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2 Animal Kingdom (General Accounts & Non-Chordates) Solutions of Assignment

Sol. Answer (2)

Chapter 10 Digestive tract with two openings, mouth for ingestion and anus for egestion is known as complete digestive
system.

4. In closed circulatory system

Animal Kingdom (1) The cells and tissues are directly bathed in the blood pumped out by heart
(2) Arteries and veins are lacking

(General Accounts & Non-Chordates) (3) The capillaries are largest blood vessels and closed at their ends
(4) Blood circulates through a series of vessels of varying diameters
Sol. Answer (4)
Closed circulatory system is a type of blood vascular system in which blood flows inside blood vessels of varying
Solutions diameter (arteries, veins, capillaries) without coming in direct contact with body cells. Closed circulatory system
is observed in annelids, cephalopod molluscs, chordates.

5. Which of the following fundamental feature is common to Balanoglossus, Anopheles and Laccifer without any
SECTION - A
exception?
Objective Type Questions
(1) Marine habitat (2) Members of largest phylum of animal kingdom
(Metazoa, Basis of Classification)
(3) Open circulatory system (4) External fertilisation
1. Which of the following statements is not true?
(1) All members of the kingdom Animalia are multicellular Sol. Answer (3)

(2) Nature of coelom is used as one of the basis of animal classification Balanoglossus – Belongs to phylum Hemichordata.
(3) There is no need of classification now as over a million species of animals have been described till now Anopheles – Belongs to phylum Arthropoda
(4) The arrangement of cells in the body is one of the classifying feature of the animals
Laccifer – Belongs to phylum Arthropoda
Sol. Answer (3)
Both Hemichordate and Arthropoda have open circulatory system, without any exception.
In kingdom animalia, till now over a million species have been described. Animalia is largest kingdom, with
over 1.2 million members. Due to such large number of member species, the need for classification becomes
more important. 6. Match the animals in Column-I with their common names in Column-II

Column-I Column-II
2. The only incorrectly matched pair is
Phylum Level of organisation a. Limulus (i) Tusk shell

(1) Porifera – Cellular level b. Ophiura (ii) Tapeworm


(2) Cnidaria – Tissue level c. Taenia (iii) Brain coral
(3) Annelida – Organ level only
d. Meandrina (iv) King crab
(4) Mollusca – Organ system level
e. Dentalium (v) Brittle star
Sol. Answer (3)
(1) Porifera – Cellular level (1) a(v), b(iv), c(ii), d(iii), e(i) (2) a(iv), b(v), c(ii), d(iii), e(i)

(2) Cnidaria – Tissue level (3) a(v), b(ii), c(iii), d(i), e(iv) (4) a(iv), b(v), c(iii), d(i), e(ii)
(3) Annelida – Organ-system level Sol. Answer (2)
(4) Mollusca – Organ-system level
a. Limulus – King crab – Living fossil
3. A complete digestive system has b. Ophiura – Brittle star – Phylum Echinodermata
(1) Single opening that serves as both mouth and anus
c. Taenia – Tapeworm – Phylum Platyhelminthes
(2) Two openings, one as mouth and other as anus
d. Meandrina – Brain coral – Class Anthozoa, Phylum – Cnidaria
(3) Single opening that acts as mouth only
(4) Two openings, both act as mouth as well as anus e. Dentalium – Tusk shell – Class Scaphopoda, Phylum – Mollusca

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(Classification of Animals) Sol. Answer (1)


• Phylum : Porifera In porifera skeleton is made by two types of cells.
 Scleroblast : They secrete spicules. In calcareous sponges, they are called calcoblast and in silicious
7. Mesoglea is sponges, they are called silicoblast.
(1) A germinal layer present between ectoderm and endoderm  Spongioblast : They secrete spongin fibre of mesohyal layer in sponges.
(2) An undifferentiated layer present between ectoderm and endoderm
11. Water enters the body of sponges through
(3) Another name of mesoderm
(1) Osculum (2) Hypostome (3) Muscular pharynx (4) Ostia
(4) A spongy layer of skin
Sol. Answer (4)
Sol. Answer (2)
Sponges are also called as porifera, means pore bearing animals. Sponges have perforated body with numerous
In diploblastic animals, developing embryo has only two germinal layers i.e. external ectoderm and internal opening called ostia. Through ostia water enters inside sponges.
endoderm. Mesoderm layer is not present between ectoderm and endoderm but an undifferentiated, jelly like
layer is present between them. This undifferentiated layer is called Mesoglea. A larger opening through which water flows out of sponge is called osculum. So porifera have enumerate mouth
like pore called ostia for entry of water and single large pore for exit of water called osculum.
Mesoglea Ectoderm

Endoderm 12. All of the following statements are correct for Poriferans, except
(1) Eggs and sperms are produced by the same individual
(2) They are generally marine and mostly asymmetrical animals
(3) They reproduce sexually as well as asexually
(4) They have an extracellular type of digestion
Sol. Answer (4)
Sponges are hermaphrodite i.e. male and female gamete is produced by same individual. Most of sponges are
Germinal layers in diploblastic animals
marine and asymmetric animals. Both sexual and asexual reproduction occur in them.
8. The pecularity of sponges is Sponges have intracellular digestion as food is digested with in food vacuoles inside the cells. There is no
extracellular digestion in sponges.
(1) Canal system (2) Water vascular system
• Phylum : Coelenterata
(3) Central gastro vascular cavity (4) Bioluminescence
Sol. Answer (1) 13. Which of the following is not the function of cnidoblasts?
Canal system is peculiar property of sponges where canal system is a system of interconnected chambers, (1) Digestion of food (2) Anchorage (3) Defense (4) Capture of prey
canals and their openings.
Sol. Answer (1)
Also water vascular system is peculiar property of Echinoderms. Central gastrovascular cavity is property of Cnidoblast are stinging cells of phylum cnidaria/ctenophora. Projecting cnidoblast act as organ for offence and
cnidarians. Bioluminescence is property of ctenophora. defense.
 Cnidoblast help in capturing the prey by coiling around the prey.
9. Choanocytes are present in
 Cnidoblast protect cnidarian by either paralyzing or killing other animal with help of toxin and spines.
(1) Physalia (2) Sycon (3) Pleurobrachia (4) Echinus
 Cnidoblast secrete sticky substances which provide anchorage for locomotion.
Sol. Answer (2)
Choanocytes or collar cells are characteristic cells of porifers/sponges. In sponges, canal and spongocoel are 14. Coelenterates are
internally lined by choanocytes. (1) Asymmetric animals (2) Radially symmetric animals
In options, Physalia belongs to cnidaria/coelenterata. Sycon belongs to porifera/sponges. (3) Bilaterally symmetric animals (4) Spherically symmetric animals

Pleurobrachia belongs to ctenophora. Sol. Answer (2)


Coelenterates are radially symmetric animals. In radially symmetric animals any plane passing through centre,
Echinus is a sea-urchins and belongs to Echinodermata.
divide organism in two identical halves.

10. In Poriferans, the skeleton is made up of 15. Digestion in coelenterates is


(1) Spongin fibres and spicules (2) Calcareous ossicles (1) Only intracellular (2) Only extracellular
(3) Chitinous spicules (4) Cartilage (3) Both extracellular and intracellular (4) Not required

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Sol. Answer (3) 21. Bioluminescence is well-marked in which of the following phyla?
Digestion is both extracellular as well as intracellular in cnidaria. Firstly there is extracellular digestion in (1) Ctenophora (2) Mollusca (3) Hemichordata (4) Annelida
gastrovascular cavity and then intracellular digestion involving gastrodermal muscular endothelial cells. Sol. Answer (1)
Bioluminescence is property of production and emission of light by a living organism.
16. Metagenesis can be seen in
This property is well maked in ctenophores. Most ctenophores emit light by special light producing cells called
(1) Adamsia (2) Hydra (3) Physalia (4) Meandrina photocytes.
Sol. Answer (3)
• Phylum : Platyhelminthes, Aschelminthes
Metagenesis (alteration of generation), where cnidarians exist in both forms of life i.e., cylindrical, sessile polyp
form and umbrella shaped free-swimming medusa form. 22. Which specialised cells are present for excretion in the phylum platyhelminthes?
(1) Collar cells (2) Cnidoblasts (3) Flame cells (4) Nematocytes
e.g. Obelia, Physalia
Sol. Answer (3)
Obelia and Physalia belong to class hydrozoa.
Flame cells are specialised cells of platyhelminthes which help in excretion as well as osmoregulation. Flame
17. Which of the following is not a characteristic feature of cnidarians? cells are named so, because of their flickering flame like appearance. Flame cells are also called protonephridia.

(1) They exhibit tissue level of organisation (2) They may be aquatic or terrestrial 23. High regeneration capacity is possessed by
(3) They may be sessile or free-swimming (4) They are diploblastic animals (1) Aurelia (2) Pheretima (3) Bombyx (4) Planaria
Sol. Answer (2) Sol. Answer (4)
All cnidarians possess aquatic habitat. They are not terrestrial animals. Regeneration is ability of organism to replace its lost or damaged part or ability to develop complete and normal
• Phylum : Ctenophora individual from a part of body. Planaria (Dugesia) have high regeneration power.

