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Example: Composite floor slab

CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 1 of 12


Title Example: Composite floor slab

Eurocode Ref EN 1994-1-1, EN 1993-1-3, EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1


Made by Jonas Gozzi Date March 2005
Checked by Bernt Johansson Date April 2005

Example: Composite floor slab


This example shows the design of a composite floor slab for both
construction stage and composite stage. The composite slab is checked at
both ultimate limit state and serviceability limit state.

In many markets there are benefits in avoiding propped construction but in


this example props are used for pedagogical reasons. The slab considered is
propped, as shown below

[mm]

P P P
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1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800

P are temporary props during casting of the concrete

Sheeting data:
The characteristic values for the chosen sheeting are as follows: From trade
2 literature
Yield strength fyp,k = 320 N/mm
Thickness ts = 0,778 mm
Effective steel area Ap = 955 mm2/m
Second moment of area of steel core Ip = 33,0 × 104 mm4/m
Plastic bending resistance Mpa,Rk = 5,29 kNm/m
Sagging bending resistance M a,+Rk = 3,41 kNm/m

Hogging bending resistance M a,−Rk = 2,86 kNm/m


Resistance to support reaction Rw,k = 34,0 kN/m
Resistance to horizontal shear τu,Rk = 0,306 N/mm2
Created on Tuesday, June 09, 2009
Example: Composite floor slab

CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 2 of 12


Title Example: Composite floor slab

Eurocode Ref EN 1994-1-1, EN 1993-1-3, EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1


Made by Jonas Gozzi Date March 2005
Checked by Bernt Johansson Date April 2005

Slab data:
Slab depth ht = 120 mm
Slab mean depth hred = 103,5 mm
Slab depth above sheeting hc = 75 mm
Effective depth dp = 101 mm
Concrete C25/30 fck = 25 N/mm2
Ecm = 31000 N/mm2

Sheeting geometry and slab:


[mm]

dp ht
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19

30 27
10

45
50o
60 150

900

Partial safety factors:


• γG = 1,35 (permanent loads) EN 1990
• γQ = 1,5 (variable loads)
• γM0 = 1,0 EN 1993-1-1
• γM1 = 1,0 EN 1993-1-1

• γC = 1,5 EN 1992-1-1

• γVS = 1,25 EN 1994-1-1

Loads:
The slab is designed for both the construction stage and the composite stage.
In the construction stage, the steel sheeting acts as shuttering and has to carry
its own weight, the wet concrete and the construction loads. In the composite
stage the slab has to carry its own weight, floor finishes and the live load. The
following loads are considered in this example:
Created on Tuesday, June 09, 2009
Example: Composite floor slab

CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 3 of 12


Title Example: Composite floor slab

Eurocode Ref EN 1994-1-1, EN 1993-1-3, EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1


Made by Jonas Gozzi Date March 2005
Checked by Bernt Johansson Date April 2005

Construction stage:
Self weight of the sheeting gp = 0,09 kN/m2
Self weight of the wet concrete gc = 2,6 kN/m2
Distributed construction load q1 = 0,75 kN/m2
Concentrated construction load q2 = 1,5 kN/m2
Composite stage:
Self weight of the slab g1 = 2,5 + 0,09 = 2,6 kN/m2
Floor finishes g2 = 1,2 kN/m2
Live load (hotel) q = 5,0 kN/m2

Verification of the sheeting as shuttering


The sheeting resistance needs to be verified in the construction stage in both
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ultimate and serviceability limit state according to EN 1993-1-3.

Ultimate limit state:


Maximum sagging bending moment:

+
M Ed = γ G ⋅ M g+ + γ Q ⋅ M q+

M g+ = M g+p + M g+c = 0, 078 ⋅ 0, 09 ⋅ 1, 82 + 0, 094 ⋅ 2, 6 ⋅ 1, 82 = 0,81 kNm/m

M q+ = 0, 094 ⋅ 1, 5 ⋅ 1, 82 = 0,46 kNm/m


+
M Ed = 1, 35 ⋅ 0, 81 + 1, 5 ⋅ 0, 46 = 1,78 kNm/m
Created on Tuesday, June 09, 2009
Example: Composite floor slab

CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 4 of 12


Title Example: Composite floor slab

Eurocode Ref EN 1994-1-1, EN 1993-1-3, EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1


Made by Jonas Gozzi Date March 2005
Checked by Bernt Johansson Date April 2005

Maximum hogging bending moment:


q2
q1
gc
gp

3000


M Ed = γ G ⋅ M g− + γ Q ⋅ M q− = 1, 35 ⋅ 1, 01 + 1, 5 ⋅ 0, 55 = 2,18 kNm/m

FEd = γ G ⋅ FG + γ Q ⋅ Fq = 1,35 ⋅ 5,75 + 1,5 ⋅ 3,15 = 12,5 kN/m

M g− , M q− , Fg and Fq are calculated by computer.


