Sei sulla pagina 1di 24

A318/A319/A320/A321 (CFM56) / (IAE V2500)

For Category B1/B2

Starting
ATA 80

Issue 1: 12 Aug 2016


Revision 1: 1 Apr 2020
Airbus A318/A319/A320/A321 (CFM56) and
Airbus A319/A320/A321 (IAE V2500) ATA 80
(sub-) cat.B1.1/ B2 STARTING - IAE V2500 AVIET TRAINING

TRAINING MANUAL

Airbus A318/A319/A320/A321 (CFM56) and


Airbus A319/A320/A321 (IAE V2500) B1.1
(sub·) categories

80. STARTING - IAE V2500


(ATA80)

ISSUE 1, 12 Aug 2016 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY Page 1


Airbus A318/A319/A320/A321 (CFM56) and
Airbus A319/A320/A321 (IAE V2500) ATA 80
(sub-) cat.B1.1/ B2 STARTING - IAE V2500 AVIET TRAINING

TABLE OF CONTENTS TABLE OF FIGURES

STARTING...................................................................................................... 4 Figure 1. Starting System Schematic............................................................. 5


STARTING COMPONENTS...........................................................................6 Figure 2. Starting Components....................................................................... 7
STARTER AIR CONTROL VALVE..................................................................8 Figure 3. Sterter Air Control Valve.................................................................. 8
START AIR CONTROL VALVE TEST...........................................................10 Figure 4. Starter Air Control Valve.................................................................. 9
CRANKING - DESCRIPTION........................................................................14 Figure 5. Starter Valve Test via CFDS......................................................... 11
WET CRANKING.......................................................................................... 16 Figure 6. Starter Valve Test via CFDS......................................................... 13
AUTOMATIC START.................................................................................... 18 Figure 7. Panels............................................................................................ 15
Figure 8. Panels............................................................................................ 17
Figure 9. Panel 115VU.................................................................................. 19
Figure 10. Panel 115VU.............................................................................. 19
Figure 11. Panel 115VU.............................................................................. 19
Figure 12. Panel 115VU..............................................................................20
Figure 13. Panel 122VU..............................................................................20
Figure 14. Panel 115VU..............................................................................20
Figure 15. Panel 115VU..............................................................................21
Figure 16. Panel 122VU..............................................................................21

ISSUE 1, 12 Aug 2016 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY Page 2


Airbus A318/A319/A320/A321 (CFM56) and
Airbus A319/A320/A321 (IAE V2500) ATA 80
(sub-) cat.B1.1/ B2 STARTING - IAE V2500 AVIET TRAINING

THIS PAGE IS INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

ISSUE 1, 12 Aug 2016 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY Page 3


Airbus A318/A319/A320/A321 (CFM56) and
Airbus A319/A320/A321 (IAE V2500) ATA 80
(sub-) cat.B1.1/ B2 STARTING - IAE V2500 AVIET TRAINING

STARTING

General

Starting Schematic the ignition selector switch in IGN/START position and MAN START
pushbut
The starting system of the engine utilizes pressurized air to drive a turbine at ton switch command the starter shut-off valve,
high speed. This turbine drives the engine high pressure rotor through a the MASTER control lever controls the HP fuel shut-off valve.
reduction gear and the engine accessory drive system.
The air which is necessary to drive the starter comes from: Note: No start abort by the FADEC in case of failure.

- either the APU


- or the second engine
- or a ground power unit.

The starter supply is controlled by a starter shut-off valve (SOV)


pneumatically operated and electrically controlled. In case of failure, the SOV
can be operated by hand.
The starter valve closes when the N2 speed reaches 43 %.
The starter centrifugal clutch disengages when N2 speed is higher than 43%.
Engine starting is controlled from the ENG start panel 115VU located on
center pedestal and ENG/MAN START switch on the overhead panel.
The starting sequence may be interrupted at any time by placing the
MASTER control lever in OFF position which overrides the FADEC. When
the MASTER control lever is in OFF position the HP fuel shut off valve is
closed and the engine is stopped.
Two procedures are applicable for engine starting:

Normal Starting Procedure (automatic)

The starting sequence is fully controlled by the FADEC and is selected when
the ENG/MODE/CRANK/NORM/IGN START selector switch is in
IGN/START position and the MASTER control lever in ON position. Start can
be aborted on ground only by the FADEC in case of failure.

