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Skull & Bones Chart

Skull & Bones Government Officials in the American Federal Government


Executive Branch: William Howard Taft (S&B !"!# $%Ohio& ' (resident of the )nited States ( *+*% * ,& Geor-e H.W. Bush (S&B */!# $%Te0as& ' (resident of the )nited States ( *!*% **,&1 2ice (resident of the ).S. ( *! % *!*& Geor-e W. Bush (S&B *3!# $%Te0as& ' (resident of the )nited States (4++ %4++*& William 5. 6varts (S&B !,"& ' ).S. Attorne7 General ( !3!% !3*&1 ).S. Secretar7 of State ( !""% !! & Al8honso Taft (S&B !,,& ' Secretar7 of War ( !"3&1 ).S. Attorne7 General ( !"3% !""& William C. Whitne7 (S&B !3,& ' Secretar7 of the 9av7 ( !!:% !!*& Wilson Shannon Bissell (S&B !3*& ' (ostmaster General of the )nited States ( !*,% !*:& William Howard Taft (S&B !"!& ' Secretar7 of War ( *+/% *+!& Franklin 5ac2ea-h (S&B !34& ' Secretar7 of the Treasur7 ( *+*% * ,& Henr7 ;. Stimson (S&B !!!& ' Secretar7 of War ( * % * ,# */+% */:&1 ).S. Secretar7 of State ( *4*% *,,& W. Averell Harriman (S&B * ,& ' Secretar7 of Commerce ( */3% */!& $o<ert A. ;ovett (S&B * !& ' Secretar7 of =efense ( *: % *:,& >ohn For<es ?err7 (S&B *33& ' ).S. Secretar7 of State (4+ ,%8resent& Judicial Branch: 5orrison $. Waite (S&B !,"& ' Chief >ustice of the ).S. Su8reme Court ( !"/% !!!& William Howard Taft (S&B !"!& ' Chief >ustice of the ).S. Su8reme Court ( *4 % *,+& (otter Stewart (S&B *,"& ' >ustice of the ).S. Su8reme Court ( *:!% *! & ;eBaron Bradford Colt (S&B !3!& ' >ud-e of the ).S. Court of A88eals for the First Circuit ( !!/% * ,& William ?neeland Townsend (S&B !" & ' >ud-e of the ).S. Court of A88eals for the Second Circuit ( *+4% *+"& William Howard Taft (S&B !"!& ' >ud-e of the ).S. Court of A88eals for the Si0th Circuit ( !*4% *++& Wil<ur Franklin Booth (S&B !!/& ' >ud-e of the ).S. Court of A88eals for the 6i-hth Circuit ( *4:% *,4& (otter Stewart (S&B *,"& ' >ud-e of the ).S. Court of A88eals for the Si0th Circuit ( *:/% *:!& >ames ;. Buckle7 (S&B *//& ' >ud-e of the ).S. Court of A88eals for the =istrict of Colum<ia Circuit ( *!:% **3& ;eonard 6u-ene Wales (S&B !/:& ' >ud-e of the ).S. =istrict Court for the =istrict of =elaware ( !!/% !*"& $ensselaer $ussell 9elson (S&B !/3& ' >ud-e of the ).S. =istrict Court for the =istrict of 5innesota ( !:!% !*3& Geor-e Chandler Holt (S&B !33& ' >ud-e of the ).S. =istrict Court for the Southern =istrict of 9ew @ork ( *+,% * /& ;eBaron Bradford Colt (S&B !3!& ' >ud-e of the ).S. =istrict Court for the =istrict of $hode Asland ( !! % !!/& William ?neeland Townsend (S&B !" & ' >ud-e of the ).S. =istrict Court for the =istrict of Connecticut ( !*4% *+4& Wil<ur Franklin Booth (S&B !!/& ' >ud-e of the ).S. =istrict Court for the =istrict of 5innesota ( * /% *4:& Thomas =. Thacher (S&B *+/& ' >ud-e of the ).S. =istrict Court for the Southern =istrict of 9ew @ork ( *4:% *,+& William H. Orrick >r. (S&B *,"& ' >ud-e of the ).S. =istrict Court for the 9orthern =istrict of California ( *"/% *!:& Charles Sherman Hai-ht >r. (S&B *:4& ' >ud-e of the ).S. =istrict Court for the Southern =istrict of 9ew @ork ( *"3% **:& =ou-las (. Woodlock (S&B *3*& ' >ud-e of the ).S. =istrict Court for the =istrict of 5assachusetts ( *!3%8resent& >ames 6manuel Boas<er- (S&B *!:& ' >ud-e of the ).S. =istrict Court for the =istrict of Colum<ia (5arch "# 4+ %8resent& Geor-e W. Woodruff (S&B !!*& ' >ud-e of the ).S. =istrict Court for the Territor7 of Hawaii ( *+*% * +& >ohn 5. Steadman (S&B *:4& ' >ud-e of the =istrict of Colum<ia Court of A88eals ( *!:%4++/& Legislative Branch: 5em<ers of the ).S. SenateB Orris Sanford Ferr7 (S&B !//& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%Connecticut# !3"% !":& William Barrett Wash<urn (S&B !//& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%5assachusetts# !"/% !":& William 5. 6varts (S&B !,"& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%9ew @ork# !!:% !* & Anthon7 Hi--ins (S&B !3 & ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%=elaware# !!*% !*:& >ohn (atton >r. (S&B !":& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%5ichi-an# !*/% !*:& Geor-e (ea<od7 Wetmore (S&B !3"& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%$hode Asland# !*:% *+"# *+!% * ,& Chaunce7 5. =e8ew (S&B !:3& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%9ew @ork# !**% * & Frank Bosworth Brande-ee (S&B !!:& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%Connecticut# *+:% *4/& ;eBaron Bradford Colt (S&B !3!& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%$hode Asland# * ,% *4/& >ames Wolcott Wadsworth >r. (S&B !*!& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%9ew @ork# * :% *4"& Thomas Francis Ba7ard >r. (S&B !*+& ' ).S. Senator (=emocratic (art7%=elaware# *44% *4*& Frederic C. Walcott (S&B !* & ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%Connecticut# *4*% *,:& $o<ert A. Taft (S&B * +& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%Ohio# *,*% *:,&1 Senate 5aCorit7 ;eader ( *:,& >ohn Sherman Coo8er (S&B *4,& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%?entuck7# */3% */*# *:4% *::# *:3% *",& (rescott S. Bush (S&B * "& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%Connecticut# *:4% *3,& >ames ;. Buckle7 (S&B *//& ' ).S. Senator (Conservative (art7%9ew @ork# *" % *""& >ohn H. Chafee (S&B */"& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%$hode Asland# *"3% ***& =avid ;. Boren (S&B *3,& ' ).S. Senator (=emocratic (art7%Oklahoma# *"*% **/& >ohn For<es ?err7 (S&B *33& ' ).S. Senator (=emocratic (art7%5assachusetts# *!:%4+ ,&

5em<ers of the ).S. House of $e8resentativesB >ohn Wallace Houston (S&B !,/& ' ).S. Con-ressman (Whi- (art7%=elaware# !/:% !: & >ohn Hu<<ard Tweed7 (S&B !,/& ' =ele-ate of the Territor7 of Wisconsin (Whi- (art7%Wisconsin# !/"% !/!& William Henr7 Washin-ton (S&B !,/& ' ).S. Con-ressman (Whi- (art7%9orth Carolina# !/ % !/,& >ohn 6dward Seele7 (S&B !,:& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%9ew @ork# !" % !",& Henr7 Cham8ion =emin- (S&B !,3& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%Connecticut# !3,% !3"& Allen Ferdinand Owen (S&B !,"& ' ).S. Con-ressman (Whi- (art7%Geor-ia# !/*% !: & $ichard =udle7 Hu<<ard (S&B !,*& ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocratic (art7%Connecticut# !3"% !3*& >ohn (erkins >r. (S&B !/+& ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocratic (art7%;ouisiana# !:,% !::& William Ta7lor Sullivan Berr7 (S&B !/ & ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocratic (art7%5ississi88i# !:,% !::& >ohn Andrew (eters (S&B !/4& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%5aine# !3"% !",& BenCamin Tucker 6ames (S&B !/,& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%$hode Asland# !" % !"*& $oswell Hart (S&B !/,& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%9ew @ork# !3:% !3"& Orris Sanford Ferr7 (S&B !//& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%Connecticut# !:*% !3 & William Barrett Wash<urn (S&B !//& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%5assachusetts# !3,% !" & Constantine C. 6st7 (S&B !/:& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%5assachusetts# !"4% !",& Ste8hen W. ?ello-- (S&B !/3& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%Connecticut# !3*% !":& Au-ustus Brande-ee (S&B !/*& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%Connecticut# !3,% !3"& 6llis Henr7 $o<erts (S&B !:+& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%9ew @ork# !" % !":& $ichard >. Haldeman (S&B !: & ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocratic (art7%(enns7lvania# !3*% !",& William Wallace Cra8o (S&B !:4& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%5assachusetts# !":% !!,& ;owndes Henr7 =avis (S&B !3+& ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocratic (art7%5issouri# !"*% !!:& William Walter (hel8s (S&B !3+& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%9ew >erse71 !",% !":# !!,% !!*& Thomas Hed-e (S&B !3"& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%Aowa# !**% *+"& 6dwin F. Sweet (S&B !" & ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocratic (art7%5ichi-an# * % * ,& Charles 9ewell Fowler (S&B !"3& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%9ew >erse7# !*:% * & Frank Bosworth Brande-ee (S&B !!:& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%Connecticut# *+4% *+:& William ?ent (S&B !!"& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%California# * % * "& (erc7 Hamilton Stewart (S&B !*+& ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocratic (art7%9ew >erse7# *, % *,,& >ames William Husted (S&B !*4& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%9ew @ork# * :% *4,& Francis Burton Harrison (S&B !*:& ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocratic (art7%9ew @ork1 *+,% *+:# *+"% * ,& >ames Wolcott Wadsworth >r. (S&B !*!& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%9ew @ork# *,,% *: & >ames 5c=evitt 5a-ee (S&B !**& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%(enns7lvania# *4,% *4"& ?enneth F. Sim8son (S&B * "& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%9ew @ork# */ & Howard 5alcolm Baldri-e (S&B * !& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%9e<raska# *, % *,,& >ohn 5artin 2or7s (S&B * !& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%Ohio# *,*% *:*& >onathan Brewster Bin-ham (S&B *,3& ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocratic (art7%9ew @ork# *3:% *!,& William S. 5oorhead >r. (S&B */:& ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocratic (art7%(enns7lvania# *:*% *! & Thomas William ;udlow D;udE Ashle7 (S&B */!& ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocratic (art7%Ohio# *::% *! & Geor-e H.W. Bush (S&B */!& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%Te0as# *3"% *" &

Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)-National Security overn!ent "ositions Geor-e H.W. Bush (S&B */!& ' 2ice (resident of the ).S. ( *! % *!*&1 =irector of Central Antelli-ence A-enc7 ( *"3% *""&1 ).S. $e8resentative to the )nited 9ations ( *" % *",&1 ;iaison Officer to $ed China ( *"/% *":& =ino (ionFio (S&B *:+& ' CAA =e8ut7 Chief of Station ( *"+& Geor-e Bur-win Holmes (S&B */:W& ' former mem<er of CAA Ans8ector GeneralGs staff Arthur B. =arlin- (S&B * 3& ' Historian of CAA ( *:4% *:/& >ames ;. Buckle7 (S&B *//& ' (resident of $adio Free 6uro8eH$adio ;i<ert7 ( *!4% *!:& William (. Bund7 (S&B *,*& ' CAA a-ent ( *: % *3 & Charles S. Whitehouse (S&B */"& ' CAA a-ent ( */"% *:3& William Sloane Coffin >r. (S&B */*& ' CAA a-ent ( *:+% *:,& William F. Buckle7 >r. (S&B *:+& ' CAA a-ent ( *: % *:,& 5cGeor-e Bund7 ' 9ational Securit7 Advisor ( *3 % *33& >ohn H. Chafee ' Secretar7 of the 9av7 ( *3*% *"4& Townsend Hoo8es ' )nder Secretar7 of the Air Force ( *3"% *3*& $o<ert A. ;ovett ' Assistant Secretar7 of War for Air ( */ % */:&1 =e8ut7 Secretar7 of =efense ( */*% *: & Artemus ;. Gates ' Assistant Secretar7 of the 9av7 for Air ( */ % */:& =avid S. An-alls ' Assistant Secretar7 of the 9av7 for Aeronautics ( *4*% *,4& F. Tru<ee =avison ' Assistant Secretar7 of War for Air ( *43% *,,&1 =irector of Central Antelli-ence A-enc7 for (ersonnel ( *: % *:4& Winston ;ord ' ).S. Am<assador to Communist China ( *!:% *!*& >ames >eremiah Wadsworth ' ).S. $e8resentative to )nited 9ations ( *3+% *3 & W. Averell Harriman ' ).S. Am<assador to Soviet )nion ( */,% */3&1 ).S. Am<assador to Great Britain ( */3& Charles S. Whitehouse ' ).S. Am<assador to ;aos ( *",% *":&1 ).S. Am<assador to Thailand ( *":% *"!& >ohn Sherman Coo8er ' ).S. Am<assador to Andia ( *::% *:3&1 ).S. Am<assador to 6ast German7 ( *"/% *"3&

Skull and Bones 5em<ers in the 60ecutive Branch of the ).S. Government
O<ama Administration (4++*%8resent& >ohn For<es ?err7 (S&B *33& ' ).S. Secretar7 of State (4+ ,%8resent& =avid Hoadle7 Thorne (S&B *33& ' ).S. Am<assador to Atal7 (4++*%4+ ,& Austan Gools<ee (S&B ** & ' 5em<er (4++*%4+ & and Chairman (4+ +%4+ & of the Council of 6conomic Advisers =avid ;. Boren (S&B *3,& ' Co%Chairman of the (residentGs Forei-n Antelli-ence Advisor7 Board (4++*%8resent& Tali Farimah Farhadian (S&B **"& ' law7er in the Office of the ).S. Attorne7 General (4++*%4+ +&1 one of the seven anon7mous >ustice =e8artment law7ers who re8resented Guantanamo terrorist sus8ects Geor-e W. Bush Administration (4++ %4++*& Geor-e W. Bush (S&B *3!& ' (resident of the )nited States (4++ %4++*& 2ictor Ashe (S&B *3"& ' ).S. Am<assador to (oland (4++/%4++*& $o7 ;. Austin (S&B *3!& ' ).S. Am<assador to Trinidad and To<a-o (4++ %4++*& Geor-e Her<ert Walker AAA (S&B *:,& ' ).S. Am<assador to Hun-ar7 (4++,%4++3& $o<ert =. 5cCallum >r. (S&B *3!& ' Assistant ).S. Attorne7 General for the Civil =ivision (4++ %4++,&1 Associate ).S. Attorne7 General (4++,%4++3&1 ).S. Am<assador to Australia (4++3%4++*& William H. DBillE =onaldson (S&B *:,& ' Chairman of ).S. Securities and 60chan-e Commission (4++,%4++:& 6dward 6. 5c9all7 (S&B *"*& ' Senior Counsel# Criminal =ivision# ).S. =e8artment of >ustice (4++3%4++*&1 ).S. Attorne7 for the Southern =istrict of Allinois (4++:%4++3&1 General Counsel# Homeland Securit7 Council (4++ %4++:&1 Senior Associate Counsel to the (resident of the )nited States (4++ %4++:& Clinton Administration ( **,%4++ & Winston ;ord (S&B *:*& ' Assistant Secretar7 of State for 6ast Asian and (acific Affairs ( **,% **"& >ohn OG;ear7 (S&B *3*& ' ).S. Am<assador to Chile ( **!%4++ & >ohn H.F. Shattuck (S&B *3:& ' ).S. Am<assador to CFech $e8u<lic ( **!%4+++&1 Assistant Secretar7 of State for Human $i-hts and Humanitarian Affairs ( **,% **:&1 Assistant Secretar7 of State for =emocrac7# Human $i-hts# and ;a<or ( **:% **!& Geor-e H.W. Bush Administration ( *!*% **,& Geor-e H.W. Bush (S&B */!& ' (resident of the )nited States ( *!*% **,& Winston ;ord (S&B *:*& ' ).S. Am<assador to $ed China ( *!:% *!*& $ichard Anthon7 5oore (S&B *,3& ' ).S. Am<assador to Areland ( *!*% **4& (aul C. ;am<ert (S&B *:+& ' ).S. Am<assador to 6cuador ( **+% **4& =avid Geor-e Ball (S&B *3+& ' Assistant Secretar7 of ;a<or for (ension and Welfare Benefits ( *!*% **,& 6dward 6. 5c9all7 (S&B *"*& ' S8eechwriter to the (resident of the )nited States ( *!*% ** & $ea-an Administration ( *! % *!*& Geor-e H.W. Bush (S&B */!& ' 2ice (resident of the )nited States ( *! % *!*& 6van Griffith Gal<raith (S&B *:+& ' ).S. Am<assador to France ( *! % *!:& Winston ;ord (S&B *:*& ' ).S. Am<assador to Communist China ( *!:% *!*& >ames ;. Buckle7 (S&B *//& ' )nder Secretar7 of State for Securit7 Assistance ( *! % *!4&1 State =e8artment Counselor ( *!4&1 (resident of $adio Free 6uro8eH$adio ;i<ert7 ( *!4% *!:& William H. =ra8er AAA (S&B *:+& ' Chairman and (resident of the 608ort%Am8ort Bank of the ).S. ( *! % *!3& Charles 6dwin ;ord (S&B */*& ' 2ice Chairman and 2ice (resident of the 608ort%Am8ort Bank of the ).S. ( *! %I& >onathan C. $ose (S&B *3,& ' Assistant ).S. Attorne7 General# Office of ;e-al (olic7 ( *! % *!/& $o<ert W. ?a-an (S&B *!+& ' 5em<er of the State =e8artment (olic7 (lannin- Staff ( *!:% *!!& Charles S. Whitehouse (S&B */"& ' Assistant Secretar7 of =efense for S8ecial O8erations and ;ow Antensit7 Conflict ( *!!% *!*& Carter Administration ( *""% *! & Charles S. Whitehouse (S&B */"& ' ).S. Am<assador to Thailand ( *":% *"!& Thomas B. $oss (S&B *: & ' Assistant Secretar7 of =efense for (u<lic Affairs ( *""% *! & William =. 9ordhaus (S&B *3,& ' 5em<er of the Council of 6conomic Advisers ( *""% *"*& =onald 6tra (S&B *3!& ' Assistant ).S. Attorne7 for Central =istrict of California ( *"!% *! & Ford Administration ( *"/% *""& Geor-e H.W. Bush (S&B */!& ' =irector of Central Antelli-ence A-enc7 ( *"3% *""&1 ;iaison Officer to $ed China ( *"/% *":& Winston ;ord (S&B *:*& ' =irector of State =e8artment (olic7 (lannin- Staff ( *",% *""& >ohn Sherman Coo8er (S&B *4,& ' ).S. Am<assador to 6ast German7 ( *"/% *"3& Charles S. Whitehouse (S&B */"& ' ).S. Am<assador to ;aos ( *",% *":&1 ).S. Am<assador to Thailand ( *":% *"!& >onathan C. $ose (S&B *3,& ' Associate =e8ut7 ).S. Attorne7 General ( *"/% *":&1 =e8ut7 Assistant ).S. Attorne7 General of Antitrust =ivision ( *":% *""& >ohn ?. Ta<or (S&B */,& ' )nder Secretar7 of Commerce ( *",% *":& >ohn W. 6den (S&B *: & ' Administrator of 6conomic =evelo8ment Administration at ).S. =e8t. of Commerce ( *"3% *""&

9i0on Administration ( *3*% *"/& Geor-e H.W. Bush (S&B */!& ' ).S. $e8resentative to the )nited 9ations ( *" % *",& Charles S. Whitehouse (S&B */"& ' ).S. Am<assador to ;aos ( *",% *":&1 =e8ut7 Am<assador to South 2ietnam ( *"4% *",& >ohn H. Chafee (S&B */"& ' Secretar7 of the 9av7 ( *3*% *"4& >ohn 5. Steadman (S&B *:4& ' General Counsel of the =e8artment of the Air Force ( *3!% *"+& Winston ;ord (S&B *:*& ' =irector of State =e8artment (olic7 (lannin- Staff ( *",% *""& William H. =onaldson (S&B *:,& ' )nder Secretar7 of State for Securit7 Assistance ( *",% *"/& $a7mond ?. (rice >r. (S&B *: & ' S8ecial Assistant to the (resident of the ).S. ( *3*% *",&1 S8ecial Counsel to the (resident of the ).S. ( *",% *"/& >onathan C. $ose (S&B *3,& ' S8ecial Assistant to the (resident of the ).S. ( *"+% *"4&1 General Counsel of Council on Anternational 6conomic (olic7 ( *"4% *"/& =avid =eWitt =ominick (S&B *3+& ' Commissioner of Federal Water Jualit7 Administration K=e8t. of the AnteriorL ( *3*% *" &1 Assistant 6nvironmental (rotection A-enc7 Administrator for HaFardous 5aterials Control ( *" % *",& $ichard Anthon7 5oore (S&B *,3& ' S8ecial Counsel to the (resident of the )nited States ( *" % *"/& >ohn ?. Ta<or (S&B */,& ' )nder Secretar7 of Commerce ( *",% *":& ;7ndon B. >ohnson Administration ( *3,% *3*& 5cGeor-e Bund7 (S&B */+& ' 9ational Securit7 Advisor ( *3 % *33& William (. Bund7 (S&B *,*& ' Assistant Secretar7 of =efense for Anternational Securit7 Affairs ( *3,% *3/&1 Assistant Secretar7 of State for 6ast Asian and (acific Affairs ( *3/% *3*& W. Averell Harriman (S&B * ,& ' )nder Secretar7 of State for (olitical Affairs ( *3,% *3:&1 Am<assador at ;ar-e ( *3:% *3*& Townsend Hoo8es (S&B *//& ' )nder Secretar7 of the Air Force ( *3"% *3*& (eter O. A. Sol<ert (S&B */ & ' =e8ut7 Assistant Secretar7 of =efense for Anternational Securit7 Affairs ( *3,% *3:& >ohn 5. Steadman (S&B *:4& ' General Counsel of the =e8artment of the Air Force ( *3!% *"+&1 S8ecial Assistant to the Secretar7 of =efense ( *3:% *3!& $ichard C. Steadman (S&B *::& ' =e8ut7 Assistant Secretar7 of =efense for 6ast Asia and (acific Affairs ( *33% *3*& Gas8ard dGAndelot Belin (S&B *,*& ' General Counsel of the ).S. =e8artment of the Treasur7 ( *34% *3:& William H. Orrick >r. (S&B *,"& ' Assistant ).S. Attorne7 General for Antitrust =ivision ( *3,% *3:& Harold Howe AA (S&B */+& ' ).S. Commissioner of 6ducation ( *3:% *3!& >ames >. Wadsworth (S&B *4"& ' 5em<er of the Federal Communications Commission ( *3:% *3*& =avid Cam8ion Acheson (S&B */,& ' ).S. Attorne7 for the =istrict of Colum<ia ( *3 % *3:&1 S8ecial Assistant to the Secretar7 of the Treasur7 ( *3:% *3"& >onathan B. Bin-ham (S&B *,3& ' ).S. $e8resentative to the )9 6conomic and Social Council ( *3,% *3/& Barr7 Morthian (S&B */ & ' Chief ).S. S8okesman and =irector of the >oint ).S. (u<lic Affairs Office in Sai-on ( *3/% *3!& ?enned7 Administration ( *3 % *3,& 5cGeor-e Bund7 (S&B */+& ' 9ational Securit7 Advisor ( *3 % *33& William (. Bund7 (S&B *,*& ' =e8ut7 Assistant Secretar7 of =efense for Anternational Securit7 Affairs ( *3 % *3,& William H. Orrick >r. (S&B *,"& ' Assistant ).S. Attorne7 General for Civil =ivision ( *3 % *34&1 =e8ut7 )nder Secretar7 of State for Administration ( *34% *3,& W. Averell Harriman (S&B * ,& ' Am<assador at ;ar-e ( *3 &1 Assistant Secretar7 of State for Far 6astern Affairs ( *3 % *3,&1 )nder Secretar7 of State for (olitical Affairs ( *3,% *3:& Gas8ard dGAndelot Belin (S&B *,*& ' General Counsel of the ).S. =e8artment of the Treasur7 ( *34% *3:& =avid Cam8ion Acheson (S&B */,& ' ).S. Attorne7 for the =istrict of Colum<ia ( *3 % *3:& >onathan B. Bin-ham (S&B *,3& ' ).S. $e8resentative to the )9 Trusteeshi8 Council ( *3 % *34& >ames Smith Bush (S&B *44& ' 5ana-in- =irector of 608ort%Am8ort Bank ( *:*% *3,& 6isenhower Administration ( *:,% *3 & >ames >. Wadsworth (S&B *4"& ' ).S. $e8resentative to the )nited 9ations ( *3+% *3 &1 =e8ut7 ).S. $e8. to the )nited 9ations ( *:,%3+& >ohn Sherman Coo8er (S&B *4,& ' ).S. Am<assador to Andia ( *::% *:3&1 ).S. Am<assador to 9e8al ( *::% *:3& Harold H. Heal7 >r. (S&B */,& ' 60ecutive Assistant to the ).S. Attorne7 General ( *:"% *:*& >ames Smith Bush (S&B *44& ' 5ana-in- =irector of 608ort%Am8ort Bank ( *:*% *3,& Samuel HaFard Gilles8ie >r. (S&B *,4& ' ).S. Attorne7 for the Southern =istrict of 9ew @ork ( *:*% *3 & Andrew =owne7 Orrick (S&B */+& ' Commissioner of ).S. Securities and 60chan-e Commission ( *::% *3+& Truman Administration ( */:% *:,& W. Averell Harriman (S&B * ,& ' Secretar7 of Commerce ( */3% */!&1 ).S. Am<assador to Great Britain ( */3&1 ).S. Am<assador to the Soviet )nion ( */,% */3& $o<ert A. ;ovett (S&B * !& ' Secretar7 of =efense ( *: % *:,&1 =e8ut7 Secretar7 of =efense ( */*% *: &1 )nder Secretar7 of State ( */"% */*& Henr7 ;. Stimson (S&B !!!& ' Secretar7 of War ( */+% */:& Artemus ;. Gates (S&B * !& ' )nder Secretar7 of the 9av7 (>ul7 */:%=ecem<er */:& Stanle7 Woodward (S&B *44& ' ).S. Am<assador to Canada ( *:+% *:,&1 Chief of (rotocol for the White House ( *//% *:+& F. Tru<ee =avison (S&B * !& ' =irector of CAA for (ersonnel ( *: % *:4& Charles 5. S8offord (S&B *4/& ' =e8ut7 $e8resentative to 9ATO ( *:+& >onathan B. Bin-ham (S&B *,3& ' =e8ut7 Administrator# Technical Coo8eration Administration Archi<ald 5ac;eish (S&B * :& ' Assistant Secretar7 of State for (u<lic and Cultural $elations ( *//% */:& >ames >. Wadsworth (S&B *4"& ' =e8ut7 Administrator of the Federal Civil =efense Administration ( *:+% *:4&

