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PHILIPPINE NATIONAL

STANDARD PNS/BAFS 127:2014


ICS 67.080.20

Fresh vegetables – Winged beans – Classification


and grading

BUREAU OF PRODUCT STANDARDS

Member to the International Organization for Standardization (ISO)


Standards and Conformance Portal: www.bps.dti.gov.ph
PHILIPPINE NATIONAL STANDARD PNS/BAFS 127:2014
Fresh vegetables – Winged beans – Classification and grading

Foreword

The Philippine National Standard for Fresh vegetables – Winged beans – Classification and
grading (PNS/BAFS 127:2014) was developed by the Technical Working Group (TWG) on the
Development of PNS for Winged beans. The group was organized by the Bureau of Agriculture
and Fisheries Standards (BAFS) through Special Order No. 144 series of 2013 to present
common information and understanding on the quality and safety requirements for winged
beans. The TWG conducted technical reviews and public consultations in the three major
islands of the country to generate further scientific data and opinions needed prior to the
finalization of this Standard.

PNS/BAFS 127:2014 aims to provide common understanding on the scope, definitions,


minimum requirements, classification, size classification, tolerances, sampling, packaging,
marking and labeling, contaminants, and hygiene.
PHILIPPINE NATIONAL STANDARD PNS/BAFS 127:2014
Fresh vegetables – Winged beans – Classification and grading

1 Scope

This Standard applies to varieties of winged beans locally known as sigarilyasand kalamismis,
PsophocarpustetragonolobusL.DC of the Fabaceaefamily, to be supplied fresh to the consumer
after preparation and packaging. Winged beans for industrial processing are excluded.

2 References

The titles of the publications referred to in this standard are listed in the inside back cover.

3 Definitions

For purposes of this standard, the following definitions shall apply:

3.1 clean
practically free from stain, pests and diseases, cuts and bruises, dirt or other foreign matter

3.2 damage
any specific defect which detracts from the appearance of the edible or marketing quality of
winged beans

3.3 deformed
a pod is badly constricted, crooked, curled, twisted, or badly malformed

3.4 fresh
a pod is not wilted and flabby

3.5 foreign matter


shall include, but not limited to pests, dust, dirt, plastic, and stone which are extraneous or
foreign towinged beans

3.6 overmature
apod is fibrous and not knotty

3.7 practically free


almost free of the concerned items

3.8 similar varietal characteristics


pods of winged beans are of the same general characteristics such as shape, length and color

3.9 sound
free from rotting and deterioration

4 Provisions concerning quality

4.1 Minimum requirements

In all classes, subject to the special provisions for each class and the tolerances allowed, the
winged beans must be:
─ whole;
─ sound;
PNS/BAFS 127:2014

─ fresh;
─ young;
─ tender;
─ clean;
─ practically free of pests affecting the general appearance of the produce;
─ practically free of damage caused by pests
─ free of external moisture, except for condensation following removal from cold
storage;
─ free of any foreign smell and/or taste;
─ free of damage caused by low and/or high temperatures;
─ free of deformities; and
─ having a pedicel not more than 10 mm in length which must be smoothly
cut.However, its absence is not considered a defect, provided that the pedicel
attachment is dry and whole.

4.1.1 The winged beans must have been carefully picked at its immature stage (about 15 days
from flower opening) for vegetable purposes.

The development and condition of the winged beans must enable them to:

─ withstand transport and handling; and


─ arrive in satisfactory condition at the place of destination.

5 Classification

Winged beans are classified in three classes defined below:

5.1 Extra class

Winged beans in this class must be of superior quality. They must be uniform in shape and color
of the variety. They must be free of defects and damage, with the exception of very slight
superficial defects, provided these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, quality,
keeping quality and presentation in the package. The pedicel must be intact.