Alternative Starting Procedure

This sequence controlled by the pilot is as follows:

ISSUE 1, 12 Aug 2016 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY Page 4


Airbus A318/A319/A320/A321 (CFM56) and
Airbus A319/A320/A321 (IAE V2500) ATA 80
(sub-) cat.B1.1/ B2 STARTING - IAE V2500 AVIET TRAINING

FUEL*
LP FUEL
CLOSURE SOV
AIR*>—

STARTER
MANUAL VALVE
Ϊk [
OVERRIDE.
i
S*
m <
0£ ae.
LU ILI
1- 1- STARTER
n »—1
z z
e>
H 1—1

CLOSURE

START
LOGIC
EXCITER A MODULE
EXCITER B k
EPR
EGT
▼ t
EEC N1
*
N2
* EIU
C FF

Figure 1. Starting System Schematic

ISSUE 1, 12 Aug 2016 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY Page 5


Airbus A318/A319/A320/A321 (CFM56) and
Airbus A319/A320/A321 (IAE V2500) ATA 80
(sub-) cat.B1.1/ B2 STARTING - IAE V2500 AVIET TRAINING

STARTING COMPONENTS

Starter Motor be pulled clear of the gear hub ratchet teeth to disengage the output drive
shaft from the turbine.
The pneumatic starter motor is mounted on the forward face of the external
gearbox and provides the drive to rotate the H.P. compressor to a speed at Starter Air Control Valve
which light up can occur.
Attachment to the gearbox is done by a V-clamp adaptor. The starter air control valve is a pneumatically operated, electrically
The starter motor is connected by ducting to the aircraft pneumatic system. controlled shut-off valve positioned on the lower right hand side of the L.P.
The starter motor gears and bearings are lubricated by an integral lubrication compressor (fan) case.
system. The start valve controls the air flow from the starter air duct to the starter
Servicing features include: motor.
The start valve basically comprises a butterfly type valve housed in a
- oil level sight glass cylindrical valve body with in-line flanged end connectors, an actuator, a
- oil fill plug solenoid valve and a pressure controller.
- oil drain plug with magnetic chip detector A micro switch provides valve position feedback information to the FADEC.

Starter Motor - Operation

The starter is a pneumatically driven turbine unit that accelerates the H.P.
rotor to the required speed for engine starting. The unit is mounted on the
front face of the external gearbox.
The starter, shown below, comprises a single stage turbine, a reduction gear
train, a clutch and an output drive shaft - all housed within a case
incorporating an air inlet and exhaust.
Compressed air enters the starter, impinges on the turbine blades to rotate
the turbine, and leaves through the air exhaust. The reduction gear train
converts the high speed, low torque rotation of the turbine to low speed, high
torque rotation of the gear train hub.
The ratchet teeth of the gear hub engage the pawls of the output drive shaft
to transmit drive to the external gearbox, which in turn accelerates the engine
H.P. compressor rotor assembly.
When the air supply to the starter is cut off, the pawls overrun the gear train
hub ratchet teeth allowing the turbine to coast to a stop while the engine H.P.
turbine compressor assembly and, therefore, the external gearbox and
starter output drive shaft continue to rotate. When the starter output drive
shaft rotational speed increases above a predetermined r.p.m., centrifugal
force overcomes the tension of the clutch leaf springs, allowing the pawls to

ISSUE 1, 12 Aug 2016 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY Page 6


Airbus A318/A319/A320/A321 (CFM56) and
Airbus A319/A320/A321 (IAE V2500) ATA 80
(sub-) cat.B1.1/ B2 STARTING - IAE V2500 AVIET TRAINING

TURBINE ROTOR REDUCTION GEARS

AIR INLET m O

TURBINE
NOZZLES

AIR IN

AIR EXHAUST

Figure 2. Starting Components

ISSUE 1, 12 Aug 2016 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY Page 7


Airbus A318/A319/A320/A321 (CFM56) and
Airbus A319/A320/A321 (IAE V2500) ATA 80
(sub-) cat.B1.1/ B2 STARTING - IAE V2500 AVIET TRAINING

STARTER AIR CONTROL VALVE

Description

The start air control valve is a pneumatically operated, electrically controlled


shut-off valve positioned on the lower right hand side of the L.P. compressor
(fan) case.