24. The aschelminthes are commonly called roundworms because


18. Comb jellies are _______ and jelly fishes are _______ respectively.
(1) They have a round body (2) Their body is circular in cross-section
(1) Echinoderms, Ctenophores (2) Ctenophores, Echinoderms
(3) They have bilaterally symmetric body (4) Their body have a round visceral hump
(3) Ctenophores, Cnidarians (4) Cnidarians, Echinoderms
Sol. Answer (2)
Sol. Answer (3)
In aschelminthes body is commonly cylindrical and elongated, tapering at both ends. In a cross section, body
Comb jellies belong to phylum ctenophora. Comb jellies bear eight median comb plates. These comb plates appears round or circular. Because of this body form, the animals are called round worms.
bear cillia which fuses to form ciliated plates, giving them comb like appearance.
Jelly fishes belong to phylum cnidaria. 25. All of the following are monoecious, except
(1) Fasciola (2) Spongilla (3) Ascaris (4) Ctenoplana
19. The ciliated comb plates in Pleurobrachia are meant for
Sol. Answer (3)
(1) Reproduction (2) Digestion (3) Protection (4) Locomotion Animals having both female and male sex organs in same organism are called monoecious, bisexual,
Sol. Answer (4) hermaphrodite. Spongilla (fresh water sponge), ctenoplana (ctenophora) and Fasciola (liver fluke) are monoecious
or bisexual organisms. Ascaris are dioecious (unisexual), where male and females are distinct or different from
Pleurobrachia (Sea gooseberry) belongs to phylum ctenophora. Ctenophores bear eight median comb plates.
each other.
These comb plates bear cilia which are fused to make these plates ciliated. The ciliated comb plates help in
locomotion. 26. Hookworm is the common name of

20. Ctenoplana belongs to a group of animals which are best described as (1) Wuchereria (2) Ancylostoma (3) Taenia (4) Fasciola
Sol. Answer (2)
(1) Unicellular with tissue level of organisation
Common name for Wuchereria is filarial worm
(2) Multicellular with radially symmetrical body
Common name for Ancyclostoma is hook worm
(3) Multicellular with organ level of organisation
Common name for Taenia soluim is pork tapeworm
(4) Unicellular with bilaterally symmetrical bodies
Common name for Fasciola is liver fluke
Sol. Answer (2)
Ctenoplana belong to phylum ctenophora. Ctenophores are multicellular animals, which are radially symmetric 27. Mesoderm is present as scattered pouches in between the ectoderm and endoderm in
and have tissue level of organization. (1) Annelids (2) Echinoderms (3) Molluscs (4) Aschelminthes
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Sol. Answer (4) Sol. Answer (2)


Aschelminthes are pseudocoelomate where body cavity is present but it is not completely lined by mesoderm, Notochord is a supporting structure, part of internal skeleton found only in chordates.
but mesoderm is present as scattered pouches between ectoderm and endoderm. Nervecord is part of nervous system, mesodermal in origin and is found in both chordates and non-chordates.
Notochord is formed on dorsal side in chordate while nerve cord is ventral in non-chordates and dorsal in
28. In Aschelminthes the excretory tube removes body wastes from the body cavity through chordates.
(1) Excretory pore (2) Malpighian tubules Earthworm belong to phylum annelid, i.e. non-chordate. So earthworm does not have notochord and nerve cord
(3) Flame cells (4) Diffusion from body surface is ventral in position.
Sol. Answer (1)
34. The body segments in earthworm are called
An excretory tube is present in aschelminthes, which removes body waste through excretory pore. This
excretory tube collects body waste from body cavity and removes it out through excretory pore. (1) Comb plates (2) Spicules (3) Metameres (4) Ganglia
Sol. Answer (3)
29. The only phylum bearing pseudocoelom is
Earthworm (Annelid) have metamerically segmented body, where body is externally and internally divided into
(1) Annelida (2) Porifera (3) Aschelminthes (4) Platyhelminthes
segments. These repeated segments are called metameres or somites.
Sol. Answer (3)
• Phylum : Arthropoda
Only phylum aschelminthes are pseudocoelomate animals where body cavity is present but it is not completely
lined by mesoderm, but mesoderm is present as scattered pouches between ectoderm and endoderm.
35. The chitinous exoskeleton is possessed by
30. Ascaris has all of the following features, except (1) Annelids (2) Arthropods (3) Molluscs (4) Echinoderms
(1) Complete digestive system (2) Indirect development Sol. Answer (2)
(3) External fertilisation (4) Parasitic life
Arthropods possess exoskeleton of chitin reinforced with protein or calcium carbonate. Presence of chitin
Sol. Answer (3) exoskeleton favours survival of arthropod in different environment and supports their universal occurrence.
Ascaris belong to phylum Aschelminthes. Ascaris have complete oligestive system with two openings, mouth
and anus. Development is indirect with rhabditoid or rhabditiform larvae. 36. Which function is served by the tracheal system in insects?
Ascaris is common endoparasite in small intestine of man and undergo internal fertilisation only. (1) Sensation (2) Respiration (3) Both (1) & (2) (4) Digestion
There is no external fertilisation in Ascaris. Sol. Answer (2)
• Phylum : Annelida
Various types of respiratory structures are present in different groups of arthropods.
31. Metameric segmentation is exhibited by which of the following animal? Tracheal system is a network of air tubes which constitute main organ of respiration in many arthropods
(1) Adamsia (2) Euspongia (3) Ascaris (4) Pheretima including insects.
Sol. Answer (4)
37. Honey is the commercial product of which of the following animal?
In metameric segmentation animal body is devided both externally and internally into distinct portions callled
metameres or segments. (1) Bombyx (2) Laccifer (3) Apis (4) Aedes
In annelida phylum both external and internal segmentation is present i.e. body of annelids is metamerically Sol. Answer (3)
segmented.
Apis-honeybee, produces two main products honey and beewax. Honey is used as food as well as in
Pheretima commonly called earthworm is are annelid belonging to class oligochaeta. medicines.

32. ________ in the earthworm perform the function similar to flame cells in Taenia.
38. The statement which does not stand true for arthropods is
(1) Parapodia (2) Nephridia
(1) They have an open circulatory system
(3) Metameres (4) Ganglia
(2) Their body is divided into head, thorax and abdomen
Sol. Answer (2)
As Taenia (platyhelminthes) have specialized flame cells for excretion, similarly earthworm have coiled (3) They are segmented and coelomate animals
specialized cells called nephridia for excretion of wastes (4) Fertilisation is usually external in them

33. Notochord in earthworm is ______ and nerve cord is _____. Sol. Answer (4)

(1) Dorsal, Ventral (2) Absent, Ventral Arthropods have open circulatory system, possess true coelom and are schizocoelomate (body cavity is formed
by splitting of mesoderm). Arthropods have segmented body, fertilisation is usually internal in Arthropods.
(3) Ventral, absent (4) Absent, Dorsal

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39. The phylum Arthropoda is named so because of presence of 44. Precious pearls are obtained from which of the following animals?
(1) Jointed appendages (2) Segmentation (1) Pinctada (2) Dentalium (3) Sepia (4) Aplysia
(3) Chitinous exoskeleton (4) Organ-system level of organisation Sol. Answer (1)
Sol. Answer (1) Pinctada belonging to class Pelecypoda (Bivalvia) of phylum mollusca are famous for pearl formation.
Arthro means jointed and Poda means appendages. Pinctada is also called as pearl oyster.
So arthropoda have jointed appendages which is characteristic feature of all arthropods and gives the phylum
its name. 45. Radula is meant for
(1) Sensation (2) Feeding
40. Statocysts are the (3) Egg laying (4) Protection from predators
(1) Lateral locomotory appendages in annelids (2) Suckers present in parasitic platyhelminthes Sol. Answer (2)
(3) Balance organs in arthropods (4) Stinging capsules in cnidarians Mouth of molluscs contain file like rasping organ, with transverse rows of chitinous teeth, this is called radula.
Sol. Answer (3) Radula is feeding or rasping organ in molluscs.
Statocysts are the sense organs, which are meant for sense of balance in arthropods.
• Phylum : Echinodermata
41. Match Column-I with Column-II
46. All of the following are echinoderms, except
Column-I Column-II
(1) Sea lily (2) Sea cucumber (3) Sea hare (4) Sea urchin
a. A vector of disease (i) Bombyx Sol. Answer (3)
b. A gregarious pest (ii) Limulus Sea lily belong to crinoidea class of phylum echinodermata. Sea cucumber belong to holothuroidea class of
c. A living fossil (iii) Locusta phylum echinodermata.
d. An economically important insect (iv) Culex Sea urchin belong to echinoidea class of phylum echinodermata. Sea hare is Aplysia, belong to class
gastropoda of phylum mollusc.
(1) a(iii), b(ii), c(i), d(iv) (2) a(i), b(ii), c(iii), d(iv)
(3) a(ii), b(iv), c(iii), d(i) (4) a(iv), b(iii), c(ii), d(i) 47. The calcareous ossicles in echinoderms form the
Sol. Answer (4) (1) Exoskeleton (2) Visceral hump (3) Notochord (4) Endoskeleton
a. A vector of disease – Culex mosquito – (Vector of filarial worm causes filariasis) Sol. Answer (4)
b. A gregarious pest – Locusta – (Live in group, but not help each other) Echinoderms possess an endoskeleton (internal skeleton) of calcareous ossicles (small bones), embedded in
c. A living fossil – Limulus – Limulus (king crab or horse shoe crab) skin. The endoskeleton is derived from mesoderm in echinodermates.