5.2 Class I

Winged beans in this class must be of good quality and show the typical color and shape of the
variety. The following slight defects, however, may be allowed, provided these do not affect the
general appearance of the produce, quality, keeping quality and presentation in the package:

─ slight defects in shape; and


─ slight skin defects ( bruises, sunburn); the maximum total surface area should not
exceed 10%.
The defects must not, in any case, affect the flesh of the pod. The pedicel may be slightly
damaged.

5.3 Class II

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PNS/BAFS 127:2014

This class includes winged beans which do not qualify for inclusion in the higher classes, but
satisfies the minimum requirements specified in Clause 4.1 above. The following defects
however may be allowed, provided the winged beans retain their essential characteristics with
regards to quality, keeping quality and presentation:

─ defects in shape; and


─ slight skin defects (bruises, sunburn) and the maximum total surface area should not
exceed 15%.

The defects must not, in any case, affect the flesh of the pod. The pedicel may be slightly
damaged.
6 Tolerance
6.1 Quality tolerance

6.1.1 Extra class


Ten percent by weight of winged beans not satisfying the requirementsof the class but meeting
those of Class I, or exceptionally coming within the tolerance of that class is allowed.
6.1.2 Class I

Ten percent by weight of winged beans not satisfying the requirements of the class, but meeting
those of Class II, or exceptionally coming within the tolerance of that class is allowed.
6.1.3 Class II

Ten percent by number or weight of winged beans satisfying neither the requirements of the
class nor the minimum requirements, with the exception of produce affected by rotting, is
allowed.
7 Sampling

Sampling for ascertaining the conformance shall be in accordance with PNS/ISO 874(Annex
1).
8 Provisions concerning presentation
8.1 Uniformity

The contents of each package must be uniform and contain only winged beans of the same
origin, variety,quality andsize. The visible part of the contents of the package must be
representative of the entire contents.
8.2 Packaging

Winged beans must be packed in such a way as to protect the produce properly. The materials
used inside the packages must be new1, clean and of a quality such as to avoid causing any
external or internal damage to the produce. The use of materials, particularly of paper or stamps
bearing trade specifications, is allowed, provided that the printing or labeling has been done
with a non-toxic ink or glue.

________________________
1
For the purposes of this Standard, this includes recycled material of food grade quality.

Winged beans shall be packed in each container in compliance with the Recommended Code of
Practice for Packaging and Transport of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables (CAC/RCP 44-1995).

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PNS/BAFS 127:2014

8.2.1 Description of Containers

The containers shall meet the quality, hygiene, ventilation and resistance characteristics to
ensure suitable handling, shipping and preserving of the winged beans. Packages must be free
of all foreign matters or smell.

9 Marking and labeling

9.1 Consumer packages

In addition to the requirements of the Codex General Standard for the Labeling of Prepackaged
Foods (CODEX STAN 1-1985), each package shall be legibly labeled with the following
information:

9.1.1 Name of produce and variety.

9.1.2 Class.

9.1.3 Net weight (optional).

9.1.4 Name and address of producer, trader, exporter, packer and/or dispatcher.
Identification code (optional)2.

9.1.5 Place of origin (farm and, optionally, province where grown or name of local place).

9.1.6 Date of harvest.

9.1.7 Official inspection mark and/or product certification mark (optional).

9.1.8 Product of the Philippines.

9.2 Non-retail containers

Each package must bear the abovementioned particulars, in letters grouped on the same side,
legibly and indelibly marked and visible from the outside or on the accompanying documents.

10 Contaminants

10.1 Heavy metals

Winged beans shall comply with those maximum levels for heavy metals established by the
Codex Alimentarius Commission or authority for this commodity (Annex 2).

________________________
2
In the case where a code mark is used, the reference “packer and/or dispatcher (or equivalent abbreviations)”
has to be indicated in close connection with the code mark.

10.2 Pesticide residues

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PNS/BAFS 127:2014

Winged beans shall comply with those maximum residue limits established by the Codex
Alimentarius Commission or authority for this commodity.