Manual Operation

The starter air valve can be opened/ closed manually using a 0.375 inch
square drive. Access is through a panel in the R. H. fan cowl. A valve
position indicator is provided on the valve body.
A micro switch provides valve position feed back information to the FADEC.

Note: Do not operate the valve manually without positive duct pressure. ELICTRICAL SCHEMATIC

FAIL SAFE POSITION: "SOV CLOSED"

ISSUE 1, 12 Aug 2016 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY Page 8


Airbus A318/A319/A320/A321 (CFM56) and
Airbus A319/A320/A321 (IAE V2500) ATA 80
(sub-) cat.B1.1/ B2 STARTING - IAE V2500 AVIET TRAINING

STARTER VALVE

STARTER VALVE

Figure 4. Starter Air Control Valve

ISSUE 1, 12 Aug 2016 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY Page 9


Airbus A318/A319/A320/A321 (CFM56) and
Airbus A319/A320/A321 (IAE V2500) ATA 80
(sub-) cat.B1.1/ B2 STARTING - IAE V2500 AVIET TRAINING

START AIR CONTROL VALVE TEST

Start Air Control Valve Test via CFDS

The start air control valve operation may be tested via CFDS. Refer to AMM
Task 80-13-51 -710-040.

ISSUE 1, 12 Aug 2016 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY Page 10


Airbus A318/A319/A320/A321 (CFM56) and
Airbus A319/A320/A321 (IAE V2500) ATA 80
(sub-) cat.B1.1/ B2 STARTING - IAE V2500 AVIET TRAINING

Figure 5. Starter Valve Test via CFDS

ISSUE 1, 12 Aug 2016 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY Page 11


Airbus A318/A319/A320/A321 (CFM56) and
Airbus A319/A320/A321 (IAE V2500) ATA 80
(sub-) cat.B1.1/ B2 STARTING - IAE V2500 AVIET TRAINING

Start Air Control Valve Test (Fault Detected)

AMM Starter Valve Test ata 80-13-51 p507

ISSUE 1, 12 Aug 2016 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY Page 12


Airbus A318/A319/A320/A321 (CFM56) and
Airbus A319/A320/A321 (IAE V2500) ATA 80
(sub-) cat.B1.1/ B2 STARTING - IAE V2500 AVIET TRAINING

Γ51
Ξ
Γ»Π

Β
ΊΓ1

Β
1
ΙΪ)
Ε=
a

Π»)
ΓΗΊ
Ε
Ε
Ε
ΕΙ

Β
a
Β
θ
Ε)
a

Figure 6. Starter Valve Test via CFDS


ISSUE 1, 12 Aug 2016 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY Page 13
Airbus A318/A319/A320/A321 (CFM56) and
Airbus A319/A320/A321 (IAE V2500) ATA 80
(sub-) cat.B1.1/ B2 STARTING - IAE V2500 AVIET TRAINING

CRANKING - DESCRIPTION

Air Supply

The air necessary for the starting comes from the duct connecting engine
bleed and the precooler.
The air necessary for the starter is supplied by either:

- the other engine through the crossbleed system


- the APU and in that case, all the air bled from the APU is used for
starting
- an external source able to supply a pressure between 30 and 40 psig.

Dry Cranking (Test No 1)

Requirement
A dry motoring of the engine will be needed when:

it is necessary to eliminate any fuel accumulated in the combustion


chamber
- a leak ckeck of engine systems is needed.

To perform this operation, the starter is engaged and the engine is motored
but the HP fuel shut off valve remains closed and both ignition systems are
OFF.
An engine dry motoring can be performed for a maximum of three
consecutive cycles (2 of 2 minutes and 1 of 1 minute with a cooling period of
15 seconds between each cycles).
After three cycles or 4 minutes of continuous cranking, stop for a cooling
period of 30 minutes.