Franklin =. $oosevelt Administration ( *,,% */:& Henr7 ;. Stimson (S&B !!!& ' Secretar7 of War ( */+% */:& W. Averell Harriman (S&B * ,& ' ).S. Am<assador to the Soviet )nion ( */,% */3& Hu-h $. Wilson (S&B *+3& ' ).S. Am<assador to 9aFi German7 ( *,!&1 ).S. 5inister to SwitFerland ( *4"% *,"&1 Assistant Secretar7 of State ( *,"% *,!& $o<ert A. ;ovett (S&B * !& ' Assistant Secretar7 of War for Air ( */ % */:& Artemus ;. Gates (S&B * !& ' Assistant Secretar7 of the 9av7 for Air ( */ % */:& Harve7 H. Bund7 (S&B *+*& ' S8ecial Assistant to the Secretar7 of War ( */ % */:& Archi<ald 5ac;eish (S&B * :& ' Assistant Sec. of State for (u<lic and Cultural $elations ( *//% */:&1 ;i<rarian of Con-ress ( *,*% *//& Stanle7 Woodward (S&B *44& ' Chief of (rotocol KWhite HouseL ( *//% *:+&1 Assistant Chief of (rotocol# ).S. =e8t. of State ( *,"% *//& 6. Sheldon Whitehouse (S&B *+:& ' ).S. 5inister to Colom<ia ( *,,% *,/& Frederick Flower $o<inson (S&B *4"& ' =e8ut7 Administrator of 9ational $ecover7 Administration ( *,,% *,/& Hoover Administration ( *4*% *,,& Henr7 ;. Stimson (S&B !!!& ' ).S. Secretar7 of State (5arch 4!# *4*%5arch /# *,,& Harve7 H. Bund7 (S&B *+*& ' Assistant Secretar7 of State ( *, % *,,& Allen T. ?lots (S&B *+*& ' S8ecial Assistant to the Secretar7 of State ( *, % *,4& Thomas =. Thacher (S&B *+/& ' Solicitor General of the )nited States ( *,+% *,,& F. Tru<ee =avison (S&B * !& ' Assistant Secretar7 of War for Air ( *43% *,,& =avid S. An-alls (S&B *4+& ' Assistant Secretar7 of the 9av7 for Air ( *4*% *,4& Hu-h $. Wilson (S&B *+3& ' ).S. 5inister to SwitFerland ( *4"% *,"& 6. Sheldon Whitehouse (S&B *+:& ' ).S. 5inister to Guatemala ( *,+% *,,& Coolid-e Administration ( *4,% *4*& F. Tru<ee =avison (S&B * !& ' Assistant Secretar7 of War for Air ( *43% *,,& Hu-h $. Wilson (S&B *+3& ' ).S. 5inister to SwitFerland ( *4"% *,"& Henr7 ;. Stimson (S&B !!!& ' Governor General of the (hili88ines ( *4"% *4*& ?enneth F. Sim8son (S&B * "& ' Assistant ).S. Attorne7 for Southern =istrict of 9ew @ork ( *4:% *4"& 6. Sheldon Whitehouse (S&B *+:& ' Counselor of American 6m<ass7 in (aris# France ( *4 % *4!& and 5adrid# S8ain ( *4!% *4*& Hardin- Administration ( *4 % *4,& 6. Sheldon Whitehouse (S&B *+:& ' Counselor of American 6m<ass7 in (aris# France ( *4 % *4!& Hu-h $. Wilson (S&B *+3& ' Counselor of the ).S. 6m<ass7 in Tok7o# >a8an ( *4 % *4,& Wilson Administration ( * ,% *4 & 6dwin F. Sweet (S&B !" & ' Assistant Secretar7 of Commerce ( * ,% *4 & Henr7 S. Graves (S&B !*4& ' Chief of the ).S. Forest Service ( * +% *4+& Francis Burton Harrison (S&B !*:& ' Governor General of the (hili88ines ( * ,% *4 & Amos (arker Wilder (S&B !!/& ' ).S. Consul%General in Shan-hai ( *+*% * /& William ?ent (S&B !!"& ' 5em<er of ).S. Tariff Commission ( * "% *4+& Gifford (inchot (S&B !!*& ' 5em<er of the )nited States Food Administration ( * "% * *& Asa (almer French (S&B !!4& ' ).S. Attorne7 for the =istrict of 5assachusetts ( *+3% * /& Hu-h $. Wilson (S&B *+3& ' 4nd Secretar7 ( * 3% * "& and Counselor ( *4+% *4 & of American ;e-ation K6m<ass7L at Berlin# German7 6. Sheldon Whitehouse (S&B *+:& ' Chief of 9ear 6astern =ivision# ).S. =e8artment of State ( *4+% *4 &1 Counselor of American ;e-ation in Stockholm# Sweden ( * !&1 First Secretar7 of the American 6m<ass7 in (etro-rad# $ussia ( * 3% * "&1 Secretar7 to the ).S. Am<assador to France ( * *& Taft Administration ( *+*% * ,& William Howard Taft (S&B !"!& ' (resident of the )nited States ( *+*% * ,& Franklin 5ac2ea-h (S&B !34& ' Secretar7 of the Treasur7 ( *+*% * ,& Henr7 ;. Stimson (S&B !!!& ' Secretar7 of War ( * % * ,& Thomas ;ee 5cClun- (S&B !*4& ' Treasurer of the )nited States ( *+*% * 4& ;lo7d Wheaton Bowers (S&B !"*& ' Solicitor General of the )nited States ( *+*% * +& BenCamin S. Ca<le (S&B !*:& ' Assistant Secretar7 of Commerce and ;a<or ( *+*% * ,& Henr7 S. Graves (S&B !*4& ' Chief of the ).S. Forest Service ( * +% *4+& Gifford (inchot (S&B !!*& ' Chief of the ).S. Forest Service ( *+:% * +& Asa (almer French (S&B !!4& ' ).S. Attorne7 for the =istrict of 5assachusetts ( *+3% * /& >ohn Trum<ull $o<inson (S&B !*,& ' ).S. Attorne7 for the =istrict of Connecticut ( *+!% * 4& Thomas =. Thacher (S&B *+/& ' Assistant ).S. Attorne7 for the Southern =istrict of 9ew @ork ( *+"% * +& Amos (arker Wilder (S&B !!/& ' ).S. Consul%General in Shan-hai ( *+*% * /& Theodore $oosevelt Administration ( *+ % *+*& William Howard Taft (S&B !"!& ' Secretar7 of War ( *+/% *+!&1 Civil Governor of the (hili88ine Aslands ( *+ % *+/& 6llis Henr7 $o<erts (S&B !:+& ' Treasurer of the )nited States ( !*"% *+:& Andrew =. White (S&B !:,& ' ).S. 5inister to the German 6m8ire ( !*"% *+4& Stanford 9ewel (S&B !3 & ' ).S. 5inister to the 9etherlands ( !*"% *+:&1 ).S. 5inister to ;u0em<our- ( *+,% *+:& Amos (arker Wilder (S&B !!/& ' ).S. Consul%General in Hon- ?on- ( *+3% *+*& Gifford (inchot (S&B !!*& ' Chief of the ).S. Forest Service ( *+:% * +& Henr7 ;. Stimson (S&B !!!& ' ).S. Attorne7 for the Southern =istrict of 9ew @ork ( *+3% *+*& Asa (almer French (S&B !!4& ' ).S. Attorne7 for the =istrict of 5assachusetts ( *+3% * /& Thomas =. Thacher (S&B *+/& ' Assistant ).S. Attorne7 for the Southern =istrict of 9ew @ork ( *+"% * +& Geor-e W. Woodruff (S&B !!*& ' Assistant ).S. Attorne7 General ( *+"% *+*&1 chief law officer of ).S. Forest Service ( *+,% *+"&

William 5c?inle7 Administration ( !*"% *+ & 6llis Henr7 $o<erts (S&B !:+& ' Treasurer of the )nited States ( !*"% *+:& Andrew =. White (S&B !:,& ' ).S. 5inister to the German 6m8ire ( !"*% !! # !*"% *+4& Stanford 9ewel (S&B !3 & ' ).S. 5inister to the 9etherlands ( !*"% *+:& Samuel ?ni-ht (S&B !!"& ' ).S. Attorne7 for the 9orthern =istrict of California ( !*/% !*!& Grover Cleveland Administration ( !!:% !!*# !*,% !*"& William C. Whitne7 (S&B !3,& ' Secretar7 of the 9av7 ( !!:% !!*& Wilson Shannon Bissell (S&B !3*& ' (ostmaster%General of the )nited States ( !*,% !*:& Frank Hatch >ones (S&B !":& ' First Assistant ).S. (ostmaster General ( !*,% !*"& 6dward B. Whitne7 (S&B !"!& ' Assistant ).S. Attorne7 General ( !*,% !*"& >ohn Sammis Se7mour (S&B !":& ' ).S. Commissioner of (atents ( !*,% !*"& Henr7 $ootes >ackson (S&B !,*& ' ).S. 5inister to 5e0ico ( !!:% !!3& Andrew =. White (S&B !:,& ' ).S. 5inister to the $ussian 6m8ire ( !*4% !*/& Watson $. S8err7 (S&B !" & ' ).S. 5inister to the (ersian 6m8ire ( !*,& 6<en Ale0ander (S&B !",& ' ).S. 5inister to Greece ( !*,% !*"&1 ).S. 5inister to $omania ( !*/% !*"&1 ).S. 5inister to Ser<ia ( !*/% !*"& Frank 6. H7de (S&B !"*& ' Consul in ;7ons# France ( !*,% !*"& Arthur =. Bissell (S&B !3"& ' ).S. Collector of Customs at the (ort of Buffalo K9ew @orkL ( !!:% !!*& Samuel ?ni-ht (S&B !!"& ' ).S. Attorne7 for the 9orthern =istrict of California ( !*/% !*!& BenCamin Harrison Administration ( !!*% !*,& Andrew =. White (S&B !:,& ' ).S. 5inister to the $ussian 6m8ire ( !*4% !*/& William Walter (hel8s (S&B !3+& ' ).S. 5inister to the German 6m8ire ( !!*% !*,& William Howard Taft (S&B !"!& ' Solicitor General of the )nited States ( !*+% !*4& 6u-ene Schu7ler (S&B !:*& ' ).S. Consul General in 6-78t ( !!*% !*+& 6llis Henr7 $o<erts (S&B !:+& ' Assistant Treasurer of the ).S. ( !!*% !*,& Walker Blaine (S&B !"3& ' 60aminer of Claims in the State =e8artment ( !!*% !*+& >ames Garfield and Chester Arthur Administrations ( !! % !!:& Andrew =. White (S&B !:,& ' ).S. 5inister to the German 6m8ire ( !"*% !! # !*"% *+4& William Walter (hel8s (S&B !3+& ' ).S. 5inister to the Austro%Hun-arian 6m8ire ( !! % !!4& Al8honso Taft (S&B !,,& ' ).S. 5inister to the Austro%Hun-arian 6m8ire ( !!4% !!/&1 ).S. 5inister to $ussian 6m8ire ( !!/% !!:& >ames O. (utnam (S&B !,*& ' ).S. 5inister to Bel-ium ( !!+% !!4& 6u-ene Schu7ler (S&B !:*& ' ).S. 5inister to $omania ( !! % !!/&1 ).S. 5inister to Ser<ia ( !!4% !!/&1 ).S. 5inister to Greece ( !!,% !!/& Walker Blaine (S&B !"3& ' Third Assistant Secretar7 of State ( !! % !!4&1 Assistant Attorne7 for the ).S. <efore the Court of Commissioners of Ala<ama Claims in Washin-ton# =.C. ( !!4% !!:& $utherford B. Ha7es Administration ( !""% !! & William 5. 6varts (S&B !,"& ' ).S. Secretar7 of State ( !""% !! & Andrew =. White (S&B !:,& ' ).S. 5inister to the German 6m8ire ( !"*% !! # !*"% *+4& >ames O. (utnam (S&B !,*& ' ).S. 5inister to Bel-ium ( !!+% !!4& C7rus 9orthro8 (S&B !:"& ' Collector of the (ort of 9ew Haven# Connecticut ( !3*% !! & >ohn Wallin-ford Andrews >r. (S&B !"+& ' ).S. =istrict Attorne7 for the Territor7 of 5ontana ( !"*% !!+& )l7sses S. Grant Administration ( !3*% !""& Al8honso Taft (S&B !,,& ' Secretar7 of War ( !"3&1 ).S. Attorne7 General ( !"3% !""& >ohn Thomas Cro0ton (S&B !:"& ' ).S. 5inister to Bolivia ( !",% !"/& Anthon7 Hi--ins (S&B !3 & ' ).S. Attorne7 for =elaware ( !3*% !"3& Henr7 Cham8ion =emin- (S&B !,3& ' ).S. Collector of Anternal $evenue ( !3*% !"4& C7rus 9orthro8 (S&B !:"& ' Collector of the (ort of 9ew Haven# Connecticut ( !3*% !! & Constantine C. 6st7 (S&B !/:& ' Assessor of Anternal $evenue ( !34% !33# !3"% !"4& Andrew >ohnson Administration ( !3:% !3*& William 5. 6varts (S&B !,"& ' ).S. Attorne7 General ( !3!% !3*& Constantine C. 6st7 (S&B !/:& ' Assessor of Anternal $evenue ( !34% !33# !3"% !"4& >ames O. (utnam (S&B !,*& ' ).S. Consul in ;e Havre# France ( !3 % !33& Green Cla7 (S&B !:*& ' Secretar7 of the ).S. ;e-ation at Turin and Florence ( !34% !3!& A<raham ;incoln Administration ( !3 % !3:& Constantine C. 6st7 (S&B !/:& ' Assessor of Anternal $evenue ( !34% !33# !3"% !"4& >ames O. (utnam (S&B !,*& ' ).S. Consul in ;e Havre# France ( !3 % !33& William 5. 6varts (S&B !,"& ' S8ecial =i8lomatic 6nvo7 to Great Britain and France Green Cla7 (S&B !:*& ' Secretar7 of the ).S. ;e-ation at St. (eters<ur- ( !3 &1 Secretar7 of the ).S. ;e-ation at Turin and Florence ( !34% !3!& 5illard Fillmore# Franklin (ierce# and >ames Buchanan Administrations ( !:+% !3 & Henr7 $ootes >ackson (S&B !,*& ' ).S. 5inister to the Austrian 6m8ire ( !:/% !:!& =onald Grant 5itchell (S&B !/ & ' ).S. Consul in 2enice KAtal7L ( !:,% !:/& Allen Ferdinand Owen (S&B !,"& ' ).S. Consul in Havana# Cu<a KS8ainL ( !: &

Skull & Bones in American State and ;ocal Governments


GovernorsB William Barrett Wash<urn (S&B !//# $e8u<lican& ' Governor of 5assachusetts ( !"4% !"/& =aniel H. Cham<erlain (S&B !34# $e8u<lican& ' Governor of South Carolina ( !"/% !"3& $ichard =udle7 Hu<<ard (S&B !,*# =emocrat& ' Governor of Connecticut ( !""% !"*& Henr7 B. Harrison (S&B !/3# $e8u<lican& ' Governor of Connecticut ( !!:% !!"& Geor-e (ea<od7 Wetmore (S&B !3"# $e8u<lican& ' Governor of $hode Asland ( !!:% !!"& ;uFon B. 5orris (S&B !:/# =emocrat& ' Governor of Connecticut ( !*,% !*:& 6dward Curtis Smith (S&B !":# $e8u<lican& ' Governor of 2ermont ( !*!% *++& Simeon 6. Baldwin (S&B !3 # =emocrat& ' Governor of Connecticut ( * % * :& Gifford (inchot (S&B !!*# $e8u<lican& ' Governor of (enns7lvania ( *4,% *4"# *, % *,:& W. Averell Harriman (S&B * ,# =emocrat& ' Governor of 9ew @ork ( *::% *:*& >ohn H. Chafee (S&B */"# $e8u<lican& ' Governor of $hode Asland ( *3,% *3*& =avid ;. Boren (S&B *3,# =emocrat& ' Governor of Oklahoma ( *":% *"*& Geor-e W. Bush (S&B *3!# $e8u<lican& ' Governor of Te0as ( **:%4+++& Other State Government OfficialsB >ohn For<es ?err7 (S&B *33& ' ;ieutenant Governor of 5assachusetts ( *!,% *!:& Timoth7 ;. Woodruff (S&B !"*& ' ;ieutenant Governor of 9ew @ork ( !*"% *+4& Geor-e G. Sill (S&B !:4& ' ;ieutenant Governor of Connecticut ( !",% !""& >ohn Wallace Houston (S&B !,/& ' Secretar7 of State of =elaware ( !/ % !//& Chaunce7 5. =e8ew (S&B !:3& ' Secretar7 of State of 9ew @ork ( !3/% !3:& >ohn Andrew (eters (S&B !/4& ' Attorne7 General of 5aine ( !3/% !33& =wi-ht Foster (S&B !/!& ' Attorne7 General of 5assachusetts ( !3 % !3/& =aniel H. Cham<erlain (S&B !34& ' Attorne7 General of South Carolina ( !3!% !"4& Geor-e W. Woodruff (S&B !!*& ' Attorne7 General of (enns7lvania ( *4,% *4"& >ohn ?. Ta<or (S&B */,& ' Secretar7 of Commerce of (enns7lvania ( *3,% *3"&1 Secretar7 of Anternal Affairs of (enns7lvania ( *3"% *3!&1 Secretar7 of ;a<or and Andustr7 ( *3!% *3*& 6u-ene ;am< $ichards (S&B !!:& ' Su8erintendent of Banks of the State of 9ew @ork ( * /% * "& (ierre >a7 (S&B !*4& ' Bank Commissioner of 5assachusetts ( *+3% *+*& 5a7orsB Henr7 Cham8ion =emin- (S&B !,3& ' 5a7or of Hartford# Connecticut ( !:/% !:!# !3+% !34&1 served as (rovisional 5a7or of 9ew Orleans under )nion 5artial ;aw (Octo<er !34%Fe<ruar7 !3,& >ohn Ball Bris<rin (S&B !/3& ' 5a7or of St. (aul# 5innesota ( !:"& Alfred 5ills (S&B !/"& ' 5a7or of 5orristown# 9ew >erse7 ( !"/% !"3& 6dwin F. Sweet (S&B !" & ' 5a7or of Grand $a8ids# 5ichi-an ( *+/% *+3& Frederick Collin (S&B !" & ' 5a7or of 6lmira# 9ew @ork ( !*/% !*!& William Waldo H7de (S&B !"3& ' 5a7or of Hartford# Connecticut ( !*4% !*/& (erc7 Hamilton Stewart (S&B !*+& ' 5a7or of (lainfield# 9ew @ork ( * 4% * ,& Cornelius (orter ?itchel (S&B !*"& ' 5a7or of 6n-lewood# 9ew >erse7 ( *,+% *,,& Charles (. Taft AA (S&B * !& ' 5a7or of Cincinnati# Ohio ( *::% *:"& William Sheffield Cowles (S&B *4 & ' 5a7or of Farmin-ton# Connecticut ( *:3% *3+& >. Jui-- 9ewton >r. (S&B *,,& ' 5a7or of =enver# Colorado ( */"% *::& >ohn Care7 (S&B */:W& ' 5a7or of $7e# 9ew @ork ( *"/% *!4& 2ictor H. Ashe (S&B *3"& ' 5a7or of ?no0ville# Tennessee ( *!"%4++,& >ohn >. OG;ear7 (S&B *3*& ' 5a7or of (ortland# 5aine ( *!+% *! & Other ;ocal Government OfficialsB Au-ustus Brande-ee (S&B !/*& ' Cor8oration Counsel of 9ew ;ondon# Connecticut ( !*"% !*!& William C. Whitne7 (S&B !3,& ' Cor8oration Counsel of 9ew @ork Cit7 ( !":% !!4& William ?neeland Townsend (S&B !" & ' Cor8oration Counsel of 9ew Haven# Connecticut ( !!*% !* & Almet Francis >enks (S&B !":& ' Cor8oration Counsel of Brookl7n# 9ew @ork ( !!3% !*/& William Waldo H7de (S&B !"3& ' Cor8oration Counsel of Hartford# Connecticut ( *+ % *+,& ;ucien F. Bur8ee (S&B !"*& ' Cor8oration Counsel of Water<ur7# Connecticut ( !*+% !*3& Howard Ho7t ?na88 (S&B !!4& ' Cor8oration Counsel of Brid-e8ort# Connecticut ( !*,% !*/& Frank Bosworth Brande-ee (S&B !!:& ' Cor8oration Counsel of 9ew ;ondon# Connecticut ( !!*% !*,# !*/% !*"# *+ % *+4& Arthur ;effin-well Shi8man (S&B !!3& ' Cor8oration Counsel of Hartford# Connecticut ( *+/% *+!# * +% * 4& Thomas =. Thacher (S&B *+/& ' Cor8oration Counsel of 9ew @ork Cit7 ( */,& Gu7 Ward 5allon (S&B !!:& ' 5em<er of the Cincinnati Cit7 Council ( *+3% *+!& William ?ent (S&B !!"& ' 5em<er of the Chica-o Cit7 Council ( !*:% !*"& Charles (. Taft AA (S&B * !& ' 5em<er of the Cincinnati Cit7 Council ( *,!% */4# */!% *: # *::% *""& (otter Stewart (S&B *,"& ' 5em<er of the Cincinnati Cit7 Council ( *: % *:/& >erred Gurle7 Blanchard (S&B *,*& ' 5em<er of the 5em8his KTennesseeL Cit7 Council ( *3!% *"4& >ohn >. OG;ear7 (S&B *3*& ' 5em<er of the (ortland K5aineL Cit7 Council ( *":% *!4& Franklin Atkins ;ord (S&B !*!& ' =e8ut7 (olice Commissioner of 9ew @ork Cit7 ( * :% * !&

Connecticut State ;e-islatureB William Huntin-ton $ussell (S&B !,,& ' House of $e8resentatives ( !/3% !/"& 6leaFar ?. Foster (S&B !,/& ' House of $e8resentatives ( !//% !/:# !3:& Henr7 C. =emin- (S&B !,3& ' Senate ( !: &1 House of $e8resentatives ( !/*% !:+# !:*% !3 & William Smith Scar<orou-h (S&B !,"& ' Senate ( !/3& William Henr7 Chandler (S&B !,*& ' Senate ( !3"&1 House of $e8resentatives ( !/"& $ichard =udle7 Hu<<ard (S&B !,*& ' House of $e8resentatives ( !/4# !::# !:!& =aniel William Havens (S&B !/,& ' House of $e8resentatives ( !"4& Orris Sanford Ferr7 (S&B !//& ' Senate ( !::% !:3& Alv7n (. H7de (S&B !/:& ' House of $e8resentatives ( !:/# !:!# !3,& Henr7 B. Harrison (S&B !/3& ' Senate ( !:/% !:3&1 House of $e8resentatives ( !3:# !",# !!,& Ste8hen W. ?ello-- (S&B !/3& ' Senate ( !:,&1 House of $e8resentatives ( !:3& Au-ustus Brande-ee (S&B !/*& ' House of $e8resentatives ( !:/% !:"# !:*% !3 & Oswald ;. Woodford (S&B !:+& ' House of $e8resentatives ( !3:& Geor-e G. Sill (S&B !:4& ' House of $e8resentatives ( !!4& ;uFon B. 5orris (S&B !:/& ' Senate ( !"/&1 House of $e8resentatives ( !::% !:3# !"+# !"3# !!+% !! & Geor-e (ratt (S&B !:"& ' House of $e8resentatives ( !3+# !3/% !3:# !3*& Charles H. Owen (S&B !3+& ' House of $e8resentatives ( !!4& Geor-e C. $i8le7 (S&B !34& ' House of $e8resentatives ( !!4& >ohn 5annin- Hall (S&B !33& ' Senate ( !!*&1 House of $e8resentatives ( !"+% !"4# !! % !!4& >ohn Ho7t (err7 (S&B !"+& ' Senate ( * ,% * :&1 House of $e8resentatives ( !""% !"!# !! # !!*& Wil<ert Warren (err7 (S&B !" & ' House of $e8resentatives ( !!,& 6dwards =enmore $o<<ins (S&B !"/& ' House of $e8resentatives ( !!4% !!,& >ohn Sammis Se7mour (S&B !":& ' Senate ( !* % !*4& (I& Frank 6. H7de (S&B !"*& ' House of $e8resentatives ( !!"% !!*& ;ewis Alfred (latt (S&B !"*& ' Senate ( * +% * 4& =anford 9ewton Barne7 (S&B !! & ' Senate ( *+:& Frank B. Brande-ee (S&B !!:& ' House of $e8resentatives ( !!!# !**& Oliver G. >ennin-s (S&B !!"& ' House of $e8resentatives ( *4,& Frederic C. Walcott (S&B !* & ' Senate ( *4:% *4*& >oe G. 6still (S&B !* & ' House of $e8resentatives ( *,4% *,3& Frank S. Butterworth (S&B !*:& ' Senate ( *+"% *+*& (I& William =. Barnes (S&B *+"& ' House of $e8resentatives ( */*% *: & William Sheffield Cowles (S&B *4 & ' House of $e8resentatives ( */*% *::& $ussell ;ee (ost >r. (S&B *:!& ' Senate ( *"*% *!4&1 State House of $e8resentatives ( *",% *"!& Bernard (. 5adden (S&B *3*& ' Senate ( *""% *"!& 9ew @ork State ;e-islatureB Frederick 6llsworth 5ather (S&B !,,& ' 9ew @ork State Assem<l7 ( !/:& >ose8h B. 2arnum (S&B !,!& ' 9ew @ork State Assem<l7 ( !/*% !: # !:"& >ames O. (utnam (S&B !,*& ' 9ew @ork State Senate ( !:/% !::& Theodore H. Benedict (S&B !/+& ' 9ew @ork State Assem<l7 ( !:+& 6llis Henr7 $o<erts (S&B !:+& ' 9ew @ork State Assem<l7 ( !33& Andrew =. White (S&B !:,& ' 9ew @ork State Senate ( !3/& William Henr7 Gleason (S&B !:,& ' 9ew @ork State Assem<l7 ( !3/% !3:& Chaunce7 5. =e8ew (S&B !:3& ' 9ew @ork State Assem<l7 ( !3 % !3,& >ames Wilton Brooks (S&B !":& ' 9ew @ork State Assem<l7 ( !!4% !!,& Henr7 5annin- Sa-e (S&B !*+& ' 9ew @ork State Senate ( * % *4 &1 9ew @ork State Assem<l7 ( !*!% !**& >ames W. Husted (S&B !*4& ' 9ew @ork State Assem<l7 ( !*:% !*"& Frank >. (rice (S&B !*4& ' 9ew @ork State Assem<l7 ( !**% *+ & >ames Wolcott Wadsworth >r. (S&B !*!& ' 9ew @ork State Assem<l7 ( *+:% * +& F. Tru<ee =avison (S&B * !& ' 9ew @ork State Assem<l7 ( *44% *43& >ames >. Wadsworth (S&B *4"& ' 9ew @ork State Assem<l7 ( *, % */ & 5assachusetts State ;e-islatureB William Barrett Wash<urn (S&B !//& ' 5assachusetts Senate ( !:+&1 5assachusetts House of $e8resentatives ( !:,% !::& Constantine C. 6st7 (S&B !/:& ' 5assachusetts State Senate ( !:"% !:!&1 5assachusetts House of $e8resentatives ( !3"& William W. Cra8o (S&B !:4& ' 5assachusetts House of $e8resentatives ( !:"& ;inus 5ason Child (S&B !::& ' 5assachusetts House of $e8resentatives ( !3!% !3*& Charles 5. T7ler (S&B !::& ' 5assachusetts House of $e8resentatives ( !34& >ohn Haskell Butler (S&B !3,& ' 5assachusetts House of $e8resentatives ( !!+% !! & Henr7 Waterman Warren (S&B !3:& ' 5assachusetts House of $e8resentatives ( !!4# !!:& ;evi C. Wade (S&B !33& ' 5assachusetts House of $e8resentatives ( !"3% !!+& Samuel >ames 6lder (S&B !",& ' 5assachusetts House of $e8resentatives ( !!:& Stuart Crai- $and (S&B *+*& ' 5assachusetts House of $e8resentatives ( */,% */3& $hode Asland State ;e-islatureB BenCamin Tucker 6ames (S&B !/,& ' $hode Asland State Senate ( !:/% !:"# !3,% !3/# !!/% !!:&1 $hode Asland House of $e8resentatives ( !:*% !3+# !3!% !3*# !"*% !! & ;eBaron Bradford Colt (S&B !3!& ' $hode Asland House of $e8resentatives ( !"*% !! & William F. Whitehouse (S&B !**& ' $hode Asland State Senate ( *4/# *43& >ohn H. Chafee (S&B */"& ' $hode Asland House of $e8resentatives ( *:"% *3,&

Ohio State ;e-islatureB $ufus Hart (S&B !,,& ' Senate ( !/:% !/"& Asahel H. ;ewis (S&B !,,& ' General Assem<l7 KHouse of $e8resentativesL ( !/"% !/!& 5orrison $. Waite (S&B !,"& ' General Assem<l7 ( !/*% !:+& Thomas 5arshall ?e7 (S&B !,!& ' Ohio State Senate ( !:!% !3 & Wil<ur (arker (S&B !!+& ' Senate ( !*4% !*,&1 General Assem<l7 ( !*+% !* & Gu7 Ward 5allon (S&B !!:& ' General Assem<l7 ( !*+% !* & $o<ert A. Taft (S&B * +& ' House of $e8resentatives ( *4 % *43&1 Senate ( *, % *,4& >ohn B. =em8se7 (S&B * & ' General Assem<l7 ( *4,% *4"& >ohn 5artin 2or7s (S&B * !& ' General Assem<l7 ( *4,% *4:&1 Senate ( *4:% *4"& =avid S. An-alls (S&B *4+& ' General Assem<l7 ( *4"% *4*& Other State ;e-islatorsB Samuel 5arshall (S&B !,,& ' Allinois State ;e-islature >ames 9. ;ea (S&B !,/& ' ;ouisiana State ;e-islature ( !/3& >ohn Hu<<ard Tweed7 (S&B !,/& ' Wisconsin State Assem<l7 ( !:,& Hu-h White Sheffe7 (S&B !,:& ' 5em<er of the General Assem<l7 of the State of 2ir-inia ( !/3% !:/&1 S8eaker of the 2ir-inia House of =ele-ates ( !3 % !3:& Allen Ferdinand Owen (S&B !,"& ' Geor-ia State House of $e8resentatives ( !/,% !/"& Curtis Field Burnham (S&B !/+& ' ?entuck7 State Senate ( !**# *+,&1 ?entuck7 House of $e8resentatives ( !: # !:*% !3,& William Ta7lor Sullivan Barr7 (S&B !/ & ' 5ississi88i State House of $e8resentatives ( !/*% !: # !::& >ohn Andrew (eters (S&B !/4& ' 5aine State Senate ( !34% !3,& >ohn Henr7 Felder (S&B !//& ' South Carolina State ;e-islature ( !:4% !3 & >ose8h B. Walker (S&B !//& ' 9ew Ham8shire State Senate ( !*,&1 9ew Ham8shire House of $e8resentatives ( !33% !3"& $ichard Ta7lor (S&B !/:& ' ;ouisiana State Senate ( !:3% !3 & >ohn Ball Bris<rin (S&B !/3& ' 5innesota State ;e-islature ( !:!% !3/& $ichard Smith 5esick (S&B !/!& ' California State Senate ( !::& Charles Green Came (S&B !/*& ' 5aine State House of $e8resentatives ( !:/% !::& Henr7 Chase (S&B !:+& ' 2ermont State ;e-islature ( !3:& Al<ert (ierson Condit (S&B !:+& ' 9ew >erse7 State ;e-islature ( !33% !3"# !" & 2icent 5armaduke (S&B !:4& ' 5issouri State ;e-islature ( !!4% !!,& Thomas 5c?inne7 >ack (S&B !:,& ' Te0as State ;e-islature ( !:*& Green Cla7 (S&B !:*& ' 5issouri State Senate ( !* &1 5issouri House of $e8resentatives ( *+4& ;owndes Henr7 =avis (S&B !3+& ' 5issouri House of $e8resentatives ( !"3% !"!& Henr7 Waterman Warren (S&B !3:& ' 5ississi88i State ;e-islature ( !"+% !":& Frank Hatch >ones (S&B !":& ' Allinois State ;e-islature ( !* & 6dward Curtis Smith (S&B !":& ' 2ermont State ;e-islature ( !*+& William ?nowles >ames (S&B !"!& ' 5issouri House of $e8resentatives ( * "% * !& Adrian Se<astian 2an deGraaff (S&B !! & ' Ala<ama State ;e-islature ( * !% *44& 5a0well 6varts (S&B !!/& ' 2ermont House of $e8resentatives ( *+3& (hili8 B. Stewart (S&B !!3& ' Colorado State House of $e8resentatives ( * /% * :& $al8h =. (aine (S&B !*/& ' 9ew Ham8shire State ;e-islature ( * *& William 5oss-rove Beard (S&B !*3& ' 9ew >erse7 State ;e-islature ( * 4& ;o-an Ha7 (S&B !*,& ' Allinois State Senate ( *+"% * /& Hu-h Andrew Callahan (S&B !**& ' AriFona House of $e8resentatives ( *,+% *,,& Harr7 W. ;eGore (S&B * "& ' 5ar7land House of =ele-ates ( *,+&1 5ar7land State Senate ( *,:% *,"& (I& Cassius 5. Cla7 (S&B * !& ' ?entuck7 State Senate ( *:,% *::# *:"&1 ?entuck7 House of $e8resentatives ( *,,% */ & >ohn Sherman Coo8er (S&B *4,& ' ?entuck7 House of $e8resentatives ( *4!% *,+& $ichard ;. Ti-he (S&B *4,& ' 5em<er of 5innesota State House of $e8resentatives ( *,/% *,!& (I& $ichard >. ;uman (S&B *4:& ' W7omin- State Senate ( */:% */*&1 W7omin- House of $e8resentatives ( *,"% */:& William S. Garnse7 (S&B *,,& ' Colorado State Senate ( *3"% *"/& Frank A. ?em8 (S&B */4& ' Colorado State Senate ( *33% *"+&1 Colorado State House of $e8resentative ( *:4% *:/# *34% *33& Arthur $. Giesen >r. (S&B *:/& ' 2ir-inia State House of =ele-ates ( *3/% *"/# *"3% **:& >ack 6dwin 5cGre-or (S&B *:3& ' (enns7lvania State Senate ( *34% *"+& =avid ;. Boren (S&B *3,& ' Oklahoma State House of $e8resentatives ( *3"% *":& 2ictor H. Ashe (S&B *3"& ' Tennessee State Senate ( *":% *!,&1 Tennessee House of $e8resentatives ( *3!% *"/& K9oteB 2ictor H. Ashe was disNualified from servin- in the Tennessee House of $e8resentatives due to a-e.L 9oteB (I& O uncertain