d. An economically – Bombyx – Produces silk important insect 48. The larval stage in Asterias is
• Phylum : Mollusca (a) Absent

42. Body of molluscs is (b) Free-swimming

(1) Unsegmented (c) Bilaterally symmetrical

(2) Covered by a calcareous shell (d) Radially symmetrical

(3) Divided into distinct head, muscular foot and visceral hump (1) Only (a) (2) (b) & (c) (3) (b) & (d) (4) Only (c)

(4) All of these Sol. Answer (2)


Asterias is star fish, belong to phylum echinodermata. Echinoderms are free-living animals. Adult echinoderms
Sol. Answer (4)
are radially symmetric but larval forms are bilaterally symmetric in echinoderms.
Molluscs have unsegmented body, can be covered by shell made of calcium carbonate. Body of mollusc is
normally divided into head, foot and visceral mass. 49. The water vascular system in phylum echinodermata helps in
(1) Locomotion, capture and transport of food (2) Excretion
43. Which of the following structure helps in excretion and respiration in molluscs?
(3) Respiration (4) All of these
(1) Nephridia (2) Feather-like gills
Sol. Answer (4)
(3) Flame cells (4) Tentacles
Water vascular system is most distinctive feature of echinoderms.
Sol. Answer (2)
Water vascular system in echinoderms perform function of locomotion, capture and transport of food, respiration
The mantle cavity of molluscs, encloses feather like gills which help in respiration as well as excretion.
as well as excretion.
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50. Which organ system is lacking in the animals that bear water vascular system?
SECTION - B
(1) Nervous system (2) Excretory system (3) Circulatory system (4) Sensory system
Objective Type Questions
Sol. Answer (2)
(Metazoa, Basis of Classification)
Water vascular system is characteristic feature of echinoderms. In echinoderms, specialised excretory system
is absent. The excretory products diffuse out from the body tissue into coelomic fluid from where waste is 1. Which of the following groups of animals have closed circulatory system?
eliminated out. (1) Cockroach, locust, molluscs (2) Non-cephalopod molluscs, cockroach
(3) Cephalopod molluscs and earthworm (4) Hemichordates and non-cephalopod molluscs
• Phylum : Hemichordata
Sol. Answer (3)
51. Cylindrical bodied, worm-like marine animals belong to the phylum: In closed circulatory system, blood circulates through a series of blood vessels of varying diameter i.e. arteries,
veins and capillaries, without coming in direct contact with body cells. Closed circulatory system is found in
(1) Echinodermata (2) Mollusca (3) Coelenterata (4) Hemichordata
Annelids, cephalopod molluscs, choradates.
Sol. Answer (4)
Earthworm belongs to phylum annelida.
Hemichordates have soft, fragile worm like appearance. The body is cylindrical in shape and is divisible in three
parts: 2. Which of the following groups of animals is bilaterally symmetrical and triploblastic?

Proboscis, collar and trunk. (1) Sponges (2) Coelenterates (Cnidarians)


(3) Aschelminthes (Round worms) (4) Ctenophores
52. The body of hemichordates is divided into
Sol. Answer (3)
(1) Head, muscular foot and visceral hump (2) Head, thorax and abdomen
Sponges – Diploblastic, assymetric or radially symmetric
(3) Proboscis, collar and trunk (4) Proboscis and trunk
Coelenterates (cnidaria) – Diploblastic, radially symmetric
Sol. Answer (3)
Aschelminthes – Triploblastic, bilaterally symmetric
Body of hemichordate is divisible into proboscis, collar and trunk. Ctenophores – Diploblastic, radially symmetric
53. The phylum which was earlier considered as a sub-phylum under chordata but now placed as a separate
phylum, in non-chordates is 3. Coelom derived from blastocoel is known as

(1) Urochordata (2) Hemichordata (3) Cephalochordata (4) Vertebrata (1) Pseudocoelom (2) Schizocoel
(3) Haemocoel (4) Enterocoelom
Sol. Answer (2)
Sol. Answer (1)
Name hemichordates literally means half chordates and act as link between chordate and non chordate.
In pseudocoleomate, body cavity is not lined by mesoderm by there are scattered pouches of mesoderm
Hemichordata was earlier considered as sub phylum under phylum chordata, but now it is placed as separate between ectoderm and endoderm.
phylum under non-chordata.
54. Proboscis gland is a/an 4. Schizocoelomates and enterocoelomates are
(1) Acoelomates (2) True coelomates
(1) Endocrine organ (2) Excretory organ (3) Feeding organ (4) Reproductive organ
(3) Vertebrates (4) Echinoderms only
Sol. Answer (2)
Sol. Answer (2)
Excretion of nitrogenous waste in hemichordates takes place through proboscis gland. The gland collects waste
from blood and pass it into coelom of proboscis from where it is excreted through proboscis pore, at anterior Eucoelomates are true coelomates, where body cavity is lined by mesoderm on both sides.
region of proboscis. Based on mode of formation of coelom, eucoelomates are of two types:
55. Which of the following set of animals belong to phylum hemichordata? a. Schizocoelom : Body cavity develops by splitting of mesoderm. It is found in annelids and arthropods.

(1) Balanoglossus, Saccoglossus b. Enterocoelom : Mesoderm arises from wall of embryonic gut or enteron as hollow outgrowths. It occurs
in echinoderms and chordates.
(2) Salpa, Doliolum
(3) Petromyzon, Myxine 5. One of the following can’t be taken as the character of non-chordates
(1) Absence of notochord (2) Heart is ventral
(4) Dentalium, Chaetopleura
(3) Gill slits are absent (4) Chitinous exoskeleton present
Sol. Answer (1)
Sol. Answer (2)
Balanoglossus (Tongue worm), Saccoglossus (Tongue worm) belong to phylum hemichordata.

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Characteristic of chordates are : 8. Which of the following statement is incorrect?


a. Absence of notochord – in non-chordates, notochord is absent (1) Receptors for taste are located in the feet of insects
b. Heart is present in dorsal in position in non-chordates (2) The development of echinoderms includes a free-swimming dipleura larva
c. Gills slits are absent (3) Flame cells in flatworms are for excretion and osmoregulation
d. In some non chordate e.g. arthropod, chitin exoskeleton is present (4) Alternation of asexual and sexual phases in life cycle of Hydra is called metagenesis
Heart is dorsal, not ventral in non chordates. Sol. Answer (4)
Correct statement would be -
6. Column II below consists of brief descriptions of organisms in column I. Which of the following is incorrect
There is no alternation of asexual and sexual phases in life cycle of Hydra, called metagenesis.
match between column I and column II?
Column I Column II
(Classification of Animals)
(1) Millipede – A terrestrial organism with two pairs of jointed appendages attached to each of its
• Phylum : Porifera
many body segments and respires through trachea.
9. Canal system of porifera is not connected with
(2) Nereis – Numerous setae on lateral appendages called parapodia.
(1) Food gathering (2) Respiratory gas exchange
(3) Taenia solium – Body is covered with cuticle, alimentary canal absent.
(3) Removal of waste (4) Locomotion
(4) Ctenophores – Radially symmetrical, devoid of cnidoblasts, polyp stage present in their life cycle.
Sol. Answer (4)
Sol. Answer (4)
Poriferans are sessile organisms and remain attached to substratum. Poriferans do not show locomotion. In
Option (4) is in correctly matched as correct match will be sponges canal system performs function of food gathering, gas exchange during respiration, removal of waste
(1) Millipede – Terrestrial organism with two pairs of – Class diplopoda phylum arthropoda product. Canal system does not help in locomotion.
appendages attached to each of its
many body segments and respire through 10. Statement-1 : Choanocytes are characteristic cells of porifera.
trachea Statement-2 : In sycon type canal system, both radial and incurrent canals are lined by choanocytes.
(2) Nereis – Numerous setae on lateral appendages – Class polychaeta phylum annelida (1) Both statement (1) and (2) are correct (2) Statement (1) is correct and (2) is incorrect
called parapodia
(3) Statement (1) is incorrect and (2) is correct (4) Both statements (1) and (2) are incorrect
(3) Taenia solium – Body is covered with cuticle alimentary – Class cestoda phylum platyhelminthes
Sol. Answer (2)
canal is absent
(4) Ctenophores – Radially symmetric animals, devoid of – Phylum ctenophora 11. Which of the following statements is without exception for sponges?
cnidoblast, no polyp like stage is present
in their life cycle (1) They all have calcareous spicules (2) They have high regenerative power
(3) They are found only in marine water (4) They are all radially symmetric
7. The appropriate sequence of numbered animals from column II matching with the sequence of larvae in Sol. Answer (2)
column I is
Sponge may undergo fragmentation due to mechanical injury or decay of older parts. Each fragment develop
Column I Column II into complete sponge. Sponges possess high degree of regeneration. Even the cells of crushed sponge can
a. Planula (i) Mussell regroup to form sponge.
b. Glochidium (ii) Crab • Phylum : Coelenterata, Ctenophora
c. Nauplius (iii) Obelia
12. In Hydra, waste materials after digestion and nitrogenous waste materials are removed from
d. Cysticercus (iv) Nereis
(1) Mouth only (2) Body wall only
(v) Taenia solium
(3) Mouth and body wall respectively (4) Mouth and tentacles respectively
(1) a(iv), b(i), c(ii), d(v) (2) a(ii), b(i), c(v), d(iii) (3) a(iii), b(i), c(ii), d(v) (4) a(i), b(iii), c(ii), d(v)
Sol. Answer (3)
Sol. Answer (3)
Cnidarians are ammonotelic and have incomplete digestive system, having single opening for entry and exist
Appropriate match is of substances. Excretion in cnidarian occurs through mouth and through body surface via diffusion.
a. Planula larva – Obelia (cnidaria) 13. Which of the following cells are present only in the epidermis of Hydra?
b. Glochidium larva – Mussel (class pelecypoda) (phylum mollusca) (A) Interstitial cells (B) Cnidoblasts
c. Nauplius larva – Crab (class crustacea) (phylum arthropoda) (C) Sensory cells (D) Germ cells
d. Cysticercus larva – Taenia solium (class cestoda) (phylum platyhelminthes) (1) B and C (2) B only (3) B and D (4) A, B, C and D
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Sol. Answer (3) 18. Cysticercus larva of Taenia develops in


