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Ancient Egypt and Nubia

Answer Key
Section 1 Reading Readiness 4. Hatshepsut preserved peace and
encouraged trade. Thutmose III led
Guide
his armies as far east as the Euphrates
1. T
River.
2. F, The Nile River flows north to the
5. pharaoh
Mediterranean.
6. dynasties
3. T 4. T 5. T
7. absolute power
6. F, In Egypt, the Nile could be used to
8. regent
transport goods.

Section 1 Guided Reading Section 2 Quiz


1. title of the kings of ancient Egypt
and Review 2. a series of rulers from the same
1. Herodotus family or ethnic group
2. north 3. someone who rules for a child until
3. Sudan the child is old enough to rule
4. Lower 4. complete control over someone or
5. Kemet something
6. attacks 5. b 6. b 7. a 8. c 9. c 10. a
7. 5000 B.C.
8. Nubia
9. cataracts
Section 3 Reading Readiness
10. delta Guide
11. silt 1. T 2. T
3. F, Egyptians buried their dead with
Section 1 Quiz possessions so that the souls could
1. d 2. a 3. b 4. c 5. d survive.
4. T
6. d 7. a 8. c
5. F, The Great Pyramid is made up of
more than 2 million stones.
Section 2 Reading Readiness 6. T
Guide
Students’ examples will vary. Correct Section 3 Guided Reading
statements from the text should appear in and Review
the What you learned column. 1. the chief god, who protected both
rich and poor
Section 2 Guided Reading 2. god of the living and dead; god of the
and Review afterlife
1. Menes united Upper and Lower 3. mother figure who protected
Egypt; future pharaohs had absolute children; wife of Osiris
power over the land and were 4. Answers will vary.
religious as well as political leaders. 5. a life after death
2. The Old Kingdom was noted for its 6. dead body preserved in lifelike
well-run system of government. condition
3. Pharaohs built huge armies of foot 7. a huge building with four sloping
soldiers, mounted warriors, and triangular-shaped sides; built as royal
charioteers. tombs in Egypt
8. an ancient Egyptian city; the site of
the Great Pyramid

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230
Ancient Egypt and Nubia

Answer Key (continued)


Section 3 Quiz 5. near fourth cataract of the Nile
1. c 2. a 3. d 4. b 5. d 6. controlled Egypt; built pyramids, and
adopted many Egyptian customs
6. a 7. d 8. d 7. Meroë
8. on the Nile between the fifth and
Section 4 Reading Readiness sixth cataracts
Guide 9. learned to make iron; controlled trade
Students’ examples will vary. Correct routes from Central Africa
statements from the text should appear in 10. a mineral or combination of minerals
the What you learned column. mined for the production of metals
11. the region of ancient Nubia between
Section 4 Guided Reading the first and second Nile cataracts
and Review 12. the region of ancient Nubia between
1. pharaoh: absolute ruler the second and sixth Nile cataracts
2. upper class: nobles, priests, members 13. a worker who is skilled in crafting
of pharaoh’s court goods by hand
3. middle class: skilled workers,
merchants
Section 5 Quiz
4. peasants: workers who farmed the 1. a mineral or combination of minerals
land; built roads and temples mined for the production of metals
5. pictures and other written symbols 2. region of ancient Nubia between the
that stand for ideas, things, or sounds first and second Nile cataracts
6. an early form of paper made from a 3. region of ancient Nubia between the
reed found in the marshy areas of the second and sixth Nile cataracts
Nile delta 4. a worker skilled in crafting goods by
7. a scientist who studies the stars and hand
other objects in the sky 5. c 6. b 7. a 8. a 9. d 10. b

Section 4 Quiz Target Reading Skill: Using


1. c 2. a 3. b 4. b 5. d Context Clues
6. a 7. b 8. b General Knowledge
Answers will vary.
Section 5 Reading Readiness Definition and Description
Guide Answers will vary.
1. T 2. T 3. T
4. F, There were times of conflict and Cause and Effect
peace between Egypt and Nubia. 1. The effect is that Americans have the
5. T 6. T right to freedom of religion, speech,
and the press.
Section 5 Guided Reading 2. The cause is the provisions of the
and Review First Amendment.
3. From the context, provisions means
1. Kerma
measures, actions, statements, or
2. at the third cataract of the Nile
laws.
3. noted for its artisans and royal burials
4. Napata

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231
Ancient Egypt and Nubia

Answer Key (continued)


Word Knowledge Nubia, ore, delta, silt, hieroglyphs,
Definitions and/or examples will vary. papyrus, astronomers, artisan

Enrichment Test A
Students choose one activity. 1. c 2. g 3. h 4. d 5. f 6. c 7. a
8. d 9. a 10. c 11. b 12. d 13. a 14. b
Skills for Life
1. The Fertile Crescent, Egypt, and the 15. The farmland along the Nile was vital
area between to Egyptian life. The earliest
2. 2000 years communities were built in the delta
3. The trade routes follow rivers. of Lower Egypt. The Nile was a trade
4. The trade routes avoid mountains highway. The desert beyond
and deserts. protected Egypt from attack.
5. Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea, and the 16. Religion explained the workings of
Persian Gulf nature. Egyptians preserved the
6. Go by sea to Mersin and then one of bodies of their dead, especially
two overland routes to Nineveh, or pharaohs, who were buried in huge
go overland the entire way. pyramids. They were buried with
items for the afterlife.
MapMaster Skills: 17. Possible answers: Egyptian Trade
Routes, Egyptian Trade in the
Understanding Road Maps Mediterranean Sea
1. 1, 31, 32
18. to show the Egyptian trade routes
2. route 32
and trading centers
3. Muswellbrook
19. Answers should include two of the
4. 288 km
following: Thebes, Giza, Saïs,
Primary Sources and Aswan, or Napata
20. Knossos, Assur, Sumer, west through
Literature Readings the Libyan desert
In Her Own Words: Hatshepsut
1. Hatshepsut refers to people of later Test B
generations. 1. e 2. b 3. j 4. c 5. i 6. a 7. c
2. She feels that the people were content
with her rule. She believes Amun has 8. b 9. b 10. c 11. b 12. c 13. a 14. b
ordained her rule. 15. Nubians controlled Egypt when the
Egyptian Empire grew weak.
In Her Own Words: Ankhesenpaton 16. The river deposited soil. Rich
1. Ankhesenpaton’s solution was to take farmland developed in the delta. The
another king’s son as her husband land produced surpluses,
and king. encouraging development and trade.
2. Hapshepsut wanted to become the The Nile provided food and
ruler while Ankhesenpaton would transportation.
choose a new husband to be king. 17. The Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea.
18. solid lines
Vocabulary Development 19. Knossos
pyramid, Giza, pharaohs, mummies, 20. northeast
afterlife, regent, dynasty, absolute power,
Nubia, cataracts, Upper Nubia, Lower

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