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FQA24N50F

September 2001

FRFET TM

FQA24N50F
500V N-Channel MOSFET

General Description Features


These N-Channel enhancement mode power field effect • 24A, 500V, RDS(on) = 0.2Ω @VGS = 10 V
transistors are produced using Fairchild’s proprietary, • Low gate charge ( typical 90 nC)
planar stripe, DMOS technology. • Low Crss ( typical 55 pF)
This advanced technology has been especially tailored to • Fast switching
minimize on-state resistance, provide superior switching • 100% avalanche tested
performance, and withstand high energy pulse in the • Improved dv/dt capability
avalanche and commutation mode. These devices are well • Fast recovery body diode ( max, 250ns )
suited for high efficiency switch mode power supplies,
where the body diode is used such as phase-shift ZVS,
basic full-bridge topology.

D
!

"

! "
"
G! "

TO-3PN !
G DS FQA Series S

Absolute Maximum Ratings TC = 25°C unless otherwise noted

Symbol Parameter FQA24N50F Units


VDSS Drain-Source Voltage 500 V
ID Drain Current - Continuous (TC = 25°C) 24 A
- Continuous (TC = 100°C) 15.2 A
IDM Drain Current - Pulsed (Note 1) 96 A
VGSS Gate-Source Voltage ± 30 V
EAS Single Pulsed Avalanche Energy (Note 2) 1100 mJ
IAR Avalanche Current (Note 1) 24 A
EAR Repetitive Avalanche Energy (Note 1) 29 mJ
dv/dt Peak Diode Recovery dv/dt (Note 3) 15 V/ns
PD Power Dissipation (TC = 25°C) 290 W
- Derate above 25°C 2.33 W/°C
TJ, TSTG Operating and Storage Temperature Range -55 to +150 °C
Maximum lead temperature for soldering purposes,
TL 300 °C
1/8" from case for 5 seconds

Thermal Characteristics
Symbol Parameter Typ Max Units
RθJC Thermal Resistance, Junction-to-Case -- 0.43 °C/W
RθCS Thermal Resistance, Case-to-Sink 0.24 -- °C/W
RθJA Thermal Resistance, Junction-to-Ambient -- 40 °C/W

©2001 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation Rev. A2, September 2001


FQA24N50F
Electrical Characteristics TC = 25°C unless otherwise noted

Symbol Parameter Test Conditions Min Typ Max Units

Off Characteristics
BVDSS Drain-Source Breakdown Voltage VGS = 0 V, ID = 250 µA 500 -- -- V
∆BVDSS Breakdown Voltage Temperature
ID = 250 µA, Referenced to 25°C -- 0.53 -- V/°C
/ ∆TJ Coefficient
IDSS VDS = 500 V, VGS = 0 V -- -- 50 µA
Zero Gate Voltage Drain Current
VDS = 400 V, TC = 125°C -- -- 500 µA
IGSSF Gate-Body Leakage Current, Forward VGS = 30 V, VDS = 0 V -- -- 100 nA
IGSSR Gate-Body Leakage Current, Reverse VGS = -30 V, VDS = 0 V -- -- -100 nA

On Characteristics
VGS(th) Gate Threshold Voltage VDS = VGS, ID = 250 µA 3.0 -- 5.0 V
RDS(on) Static Drain-Source
VGS = 10 V, ID = 12 A -- 0.156 0.2 Ω
On-Resistance
gFS Forward Transconductance VDS = 50 V, ID = 12 A (Note 4) -- 22 -- S

Dynamic Characteristics
Ciss Input Capacitance VDS = 25 V, VGS = 0 V, -- 3500 4500 pF
Coss Output Capacitance f = 1.0 MHz -- 520 670 pF
Crss Reverse Transfer Capacitance -- 55 70 pF

Switching Characteristics
td(on) Turn-On Delay Time -- 80 170 ns
VDD = 250 V, ID = 24 A,
tr Turn-On Rise Time -- 250 500 ns
RG = 25 Ω
td(off) Turn-Off Delay Time -- 200 400 ns
(Note 4, 5)
tf Turn-Off Fall Time -- 155 320 ns
Qg Total Gate Charge VDS = 400 V, ID = 24 A, -- 90 120 nC
Qgs Gate-Source Charge VGS = 10 V -- 23 -- nC
Qgd Gate-Drain Charge (Note 4, 5) -- 52 -- nC

Drain-Source Diode Characteristics and Maximum Ratings


IS Maximum Continuous Drain-Source Diode Forward Current -- -- 24 A
ISM Maximum Pulsed Drain-Source Diode Forward Current -- -- 96 A
VSD Drain-Source Diode Forward Voltage VGS = 0 V, IS = 24 A -- -- 1.4 V
trr Reverse Recovery Time VGS = 0 V, IS = 24 A, -- -- 250 ns
Qrr Reverse Recovery Charge dIF / dt = 100 A/µs (Note 4)
-- 1.1 -- µC