Connecticut State >ud-esB Simeon 6. Baldwin (S&B !3 & ' >ustice of the Connecticut Su8reme Court of 6rrors ( !*,% * +&1 Chief >ustice of the Connecticut Su8reme Court of 6rrors ( *+"% * +& >ohn 5annin- Hall (S&B !33& ' >ud-e of Su8erior Court of Connecticut ( !!*% !*,& Samuel Oscar (rentice (S&B !",& ' >ud-e of Su8erior Court of Connecticut ( !!*% *+ &1 >ud-e of the Connecticut Su8reme Court of 6rrors ( *+ % *4+&1 Chief >ustice of the Connecticut Su8reme Court of 6rrors ( * ,% *4+& ;ucien F. Bur8ee (S&B !"*& ' >ud-e of Connecticut Su8reme Court of 6rrors ( *4 % *4/& 9ew @ork State >ud-esB William ;aw ;earned (S&B !/ & ' (residin- >ustice of the Su8reme Court of 9ew @ork ( !":% !*4& Charles Fraser 5ac;ean (S&B !3/& ' >ustice of the Su8reme Court of 9ew @ork ( !*3% *+*& 6dward B. Whitne7 (S&B !"!& ' >ustice of the Su8reme Court of 9ew @ork ( *+*% * & Almet Francis >enks (S&B !":& ' (residin- >ustice of the Su8reme Court of 9ew @ork ( * % *4 & >ohn Care7 (S&B */:W& ' >ustice of the Su8reme Court of 9ew @ork ( *!"& Francis 5. Finch (S&B !/*& ' >ud-e of the 9ew @ork State Court of A88eals ( !!+% !*3& Frederick Collin (S&B !" & ' >ud-e of 9ew @ork State Court of A88eals ( * +% *4+& Thomas =. Thacher (S&B *+/& ' >ud-e of the 9ew @ork State Court of A88eals ( */,% */!& Other State >ud-esB >ohn Wallace Houston (S&B !,/& ' Associate >ustice of the Su8erior Court of =elaware ( !::% !*,& >ames 9. ;ea (S&B !,/& ' Associate >ustice of ;ouisiana Su8reme Court ( !::% !3,& Hu-h White Sheffe7 (S&B !,:& ' >ud-e of the Su8erior Court of 2ir-inia ( !3:% !3*& William Frierson Coo8er (S&B !,!& ' >ustice of Su8reme Court of Tennessee ( !3 % !34# !"!% !!3& >ohn Andrew (eters (S&B !/4& ' >ud-e of Su8reme >udicial Court of 5aine ( !",% *++&1 Chief >ustice of the Su8reme >udicial Court of 5aine ( !!,% *++& ;eonard 6u-ene Wales (S&B !/:& ' >ustice of the Su8erior Court of =elaware ( !3/% !!/& =wi-ht Foster (S&B !/!& ' >ustice of 5assachusetts Su8reme Court ( !33% !3*& $ichard Smith 5esick (S&B !/!& ' former >ud-e of the 9evada Su8reme Court BenCamin =. 5a-ruder (S&B !:3& ' >ustice of Allinois Su8reme Court ( !!:% *+3& Frederic Adams (S&B !34& ' >ud-e of Court of 6rrors and A88eals of 9ew >erse7 ( !*"% *+,&1 >ud-e of Circuit Court of 9ew >erse7 ( *+,% * "& Henr7 2arnum Freeman (S&B !3*& ' >ud-e of Su8erior Court of Allinois ( !*,% * 3&1 >ud-e of Allinois A88ellate Court ( !*!& >ohn Ho7t (err7 (S&B !"+& ' >ud-e of Court of Common (leas in 9orwalk# Connecticut ( !!*% !*,& William ?nowles >ames (S&B !"!& ' >ud-e of Circuit Court of 5issouri ( !*!% *+4& William Howard Taft (S&B !"!& ' >ud-e of Su8erior Court of Ohio ( !!"% !*+& Wil<ur Franklin Booth (S&B !!/& ' >ud-e of 5innesota State =istrict Court ( *+*% * /&

Skull and Bones Bankers


$a7 5orris (S&B *+ & ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *:3& W. Averell Harriman (S&B * ,& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % */3& ;aurence G. Ti-he (S&B * 3& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *,/& 6. $oland Harriman (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *"!& (rescott S. Bush (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *"4& 6ller7 S. >ames (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *,4& ?ni-ht Woolle7 (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *!4& $o<ert A. ;ovett (S&B * !& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % */+# */3% */"# */*% *:+# *:,% *!3& Ste8hen @. Hord (S&B *4 & ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( */:% *! & Gran-er ?. Costik7an (S&B *4*& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *3*% **!& >ohn Beckwith 5adden (S&B */ & ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *::% *!!& Walter H. Brown (S&B */:W& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *3!%I& Ale0ander T. 6rcklentF (S&B *:*& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *"!%8resent& 6u-ene W. Stetson >r. (S&B *,/& ' Assistant 5ana-er of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *,"% */4& 5ortimer Sea<ur7 (S&B *+*& ' 6m8lo7ee of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. Harold Stanle7 (S&B *+!& ' 2ice (resident of Guarant7 Trust Co. of 9ew @ork ( * 3% *4!& Klater mer-ed with >( 5or-an ChaseL Frank (. She8ard (S&B * "& ' 2ice (resident of Guarant7 Trust Co. of 9ew @ork ( *4*% *,/& Henr7 (. =avison >r. (S&B *4+& ' former senior 8artner of Guarant7 Trust Co. of 9ew @ork Thomas $odd (S&B *,:& ' 60ec. 2ice (resident ( *3:% *" & and 2ice Chairman ( *" % *"3& of 5or-an Guarant7 Trust Co. of 9ew @ork William $edmond Cross >r. (S&B */ & ' Senior 2ice (resident of 5or-an Guarant7 Trust Co. of 9ew @ork ( *3/% *",&1 60ecutive 2ice (resident of 5or-an Guarant7 Trust Co. of 9ew @ork ( *",% *"!& =aniel (. =avison (S&B */*& ' 2ice (resident of 5or-an Guarant7 Trust Co. of 9ew @ork ( *3 % *",& William C. Whitne7 (S&B !3,& ' =irector of Guarant7 Trust Co. of 9ew @ork Thomas Cochran (S&B !*/& ' =irector of Guarant7 Trust Co. of 9ew @ork Harr7 (a7ne Whitne7 (S&B !*/& ' =irector of Guarant7 Trust Co. of 9ew @ork ( !**% *,+& (erc7 $ockefeller (S&B *++& ' =irector of Guarant7 Trust Co. of 9ew @ork ( * :% *,+& >ose8h $. Swan (S&B *+4& ' =irector of Guarant7 Trust Co. of 9ew @ork W. 5urra7 Crane (S&B *+/& ' =irector of Guarant7 Trust Co. of 9ew @ork ;ansin- (. $eed (S&B *+/& ' =irector of Guarant7 Trust Co. of 9ew @ork ( *4/% *,,& W. Averell Harriman (S&B * ,& ' =irector of Guarant7 Trust Co. of 9ew @ork ( * 3% */ & ?ni-ht Woolle7 (S&B * "& ' =irector of Guarant7 Trust Co. of 9ew @ork Clement =. Gile (S&B *,*& ' =irector of Guarant7 Trust Co. of 9ew @ork Geor-e H. Chittenden (S&B *,*& ' =irector of Guarant7 Trust Co. of 9ew @ork Harold Stanle7 (S&B *+!& ' (resident of 5or-an# Stanle7 & Co. ( *,:% */ &1 (artner of >.(. 5or-an & Co. ( *4!% *,:& =ean Witter >r. (S&B *//& ' (artner of =ean Witter & Co. ( */3% *"+&1 60ecutive 2ice (resident of =ean Witter & Co. ( *3!% *"+& Charles >aco< Stewart (S&B * !& ' (artner of ;aFard Freres & Co. ( *:,% *:*&1 Chairman of 5anufacturers Hanover Trust Co. ( *3/% *3:& >ose8h $ichardson =ilworth (S&B *,!& ' (artner of ?uhn# ;oe< & Co. ( *: % *:!& Harr7 KHenr7L (. =avison >r. (S&B *4+& ' (artner ( *4*% */+& and 2ice (resident ( */+% */4& of >.(. 5or-an & Co. >ose8h (. Ord (S&B !",& ' (artner of >.(. 5or-an & Co. ( *+ % *+4&1 Com8troller of General 6lectric Co. ( !*4% *+ & Samuel $. Bertron (S&B !!:& ' (resident of Bertron# Griscom & Com8an7# Anc.# international financiers K9ew @ork Cit7# (hiladel8hia# and (arisL ( * 4% *,!&1 former 2ice (resident of Guarant7 Trust Co. of 9ew @ork (ierre >a7 (S&B !*4& ' Chairman of the <oard of Fiduciar7 Trust Com8an7 K9ew @ork Cit7L ( *,+% */:& Thomas Cochran (S&B !*/& ' Chairman of the <oard of Bankers Trust Com8an7 ( *,3&1 (artner of >.(. 5or-an & Co. ( * "% *,3& Otto T. Bannard (S&B !"3& ' Chairman of the <oard of 9ew @ork Trust Com8an7 ( * 3% *4 & 5ortimer 9orton Buckner (S&B !*:& ' Chairman of the <oard of 9ew @ork Trust Com8an7 ( *4 % */4& Artemus ;. Gates (S&B * !& ' (resident of 9ew @ork Trust Com8an7 ( *4*% */ &1 former director of A<ercrom<ie & Fitch Co.# )nion (acific $ailroad# Time# and Boein=aniel (. =avison (S&B */*& ' Chairman and C6O of ).S. Trust Co. ( *!4% *!*&1 (resident of ).S. Trust Co. ( *"*% *!4& Ste8hen A. SchwarFman (S&B *3*& ' Chairman and C6O of The Blackstone Grou8 ( *!:%8resent& ;ewis A<<ot ;a8ham (S&B *, & ' 2ice Chairman of Bankers Trust Co. ( *33% *"/&1 (resident of Bankers Trust 9ew @ork Cor8. ( *3!% *"/& Geor-e H. (fau >r. (S&B */!& ' Senior 2ice (resident of )BS William H. Wri-ht AA (S&B *!4& ' 5ana-in- =irector of 5or-an# Stanle7 & Co. Corliss 6smonde Sullivan (S&B *++& ' former Chairman of the <oard and (resident of Central 9ational Bank 6l<rid-e Clinton Cooke (S&B !""& ' Chairman of the <oard ( *4+% *4*& and (resident ( *+,% *4+& of 5innea8olis Trust Com8an7 >ohn Ho7t (err7 (S&B !"+& ' former (resident of South8ort Savin-s Bank 6llis H. $o<erts (S&B !:+& ' (resident of Franklin 9ational Bank of 9ew @ork Cit7 ( !*,% !*"& #ederal $eserve Syste! % #ederal $eserve Ban&s (ierre >a7 (S&B !*4& ' Chairman of the Federal $eserve Bank of 9ew @ork ( * /% *43& >ohn (errin (S&B !"*& ' Chairman of the Federal $eserve Bank of San Francisco ( * /% *4:& Geor-e ;. Harrison (S&B * +& ' (resident of the Federal $eserve Bank of 9ew @ork ( *4!% */+& $o-er B. She8ard (S&B *+!& ' Chairman of the Federal $eserve Bank of 5innea8olis ( */+% *:,& Stanford Ta88an Cra8o (S&B !!3& ' Class B =irector of the Federal $eserve Bank of Chica-o ( *44% *,!& Charles 6. Adams (S&B *+/& ' Class B =irector of the Federal $eserve Bank of 9ew @ork ( */:% */!& William =. 9ordhaus (S&B *3,& ' Class B =irector of the Federal $eserve Bank of Boston (4+ +%8resent& Walter Seth ;o-an (S&B * +& ' General Counsel of the Federal $eserve Board in Washin-ton# =.C. ( *4+% *44&1 2ice (resident and General Counsel of the Federal $eserve Bank of 9ew @ork ( *4!% *:,&

Skull and Bones Businessmen


Cor8orate 60ecutivesB >ose8h $ichardson =ilworth (S&B *,!& ' Chairman of the <oard of $ockefeller Center# Anc. ( *33% *!4& Henr7 >ohn HeinF AA (S&B *, & ' Chairman of the <oard of H.>. HeinF Com8an7 ( *:*% *!"& >ohn Hancock =aniels (S&B */,& ' Chairman of Archer%=aniels%5idland Co. ( *3"% *"4& $o<ert Guthrie (a-e (S&B *44& ' Chairman of the <oard of (hel8s =od-e Cor8oration ( *3"% *"+& >ohn S. (ills<ur7 >r. (S&B *,:& ' Chairman and C6O of 9orthwestern 9ational ;ife Ansurance Co. ( *3*% *""& William H. =onaldson (S&B *:,& ' Chairman and C6O of Aetna Ansurance Co. (4+++%4++ & =avid =ou<leda7 Hol<rook (S&B *3+& ' Chairman of 5arsh & 5c;ennan# Anc. ( **:% **!& Thomas B. Wheeler (S&B *:!& ' Chairman and C6O of 5assachusetts 5utual ;ife Ansurance Co. ( **3% ***& Henr7 9eil 5allon (S&B * "& ' (resident of =resser Andustries# Anc. ( *4*% *:!& Frederick 6. We7erhaeuser (S&B !*3& ' (resident of We7erhaeuser Tim<er Co. ( *,"% */:& Frederick Winthro8 Allen (S&B *++& ' Chairman of =unlo8 Tire & $u<<er Com8an7 ( *,+% *,,& Charles Christian Haffner >r. (S&B * *& ' Chairman and C6O of $.$. =onnelle7 & Sons Co. KChica-o 8rintin- firmL ( *:4% *3/& Ga7lord =onnelle7 (S&B *, & ' Chairman of the <oard of $.$. =onnelle7 & Sons Co. KChica-o 8rintin- firmL ( *3/% *":& 5orehead (atterson (S&B *4+& ' Chairman ( */,% *34& and (resident ( */ % */,# */"% *:!& of American 5achine & Foundr7 Co. 2ernon $. ;oucks >r. (S&B *:"& ' Chairman and C6O of Ba0ter Anternational Anc. ( *!"% **!&1 a director of Anheuser%Busch 6dward S. ;am8ert (S&B *!/& ' Chairman of Sears Holdin-s Cor8. (4++:%8resent&1 Chairman of ?%5art (4++,%4++:& Frederick W. Smith (S&B *33& ' Chairman and C6O of Federal 608ress Cor8. KFed60 Cor8.L ( *":%8resent& $ussell W. 5e7er >r. (S&B *:/& ' Chairman and C6O of Cessna Aircraft Co. ( *":%4+++# 4++4%4++,& Storer B. ;unt (S&B *4 & ' Chairman ( *:!%c. *3!& and (resident ( */:% *:!& of W.W. 9orton & Com8an7# Anc. William Thom8son ;usk (S&B *4/& ' (resident of Tiffan7 & Co. K9ew @ork Cit7L ( *::% *3"& >ohn Warner Field (S&B *,"& ' (resident and C6O of Warnaco# Anc. ( *:"% *"/&1 Chairman and C6O of Warnaco# Anc. ( *"/% *"3& Francis FitF $andol8h (S&B * & ' (artner of >&W Seli-man & Co. ( *4,% */+&1 Senior (artner of >&W Seli-man & Co. ( */+% *",& Geor-e Her<ert Walker# >r. (S&B *4"& ' General (artner of G.H. Walker & Co. ( *4*% *"/&1 Co%Founder of 9ew @ork 5ets K<ase<allL Geor-e H.W. Bush (S&B */!& ' Chairman of the <oard ( *3/% *33& and (resident ( *:3% *3/& of Ma8ata Offshore Co. $o<ert H. Gow (S&B *::& ' (resident of Ma8ata Offshore Co. ( *3/% *"+& $ailwa7 60ecutivesB William Wallace Cra8o (S&B !:4& ' former (resident of Flint & (ere 5arNuette $ailroad Chaunce7 5. =e8ew (S&B !:3& ' (resident of the 9ew @ork Central & Hudson $iver $ailroad Co. ( !!:% !*!& >ohn 5annin- Hall (S&B !33& ' (resident of the 9ew @ork# 9ew Haven and Hartford $ailroad Com8an7 ( !**% *+,& ;evi C. Wade (S&B !33& ' (resident of the 5e0ican Central $ailwa7 Com8an7 ( !!:% !* & Wilson Shannon Bissell (S&B !3*& ' (resident of the Buffalo & Southwestern $ailroad ( !!,% !*:& 6dward Curtis Smith (S&B !":& ' (resident of Central 2ermont $ailroad Com8an7 ( !* % !*3# * ,% *4"& Am<rose Ti-he (S&B !"*& ' (resident of =uluth# $ed Win- & Southern $ailwa7 Co. ( *+ & Fairfa0 Harrison (S&B !*+& ' (resident of Southern $ailwa7 Co. ( * ,% *,"&1 (resident of Chica-o# Andiana8olis & ;ouisville $ailwa7 Com8an7 Kin Chica-oL ( * +% * ,& W. Averell Harriman (S&B * ,& ' Chairman of the <oard of )nion (acific $ailroad Co. ( *,4% */3& 6. $oland Harriman (S&B * "& ' Chairman of the <oard of )nion (acific $ailroad Co. ( */3% *3*& Other BusinessmenB Frank S8encer Wither<ee (S&B !"/& ' former (resident of Tro7 Steel Co. Walter >ennin-s (S&B !!+& ' (resident of 9ational Fuel Gas Co. ( *+!% * *&1 Secretar7 of Standard Oil Co. of 9ew >erse7 K600onL ( *+!% * & $e-inald Foster (S&B !!/& ' former 2ice (resident and General Counsel of 9ew 6n-land 5utual ;ife Ansurance Co. Frederic Au-ustus Stevenson (S&B !!!& ' General Su8erintendent for the 9ew @ork Cit7 district# AT&T ( *+!% * !& Frederick Baldwin Adams (S&B *++& ' former Chairman of the <oard of Air $eduction Co. Chaunce7 >erome Hamlin (S&B *+,& ' 5em<er of the 9ew @ork Stock 60chan-e ( */ % *3,& Charles 6. Adams (S&B *+/& ' former Chairman and (resident of Air $eduction Co. Winthro8 5urra7 Crane >r. (S&B *+/& ' former Chairman of the <oard of Crane & Co. Thomas ;. =aniels (S&B * /& ' former (resident of Archer%=aniels%5idland1 son of Archer%=aniels%5idland founder >ohn W. =aniels Henr7 We<< >ohnstone (S&B * 3& ' Senior 2ice (resident of 5erck & Co.# Anc. ( *:+% *:"& =avid S. An-alls (S&B *4+& ' former 2ice (resident of (an%American Airlines Frank A. S8role (S&B */4& ' 2ice Chairman of the <oard of Bristol%57ers Co. ( *""% *!/& 6lliott 6vans 2ose (S&B */:W& ' former Senior 2ice (resident of Grumman Anternational =onlan 2. A<er- >r. (S&B *:4& ' former (resident of 9utrition (roducts of America ;inden S. Blue (S&B *:!& ' 2ice Chairman of General Atomics $ichard A. ;um8kin (S&B *:!& ' former Chairman and (resident of Allinois Consolidated Tele8hone Com8an7 (now called Consolidated Communications Anc.& Charles A. Frank AAA (S&B *3,& ' Senior 2ice (resident of )nited States Trust Com8an7 of 9ew @ork K).S. Trust Co.L ( *"/% *!*& 5ehdi $aFa Ali (S&B *3:& ' 2ice (resident of General 5otors ( *"3% *!+&1 2ice (resident of (e8siCo Anc. ( *!+% *!/&1 5ana-in- =irector at =illon# $ead & Com8an7 ( *!/% *!*& ;awrence >. Mi-erelli (S&B *!+& ' former 60ecutive 2ice (resident for Cor8orate =evelo8ment at C2S (harmac71 former (resident of 5eiCer Stores =ou-las $. Henston (S&B *!/& ' Chief 60ecutive Officer of Soli0 Biofuels# Anc.

Skull and Bones ;aw7ers


;aw7ers in 9ew @ork Cit7 law firmsB ;ansin- (. $eed (S&B *+/& ' 5em<er of =avis# (olk# Wardwell# Gardiner & $eed ( * :% *,"& Charles 5. S8offord (S&B *4/& ' 5em<er of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( */+% *:+# *:4% *",& Charles Hastin-s Willard (S&B *43& ' (artner of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( *:+% *",& 6dward $o-ers Wardwell (S&B *4"& ' 5em<er of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( */3%c. *"4& Samuel HaFard Gilles8ie >r. (S&B *,4& ' 5em<er of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( */!%4+ & (eter O.A. Sol<ert (S&B */ & ' (artner of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( *:"% *3,# *3:% *!*& 6dward Snover $eid AAA (S&B *: & ' (artner of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( *3/% **:& 5orris Hadle7 (S&B * 3& ' (artner of 5il<ank# Tweed# Hadle7 & 5cClo7 ( *4/% *"*& William 6ldred >ackson (S&B */ & ' (artner of 5il<ank# Tweed# Hadle7 & 5cClo7 ( *:/% ***& Walter $ice Brewster (S&B *4 & ' former 5em<er of 5il<ank# Tweed# Hadle7 & 5cClo7 Andrew >. Connick (S&B *:4& ' former (artner of 5il<ank# Tweed# Hadle7 & 5cClo7 Thomas Thacher (S&B !" & ' Co%Founder and 5em<er of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett ( !":% * *& William 5ilo Barnum (S&B !""& ' Co%Founder and former (artner of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett (hili8 G. Bartlett (S&B !! & ' (artner of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett ( !*+% *, & Thomas 5ills =a7 (S&B !!3& ' 5em<er of Sim8son# Thacher & Barnum (later Bartlett& ( !*!% * "& Graham Sumner (S&B !*"& ' 5em<er of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett ( *+/% */3& Thomas =. Thacher (S&B *+/& ' (artner of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett ( * /% *4:# *,,% */,& Henr7 ;. Stimson (S&B !!!& ' Counsel of Winthro8# Stimson# (utnam & $o<erts ( !* % *+3# * ,% *4"# *,,% */+# */:% *:+& Allen T. ?lots (S&B *+*& ' 5em<er of Winthro8# Stimson# (utnam & $o<erts ( *4 % *3:& Hamilton Hadle7 (S&B * *& ' (artner of Winthro8# Stimson# (utnam & $o<erts ( *4*% */+& >ohn Baker >essu8 (S&B */4& ' (artner of Winthro8# Stimson# (utnam & $o<erts ( *:*% **,& 6ndicott (ea<od7 =avison (S&B */:& ' (artner of Winthro8# Stimson# (utnam & $o<erts ( *:*% *!+& Howard 5ansfield (S&B !" & ' 5em<er of ;ord# =a7 & ;ord ( *+ % *,!& Henr7 =eForest Baldwin (S&B !!:& ' 5em<er of ;ord# =a7 & ;ord ( *++% */"& Sherman Baldwin (S&B * *& ' 5em<er of ;ord# =a7 & ;ord ( *4*% *3*& $o<ert Guthrie (a-e (S&B *44& ' 5em<er of =e<evoise# Stevenson# (lim8ton & (a-e ( *,3% */"& Harold H. Heal7 >r. (S&B */,& ' (artner of =e<evoise & (lim8ton ( *:*% *!*& Henr7 Waters Taft (S&B !!+& ' (artner of Cadwalader# Wickersham & Taft ( !**% */:& William ;lo7d ?itchel (S&B !*4& ' (artner of Cadwalader# Wickersham & Taft ( * /% */:& Charles Wheeler (ierson (S&B !!3& ' 5em<er of Ale0ander & Green Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *++% *4*& Alfred O-den (S&B *,4& ' (artner of Ale0ander & Green Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *::% *":& >ohn Care7 (S&B */:W& ' (artner of Coudert Brothers Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *3 % *!"& >ohn William Sterlin- (S&B !3/& ' Co%Founder and 5em<er of Shearman & Sterlin- Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( !",% * !& (a7son 5errill (S&B !3:& ' 5em<er of 5errill# $o-ers# Gifford & Wood7 Kand 8redecessorsL Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( !!,% *4/& >ohn S. Se7mour (S&B !":& ' 5em<er of Se7mour# Se7mour & Harmon Kand successorsL Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( !*:% *4 & 6dwin =ean Worcester (S&B !"3& ' 5em<er of Worcester# Williams & Sa0e Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *+*% *4*& Charles Bu0ton Ho<<s (S&B !!:& ' 5em<er of Gifford# Ho<<s & Beard Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *+/% *4,& Winthro8 6dwards =wi-ht (S&B !*,& ' (artner of =wi-ht & Scoville Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( * % *//& Anson 5cCook Beard (S&B !*:& ' 5em<er of Gifford# Ho<<s & Beard Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *+,% *4,& =ean Sa-e (S&B !*"& ' 5em<er of Sa-e# Gra7# Todd & Sims Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *+:% */,& ;ee >ames (errin (S&B *+3& ' (artner of A88leton# (errin & Ho7t Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( * 3% */3& 6dward Bancroft Twom<l7 (S&B * 4& ' (artner of (utne7# Twom<l7# Hall & Skidmore Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( * *% *33& Samuel Sloan =ur7ee (S&B * "& ' 5em<er of (arker# =ur7ee# BenCamin# Munino and 5alone Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( */,% *"*& 6dwin Foster Blair (S&B *4/& ' (artner of Hu-hes# Hu<<ard# Blair & $eed Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *:4% *3!& Frederick (. Haas (S&B *,:& ' (artner of We<ster# Sheffield# Fleischmann# Hitchcock & Chr7stie Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( */3% *3:& (aul C. ;am<ert (S&B *:+& ' (artner of Breed# A<<ott & 5or-an Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *33% *!*& ;aw7ers in other maCor American citiesB >ohn ;oomer Hall (S&B !*/& ' 5em<er of Choate# Hall & Stewart Klaw firm in BostonL ( *+/% *3+& Harve7 H. Bund7 (S&B *+*& ' 5em<er of Choate# Hall & Stewart Klaw firm in BostonL ( *,,% */ # */:% *3,& 5arcien >enckes (S&B *4 & ' 5em<er of Choate# Hall & Stewart Klaw firm in BostonL ( *4"% *" & Gas8ard dGAndelot Belin (S&B *,*& ' (artner of Choate# Hall & Stewart Klaw firm in BostonL ( *::% *34# *3:% **+& >ohn Stanle7 Walker (S&B */4& ' former (artner of $eavis# (o-ue# 9eal & $ose Klaw firm in Washin-ton .=.C.L =avid C. Acheson (S&B */,& ' (artner of >ones# =a7# $eavis & (o-ue Klaw firm in Washin-ton# =.C.L ( *"/% *"!& >onathan C. $ose (S&B *3,& ' (artner of >ones# =a7# $eavis & (o-ue ( *""% *! # *!/%8resent& =avid Alan $ichards (S&B *3"& ' (artner of Sidle7 & Austin Klaw firm in Chica-o and 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *!,%4+++& =onald 6tra (S&B *3!& ' (artner of Sidle7 & Austin Klaw firm in Chica-o and ;os An-elesL ( *!,% **:& $o<ert =. 5cCallum >r. (S&B *3!& ' (artner of Alston & Bird Klaw firm in AtlantaL ( *"*%4++ & William Sin-er 5oorhead (S&B *+3& ' 5em<er of 5oorhead & ?no0 Klaw firm in (itts<ur-hL ( * "% *:4& ;ucius F. $o<inson (S&B !!:& ' Senior 5em<er of $o<inson# $o<inson & Cole Klaw firm in ConnecticutL >ohn Trum<ull $o<inson (S&B !*,& ' 5em<er of $o<inson# $o<inson & Cole Klaw firm in Hartford# ConnecticutL ( !*3% *,"& Arthur ;effin-well Shi8man (S&B !!3& ' (artner of Gross# H7de & Shi8man Klaw firm in Hartford# ConnecticutL ( !*/% * *&1 Senior 5em<er of Shi8man & Goodwin Klaw firm in Hartford# ConnecticutL ( * *% *,"& Samuel ?ni-ht (S&B !!"& ' 5em<er of Christin# ?ni-ht# Boland & Chnstin Klaw firm in San FranciscoL ( * !% */,&

