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MAPUA UNIVERSITY

RZL110: THE LIFE AND WORKS OF RIZAL


SEATWORK (GROUP ACTIVITY)
THIRD QUARTER A/Y 2019-2020
JAIMVYN KLEID JARDINIANO, JAMES ANGELO C. LIPIAO, EMMANUEL FREEMAN
PALOMA, CJ SESNORIO || B7

JoEXERCISE 5.2.2 Rizalistas vs. Pilarlista


1. Compare and Contrast the two propagandists. Complete the
table provided and answer the question that follows:

RIZAL DEL PILAR


BACKGROUND Jose Protasio Rizal Marcelo Hilario del Pilar
Mercado y Alonso y Gatmaitan, also
Realaonda was born in known by his pen name
Calamba Laguna. Rizal Plaridel, was a Filipino
was born on June 19, writer, journalist, and
1861. His parents were lawyer. Del Pilar was
leaseholders of a born on August 30,
hacienda and rice farm 1850 to a well-off
owned by the family in Cupang,
Dominicans. Bulacan—presently
known as Barangay San
Rizal enrolled in Ateneo Nicolas, Bulacan. Del
Municpal de Manila and Pilar was the ninth
graduated as one of the among the ten children
nine students declared of of Julian Hilario del
as sobresaliente or Pilar (Father) and Blasa
outstanding. Rizal Gatmaitan (Mother).
finished Philosophy as
pre-law in the ….. ADD???
University of Santo
Tomas, but upon In terms of academics,
learning that his Del Pilar was able to
mother was going blind obtain a Bachelor of
decided to switch to Arts degree from
medicine and specialize Colegio de San Jose. He
in ophthalmology. also took up law at the
University of Santo
On May of 1882 Rizal Thomas.
traveled alone to
Madrid, Spain to study ….. ADD???
medicine at the
Universidad Central de Marcelo Hilario del Pilar
Madrid y Gatmaitan was a
prominent figure in the
Jose Protasio Rizal propaganda Movement,
Mercado y Alonso he was a co-publisher
MAPUA UNIVERSITY
RZL110: THE LIFE AND WORKS OF RIZAL
SEATWORK (GROUP ACTIVITY)
THIRD QUARTER A/Y 2019-2020
JAIMVYN KLEID JARDINIANO, JAMES ANGELO C. LIPIAO, EMMANUEL FREEMAN
PALOMA, CJ SESNORIO || B7

and the second and last


Realaonda was editior of the society’s
executed on December publication, La
30, 1896 by a squad of Solidaridad.
Filipino soldiers under
the Spanish Army, A ….. ADD???
squad of Spanish
soldiers stood behind Del Pilar died on July 4.
the Filipinos ready to 1896 in Barcelona of
shoot the executioners tuberculosis in abject
should they fail to obey poverty.
orders.

MAJOR WORKS “A la juventud


filipina” “Diaryong Tagalog”

This poem translates to He co-founded the first


“To the Filipino Yout”. Philippine bilingual
Jose Rizal wrote this newspaper (Tagalog
poem while studing at and Spanish) on August
the University of Santo 1, 1882.
Tomas. Rizal addresses
the youth of the “La Solidaridad”
country and states that
they are the hope of Also known as The
the nation. Solidarity was an
organization created in
“Junto Al Pasig” Spain on December 13,
1888.
This translates to
“Beside Pasig River”. “Viva Espana! Viva
Rizal wrote this one-act el Rey! Viva el
play for a gala variety Ejercito! Fuerta los
program during the Frailers!”
principal fest days. The
play centers around a Translates to “Long live
young Filipino and the Spain! Long live the
Diwata, which king! Long live the
symbolizes the Spanish army! Throw the friars
oppression towards out!” was written by del
Filipinos. Pilar to the queen of
Spain.
MAPUA UNIVERSITY
RZL110: THE LIFE AND WORKS OF RIZAL
SEATWORK (GROUP ACTIVITY)
THIRD QUARTER A/Y 2019-2020
JAIMVYN KLEID JARDINIANO, JAMES ANGELO C. LIPIAO, EMMANUEL FREEMAN
PALOMA, CJ SESNORIO || B7

“Noli Me Tangere

Noli Me Tangere is
probably one of the
most famous and
sought-after Philippine
literary works. The “Ang Pag-ibig sa
novel’s title translates Tinubuang Lupa
to “Touch Me Not”. (Love of Country)”
Rizal wrote this novel to
expose the abuse the Poem Del Pilar wrote
Philippine society is with a theme that is
experiencing under directed to the Filipinos
Spanish rule. to arouse their spirit of
nationalism and self-
“El Filibusterismo” dependence.

