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Photos of Beidellite (4)

Cameron, Cameron Mining District, Coconino County, Arizona, USA


Cameron, Cameron Mining District, Coconino County, Arizona, USA


Cameron, Cameron Mining District, Coconino County, Arizona, USA


Cameron, Cameron Mining District, Coconino County, Arizona, USA

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About BeidelliteHide
Formula:(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 � nH2OColour:White, reddish, brownish-
grey.Lustre:WaxyHardness:1 - 2Crystal System:MonoclinicMember of:Smectite
GroupName:Named for the type locality at Beidell, Colorado, USA. Pronounced bei-
dell'-ite.Type Locality:? Beidell, Crystal Hill Mining District, Saguache Co.,
Colorado, USA
A member of the Smectite Group.
Beidellite-Saponite Series, Beidellite-Montmorillonite Series.

Classification of BeidelliteHide
IMA status:Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
Strunz 8th ed.:8/H.19-30
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) ed.:9.EC.40

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
C : Phyllosilicates with mica sheets, composed of tetrahedral and octahedral nets
Dana 8th ed.:71.3.1a.1

71 : PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings

3 : Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Hey's CIM Ref.:16.11.15

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals

11 : Aluminosilicates of Ca and Mg with or without alkalis
Physical Properties of BeidelliteHide
Colour:White, reddish, brownish-grey.
Hardness:1 - 2 on Mohs scale
Optical Data of BeidelliteHide
Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values:na = 1.494 - 1.503 n� = 1.525 - 1.532 n? = 1.526 - 1.533
2V:Measured: 9� to 16�, Calculated: 20�
Max Birefringence:
d = 0.032
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30�m thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Low
Chemical Properties of BeidelliteHide
Formula:(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 � nH2O
IMA Formula:(Na,Ca)0.3Al2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2 � nH2O
Elements listed:Al, Ca, H, Na, O, Si - search for minerals with similar chemistry
Common Impurities:Ti,K,Mg,Fe
Crystallography of BeidelliteHide
Crystal System:Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:a = 5.17 �, b = 8.97 �, c = 17.57 �
� = 90�
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.576 : 1 : 1.959
Unit Cell V:814.81 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Type Occurrence of BeidelliteHide
Type Locality:? Beidell, Crystal Hill Mining District, Saguache Co., Colorado, USA
Other Language Names for BeidelliteHide
Varieties of BeidelliteHide
Aluminium Montmorillonite A synthetic end-member in the montmorillonite series.
Chrome-Beidellite A chromian Beidellite
Ferribeidellite Fe(III)-bearing variety of beidellite.
Relationship of Beidellite to other SpeciesHide
Member of:Smectite Group
Other Members of this group:
Aliettite Ca0.2Mg6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 � 4H2O Mon.
Calcium-Montmorillonite Ca(Ca3,Al2)Si5O10(OH)8 or near
Ferrosaponite Ca0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 � 4H2O Mon.
Hectorite Na0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2 Mon.
Montmorillonite (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 � nH2O Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Nontronite Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 � nH2O Mon.
Pimelite Ni3Si4O10(OH)2�4H2O Hex.
Saliotite (Li,Na)Al3(AlSi3O10)(OH)5 Mon.
Saponite Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 � nH2O Mon.
Sauconite Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 � 4H2O Mon.
Stevensite (Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2 Mon.
Swinefordite Li(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 � nH2O Mon.
Vermiculite Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 � 8H2O Mon. 2/m
Volkonskoite Ca0.3(Cr,Mg,Fe)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 � 4H2O Mon.
Yakhontovite (Ca,Na)0.5(Cu,Fe,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 � 3H2O Mon.
Zincsilite Zn3Si4O10(OH)2 � 4H2O (?) Mon.
Forms a series with:
Montmorillonite Beidellite-Montmorillonite Series
Saponite Beidellite-Saponite Series
Common AssociatesHide
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
1 photo of Beidellite associated with Montmorillonite (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)
(OH)2 � nH2O