>ohn B. =em8se7 (S&B *

& ' (artner of SNuire# Sanders & =em8se7 Klaw firm in Cleveland# OhioL ( *,:% *3,&

General CounselsB ;evi C. Wade (S&B !33& ' General Counsel of the 5e0ican Central $ailwa7 Com8an7 ( !!:% !* & Howard 5ansfield (S&B !" & ' former General Counsel for Western 9ew @ork & (enns7lvania $ailroad Com8an7 6dwards =enmore $o<<ins (S&B !"/& ' General Counsel of 9ew @ork# 9ew Haven & Hartford $ailroad ( *+"% * /& >ames 5ulford Townsend (S&B !"/& ' General Counsel of 6.A. du (ont de 9emours (owder Com8an7 ( *+,% * ,& Chester 5itchell =awes (S&B !"3& ' General Counsel of Chica-o# Burlin-ton & Juinc7 $ailroad Com8an7 ( *+*% * "& ;lo7d Wheaton Bowers (S&B !"*& ' General Counsel of Chica-o & 9orthwestern $ailwa7 Com8an7 ( !*,% *+*& Thomas 5ills =a7 (S&B !!3& ' General Counsel of Florida Southern $ailroad Com8an7 ( !*+% !*4&1 General Counsel of )nion Ba- and (a8er Cor8oration ( * "% *,"& 5orison $emich Waite (S&B !!!& ' General Solicitor of Baltimore & Ohio $ailroad and Western ;ines ( * !% */3& Charles (ascal Franchot (S&B * +& ' General Counsel of $emin-ton $and Anc. ( *4"% */:& Geor-e Alfred $anne7 (S&B *,/& ' General Counsel of Anland Steel Co. KChica-oL ( *34% *3!&1 5em<er of Sidle7# Austin# Bur-ess & Smith Klaw firm in Chica-oL ( *,*% *34& =avid C. Acheson (S&B */,& ' General Counsel of Communications Satellite Cor8. ( *3"% *"/& >ack 6dwin 5cGre-or (S&B *:3& ' 2ice (resident and General Counsel of (otomac 6lectric (ower Cor8. ( *"4% *"/& Geor-e >. =unn (S&B *:"& ' Senior 2ice (resident and General Counsel of B( America# Anc. and Standard Oil (Ohio& ( *"/% **!&

Skull and Bones >ournalists and 5iscellaneous


>ournalistsB Henr7 $. ;uce (S&B *4+& ' 6ditor%in%Chief of Time# Anc. ( *4,% *3/&1 Founder of Time ( *4,&# Fortune ( *,+&# Life ( *,3&# and Sports Illustrated ( *:/& William F. Buckle7# >r. (S&B *:+& ' 6ditor%in%Chief of National Review ma-aFine ( *::% **+& Archi<ald 5ac;eish (S&B * :& ' 6ditor of Fortune ma-aFine ( *4*% *,!& $al8h =. (aine >r. (S&B *4*& ' (u<lisher of Fortune ma-aFine ( *:,% *3"&1 5ana-in- 6ditor of Fortune ma-aFine ( */ % *:,& $ussell W. =aven8ort (S&B *4,& ' 5ana-in- 6ditor of Fortune ma-aFine ( *,"% */+&1 Chief 6ditorial Writer of ;ife 5a-aFine ( */4% *//&1 creator of Fortune :++ list >ohn =aven8ort (S&B *43& ' 6ditor of Barrons Weekly ma-aFine ( */*% *:/&1 former assistant mana-in- editor of Fortune Tom (rideau0 (S&B *,+& ' former entertainment editor of ;ife ma-aFine Christo8her Buckle7 (S&B *":& ' former mana-in- editor of Esquire ma-aFine Harold (hel8s Stokes (S&B *+*& ' 5em<er of the 6ditorial Staff of T e New !ork Times ( *43% *,"& Amor7 Howe Bradford (S&B *,/& ' 2ice (resident ( *:"% *3,& and General 5ana-er ( *3+% *3,& of The 9ew @ork Times Co. $o<ert W. ?a-an (S&B *!+& ' Columnist for T e Was in"ton #ost =ana T. 5il<ank (S&B **+& ' Columnist for T e Was in"ton #ost =avid $. ;eonhardt (S&B **/& ' Washin-ton Bureau Chief of T e New !ork Times (I%8resent& Thomas B. $oss (S&B *: & ' Washin-ton Bureau Chief of $ i%a"o Sun&Times ( *"+% *""&1 Senior 2ice (resident of 9BC 9ews ( *!3% **+&1 Senior 2ice (resident for Cor8orate Affairs at $CA Cor8. ( *!4% *!3& 6arl G. Graves >r. (S&B *!/& ' (resident and C6O of Bla%k Enterprise ma-aFine (4++3%8resent& Orde Coom<s (S&B *3:& ' former host of DBlack ConversationsE talk show1 former contri<utin- editor to 9ew @ork ma-aFine# senior editor of 5cCallGs 8u<lication Alfred Cowles (S&B !!3& ' Secretar7 and Treasurer of Chica-o Tri<une Com8an7 ( !*!% *+ & $ichard 6l7 =anielson (S&B *+"& ' (resident of Atlantic 5onthl7 Co. ( */+&1 (resident of S8ortsman (u<lishin- Co. ( *4"% *,"& Alfred Cowles AAA (S&B * ,& ' former (resident of Cowles Communication =avid S. An-alls (S&B *4+& ' (resident and (u<lisher of $in%innati Times Star ( *:/% *:!& Barr7 Morthian (S&B */ & ' (resident of Time%;ife Broadcast ( *3*% *",&1 former (ro-ram 5ana-er of the 2oice of America Fer-us $eid Buckle7 (S&B *:4& ' founder and head of Buckle7 School of (u<lic S8eakin=avid 5cCullou-h (S&B *::& ' author and writer Allen T. ?lots >r. (S&B */,& ' senior editor at the 8u<lishin- house of =odd# 5ead & Co. Arthur $eed ?im<all (S&B !""& ' former <usiness mana-er of Water'ury (meri%an William H. Cowles (S&B !!"& ' (u<lisher of Spokane Spokesman&Review ( !*,% */3&1 =irector of Associated (ress ( * 4% *//& Charles Ho8kins Clark (S&B !" & ' (resident and 6ditor%in%Chief of )artford $ourant ( !*+% *43& Charles W. Bur8ee (S&B !!,& ' 5ana-in- 6ditor of )artford $ourant ( *++% *+/& ArchitectsB 6varts Trac7 (S&B !*+& ' Architect of =enver Cathedral# 5issouri State Ca8itol# and ).S. (ost Office and Court House in =enver >ohn Walter Cross (S&B *++& ' desi-ned <uildin- of Tiffan7 & Co.# $CA# Aetna ;ife Ansurance Co.# Guarant7 Trust Co. ;ewis Greenleaf Adams (S&B *4+& ' Architect of All Saints Cha8el in (rinceton# 9ew >erse7 Other 5aCor BonesmenB ;awrence 5. ?elle7 (S&B *,"& ' awarded the Heisman Tro8h7 in *,3 Clinton 6. Frank (S&B *,!& ' awarded the Heisman Tro8h7 in *," 5ichael (7le (S&B *3 & ' foot<all 8la7er for Chica-o Bears (9F;& =on Schollander (S&B *3!& ' awarded a -old medal at the *3/ Summer Ol7m8ics in Tok7o Archi<ald 5ac;eish (S&B * :& ' awarded (ulitFer (riFe for American (oetr7 in *,, and *:,1 awarded (ulitFer (riFe for =rama in *:* =avid 5cCullou-h (S&B *::& ' awarded (ulitFer (riFe for Bio-ra8h7 in **, (Truman& and 4++4 (*o n (dams& >ames A. Whitmore (S&B *//& ' Holl7wood actor1 acted as Admiral William F. Halse7 in the movie Tora+ Tora+ Tora, $ichard Westerfield (S&B *"*& ' musical conductor 5ichael Cerveris (S&B *!,& ' 8la7ed Tomm7 in the Broadwa7 musical The WhoGs Tomm7 Adam Guettel (S&B *!"& ' received a Ton7 Award in 4++: for musical D;i-ht in the (iaFFaE =aniel ?evin Granholm 5ulhern (S&B *!+& ' DFirst GentlemanE of 5ichi-an1 hus<and of >ennifer Granholm# Governor of 5ichi-an

Skull and Bones & Colle-e 6ducation and ;ocal Schools


@ale )niversit7 60ecutivesB Timoth7 =wi-ht (S&B !/*& ' (resident of @ale )niversit7 ( !!3% !**& Arthur Twinin- Hadle7 (S&B !"3& ' (resident of @ale )niversit7 ( !**% *4 &1 =ean of the Graduate School at @ale )niversit7 ( !*4% !*:& Charles Se7mour (S&B *+!& ' (resident of @ale )niversit7 ( *,"% *:+&1 (rovost of @ale )niversit7 ( *4"% *,"& William =. 9ordhaus (S&B *3,& ' (rovost of @ale )niversit7 ( *!3% *!!&1 2ice (resident for Finance and Administration ( **4% **,& Henr7 (arks Wri-ht (S&B !3!& ' =ean of @ale )niversit7 ( !!/% *+*& Frederick S. >ones (S&B !!/& ' =ean of @ale )niversit7 ( *+*% *4"& Franklin B. =e0ter (S&B !3 & ' Secretar7 of @ale )niversit7 ( !3*% !**&1 ;arned (rofessor of American Histor7 at @ale )niv. ( !""% !!!& Anson (hel8s Stokes (S&B !*3& ' Secretar7 of @ale )niversit7 ( !**% *4 & Carl A. ;ohmann (S&B * +& ' Secretar7 of @ale )niversit7 ( *4"% *:,& $eu<en A. Holden (S&B */+& ' Secretar7 of @ale )niversit7 ( *:,% *" & Henr7 Coit ?in-sle7 (S&B !,/& ' Treasurer of @ale )niversit7 ( !34% !!3& William Whitman Farnam (S&B !33& ' Treasurer of @ale )niversit7 ( !!!% !**& Thomas ;ee 5cClun- (S&B !*4& ' Treasurer of @ale )niversit7 ( *+/% *+*& ;aurence G. Ti-he (S&B * 3& ' Treasurer of @ale )niversit7 ( */4% *:/& Charles Stafford Ga-e (S&B *4:& ' Treasurer of @ale )niversit7 ( *:/% *33& >ohn 6dwin 6cklund (S&B *,!& ' Treasurer of @ale )niversit7 ( *33% *"!& 6lmore 5. 5c?ee (S&B * *& ' Cha8lain of @ale )niversit7 ( *4"% *,+& Au-ust Sidne7 ;ovett (S&B * ,& ' Cha8lain of @ale )niversit7 ( *,4% *:!& William Sloane Coffin >r. (S&B */*& ' Cha8lain of @ale )niversit7 ( *:!% *"3& =aniel C. Gilman (S&B !:4& ' ;i<rarian of @ale )niversit7 ( !:!% !3:& Addison 2an 9ame (S&B !:!& ' ;i<rarian of @ale )niversit7 ( !3:% *+:& >ohn C. Schwa< (S&B !!3& ' ;i<rarian of @ale )niversit7 ( *+:% * 3& Henr7 S. Graves (S&B !*4& ' =ean of @ale School of Forestr7 ( *++% *,*& Stanho8e Ba7ne%>ones (S&B * +& ' =ean of @ale School of 5edicine ( *,:% */+& Howard Sa7re Weaver (S&B */!& ' =ean of the @ale School of Art and Architecture ( *3"% *"/& William H. =onaldson (S&B *:,& ' =ean of @ale School of 5ana-ement ( *"3% *!+& =elane7 ?i8huth (S&B */ & ' =irector of Athletics at @ale )niversit7 ( *:/% *"3& @ale )niversit7 (rofessorsB Thomas A. Thacher (S&B !,:& ' (rofessor of ;atin ( !/4% !!3& Chester Smith ;7man (S&B !,"& ' (rofessor of (h7sics at @ale )niversit7 KSheffield Scientific SchoolL ( !:*% !!/& BenCamin Silliman >r. (S&B !,"& ' (rofessor of Chemistr7 at @ale )niversit7 ( !:/% !"+& >ames 5ason Ho88in (S&B !/+& ' (rofessor of Homiletics ( !3 % !"*&1 (rofessor of Histor7 of Art ( !"*% !**& Timoth7 =wi-ht (S&B !/*& ' (rofessor of Sacred ;iterature at @ale )niversit7 ( !:*% !!3& ;ewis $. (ackard (S&B !:3& ' (rofessor of Greek ( !3"% !!/& C7rus 9orthro8 (S&B !:"& ' (rofessor of 6n-lish ( !3,% !!/& Simeon 6<en Baldwin (S&B !3 & ' (rofessor of ;aw at @ale ;aw School ( !3*% * *& Trac7 (eck (S&B !3 & ' (rofessor of ;atin ( !!*% *+!& 6dward Benton Coe (S&B !34& ' Street (rofessor of 5odern ;an-ua-es ( !3"% !"*& William G. Sumner (S&B !3,& ' (rofessor of 6conomics ( !"4% *+*& >ames ?. Thacher (S&B !3!& ' (rofessor of (h7siolo-7 ( !"*% !* & and Clinical 5edicine ( !!"% !* & at @ale 5edical School Henr7 (. Wri-ht (S&B !3!& ' (rofessor of ;atin ( !"3% *+*& Henr7 A. Beers (S&B !3*& ' (rofessor of 6n-lish ;iterature ( !!+% * 3& Bernadotte (errin (S&B !3*& ' (rofessor of Greek ( !*,% *+*& William ?neeland Townsend (S&B !" & ' (rofessor of ;aw at @ale ;aw School ( !! % *+"& Theodore S. Woolse7 (S&B !"4& ' (rofessor of Anternational ;aw ( !"!% * & William Bee<e (S&B !",& ' (rofessor of 5athematics ( !*"% * 3& Frank B. Tar<ell (S&B !",& ' (rofessor of Greek ( !!4% !!"& Henr7 Walcott Farnam (S&B !"/& ' (rofessor of (olitical 6conom7 ( !!+% * 4&1 (rofessor of 6conomics ( * 4% * !& 6dwards =enmore $o<<ins (S&B !"/& ' (rofessor of 5edical >uris8rudence ( !**% *+,& William Howard Taft (S&B !"!& ' ?ent (rofessor of ;aw ( * ,% *4 & 6dward T. 5c;au-hlin (S&B !!,& ' (rofessor of 6n-lish ( !*+% !*,& Gustav Gruener (S&B !!/& ' (rofessor of German ( !*"% *4/& Charlton 5. ;ewis (S&B !!3& ' 6mil7 Sanford (rofessor of 6n-lish ( !**% *4,& >ohn C. Schwa< (S&B !!3& ' (rofessor of (olitical 6conom7 ( !*!% *+:& $o<ert 9elson Corwin (S&B !!"& ' (rofessor of German ( !**% *,,& Arvin- Fisher (S&B !!!& ' (rofessor of (olitical 6conom7 ( !*!% *,:& Gifford (inchot (S&B !!*& ' (rofessor of Forestr7 ( *+,% *,3& Henr7 Hallam Tweed7 (S&B !* & ' (rofessor of (ractical Theolo-7 at @ale =ivinit7 School ( *+*% *,"& Clive =a7 (S&B !*4& ' (rofessor of 6conomic Histor7 ( *+"% *,3& >ames W. An-ersoll (S&B !*4& ' (rofessor of ;atin ( !*"% *4 & Henr7 B. Wri-ht (S&B !*!& ' (rofessor of Histor7 ( *+"% * & Frederick 6. (ierce (S&B *+/& ' (rofessor of 6n-lish ( * +% *,:& Geor-e =ahl (S&B *+!& ' (rofessor of He<rew ;an-ua-e and ;iterature at @ale =ivinit7 School ( * /% *4*& Charles Se7mour (S&B *+!& ' (rofessor of Histor7 ( * !% *,"& Stanho8e Ba7ne%>ones (S&B * +& ' (rofessor of Bacteriolo-7 at @ale School of 5edicine ( *,4% */"& $o<ert =. French (S&B * +& ' (rofessor of 6n-lish at @ale )niversit7 ( *,+% *:,& Arthur B. =arlin- (S&B * 3& ' (rofessor of Histor7 ( *4:% *,,&

Alfred $. Bellin-er (S&B * "& ' (rofessor of ;atin ( *,*% *:*& Frederick W. Hilles (S&B *44& ' (rofessor of 6n-lish ( */!% *3:& Charles Se7mour >r. (S&B *,:& ' (rofessor of Histor7 of Art ( */:% *""& >ohn $. Thom8son (S&B *,!& ' (rofessor of ;aw ( *,*%I& ;awrence ?. (ickett (S&B */ & ' (rofessor of Sur-er7 and (ediatrics at @ale School of 5edicine ( *3/% *!/& William =. 9ordhaus (S&B *3,& ' (rofessor of 6conomics ( *",%8resent& Other Colle-e (rofessorsB William Tha7er Smith (S&B !3+& ' (rofessor of (h7siolo-7 ( !!:% *+"& and (rofessor of Sur-er7 ( *+"% *+*& at =artmouth Colle-e Frederic S. =ennis (S&B !"4& ' (rofessor of Clinical Sur-er7 at Cornell )niversit7 ( !*!% * +& Frederick B. (erc7 (S&B !""& ' (rofessor of Clinical 5edicine at Boston )niversit7 5edical School ( *+*% * :& >ohn Se7mour Thacher (S&B !""& ' (rofessor of Clinical 5edicine at Colum<ia )niversit7 ( *+,% * !& Walter Belkna8 >ames (S&B !"*& ' (rofessor of Clinical 5edicine at Colum<ia )niversit7 ( *+*% * !& Ale0ander ;am<ert (S&B !!/& ' (rofessor of Clinical 5edicine at Cornell )niversit7 ( !*!% *, & Henr7 5c5ahon (ainter (S&B !!/& ' (rofessor of Clinical O<stetrics at Colum<ia )niversit7 ( *+:% *4+& >ohn $o-ers (S&B !!"& ' (rofessor of Clinical Sur-er7 at Cornell )niversit7 5edical Colle-e ( *+*% *43& William (hilli8s Graves (S&B !* & ' (rofessor of G7necolo-7 at Harvard 5edical School ( * % *,4&1 Sur-eon%in%chief of Free Hos8ital for Women# Brookline# 5assachusetts ( *+!% *,,&1 Sur-eon%in%chief of (arkwa7 Hos8ital in Boston# 5assachusetts ( *4 % *,,& Adrian van Sinderen ;am<ert (S&B !*,& ' (rofessor of Clinical Sur-er7 at Colum<ia )niversit7 ( * ,%I& ;an-don (arsons (S&B *4 & ' (rofessor of O<stetrics and G7necolo-7 at Boston )niversit7 School of 5edicine ( */*% *34& Charles A. >anewa7 (S&B *,+& ' (rofessor of (ediatrics at Harvard 5edical School ( */3%I& $ichard >. Cross (S&B *,"& ' (rofessor of 5edicine at $ut-ers 5edical School K$ut-ers )niversit7L ( *3:% *!:& Carnell Coo8er (S&B *""& ' Associate (rofessor of 5edicine at )niversit7 of 5ar7land School of 5edicine >ose8h 6merson (S&B !/ & ' (rofessor of Ancient ;an-ua-es at Beloit Colle-e ( !/!% !!!& 6van W. 6vans (S&B !: & ' (rofessor of 5athematics at Cornell )niversit7 ( !3!% !"4& William (reston >ohnston (S&B !:4& ' (rofessor of 6n-lish ;iterature at ;ouisiana State )niversit7 ( !!,% !!*& Andrew =. White (S&B !:,& ' (rofessor of Histor7 and 6n-lish ;iterature at the )niversit7 of 5ichi-an ( !:"% !3,& ;emuel S. (otwin (S&B !:/& ' (rofessor of ;atin ( !" % !*4& and 6n-lish ;iterature ( !*4% *+3& at Western $eserve )niversit7 Charles F. >ohnson (S&B !::& ' (rofessor of 6n-lish ;iterature at Trinit7 Colle-e ( !!/% *+3& Charles 5. T7ler (S&B !::& ' (rofessor of Histor7 at Cornell )niversit7 ( !* % *+,& 6li Whitne7 Blake (S&B !:"& ' (rofessor of (h7sics at Brown )niversit7 ( !"+% !*:& >ames (a7ne Green (S&B !:"& ' (rofessor of Greek at >efferson Colle-e ( !:"% !:*& 5oses Coit T7ler (S&B !:"& ' (rofessor of American Histor7 at Cornell )niversit7 ( !! % *++& >ose8h ;eonard =aniels (S&B !3+& ' (rofessor of Greek at Olivet Colle-e ( !3:% *+3& 6dward $owland Sill (S&B !3 & ' (rofessor of 6n-lish at the )niversit7 of California ( !"/% !!4& Henr7 (hel8s >ohnston (S&B !34& ' (rofessor of Histor7 at Cit7 Colle-e of 9ew @ork ( !!,% * 3& >ohn ;ouis 6well (S&B !3:& ' (rofessor of Church Histor7 and He<rew 60e-esis at Howard )niversit7 ( !* % * +& Bernadotte (errin (S&B !3*& ' (rofessor of Greek at Western $eserve )niversit7 ( !! % !*,& =wi-ht Whitne7 ;earned (S&B !"+& ' (rofessor of Chinese Histor7# Bi<lical Theolo-7# and Greek at =oshisha Colle-e in >a8an >ohn Howard Hincks (S&B !"4& ' (rofessor of Histor7 and Social Science at Atlanta )niversit7 ( !!*% !*/& Geor-e Foot 5oore (S&B !"4& ' (rofessor of the Histor7 of $eli-ion at Harvard )niversit7 ( *+/% *4!&1 (rofessor of the He<rew ;an-ua-e and ;iterature at Andover Theolo-ical Seminar7 ( !!,% *+ & 6dward T. Owen (S&B !"4& ' (rofessor of French at )niversit7 of Wisconsin ( !"*% * :& Her<ert 5c?enFie =enslow (S&B !",& ' (rofessor of (astoral Theolo-7 at General Theolo-ical Seminar7 ( *+4% *4"& Frank B. Tar<ell (S&B !",& ' (rofessor of Classical Archeolo-7 at )niversit7 of Chica-o ( !*/% * !& Alfred B. 9ichols (S&B !!+& ' (rofessor of German at Simmons Colle-e ( *+,% * & 6liakim H. 5oore (S&B !!,& ' (rofessor of 5athematics at )niversit7 of Chica-o ( !*4% *, & >ohn 9orton (omero7 (S&B !!"& ' (rofessor of ;aw at )niversit7 of Allinois ( * +% *4/& Amos A. Sta-- (S&B !!!& ' (rofessor of (h7sical Culture and Athletics at )niversit7 of Chica-o ( *++% *,,& Stanho8e Ba7ne%>ones (S&B * +& ' (rofessor of Bacteriolo-7 at )niversit7 of $ochester ( *4,% *,4& 6dwin A. Burtt (S&B * :& ' (rofessor of (hiloso8h7 at Cornell )niversit7 ( *, % *3+& Archi<ald 5ac;eish (S&B * :& ' Bo7lston (rofessor of $hetoric and Orator7 at Harvard )niversit7 ( */*% *34& Henr7 6lisha Allen (S&B *4/& ' (rofessor of $eli-ion at )niversit7 of 5innesota ( *: % *"+& ;7man B. S8itFer >r. (S&B *,:& ' Charles A. @oun- (rofessor of Astronom7 at (rinceton )niversit7 ( *:4% *!4& 5cGeor-e Bund7 (S&B */+& ' (rofessor of Government at Harvard )niv. ( *:/% *3 &1 (rofessor of Histor7 at 9ew @ork )niv. ( *"*% *!*& Me8h Stewart (S&B */,& ' former (rofessor of Humanities at Harvard )niversit7 Stanle7 5. >ohanson (S&B *::& ' (rofessor of ;aw at )niversit7 of Te0as in Austin $o<ert Francis Gie-en-ack >r. (S&B *3+& ' (rofessor of Geolo-7 at )niversit7 of (enns7lvania ( *!"%8resent& Howard F. Gillette >r. (S&B *3/& ' (rofessor of Histor7 at $ut-ers )niversit7 ( ***%8resent&1 Charles A. (ulaski >r. (S&B *3/& ' (rofessor of ;aw at )niversit7 of Aowa ( *"4% *!+&1 (rofessor of ;aw at AriFona State )niv. ( *!+% *!3& Thomas =. $owe >r. (S&B *3/& ' (rofessor of ;aw at =uke )niversit7 ( *"*%8resent& $o<ert $. Bir-e (S&B *3!& ' (rofessor of Chemistr7 at )niversit7 of Connecticut Brian C. 5urchison (S&B *"/& ' (rofessor of ;aw at Washin-ton and ;ee )niversit7 School of ;aw ( **+%8resent& 5a0well Chi<undu (S&B *!+& ' (rofessor of ;aw at )niversit7 of 5ar7land School of ;aw Moltan ;. HaCnal (S&B **+& ' Assistant (rofessor of (olitical Science at )niversit7 of California at San =ie-o Austan Gools<ee (S&B ** & ' $o<ert (. Gwinn (rofessor of 6conomics at )niversit7 of Chica-o Graduate School of Business (4++ %4++:& Catherine 5. Sharke7 (S&B **4& ' (rofessor of ;aw at 9ew @ork )niversit7 School of ;aw (4++"%8resent& 6liFa<eth A. Stanle7 (S&B **4& ' Assistant (rofessor of Government at Geor-etown )niversit7 Amani (err7 (S&B **/& ' Associate (rofessor of ;aw at $ut-ers )niversit7 School of ;aw >ames W. Williams (S&B *+!& ' mem<er of facult7 of @ale%in%China at Chan-sha# China ( * 3% *44&