Interstitial cells – Totipotent cells which give rise to all different cells of body in epidermis layer of (1) Man (2) Goat
cnidarians (3) Sheep (4) Pig
Cnidoblast – Are stinging cells, in epidermis layer of cnidarians cnidoblast in characteristic Sol. Answer (4)
feature of cnidarians
Life cycle of Taenia
Sensory cells – Scattered through out epidermis, but sensory cells are also observed in animals Adult tapeworm
of other phyla
14. Obelia is characterised by Attach to intestinal
wall
A. Ciliated free swimming planula larva Apolysis (Ripe or gravid proglottid loaded
with eggs passes out in feaces)
B. Metagenesis Scolex invaginates

C. Acraspedote medusa
Primary host
D. Statocysts present in medusoid stage (human)
Measly pork cysticerci
(1) A and B (2) B only larvae

(3) A, B & D (4) A, B, C & D


Capsules (Gravid proglottids)
Sol. Answer (3)
Encapsulate and
Obelia (sea fur) belong to class hydrozoa, phylum cnidaria. After fertilization in Obelia ciliated free swimming form cysti cerrcus larvae
In open
larva-planula is formed. Obelia show alternation of generations or metagenesis. Medusae are sexual forms and
bear true velum, marked by narrow they like ridge. Such medusa are called craspedote medusae. Secondary host Hexacanth larvae
(Pig) (have six hooks)
15. Which of the following coral reefs is horse shoe shaped reef that encircles a lagoon but not an island?
Enter striated pig
(1) Atoll reef (2) Fringing reefs muscles
(3) Barrier reefs (4) Hawaiian island
Sol. Answer (1)
An atoll reef is also called coral island or lagoon island which is circular or horse shoe shaped reef that Larvae get
encircles a lagoon but not an island. It may be complete or broken by a number of channels. activated by In stomach of pig,
bile salts and outer cover is lost
e.g. - Lakshdweep and Maldive islands in Indian Ocean. penetrated through
walls of intestine
Enter pig
intestine
16. Biradial symmetry and lack of cnidoblasts are the characteristics of
(1) Hydra and Aurelia (2) Aurelia and Adamsia So cysticerci larva of taenia develop in pig and is infective stage for humans.
(3) Ctenoplana and Pleurobrachia (4) Aurelia and Paramoecium
19. Free swimming ciliated larva of liver fluke is
Sol. Answer (3)
(1) Redia (2) Miracidium (3) Metacercaria (4) Cercaria
Biradial symmetry and lack of cnidoblast is feature of ctenophora phylum. Ctenoplana and Pleurobrachia belong
to class ctenophora. Sol. Answer (2)
Miracidium larva is free-swimming larvae of Fasciola and have ciliated epidermis.
• Phylum : Platyhelminthes
Miracidium larva is infective stage for secondary host i.e. snail during life cycle of Fasciola.
17. The presence of a special sense organ statocyst at the opposite end of mouth that is (aboral end) is the characteristic
of 20. One example of animals having a single opening to the outside that serves both as mouth as well as anus
(1) Cnidarians is
(2) Platyhelminthes (1) Fasciola (2) Ancylostoma (3) Asterias (4) Ascidia
(3) Ctenophora Sol. Answer (1)
(4) Nematodes
Animals having single opening to outside that function as mouth as well as anus, have incomplete digestive
Sol. Answer (3) system. Platyhelminthes have incomplete digestive system e.g.- Fasciola Ancyclostoma (Aschelminthes),
Ctenophora have special sense organs called statocyst at opposite end of mouth (aboral end), is characteristic Asterias (Echinodermata), Ascidia (Urochordate) have complete digestive system with two separate opening,
feature of phylum ctenophora. mouth and anus.

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21. In contrast to Annelids, the Platyhelminthes show 26. Syncytial epidermis is present in
(1) Absence of body cavity (2) Bilateral symmetry (1) Aurelia (2) Ascaris (3) Asterias (4) Astraea
(3) Radial symmetry (4) Presence of pseudocoel Sol. Answer (2)

Sol. Answer (1) Syncytial epidermis is present in Ascaris (Aschelminthes). In body wall of Ascaris, below cuticle is present
syncytial epidermis. Syncytial epidermis have fused cells or cells are not distinct and appear like multinucleated
Platyhelminthes does not have body cavity lined with mesoderm, hence are aceolomate but annelids are layer.
schizocoelomate, true coelomate, body cavity is lined by mesoderm.
27. An individual bathing in an infected pool or coming in contact with contaminated water is liable to be infected
with ________. The ________ larva stick to the surface of the skin of swimmer or bather, and penetrate the
22. Which of the following is not a digenetic worm? skin.
(1) Fasciola (2) Wuchereria (3) Enterobius (4) Taenia (1) Ancylostoma, IInd Juvenile (2) Bilharzia, Cercaria
Sol. Answer (3) (3) Schistosoma, Metacercariae (4) Bilharzia, Redia
Digenetic worms are worms having two hosts to complete its life cycle Sol. Answer (2)
 Fasciola, primary host is sheep and goat and secondary host is snail (Limnaea) and (Planorbis) Schistosomiasis or Bilharzia is a disease caused by parasitic worm, Schistosoma. Disease is caused by
 Wuchereria, primary host is human and secondary host is Culex mosquito parasites, which are released from fresh water snail. Human get infected when they come in contact with
infected water.
 Enterobius, (Pin worm) is monogenetic, i.e. complete life cycle in single host which is humans
Carcaria larva, develop during life cycle of Schistosoma, infect humans by attaching and penetrating skin.
 Taenia, primary host is human and secondary host is pig or cow, buffalo, sheep
28. Which of the following statements are correct about the life cycle of Ascaris lumbricoides?
23. The characteristics of a tapeworm are
A. Infective agent - Embryonated egg with II Juvenile
A - Large, quadrate scolex, without rostellum and hooks
B. Fertilised eggs containing the unsegmented ovum are passed with faeces
B - Primary host man, and secondary host cattle C. Four moultings of the larva occur two outside in soil within the egg-shell, one in lungs and one in intestine
C - Length 5 to 10 metres D. Site of location of worm - small intestine.
Identify the tapeworm (1) A and B (2) A only (3) A, B & D (4) A, B, C & D
(1) Taenia solium (2) Taenia saginata Sol. Answer (3)
(3) Echinococcus (4) Hymenolepsis nana Statement C is incorrect as
Sol. Answer (2) 1st molting of Ascaris occurs in soil, 2nd molting occur in lung alveoli, 3rd molting also takes place in lung
alveoli, 4th molting occurs in intestine.
Taenia saginata commonly known as beef tapeworm. Intermediate host is cow, buffalo and sheep. In Taenia
29. Which of the following type of nephridia of are not found in earthworm?
saginata rostellum and hooks are absent. Taenia saginata is longest tapeworm (5-10 m) and it is most common
tapeworm of man. (1) Septal nephridia (2) Pharyngeal protonephridia
(3) Integumentary nephridia (4) Protonephridia
• Phylum : Aschelminthes, Annelida
Sol. Answer (4)
24. The secondary host of Wuchereria, that transmits filariasis is Annelids have specialized structure called nephridia for excretion. Peptonephridia are nephridia which opens
(1) Anopheles (2) Sand fly (3) Tse tse fly (4) Culex into buccal cavity or pharynx. They are also called as pharyngeal nephridia.
• Phylum : Arthropoda
Sol. Answer (4)
Culex mosquito is vector of filariasis, which is caused by Wuchereria. 30. Body of insect is divisible into
(1) Head, thorax and abdomen (2) Head, trunk and abdomen
25. Which of the following is not a characteristic feature of phylum Nemathelminthes?
(3) Cephalothorax, head and abdomen (4) Trunk, thorax and abdomen
(1) Bilateral symmetry, triploblastic, pseudocoelomate.
Sol. Answer (1)
(2) They are possibly most abundant amongst the animals
Body of insect is divisible into three parts:
(3) The false body cavity allows body wall muscles and digestive tract muscles to act independently of each other Head, thorax and abdoman.
(4) The bodywall has longitudinal muscles, circular muscles and an elastic cuticle
31. Excretory organs of arthropods are
Sol. Answer (4)
(1) Green glands (2) Green gland and malpighian tubules
In phylum Nemathelminthes/Aschelminthes only longitudinal muscle fibres are present, circular muscle fibres
are absent. (3) Nephridia (4) Malpighian tubules

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Sol. Answer (2) 37. Which set includes Arthropods of economic importance providing useful products to man?
Excretion in arthropods is carried by different organs like green glands, malpighian tubules etc (1) Anopheles, Culex, tse-tse fly (2) Apis, Bombyx, Laccifer
Depending on location if green glands are present in antenna then they are antennary gland and if present in (3) Limulus, Peripatus (4) Locusta, Grasshopper
appendages called coxal glands.
Sol. Answer (2)
Malpighian tubules are present at junction of midgut and hindgut and open in alimentary canal.
Apis (honey bee) – Forms two main products–honey which is used as food as well as medicines,
other product is bee wax which is used in paints and cosmetics.
32. Johnston’s organ present in mosquitoes, are to detect vibrations. They are present in
Bombyx (silk worm) – Provides silk for making shawls, sarees and other garments
(1) Antenna (2) Appendages (3) Anal cerci (4) Mouth parts
Sol. Answer (1) Laccifer (Lac insect) – Provides lac, which acts as sealing wax and used in making bangles, toys, etc.