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide
9.EC. Balestraite KLi2V5+Si4O12 Mon. 2 : B2
9.EC.05 Minnesotaite Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2 Tric. 1 : P1
9.EC.05 Talc Mg3Si4O10(OH)2 Tric. 1 : P1
9.EC.05 Willemseite Ni3Si4O10(OH)2 Mon.
9.EC.9.EC. Voloshinite Rb(LiAl1.5?1.5)(Al0.5Si3.5)O10F2 Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.10 Ferripyrophyllite Fe3+Si2O5(OH) Mon.
9.EC.10 Pyrophyllite Al2Si4O10(OH)2 Tric. 1
9.EC.15 Boromuscovite KAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2 Mon.
9.EC.15 Celadonite K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2 Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15 Chernykhite (Ba,Na)(V3+,Al,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 Mon.
9.EC.15 Montdorite (K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)5(Si4O10)2(OH,F)4 Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15 Muscovite KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2 Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.15 Nanpingite CsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2 Mon.
9.EC.15 Paragonite NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2 Mon.
9.EC.15 Roscoelite K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2 Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.15 Tobelite (NH4,K)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2 Mon.
9.EC.15 Aluminoceladonite K(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2 Mon.
9.EC.15 Chromphyllite K(Cr,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2 Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.15 Ferroaluminoceladonite K(Fe2+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)(Si4O10)(OH)2 Mon. 2/m :
9.EC.15 Ferroceladonite K(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2 Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15 Chromceladonite K(Mg,Fe2+)(Cr,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2 Mon.
9.EC.15 Tainiolite KLiMg2(Si4O10)F2 Mon.
9.EC.15 Ganterite (Ba,Na,K)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2 Mon.
9.EC.20 Annite KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2 Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20 Ephesite NaLiAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2 Tric.
9.EC.20 Hendricksite KZn3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2 Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20 Masutomilite (K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2 Mon.
9.EC.20 Norrishite KLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2 Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20 Phlogopite KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2 Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20 Polylithionite KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2 Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.20 Preiswerkite NaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2 Mon.
9.EC.20 Siderophyllite KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2 Mon.
9.EC.20 Tetraferriphlogopite KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
9.EC.20 Fluorotetraferriphlogopite KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)F2 Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20 Wonesite (Na,K)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Al,Si)4O10)2(OH,F)4 Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20 Eastonite KMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2 Mon.
9.EC.20 Tetraferriannite KFe2+3(Si3Fe3+)O10(OH)2 Mon.
9.EC.20 Trilithionite K(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2 Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.20 Fluorannite KFe2+3(Si3Al)O10F2 Mon.
9.EC.20 Shirokshinite KNaMg2(Si4O10)F2 Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20 Shirozulite KMn2+3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2 Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20 Sokolovaite CsLi2Al(Si4O10)F2 Mon.
9.EC.20 Aspidolite NaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2 Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20 Fluorophlogopite KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2 Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20 UM2004-49-SiO:AlCsFHKLi (Cs,K)(Al,Li)2.6((Si,Al)4O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.20 Suhailite (NH4)Fe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2 Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20 Yangzhumingite KMg2.5(Si4O10)F2 Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20 Orlovite KLi2Ti(Si4O10)OF Mon. 2 : B2