(residents# Chancellors# and =eans of 5aCor )niversities Timoth7 =wi-ht (S&B !/*& ' (resident of @ale )niversit7 ( !!3% !**& Arthur Twinin- Hadle7 (S&B !"3& ' (resident of @ale )niversit7 ( !**% *4 & Charles Se7mour (S&B *+!& ' (resident of @ale )niversit7 ( *,"% *:+& Andrew =. White (S&B !:,& ' inau-ural (resident of Cornell )niversit7 ( !33% !!:& =aniel C. Gilman (S&B !:4& ' inau-ural (resident of >ohns Ho8kins )niversit7 ( !":% *+ &1 second (resident of )niversit7 of California at Berkele7 ( !"4% !":& William (reston >ohnston (S&B !:4& ' inau-ural (resident of Tulane )niversit7 ( !!/% !**&1 (resident of ;ouisiana State )niv. ( !!+% !!,& C7rus 9orthro8 (S&B !:"& ' second (resident of )niversit7 of 5innesota ( !!/% * & Carroll Cutler (S&B !:/& ' (resident of KCaseL Western $eserve )niversit7 ( !" % !!3& >. Jui-- 9ewton >r. (S&B *,,& ' (resident of )niversit7 of Colorado ( *:3% *3,& =avid ;. Boren (S&B *3,& ' (resident of )niversit7 of Oklahoma ( **/%8resent& Arthur Howe (S&B * 4& ' (resident of Ham8ton Anstitute Klater Ham8ton )niversit7# 2ir-iniaL ( *, % */+& Farwell ?na88 (S&B * 3& ' (resident of Hartford Colle-e ( *,!% */4&1 =ean of Hartford Colle-e of ;aw ( *,4% *,,& $eu<en A. Holden (S&B */+& ' (resident of Warren Wilson Colle-e K9orth CarolinaL ( *" % *!3& Samuel H. ;ee (S&B !:!& ' (resident of American Anternational Colle-e ( !*,% *+!& >ose8h ;eonard =aniels (S&B !3+& ' Actin- (resident of Olivet Colle-e ( !*4% !*,# *+,% *+/& =avid B. (err7 (S&B !3,& ' (resident of =ouana Colle-e ( !! % * 4& William =eWitt Ale0ander (S&B !::& ' (resident of Oahu Colle-e in Hawaii ( !3/% !" & >ames Gore ?in- 5cClure (S&B !"+& ' (resident of ;ake Forest )niversit7 ( !*"% *+ &1 (resident of 5cCormick Theolo-ical Seminar7 ( *+:% *4!& Henr7 Sloane Coffin (S&B !*"& ' (resident of )nion Theolo-ical Seminar7 ( *43% */:& Harr7 ;. $eed (S&B !!*& ' (resident of Au<urn Theolo-ical Seminar7 ( *43% *,*& Franklin W. Fisk (S&B !/*& ' (resident of Chica-o Theolo-ical Seminar7 ( !!"% *++& >ose8h Gi<son Ho7t (S&B !/+& ' Chancellor of Washin-ton )niversit7 in St. ;ouis ( !:!% !34& William Chauvenet (S&B !/+& ' Chancellor of Washin-ton )niversit7 in St. ;ouis ( !34% !3*& >ames O. (utnam (S&B !,*& ' Chancellor of )niversit7 of Buffalo ( !*:% *+4& Wilson Shannon Bissell (S&B !3*& ' Chancellor of )niversit7 of Buffalo ( *+4% *+,& Charles >anewa7 Stille (S&B !,*& ' (rovost of )niversit7 of (enns7lvania ( !3!% !!+& $. ?eith Walton (S&B *!3& ' 60ecutive 2ice (resident and Secretar7 of Colum<ia )niversit7 ( **3%4++"& Henr7 Hitchcock (S&B !/!& ' =ean of the St. ;ouis ;aw School at Washin-ton )niversit7 in St. ;ouis ( !3"% !"+# !"!% !! & Francis 5. Finch (S&B !/*& ' =ean of Cornell ;aw School ( !* % *+,& William Tha7er Smith (S&B !3+& ' =ean of =artmouth 5edical School ( !*3% *+*& William W. Seel7 (S&B !34& ' =ean of the 5edical Facult7 at )niversit7 of Cincinnati ( !! % *++& William Henr7 Welch (S&B !"+& ' =ean of the 5edical Facult7 at >ohns Ho8kins )niversit7 ( !*,% !*!& >ohn Howard Hincks (S&B !"4& ' =ean of the Facult7 at Atlanta )niversit7 ( !!*% !*/& Frederick S. >ones (S&B !!/& ' =ean of Colle-e of 6n-ineerin- at )niversit7 of 5innesota ( *+4% *+*& 5cGeor-e Bund7 (S&B */+& ' =ean of the Facult7 of Arts and Science at Harvard )niversit7 ( *:,% *3 & William ;ee Cushin- (S&B !"4& ' Headmaster of Westminster School ( !!!% *4+& Horace =utton Taft (S&B !!,& ' Headmaster of The Taft School ( !*+% *,3& Sherman =a7 Thacher (S&B !!,& ' Founder and Headmaster of Thacher School in OCai# California Frank =avis Ash<urn (S&B *4:& ' former Headmaster of Brooks School (in 9orth Andover# 5assachusetts& 5em<ers of the ;ocal and State Boards of 6ducation Al8honso Taft (S&B !,,& ' 5em<er of the Cincinnati Board of 6ducation Thomas Anthon7 Thacher (S&B !,:& ' 5em<er of the Connecticut State Board of 6ducation ( !3:% !""& Henr7 Williams (S&B !,"& ' former mem<er of Savannah Board of 6ducation >ose8h Bur<een Walker (S&B !//& ' 5em<er of the Board of 6ducation of Concord# 9ew Ham8shire ( !:*% !"+& =aniel C. Gilman (S&B !:4& ' Secretar7 of Connecticut State Board of 6ducation ( !3:% !33& >ames ;. Whitne7 (S&B !:3& ' Chairman of the School Board of Concord# 5assachusetts ( !"*% !!"& Storrs O. Se7mour (S&B !:"& ' 5em<er of Connecticut State Board of 6ducation ( !!+% !!/& Frederick 9ewton >udson (S&B !33& ' (resident of the Board of 6ducation in St. ;ouis# 5issouri ( !!+% !!4# !!"% !!*& Frederick Collin (S&B !" & ' (resident of the Board of 6ducation of 6lmira# 9ew @ork ( !!*% !*/# !**% * +& Charles =aniel Hine (S&B !" & ' Secretar7# Connecticut State Bd. of 6ducation ( !!,% *4+&1 Su8t. of Schools# Sa-inaw# 5ich. ( !" % !"/& 6dwin F. Sweet (S&B !" & ' 5em<er of the Board of 6ducation in Grand $a8ids# 5ichi-an ( !**% *+3# *4,% *43& 6dwards =enmore $o<<ins (S&B !"/& ' 5em<er of Connecticut State Board of 6ducation ( !!/% * *& Otto T. Bannard (S&B !"3& ' 5em<er of 9ew @ork KCit7L Board of 6ducation ( !*"% !*!& Chester 5itchell =awes (S&B !"3& ' 5em<er of Chica-o Board of 6ducation ( !**% *+4# *+"% *+*& Gustav Gruener (S&B !!/& ' 5em<er of 9ew Haven Board of 6ducation ( * :% * "& Frederick S. >ones (S&B !!/& ' Chairman of the Connecticut State Board of 6ducation ( * *% *,:& (erc7 Hamilton Stewart (S&B !*+& ' 5em<er of 9ew >erse7 State Board of 6ducation ( * *% *4 & Howell Chene7 (S&B !*4& ' 5em<er of Connecticut State Board of 6ducation ( *+*% * *& Francis (arsons (S&B !*,& ' 5em<er of the Hartford Board of 6ducation in Hartford# Connecticut ( *+"% *+!# *4 % *4/& $al8h =. (aine (S&B !*/& ' 5em<er of 9ew Ham8shire State Board of 6ducation ( * *% *4 & Cornelius (orter ?itchel (S&B !*"& ' (resident of the Board of 6ducation in 6n-lewood# 9ew >erse7 ( *44% *4*& Graham Sumner (S&B !*"& ' (resident of the Board of 6ducation in 6n-lewood# 9ew >erse7 ( * /% * !& Graham Stanle7 Finne7 (S&B *:4& ' =e8ut7 Su8erintendent of Schools in (hiladel8hia ( *3"% *3*& Thomas Ale0ander DTomE Boas<er- (S&B *!3& ' Su8erintendent of =enver (u<lic Schools (4++*%8resent&

Skull and Bones Or-aniFation 60ecutives


Arvin- Fisher (S&B !!!& ' Founder and inau-ural (resident of American 6u-enics Societ7 ( *4,% *43& Amos (inchot (S&B !*"& ' Co%Founder of the American Civil ;i<erties )nion (AC;)& Francis 6u-ene Butler (S&B !:"& ' Co%founder of the @oun- 5enGs Christian Association (@5CA& William H. =onaldson (S&B *:,& ' Chairman of Carne-ie 6ndowment for Anternational (eace ( ***%4++,&1 former Trustee of Ford Foundation Harve7 H. Bund7 (S&B *+*& ' Chairman of Carne-ie 6ndowment for Anternational (eace ( *:4% *:!&1 (resident of World (eace Foundation ( */3%I&1 Trustee of World (eace Foundation ( *,/% *3,& Andrew =. White (S&B !:,& ' Trustee of Carne-ie 6ndowment for Anternational (eace ( * +% * !&1 (resident of American Historical Association ( !!/& Anson (hel8s Stokes (S&B !*3& ' Trustee of the $ockefeller Foundation ( *4!% *,4& $o<ert A. ;ovett (S&B * !& ' Trustee of the $ockefeller Foundation ( */*%>une ,+# *3 & Charles Se7mour (S&B *+!& ' Trustee of World (eace Foundation ( *,*% */:& 5cGeor-e Bund7 (S&B */+& ' (resident of Ford Foundation ( *33% *"*& Harold Howe AA (S&B */+& ' 2ice (resident of Ford Foundation ( *" % *! & =aniel Coit Gilman (S&B !:4& ' (resident of Carne-ie Anstitution of Washin-ton ( *+4% *+:&1 (resident of the 9ational Civil Service $eform ;ea-ue ( *+ % *+"& 5orris Hadle7 (S&B * 3& ' Chairman of Carne-ie Cor8oration of 9ew @ork ( *::% *33& 5orehead (atterson (S&B *4+& ' Chairman of The Brookin-s Anstitution ( *:*% *34& Winston ;ord (S&B *:*& ' (resident of the Council on Forei-n $elations ( *""% *!:& Gifford (inchot (S&B !!*& ' (resident of 9ational Conservation Association ( * +% *4:& Henr7 Hitchcock (S&B !/!& ' (resident of American Bar Association ( !!*& Simeon 6. Baldwin (S&B !3 & ' (resident of American Bar Association ( !*+&1 (resident of American Historical Association ( *+3& William H. Welch (S&B !"+& ' (resident of American 5edical Association ( * +&1 (resident of the <oard of directors of $ockefeller Anstitute for 5edical $esearch ( *+ % *,/& 6. $oland Harriman (S&B * "& ' (resident of American $ed Cross ( *:+% *:,&1 Chairman of American $ed Cross ( *:/% *",& William Howard Taft (S&B !"!& ' (resident of American $ed Cross ( *+3% * ,&1 Chairman of American $ed Cross ( * :% * *&1 (resident of the 6n-lish%S8eakin- )nion of the )nited States ( *4 % *,+&1 (resident of American Bar Association ( * ,& $o<ert W. ?a-an (S&B *!+& ' Co%Founder of the (roCect for the 9ew American Centur7 ((9AC& Al<ert =eSilver (S&B * +& ' director of the American Civil ;i<erties )nion (AC;)& W. Averell Harriman (S&B * ,& ' =irector of the Council on Forei-n $elations ( *:+% *::& Charles 5. S8offord (S&B *4/& ' =irector of the Council on Forei-n $elations ( *::% *"4& Geor-e H. W. Bush (S&B */!& ' =irector of the Council on Forei-n $elations ( *""% *"*&1 Chairman of the $e8u<lican 9ational Committee ( *",% *"/& William (. Bund7 (S&B *,*& ' 6ditor of Forei"n (ffairs ma-aFine ( *"4% *!/&1 =irector of the Council on Forei-n $elations ( *3/% *"/&1 Honorar7 Bilder<er- 5eetin- Secretar7 General for the )nited States ( *""% *!+& Frederick W. Smith (S&B *33& ' =irector of the Council on Forei-n $elations (4++*%8resent& >. Jui-- 9ewton >r. (S&B *,,& ' (resident of The Commonwealth Fund ( *3,% *":& Charles A. >anewa7 (S&B *,+& ' (resident of Aran Foundation ( *:!% *3:& ;inden S. Blue (S&B *:!& ' Trustee of Hudson Anstitute (as of 4++3& Frederick W. Smith (S&B *33& ' =irector of Cato Anstitute Arvin- Fisher (S&B !!!& ' (resident of American 6conomic Association ( * !& Henr7 Walcott Farnam (S&B !"/& ' (resident of American 6conomic Association ( * & F. Tru<ee =avison (S&B * !& ' (resident of the American 5useum of 9atural Histor7 ( *,,% *: & Samuel >ames 6lder (S&B !",& ' former (resident of Boston Bar Association >ohn Care7 (S&B */:W& ' 2ice (resident of American Societ7 for Anternational law ( *!"% *!!& Samuel $. Bertron (S&B !!:& ' former Chairman and =irector of The American%$ussian Cham<er of Commerce (c. *4 & Arthur $. ?im<all (S&B !""& ' former (resident of Connecticut Cham<er of Commerce >ames Gore ?in- 5cClure >r. (S&B *+3& ' former (resident of American Forestr7 Association ;7man B. S8itFer >r. (S&B *,:& ' (resident of American Astronomical Societ7 ( *3+% *34& Charles =. Hilles >r. (S&B *4/& ' Secretar7 of American Cancer Societ7 >ohn 2. Wertheim (S&B **+& ' Chairman of the =emocratic (art7 of 9ew 5e0ico1 ).S. House of $e8resentatives candidate in **3 (rescott S. Bush (S&B * "& ' (resident of ).S. Golf Association ( *,:& $ichard ;. Ti-he (S&B *4,& ' =irector of Forei-n (olic7 Association ( *,/% *,!& William 5. 6varts (S&B !,"& ' (resident of the 9ew @ork Cit7 Bar Association ( !"+% !"*& Henr7 Waters Taft (S&B !!+& ' (resident of the 9ew @ork Cit7 Bar Association ( *4,% *4:& Thomas =. Thacher (S&B *+/& ' (resident of the 9ew @ork Cit7 Bar Association ( *,,% *,:& Henr7 ;. Stimson (S&B !!!& ' (resident of the 9ew @ork Cit7 Bar Association ( *,"% *,*& Allen T. ?lots (S&B *+*& ' (resident of the 9ew @ork Cit7 Bar Association ( *:/% *:3& Geor-e =eForest ;ord (S&B !:/& ' Chairman of the 9ew @ork Cit7 Bar Association ( !!!% !!*& Henr7 =eForest Baldwin (S&B !!:& ' Chairman of the 9ew @ork Cit7 Bar Association ( * :% * 3& William 6. >ackson (S&B */ & ' Secretar7 of the 9ew @ork Cit7 Bar Association ( *:,% *::& Harold H. Heal7 >r. (S&B */,& ' Secretar7 of the 9ew @ork Cit7 Bar Association ( *:*% *3 & $eu<en A. Holden (S&B */+& ' (resident of @ale%in%China Association ( *33% *"4& =avid C. Acheson (S&B */,& ' (resident of the Atlantic Council of the )nited States ( **,% ***&

Skull and Bones Church ;eaders


Thomas F. =avies (S&B !:,& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of 5ichi-an ( !!*% *+:& Charles F. $o<ertson (S&B !:*& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of 5issouri ( !3!% !!3& Chaunce7 B. Brewster (S&B !3!& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of Connecticut ( !**% *4!& Sidne7 C. (artrid-e (S&B !!+& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of Western 5issouri ( * % *,+& BenCamin Brewster (S&B !!4& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of 5aine ( * 3% */ & Thomas F. =avies (S&B !*/& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of Western 5assachusetts ( * % *,3& Henr7 W. Ho<son (S&B * /& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of Southern Ohio ( *, % *:*& Anson (hel8s Stokes >r. (S&B *4"& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of 5assachusetts ( *:3% *"+& >ose8h (arrish Thom8son (S&B !,!& ' (astor of the Broadwa7 Ta<ernacle in 9ew @ork Cit7 ( !/:% !" & >ose8h Au-ustine Benton (S&B !/4& ' (astor of (l7mouth Con-re-ational Church in San Francisco ( !3,% !3*& William Sidne7 Hu--ins (S&B !/4& ' (astor of the (res<7terian Church in ?alamaFoo# 5ichi-an ( !:/% !34& =aniel William Havens (S&B !/,& ' (astor of the First (Con-re-ational& Church in 6ast Haven# Connecticut ( !/"% !""& >ohn Wheeler Hardin- (S&B !/:& ' (astor of the First Con-re-ational Church in ;on-meadow# 5assachusetts ( !:+% !* & >ose8h Willes Backus (S&B !/3& ' (astor of the >ohn Street Church in ;owell# 5assachusetts ( !34% !33& William 6ves 5oore (S&B !/"& ' (astor of the Second (res<7terian Church of Colum<us# Ohio ( !"4% !*/& Frederick $. A<<e (S&B !/!& ' (astor of First Con-re-ational Church in A<in-ton# 5assachusetts ( !:"% !"+& William Barker Clarke (S&B !/*& ' (astor of the Con-re-ational Church in 9orth Cornwall# Connecticut ( !::% !:*& 6dward =. 5orris (S&B !/*& ' (astor of the Second (res<7terian Church of Colum<us# Ohio ( !::% !3"& 6dward Warren Bentle7 (S&B !:+& ' (astor of the $eformed (=utch& Church in 6llenville# )lster Count7# 9ew @ork ( !:/% !!4& Willis Stron- Colton (S&B !:+& ' (astor of the First Con-re-ational Church in Wethersfield# Connecticut ( !:3% !33& >ames Gardiner 2ose (S&B !: & ' (astor of the Beneficent Church in (rovidence# $hode Asland ( !33% *+ & Al<ert Bi-elow (S&B !:4& ' (astor of the (res<7terian Church in Silver Creek# ChautauNua Count7# 9ew @ork ( !3:% !"+& >oshua Coit (S&B !:,& ' (astor of ;awrence St. Church in ;awrence# 5assachusetts ( !",% !!,& William Henr7 Fenn (S&B !:/& ' (astor of Hi-h Street Con-re-ational Church of (ortland# 5aine ( !33% *+/& >ames ?ittred-e ;om<ard (S&B !:/& ' $ector of St. (aulGs Church at Fairfield# Connecticut ( !",% !!!& Ale0ander S. Twom<l7 (S&B !:/& ' (astor of Winthro8 (Con-re-ational& Church in Boston ( !"4% !* & Henr7 9itchie Co<< (S&B !::& ' (astor of the $eformed Church of 5ill<rook# 9ew @ork ( !33% !! & ;evi ;eonard (aine (S&B !:3& ' (astor of the Con-re-ational Church in Farmin-ton# Connecticut ( !3 % !"+& Storrs O. Se7mour (S&B !:"& ' $ector of St. 5ichaelGs Church at ;itchfield# Connecticut ( !"*% !!,# !*,% * :& 6d-ar ;ain- Heermance (S&B !:!& ' (astor of the (res<7terian Church in White (lains# 9ew @ork ( !"/% !!!& William ?ittred-e Hall (S&B !:*& ' (astor of the First (res<7terian Church of 9ew<ur-h# 9ew @ork ( !",% *+3& Asher Henr7 Wilco0 (S&B !:*& ' (astor of the Con-re-ational Church at (lainfield# Connecticut ( !"3% !!4& 6dward Brown Fur<ish (S&B !3+& ' (astor of the First Con-re-ational Church at S8encer8ort# 9ew @ork ( !*+% *+4& William 6dwards (ark (S&B !3 & ' (astor of the Con-re-ational Church in Gloversville# 9ew @ork ( !"3% *+/& Cornelius ;add ?itchel (S&B !34& ' (astor of Con-re-ational Church at Salis<ur7# Connecticut ( !""% !!,& Henr7 Hamlin Ste<<ins (S&B !34& ' (astor of the Central (res<7terian Church at $ochester# 9ew @ork ( !!"% *+ & >ohn (hel8s Ta7lor (S&B !34& ' (astor of the Second Con-re-ational Church at 9ew ;ondon# Connecticut ( !"!% !!,& 6-ert B. Bin-ham (S&B !3,& ' (astor of First Con-re-ational Church in $ockville# Connecticut ( !" % !"!& ;eander T. Cham<erlain (S&B !3,& ' (astor of Classon Avenue (res<7tenan Church Brookl7n# 9ew @ork ( !!,% !*+& Alanson =ou-las 5iller (S&B !3/& ' $ector of Grace Church in 9ew Haven# Connecticut ( !!*% !*3& Taliaferro Franklin Caske7 (S&B !3:& ' $ector of the American Church of St. >ohn in =resden# German7 ( !!4% *++& Henr7 Al<ert Stimson (S&B !3:& ' (astor of 5anhattan Church in 9ew @ork Cit7 ( !*3% * "&1 (astor of the Broadwa7 Ta<ernacle in 9ew @ork Cit7 ( !*,% !*3& >ames Brand (S&B !33& ' (astor of First (Con-re-ational& Church in O<erlin# Ohio ( !",% !**& 6dward @oun- Hincks (S&B !33& ' (astor of State Street Church in (ortland# 5aine ( !"+% !! & ;ewis ;am8man (S&B !33& ' (astor of the Hi-h Street (res<7terian Church of 9ewark# 9ew >erse7 ( !!!% *+3& Charles 5. South-ate (S&B !33& ' (astor of (il-rim Church at Worcester# 5assachusetts ( !!:% !*:& 5orton =e0ter (S&B !3"& ' (astor of the )nion Con-re-ational Church in Taunton# 5assachusetts ( !",% !"!& Al<ert 6liCah =unnin- (S&B !3"& ' (astor of Hi-hland Con-re-ational Church at $o0<ur7# 5assachusetts ( !"+% !! & >ames Fiske 5erriam (S&B !3"& ' (astor of the Con-re-ational Church at Farmin-ton# Connecticut ( !" % !",& Anson (hel8s Tinker (S&B !3!& ' (astor of the Hi-h Street Con-re-ational Church in Au<urn# 5aine ( !",% !!4& Arthur Shirle7 (S&B !3*& ' (astor of Old ;7me (Connecticut& Con-re-ational Church ( !*+% !*"& Charles H. Stron- (S&B !"+& ' former $ector of Grace Church in Brookl7n1 former $ector of St. >ohnGs Church in Savannah# Geor-ia >ohn Howard Hincks (S&B !"4& ' (astor of the Bethan7 Con-re-ational Church in 5ont8elier# 2ermont ( !""% !!!& Ale0ander $oss 5erriam (S&B !"4& ' (astor of First Con-re-ational Church in Grand $a8ids# 5ichi-an ( !!/% !* & Arthur Huntin-ton Allen (S&B !",& ' (astor of the Woodside (res<7terian Church in Tro7# 9ew @ork ( !!:% *+ & Her<ert W. ;athe (S&B !",& ' (astor of First Church at 9orthham8ton# 5assachusetts ( !!4% !* & Samuel C. Bushnell (S&B !"/& ' (astor of Orthodo0 Church ((leasant Street Con-re-ational& in Arlin-ton# 5assachusetts ( !*+% *4+& Charles Francis Carter (S&B !"!& ' (astor of Ammanuel Con-re-ational Church in Hartford# Connecticut ( * /% *4"& Geor-e ;ouis Curtis (S&B !"!& ' (astor of the First (res<7terian Church of Bloomfield# 9ew >erse7 ( *++% * "& =oremus Scudder (S&B !!+& ' (astor of Tok7o )nion Church ( * 3% * *&1 5inister of Central )nion Church in Honolulu ( *+"% * 3& >ose8h =. Burrell (S&B !! & ' (astor of Classon Avenue Church in Brookl7n K9ew @ork Cit7L ( !*4% * *& Her<ert Wetmore Wells (S&B !!*& ' 5inister of St. AndrewPs Church in Wilmin-ton# =elaware ( *++% * ,& Her<ert =ra8er Gallaudet (S&B !*!& ' 5inister of First Con-re-ational Church in Water<ur7# Connecticut ( * *% *4!& Alan 5c;ean Ta7lor (S&B *+4& ' $ector of the Church of the Hol7 S8irit# 5atta8an in Boston ( *+!% *,+& Arthur Howe Bradford (S&B *+:& ' (astor of Central Con-re-ational Church at (rovidence# $hode Asland ( * !% *:4&

Skull and Bones and the American Civil War ( !3 % !3:&


$e<el (Confederate& Bonesmen $ichard Ta7lor (S&B !/:& ' ;ieutenant General in the Confederate Arm71 Commander of the =e8artment of Ala<ama# 5ississi88i# and 6ast ;ouisiana ( !3/% !3:&1 Commander of the KConfederateL Arm7 of Tennessee ( !3:&1 Surrendered to the )nion Arm7 near 5o<ile# Ala<ama on 5a7 /# !3:1 son of former ).S. (resident Machar7 Ta7lor1 Confederate (resident >efferson =avisGs <rother%in%law Henr7 $ootes >ackson (S&B !,*& ' 5aCor General in the Confederate Arm71 dele-ate to the =emocratic (residential Convention at Charleston# South Carolina in !3+1 served as a 8risoner%of%war after surrenderin- to the )nion Arm7 at the Battle of 9ashville in =ecem<er !3/ William (reston >ohnston (S&B !:4& ' Colonel in the Confederate Arm71 >efferson =avisGs aide%de%cam81 ca8tured <7 the )nion Arm7 alon- with >efferson =avis in Arwinsville# Geor-ia on 5a7 +# !3:1 served as a 8all<earer at Gen. $o<ert 6. ;eeGs funeral1 (resident of Tulane )niversit7 ( !!/% !**&1 son of Confederate Bri-adier General Al<ert Sidne7 >ohnston# former Secretar7 of War of the $e8u<lic of Te0as >ohn (erkins >r. (S&B !/+& ' 5em<er of the Confederate House of $e8resentatives for ;ouisiana KSecond Con-ressL ( !3/% !3:&1 =ele-ate to the Confederate (rovisional Con-ress in 5ont-omer7# Ala<ama ( !3 % !34& William T.S. Barr7 (S&B !/ & ' Chairman of the 5ississi88i Secession Convention in !3 1 =ele-ate to the Confederate (rovisional Con-ress ( !3 % !34&1 Si-ner of the Confederate Constitution1 Colonel in command of the ,:th 5ississi88i Anfantr71 ca8tured at 5o<ile# Ala<ama on A8ril 4# !3: Burton 9orvell Harrison (S&B !:*& ' (rivate Secretar7 to Confederate (resident >efferson =avis1 ca8tured <7 the )nion Arm7 alonwith >efferson =avis in Arwinsville# Geor-ia on 5a7 +# !3:1 father of former ).S. Con-ressman Francis Burton Harrison (S&B !*:& Hu-h White Sheffe7 (S&B !,:& ' S8eaker of the 2ir-inia House of =ele-ates ( !3 % !3:& William Frierson Coo8er (S&B !,!& ' >ustice of Su8reme Court of Tennessee ( !3 % !34# !"!% !!3& Thomas ;. Ba7ne (S&B !/"& ' Colonel1 Chief of the Bureau of Forei-n Su88lies in the Confederate War =e8artment1 married to 5ar7 Ga7le# the dau-hter of former Governor of Ala<ama >ohn Ga7le Thomas 5c?inne7 >ack (S&B !:,& ' Colonel1 AdCutant General of the =e8artment of Te0as# Confederate Arm7 ( !3/% !3:&1 Aide%de% cam8 to Confederate Bri-adier General Al<ert Sidne7 >ohnston until Gen. >ohnstonGs death at Battle of Shiloh1 son of William H. >ack# former Secretar7 of State of the $e8u<lic of Te0as 2incent 5armaduke (S&B !:4& ' Colonel# Confederate Arm71 son of former Governor of 5issouri 5eredith 5iles 5armaduke Ale0ander (orter $oot (S&B !3 & ' 5aCor1 Assistant AdCutant%General on the staff of Confederate Bri-adier General Thomas =ra7ton >ames 9. Brickell (S&B !/:& ' First ;ieutenant# Ordnance Officer for the Confederate Arm7 in ;ouisiana William Feli0 Ale0ander (S&B !: & ' Assistant to Confederate Gen. A.$. ;awton# the Juartermaster%General of the Confederate Arm7 Henr7 Williams (S&B !,"& ' ;ieutenant of the Arish 2olunteers from Savannah# Geor-ia (Confederate Arm7& 6dwin Ale0ander Anderson (S&B !,:& ' Sur-eon# Confederate Arm7 Stuart Wilkins Fisk (S&B !/+& ' Colonel# Anfantr7# Confederate Arm7 Henr7 Hunter $a7mond (S&B !/ & ' 5aCor# Confederate Arm71 law7er in Charleston# South Carolina William Gre7 Woolfolk (S&B !/ & ' served in the Confederate Arm7 William =avison Henen (S&B !/4& ' 5aCor# Confederate Arm7 Charles 9icholas Gachet (S&B !/,& ' served in the Confederate Arm7 >ohn Henr7 Felder (S&B !//& ' st ;ieutenant# Anfantr7# Confederate Arm71 5em<er of South Carolina State ;e-islature ( !:4% !3 & >ose8h ;ovell (S&B !//& ' First ;ieutenant# Aide%de%Cam8 ;emuel (arker Conner (S&B !/:& ' 5aCor# Confederate Arm7 William Gustine Conner (S&B !/:& ' 5aCor# Confederate Arm71 killed in action at the Battle of Gett7s<ur- on >ul7 ,# !3, Orrick 5etcalfe (S&B !/:& ' Sur-eon# Confederate Arm7 >ohn =onnell Smith (S&B !/"& ' Ca8tain# Confederate Arm7 Henr7 ;aurens 5etcalfe (S&B !/*& ' served in the Confederate Arm7 Walker $ichardson (S&B !/*& ' served in the Confederate Arm7 Henr7 =eWitt Beman (S&B !: & ' served in the Confederate Arm7 Andrew >ackson S8rin- (S&B !::& ' Ser-eant 5aCor# Confederate Arm7 Arthur =ickinson (S&B !:3& ' Commissar7 =e8artment# Confederate Arm7 >ames (a7ne Green (S&B !:"& ' ;ieutenant# Cavalr7# Confederate Arm7 Geor-e Boardman 5ac;ellan (S&B !:!& ' Assistant 6n-ineer# Confederate Arm7