11 Hygiene

11.1 It is recommended that the produce covered by the provisions of this Standard be
prepared and handled in accordance with the appropriate sections of the Recommended Code
of Practice – General Principles of Food Hygiene (CAC/RCP 1-1969), Recommended Code of
Hygienic Practice for Fresh Fruits and Vegetables (CAC/RCP 53-2003), and other relevant
Codex texts such as Codes of Hygienic Practice and Codes of Practice.

11.2 The produce shall comply with the microbiological criteria established in accordance
with the Principles for the Establishment and Application of Microbiological Criteria for Foods
(CAC/GL 21-1997).

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PNS/BAFS 127:2014

Annex 1

Method of Sampling

1. Preparation of the lot for sampling

The lot shall be prepared for sampling in such a way that samples can be taken without hindrance or
delay. The samples shall be taken by the interested parties or by a representative authority.

Each lot shall be sampled separately, but if the lot shows damage due to transport, the damaged portions
of the lot shall be isolated and sampled separately from the sound portions. It shall be divided into
uniform lots and each lot shall be sampled by agreement between buyer and seller, unless they have
decided otherwise.

2. Increments

Increments shall be taken at random from different places and from different levels in the lot.

2.1 Packaged products

In the case of packaged products (wooden packages, cardboard packages, bags, etc.), the samples shall
be taken at random in accordance with table 1.

Table 1 – Number of packages to be taken

Number of similar packages in the lot Number of packages to be taken,


each constituting an increment
Up to 100 5
101 to 300 7
301 to 500 9
501 to 1000 10
Over 1000 15 (min.)

2.2 Products in bulk

At least five increments shall be taken from each lot, corresponding to a total mass or a total number of
bundles as given in table 2.

Table 2 – Size of increments

Mass of lot (in kg) Total mass of increments (in kg) or


or total number of bundles in lot total number of bundles to be taken
Up to 200 10
201 to 500 20
501 to 1000 30
1001 to 5000 60
Over 5000 100 (min.)

In the case of large fruits and vegetables (over 2 kg per unit) the increments shall consist of at least five
units.

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PNS/BAFS 127:2014

Annex 1 (Cont…)

3. Preparation of bulk sample or reduced sample

The bulk sample is formed, if required, by assembling and, if possible, mixing the increments. The
reduced sample, if required, is obtained by reduction of the bulk sample.

On-the-spot examination is carried out on the bulk sample or the reduced sample and this shall be carried
out as quickly as possible after sampling in order to avoid any change in the characteristics to be
examined.

4. Size of laboratory samples

The size of the laboratory samples depends on the laboratory tests to be carried out, which shall be
indicated in the contract. Minimum quantities are given in table 3.

Table 3 – Size of laboratory samples

Product Size of laboratory


sample
Small fruits, medlars, walnuts, hazelnuts, almonds, chestnuts 1 kg
and vegetables other than those listed below
Cherries, morello cherries, plums 2 kg
Apricots, bananas, quinces, citrus fruits, peaches, apples, pears, 3 kg
grapes, avocados, garlic, aubergines, beetroots, cucumbers,
turnips, cabbages, root vegetables, onions, paprika, radishes,
tomatoes
Pumpkins. melons, water-melons, pineapples 5 units
Cabbages, cauliflowers, red cabbages, lettuces 10 heads
Sweet corn 10 cobs
Vegetables in bundles 10 bundles

Source:
PNS/ISO 874. 1980. Fresh Fruits and Vegetables - Sampling.