9.EC.20 Oxyphlogopite K(Mg,Ti,Fe)3[(Si,Al)4O10](O,F)2 Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.30 Margarite CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2 Mon.
9.EC.35 Anandite (Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3((Si,Al,Fe)4O10)(S,OH)2 Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.35 Bityite LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2 Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.35 Clintonite Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2 Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.35 Kinoshitalite (Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2 Mon.
9.EC.35 Ferrokinoshitalite (Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH,F)2 Mon.
9.EC.35 Oxykinoshitalite (Ba,K)(Mg,Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(O,OH,F)2 Mon.
2/m : B2/m
9.EC.35 Fluorokinoshitalite BaMg3(Al2Si2O10)F2 Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.40 Kurumsakite (Zn,Ni,Cu)8Al8V5+2Si5O35 � 27H2O (?) Orth.
9.EC.40 Montmorillonite (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 � nH2O Mon. 2/m :
9.EC.40 Nontronite Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 � nH2O Mon.
9.EC.40 Volkonskoite Ca0.3(Cr,Mg,Fe)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 � 4H2O Mon.
9.EC.40 Yakhontovite (Ca,Na)0.5(Cu,Fe,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 � 3H2O Mon.
9.EC.45 Hectorite Na0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2 Mon.
9.EC.45 Saponite Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 � nH2O Mon.
9.EC.45 Sauconite Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 � 4H2O Mon.
9.EC.45 Spadaite MgSiO2(OH)2 � H2O (?)
9.EC.45 Stevensite (Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2 Mon.
9.EC.45 Swinefordite Li(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 � nH2O Mon.
9.EC.45 Zincsilite Zn3Si4O10(OH)2 � 4H2O (?) Mon.
9.EC.45 Ferrosaponite Ca0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 � 4H2O Mon.
9.EC.50 Vermiculite Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 � 8H2O Mon. 2/m
9.EC.55 Baileychlore (Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8 Tric. 1
9.EC.55 Chamosite (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8 Mon.
9.EC.55 Clinochlore Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8 Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.55 Cookeite (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8 Mon. 2/m
9.EC.55 Franklinfurnaceite Ca2Fe3+Mn2+3Mn3+(Zn2Si2O10)(OH)8 Mon. 2 : B2
9.EC.55 Gonyerite (Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8 Orth.
9.EC.55 Nimite (Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8 Mon.
9.EC.55 Orthochamosite (Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
9.EC.55 Pennantite Mn2+5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8 Tric.
9.EC.55 Sudoite Mg2Al3(Si3Al)O10)(OH)8 Mon.
9.EC.55 Donbassite Al4.33(AlSi3O10)(OH)8 Mon. 2 : B2
9.EC.55 Glagolevite Na(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8 Tric. 1 : P1
9.EC.55 Borocookeite Li1+3xAl4-x(BSi3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.60 Aliettite Ca0.2Mg6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 � 4H2O Mon.
9.EC.60 Corrensite (Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 � nH2O Orth.
9.EC.60 Dozyite Mg7Al2(Al2Si4O15)(OH)12 Mon.
9.EC.60 Hydrobiotite K(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 � nH2O Mon.
9.EC.60 Karpinskite (Ni,Mg)2Si2O5(OH)2 (?) Mon.
9.EC.60 Kulkeite Mg8Al(AlSi7O20)(OH)10 Mon.
9.EC.60 Lunijianlaite Li0.7Al6.2(AlSi7O20)(OH,O)10 Mon.
9.EC.60 Rectorite (Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 � 2H2O Mon.
9.EC.60 Saliotite (Li,Na)Al3(AlSi3O10)(OH)5 Mon.
9.EC.60 Tosudite Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 � 5H2O Mon. 2 : B2
9.EC.60 Brinrobertsite Na0.3Al4(Si4O10)2(OH)4 � 3.5 H2O Mon.
9.EC.65 Macaulayite (Fe,Al)24Si4O43(OH)2 Mon.
9.EC.70 Burckhardtite Pb2(Fe3+Te6+)[AlSi3O8]O6 Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
9.EC.75 Ferrisurite (Pb,Ca)2.4Fe3+2(Si4O10)(CO3)1.7(OH)3 � nH2O Mon.
9.EC.75 Surite (Pb,Ca)3(Al,Fe2+,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(CO3)2(OH)2 Mon.
9.EC.75 Niksergievite (Ba,Ca)2Al3(AlSi3O10)(CO3)(OH)6 � nH2O Mon.
9.EC.80 Kegelite Pb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8 Mon.