ISSUE 1, 12 Aug 2016 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY Page 14


Airbus A318/A319/A320/A321 (CFM56) and
Airbus A319/A320/A321 (IAE V2500) ATA 80
(sub-) cat.B1.1/ B2 STARTING - IAE V2500 AVIET TRAINING

Dry Cranking Procedure

OVERHEAD PANEL 22VU

PUSH ONE L/H BOOST PUMP P/B


TOON' BOOST PUMP STARTS TO RUN

PULL C/B; HP FUEL SOV LP FUEL SOV OPENS (ECAM


WARNING)

PUT MODE SELECTOR


TO CRANK' POSITION ECAM ENG START PAGE
APPEARS

CHECK STARTER AIR PRESSURE MIN. 30 PSI

PUSH 'MAN START PB TO 'ON' START VALVE OPENS

MONITOR INDICATIONS N2 AND N1 COMES INTO VIEW


MASTER 1
ENG N2, N1 AND OIL PRESSURE
MASTER 2 MUST INCREASE

AFTER MAX. 2 MINUTES


ENG ENG RELEASE MAN START' PB TO OFF START VALVE CLOSES,ENGINE
1 10 DE
NORM
2 INDICATIONS-BACK TO O'

IGN/ PUT MODE SELECTOR ECAM ENG START PAGE


CRANr, START TO 'NORM' POSITION DISAPPEARS

FIRE PUSH C/B: HP FUEL SOV LP FUEL SOV CLOSES


‘ FIRE
FAULT FAULT

Figure 7. Panels

ISSUE 1, 12 Aug 2016 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY Page 15


Airbus A318/A319/A320/A321 (CFM56) and
Airbus A319/A320/A321 (IAE V2500) ATA 80
(sub-) cat.B1.1/ B2 STARTING - IAE V2500 AVIET TRAINING

WET CRANKING

Wet Cranking (Test No 2)

A wet motoring will be needed when the integrity of the fuel system has to be
checked.
If such a test is performed, both ignition systems are off (also pull the circuit
breakers) and the starter is engaged to raise N2 up to the required speed of
20 % .
The MASTER control switch is moved to ON and the exhaust nozzle of the
engine carefully monitored to detect any trace of fuel. On the ECAM the FF
indication shows approx. 180kg initial fuel flow.
When the MASTER control switch will be returned to the OFF position to
shut-off the fuel, also the starter valve closes. The EEC automatically
reengages the starter at 10% N2 and the engine should be motored for at
least 60 seconds to eliminate entrapped fuel or vapor.
The motoring can be performed for a maximum of three consecutive cycles
(2 of 2 minutes and 1 of 1 minute with a cooling period of 15 seconds
between each cycles).
After three cycles or 4 miutes of continuous cranking, stop for a cooling
period of 30 minutes.

ISSUE 1, 12 Aug 2016 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY Page 16


Airbus A318/A319/A320/A321 (CFM56) and
Airbus A319/A320/A321 (IAE V2500) ATA 80
(sub-) cat.B1.1/ B2 STARTING - IAE V2500 AVIET TRAINING

Wet Cranking Procedure PULL IGNITION SYSTEM C/B'S (5)

OVERHEAD PANEL 22VU PUSH ONE L/H BOOST PUMP P/B '
TOON' BOOST PUMP STARTS TO RUN
DO NOT PULL C/B: HP FUEL SOV

PUT MODE SELECTOR


TO CRANK' POSITION ECAM ENG START PAGE
APPEARS

CHECK STARTER AIR PRESSURE MIN. 30 PSI

PUSH 'MAN START' PB TO 'ON' START VALVE OPENS

MONITOR INDICATIONS N2 AND N1 COMES INTO VIEW


N2, N1 AND OIL PRESSURE
MUST INCREASE
WHEN N2 SPEED IS >20%

MASTER 1
ENG PUT ENG MASTER SWITCH TO 'ON' FUEL FLOW INDICATION
MASTER 2 INCREASES

AFTER 10-20 SECONDS


EN6 ENG PUT ENG MASTER SWITCH TO 'OFF' FUEL FLOW INDICATION GOES
1 MODE
NORM
2 TO Ό* START VALVE CLOSES

IGN/ WHEN N2 SPEED REACHES 10% THE EEC RE-ENGAGES THE


CRANK START STARTER

FIRE AFTER 60 SECONDS MOTORING


FIRE
FAULT RELEASE MAN START PB TO OFF START VALVE CLOSES.ENGINE
FAULT INDICATIONS
-BACK TO O'