Notes:
1. Repetitive Rating : Pulse width limited by maximum junction temperature
2. L = 3.4mH, IAS = 24A, VDD = 50V, RG = 25 Ω, Starting TJ = 25°C
3. ISD ≤ 24A, di/dt ≤ 350A/µs, VDD ≤ BVDSS, Starting TJ = 25°C
4. Pulse Test : Pulse width ≤ 300µs, Duty cycle ≤ 2%
5. Essentially independent of operating temperature

©2001 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation Rev. A2, September 2001


FQA24N50F
Typical Characteristics

VGS
Top : 15 V
10 V
8.0 V
7.0 V
6.5 V
6.0 V
Bottom : 5.5 V 1

ID , Drain Current [A]


ID , Drain Current [A]

10
1
10 150℃

25℃
0
10 -55℃

0
10 ※ Notes :
※ Notes :
1. VDS = 50V
1. 250μ s Pulse Test
2. 250μ s Pulse Test
2. TC = 25℃

-1
-1 0 1
10
10 10 10 2 4 6 8 10
VDS , Drain-Source Voltage [V] VGS , Gate-Source Voltage [V]

Figure 1. On-Region Characteristics Figure 2. Transfer Characteristics

0.6

0.5
IDR , Reverse Drain Current [A]

VGS = 10V
Drain-Source On-Resistance

1
0.4 10
RDS(on) [ Ω ],

VGS = 20V

0.3

0.2 10
0

150℃ 25℃
※ Notes :
0.1 1. VGS = 0V
※ Note : TJ = 25℃ 2. 250μ s Pulse Test

0.0 10
-1

0 20 40 60 80 100 120 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8
ID , Drain Current [A] VSD , Source-Drain Voltage [V]

Figure 3. On-Resistance Variation vs Figure 4. Body Diode Forward Voltage


Drain Current and Gate Voltage Variation with Source Current
and Temperature

7000 12
Ciss = Cgs + Cgd (Cds = shorted)
Coss = Cds + Cgd VDS = 100V
Crss = Cgd
6000 VDS = 250V
10
VDS = 400V
Ciss
VGS, Gate-Source Voltage [V]

5000
8
Capacitance [pF]

4000 Coss
6
3000

4
※ Notes :
2000
Crss 1. VGS = 0 V
2. f = 1 MHz
2
1000
※ Note : ID = 24 A

0 0
10
-1
10
0
10
1 0 20 40 60 80 100

VDS, Drain-Source Voltage [V] QG, Total Gate Charge [nC]

Figure 5. Capacitance Characteristics Figure 6. Gate Charge Characteristics

©2001 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation Rev. A2, September 2001


FQA24N50F
Typical Characteristics (Continued)

1.2 3.0

2.5
Drain-Source Breakdown Voltage

1.1

Drain-Source On-Resistance
BV DSS , (Normalized)

RDS(ON) , (Normalized)
2.0

1.0 1.5

1.0

0.9 ※ Notes :
1. VGS = 0 V ※ Notes :
2. ID = 250 μ A 0.5 1. VGS = 10 V
2. ID = 12 A

0.8 0.0
-100 -50 0 50 100 150 200 -100 -50 0 50 100 150 200
o o
TJ, Junction Temperature [ C] TJ, Junction Temperature [ C]

Figure 7. Breakdown Voltage Variation Figure 8. On-Resistance Variation


vs Temperature vs Temperature

25

Operation in This Area


is Limited by R DS(on)

10
2 20
10 µs
100 µs
ID, Drain Current [A]

ID, Drain Current [A]

1 ms 15
10
1 10 ms
DC
10

0
10 ※ Notes :
o 5
1. TC = 25 C
o
2. TJ = 150 C
3. Single Pulse
-1
10 0
0 1 2 3
10 10 10 10 25 50 75 100 125 150

VDS, Drain-Source Voltage [V] TC, Case Temperature [℃]

Figure 9. Maximum Safe Operating Area Figure 10. Maximum Drain Current
vs Case Temperature
( t) , T h e r m a l R e s p o n s e

D = 0 .5

※ N o te s :
-1
10 0 .2 1 . Z θ J C ( t) = 0 .4 3 ℃ /W M a x .
2 . D u ty F a c to r , D = t 1 /t 2
3 . T J M - T C = P D M * Z θ J C ( t)
0 .1

0 .0 5
PDM
0 .0 2
θ JC

t1
-2 0 .0 1
10 t2
Z

s i n g l e p u ls e

-5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1
10 10 10 10 10 10 10

t 1 , S q u a r e W a v e P u ls e D u r a t io n [ s e c ]