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Design check:
Positive bending
+
+ M Rk 3,41 +
M Rd = = = 3,41 kNm/m > M Ed =1,78 kNm/m OK
γ M0 1,0
Negative bending

− M Rk 2,86 −
M = = = 2,86 kNm/m > M Ed = 2,18 kNm/m OK
Rd
γ M0 1,0
Support reaction
RRk 34,0
RRd = = = 34,0 kN/m > FEd= 12,5 kN/m OK
γ M1 1,0
Interaction, moment and support reaction

EN 1993-1-3
M Ed F
+ Ed ≤ 1,25 §6.1.11
M Rd Rw,Rd (6.28)
2,18 12, 5
+ = 1,13 < 1, 25 OK
2, 86 34, 0
All design checks are OK at the ultimate limit state.
Created on Tuesday, June 09, 2009
Example: Composite floor slab

CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 5 of 12


Title Example: Composite floor slab

Eurocode Ref EN 1994-1-1, EN 1993-1-3, EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1


Made by Jonas Gozzi Date March 2005
Checked by Bernt Johansson Date April 2005

Serviceability limit state:


The deflection, δs, due to the wet concrete and the self weight of the sheeting EN 1994-1-1
should not, unless otherwise noted in the National Annex, exceed δs,max = §9.6 (2)
L/180.
( 2, 65 ⋅ g p + 3, 4 ⋅ g c ) ⋅ L4
δs =
384 ⋅ EI p

Check if the sheeting is fully effective, i.e. does Ip need to be recalculated due
to local buckling?
Maximum positive moment in serviceability limit state:
M sls = 0, 078 ⋅ 0, 09 ⋅ 1, 82 + 0, 094 ⋅ 2, 6 ⋅ 1,82 = 0,81 kNm/m

Maximum compression stress in top flange:


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M sls 0, 81 ⋅ 106
σ com = ⋅z = ⋅ ( 45 − 19) = 63,8 N/mm2
Ip 33, 0 ⋅ 10 4

fy b/t
λp = = EN 1993-1-5
σ cr 28, 4ε kσ § 4.4
235 235
ε= = = 1,9
σ com 63, 8

with ψ = 1, Table 4.1 gives kσ = 4 EN 1993-1-5


Table 4.1
30 / 0, 778
λp = = 0,36 Æ ρ = 1, 0
28, 4 ⋅ 1, 9 4, 0
Since the reduction factor, ρ = 1, 0 , no reduction of the top flange is necessary,
i.e. Ip is fully effective.
( 2, 65 ⋅ 0, 09 + 3, 4 ⋅ 2, 6) ⋅ 18004
δs = = 3,6 mm
384 ⋅ 210000 ⋅ 33, 0 ⋅ 104
L 1800
δ s,max = = =10 mm > 3,6 mm = δs OK
180 180
The deflection, δs, is less than 1/10 of the slab depth, therefore no ponding EN 1994-1-1
Created on Tuesday, June 09, 2009

effects need to be taken into account. Hence, the serviceability limit state is §9.3.2 (2)
also OK. The sheeting can work as shuttering in the construction stage.
Example: Composite floor slab

CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 6 of 12


Title Example: Composite floor slab

Eurocode Ref EN 1994-1-1, EN 1993-1-3, EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1


Made by Jonas Gozzi Date March 2005
Checked by Bernt Johansson Date April 2005

Verification of the composite slab:


Ultimate limit state:
The continuous slab will be designed as a series of simply supported spans. EN 1994-1-1
§9.4.2 (5)

q
g1+g2

[γ G ⋅ ( g1 + g 2 ) + γ Q ⋅ q] ⋅ L2
M Ed =
8
[1, 35 ⋅ ( 2, 6 + 1, 2) + 1, 5 ⋅ 5, 0] ⋅ 3, 62
M Ed = = 20,5 kNm/m
8
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Design bending resistance:


The sagging bending moment resistance should be calculated from the stress
distribution in the figure below, if the neutral axis is above the sheeting.

