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Industrial revolution and challenges

Industrial revolution
-industry 1.0 water and steam power
-industry 2.0 mass production
-industry 3.0 automation and robotics
-industry 4.0 digital processes, come from German term ‘Industrie 4.0’ which used to
transform German manufacturing involving Internet of Things & cyber physical system.
Industry 4.0(Europe), Made in China 2025(China), Smart Cities(Asia), Society 5.0(Japan),
Industrial Internet (North America), Industry 4WRD (Malaysia)
-industry 5.0 co-working

Industry 4WRD (Malaysia)

-Additive manufacture (3D printing)
-Artificial Intelligence (AI)
-Big data analytics
-Advanced Materials
-Cyber security
-Cloud computing
-Augmented reality
-Internet of thing (IoT)
-Autonomous robot
-Universal integration
Society 5.0(Japan) – iniative to create a new social contract and economic model by fully
incorporating the technological innovations of 4th IR
Focus on
-Healthcare: issues- increasing medical expenses, demands for elderly care
Solutions- Ai and robots at nursing-care, connect & share medical data
-Mobility: issues- lack access public transportation (rural area)
Solutions- autonomous driver, using drones (logistics)
-Infrastructure: issues- shortage skilled labor and financial burden (inspection &
Solutions- sensors, Ai and robots
-FinTech: issues- slow financial services
Solutions- cashless payment & blockchain technology

Creating new value on

Disaster prevention- provide information via smartphones
- Discover victims using assist suits & rescue robots

Manufacturing- flexible production planning & inventory management

- Use Ai and robots
Food Products- improve food safety
- Reduction of waste
Agriculture – ultra-labor saving and high production ‘smart agriculture’
- Formulate farming plan
Energy – accurate demand forecast
- Inter-regional accommodation
Healthcare- automatic health checkups
- Use robots on healthcare and caregiving
Mobility- autonomous driving
- Self-driving wheelchairs
Concepts: establish a digital record-> analyze and visualize-> generate movement (PDP loop)
Challenges: security -security breaches and data leaks
Capital – require huge investment
Employment – acquire different or all-new skills
Benefits: optimization- able to utilize production constantly
Customization- flexible market that is customer-oriented
Pushing research- education and training will take a new shape
Future workforce
Lifelong learning

Remote Working

Big-Data-Driven Quality Control

Robot-Assisted Production

Self-Driving Logistics Vehicles

Production Line Simulation

Predictive Maintenance

Machines as a Service