PUT MODE SELECTOR ECAM ENG START PAGE


TO 'NORM' POSITION DISAPPEARS

ISSUE 1, 12 Aug 2016 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY Page 17


Airbus A318/A319/A320/A321 (CFM56) and
Airbus A319/A320/A321 (IAE V2500) ATA 80
(sub-) cat.B1.1/ B2 STARTING - IAE V2500 AVIET TRAINING

AUTOMATIC START

The automatic start mode gives the EEC full control to automatically Start valve failure
sequence the starter air valve, ignition relays and the fuel on / off torque Ignition failure
motor. Upon receipt of the appropriate start command signals from the Pressure Raising Shut Off Valve failure
engine interface unit (EIU), the EEC commands, in sequence: Hot start
Hung start
- the starter air valve Surge
ignition exiter relay(s), EGT >250 deg C when restart (max 2 min)
Loss of EGT
1. alternatively selected for each ground start
2. both selected for inflight or manual starts | Note: The oil pressure is not monitored during Auto Start!
fuel on function of the torque motor which opens the shutoff valve.
The EEC automatically shuts off fuel, ignition, and starter air and provides the
During a normal start, the starter air valve and ignition exciter are appropriate fault indication to the cockpit. (Auto Start Fault)
automatically turned off by the EEC at a predetermined N2 speed of 43%. Autostart fault messages will be displayed until approximately idle speed.
Starter assist will be comanded by the EEC for inflight starts at low MACH The EEC's ability to shut off fuel is inhibited above 43% N2 on the ground
numbers where windmilling conditions are insufficient for engine starting. and at all conditions inflight. In case of an automatic start abort, the EEC re­
(The EEC has input data necessary to activate starter assist function where opens the start valve when reaching 10% N2 for a 30 second dry motoring
necessary.) cycle to clear fuel vapor and to cool the engine.
Then the operator has to select the Master switch to the OFF position by a
Note: In case a Auto Start is initiated and one thrust lever is not in idle command indicated on the ECAM page ("Master lever OFF").
position a ECAM warning is triggert. The start sequence will contiue and the The operator then has to decide to perform a new engine start or
^engine will accelerate to the trust lever position. troubleshoot the system.

EEC Auto Start Abbort

The autostart procedure commences only when the engine is not running,
the mode selector set to IGN/START and the master switch is ON.
Intermittent mode selector position or manual start push button switch
selection has no effect on autostart sequence once the autostart procedure is
initiated.
Switching the master switch OFF during an autostart will close the fuel and
starter air valves and turn the ignition system off. It also resets the EEC.
The automatic start abort function is only available when N2 speed is below
43% and in case of:

ISSUE 1, 12 Aug 2016 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY Page 18


Airbus A318/A319/A320/A321 (CFM56) and
Airbus A319/A320/A321 (IAE V2500) ATA 80
(sub-) cat.B1.1/ B2 STARTING - IAE V2500 AVIET TRAINING

Automatic Start Procedure

Panel 115 VU ECAM ENG Start Page is displayed, the airpreessure ( HP-Connection or
Turn Mode Selector to IGNSTART Position APU ) must be 30-40 psi.