Johnston's organs are present on antennae of mosquitoes. 38. Which of the following is an important distinguishing feature of butterfly and not moth?

33. Match the following (w.r.t. type of metamorphsis involved) (1) Stout body; noctural

Column I Column II (2) Wings are not folded in sitting position

a. Paurometabolous (i) Silk worm (3) Antennae are long with globose end, and diurnal
b. Hemimetabolous (ii) Grasshopper (4) Antennae are short, with tapering ends and feathery and nocturnal
c. Holometabolous (iii) Silver fish Sol. Answer (3)
d. Ametabolous (iv) Dragon fly Option (3) is a distinguishing feature of butterfly. Differences between butterfly and moth
(1) a(ii), b(iv), c(i), d(iii) (2) a(i), b(iii), c(iv), d(ii) Butterfly Moth
(3) a(ii), b(iii), c(i), d(iv) (4) a(ii), b(iv), c(iii), d(i) i. It is diurnal (active in day) i. It is nocturnal (active during night)
Sol. Answer (1) ii. Body is not robust ii. Body is often robust
a. Paurometabolous – Grasshopper – Gradual metamorphosis life history includes egg, nymph and adult. iii. Antennae are knobbed distally iii. Antennae taper distally
b. Hemimetabolous – Dragonflies – Incomplete metamorphosis life history includes egg, naiad, imago iv. When is at rest, keeps the wings held iv. When is at rest, keeps the wings held out horizontally
c. Holometabolous – Silk worm – Complete metamorphosis life history includes egg, larva, pupa, imago together vertically on its back

d. Ametabolous – Silverfish – Without metamorphosis life history includes egg, young and imago • Phylum : Mollusca, Echinodermata, Hemichordata

34. In which of the following arthropods the eggs hatch within the female body and they bring forth the young alive? 39. Eye of which molluscan group resembles vertebrate eye?
(1) Araneus (2) Macrobrachium (3) Buthus (4) Lepisma (1) Bivalvia (2) Gastropoda (3) Pelecypoda (4) Cephalopoda
Sol. Answer (3) Sol. Answer (4)
Buthus are scorpions and scorpions are ovoviviparous where eggs hatch with in female body and bring forth Cephalopod molluscs have simple eyes which are analogous to vertebrate eyes i.e. similar in function to
the young alive. vertebrate eyes.

35. In which of the following arthropods the development is paurometabolous? The young hatched from eggs resemble 40. Radula is
the adult and often occupy the same habitat and they grow by moulting
(1) Larval form of coelenterates (cnidarians) (2) File like rasping organ of molluscs
(1) Bombyx (2) Apis (3) Anopheles (4) Periplaneta
(3) Larval form of annelids (4) Uncovered structure present with echinoderms
Sol. Answer (4)
Sol. Answer (2)
Periplaneta (Cockroach) undergoes paurometabolous development with gradual metamorphosis. The young
resembles the adult in its mode of life but differs in structure. Radula is file-like rasping organ in mouth of mollusc which bears transverse rows of chitinous teeth.
Radula is meant for feeding.
36. In honeybees and butterflies the gustatory and olfactory receptors are located, respectively on
(1) Mouth parts, Antennae (2) Feet, Antennae 41. In which group of molluscs torsion is a very important event in the life history?

(3) Proboscis, Legs (4) Mandibles, Antennae (1) Gastropods (2) Bivalves (3) Cephalopods (4) Monoplacophora
Sol. Answer (2) Sol. Answer (1)
Gustatory receptors are sense receptors which help in tasting of food and olfactory receptors help in smelling. In gastropod molluscs, early embryo is symmetrical with anterior mouth and posterior anus but during
In honey bees and butterflies gustatory receptors are present on feet and olfactory receptors on antennae. development the body twists, bringing anus near mouth showing torsion. So adult gastropod become
asymmetric.

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42. Which one of the following class of phylum mollusca is incorrectly matched with its general characteristics? 3. An important characteristic that Hemichordates share with Chordates is [NEET-2017]
(1) Gastropoda – Larvae are bilaterally symmetrical; but in adult, the twisting of viscera makes them (1) Absence of notochord (2) Ventral tubular nerve cord
lose this symmetry. Some, like land snail and slug (a shell-less form), live on land. (3) Pharynx with gill slits (4) Pharynx without gill slits
(2) Bivalvia – They are sedentary filter feeders. Sol. Answer (3)

(3) Cephalopoda – They are at the apex of invertebrate evolution in terms of learned behaviour they Pharyngeal gill slits are present in hemichordates as well as in chordates. Notochord is present in chordates
exhibit. The eyes are image forming, same what similar to ours. only. Ventral tubular nerve cord is characteristic feature of non-chordates.

(4) Pelecypoda – They have sensory tentacles and their foot is reduced into a tongue-shaped structure 4. Match Column-I with Column-II for housefly classification and select the correct option using the codes given
which helps them to burrow into sea floor. below: [NEET (Phase-2) 2016]

Sol. Answer (4) Column-I Column-II

Pelecypoda (Bivalvia) have no head, tentacles, eyes, jaws and radula. Foot is often hatchet shaped and extends a. Family (i) Diptera
between mantle lobes. They are mostly filter feeders, marine but scaphopoda class of molluscs has prehensile b. Order (ii) Arthropoda
sensory tentacles on head. Foot is conical shaped and is used for digging.
c. Class (iii) Muscidae
43. Tube feet are the characteristic structures of d. Phylum (iv) Insecta
(1) Star fish (2) Jelly fish (3) Devil fish (4) Cuttle fish Codes:
Sol. Answer (1) a b c d
Water vascular system is characteristic feature of echinoderm. Tube feet is a part of water vascular system (1) (iii) (i) (iv) (ii)
in echinoderm. Star fish is a member of phylum echinodermata. (2) (iii) (ii) (iv) (i)
(3) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)
44. Which of the following is not a character of phylum Hemichordata?
(4) (iv) (ii) (i) (iii)
(1) Presence of stomochord which is mesodermal in origin
Sol. Answer (1)
(2) Excretory organ is proboscis gland
Housefly belongs to
(3) Circulatory system is open
(i) Phylum - Arthropoda
(4) Respiration takes place through gills
(ii) Class - Insecta
Sol. Answer (1)
(iii) Order - Diptera
Stomochord in hemichordata is not mesodermal in origin, hence they are grouped in non-chordates. From roof
of buccal cavity, arises blind projection called buccal diverticulum or stomochord. Earlier stomochord was (iv) Family - Muscidae
considered equivalent to notochord but is not a notochord. 5. Which of the following features is not present in the Phylum-Arthropoda? [NEET-2016]
(1) Jointed appendages
SECTION - C (2) Chitinous exoskeleton
Previous Years Questions (3) Metameric segmentation
1. Which of the following animals does not undergo metamorphosis? [NEET-2018] (4) Parapodia

(1) Earthworm (2) Tunicate (3) Starfish (4) Moth Sol. Answer (4)
Parapodia are present in aquatic annelids like Nereis and helps in swimming.
Sol. Answer (1)
6. Metagenesis refers to: [Re-AIPMT-2015]
Metamorphosis refers to transformation of larva into adult.
Animal that perform metamorphosis are said to have indirect development. (1) Presence of a segmented body and parthenogenetic mode of reproduction

In earthworm development is direct which means no larval stage and hence no metamorphosis. (2) Presence of different morphic forms
2. In case of poriferans the spongocoel is lined with flagellated cells called [NEET-2017] (3) Alternation of generation between asexual and sexual phases of an organism
(1) Ostia (2) Oscula (3) Choanocytes (4) Mesenchymal cells (4) Occurrence of a drastic change in form during post-embryonic development
Sol. Answer (3) Sol. Answer (3)
Choanocytes (collar cells) form lining of spongocoel in poriferans (sponges). Flagella in collar cells provide In coelenterates, metagenesis is alternation of generation between polyp and medusa. Polyp reproduces
circulation to water in water canal system. asexually by budding to form medusa and medusa reproduces sexually to form polyp.

