin (2017) Academic achievement
as measured by the GPA (Grade Point Average) or by standardized assessment
designed for selection such as SAT (Scholastic Assessment Test) determines
whether a student will have the opportunity to continue his on her education. In
addition, the education of parents has an impact of children’s school
achievement. Studies emphasize that education level of parents of successful
students in higher than education level of the parents of unsuccessful students.
Lean and Isai states that the average period of time that parents participate in
education is an important factor in students’ academic success.
Family income is one of the important factors that determine to some
extent the duration that child participates in education. In an educational setting
so strongly based accountability for student in all subgroup. Archibeld (2016),
systems must not only be aware of the problems present when students grow up
Gordon College
Senior High School Department
Olongapo City, Zambales

in poverty, they must also be aware of willing to implement programs and


initiatives designed to combat the problem and narrow the achievement job,
while ensuring success for students from all economic background.
Leonard (2008) postulated that past discrimination and economic
constraints were factors that contributed to underachievement among minority
students. Ruthstein (2004) averred that common sense would dictate that the
poor achievement was the fault of school. Each child regardless of cultural
background should be given the opportunity to advance academically in schools.
Love, Stiles, Maundry and Di Ramma (2008) argued that the learning of every
child was the collective responsibility of educators.
There are different reasons why a learner gets poor academic
performance. One of the contributing factors is the economic status of the
family. According to Hart of Demand Media each year students attend schools
that represents a variety of socioeconomic backgrounds. Although students of
higher and lower socioeconomic statuses both attend school, the effect of lower
socioeconomic on student achievement is difficult to ignore.
Ocampo (2015) Students of a lower socioeconomic status often face
additional challenges including a dearth of learning resources, difficult learning
conditions and poor motivation that negatively affect their academic
performance. Teacher turnover, limited resources and low academic performance
are all characteristics of schools in lower socioeconomic communities.
Consequently, highly-qualified teachers often avoid such schools by committing
to more school communities, learning low socioeconomic status children with
teachers who often lack expertise in their subjects. Students in lower
socioeconomic communities are more likely to exhibit behavior related learning
problems because they feel as if they do not belong in school due to their
working class background. These feeling of loveliness and inadequacy class
influence the decision to drop out for many students. Ocampo (2015)
Additionally, as low socioeconomic status students become aware of high college
tuition fees, they often lose the motivation to perform well due to their inability
Gordon College
Senior High School Department
Olongapo City, Zambales

to pay for higher education, ultimately affecting the influence of socioeconomic


status on student’s achievement.
The researchers prompted to conduct the study is to know the effects and
impacts between socioeconomic status and academic achievements of the
students in Gordon College Senior High School Department. In addition, it also
prompted here to know if it is significant or not significant to each other.
Gordon College
Senior High School Department
Olongapo City, Zambales

Conceptual Framework

Input Process Output


1. Socio-Demographic
 To know if there
Profile of students in Gordon Analysis of the:
is a relationship
College Senior High School  Socio-
in terms of:
between
demographic
1.1. Age; socioeconomic
profile of the
1.2. Gender; status and
respondents;
1.3. Religion; academic
 Parents
1.4. Number of achievement of
family Background;
students in
members;  Students’
Gordon College
1.5. Daily Allowance Academic
Senior High
Achievement
School.
2. Parents background in
terms of;  Quantitative
2.1. Profession of
research,
you parents;
questionnaire,
Mother:
tabulation of
Father:
data gather
2.2. Estimated total
income per month; using analysis of

2.3. Educational variance.


Attainment;
2.4. Relationship
Status

3. Students’ Academic
Achievements in terms
of:
3.1 GPA
(Grade Point
Average);
3.2.
Academic Awards
Gordon College
Senior High School Department
Olongapo City, Zambales

Statement of the Problem


The purpose of the study is to determine the relationship of
socioeconomic status and academic achievement of Gordon College Senior High
Students in academic year of 2018-2019, to examine the relationship between
parents’ occupation and academic achievement at Gordon College Senior High
School (GS SHS), to explore the relationship between parents’ income and
academic achievement at Gordon College Senior High School (GC SHS).
Specifically, this study seeks to answer the following questions:
1. Socio-Demographic Profile of students in Gordon College Senior High School in
terms of:
1.1. Age;
1.2. Gender;
1.3. Religion;
1.4. Number of family members;
1.5. Daily Allowance
2. Parents background in terms of;
2.1. Profession of you parents;
Mother:
Father:
2.2. Estimated total income per month;
2.3. Educational Attainment;
2.4. Relationship Status

3. Students’ Academic Achievements in terms of:


3.1 GPA (Grade Point Average);
3.2. Academic Awards
4. Does way of living affects your academic achievements?
5. Is there a significant difference of relationship between the socio-economic
status and student’s academic achievements?
Gordon College
Senior High School Department
Olongapo City, Zambales

Scope and Delimitations of the Study

The scope of this study covered the correlation of socioeconomic status


and academic achievement of the students in Gordon College Senior High
Department, Olongapo City of Zambales. It includes the details of the 30
respondents’ (grade 11 students that has the academic distinction 10
respondents to Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics (STEM), 10
respondents to Humanities and Social Sciences, And 10 respondents to
Accountancy Business and Management (ABM)). Socio-demographic profile, age,
gender, religion, number of family members, and daily allowance as well as
parent’s background and the students’ academic background. The study also
included questions in terms of the respondent's perspective in relationship of
socioeconomic status and academic achievements.
Gordon College
Senior High School Department
Olongapo City, Zambales

Significance of the Study

This research study will be significant to the following:

Students. This will inspire them that the status of their lives will not
affect the achievements that they want to reach. As long as they have
perseverance and the will to do it, they can fulfill their long-term dream;

Parents. To make them understand the struggle that their child may face
if they have low socio-economic status. This study may also motivate them to
push their limits to make their lives better for their children;

School. By this study, the institutions of learning may give them


enlightenment that not every student has the capabilities to coincide with other
students that can provide all the requirements that the institution demands;

Future Researchers. By means of this study, this may serve as their


future basis for the development of this kind of study.
Gordon College
Senior High School Department
Olongapo City, Zambales

Definition of Terms

Socioeconomic. Field of study that examines social and economic factors to


better understand how the combinations of bother something.
Standardized. To change things so that they are similar and consistent and
agree with rules about what is proper and acceptable.
Accountability. An obligation or willingness to accept responsibility or to
account for one's actions.
Subgroup. Subordinate group whose members usually share some common
differential quality.
Inadequate. Lacking the quality or quantity required
Perseverance. The quality that allows someone to continue trying to do
something even though it is difficult.
Unconscionable. Going far beyond what is usual or proper.
Discrepancy. A difference especially between things that should be the same.
Heightened. To increase the amount, degree, or extent of something.
Disputable. To say or show that something may not be true, correct, or legal.