Figure 9. Panel 115VU


Panel 115 VU
Set the ENG-MASTER switch to ON ( The Pack valves also "Close")
On the ENG Start Page:

the starter valve symbole goes in line (open)

After 50 seconds:

the A or B IGN indication comes in to view


the FUEL FLOW indication 180KG/H comes into view
Figure 10. Panel 115VU the EGT rises (max. 20 sec. after FF).
Upper ECAM
MONITOR: EPR, N1, N2, EGT, FF at 43% N2 the starter valve symbole must
go to cross line (closed) - IGN OFF
Panel 115 VU Check Oil Pressure min. 60psi.
Turn Mode Selector to NORM record the start EGT (R/U sheet)

Figure 11. Panel 115VU

ISSUE 1, 12 Aug 2016 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY Page 19


Airbus A318/A319/A320/A321 (CFM56) and
Airbus A319/A320/A321 (IAE V2500) ATA 80
(sub-) cat.B1.1/ B2 STARTING - IAE V2500 AVIET TRAINING

Manual Start Manual Start Procedure

The engine manual start panel, used for manual start, is located on the Panel 115 VU
overhead panel and is composed of two manual start push button switches Turn MODE Selector to IGN / START Position
(one per engine).
The manual start mode limits the authority of the EEC so that the pilot can
sequence the starter, ignition and fuel on/off manually. This includes the
ability to dry crank or wet crank.
During manual Start operation, the EEC Auto Startabort feature is not
available and conventional monitoring of the start parameters is required.
The EEC continues to provide fault indications to the cockpit.
The manual start procedure commences when the mode selector is set to:
IGN/START,
the manual start push button switch is set to ON and the master switch is Figure 12. Panel 115VU
OFF. Panel 122 VU
The starter air valve is then commanded open by the EEC. Push the MAN START PB
When the master switch is turned ON (at 22% N2) during a manual start,
both ignitors are energized (IGN A/B) and fuel is turned on (Intial FF 180
KG/H).
Intermittent mode selector position has no effect on the manual start
sequence once the manual start procedure is initiated.
The starter air valve can be closed by selecting the manual start push button
switch OFF at any time prior to turning the master switch ON.
Once the master switch is turned ON, the manual start push button switch
has no effect on the start.
When the master switch is turned OFF, the control commands the HP fuel
valve closed, the starter air valve closed and the ignitors off and the EEC is Panel 115 VU
resetted. at 22% N2: set the ENG MASTER switch to ON

Figure 14. Panel 115VU

ISSUE 1, 12 Aug 2016 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY Page 20


Airbus A318/A319/A320/A321 (CFM56) and
Airbus A319/A320/A321 (IAE V2500) ATA 80
(sub-) cat.B1.1/ B2 STARTING - IAE V2500 AVIET TRAINING

ECAM ENG START Page is displayed, the airpressure ( HP - Connection or


APU ) must be 30 - 40 psi

Panel 115U
-Turn MODE Selector to NORM

- the blue ON Ight of this PB comes on.

On the ENG Start Page : -the starter valve symbole

- goes in line (open). (-PACK VALVES closed )


- N2, Oilpressure and N1 must increase Figure 15. Panel 115VU
Panel 122 VU
- A and B indication comes in to view below IGN -release the MAN START PB
- FUEL FLOW indication 180KG/H
- EGT rise (max. 20 sec. after FF)

- at43% N2 the starter valve symbole mustgo to cross line (closed)


- IGN OFF -Check Oil Pressure min. 60psi.
- record the start EGT (R/U sheet)

Figure 16. Panel 122VU

ISSUE 1, 12 Aug 2016 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY Page 21


Airbus A318/A319/A320/A321 (CFM56) and
Airbus A319/A320/A321 (IAE V2500) ATA 80
(sub-) cat.B1.1/ B2 STARTING - IAE V2500 AVIET TRAINING

THIS PAGE IS INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

ISSUE 1, 12 Aug 2016 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY Page 22


© AVIET All rights reserved. Confidential and
proprietary document.
This document and all information contained herein is the sole
property of AVIET. No intellectual property rights are granted
by the delivery of this document or the disclosure of its
content. This document shall not be reproduced or
disclosed to a third party without the express written consent
of AVIET. This document and its content shall not be used for
any purpose other than that for which it is supplied.
The statements made herein do not constitute an offer. They
are based on the mentioned assumptions and are expressed
in good faith. Where the supporting grounds for these
statements are not shown, AVIET will be pleased to explain
the basis thereof.

AVIATION MAINTENANCE TRAINING