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7. Body having meshwork of cells, internal cavities lined with food filtering flagellated cells and indirect development 16. In which one of the following, the genus name, its two characters and its phylum are not correctly matched,
are the characteristics of phylum: [Re-AIPMT-2015] whereas the remaining three are correct? [AIPMT(Prelims)-2012]
Genus Two
(1) Protozoa (2) Coelenterata (3) Porifera (4) Mollusca Name Characters Phylum
Sol. Answer (3) (a) Pore bearing
(1) Sycon Porifera
(b) Canal System
In poriferans, the body is loose aggregate of cells (meshwork of cells). Internal cavities and canals are lined
(a) Jointed
with food filtering flagellated cells i.e. choanocyte/collar cell. Choanocytes help in filter feeding. Appendages
(2) Periplaneta Arthropoda
8. Which of the following characteristics is mainly responsible for diversification of insects on land?[AIPMT-2015] (b) Chitinous
Exoskeleton
(1) Eyes (2) Segmentation (3) Bilateral symmetry (4) Exoskeleton
(a) Body segmented
(3) Pila Mollusca
Sol. Answer (4) (b) Mouth with
Radula
9. Which of the following endoparasites of humans does show viviparity? [AIPMT-2015] (a) Spiny skinned
(4) Asterias Echinoder-
(1) Ascaris lumbricoides (2) Ancylostoma duodenale (b) Water vascular mata
System
(3) Enterobius vermicularis (4) Trichinella spiralis
Sol. Answer (3)
Sol. Answer (4)
Pila (apple snail) belongs to phylum mullusca, class gastropoda. In Pila, radula bearing chitinous teeth is
present in mouth but molluscs does not have segmented body almost all molluscs have unsegmented body.
10. Select the Taxon mentioned that represents both marine and fresh water species [AIPMT-2014]
(1) Echinoderms (2) Ctenophora (3) Cephalochordata (4) Cnidaria 17. The figure shows four animals (a), (b), (c) and (d). Select the correct answer with respect
to a common characteristics of two of these animals. [AIPMT(Mains)-2011]
Sol. Answer (4)
Echinoderms, ctenophores and cephalochordates are exclusively marine.
11. Which one of the following living organisms completely lacks a cell wall? [AIPMT-2014]
(1) Cyanobacteria (2) Sea-fan(Gorgonia) (3) Saccharomyces (4) Blue-green algae
Sol. Answer (2) (a) (b) (c) (d)
12. Planaria possess high capacity of [AIPMT-2014]
(1) Metamorphosis (2) Regeneration
(3) Alternation of generation (4) Bioluminescence
Sol. Answer (2) (1) (a) & (d) have cnidoblasts for self-defence (2) (c) & (d) have a true coelom
Planaria possess high capacity of regeneration. (3) (a) & (d) respire mainly through body wall (4) (b) & (c) show radial symmetry
Sol. Answer (2)
13. Which group of animals belong to the same phylum? [NEET-2013]
(a) is tapeworm, belong to phylum platyhelminthes, are acoelomate
(1) Earthworm, Pinworm, Tapeworm (2) Prawn, Scorpion, Locusta
(b) is jelly fish (Aurelia), belonging to phylum cnidaria/coelentrata. These are also acoelomate
(3) Sponge, Sea anemone, Starfish (4) Malarial parasite, Amoeba, Mosquito
(c) is octopus belonging to phylum mollusca, they are schizocoelomate
Sol. Answer (2) (d) is scorpion belonging to phylum arthropoda, they are also schizocoelomate
Prawn, Scorpion and Locusta all belong to phylum arthropoda. Both (c) & (d) i.e. Octopus and scorpion have true coelom i.e. schizocoelomate.
14. One of the representatives of Phylum Arthropoda is [NEET-2013]
18. One example of animals having a single opening to the outside that serves both as mouth as well as anus is
(1) Silverfish (2) Pufferfish (3) Flying fish (4) Cuttlefish [AIPMT (Prelims)-2010]
Sol. Answer (1) (1) Fasciola (2) Octopus (3) Asterias (4) Ascidia
15. Which of the following are correctly matched with respect to their taxonomic classification? [NEET-2013] Sol. Answer (1)
(1) Flying fish, cuttlefish, silverfish, - Pisces Organisms having single opening to outside that serves both mouth as well as anus have incomplete digestive
system.
(2) Centipede, millipede, spider, scorpion - Insecta
 Fasciola – incomplete digestive system (Platyhelminthes)
(3) House fly, butterfly, tsetsefly, silverfish - Insecta  Octopus – (Mollusca) complete digestive system
(4) Spiny anteater, sea urchin, sea cucumber -Echinodermata  Asterias – (Echinodermata) complete digestive system
Sol. Answer (3)  Ascidia – (Urochordata) complete digestive system

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19. Which one of the following kinds of animals are triploblastic? [AIPMT (Prelims)-2010] 24. Ascaris is characterized by [AIPMT (Prelims)-2008]
(1) Corals (2) Flat worms (3) Sponges (4) Ctenophores (1) Presence of true coelom and metamerism (metamerisation)
Sol. Answer (2) (2) Absence of true coelom but presence of metamerism
Triploblastic refers to organisms having three germ layers- ectoderm, mesoderm and endoderm. (3) Presence of neither true coelom nor metamerism
(1) Corals (Cnidarians) – Diploblastic organisms (4) Presence of true coelom but absence of metamerism
(2) Flatworms (Platyhelminthes) – Triploblastic Sol. Answer (3)
(3) Sponges (Porifera) – Diploblastic Ascaris belong to phylum Aschelminthes. Aschelminthes are pseudocoelomate i.e. false coelom is present
(4) Ctenophores – Diploblastic and have unsegmented body. Thus, metamerism is absent in Ascaris.

20. Which one of the following statements about certain given animals is correct ? [AIPMT (Prelims)-2010] 25. Which one of the following is not a characteristic of phylum Annelida? [AIPMT (Prelims)-2008]
(1) Flat worms (Platyhelminthes) are coelomates
(1) Ventral nerve cord (2) Closed circulatory system
(2) Round worms (Aschelminthes) are pseudocoelomates
(3) Segmentation (4) Pseudocoelom
(3) Molluscs are acoelomates
Sol. Answer (4)
(4) Insects are pseudocoelomates
Annelida phylum belong to non-chordate hence have ventral nerve cord. Annelid possess closed circulatory system
Sol. Answer (2) and true segmentation. Annelid possess true coelom hence are eucoelomate. Annelids are not pseudocoelomate.
(1) Flatworms are acoelomates (not coelomates)
26. What is true about Nereis, Scorpion, Cockroach and Silver fish? [AIPMT (Prelims)-2007]
(2) Roundworms/Aschemlminthes are pseudocoelomates
(1) They all belong to the same phylum (2) They all have jointed paired appendages
(3) Molluscs are schizocoelomates (not acoelomates)
(3) They all possess dorsal heart (4) None of them is aquatic
(4) Insects are schizocoelomates (not pseudocoelomates)
Sol. Answer (3)
21. Which one of the following groups of animals is bilaterally symmetrical and triploblastic?
27. Which one of the following pairs is mismatched? [AIPMT (Prelims)-2007]
[AIPMT (Prelims)-2009]
(1) Aschelminthes (Roundworms) (2) Ctenophores (1) Bombyx mori – Silk (2) Pila globosa – Pearl
(3) Sponges (4) Coelenterates (Cnidarians) (3) Apis indica – Honey (4) Kenia lacca – Lac
Sol. Answer (1) Sol. Answer (2)
 Sponges – Asymmetric or radially symmetric, diploblastic Pinctada (Pearl oyster) is famous for pearl formation.
 Coelentrates (cnidarians) – Radially symmetric, diploblastic
28. Which one of the following is a matching set of a phylum and its three examples? [AIPMT (Prelims)-2006]
 Aschelminthes (roundworms) – Bilateral symmetric, triploblastic
(1) Cnidaria – Bonellia, Physalia, Aurelia
 Ctenophores – Radially symmetric, diploblastic
(2) Platyhelminthes – Planaria, Schistosoma, Enterobius
22. If a live earthworm is pricked with a needle on its outer surface without damaging its gut, the fluid that comes (3) Mollusca – Loligo, Teredo, Octopus
out is [AIPMT (Prelims)-2009] (4) Porifera – Spongilla, Euplectella, Pennatula
(1) Coelomic fluid (2) Haemolymph (3) Slimy mucus (4) Excretory fluid Sol. Answer (3)
Sol. Answer (1) i. Spongilla – Porifera, Euplectella – Porifera, Pennatula – Cnidaria

23. Which one of the following groups of three animals each is correctly matched with their one characteristic ii. Bonellia viridis – Annelida, Physalia – Cnidaria, Aurelia – Cnidaria – Annelida
morphological feature? [AIPMT (Prelims)-2008] iii. Planaria – Platyhelminthes, Schistosoma – Platyhelminthes, Enterobius – Aschelminthes
Animals Morphological feature iv. Loligo – Mollusca, Teredo – Mollusca, Octopus – Mollusca
(1) Cockroach, Locust, Taenia – Metameric segmentation
29. Metameric segmentation is the characteristic of [AIPMT(Prelims)-2006]
(2) Liver fluke, Sea anemone, Sea cucumber – Bilateral symmetry
(1) Platyhelminthes and arthropoda (2) Echinodermata and annelida
(3) Centipede, Prawn, Sea urchin – Jointed appendages
(3) Annelida and arthropoda (4) Mollusca and chordata
(4) Scorpion, Spider, Cockroach – Ventral solid central nervous system
Sol. Answer (3)
Sol. Answer (4)
Scorpion, Spider and Cockroach all belong to phylum arthropoda and nervous system in arthropoda is solid, Metameric segmentation (true segmentation) is characteristic feature of Annelid and arthropoda. Body of
ventral, ganglionated central nervous system. arthropods is segmented.