Figure 11. Transient Thermal Response Curve

©2001 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation Rev. A2, September 2001


FQA24N50F
Gate Charge Test Circuit & Waveform

VGS
Same Type
50KΩ
as DUT Qg
12V 200nF
300nF 10V
VDS
VGS Qgs Qgd

DUT
3mA

Charge

Resistive Switching Test Circuit & Waveforms

RL VDS
VDS 90%

VGS VDD
RG

10%
VGS
10V DUT
td(on) tr td(off)
tf
t on t off

Unclamped Inductive Switching Test Circuit & Waveforms

L BVDSS
1
VDS EAS = ---- L IAS2 --------------------
2 BVDSS - VDD
BVDSS
ID
IAS
RG
VDD ID (t)

10V DUT VDD VDS (t)


tp
tp Time

©2001 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation Rev. A2, September 2001


FQA24N50F
Peak Diode Recovery dv/dt Test Circuit & Waveforms

DUT +

VDS

I SD
L

Driver
RG
Same Type
as DUT VDD

VGS • dv/dt controlled by RG


• ISD controlled by pulse period

Gate Pulse Width


VGS D = --------------------------
Gate Pulse Period 10V
( Driver )

IFM , Body Diode Forward Current


I SD
( DUT ) di/dt

IRM

Body Diode Reverse Current


VDS
( DUT ) Body Diode Recovery dv/dt

VSD VDD

Body Diode
Forward Voltage Drop

©2001 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation Rev. A2, September 2001


FQA24N50F
Mechanical Dimensions
TO-3PN

Dimensions in Millimeters

©2001 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation Rev. A2, September 2001


TRADEMARKS
The following are registered and unregistered trademarks Fairchild Semiconductor owns or is authorized to use and is not
intended to be an exhaustive list of all such trademarks.

ACEx™ FAST® OPTOLOGIC™ SMART START™ VCX™


Bottomless™ FASTr™ OPTOPLANAR™ STAR*POWER™
CoolFET™ FRFET™ PACMAN™ Stealth™
CROSSVOLT™ GlobalOptoisolator™ POP™ SuperSOT™-3
DenseTrench™ GTO™ Power247™ SuperSOT™-6
DOME™ HiSeC™ PowerTrench® SuperSOT™-8
EcoSPARK™ ISOPLANAR™ QFET™ SyncFET™
E2CMOS™ LittleFET™ QS™ TruTranslation™
EnSigna™ MicroFET™ QT Optoelectronics™ TinyLogic™
FACT™ MicroPak™ Quiet Series™ UHC™
FACT Quiet Series™ MICROWIRE™ SLIENT SWITCHER® UltraFET®

STAR*POWER is used under license

DISCLAIMER
FAIRCHILD SEMICONDUCTOR RESERVES THE RIGHT TO MAKE CHANGES WITHOUT FURTHER NOTICE TO ANY
PRODUCTS HEREIN TO IMPROVE RELIABILITY, FUNCTION OR DESIGN. FAIRCHILD DOES NOT ASSUME ANY
LIABILITY ARISING OUT OF THE APPLICATION OR USE OF ANY PRODUCT OR CIRCUIT DESCRIBED HEREIN;
NEITHER DOES IT CONVEY ANY LICENSE UNDER ITS PATENT RIGHTS, NOR THE RIGHTS OF OTHERS.

LIFE SUPPORT POLICY

FAIRCHILD’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT
DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF FAIRCHILD SEMICONDUCTOR
CORPORATION.
As used herein:
1. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems 2. A critical component is any component of a life support
which, (a) are intended for surgical implant into the body, device or system whose failure to perform can be
or (b) support or sustain life, or (c) whose failure to perform reasonably expected to cause the failure of the life support
when properly used in accordance with instructions for use device or system, or to affect its safety or effectiveness.
provided in the labeling, can be reasonably expected to
result in significant injury to the user.

PRODUCT STATUS DEFINITIONS


Definition of Terms

Datasheet Identification Product Status Definition

Advance Information Formative or In This datasheet contains the design specifications for
Design product development. Specifications may change in
any manner without notice.

Preliminary First Production This datasheet contains preliminary data, and


supplementary data will be published at a later date.
Fairchild Semiconductor reserves the right to make
changes at any time without notice in order to improve
design.

No Identification Needed Full Production This datasheet contains final specifications. Fairchild
Semiconductor reserves the right to make changes at
any time without notice in order to improve design.

Obsolete Not In Production This datasheet contains specifications on a product


that has been discontinued by Fairchild semiconductor.
The datasheet is printed for reference information only.

©2001 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation Rev. H4