Federal ()nion& Bonesmen William 5. 6varts (S&B !,"& ' S8ecial =i8lomatic 6nvo7 to Great Britain and France under (resident A<raham ;incoln Green Cla7 (S&B !:*& ' Secretar7 of the ).S. ;e-ation at St. (eters<ur-# $ussia ( !3 &1 Secretar7 of the ).S. ;e-ation at Turin and Florence ( !34% !3!&1 Colonel# )nion Arm71 son of former ).S. Con-ressman Brutus >unius Cla7 Constantine C. 6st7 (S&B !/:& ' Assessor of Anternal $evenue ( !34% !331 !3"% !"4& Henr7 Cham8ion =emin- (S&B !,3& ' (rovisional 5a7or of 9ew Orleans under )nion 5artial ;aw (Octo<er !34%Fe<ruar7 !3,& William Huntin-ton $ussell (S&B !,,& ' 5aCor%General in the 5ilitia of the State of Connecticut ( !34% !"+& Orris Sanford Ferr7 (S&B !//& ' Bri-adier General in the )nited States 2olunteers ( !34% !3:& >ose8h Cooke >ackson (S&B !:"& ' <revetted Bri-adier General in the 3th 9ew >erse7 2olunteers >ohn Thomas Cro0ton (S&B !:"& ' 5aCor General# )nion Arm71 Commander of 5ilitar7 =istrict of Southwest Geor-ia at 5acon# Ga. ( !3:& William Seward (ierson (S&B !,3& ' <revetted Bri-adier General# )nion Arm71 selected as 5a7or of Sandusk7# Ohio in !3 Thomas 5arshall ?e7 (S&B !,!& ' Colonel1 >ud-e Advocate on the staff of )nion Arm7 Gen. Geor-e B. 5cClellan Thaddeus Foote (S&B !//& ' Colonel in +th 5ichi-an Cavalr7 Henr7 5cCormick (S&B !:4& ' Colonel in the First $e-iment of (enns7lvania 5ilitia $ufus Cowles Cram8ton (S&B !: & ' ;ieutenant Colonel of the /:th Allinois 2olunteers 6dward (a7son 9ettleton (S&B !:3& ' ;ieutenant Colonel in , st 5assachusetts Anfantr71 <revetted Colonel Henr7 Hitchcock (S&B !/!& ' <revetted ;ieutenant Colonel1 Assistant AdCutant General# ).S. 2olunteers1 Served as >ud-e Advocate on the 8ersonal staff of )nion Arm7 General William T. Sherman1 son of Henr7 H. Hitchcock# former Chief >ustice of the Su8reme Court of Ala<ama =aniel Henr7 Cham<erlain (S&B !34& ' Ca8tain in :th 5assachusetts Colored Anfantr7 ( !3/% !3:& Henr7 2arnum Freeman (S&B !3*& ' Ca8tain in 4th ).S. Colored Anfantr7 ( !3,% !3:& 9ewton S8auldin- 5anross (S&B !:+& ' Ca8tain in 3th $e-iment of Connecticut 2olunteers1 died at Battle of Antietam on Se8t. "# !34 Thomas Hed-e (S&B !3"& ' Second ;ieutenant in Com8an7 G# +3th $e-iment of 9ew @ork 2olunteer Anfantr7 ( !3/% !3:& ;eonard 6u-ene Wales (S&B !/:& ' Second ;ieutenant in First =elaware 2olunteers in !3 6dward Foster Blake (S&B !:!& ' AdCutant in the :th $e-iment of Connecticut 2olunteers1 killed in action in 2ir-inia on Au-ust *# !34 =iodate Cushman Hannahs (S&B !:*& ' Ca8tain in the 3th 9ew @ork Cavalr71 killed in action in 2ir-inia on Se8tem<er +# !34 =aniel He<ard (S&B !3+& ' Assistant AdCutant%General of 2olunteers Kof OhioL1 died on Au-ust "# !34 Geor-e Coit $i8le7 (S&B !34& ' st ;ieutenant1 Tenth Connecticut $e-iment# Com8an7 A1 Aide%de%cam8 to Gen. Orris S. Ferr7 (S&B !//& in !3: Charles 5iller Bliss (S&B !:4& ' 4nd ;ieutenant1 Second 2ermont Anfantr7 durin- the Civil War Samuel Henshaw Bates (S&B !,,& ' served as a 8rivate in the 4/th $e-iment of 5assachusetts 2olunteers durin- Civil War William Baldwin $oss (S&B !:4& ' mem<er of the Seventh $e-iment 9ew @ork State Guard durin- the Civil War >aco< Coo8er (S&B !:4& ' Cha8lain of the Third ?entuck7 $e-iment# ).S. 2olunteers Charles 5ellen T7ler (S&B !::& ' Cha8lain of the 44nd 5assachusetts Anfantr7 Francis 6u-ene Butler (S&B !:"& ' Cha8lain of the 4:th $e-iment of 9ew >erse7 2olunteers1 died at Suffolk# 2ir-inia on 5a7 /# !3, William ?ittred-e Hall (S&B !:*& ' Cha8lain of the "th Connecticut Anfantr7 6dward Brown Fur<ish (S&B !3+& ' Cha8lain of the 4:th 5aine 2olunteers William Curtis >ohnston (S&B !3+& ' Cha8lain of the ,th ).S. ?entuck7 2olunteers1 died of 8neumonia in ?entuck7 on =ecem<er ,# !34 >ohn Walcott Wetherell (S&B !//& ' Colonel# )nion Arm7 >ohn Coon (S&B !/"& ' (a7master in the Arm7 of the Cum<erland ()nion Arm7& ( !3 % !3:& William 6ves 5oore (S&B !/"& ' 4nd ;ieutenant# )nion Arm7 Henr7 5art7n =echert (S&B !:+& ' st ;ieutenant# Anfantr7# )nion Arm7 9athaniel Willis Bumstead (S&B !::& ' Ca8tain# Anfantr7# )nion Arm7 William Wheeler (S&B !::& ' Ca8tain# )nion Arm7 Stanle7 Woodward (S&B !::& ' Ca8tain# )nion Arm7 >ohn 5ason Brown (S&B !:3& ' Cavalr7# )nion Arm7 Thomas Al<ert (erkins (S&B !:!& ' Ser-eant# )nion Arm7 6<en Greenou-h Scott (S&B !:!& ' st ;ieutenant# )nion Arm7 William Fowler (S&B !3+& ' Ca8tain# Anfantr7# )nion Arm7 ;uther 5a7nard >ones (S&B !3+& ' served in the )nion Arm7 Charles Hunter Owen (S&B !3+& ' Ca8tain# Heav7 Artiller7# )nion Arm7 Hu<ert Sanford Brown (S&B !3 & ' ;ieutenant Colonel# )nion Arm7 $o<ert ;inton Cham<erlain (S&B !3 & ' (rivate# Anfantr7# )nion Arm7 $al8h Omsted Williams (S&B !3 & ' served in the )nion Arm7 Sher<urne Blake 6aton (S&B !34& ' Ca8tain# )nion Arm7 Anthon7 Hi--ins (S&B !3 & ' served in the )nion Arm7 in !3/1 former ).S. Senator Henr7 (hel8s >ohnston (S&B !34& ' 4nd ;ieutenant# )nion Arm7 Cornelius ;add ?itchel (S&B !34& ' (rivate# )nion Arm7 Walter Allen (S&B !3,& ' Actin- Assistant (a7master# ).S. 9av7 Charles >esu8 Arms (S&B !3,& ' Ca8tain# )nion Arm7 Cornelius Wade Bull (S&B !3,& ' Actin- Assistant (a7master# ).S. 9av7 >ohn Haskell Butler (S&B !3,& ' served in the ).S. 9av7 ;eander T. Cham<erlain (S&B !3,& ' >ud-e Advocate# ).S. 9av71 <rother of South Carolina Governor =aniel H. Cham<erlain (S&B !34& Horace We<ster Fowler (S&B !3,& ' Ca8tain# Artiller7# )nion Arm7 (a7son 5errill (S&B !3:& ' served in the )nion Arm7 Charles 6d-ar Smith (S&B !3:& ' (rivate# )nion Arm7 >ames Brand (S&B !33& ' Ser-eant# )nion Arm7 >ohn ;ewis (S&B !3!& ' served in the )nion Arm7 William Allison 5c?inne7 (S&B !3!& ' served in the )nion Arm7 6dward Heaton (S&B !3*& ' ;ieutenant# Artiller7# )nion Arm7 $ufus B7am $ichardson (S&B !3*& ' Cor8oral# Anfantr7# )nion Arm7 Charles BenCamin $amsdell (S&B !"4& ' served in the )nion Arm7

Skull & Bones and $econstruction ( !3:% !""&


Government OfficialsB Al8honso Taft (S&B !,,& ' Secretar7 of War ( !"3&1 ).S. Attorne7 General ( !"3% !""&1 >ud-e of Su8erior Court of Cincinnati ( !3:% !"4& William 5. 6varts (S&B !,"& ' ).S. Attorne7 General (>ul7 "# !3!%5arch /# !3*&1 ).S. Secretar7 of State ( !""% !! & 5orrison $. Waite (S&B !,"& ' Chief >ustice of the ).S. Su8reme Court ( !"/% !!!& Orris Sanford Ferr7 (S&B !//& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%Connecticut# !3"% !":& William Barrett Wash<urn (S&B !//& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%5assachusetts# !"/% !":&1 ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7% 5assachusetts# !3,% !" &1 Governor of 5assachusetts ($e8u<lican# !"4% !"/& Henr7 Cham8ion =emin- (S&B !,3& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%Connecticut# !3,% !3"&1 ).S. Collector of Anternal $evenue ( !3*% !"4& Au-ustus Brande-ee (S&B !/*& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%Connecticut# !3,% !3"& $oswell Hart (S&B !/,& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%9ew @ork# !3:% !3"& $ichard =udle7 Hu<<ard (S&B !,*& ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocratic (art7%Connecticut# !3"% !3*& >ohn Andrew (eters (S&B !/4& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%5aine# !3"% !",&1 Attorne7 General of 5aine ( !3/% !33& $ichard >. Haldeman (S&B !: & ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocratic (art7%(enns7lvania# !3*% !",& Ste8hen W. ?ello-- (S&B !/3& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%Connecticut# !3*% !":& >ohn 6dward Seele7 (S&B !,:& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%9ew @ork# !" % !",& 6llis Henr7 $o<erts (S&B !:+& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%9ew @ork# !" % !":&1 5em<er of 9ew @ork State Assem<l7 ( !33& BenCamin Tucker 6ames (S&B !/,& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%$hode Asland# !" % !"*& Constantine C. 6st7 (S&B !/:& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%5assachusetts# !"4% !",&1 Assessor of Anternal $evenue ( !34% !331 !3"% !"4& William Walter (hel8s (S&B !3+& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%9ew >erse7# !",% !":# !!,% !!*& William Wallace Cra8o (S&B !:4& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%5assachusetts# !":% !!,& =aniel H. Cham<erlain (S&B !34& ' Governor of South Carolina ($e8u<lican# !"/% !"3&1 Attorne7 General of South Carolina ( !3!% !"4& Green Cla7 (S&B !:*& ' 5em<er of 5ississi88i State ;e-islature durin- $econstruction Henr7 Waterman Warren (S&B !3:& ' 5em<er of 5ississi88i State ;e-islature ( !"+% !":& Hu-h White Sheffe7 (S&B !,:& ' >ud-e of the Su8erior Court of 2ir-inia ( !3:% !3*& >ohn Thomas Cro0ton (S&B !:"& ' 5aCor General in the ).S. Arm71 Commander of the 5ilitar7 =istrict of Southwest Geor-ia at 5acon# Geor-ia ( !3:&1 ).S. 5inister to Bolivia ( !",% !"/& William ;aw ;earned (S&B !/ & ' (residin- >ustice of the Su8reme Court of 9ew @ork ( !":% !*4& >ohn Wallace Houston (S&B !,/& ' Associate >ustice of the Su8erior Court of =elaware ( !::% !*,& ;eonard 6u-ene Wales (S&B !/:& ' >ustice of the Su8erior Court of =elaware ( !3/% !!/& =wi-ht Foster (S&B !/!& ' >ustice of 5assachusetts Su8reme Court ( !33% !3*& Geor-e G. Sill (S&B !:4& ' ;ieutenant Governor of Connecticut ( !",% !""& Al<ert (ierson Condit (S&B !:+& ' 5em<er ( !33% !3"# !" & and S8eaker ( !" & of the 9ew >erse7 State ;e-islature Colle-e AdministratorsB Andrew =. White (S&B !:,& ' inau-ural (resident of Cornell )niversit7 ( !33% !!:& =aniel C. Gilman (S&B !:4& ' inau-ural (resident of >ohns Ho8kins )niversit7 ( !":% *+ &1 (resident of )niversit7 of California at Berkele7 ( !"4% !":&1 Secretar7 of Connecticut State Board of 6ducation ( !3:% !33& Charles >anewa7 Stille (S&B !,*& ' (rovost of )niversit7 of (enns7lvania ( !3!% !!+& Carroll Cutler (S&B !:/& ' (resident of KCaseL Western $eserve )niversit7 KCleveland# OhioL ( !" % !!3& William Chauvenet (S&B !/+& ' Chancellor of Washin-ton )niversit7 in St. ;ouis ( !34% !3*& Henr7 Hitchcock (S&B !/!& ' =ean of the St. ;ouis ;aw School at Washin-ton )niversit7 in St. ;ouis ( !3"% !"+# !"!% !! & Henr7 Coit ?in-sle7 (S&B !,/& ' Treasurer of @ale )niversit7 ( !34% !!3& William (reston >ohnston (S&B !:4& ' (rofessor of 6n-lish ;iterature# Histor7# and (olitical 6conom7 at Washin-ton and ;ee )niversit7 ( !3"% !""&1 inau-ural (resident of Tulane )niversit7 ( !!/% !**& BenCamin Silliman >r. (S&B !,"& ' (rofessor of Chemistr7 at @ale )niversit7 ( !:/% !"+& Timoth7 =wi-ht (S&B !/*& ' (rofessor of Sacred ;iterature at @ale )niversit7 ( !:*% !!3& C7rus 9orthro8 (S&B !:"& ' (rofessor of 6n-lish at @ale )niversit7 ( !3,% !!/& Simeon 6<en Baldwin (S&B !3 & ' (rofessor of ;aw at @ale ;aw School ( !3*% * *& Church ;eadersB Charles F. $o<ertson (S&B !:*& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of 5issouri ( !3!% !!3& >ose8h (arrish Thom8son (S&B !,!& ' (astor of the Broadwa7 Ta<ernacle in 9ew @ork Cit7 ( !/:% !" & >ose8h Au-ustine Benton (S&B !/4& ' (astor of (l7mouth Con-re-ational Church in San Francisco ( !3,% !3*& 6dward =. 5orris (S&B !/*& ' (astor of the Second (res<7terian Church of Colum<us# Ohio ( !::% !3"& >ames Gardiner 2ose (S&B !: & ' (astor of the Beneficent Church in (rovidence# $hode Asland ( !33% *+ & William Henr7 Fenn (S&B !:/& ' (astor of Hi-h Street Con-re-ational Church of (ortland# 5aine ( !33% *+/& ;eander Trow<rid-e Cham<erlain (S&B !3,& ' (astor of 9ew 6n-land Church in Chica-o ( !3*% !"3& Ale0ander S. Twom<l7 (S&B !:/& ' (astor of Winthro8 (Con-re-ational& Church in Boston ( !"4% !* & OthersB William C. Whitne7 (S&B !3,& ' Cor8oration Counsel of 9ew @ork Cit7 ( !":% !!4& >ohn William Sterlin- (S&B !3/& ' Co%Founder and 5em<er of Shearman & Sterlin- Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( !",% * !& Thomas Thacher (S&B !" & ' Co%Founder and 5em<er of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( !":% * *& William 5. 6varts (S&B !,"& ' (resident of the 9ew @ork Cit7 Bar Association ( !"+% !"*& Thomas Anthon7 Thacher (S&B !,:& ' 5em<er of the Connecticut State Board of 6ducation ( !3:% !""& >ose8h Bur<een Walker (S&B !//& ' 5em<er of the Board of 6ducation of Concord# 9ew Ham8shire ( !:*% !"+&

Skull & Bones and 5e0ican War ( !/3% !/!&


>ohn Wallace Houston (S&B !,/& ' ).S. Con-ressman (Whi- (art7%=elaware# !/:% !: & >ohn Hu<<ard Tweed7 (S&B !,/& ' =ele-ate of the Territor7 of Wisconsin (Whi- (art7%Wisconsin# !/"% !/!& Henr7 $ootes >ackson (S&B !,*& ' ).S. Attorne7 for the =istrict of Geor-ia ( !//% !/*& William Huntin-ton $ussell (S&B !,,& ' 5em<er of the Connecticut State House of $e8resentatives ( !/3% !/"& William Smith Scar<orou-h (S&B !,"& ' 5em<er of the Connecticut State Senate ( !/3& William Henr7 Chandler (S&B !,*& ' 5em<er of the Connecticut State House of $e8resentatives ( !/"& $ufus Hart (S&B !,,& ' 5em<er of Ohio State Senate ( !/:% !/"& Asahel H. ;ewis (S&B !,,& ' 5em<er of Ohio General Assem<l7 KHouse of $e8resentativesL ( !/"% !/!& Hu-h White Sheffe7 (S&B !,:& ' 5em<er of the General Assem<l7 of the State of 2ir-inia ( !/3% !:/& Allen Ferdinand Owen (S&B !,"& ' 5em<er of Geor-ia State House of $e8resentatives ( !/,% !/"& Al8honso Taft (S&B !,,& ' 5em<er of the Common Council of Cincinnati ( !/"% !/*& >ose8h (arrish Thom8son (S&B !,!& ' (astor of Broadwa7 Ta<ernacle in 9ew @ork Cit7 ( !/:% !" & Thomas Anthon7 Thacher (S&B !,:& ' (rofessor of ;atin at @ale )niversit7 ( !/4% !!3& BenCamin Silliman >r. (S&B !,"& ' (rofessor of A88lied Chemistr7 at @ale )niversit7 ( !/3% !/*&

Skull & Bones and Crimean War ( !:,% !:3&


Henr7 $ootes >ackson (S&B !,*& ' ).S. 5inister to the Austrian 6m8ire ( !:/% !:!& =onald Grant 5itchell (S&B !/ & ' ).S. Consul in 2enice KAtal7L ( !:,% !:/& >ohn (erkins >r. (S&B !/+& ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocrat%;ouisiana# !:,% !::& William Ta7lor Sullivan Berr7 (S&B !/ & ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocrat%5ississi88i# !:,% !::& Henr7 Cham8ion =emin- (S&B !,3& ' 5a7or of Hartford# Connecticut ( !:/% !:!# !3+% !34& Henr7 B. Harrison (S&B !/3& ' Connecticut State Senator ( !:/% !:3& Orris Sanford Ferr7 (S&B !//& ' Connecticut State Senator ( !::% !:3& Au-ustus Brande-ee (S&B !/*& ' 5em<er of Connecticut State House of $e8resentatives ( !:/% !:"# !:*% !3 & >ames O. (utnam (S&B !,*& ' 9ew @ork State Senator ( !:/% !::& >ose8h B. 2arnum (S&B !,!& ' 5em<er of 9ew @ork State Assem<l7 ( !/*% !: # !:"& William Barrett Wash<urn (S&B !//& ' 5em<er of the 5assachusetts House of $e8resentatives ( !:,% !::& BenCamin Tucker 6ames (S&B !/,& ' $hode Asland State Senator ( !:/% !:"# !3,% !3/# !!/% !!:& Charles Green Came (S&B !/*& ' 5em<er of 5aine State House of $e8resentatives ( !:/% !::& $ichard Smith 5esick (S&B !/!& ' California State Senator ( !::& Hu-h White Sheffe7 (S&B !,:& ' 5em<er of the General Assem<l7 of the State of 2ir-inia ( !/3% !:/& >ohn Henr7 Felder (S&B !//& ' 5em<er of South Carolina State ;e-islature ( !:4% !3 & $ichard Ta7lor (S&B !/:& ' ;ouisiana State Senator ( !:3% !3 & >ames 9. ;ea (S&B !,/& ' >ustice of ;ouisiana Su8reme Court ( !::% !3,& Frederick 6llsworth 5ather (S&B !,,& ' 5em<er of the Common Council of 9ew @ork Cit7 ( !:/% !:"& >ose8h (arrish Thom8son (S&B !,!& ' (astor of Broadwa7 Ta<ernacle in 9ew @ork Cit7 ( !/:% !" & Thomas Anthon7 Thacher (S&B !,:& ' (rofessor of ;atin at @ale )niversit7 ( !/4% !!3& BenCamin Silliman >r. (S&B !,"& ' (rofessor of Chemistr7 at @ale )niversit7 ( !:/% !"+&

S&ull % Bones and 'ounded (nee )assacre (*ece!+er ,-. /0-1)


William Howard Taft (S&B !"!& ' Solicitor General of the )nited States ( !*+% !*4& William Walter (hel8s (S&B !3+& ' ).S. 5inister to the German 6m8ire ( !!*% !*,& 6llis Henr7 $o<erts (S&B !:+& ' Assistant Treasurer of the ).S. ( !!*% !*,& Walker Blaine (S&B !"3& ' 60aminer of Claims in the State =e8artment ( !!*% !*+& William 5. 6varts (S&B !,"& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%9ew @ork# !!:% !* & Anthon7 Hi--ins (S&B !3 & ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%=elaware# !!*% !*:& ;eBaron Bradford Colt (S&B !3!& ' >ud-e of the ).S. Court of A88eals for the First Circuit KBostonL ( !!/% * ,& ;eonard 6u-ene Wales (S&B !/:& ' >ud-e of the ).S. =istrict Court for the =istrict of =elaware ( !!/% !*"& $ensselaer $ussell 9elson (S&B !/3& ' >ud-e of the ).S. =istrict Court for the =istrict of 5innesota ( !:!% !*3& William ?neeland Townsend (S&B !" & ' Cor8oration Counsel of 9ew Haven# Connecticut ( !!*% !* & >ohn William Sterlin- (S&B !3/& ' Co%Founder and 5em<er of Shearman & Sterlin- Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( !",% * !& Thomas Thacher (S&B !" & ' Co%Founder and 5em<er of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( !":% * *& Chaunce7 5. =e8ew (S&B !:3& ' (resident of the 9ew @ork Central & Hudson $iver $ailroad Co. ( !!:% !*!& Wilson Shannon Bissell (S&B !3*& ' (resident of the Buffalo & Southwestern $ailroad ( !!,% !*:& ;evi C. Wade (S&B !33& ' (resident of the 5e0ican Central $ailwa7 Com8an7 ( !!:% !* & Timoth7 =wi-ht (S&B !/*& ' (resident of @ale )niversit7 ( !!3% !**& =aniel C. Gilman (S&B !:4& ' (resident of >ohns Ho8kins )niversit7 ( !":% *+ & William (reston >ohnston (S&B !:4& ' (resident of Tulane )niversit7 ( !!/% !**& C7rus 9orthro8 (S&B !:"& ' (resident of )niversit7 of 5innesota ( !!/% * & Simeon 6<en Baldwin (S&B !3 & ' (rofessor of ;aw at @ale ;aw School ( !3*% * *& Theodore S. Woolse7 (S&B !"4& ' (rofessor of Anternational ;aw at @ale )niversit7 ( !"!% * & Henr7 Walcott Farnam (S&B !"/& ' (rofessor of (olitical 6conom7 at @ale )niversit7 ( !!+% * 4& 5oses Coit T7ler (S&B !:"& ' (rofessor of American Histor7 at Cornell )niversit7 ( !! % *++& Thomas F. =avies (S&B !:,& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of 5ichi-an ( !!*% *+:& Sereno =wi-ht 9ickerson (S&B !/:& ' $ecordin- Grand Secretar7 of the Grand ;od-e of 5assachusetts KFreemasonr7L ( !! % *+!&

Skull & Bones and First Sino%>a8anese War ( !*/% !*:&


Government OfficialsB Anthon7 Hi--ins (S&B !3 & ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%=elaware# !!*% !*:& >ohn (atton >r. (S&B !":& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%5ichi-an# !*/% !*:& Wilson Shannon Bissell (S&B !3*& ' (ostmaster%General of the )nited States ( !*,% !*:& Frank Hatch >ones (S&B !":& ' First Assistant ).S. (ostmaster General ( !*,% !*"& 6dward B. Whitne7 (S&B !"!& ' Assistant ).S. Attorne7 General ( !*,% !*"& >ohn Sammis Se7mour (S&B !":& ' ).S. Commissioner of (atents ( !*,% !*"& Andrew =. White (S&B !:,& ' ).S. 5inister to the $ussian 6m8ire ( !*4% !*/& 6<en Ale0ander (S&B !",& ' ).S. 5inister to Greece ( !*,% !*"&1 ).S. 5inister to $omania ( !*/% !*"&1 ).S. 5inister to Ser<ia ( !*/%*"& Samuel ?ni-ht (S&B !!"& ' ).S. Attorne7 for the 9orthern =istrict of California ( !*/% !*!& ;eBaron Bradford Colt (S&B !3!& ' >ud-e of the ).S. Court of A88eals for the First Circuit KBostonL ( !!/% * ,& William Howard Taft (S&B !"!& ' >ud-e of the ).S. Court of A88eals for the Si0th Circuit KCincinnatiL ( !*4% *++& $ensselaer $ussell 9elson (S&B !/3& ' >ud-e of the ).S. =istrict Court for the =istrict of 5innesota ( !:!% !*3& ;eonard 6u-ene Wales (S&B !/:& ' >ud-e of the ).S. =istrict Court for the =istrict of =elaware ( !!/% !*"& William ?neeland Townsend (S&B !" & ' >ud-e of the ).S. =istrict Court for the =istrict of Connecticut ( !*4% *+4& ;uFon B. 5orris (S&B !:/# =emocrat& ' Governor of Connecticut ( !*,% !*:& ;ucien F. Bur8ee (S&B !"*& ' Cor8oration Counsel of Water<ur7# Connecticut ( !*+% !*3& Frank Bosworth Brande-ee (S&B !!:& ' Cor8oration Counsel of 9ew ;ondon# Connecticut ( !!*% !*,# !*/% !*"# *+ % *+4& William ?ent (S&B !!"& ' 5em<er of the Chica-o Cit7 Council ( !*:% !*"& Francis 6<en Woodruff (S&B !3/& ' Commissioner of Am8erial 5aritime Customs Service of China ( !3:% !*"& BusinessmenB Chaunce7 5. =e8ew (S&B !:3& ' (resident of the 9ew @ork Central & Hudson $iver $ailroad Co. ( !!:% !*!& Wilson Shannon Bissell (S&B !3*& ' (resident of the Buffalo & Southwestern $ailroad ( !!,% !*:& Otto T. Bannard (S&B !"3& ' (resident of Continental Trust Com8an7 of 9ew @ork Cit7 ( !*,% *+/& >ose8h (. Ord (S&B !",& ' Com8troller of General 6lectric Co. ( !*4% *+ & Charles Ho8kins Clark (S&B !" & ' (resident and 6ditor%in%Chief of )artford $ourant ( !*+% *43& ;aw7ersB >ohn William Sterlin- (S&B !3/& ' Co%Founder and 5em<er of Shearman & Sterlin- Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( !",% * !& Thomas Thacher (S&B !" & ' Co%Founder and 5em<er of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( !":% * *& Henr7 ;. Stimson (S&B !!!& ' Counsel of Winthro8# Stimson# (utnam & $o<erts ( !* % *+3# * ,% *4"# *,,% */+# */:% *:+& (a7son 5errill (S&B !3:& ' 5em<er of 5errill# $o-ers# Gifford & Wood7 Kand 8redecessorsL Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( !!,% *4/& Or-aniFation 60ecutivesB Thomas F. =avies (S&B !:,& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of 5ichi-an ( !!*% *+:& Henr7 Al<ert Stimson (S&B !3:& ' (astor of the Broadwa7 Ta<ernacle in 9ew @ork Cit7 ( !*,% !*3& >ames Gardiner 2ose (S&B !: & ' (astor of the Beneficent Church in (rovidence# $hode Asland ( !33% *+ & Sereno =wi-ht 9ickerson (S&B !/:& ' $ecordin- Grand Secretar7 of the Grand ;od-e of 5assachusetts KFreemasonr7L ( !! % *+!& Sidne7 C. (artrid-e (S&B !!+& ' Head of Bisho8 Boone 5emorial School for Bo7s in Wuchan-# China ( !!"% !**& Colle-e Administrators and (rofessorsB Timoth7 =wi-ht (S&B !/*& ' (resident of @ale )niversit7 ( !!3% !**& =aniel C. Gilman (S&B !:4& ' (resident of >ohns Ho8kins )niversit7 ( !":% *+ & William (reston >ohnston (S&B !:4& ' (resident of Tulane )niversit7 ( !!/% !**& C7rus 9orthro8 (S&B !:"& ' (resident of )niversit7 of 5innesota ( !!/% * & Henr7 (arks Wri-ht (S&B !3!& ' =ean of @ale )niversit7 ( !!/% *+*& Franklin B. =e0ter (S&B !3 & ' Secretar7 of @ale )niversit7 ( !3*% !**& William Whitman Farnam (S&B !33& ' Treasurer of @ale )niversit7 ( !!!% !**& Addison 2an 9ame (S&B !:!& ' ;i<rarian of @ale )niversit7 ( !3:% *+:& Arthur Twinin- Hadle7 (S&B !"3& ' =ean of the Graduate School at @ale )niversit7 ( !*4% !*:&1 (rofessor of (olitical 6conom7 at @ale )niversit7 ( !* % !**& Francis 5. Finch (S&B !/*& ' =ean of Cornell ;aw School ( !* % *+,& William W. Seel7 (S&B !34& ' =ean of the 5edical Facult7 at )niversit7 of Cincinnati ( !! % *++& William Henr7 Welch (S&B !"+& ' =ean of the 5edical Facult7 at >ohns Ho8kins )niversit7 ( !*,% !*!& Simeon 6<en Baldwin (S&B !3 & ' (rofessor of ;aw at @ale ;aw School ( !3*% * *& William ?neeland Townsend (S&B !" & ' (rofessor of ;aw at @ale ;aw School ( !! % *+"& Theodore S. Woolse7 (S&B !"4& ' (rofessor of Anternational ;aw at @ale )niversit7 ( !"!% * & Henr7 Walcott Farnam (S&B !"/& ' (rofessor of (olitical 6conom7 at @ale )niversit7 ( !!+% * 4& Charles 5. T7ler (S&B !::& ' (rofessor of Histor7 at Cornell )niversit7 ( !* % *+,& 5oses Coit T7ler (S&B !:"& ' (rofessor of American Histor7 at Cornell )niversit7 ( !! % *++& >ohn ;. 6well (S&B !3:& ' (rofessor of Church Histor7 at Howard )niversit7 ( !* % * +& 6liakim H. 5oore (S&B !!,& ' (rofessor of 5athematics at )niversit7 of Chica-o ( !*4% *, & =wi-ht Whitne7 ;earned (S&B !"+& ' (rofessor of Chinese Histor7# Bi<lical Theolo-7# and Greek at =oshisha Colle-e K=oshisha )niversit7L in ?7oto# >a8an ( !"3% *4!&