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30. Biradial symmetry and lack of cnidoblasts are the characteristics of [AIPMT (Prelims)-2006] 37. Which of the following is an example of platyhelminthes?
(1) Starfish and sea anemone (2) Ctenoplana and Beroe (1) Plasmodium (2) Schistosoma (3) Trypanosoma (4) Wuchereria
(3) Aurelia and Paramecium (4) Hydra and starfish Sol. Answer (2)
Sol. Answer (2) (1) Plasmodium – Protozoa
Presence of cnidoblast is characteristic feature of cnidaria. Ctenoplana and Beroe belong to phylum Ctenophora. (2) Schistosoma – Platyhelminthes
Ctenophores are radially symmetrical and cnidoblast cells are absent. (3) Trypanosoma – Protozoa
(4) Wuchereria – Aschelminthes
31. Two common characters found in centipede, cockroach and crab are [AIPMT (Prelims)-2006]
(1) Compound eyes and anal cerci (2) Jointed legs and chitinous exoskeleton 38. Radial symmetry is usually, exhibited in animals which
(3) Green gland and tracheae (4) Book lungs and antennae (1) Are attached to the substratum (2) Have one opening of alimentary canal
Sol. Answer (2) (3) Live in water (4) Have ciliary mode of feeding
Centipede, Cockroach and Crab belong to Arthropoda. Arthropodes bear jointed legs and have chitinous Sol. Answer (1)
exoskeleton. Radial symmetry is advantageous for organism which are fixed to substratum as it helps the animals to gather
food from all sides and also repel enemies from all sides.
32. From the following statements select the wrong one [AIPMT (Prelims)-2005]
(1) Millipedes have two pairs of appendages in each segment of the body 39. One of the special character of phylum coelenterata only is the occurrence of
(2) Prawn has two pairs of antennae (1) Polymorphism (2) Flame cells (3) Hermaphroditism (4) Nematocysts
(3) Animals belonging to phylum-Porifera are exclusively marine Sol. Answer (4)
(4) Nematocysts are characteristic of the phylum- Cnidaria Presence of cnidoblast is characteristic feature of phylum coelentrata. Cnidoblast cells bear a nucleus which
is present near its base and a stinging capsule called nematocyst. Nematocyst is filled with a poisonous fluid
Sol. Answer (3) called hypnotoxin which is injected with the help of thread tube.
Animals belonging to phylum porifera are mostly marines but some members live in fresh water also e.g.
Spongilla (fresh water sponge). 40. Which of the following does not have an open circulatory system?
(1) Frog’s tadpole (2) Prawn (3) Chelifer (4) Cockroach
33. In contrast to annelids the platyhelminths show [AIPMT (Prelims)-2005]
Sol. Answer (1)
(1) Radial symmetry (2) Presence of pseudocoel
Prawn, Chelifer, Cockroach belong to phylum arthropoda having open circulatory system.
(3) Bilateral symmetry (4) Absence of body cavity Frog's tadpole belong to vertebrates having closed circulatory system.
Sol. Answer (4)
41. The neurogenic heart is the characteristic feature of
34. Which one of the following groups of animals reproduces only by sexual means?
(1) Human (2) Invertebrates (3) Rabbit (4) Rat
(1) Ctenophora (2) Cnidaria (3) Porifera (4) Protozoa Sol. Answer (2)
Sol. Answer (1) Vertebrates (human, rabbit and rat) have myogenic heart which is two, three or four-chambered.
Ctenophores reproduce exclusively by sexual means only but sponges, cnidarians and protozoans undergo Invertebrates have neurogenic heart.
asexual means of reproduction also (fragmentation, budding, fission respectively)
42. In silkworm, silk is the product of
35. Tube feet are the characteristic structure of
(1) Salivary gland of the larva (2) Salivary gland of the adult
(1) Star fish (2) Jelly fish (3) Cray fish (4) Cuttle fish (3) Cuticle of the larva (4) Cuticle of the adult
Sol. Answer (1) Sol. Answer (1)
Water vascular system is characteristic feature of phylum echinodermata (star fish). Tube feet are tube-like appendages Silkworm (Bombyx), silk is product of salivary gland of larvae.
at end of lateral canals in water vascular system. Thus, tube feet are characteristic feature of star-fish.
43. The organisms attached to the substratum, generally, possess
36. Among the following organisms point out a completely non-parasitic form (1) One single opening of the digestive canal (2) Cilia on the surface to create water current
(1) Tape worm (2) Mosquito (3) Sea anemone (4) Leech (3) Radial symmetry (4) Asymmetrical body
Sol. Answer (3) Sol. Answer (3)

Tapeworm, Mosquito, Leech all three are parasitic forms. Sea anemone (Adamsia) belongs to class anthozoa Organism which remain attached to substratum (fixed animals) possess radial symmetry, radial symmetry is
advantageous as it helps animals to gather food from all sides and also repel enemies from all sides.
of cnidaria phylum. These are not parasites but are free living forms.
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44. Benthic animals are those, which Sol. Answer (1)


(1) Are submerged in area (2) Float on the sea surface Silver fish, Scorpion, Crab, Honey bee belong to phylum Arthropoda. All arthropods are characterised for having
(3) Are deep dweller in sea (4) Are floating (free) organisms jointed appendages.

Sol. Answer (3) 51. Most appropriate term to describe the life cycle of Obelia is
Benthic animals are animals which live in deep sea. (1) Metamorphosis (2) Neoteny (3) Metagenesis (4) All of these

45. The formation of canal system in sponges is due to Sol. Answer (3)

(1) Folding of inner walls (2) Gastro-vascular system Obelia shows alternation of generation between sexual and asexual forms i.e. medusa and polyp respectively.
Obelia exists in both the forms shows alternation of generation in their life. This alternation of generation is
(3) Reproduction (4) Non-porous walls called metagenesis.
Sol. Answer (1)
52. Solenocytes are the main excretory structure in
Formation of canal system is sponges is due by porous walls of sponges pores known as ‘ostia’ allows entry
of water to spongocoel and exit via ‘osculum’. Sycanoid / leucanoid canal system is formed due to folding of (1) Echinodermates (2) Platyhelminthes (3) Annelids (4) Molluscs
inner walls. Sol. Answer (2)

46. The nephridia in earthworm are analogous to Solenocytes are flame cells. Flame cells are specialised cells of platyhelminthes which help in excretion as
well as osmoregulation.
(1) Nematoblasts of Hydra (2) Flame cells of Planaria
(3) Gills of Prawn (4) Trachea of insects 53. Temperature changes in the environment, affect most of the animals which are
Sol. Answer (2) (1) Poikilothermic (2) Homoiothermic (3) Aquatic (4) Desert living
Nephridia in earthworm are specialized cells meant for excretion. Flame cells in planaria (Platyhelminthes) are Sol. Answer (1)
specialised cells which perform excretory functions. Animals which can change their body temperature, with change in environment is called poikilothermal animals.
Nephridia and flame cells both perform excretory functions.
54. The process of series of changes from larva to adult, after embryonic development, is called
47. Coelom is found between the cavity of
(1) Regeneration (2) Growth (3) Metamorphosis (4) Ageing
(1) Body wall and ectoderm (2) Ectoderm and endoderm
Sol. Answer (3)
(3) Mesoderm and body wall (endoderm) (4) Mesoderm and ectoderm
Metamorphosis is process of series of changes from larva to adult.
Sol. Answer (2)
Body cavity can mean any internal space or series of spaces present inside body. True body cavity generally 55. Similarity in Ascaris lumbricoides and Anopheles stephens
refers to large fluid-filled space lying between outer body wall and inner gut wall.
(1) Sexual dimorphism (2) Metamerism
48. Which of the following statement is without exception for sponges?
(3) Anaerobic respiration (4) Endoparasitism
(1) They all have calcareous spicules (2) They have high regenerative power
Sol. Answer (1)
(3) They are found only in marine water (4) They are all radially symmetrical
Ascaris lumbricoides show sexual dimorphism as male and female are distinct externally. Often females are
Sol. Answer (2) longer than males.
Sponges possess high degree of regeneration power. Even the cells of crushed sponge can regroup to form Anopheles stephens also exhibit sexual dimorphism as antennae in females are sparsely haired while those
sponge. of males have conspicuous whorls of hairs.