0,85 fcd
Nc,f
xpl - EN 1994-1-1
dp
z Mpl,Rd Figure 9.5
+
Np
fyp,d
centroidal axis of the
profiled steel sheeting

Ap ⋅ f yp,d
xpl =
0, 85 ⋅ b ⋅ f cd
f yp,k 320
f yp,d = = = 320 N/mm2
γ M0 1, 0
f ck 25
f cd = = = 16,7 N/mm2
γC 1, 5
Created on Tuesday, June 09, 2009

955 ⋅ 320
χ pl = = 21,6 mm
0,85 ⋅ 1000 ⋅ 16,7
Example: Composite floor slab

CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 7 of 12


Title Example: Composite floor slab

Eurocode Ref EN 1994-1-1, EN 1993-1-3, EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1


Made by Jonas Gozzi Date March 2005
Checked by Bernt Johansson Date April 2005

For full shear connection:

(
M pl,Rd = Ap ⋅ f yd ⋅ d p − xpl / 2 )
M pl,Rd = 955 ⋅ 320 ⋅ (101 − 21, 6 / 2 ) ⋅ 10−3 = 27,5 kNm/m > 20,5 = MEd

Longitudinal shear by partial connection method:


Shear span required for full shear connection EN 1994-1-1
§9.7.3 (8)
N c = τ u,Rd ⋅ b ⋅ Lx ≤ N cf

The distance to the nearest support, Lx, required for full shear connection can
be determined by
N cf Ap ⋅ f yd
Lx = =
b ⋅ τ u,Rd b ⋅ τ u,Rd
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τ u,Rk 0, 306
τ u,Rd = = = 0,245 N/mm2
γ Vs 1, 25
955 ⋅ 320
Lx = = 1247 mm
1000 ⋅ 0,245
Hence, at a distance of 1247 mm from the support a full shear connection is
fulfilled.

Design check using the simplified partial interaction diagram:


For any cross section along the span it has to be shown that the corresponding
design bending moment, MEd, does not exceed the design bending resistance,
MRd. In the figure x is the distance from the support.
Created on Tuesday, June 09, 2009
Example: Composite floor slab

CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 8 of 12


Title Example: Composite floor slab

Eurocode Ref EN 1994-1-1, EN 1993-1-3, EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1


Made by Jonas Gozzi Date March 2005
Checked by Bernt Johansson Date April 2005

MRd, MEd
[kNm/m]
30
Mpl,Rd

MRd
20

10 [γ G ⋅ ( g1 + g 2 ) + γ Q ⋅ q ] ⋅ x
M Ed = ⋅ ( L − x)
Mpa 2

0 x [m]
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0 0.4 0.8 1.2 1.6 2


Lx

M Ed ≤ M Rd for all cross sections

Vertical shear:
[γ G ⋅ ( g1 + g 2 ) + γ Q ⋅ q ] ⋅ L
VEd =
2
[1, 35 ⋅ ( 2, 6 + 1, 2) + 1, 5 ⋅ 5, 0] ⋅ 3, 6
VEd = = 22,7 kN/m
2

Design vertical shear resistance:


Vv,Rd = ⎡⎣CRd,c ⋅ k ⋅ (100 ⋅ ρ I ⋅ f ck )1 / 3 + k1 ⋅ σ cp ⎤⎦ ⋅ bw ⋅ d p EN 1992-1-1
§6.2.2
with a minimum of
Vv,Rd,min = ( vmin + k1 ⋅ σ cp ) ⋅ bw ⋅ d p

0,18 0,18 See Note in


CRd,c = = = 0,12 EN 1992-1-1
γC 1, 5
§6.2.2
200 200
k = 1+ = 1+ = 2, 4
Created on Tuesday, June 09, 2009

dp 101
Example: Composite floor slab

CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 9 of 12


Title Example: Composite floor slab

Eurocode Ref EN 1994-1-1, EN 1993-1-3, EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1