Skull & Bones and S8anish%American War ( !*!& & Boer War ( !**% *+4&
Government OfficialsB 6llis Henr7 $o<erts (S&B !:+& ' Treasurer of the )nited States ( !*"% *+:& Andrew =ickson White (S&B !:,& ' ).S. 5inister to German7 KGerman 6m8ireL ( !*"% *+4& Stanford 9ewel (S&B !3 & ' ).S. 5inister to the 9etherlands ( !*"% *+:& Samuel ?ni-ht (S&B !!"& ' ).S. Attorne7 for the 9orthern =istrict of California ( !*/% !*!& Chaunce7 5. =e8ew (S&B !:3& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%9ew @ork# !**% * &1 (resident of 9ew @ork Central & Hudson $iver $ailroad Co. ( !!:% !*!& Geor-e (ea<od7 Wetmore (S&B !3"& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%$hode Asland# !*:% *+"# *+!% * ,& Charles 9ewell Fowler (S&B !"3& ' 5em<er of the ).S. House of $e8resentatives ($e8u<lican (art7%9ew >erse7# !*:% * & Thomas Hed-e (S&B !3"& ' 5em<er of the ).S. House of $e8resentatives ($e8u<lican (art7%Aowa# !**% *+"& ;eBaron Bradford Colt (S&B !3!& ' >ud-e of the ).S. Court of A88eals for the First Circuit KBostonL ( !!/% * ,& William Howard Taft (S&B !"!& ' >ud-e of the ).S. Court of A88eals for the Si0th Circuit KCincinnatiL ( !*4% *++& William ?neeland Townsend (S&B !" & ' >ud-e of the ).S. =istrict Court for the =istrict of Connecticut ( !*4% *+4& 6dward Curtis Smith (S&B !":& ' Governor of 2ermont ( !*!% *++& Timoth7 ;. Woodruff (S&B !"*& ' ;ieutenant Governor of 9ew @ork ( !*"% *+4& Charles Fraser 5ac;ean (S&B !3/& ' >ustice of the Su8reme Court of 9ew @ork ( !*3% *+*& Almet Francis >enks (S&B !":& ' >ustice of the Su8reme Court of 9ew @ork ( !*3% *4 & Simeon 6. Baldwin (S&B !3 & ' >ustice of the Connecticut Su8reme Court of 6rrors ( !*,% * +& >ohn Andrew (eters (S&B !/4& ' Chief >ustice of the Su8reme >udicial Court of 5aine ( !!,% *++& BenCamin =. 5a-ruder (S&B !:3& ' >ustice of Allinois Su8reme Court ( !!:% *+3& Henr7 Har8er Ba<cock (S&B !:,& ' Collector Kof CustomsL of the (ort of 9ew Haven# Connecticut ( !*:% !**& ;aw7ers and BusinessmenB ;lo7d Wheaton Bowers (S&B !"*& ' General Counsel of Chica-o & 9orthwestern $ailwa7 Com8an7 ( !*,% *+*& >ohn William Sterlin- (S&B !3/& ' Co%Founder and 5em<er of Shearman & Sterlin- ( !",% * !& Henr7 Waters Taft (S&B !!+& ' (artner of Cadwalader# Wickersham & Taft ( !**% */:& (hili8 G. Bartlett (S&B !! & ' (artner of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett ( !*+% *, & (a7son 5errill (S&B !3:& ' 5em<er of 5errill# $o-ers# Gifford & Wood7 Kand 8redecessorsL Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( !!,% *4/& >ohn Trum<ull $o<inson (S&B !*,& ' 5em<er of $o<inson# $o<inson & Cole Klaw firm in Hartford# ConnecticutL ( !*3% *,"& Arthur ;effin-well Shi8man (S&B !!3& ' (artner of Gross# H7de & Shi8man Klaw firm in Hartford# ConnecticutL ( !*/% * *& Otto T. Bannard (S&B !"3& ' (resident of Continental Trust Com8an7 of 9ew @ork Cit7 ( !*,% *+/& >ose8h (. Ord (S&B !",& ' Com8troller of General 6lectric Co. ( !*4% *+ & Alfred Cowles (S&B !!3& ' Secretar7 and Treasurer of Chica-o Tri<une Com8an7 ( !*!% *+ & William H. Cowles (S&B !!"& ' (u<lisher of Spokane Spokesman&Review ( !*,% */3& Charles Ho8kins Clark (S&B !" & ' (resident and 6ditor%in%Chief of )artford $ourant ( !*+% *43& Colle-esB Timoth7 =wi-ht (S&B !/*& ' (resident of @ale )niversit7 ( !!3% !**& =aniel C. Gilman (S&B !:4& ' (resident of >ohns Ho8kins )niversit7 KBaltimoreL ( !":% *+ & William (reston >ohnston (S&B !:4& ' (resident of Tulane )niversit7 K9ew OrleansL ( !!/% !**& C7rus 9orthro8 (S&B !:"& ' (resident of )niversit7 of 5innesota ( !!/% * & >ames O. (utnam (S&B !,*& ' Chancellor of )niversit7 of Buffalo ( !*:% *+4& Francis 5. Finch (S&B !/*& ' =ean of Cornell ;aw School ( !* % *+,& William Tha7er Smith (S&B !3+& ' =ean of =artmouth 5edical School ( !*3% *+*& William W. Seel7 (S&B !34& ' =ean of 5edical Facult7 at )niversit7 of Cincinnati ( !! % *++& Henr7 (arks Wri-ht (S&B !3!& ' =ean of @ale )niversit7 ( !!/% *+*&1 (rofessor of ;atin at @ale )niversit7 ( !"3% *+*& Franklin B. =e0ter (S&B !3 & ' Secretar7 of @ale )niversit7 ( !3*% !**& William Whitman Farnam (S&B !33& ' Treasurer of @ale )niversit7 ( !!!% !**& Simeon 6<en Baldwin (S&B !3 & ' (rofessor of ;aw at @ale ;aw School ( !3*% * *& William ?neeland Townsend (S&B !" & ' (rofessor of ;aw at @ale ;aw School ( !! % *+"& Theodore S. Woolse7 (S&B !"4& ' (rofessor of Anternational ;aw at @ale )niversit7 ( !"!% * & William G. Sumner (S&B !3,& ' (rofessor of 6conomics at @ale )niversit7 ( !"4% *+*& Henr7 Walcott Farnam (S&B !"/& ' (rofessor of (olitical 6conom7 at @ale )niversit7 ( !!+% * 4& Arthur Twinin- Hadle7 (S&B !"3& ' (rofessor of (olitical 6conom7 at @ale )niversit7 ( !* % !**& Charles 5. T7ler (S&B !::& ' (rofessor of Histor7 at Cornell )niversit7 ( !* % *+,& 5oses Coit T7ler (S&B !:"& ' (rofessor of American Histor7 at Cornell )niversit7 ( !! % *++& >ohn ;. 6well (S&B !3:& ' (rofessor of Church Histor7 at Howard )niversit7 ( !* % * +& 6liakim H. 5oore (S&B !!,& ' (rofessor of 5athematics at )niversit7 of Chica-o ( !*4% *, & OthersB Thomas F. =avies (S&B !:,& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of 5ichi-an ( !!*% *+:& Henr7 Al<ert Stimson (S&B !3:& ' (astor of 5anhattan Church in 9ew @ork Cit7 ( !*3% * "& Frederic S. =ennis (S&B !"4& ' (rofessor of Clinical Sur-er7 at Cornell )niversit7 ( !*!% * +& Ale0ander ;am<ert (S&B !!/& ' (rofessor of Clinical 5edicine at Cornell )niversit7 ( !*!% *, & William H. Welch (S&B !"+& ' =ean of the 5edical Facult7 at >ohns Ho8kins )niversit7 ( !*,% !*!&1 (resident of 5ar7land State Board of Health ( !*!% *44& $al8h =. (aine (S&B !*/& ' War corres8ondent for the (hiladel8hia (ress durin- the S8anish%American War Sereno =wi-ht 9ickerson (S&B !/:& ' $ecordin- Grand Secretar7 of the Grand ;od-e of 5assachusetts KFreemasonr7L ( !! % *+!&

Skull & Bones and $usso%>a8anese War ( *+/% *+:&


Government OfficialsB William Howard Taft (S&B !"!& ' Secretar7 of War (Fe<ruar7 # *+/%>une ,+# *+!& 6llis Henr7 $o<erts (S&B !:+& ' Treasurer of the )nited States ( !*"% *+:& ;eBaron Bradford Colt (S&B !3!& ' >ud-e of the ).S. Court of A88eals for the First Circuit KBostonL ( !!/% * ,& William ?neeland Townsend (S&B !" & ' >ud-e of the ).S. Court of A88eals for the Second Circuit K9ew @ork Cit7L ( *+4% *+"& Geor-e Chandler Holt (S&B !33& ' >ud-e of ).S. =istrict Court for the Southern =istrict of 9ew @ork K9ew @ork Cit7L ( *+,% * /& Geor-e (ea<od7 Wetmore (S&B !3"& ' ).S. Senator ($%$hode Asland# !*:% *+"# *+!% * ,& Chaunce7 5. =e8ew (S&B !:3& ' ).S. Senator ($%9ew @ork# !**% * & Thomas Hed-e (S&B !3"& ' 5em<er of the ).S. House of $e8resentatives ($%Aowa# !**% *+"& Charles 9ewell Fowler (S&B !"3& ' 5em<er of the ).S. House of $e8resentatives ($%9ew >erse7# !*:% * & Frank Bosworth Brande-ee (S&B !!:& ' 5em<er of the ).S. House of $e8resentatives ($%Connecticut# *+4% *+:& Francis Burton Harrison (S&B !*:& ' 5em<er of the ).S. House of $e8resentatives (=%9ew @ork# *+,% *+:# *+"% * ,& Amos (arker Wilder (S&B !!/& ' ).S. Consul%General in Hon- ?on- ( *+3% *+*& (ierre >a7 (S&B !*4& ' Bank Commissioner of 5assachusetts ( *+3% *+*& Arthur ;effin-well Shi8man (S&B !!3& ' Cor8oration Counsel of Hartford# Connecticut ( *+/% *+!# * +% * 4& 6dwin F. Sweet (S&B !" & ' 5a7or of Grand $a8ids# 5ichi-an ( *+/% *+3& Charles Fraser 5ac;ean (S&B !3/& ' >ustice of the Su8reme Court of 9ew @ork ( !*3% *+*& Almet Francis >enks (S&B !":& ' >ustice of the Su8reme Court of 9ew @ork ( !*3% *4 & ;aw7ersB >ames 5ulford Townsend (S&B !"/& ' General Counsel of 6.A. du (ont de 9emours (owder Com8an7 ( *+,% * ,& ;lo7d Wheaton Bowers (S&B !"*& ' General Counsel of Chica-o & 9orthwestern $ailwa7 Com8an7 ( !*,% *+*& Thomas Thacher (S&B !" & ' Co%Founder and 5em<er of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( !":% * *& (hili8 G. Bartlett (S&B !! & ' (artner of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett ( !*+% *, & Thomas 5ills =a7 (S&B !!3& ' 5em<er of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett ( !*!% * "& Henr7 Waters Taft (S&B !!+& ' (artner of Cadwalader# Wickersham & Taft Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( !**% */:& >ohn William Sterlin- (S&B !3/& ' Co%Founder and 5em<er of Shearman & Sterlin- Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( !",% * !& Howard 5ansfield (S&B !" & ' 5em<er of ;ord# =a7 & ;ord ( *+ % *,!& Henr7 =eForest Baldwin (S&B !!:& ' 5em<er of ;ord# =a7 & ;ord ( *++% */"& Charles Wheeler (ierson (S&B !!3& ' 5em<er of Ale0ander & Green Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *++% *4*& Henr7 ;. Stimson (S&B !!!& ' Counsel of Winthro8# Stimson# (utnam & $o<erts ( !* % *+3# * ,% *4"# *,,% */+# */:% *:+& Charles Bu0ton Ho<<s (S&B !!:& ' 5em<er of Gifford# Ho<<s & Beard Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *+/% *4,& Anson 5cCook Beard (S&B !*:& ' 5em<er of Gifford# Ho<<s & Beard Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *+,% *4,& Samuel ?ni-ht (S&B !!"& ' 5em<er of (a-e# 5cCutchen & Hardin- Klaw firm in San FranciscoL ( !**% * ,& Colle-e Administrators and (rofessorsB Arthur Twinin- Hadle7 (S&B !"3& ' (resident of @ale )niversit7 ( !**% *4 & C7rus 9orthro8 (S&B !:"& ' (resident of )niversit7 of 5innesota ( !!/% * & William Tha7er Smith (S&B !3+& ' =ean of =artmouth 5edical School ( !*3% *+*& Simeon 6<en Baldwin (S&B !3 & ' (rofessor of ;aw at @ale ;aw School ( !3*% * *& William ?neeland Townsend (S&B !" & ' (rofessor of ;aw at @ale ;aw School ( !! % *+"& Theodore S. Woolse7 (S&B !"4& ' (rofessor of Anternational ;aw at @ale )niversit7 ( !"!% * & Henr7 Walcott Farnam (S&B !"/& ' (rofessor of (olitical 6conom7 at @ale )niversit7 ( !!+% * 4& Arvin- Fisher (S&B !!!& ' (rofessor of (olitical 6conom7 at @ale )niversit7 ( !*!% *,:& >ohn C. Schwa< (S&B !!3& ' (rofessor of (olitical 6conom7 at @ale )niversit7 ( !*!% *+:& Gustav Gruener (S&B !!/& ' (rofessor of German at @ale )niversit7 ( !*"% *4/& $o<ert 9elson Corwin (S&B !!"& ' (rofessor of German at @ale )niversit7 ( !**% *,,& >ames W. An-ersoll (S&B !*4& ' (rofessor of ;atin at @ale )niversit7 ( !*"% *4 & Charlton 5. ;ewis (S&B !!3& ' 6mil7 Sanford (rofessor of 6n-lish at @ale )niversit7 ( !**% *4,& >ohn ;. 6well (S&B !3:& ' (rofessor of Church Histor7 at Howard )niversit7 ( !* % * +& 6liakim H. 5oore (S&B !!,& ' (rofessor of 5athematics at )niversit7 of Chica-o ( !*4% *, & >ohn Se7mour Thacher (S&B !""& ' (rofessor of Clinical 5edicine at Colum<ia )niversit7 ( *+,% * !& Ale0ander ;am<ert (S&B !!/& ' (rofessor of Clinical 5edicine at Cornell )niversit7 ( !*!% *, & =wi-ht Whitne7 ;earned (S&B !"+& ' (rofessor of Chinese Histor7# Bi<lical Theolo-7# and Greek at =oshisha Colle-e K=oshisha )niversit7L in ?7oto# >a8an ( !"3% *4!& Businessmen# >ournalists# and Or-aniFation 60ecutivesB Otto T. Bannard (S&B !"3& ' (resident of 9ew @ork Trust Com8an7 ( *+/% * 3& 6l<rid-e Clinton Cooke (S&B !""& ' (resident of 5innea8olis Trust Com8an7 ( *+,% *4+& Harr7 (a7ne Whitne7 (S&B !*/& ' 5em<er of the <oard of directors of Guarant7 Trust Co. of 9ew @ork ( !**% *,+& Charles Ho8kins Clark (S&B !" & ' (resident and 6ditor%in%Chief of )artford $ourant ( !*+% *43& William H. Cowles (S&B !!"& ' (u<lisher of Spokane Spokesman&Review ( !*,% */3& Sereno =wi-ht 9ickerson (S&B !/:& ' $ecordin- Grand Secretar7 of the Grand ;od-e of 5assachusetts KFreemasonr7L ( !! % *+!& =aniel Coit Gilman (S&B !:4& ' (resident of Carne-ie Anstitution of Washin-ton ( *+4% *+:& William H. Welch (S&B !"+& ' (resident of the <oard of directors of $ockefeller Anstitute for 5edical $esearch ( *+ % *,/& Thomas F. =avies (S&B !:,& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of 5ichi-an ( !!*% *+:& Chaunce7 B. Brewster (S&B !3!& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of Connecticut ( !**% *4!& Sidne7 C. (artrid-e (S&B !!+& ' First 5issionar7 Bisho8 of ?7oto# >a8an ( *++% * & Henr7 Al<ert Stimson (S&B !3:& ' (astor of 5anhattan Church in 9ew @ork Cit7 ( !*3% * "&

Skull & Bones and World War A & Bolshevik $evolution ( * /% * !&
Government OfficialsB ;eBaron Bradford Colt (S&B !3!& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%$hode Asland# * ,% *4/& Frank Bosworth Brande-ee (S&B !!:& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%Connecticut# *+:% *4/& >ames Wolcott Wadsworth >r. (S&B !*!& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%9ew @ork# * :% *4"& >ames William Husted (S&B !*4& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%9ew @ork# * :% *4,& 6dwin F. Sweet (S&B !" & ' Assistant Secretar7 of Commerce ( * ,% *4 & Henr7 S. Graves (S&B !*4& ' Chief of the ).S. Forest Service ( * +% *4+& Francis Burton Harrison (S&B !*:& ' Governor General of the (hili88ines ( * ,% *4 & William ?ent (S&B !!"& ' 5em<er of ).S. Tariff Commission ( * "% *4+& Gifford (inchot (S&B !!*& ' 5em<er of the Commission for $elief in Bel-ium ( * /% * :&1 5em<er of ).S. Food Administration ( * "% * *& Frederic C. Walcott (S&B !* & ' 5em<er of the staff# )nited States Food Administration ( * "% * !& Harve7 H. Bund7 (S&B *+*& ' Assistant Counsel of the )nited States Food Administration ( * "% * *& 6. Sheldon Whitehouse (S&B *+:& ' First Secretar7 of the American 6m<ass7 in (etro-rad# $ussia ( * 3% * "& Hu-h $. Wilson (S&B *+3& ' Second Secretar7 of American ;e-ation at Berlin# German7 ( * 3% * "& Wil<ur Franklin Booth (S&B !!/& ' >ud-e of the ).S. =istrict Court for the =istrict of 5innesota ( * /% *4:& 6u-ene ;am< $ichards (S&B !!:& ' Su8erintendent of Banks of the State of 9ew @ork ( * /% * "& Almet Francis >enks (S&B !":& ' (residin- >ustice of the Su8reme Court of 9ew @ork ( * % *4 & Samuel O. (rentice (S&B !",& ' Chief >ustice of the Connecticut Su8reme Court of 6rrors ( * ,% *4+& ;ucien F. Bur8ee (S&B !"*& ' >ud-e of the Su8erior Court of Connecticut ( *+*% *4 & William Her<ert Cor<in (S&B !!*& ' Ta0 Commissioner of Connecticut ( *+"% *4+& Charles =aniel Hine (S&B !" & ' Secretar7 of Connecticut State Board of 6ducation ( !!,% *4+& 6dwards =enmore $o<<ins (S&B !"/& ' 5em<er of Connecticut State Board of 6ducation ( !!/% * *& Howell Chene7 (S&B !*4& ' 5em<er of Connecticut State Board of 6ducation ( *+*% * *& Franklin Atkins ;ord (S&B !*!& ' =e8ut7 (olice Commissioner of 9ew @ork Cit7 ( * :% * !& Frederic ?ernochan (S&B !*!& ' Chief >ustice of Court of S8ecial Sessions of 9ew @ork Cit7 ( * 3% *,"& Gardner $ichardson (S&B *+:& ' ).S. Arm7 officer (Ca8tain& assi-ned to Antelli-ence Section# General HeadNuarters# ).S. Arm7 ( * "% * !& BankersB (ierre >a7 (S&B !*4& ' Chairman of the Federal $eserve Bank of 9ew @ork ( * /% *43& >ohn (errin (S&B !"*& ' Chairman of the Federal $eserve Bank of San Francisco ( * /% *4:& Otto T. Bannard (S&B !"3& ' Chairman of the <oard of 9ew @ork Trust Com8an7 ( * 3% *4 & 5ortimer 9orton Buckner (S&B !*:& ' (resident of 9ew @ork Trust Com8an7 ( * 3% *4 & Thomas Cochran (S&B !*/& ' (artner of >.(. 5or-an & Co. ( * "% *,3&1 (resident of ;i<ert7 9ational Bank of 9ew @ork ( * /% * 3& Arthur =ou-las Bissell (S&B !3"& ' (resident of (eo8leGs Bank of Buffalo KBuffalo# 9ew @orkL ( *+,% *4+& Harr7 (a7ne Whitne7 (S&B !*/& ' 5em<er of the <oard of directors of Guarant7 Trust Co. of 9ew @ork ( !**% *,+& (erc7 A. $ockefeller (S&B *++& ' 5em<er of the <oard of directors of 9ational Cit7 Bank of 9ew @ork and American Anternational Cor8oration 6l<rid-e Clinton Cooke (S&B !""& ' (resident of 5innea8olis Trust Com8an7 ( *+,% *4+& ;aw7ersB Geor-e ;. Harrison (S&B * +& ' Assistant General Counsel of the Federal $eserve Board ( * /% * !& Chester 5itchell =awes (S&B !"3& ' General Counsel of Chica-o# Burlin-ton & Juinc7 $ailroad Com8an7 ( *+*% * "& 5orison $emich Waite (S&B !!!& ' General Solicitor of Cincinnati# Hamilton & =a7ton $ailwa7 Co. ( *+*% * "& >ohn William Sterlin- (S&B !3/& ' Co%Founder and 5em<er of Shearman & Sterlin- ( !",% * !& Henr7 Waters Taft (S&B !!+& ' (artner of Cadwalader# Wickersham & Taft ( !**% */:& Thomas Thacher (S&B !" & ' Co%Founder and 5em<er of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett ( !":% * *& (hili8 G. Bartlett (S&B !! & ' (artner of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett ( !*+% *, & Thomas 5ills =a7 (S&B !!3& ' 5em<er of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett ( !*!% * "& Graham Sumner (S&B !*"& ' 5em<er of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett ( *+/% */3& Thomas =. Thacher (S&B *+/& ' (artner of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett ( * /% *4:# *,,% */,& Howard 5ansfield (S&B !" & ' Senior (artner of ;ord# =a7 & ;ord ( *+!% *,!& Henr7 =eForest Baldwin (S&B !!:& ' 5em<er of ;ord# =a7 & ;ord ( *++% */"& ;ansin- (. $eed (S&B *+/& ' 5em<er of =avis# (olk# Wardwell# Gardiner & $eed ( * :% *,"& Charles Wheeler (ierson (S&B !!3& ' 5em<er of Ale0ander & Green Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *++% *4*& (a7son 5errill (S&B !3:& ' 5em<er of 5errill# $o-ers# Gifford & Wood7 Kand 8redecessorsL Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( !!,% *4/& >ohn Sammis Se7mour (S&B !":& ' 5em<er of Se7mour# Se7mour & Harmon Kand successorsL Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( !*:% *4 & 6dwin =ean Worcester (S&B !"3& ' 5em<er of Worcester# Williams & Sa0e Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *+*% *4*& Charles Bu0ton Ho<<s (S&B !!:& ' 5em<er of Gifford# Ho<<s & Beard Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *+/% *4,& Anson 5cCook Beard (S&B !*:& ' 5em<er of Gifford# Ho<<s & Beard Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *+,% *4,& Walter Frederick Carter (S&B !*:& ' 5em<er of Hu-hes# Schurman & =wi-ht Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( !*!% *,3& Winthro8 6dwards =wi-ht (S&B !*,& ' (artner of =wi-ht & Scoville Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( * % *//& =ean Sa-e (S&B !*"& ' 5em<er of Sa-e# Gra7# Todd & Sims Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *+:% */,& ;ee >ames (errin (S&B *+3& ' (artner of A88leton# (errin & Ho7t Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( * 3% */3& Henr7 ;. Stimson (S&B !!!& ' Counsel of Winthro8# Stimson# (utnam & $o<erts1 ).S. Arm7 Colonel durin- World War A Arthur ;effin-well Shi8man (S&B !!3& ' (artner of Gross# H7de & Shi8man Klaw firm in Hartford# ConnecticutL ( !*/% * *& >ohn Trum<ull $o<inson (S&B !*,& ' 5em<er of $o<inson# $o<inson & Cole Klaw firm in Hartford# ConnecticutL ( !*3% *,"& William Frederick (oole (S&B !* & ' (artner of Curtin# (oole & Allen Klaw firm in BostonL ( * :% *43& >ohn ;oomer Hall (S&B !*/& ' 5em<er of Choate# Hall & Stewart Klaw firm in BostonL ( *+/% *3+&

BusinessmenB Fairfa0 Harrison (S&B !*+& ' (resident of Southern $ailwa7 Co. ( * ,% *,"& Walter >ennin-s (S&B !!+& ' (resident of 9ational Fuel Gas Co. ( *+!% * *& Charles Ho8kins Clark (S&B !" & ' (resident and 6ditor%in%Chief of )artford $ourant ( !*+% *43& William H. Cowles (S&B !!"& ' (u<lisher of Spokane Spokesman&Review ( !*,% */3& W. Averell Harriman (S&B * ,& ' Chairman of the <oard of 5erchant Shi8<uildin- Cor8. ( * "% *4:& $ichard 5. Hurd (S&B !!!& ' (resident of ;aw7ers 5ort-a-e Cor8oration Kcom8an7 in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *+,% *,,& Frederic Au-ustus Stevenson (S&B !!!& ' General Su8erintendent for the 9ew @ork Cit7 district# AT&T ( *+!% * !& (erc7 A. $ockefeller (S&B *++& ' 5em<er of the <oard of directors of 9ational Cit7 Bank of 9ew @ork and American Anternational Cor8oration Samuel $. Bertron (S&B !!:& ' (resident of Bertron# Griscom & Com8an7# Anc.# international financiers K9ew @ork Cit7L ( * 4% *,!& Or-aniFationsB Andrew =. White (S&B !:,& ' Trustee of Carne-ie 6ndowment for Anternational (eace ( * +% * !& William Howard Taft (S&B !"!& ' Chairman of American $ed Cross ( * :% * *&1 ?ent (rofessor of ;aw at @ale )niversit7 ( * ,% *4 & William H. Welch (S&B !"+& ' (resident of the <oard of directors of $ockefeller Anstitute for 5edical $esearch ( *+ % *,/& Arvin- Fisher (S&B !!!& ' Founder of American 6u-enics Societ71 (rofessor of (olitical 6conom7 at @ale )niversit7 ( !*!% *,:& Amos (inchot (S&B !*"& ' Co%Founder and =irector ( * "% *,+& of the American Civil ;i<erties )nion (AC;)& Amos (arker Wilder (S&B !!/& ' 60ecutive Secretar7 and Treasurer of @ale%in%China in 9ew Haven# Connecticut ( * /% *4+& Chaunce7 B. Brewster (S&B !3!& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of Connecticut ( !**% *4!& Sidne7 C. (artrid-e (S&B !!+& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of Western 5issouri ( * % *,+& BenCamin Brewster (S&B !!4& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of 5aine ( * 3% */ & Thomas F. =avies (S&B !*/& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of Western 5assachusetts ( * % *,3& =oremus Scudder (S&B !!+& ' (astor of Tok7o )nion Church ( * 3% * *& Colle-es (rofessorsB Arthur Twinin- Hadle7 (S&B !"3& ' (resident of @ale )niversit7 ( !**% *4 & Anson (hel8s Stokes (S&B !*3& ' Secretar7 of @ale )niversit7 ( !**% *4 & Frederick S. >ones (S&B !!/& ' =ean of @ale )niversit7 ( *+*% *4"& Charles Se7mour (S&B *+!& ' (rofessor of Histor7 at @ale )niversit7 ( * !% *,"&1 Chief of Austro%Hun-arian =ivision# American Commission to 9e-otiate (eace# (aris (eace Conference ( * !% * *& Clive =a7 (S&B !*4& ' (rofessor of 6conomic Histor7 at @ale )niversit7 ( *+"% *,3&1 Chief of the Balkan =ivision# American Commission to 9e-otiate (eace at the (aris (eace Conference ( * !% * *& Charlton 5. ;ewis (S&B !!3& ' 6mil7 Sanford (rofessor of 6n-lish at @ale )niversit7 ( !**% *4,& Gustav Gruener (S&B !!/& ' (rofessor of German at @ale )niversit7 ( !*"% *4/& $o<ert 9elson Corwin (S&B !!"& ' (rofessor of German at @ale )niversit7 ( !**% *,,& Henr7 Hallam Tweed7 (S&B !* & ' (rofessor of (ractical Theolo-7 at @ale =ivinit7 School ( *+*% *,"& >ames W. An-ersoll (S&B !*4& ' (rofessor of ;atin at @ale )niversit7 ( !*"% *4 & >ohn Se7mour Thacher (S&B !""& ' (rofessor of Clinical 5edicine at Colum<ia )niversit7 ( *+,% * !& Walter Belkna8 >ames (S&B !"*& ' (rofessor of Clinical 5edicine at Colum<ia )niversit7 ( *+*% * !& Henr7 5c5ahon (ainter (S&B !!/& ' (rofessor of Clinical O<stetrics at Colum<ia )niversit7 ( *+:% *4+& Ale0ander ;am<ert (S&B !!/& ' (rofessor of Clinical 5edicine at Cornell )niversit7 ( !*!% *, & >ohn $o-ers (S&B !!"& ' (rofessor of Clinical Sur-er7 at Cornell )niversit7 5edical Colle-e ( *+*% *43&