49. The embryonated egg of Ascaris represents 56. Which statement is correct?
(1) An egg with blastula (2) An egg with a juvenile (1) A. indica is largest wild honey bee
(3) An egg with an egg (4) An egg with gastrula (2) Wax is waste material of honey bee
Sol. Answer (2) (3) Karl von Frisch deciphered the communication methods in honey bee
In Ascaris, fertilised egg gets surrounded by shell. Inside shell the zygote develop into rhabditiform or juvenile (4) Drone of honey bee is diploid
stage in 10-14 days. After 10 days it develop into second stage juvenile, second stage juvenile is infective stage.
Sol. Answer (3)
Shell having infective statge is called embryonated egg.
 Wax is not waste material of honey bee. Wax is an important useful product of honey bee used in paints
50. What is common among silver fish, scorpion, crab and honey bee? and cosmetics.
(1) Jointed legs (2) Metamorphosis  Prof. Karl von Frisch got Nobel prize (1973) for decoding the language of bee dance and deciphered
communication methods in honey bee.
(3) Compound eyes (4) Poison glands
 Drone of honey bee, develops from unfertilized egg and are haploid.
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57. Which of the following animals have scattered cells with cell - tissue grade organisation? 64. During the life-cycle, Fasciola hepatica (liver fluke) infects its intermediate host and primary host at the following
(1) Sponge (2) Hydra (3) Liver fluke (4) Ascaris larval stage respectively

Sol. Answer (2) (1) Redia and miracidium (2) Cercaria and redia

Sponges – Celllular level of organization Hydra – Tissue level of organization (3) Metacercaria and cercaria (4) Miracidium and metacercaria

Liver fluke – Organ level of organization Ascaris – Organ system level of organization Sol. Answer (4)
Infective stage for intermediate host is miracidium larvae of Fasciola hepatica.
58. Blastopore is the pore of Infective stage for primary host (sheep or goat) is metacarria larvae of Fasciola hepatica.
(1) Archenteron (2) Blastocoel (3) Coelom (4) Alimentary canal
Sol. Answer (1) 65. Sycon belongs to a group of animals, which are best described as

Blastopore is opening of archenteron to exterior of embryo at gastrula stage. (1) Unicellular or acellular
(2) Multicellular without any tissue organization
59. In Hydra, waste material of food digestion and nitrogenous waste material are removed from
(3) Multicellular with a gastrovascular system
(1) Mouth and mouth (2) Body wall and body wall
(4) Multicellular having tissue organization, but no body cavity
(3) Mouth and body wall (4) Mouth and tentacles
Sol. Answer (2)
Sol. Answer (3)
Sycon belongs to phylum Porifera. Sponges are multicellular animals with cellular level of organization.
Hydra, has incomplete digestive system, with single opening for entry and exit of substances. Undigested
materials are removed from mouth and waste materials are also removed from body wall by diffusion. 66. Which one of the following is not correctly matched?
(1) Glossina palpalis - Sleeping sickness
60. In which of the following haemocyanin pigment is found?
(2) Culex pipiens - Filariasis
(1) Annelida (2) Echinodermata (3) Insecta (4) Lower invertebrates
(3) Aedes aegypti - Yellow fever
Sol. Answer (4)
(4) Anopheles culifacies - Leishmaniasis
Haemocyanin is respiratory pigment that transport oxygen through out body of some invertebrate animals.
Haemocyanin is observed in some molluscs and arthropods. Sol. Answer (4)
Anopheles culifaciens is a major vector for malaria in Indian subcontinent. Leishmaniasis is transmitted by
61. In which animal nerve cells are present but brain is absent? sandfly (Phlebotomus)
(1) Sponge (2) Earthworm (3) Cockroach (4) Hydra
67. The animals with bilateral symmetry in young stage, and radial pentamerous symmetry in the adult stage,
Sol. Answer (4)
belong to the phylum
 Sponges lack nerve cells and brain is also absent.
(1) Annelida (2) Mollusca (3) Cnidaria (4) Echinodermata
 Hydra have nerve cells which form nerve net but specialised brain is not present.
Sol. Answer (4)
 Earthworm and cockroach posses ganglionated nervous system.
Adult echinoderms are radially symmetric but larvae are bilaterally symmetrical. Adult echinoderms have
pentamerous radial symmetry and their body parts are arranged along five aves.
62. Which one of the following is a matching pair of an animal and a certain phenomenon, it exhibits?
(1) Pheretima - Sexual dimorphism (2) Musca - Complete metamorphosis 68. In Arthropoda, head and thorax are often fused to form cephalothorax, but in which one of the following classes,
(3) Chameleon - Mimicry (4) Taenia - Polymorphism the body is divided into head, thorax and abdomen?

Sol. Answer (2) (1) Insecta (2) Myriapoda

Musca (housefly) is an insects with complete metamorphosis (Holometabolous development). Life history (3) Crustacea (4) Arachnida and curstacea
includes egg, larva, pupa and imago. Larva of house fly is called maggot. Sol. Answer (1)
 In insecta body is divisible into head, thorax and abdomen
63. Ommatidia serve the purpose of photoreception in
 Myriapoda body is divisible into head and trunk
(1) Cockroach (2) Frog
 Crustacea body is divisible into cephalothorax and abdomen
(3) Humans (4) Sunflower
 In arachnida body of organism is divisible into cephalothorax and abdomen
Sol. Answer (1)
Ommatidia are compound eyes which help these animals to perceive light falling on them. Ommatidia or 69. Which one of the following has an open circulatory system?
compound eyes is observed in cockroach. (1) Octopus (2) Pheretima (3) Periplaneta (4) Nereis
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Sol. Answer (3) 4. A : In Balanoglossus, proboscis is involved in excretion.


Arthropodes have open circulatory system. Periplaneta belongs to phylum arthropoda. R : Glomerulus is present is probosis.
Octopus (cephalopod molluscs) have closed circulatory system Sol. Answer (1)
Pheretima (Annelida) have closed circulatory system Assertion is true i.e. In Balanoglossus, proboscis is involved in excretion.
Nereis (Annelida) have closed circulatory system Balanoglossus belong to phylum hemichordate where proboscis gland perform excretory function.
70. Which one of the following is not a living fossil? Reason is also true i.e. Glomerulus is present in proboscis which is responsible or mediate excretory function
of proboscis gland. Both Assertion and reason are correct and reason is correct explanation for assertion.
(1) Peripatus (2) King crab (3) Sphenodon (4) Archaeopteryx
5. A : Echinoderms are the only radially symmetrical animals with true coelom.
Sol. Answer (4)
Archaeopteryx is missing link between reptiles and birds. R : Echinoderms have secondarily adapted to radial symmetry.
Sol. Answer (2)
71. Biological organisation starts with Assertion is true, Echinoderms are only radially symmetrical animals with true coelom.
(1) Cellular level (2) Organismic level
Reason is also true as echinoderms have secondarily adapted to radial symmetry, because larval forms of
(3) Atomic level (4) Submicroscopic molecular level echinoderm is bilaterally symmetric but adults are radially symmetric.
Sol. Answer (4) Both assertion and reason are correct, but reason is not correct explanation for assertion.
Biological organisation start with submicroscopic molecular level. 6. A : Hydra has a nerve net but no brain.

72. Peripatus is a connecting link between R : All its neurons are apolar and connected.
(1) Coelenterata and Porifera (2) Ctenophora and Platyhelminthes Sol. Answer (1)
(3) Mollusca and Echinodermata (4) Annelida and Arthropoda Assertion is true, In Hydra, nerve cells are present which join to form nerve net but nerve cells are not organized
to form brain in Hydra.
Sol. Answer (4)
Peripatus is considered as connecting link between annelida and arthropoda as it has unjointed legs and Reason is also true as neurons in Hydra are apolar. These apolar neuron (with no axon terminals) can join to
breathes by trachea. form nerve net. Hence both Assertion and Reason is correct and Reason is correct explanation for Assertion.
7. A : Radula is rasping organ of all molluscs.
SECTION - D R : It is made up of vitrodentine.
Assertion-Reason Type Questions Sol. Answer (4)
1. A : Cysticercosis is caused by accidental ingestion of onchospheres. Assertion is false as radula is not present in all molluscs.
R : Taenia solium is a monogenetic parasite. Radula is absent in class pelecypoda (Bivalvia) of molluscs.
Sol. Answer (3) Reason is also false as radula bears chitinous teeth.
Assertion is true, i.e. cysticercosis is caused by accidental ingestion of onchosphere larvae. Both assertion and reason are false.
Reason is false as Taenia solium is digenetic parasite, having humans as primary host and pig as secondary 8. A : True coelom originated for the first time in phylum Annelida.
host. R : It allowed the animal to have an alimentary canal longer than the body & space for storing gametes.
2. A : Mantle of pearl oyster is three layered. Sol. Answer (2)
R : Nacre secreting cells are present just below the nacreous layer. Assertion is true, True coelom (lined by mesoderm) on both sides for first time originated in phyla annelida.
Sol. Answer (2) Reason is true, Annelids have longer alimentary canal than body and space for storing gametes.
Assertion is true, i.e. Mantle of pearl oyster is three layered. Both Assertion and Reason are correct, but Reason is not correct explanation for Assertion.
Reason is also true i.e. Nacre secreting cells are present just below nacreous layer.
9. A : Chitinous exoskeleton is a characteristic feature of arthropods.
But reason is not correct explanation for assertion.
R : It allows diffusion of water vapour from atmosphere to the body.
3. A : Annelids, arthropods and molluscs are protostomial coelomates.
Sol. Answer (3)
R : All the three phyla include members with bilateral symmetry and true coelom.
Assertion is true, Chitinous exoskeleton is a characteristic feature of arthropods.
Sol. Answer (2)
Reason is false as chitin is impermeable to water and does not allow diffusion of water vapour from atmosphere
Assertion is true i.e. Annelids, arthropods and molluscs are protostomial coelomates. to body or vice-versa.
In all three mouth develops first in embryonic digestive tube. Assertion is true but Reason is false.
Reason is also true i.e. all three phyla include members with bilateral symmetry and true coelom.   
But reason is not correct explanation for assertion.

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