El Filibusterismo is the Caiigat Cayó


sequel to Noli Me
Tangere. El Be as Slippery as an
Filibusterismo means Eel, 1888
“The Reign of Greed”
This novel shows more Dasalan at Tocsohan
darker themes
compared to the Prayers and Mockeries,
hopeful nature of the 1888
first novel. The
protagonist attempts to
reform the social issues
of the country in a
rather extremist way.
PROPAGANDA STYLE Political and Social Anti-Friar Movement
Freedom.
He headed the political
Rizal became a leader section of Asociación
of the reformist Hispano-Filipina de
movement called Madrid (Hispanic
Propaganda fighting for Filipino Association of
freedom using their Madrid).
connections with the
liberal Spanish Militant and Progressive
Politicians. Rizal wrote outlook derived from
MAPUA UNIVERSITY
RZL110: THE LIFE AND WORKS OF RIZAL
SEATWORK (GROUP ACTIVITY)
THIRD QUARTER A/Y 2019-2020
JAIMVYN KLEID JARDINIANO, JAMES ANGELO C. LIPIAO, EMMANUEL FREEMAN
PALOMA, CJ SESNORIO || B7

the classic
tirelessly for the La Enlightenment tradition
Solidaridad, the voice of the French
of the Propaganda philosophies and the
hoping that their voice scientific empiricism of
will be heard. the European
bourgeoisie.
Rizal strived to achieve He tried to marshal the
a united Philippines and nationalist sentiment of
wanted to adapt the the Filipino ilustrados,
ideologies of liberal or bourgeoisie, against
Spain knowing that it Spanish imperialism.
would make the
country better. Autonomy
NATIONALISTIC
IDEOLOGIES
Unity National Identity

National Identity Self-determination

Freedom Solidarity
Equality

2. What are the implications of the Rizal-Del Pilar rivalry to the


formation of Rizal’s nationalistic ideologies?

Rizal and Del Pilar’s rivalry arose during the time Del Pilar became the
owner of Solidaridad, Del Pilar’s management and editorial policy often times
were not the same to Rizal’s political vision. Rizal objected the periodical’s
editorial policy which was often contradicting Rizal’s political views. This
rivalry created rift between the Filipinos in Madrid. To solve the issue the two
factions decided to vote for the position of leader Responsible, Rizal one
twice however the votes did not meet the 2/3 majority requirement, on the
third election Rizal won but declined the position knowing that some of
Pilar’s supporters does not like him or his political views. Rizal left Madrid
MAPUA UNIVERSITY
RZL110: THE LIFE AND WORKS OF RIZAL
SEATWORK (GROUP ACTIVITY)
THIRD QUARTER A/Y 2019-2020
JAIMVYN KLEID JARDINIANO, JAMES ANGELO C. LIPIAO, EMMANUEL FREEMAN
PALOMA, CJ SESNORIO || B7

and also stopped contributing to La Solidaridad to write El Filibusterismo and


avoid clashing between Pilar’s supporters.

These two men may have had different political views and differ in
intentions but they both found a mutual respect and admiration for one
another. Rizal and Del Pilar wanted a Free Philippines, they both wanted to
stop the ill treatment of their fellow countrymen and they were one of the
brave people who stood up and fought for what they believed. They are both
connected by mutual love for their country. Del Pilar said in a letter to Rizal
during his exile in Dapitan, “I have not stopped wishing for the renewal of
our former ties, for I believe that slight differences in procedure are not
enough to destroy our common principles, purposes, and feelings…”.
MAPUA UNIVERSITY
RZL110: THE LIFE AND WORKS OF RIZAL
SEATWORK (GROUP ACTIVITY)
THIRD QUARTER A/Y 2019-2020
JAIMVYN KLEID JARDINIANO, JAMES ANGELO C. LIPIAO, EMMANUEL FREEMAN
PALOMA, CJ SESNORIO || B7

REFERENCES

Marcelo H Del Pilar and His Works Rheabeth Razon -


https://www.slideshare.net/rheabethrazon/marcelo-h-del-pilar-his

The 'love-and-hate' Relationship Of Jose Rizal And Marcelo Del Pilar


https://ourhappyschool.com/history/love-and-hate-relationship-jose-
rizal-and-marcelo-del-pilar

URL 1: https://biography.yourdictionary.com/marcelo-hilario-del-pilar

José Rizal. (2020, January 21). Retrieved from


https://www.biography.com/political-figure/josé-rizal

Valdeavilla, R. (2018, April 27). The 8 Most Important Literary Works by Jose
Rizal. Retrieved from
https://theculturetrip.com/asia/philippines/articles/the-8-most-
important-literary-works-by-jose-rizal/