Made by Jonas Gozzi Date March 2005
Checked by Bernt Johansson Date April 2005

Asl
ρl = ≤ 0,02
bw ⋅ d p
Asl is the area of the tension reinforcement in [mm], i.e Asl = Ap
bw = 400 mm/m, i.e. the smallest width in [mm] of the section in the
tension area.
955
ρl = = 0,024 > 0,02 Æ ρl = 0,02
400 ⋅101
N Ed
σ cp = = 0 , since NEd = 0, i.e. no axial forces or prestress.
Ac
See Note in
k1 = 0,15 EN 1992-1-1
§6.2.2
Vv,Rd = ⎡⎣0,12 ⋅ 2, 4 ⋅ (100 ⋅ 0, 02 ⋅ 25)1 / 3 + 0,15 ⋅ 0 ⎤⎦ ⋅ 400 ⋅ 101
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Vv,Rd = 42,8 kN/m

Minimum value
vmin = 0, 035 ⋅ k 3 / 2 ⋅ f ck1/2 = 0, 035 ⋅ 2, 43 / 2 ⋅ 251 / 2 = 0,65
Vv,Rd,min = ( 0, 65 + 0,15 ⋅ 0) ⋅ 400 ⋅ 101 = 26,3 kN/m

Vv,Rd = 42,8 kN/m > 22,7 kNm/m = VEd OK


All design checks of the composite slab in the ultimate limit state are OK.

Serviceability limit state:


Cracking of concrete:
As the slab is designed as simply supported, only anti-crack reinforcement is EN 1994-1-1
needed. The cross-sectional area of the reinforcement above the ribs should be §9.8.1 (2)
not less than 0,4% of the cross-sectional area of the concrete above the ribs.
min As = 0, 004 ⋅ b ⋅ hc = 0, 004 ⋅ 1000 ⋅ 75 = 300 mm2/m

φ8 s160 mm will be enough for this purpose.


Created on Tuesday, June 09, 2009
Example: Composite floor slab

CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 10 of 12


Title Example: Composite floor slab

Eurocode Ref EN 1994-1-1, EN 1993-1-3, EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1


Made by Jonas Gozzi Date March 2005
Checked by Bernt Johansson Date April 2005

Deflection:
For the calculations of the deflections of the slab, the slab is considered to be EN1994-1-1
continuous. The following approximations apply: §9.8.2 (5)
• the second moment of area may be taken as the average of the values
for the cracked and un-cracked section;
• for concrete, an average value of the modular ratio, n, for both long-
and short-term effects may be used.

Ep Ep 210000
n= = = ≈ 10
E '
1 ⎛ E ⎞ 2
cm ⋅ ⎜ Ecm + cm ⎟ ⋅ 31000
2 ⎝ 3 ⎠ 3

Second moment of area for the cracked section


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b ⋅ xc3
I bc = + Ap ⋅ ( d p − xc )2 + I p
3⋅ n

∑ Ai ⋅ zi n ⋅ Ap ⎛ 2 ⋅ b ⋅ dp ⎞
xc = = ⋅⎜ 1+ − 1⎟
∑ Ai b ⎜ n ⋅ Ap ⎟
⎝ ⎠

10 ⋅ 955 ⎛ 2 ⋅ 1000 ⋅ 101 ⎞


xc = ⋅⎜ 1+ − 1⎟ = 35,4 mm
1000 ⎜⎝ 10 ⋅ 955 ⎟

1000 ⋅ 35, 43
I bc = + 955 ⋅ (101 − 35, 4)2 + 33, 0 ⋅ 104 = 5, 92 ⋅ 106 mm4/m
3 ⋅ 10

Second moment of area for the un-cracked section


2
hc ⎞ b0 ⋅ hp b0 ⋅ hp ⎛ hp ⎞
2
b ⋅ hc3 b ⋅ hc
3

I bu = + ⋅ ⎜ xu − ⎟ + + ⋅ ⎜ ht − xu − ⎟ +
12 ⋅ n n ⎝ 2⎠ 12 ⋅ n n ⎝ 2⎠
Ap ⋅ ( d p − xu )2 + I p

hc2 ⎛ h ⎞
b⋅ + b0 ⋅ hp ⋅ ⎜ ht − p ⎟ + n ⋅ Ap ⋅ d p
xu =
2 ⎝ 2⎠
b ⋅ hc + b0 ⋅ hp + n ⋅ Ap
Created on Tuesday, June 09, 2009
Example: Composite floor slab

CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 11 of 12


Title Example: Composite floor slab

Eurocode Ref EN 1994-1-1, EN 1993-1-3, EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1


Made by Jonas Gozzi Date March 2005
Checked by Bernt Johansson Date April 2005

752 ⎛ 45 ⎞
1000 ⋅ + 650 ⋅ 45 ⋅ ⎜ 120 − ⎟ + 10 ⋅ 955 ⋅ 101
xu =
2 ⎝ 2 ⎠
= 58,3 mm
1000 ⋅ 75 + 650 ⋅ 45 + 10 ⋅ 955
2
1000 ⋅ 753 1000 ⋅ 75 ⎛ 75 ⎞ 610 ⋅ 453
I bu = + ⋅ ⎜ 58, 3 − ⎟ + +
12 ⋅ 10 10 ⎝ 2 ⎠ 12 ⋅ 10
2
610 ⋅ 45 ⎛ 45 ⎞
⋅ ⎜120 − 58, 3 − ⎟ + 955 ⋅ (101 − 58, 3)2 +
10 ⎝ 2 ⎠
33, 0 ⋅ 104 = 13, 5 ⋅ 106 mm 4 /m
Average Ib of the cracked and un-cracked section
I bc + I bu 5, 92 + 13, 5
Ib = = ⋅ 106 = 9, 7 ⋅ 106 mm 4 /m
2 2
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Deflections
The total deflection under the worst load case should not exceed L/250. EN1992-1-1
Weight of floor finishes: §7.4.1(4)

0, 0068 ⋅ g 2 ⋅ L4 0, 0068 ⋅ 1, 2 ⋅ 36004


δ c,g = = = 0,67 mm
2
E ⋅ Ib 210000 ⋅ 9, 7 ⋅ 106

Live load, worst case:


q q

0, 0099 ⋅ψ 1 ⋅ q ⋅ L4 0, 0099 ⋅ 0, 7 ⋅ 5, 0 ⋅ 36004


δ c,q = = = 2,86 mm
E ⋅ Ib 210000 ⋅ 9, 7 ⋅ 106

Removal of the props:

G 1' G 1' G 1'

L 3, 6
G1′ = g1 ⋅ = 2, 6 ⋅ = 4,68 kN/m
2 2
Created on Tuesday, June 09, 2009

0, 01146 ⋅ G1′ ⋅ L3 0, 01146 ⋅ 4680 ⋅ 36003


δ c,G ′ = = = 1,23 mm
1 E ⋅ Ib 210000 ⋅ 9, 7 ⋅ 106
e
E x a m p l e : C o m p o s i t

CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 12 of 12


n

Title Example: Composite floor slab


i
u

Eurocode Ref EN 1994-1-1, EN 1993-1-3, EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1


r

Made by Jonas Gozzi Date March 2005


J

Checked by Bernt Johansson Date April 2005


y

Total deflection:
p

δ c = δ c,G ′ + δ c,g + δ c,q = 1, 23 + 0, 67 + 2, 86 = 4,76 mm


2
1
,
o

L 3600
δ c = 4,76 mm < = = 14,4 mm OK
250 250
y
c
a
d
s
s
i
e
u
l
T
a i
n
r
o
e t
d
a
e
m
t
a
s
e
i
h
r
C
T
Example: Composite floor slab

Example: Composite floor slab


SX009a-EN-EU

Quality Record

RESOURCE TITLE Example: Composite floor slab

Reference(s)

ORIGINAL DOCUMENT

Name Company Date

Created by Jonas Gozzi SBI 10/03/2005

Technical content checked by Bernt Johansson SBI 08/04/2005

Editorial content checked by

Technical content endorsed by the


following STEEL Partners:

1. UK G W Owens SCI 7/7/05

2. France A Bureau CTICM 17/8/05

3. Sweden A Olsson SBI 8/8/05

4. Germany C Muller RWTH 10/8/05


This material is copyright - all rights reserved. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement

5. Spain J Chica Labein 12/8/05

Resource approved by Technical G W Owens SCI 06/7/06


Coordinator

TRANSLATED DOCUMENT

This Translation made and checked by:

Translated resource approved by:


Created on Tuesday, June 09, 2009