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HINDUSTAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & SCIENCE

SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE
QUESTION BANK - RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

PART A (10 X 2 = 20)

1. Who should do a research?

Students should conduct research if they want to:

 explore their curiosity and commit to scholarly investigations in an area of


interest;
 pose new questions or present new ways of thinking about a given issue or
topic;
 be creative and open to making discoveries;
 grow as an independent and critical thinker;
 advance their analytic skills;
 sharpen problem-solving skills;
 meet new people with similar interests;
 collaborate effectively on a team;
 work with a faculty mentor and other experienced researchers;
 enhance professional communication skills;
 apply concepts learned in coursework to simulated or real-life situations.

2. Define “Research”.
A careful consideration of study regarding a particular concern or problem using scientific
methods. According to the American sociologist Earl Robert Babbie, “Research is a
systematic inquiry to describe, explain, predict, and control the observed phenomenon.

3. What are the advantages of doing research?


Research improves services and treatments not just for you but also for future
generations. It helps develop new tests for diagnosis, treatments and processes that
could eventually help your children, or even your grandchildren. You may gain access to
treatments that are not yet readily available to the public.

4. Mention any two types of research.


Qualitative research
Quantitative research

5. What is research process?


The research process involves identifying, locating, assessing, and analyzing the information you
need to support your research question, and then developing and expressing your ideas.

6. Define: “Hypothesis”.
A hypothesis is a tentative statement about the relationship between two or more variables. It is
a specific, testable, prediction about what you expect to happen in a study.

7. What is the importance of selecting a topic in research?


The selection of the research topic is one of the most important consideration of
every research. A research topic forms the basis for all the efforts a researcher puts in
the research. For some people it is easy to choose a research topic as they find some
idea in their surrounding or through brainstorming.

8. What is survey?
A Survey is defined as a research method used for collecting data from a pre-defined group
of respondents to gain information and insights on various topics of interest.

9. What is the role of internet in doing a research?


The Internet is a very powerful worldwide instrument, which serves as a good source
for research work and learning. It generates current information, facts-finding, and is the
most outstanding invention in the area of communication in the history of human race

10. What is primary data?


Primary data is data that is collected by a researcher from first-hand sources, using
methods like surveys, interviews, or experiments. It is collected with the research project in
mind, directly from primary sources.

11. How will you tag it as ‘secondary’ data?


This tag list should be used by teams classifying secondary data. It provides
sectors, subsectors and a short explanation of what is meant by each. Correct
sector tagging is the most important. The use of subsectors is optional, but if
desired, should follow the subsectors in this document and be tagged in a
separate column to the column dedicated to sectors.

12. What are the procedures in framing a questionnaire?


There are at least nine distinct steps: decide on the information required; define the
target respondents, select the method(s) of reaching the respondents; determine
question content; word the questions; sequence the questions;
check questionnaire length; pre-test the questionnaire and develop the
final questionnaire

13. What is a report?


Research reports are recorded data prepared by researchers or statisticians after analyzing
information gather by conducting organized research

14. What is the difference between bibliography and reference?


A bibliography will contain all research materials, including books, magazines,
periodicals, websites and scientific papers, which you have
referred. References contain source of material like quotes or texts, which has been
actually used when writing an essay or book. ... But bibliography comes after
the reference list

15. Define: ‘Citation’.


A citation is a formal reference to a published or unpublished source that you consulted
and obtained information from while writing your research paper.

16. Give a template of a reference.

 Author.
 Title of conference paper followed by, In:
 Editor/Organisation (if it is an editor always put (ed.) after the name)
 Title (this should be in italics)
 Place of publication.
 Publisher.
 Year of publication.
 Page numbers (use 'p' before single and multiple page numbers)

17. What is an abstract?

An abstract is a brief summary of a research article, thesis, review, conference


proceeding, or any in-depth analysis of a particular subject and is often used to help the
reader quickly ascertain the paper's purpose.

18. What are called keywords in a paper?


 Keywords are words that capture the essence of your paper. Keywords make
your paper searchable and ensure that you get more citations. Therefore, it is important
to include the most relevant keywords that will help other authors find your paper

19. Define: Impact Factor.


The impact factor (IF) is a measure of the frequency with which the average article in a
journal has been cited in a particular year. It is used to measure the importance or rank of a
journal by calculating the times it's articles are cited.

20. How will you mention a source of a data in report?


To cite a report in a reference entry, include the author, year, title of the report,
the report number (if there is one), the location of the publisher, and the publisher. In-
text citations would follow the typical format of including the author (or authoring
organization) and year of publication.

21. Define: “Hypothesis”.


22. What is the importance of selecting a topic in research?
23. What is sampling?
Sampling is a process used in statistical analysis in which a predetermined number of
observations are taken from a larger population. The methodology used to sample from
a larger population depends on the type of analysis being performed but may include
simple random sampling or systematic sampling

24. What is the role of internet in doing a research?


25. What is primary data?
26. Define: ‘Citation’.
27. Give a template of a reference.
28. What is an abstract in a paper?
29. Mention any two steps to prepare a research thesis book?
30. Define: Impact Factor.

PART B (5 X 16 = 80)

1. Using the definitions of Godwin Colibao, John W.Creswell and Merrian webster, Explain all the
definitions of research in detail.
2. What are the eleven steps of research synopsis? Explain them in detail.
3. Explain the following:
i. Experience
ii. Reasoning
iii. Research
4. What are the benefits of research methodology? Explain in detail using examples.
5. Explain in detail the qualities of good research. Explain it with an example.
6. What are the types of research? Explain them in detail using flow chart and examples.
7. “A problem well-defined is well solved” – Explain the basic ethics and truth behind this
statement with respect to research.
8. Demonstrate the differences between the qualitative research and quantitative research.
9. Draw the flow chart of a research methodology and explain every stage in detail.
10. Differentiate the primary data and secondary data. Explain the importance of both in research.
11. Explain the following:
i. Observation
ii. Analysis
iii. Synthesis
iv. Interpretation.
12. Create a research topic in your interest area under architecture and explain in detail the
complete research methodology of it.
13. Explain in detail the following:
i. The close ended questions
ii. The open ended questions
14. Differentiate the advantages and disadvantages of interviews in data collection.
15. Create a complete template of a RESEARCH THESIS REPORT.
16. What are the styles of ‘reference writing’ available? Explain them in detail using examples.
17. Explain the detailed steps of doing a survey using an example of a research.
18. Describe the importance of doing case studies in a research and how they will turn into
important data in a finding.
19. Explain the importance of paper publication in any research. Differentiate the national and
international journals in terms of research publication.
20. “It is a report that communicates properly and result to clients”. Write an essay on this
statement.
21. Using the definitions of Godwin Colibao, John W.Creswell and Merrian webster, Explain all the
definitions of research in detail.
22. Explain in detail the types of researches and give few examples for each.
23. With a flowchart, explain the differences between deductive and inductive researches using
examples.
24. Explain in detail the following:
i. The close ended questions
ii. The open ended questions
25. Explain in detail the types of plagiarism, the way to detect it, its consequences and the way to
prevent it.
26. Using ‘unethical’ research examples, elucidate the importance of following ethics in research.
27. Explain in detail the Nuremberg’s code and describe all the ten codes with examples.
28. Compare National research act 1974 and the Belmont report 1979.
29. Using parametric and non-parametric statistics, explain in detail level of measurement in
research data analysis.
30. With a neat flow chart, describe the procedure of writing a thesis report for a research step by
step.