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PNS/BAFS 127:2014

Annex 2

Table 5 – Heavy metals for winged beans

Heavy Metal Maximum level (mg/kg)


Arsenic (As) 0.1
Cadmium (Cd) 0.1
Lead (Pb) 0.2

Source:
CODEX STAN 193-1995. Codex General Standard for Contaminants and Toxins in Food and
Feed.(www.codexalimentarius.org)

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PNS/BAFS 127:2014

Appendix A

Photos of Winged Beans

(a)

(b)

Photos courtesy of (a) www.marketmanila.com; and (b) www.ebay.com

Fig 1 – Quality winged beans

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PNS/BAFS 127:2014

(a) Deformed (b) Pest damage

(c) Skin defects of more than 15%

Photos courtesy of:


(a) thaifoodandtravel.com;
(b) africanaussie.blogspot.com; and
(c) www.shutterstock.com

Fig 2 – Winged beans with unacceptable damages

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References PNS/BAFS 127:2014

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For
dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the
referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

Agriculture Code. Production, Processing, and Sale of Horticultural Products: Grading, Packing
and Inspecting Horticultural Products. Chapter 91. General Grades and Packs of Fruits
and Vegetables. p.11 – 12. (http://tlo2.tlc.state.tx.us).

CAC/GL 21-1997. Principles for the Establishment and Application of Microbiological Criteria
for Foods. Food and Agriculture Organization /World Health Organization Codex
Alimentarius Commission. Rome, Italy. (www.codexalimentarius.org)

CAC/RCP 53-2003. Recommended Code of Hygienic Practice for Fresh Fruits and Vegetables.
Food and Agriculture Organization /World Health Organization Codex Alimentarius
Commission. Rome, Italy. (www.codexalimentarius.org)

CAC/RCP 44-1995. Recommended Code of Practice for Packaging and Transport of Fresh
Fruits and Vegetables. Food and Agriculture Organization /World Health Organization
Codex Alimentarius Commission. Rome, Italy. (www.codexalimentarius.org)

CAC/RCP 1-1969. Recommended Code of Practice – General Principles of Food Hygiene. Food
and Agriculture Organization /World Health Organization Codex Alimentarius
Commission. Rome, Italy. (www.codexalimentarius.org)

CODEX STAN 193-1995. Codex General Standard for Contaminants and Toxins in Food and
Feed. Food and Agriculture Organization /World Health Organization Codex
Alimentarius Commission. Rome, Italy. (www.codexalimentarius.org)

CODEX STAN 1-985. Codex General Standard for the Labeling of Prepackaged Foods. Food
and Agriculture Organization /World Health Organization Codex Alimentarius
Commission. Rome, Italy. (www.codexalimentarius.org)

PNS/ISO 874:2011. Fresh Fruits and Vegetables - Sampling.

www.answers.com/topic/winged-bean

www.marketmanila.com/.../sigarilyas-winged-bean

www.pinoy-entrepreneur.com/.../winged-bean
Department of Agriculture
Bureau of Agriculture and Fisheries Standards
Technical Working Group – Development of PNS for Winged Beans

Chair/ Expert Involved Co – Chair

Dr. Rodel G. Maghirang Dr. Leoncia L. Tandang


Professor Dean, College of Agriculture
Institute of Plant Breeding Benguet State University
UP Los Baños, Laguna La Trinidad, Benguet

Members

Dr. Pablito P. Pamplona Dr. Emma S. Data


Co-owner Professor VI
Triple-P Farms & Nursery Philippine Rootcrops Research
Kabacan, Cotabato & Training Center
Visayas State University, Baybay, Leyte

Dr. Roberto E. Coronel Ms. Solidad Bernardo


Professor Emeritus National Agriculture and Fishery
CouncilInstitute of Plant Breeding Department of Agriculture
UP Los Baños, Laguna

Secretariat

Bureau of Agriculture and Fisheries Standards

Chair

Mr. Leo P. Cañeda, CESO III


OIC – Executive Director

Members

Ms. Angelina A. Bondad


Chief Science Research Specialist VI

Mr. Mark F. Matubang


Science Research Specialist II

your partner in product quality and safety

BUREAU OF PRODUCT STANDARDS

3F Trade and Industry Building


361 Sen. Gil J. Puyat Avenue, Makati City 1200, Metro Manila, Philippines
T/ (632) 751.3125 / 751.3123 / 751.4735
F/ (632) 751.4706 / 751.4731
E-mail : bps@dti.gov.ph
www.dti.gov.ph