Skull & Bones and World War AA ( *,*% */:&


Government OfficialsB Henr7 ;. Stimson (S&B !!!& ' ).S. Secretar7 of War ( */+% */:&1 head of the 5anhattan (roCect (develo8ment of atomic <om<s& Hu-h $. Wilson (S&B *+3& ' ).S. Am<assador to 9aFi German7 ( *,!& Harve7 H. Bund7 (S&B *+*& ' S8ecial Assistant to the Secretar7 of War ( */ % */:& W. Averell Harriman (S&B * ,& ' ).S. Am<assador to the Soviet )nion ( */,% */3&1 Chairman of the <oard of )nion (acific $ailroad Co. ( *,4% */3&1 (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % */3& Archi<ald 5ac;eish (S&B * :& ' Assistant Secretar7 of State for (u<lic and Cultural $elations ( *//% */:&1 ;i<rarian of Con-ress ( *,*%//& 5orris Hadle7 (S&B * 3& ' =e8ut7 =irector of Office of War Anformation ( */ % */4& Artemus ;. Gates (S&B * !& ' Assistant Secretar7 of the 9av7 for Air ( */ % */:& $o<ert A. ;ovett (S&B * !& ' Assistant Secretar7 of War for Air ( */ % */:& $o<ert A. Taft (S&B * +& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%Ohio# *,*% *:,& >ames Wolcott Wadsworth >r. (S&B !*!& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%9ew @ork# *,,% *: & >ohn 5artin 2or7s (S&B * !& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%Ohio# *,*% *:*& BankersB (ierre >a7 (S&B !*4& ' Chairman of the <oard of Fiduciar7 Trust Com8an7 K9ew @ork Cit7L ( *,+% */:& 5ortimer 9orton Buckner (S&B !*:& ' Chairman of the <oard of 9ew @ork Trust Com8an7 ( *4 % */4& Harold Stanle7 (S&B *+!& ' (artner of 5or-an# Stanle7 & Co. ( */ % *::& $o-er B. She8ard (S&B *+!& ' Chairman of the Federal $eserve Bank of 5innea8olis ( */+% *:,& Walter Seth ;o-an (S&B * +& ' 2ice (resident and General Counsel of Federal $eserve Bank of 9ew @ork ( *4!% *:,& Frank (. She8ard (S&B * "& ' 2ice (resident of Bankers Trust Co. ( *,/% *3+& Charles >aco< Stewart (S&B * !& ' 2ice (resident of 9ew @ork Trust Co. ( *,:% */*& Henr7 (. =avison >r. (S&B *4+& ' (artner ( *4*% */+& and 2ice (resident ( */+% */4& of >.(. 5or-an & Co. $a7 5orris (S&B *+ & ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *:3& 6. $oland Harriman (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *"!& (rescott S. Bush (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *"4& ?ni-ht Woolle7 (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *!4& BusinessmenB Geor-e ;. Harrison (S&B * +& ' (resident of 9ew @ork ;ife Ansurance Co. ( */ % */!& H. 9eil 5allon (S&B * "& ' (resident of =resser Andustries# Anc. ( *4*% *:!& Frank Ford $ussell (S&B *43& ' (resident of 9ational Aviation Cor8. ( *,*% *:/& Frederick 6. We7erhaeuser (S&B !*3& ' (resident of We7erhaeuser Tim<er Co. ( *,"% */:& Henr7 >ohn HeinF AA (S&B *, & ' (resident of H.>. HeinF Com8an7 ( */ % *:*& 5orehead (atterson (S&B *4+& ' Chairman ( */,% *34& and (resident ( */ % */,# */"% *:!& of American 5achine & Foundr7 Co. Geor-e Her<ert Walker >r. (S&B *4"& ' General (artner of G.H. Walker & Co. ( *4*% *"/& Chaunce7 >erome Hamlin (S&B *+,& ' 5em<er of the 9ew @ork Stock 60chan-e ( */ % *3,& 5alcolm (ratt Aldrich (S&B *44& ' 60ecutor and Trustee of the estate of 6dward S. Harkness ( */+%c. *:/& ;aw7ersB Henr7 Waters Taft (S&B !!+& ' (artner of Cadwalader# Wickersham & Taft ( !**% */:& William ;lo7d ?itchel (S&B !*4& ' (artner of Cadwalader# Wickersham & Taft Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( * /% */:& Henr7 =eForest Baldwin (S&B !!:& ' 5em<er of ;ord# =a7 & ;ord ( *++% */"& Sherman Baldwin (S&B * *& ' 5em<er of ;ord# =a7 & ;ord ( *4*% *3*& Graham Sumner (S&B !*"& ' 5em<er of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett ( *+/% */3& Thomas =. Thacher (S&B *+/& ' (artner of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett ( *,,% */,& Allen T. ?lots (S&B *+*& ' 5em<er of Winthro8# Stimson# (utnam & $o<erts ( *4 % *3:& Charles 5. S8offord (S&B *4/& ' 5em<er of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( */+% *:+# *:4% *",& 5orris Hadle7 (S&B * 3& ' (artner of 5il<ank# Tweed# Hadle7 & 5cClo7 ( *4/% *"*& =ean Sa-e (S&B !*"& ' 5em<er of Sa-e# Gra7# Todd & Sims Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *+:% */,& ;ee >ames (errin (S&B *+3& ' (artner of A88leton# (errin & Ho7t Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( * 3% */3& 6dward Bancroft Twom<l7 (S&B * 4& ' (artner of (utne7# Twom<l7# Hall & Skidmore Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( * *% *33& >ohn ;oomer Hall (S&B !*/& ' 5em<er of Choate# Hall & Stewart Klaw firm in BostonL ( *+/% *3+& 5arcien >enckes (S&B *4 & ' 5em<er of Choate# Hall & Stewart Klaw firm in BostonL ( *4"% *" & Geor-e Frederick Baer A88el (S&B *4/& ' (artner of Townsend# 6lliott & 5unson Klaw firm in (hiladel8hiaL ( *,!% *"+& William Sin-er 5oorhead (S&B *+3& ' 5em<er of 5oorhead & ?no0 Klaw firm in (itts<ur-hL ( * "% *:4& Anthon7 ;ee 5ichel (S&B *43& ' (artner of Gardner# Carton# =ou-las# Chil-ren & Waud Klaw firm in Chica-oL ( */4% *33& Henr7 Cornick Coke (S&B *43& ' 5em<er of Coke & Coke Klaw firm in =allas# Te0asL ( *,+% *""& Cornelius 6nnis ;om<ardi (S&B * & ' (artner of ;om<ardi# $o<ertson# Fli-- & 5c;ean Klaw firm in ?ansas Cit7# 5issouriL ( *,3% *:3& $ichard 5arden =avis (S&B *,,& ' (artner of =avis# Graham & Stu<<s Klaw firm in =enverL ( *,"%c. *!4&
OthersB Charles Se7mour (S&B *+!& ' (resident of @ale )niversit7 ( *,"% *:+&1 Trustee of World (eace Foundation ( *,*% */:& ;aurence G. Ti-he (S&B * 3& ' Treasurer of @ale )niversit7 ( */4% *:/& Au-ust Sidne7 ;ovett (S&B * ,& ' Cha8lain of @ale )niversit7 ( *,4% *:!& Henr7 $. ;uce (S&B *4+& ' 6ditor%in%Chief of Time# Anc. ( *4,% *3/& William H. Cowles (S&B !!"& ' (u<lisher of Spokane Spokesman&Review ( !*,% */3& Henr7 W. Ho<son (S&B * /& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of Southern Ohio ( *, % *:*& Henr7 Sloane Coffin (S&B !*"& ' (resident of )nion Theolo-ical Seminar7 ( *43% */:& 6dwin A. Burtt (S&B * :& ' (rofessor of (hiloso8h7 at Cornell )niversit7 ( *, % *3+& Frederic C. Walcott (S&B !* & ' $e-ent of the Smithsonian Anstitution ( */ % */!&

Skull & Bones and ?orean War ( *:+% *:,&


Government OfficialsB $o<ert A. ;ovett (S&B * !& ' ).S. Secretar7 of =efense ( *: % *:,&1 Trustee of the $ockefeller Foundation ( */*%>une ,+# *3 & W. Averell Harriman (S&B * ,& ' =irector of 5utual Securit7 A-enc7 ( *: % *:,& Charles 5. S8offord (S&B *4/& ' Chairman of 9orth Atlantic Council of =e8uties and 6uro8ean Coordinatin- Committee ( *:+% *:4& F. Tru<ee =avison (S&B * !& ' =irector of Central Antelli-ence A-enc7 (CAA& for (ersonnel ( *: % *:4& Stanle7 Woodward (S&B *44& ' ).S. Am<assador to Canada ( *:+% *:,& >ames >. Wadsworth (S&B *4"& ' =e8ut7 Administrator of the Federal Civil =efense Administration ( *:+% *:4& $o<ert A. Taft (S&B * +& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%Ohio# *,*% *:,&1 Senate 5aCorit7 ;eader ( *:,& (rescott S. Bush (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *"4&1 ).S. Senator ( *:4% *3,& >ohn Sherman Coo8er (S&B *4,& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%?entuck71 */3% */*# *:4% *::&1 5em<er of the ).S. =ele-ation to the )nited 9ations ( */*% *: & >ames Wolcott Wadsworth >r. (S&B !*!& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%9ew @ork# *,,% *: & >ohn 5artin 2or7s (S&B * !& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%Ohio# *,*% *:*& >. Jui-- 9ewton >r. (S&B *,,& ' 5a7or of =enver# Colorado ( */"% *::& BankersB 6. $oland Harriman (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *"!&1 Chairman of the <oard of )nion (acific $ailroad Co. ( */3% *3*&1 (resident of American $ed Cross ( *:+% *:,& ?ni-ht Woolle7 (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *!4& Ste8hen @. Hord (S&B *4 & ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( */:% *! & $a7 5orris (S&B *+ & ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *:3& Harold Stanle7 (S&B *+!& ' (artner of 5or-an# Stanle7 & Co. ( */ % *::& >ose8h $ichardson =ilworth (S&B *,!& ' (artner of ?uhn# ;oe< & Co. ( *: % *:!& =ean Witter >r. (S&B *//& ' (artner of =ean Witter & Co. ( */3% *"+& Charles >aco< Stewart (S&B * !& ' (resident of 9ew @ork Trust Co. ( */*% *:4& Walter Seth ;o-an (S&B * +& ' 2ice (resident and General Counsel of Federal $eserve Bank of 9ew @ork ( *4!% *:,& BusinessmenB Geor-e ;. Harrison (S&B * +& ' Chairman of the <oard of 9ew @ork ;ife Ansurance Co. ( */!% *:/& 5orehead (atterson (S&B *4+& ' Chairman of the <oard of American 5achine & Foundr7 Co. ( */,% *34& Geor-e Her<ert Walker >r. (S&B *4"& ' General (artner of G.H. Walker & Co. Kfirm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *4*% *"/& >ohn =avock Warren (S&B *4"& ' General (artner of G.H. Walker & Co. Kfirm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *//% *"/& H. 9eil 5allon (S&B * "& ' (resident of =resser Andustries# Anc. Kfirm in =allas# Te0asL ( *4*% *:!& $o<ert Guthrie (a-e (S&B *44& ' (resident of (hel8s =od-e Cor8oration ( */"% *3"& Frank Ford $ussell (S&B *43& ' (resident of 9ational Aviation Cor8. ( *,*% *:/& Henr7 >ohn HeinF AA (S&B *, & ' (resident of H.>. HeinF Com8an7 ( */ % *:*& Henr7 We<< >ohnstone (S&B * 3& ' Senior 2ice (resident of 5erck & Co.# Anc. K8harmaceutical com8an7L ( *:+% *:"& Chaunce7 >erome Hamlin (S&B *+,& ' 5em<er of the 9ew @ork Stock 60chan-e ( */ % *3,& Storer B. ;unt (S&B *4 & ' (resident of W.W. 9orton & Com8an7# Anc. ( */:% *:!& 5alcolm (ratt Aldrich (S&B *44& ' 60ecutor and Trustee of the estate of 6dward S. Harkness ( */+%c. *:/& Charles Christian Haffner >r. (S&B * *& ' Chairman and C6O of $.$. =onnelle7 & Sons Co. KChica-o 8rintin- firmL ( *:4% *3/& Ga7lord =onnelle7 (S&B *, & ' (resident of $.$. =onnelle7 & Sons Co. KChica-o 8rintin- firmL ( *:4% *3/&1 Trustee of )niversit7 of Chica-o ( */"% *!+& ;aw7ersB Allen T. ?lots (S&B *+*& ' 5em<er of Winthro8# Stimson# (utnam & $o<erts Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *4 % *3:& 5orris Hadle7 (S&B * 3& ' (artner of 5il<ank# Tweed# Hadle7 & 5cClo7 ( *4/% *"*& 6dward $o-ers Wardwell (S&B *4"& ' 5em<er of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( */3%c. *"4& Samuel HaFard Gilles8ie >r. (S&B *,4& ' 5em<er of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( */!%4+ & Sherman Baldwin (S&B * *& ' 5em<er of ;ord# =a7 & ;ord ( *4*% *3*& >ohn ;oomer Hall (S&B !*/& ' 5em<er of Choate# Hall & Stewart Klaw firm in BostonL ( *+/% *3+& Harve7 H. Bund7 (S&B *+*& ' 5em<er of Choate# Hall & Stewart Klaw firm in BostonL ( *,,% */ # */:% *3,& 5arcien >enckes (S&B *4 & ' 5em<er of Choate# Hall & Stewart Klaw firm in BostonL ( *4"% *" & Geor-e Frederick Baer A88el (S&B *4/& ' (artner of Townsend# 6lliott & 5unson Klaw firm in (hiladel8hiaL ( *,!% *"+& Henr7 Cornick Coke (S&B *43& ' 5em<er of Coke & Coke Klaw firm in =allas# Te0asL ( *,+% *""& Anthon7 ;ee 5ichel (S&B *43& ' (artner of Gardner# Carton# =ou-las# Chil-ren & Waud Klaw firm in Chica-oL ( */4% *33& $ichard 5arden =avis (S&B *,,& ' (artner of =avis# Graham & Stu<<s Klaw firm in =enverL ( *,"%c. *!4& Cornelius 6nnis ;om<ardi (S&B * & ' (artner of ;om<ardi# $o<ertson# Fli-- & 5c;ean Klaw firm in ?ansas Cit7# 5issouriL ( *,3% *:3& OthersB Henr7 $. ;uce (S&B *4+& ' 6ditor%in%Chief of Time# Anc. ( *4,% *3/& Au-ust Sidne7 ;ovett (S&B * ,& ' Cha8lain of @ale )niversit7 ( *,4% *:!& ;aurence G. Ti-he (S&B * 3& ' Treasurer of @ale )niversit7 ( */4% *:/& Henr7 W. Ho<son (S&B * /& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of Southern Ohio ( *, % *:*& 6dwin A. Burtt (S&B * :& ' (rofessor of (hiloso8h7 at Cornell )niversit7 ( *, % *3+&

Skull & Bones and 2ietnam War ( *3/% *",&


Government OfficialsB W. Averell Harriman (S&B * ,& ' )nder Secretar7 of State for (olitical Affairs ( *3,% *3:&1 Am<assador at ;ar-e ( *3:% *3*&1 ).S. 9e-otiator at the (aris (eace Conference on 2ietnam ( *3!& William (. Bund7 (S&B *,*& ' Assistant Secretar7 of State for 6ast Asian and (acific Affairs ( *3:% *3*& >ohn H. Chafee (S&B */"& ' Secretar7 of the 9av7 ( *3*% *"4&1 Governor of $hode Asland ( *3,% *3*& Charles S. Whitehouse (S&B */"& ' =e8ut7 ).S. Am<assador to South 2ietnam ( *"4% *",&1 ).S. Am<assador to ;aos ( *",% *":& Townsend Hoo8es (S&B *//& ' )nder Secretar7 of the Air Force ( *3"% *3*& >ohn 5. Steadman (S&B *:4& ' General Counsel of the =e8t. of the Air Force ( *3!% *"+&1 S8ecial Asst. to the Sec. of =efense ( *3:% *3!& $ichard C. Steadman (S&B *::& ' =e8ut7 Assistant Secretar7 of =efense for 6ast Asia and (acific Affairs ( *33% *3*& (eter O.A. Sol<ert (S&B */ & ' =e8ut7 Assistant Secretar7 of =efense for Anternational Securit7 Affairs ( *3,% *3:& Arthur >o7 =ra8er (S&B *,"& ' Chief of 5edicine at ).S. 9aval Hos8ital in Oakland ( *3 % *33& Barr7 Morthian (S&B */ & ' Chief ).S. S8okesman and =irector of the >oint ).S. (u<lic Affairs Office in Sai-on ( *3/% *3!& Hu-h Terr7 Cunnin-ham (S&B *,/& ' =irector of Trainin- at the Central Antelli-ence A-enc7 ( *3*% *",& Gas8ard dGAndelot Belin (S&B *,*& ' General Counsel of the Treasur7 =e8artment ( *3,% *3:& Harold Howe AA (S&B */+& ' ).S. Commissioner of 6ducation ( *3:% *3!& >ames >. Wadsworth (S&B *4"& ' 5em<er of Federal Communications Commission ( *3:% *3*& William H. Orrick >r. (S&B *,"& ' Assistant ).S. Attorne7 General for Antitrust =ivision ( *3,% *3:& Winston ;ord (S&B *:*& ' 5em<er of the 9ational Securit7 Council staff ( *3*% *",& >ohn Sherman Coo8er (S&B *4,& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%?entuck71 */3% */*1 *:4% *::1 *:3% *",& >ames ;. Buckle7 (S&B *//& ' ).S. Senator (Conservative (art7%9ew @ork# *" % *""& Thomas William ;udlow D;udE Ashle7 (S&B */!& ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocratic (art7%Ohio# *::% *! & William S. 5oorhead >r. (S&B */:& ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocratic (art7%(enns7lvania# *:*% *! & >onathan Brewster Bin-ham (S&B *,3& ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocratic (art7%9ew @ork# *3:% *!,& Geor-e H.W. Bush (S&B */!& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%Te0as# *3"% *" &1 ).S. $e8. to the )nited 9ations ( *" % *",& (otter Stewart (S&B *,"& ' Associate >ustice of the ).S. Su8reme Court ( *:!% *! & William S. Garnse7 (S&B *,,& ' 5em<er of the Colorado State Senate ( *3"% *"/& Frank A. ?em8 (S&B */4& ' 5em<er of the Colorado State Senate ( *33% *"+& Arthur $. Giesen >r. (S&B *:/& ' 5em<er of the 2ir-inia State House of =ele-ates ( *3/% *"/# *"3% **:& =avid ;. Boren (S&B *3,& ' 5em<er of the Oklahoma State House of $e8resentatives ( *3"% *":& BankersB (rescott S. Bush (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *"4& ?ni-ht Woolle7 (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *!4& $o<ert A. ;ovett (S&B * !& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *:,% *!3& Ste8hen @. Hord (S&B *4 & ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( */:% *! & >ohn Beckwith 5adden (S&B */ & ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *::% *!!& ;ewis A<<ot ;a8ham (S&B *, & ' 2ice Chairman of Bankers Trust Co. ( *33% *"/& William $edmond Cross >r. (S&B */ & ' Senior 2ice (resident of 5or-an Guarant7 Trust Co. ( *3/% *",& =ean Witter >r. (S&B *//& ' (artner of =ean Witter & Co. ( */3% *"+& 2ance 2an =ine (S&B */*& ' (artner of 5or-an Stanle7 & Co. ( *3,% *":& Charles 6dwin ;ord (S&B */*& ' Chairman of the <oard of Allied Bank Anternational ( *3!% *"3& =aniel (. =avison (S&B */*& ' 2ice (resident of 5or-an Guarant7 Trust Co. ( *3 % *",& Thomas $odd (S&B *,:& ' 60ecutive 2ice (resident ( *3:% *" & and 2ice Chairman ( *" % *"3& of 5or-an Guarant7 Trust Co. Arvin- Seaman >r. (S&B */:& ' Chairman of the e0ecutive committee and C6O of 9ational Boulevard Bank KChica-oL ( *33% *"3& BusinessmenB >ose8h $ichardson =ilworth (S&B *,!& ' Chairman of the <oard of $ockefeller Center# Anc. ( *33% *!4& $o<ert Guthrie (a-e (S&B *44& ' Chairman of the <oard of (hel8s =od-e Cor8oration ( *3"% *"+& >ohn Hancock =aniels (S&B */,& ' Chairman of Archer%=aniels%5idland Co. ( *3"% *"4& Henr7 >ohn HeinF AA (S&B *, & ' Chairman of the <oard of H.>. HeinF Com8an7 ( *:*% *!"& William H. =onaldson (S&B *:,& ' Chairman and C6O of =onaldson# ;ufkin & >enrette# Anc. K9ew @ork Cit7L ( *:*% *",& Geor-e Her<ert Walker >r. (S&B *4"& ' General (artner of G.H. Walker & Co. ( *4*% *"/& Geor-e Her<ert Walker AAA (S&B *:,& ' General (artner of G.H. Walker & Co. ( *3 % *"/& >onathan >. Bush (S&B *:,& ' General (artner of G.H. Walker & Co. ( *3+% *"+& >ohn =avock Warren (S&B *4"& ' General (artner of G.H. Walker & Co. Kfirm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *//% *"/& $o<ert Hai-h Gow (S&B *::& ' (resident of Ma8ata KOilL Cor8. ( *3/% *"+& Storer B. ;unt (S&B *4 & ' Chairman ( *:!%c. *3!& and (resident ( */:% *:!& of W.W. 9orton & Com8an7# Anc. William Thom8son ;usk (S&B *4/& ' (resident of Tiffan7 & Co. K9ew @ork Cit7L ( *::% *3"& >ohn Warner Field (S&B *,"& ' (resident and C6O of Warnaco# Anc. ( *:"% *"/& William H. =ra8er AAA (S&B *:+& ' Founder and General (artner of Sutter Hill 2entures Kfirm in (alo Alto# CaliforniaL ( *3:% *! & Ga7lord =onnelle7 (S&B *, & ' Chairman of the <oard of $.$. =onnelle7 & Sons Co. KChica-o 8rintin- firmL ( *3/% *":&1 Trustee of )niversit7 of Chica-o ( */"% *!+& Or-aniFationsB 5cGeor-e Bund7 (S&B */+& ' (resident of Ford Foundation ( *33% *"*&1 9ational Securit7 Advisor ( *3 % *33& 6. $oland Harriman (S&B * "& ' Chairman of American $ed Cross ( *:/% *",&1 (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. >. Jui-- 9ewton >r. (S&B *,,& ' (resident of The Commonwealth Fund ( *3,% *":& 5orris Hadle7 (S&B * 3& ' Chairman of Carne-ie Cor8oration of 9ew @ork ( *::% *33& Anson (hel8s Stokes >r. (S&B *4"& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of 5assachusetts ( *:3% *"+&

;aw7ersB Charles 5. S8offord (S&B *4/& ' 5em<er of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( */+% *:+# *:4% *",& 6dward $o-ers Wardwell (S&B *4"& ' 5em<er of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( */3%c. *"4& Samuel HaFard Gilles8ie >r. (S&B *,4& ' 5em<er of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( */!%4+ & (eter O.A. Sol<ert (S&B */ & ' (artner of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( *:"% *3,# *3:% *!*& 6dward Snover $eid AAA (S&B *: & ' (artner of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( *3/% **:& Harold H. Heal7 >r. (S&B */,& ' (artner of =e<evoise & (lim8ton ( *:*% *!*& >ohn Baker >essu8 (S&B */4& ' (artner of Winthro8# Stimson# (utnam & $o<erts ( *:*% **,& 6ndicott (ea<od7 =avison (S&B */:& ' (artner of Winthro8# Stimson# (utnam & $o<erts ( *:*% *!+& 5orris Hadle7 (S&B * 3& ' (artner of 5il<ank# Tweed# Hadle7 & 5cClo7 ( *4/% *"*& William 6ldred >ackson (S&B */ & ' (artner of 5il<ank# Tweed# Hadle7 & 5cClo7 ( *:/% ***& Sherman Baldwin (S&B * *& ' 5em<er of ;ord# =a7 & ;ord ( *4*% *3*& Alfred O-den (S&B *,4& ' (artner of Ale0ander & Green ( *::% *":& >ohn Care7 (S&B */:W& ' (artner of Coudert Brothers Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *3 % *!"& 5arcien >enckes (S&B *4 & ' 5em<er of Choate# Hall & Stewart Klaw firm in BostonL ( *4"% *" & Gas8ard dGAndelot Belin (S&B *,*& ' (artner of Choate# Hall & Stewart Klaw firm in BostonL ( *::% *34# *3:% **+& Geor-e Frederick Baer A88el (S&B *4/& ' (artner of Townsend# 6lliott & 5unson Klaw firm in (hiladel8hiaL ( *,!% *"+& Henr7 Cornick Coke (S&B *43& ' 5em<er of Coke & Coke Klaw firm in =allas# Te0asL ( *,+% *""& $ichard 5arden =avis (S&B *,,& ' (artner of =avis# Graham & Stu<<s Klaw firm in =enverL ( *,"%c. *!4& =onald Wri-ht Hoa-land (S&B */,& ' (artner of =avis# Graham & Stu<<s Klaw firm in =enverL ( *: % *3,# *33% *!"& Geor-e Alfred $anne7 (S&B *,/& ' General Counsel of Anland Steel Co. KChica-oL ( *34% *3!& =avid C. Acheson (S&B */,& ' General Counsel of Communications Satellite Cor8. ( *3"% *"/& Colle-esB >ohn 6dwin 6cklund (S&B *,!& ' Treasurer of @ale )niversit7 ( *33% *"!& $eu<en A. Holden (S&B */+& ' Secretar7 of @ale )niversit7 ( *:,% *" & William Sloane Coffin >r. (S&B */*& ' Cha8lain of @ale )niversit7 ( *:!% *"3& Howard Sa7re Weaver (S&B */!& ' =ean of the @ale School of Art and Architecture ( *3"% *"/& =elane7 ?i8huth (S&B */ & ' =irector of Athletics at @ale )niversit7 ( *:/% *"3& ;awrence ?. (ickett (S&B */ & ' (rofessor of Sur-er7 and (ediatrics at @ale School of 5edicine ( *3/% *!/& Franklin Henr7 6llis >r. (S&B */ & ' (rofessor of Sur-er7 at 5a7o Graduate School of 5edicine ( *3/% *"+& OthersB William F. Buckle7# >r. (S&B *:+& ' 6ditor%in%Chief of National Review ma-aFine ( *::% **+& $al8h =. (aine >r. (S&B *4*& ' (u<lisher of Fortune ma-aFine ( *:,% *3"& >ohn For<es ?err7 (S&B *33& ' 9av7 ;ieutenant durin- the 2ietnam War1 8rominent anti%2ietnam War activist Geor-e W. Bush (S&B *3!& ' ;ieutenant in the Te0as Air 9ational Guard durin- the 2ietnam War

Skull & Bones and Aran%AraN War ( *!+% *!!& and (ersian Gulf War ( ** &
Government OfficialsB Geor-e H.W. Bush (S&B */!& ' (resident of the )nited States ( *!*% **,&1 2ice (resident of the )nited States ( *! % *!*& >ohn H. Chafee (S&B */"& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%$hode Asland# *"3% ***& =avid ;. Boren (S&B *3,& ' ).S. Senator (=emocratic (art7%Oklahoma# *"*% **/& >ohn For<es ?err7 (S&B *33& ' ).S. Senator (=emocratic (art7%5assachusetts# *!:%4+ ,& >ames ;. Buckle7 (S&B *//& ' >ud-e of the ).S. Court of A88eals for the =istrict of Colum<ia Circuit ( *!:% **3& Charles Sherman Hai-ht >r. (S&B *:4& ' >ud-e of the ).S. =istrict Court for the Southern =istrict of 9ew @ork ( *"3% **:& =ou-las (. Woodlock (S&B *3*& ' >ud-e of the ).S. =istrict Court for the =istrict of 5assachusetts ( *!3%8resent& $ichard Anthon7 5oore (S&B *,3& ' ).S. Am<assador to Areland ( *!*% **4& (aul C. ;am<ert (S&B *:+& ' ).S. Am<assador to 6cuador ( **+% **4& =avid Geor-e Ball (S&B *3+& ' Assistant Secretar7 of ;a<or for (ension and Welfare Benefits ( *!*% **,& 2ictor H. Ashe (S&B *3"& ' 5a7or of ?no0ville# Tennessee ( *!"%4++,& Arthur $. Giesen >r. (S&B *:/& ' 5em<er of the 2ir-inia State House of =ele-ates ( *3/% *"/# *"3% **:& BankersB $o<ert A. ;ovett (S&B * !& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % */+# */3% */"# */*% *:+# *:,% *!3& Gran-er ?. Costik7an (S&B *4*& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *3*% **!& >ohn Beckwith 5adden (S&B */ & ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *::% *!!& Ale0ander T. 6rcklentF (S&B *:*& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *"!%8resent& W. Averell Harriman (S&B * ,& ' ;imited (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( */3% *!3& Geor-e Harold (fau >r. (S&B */!& ' Senior 2ice (resident of (aine We<<er KacNuired <7 )BSL ( *"*%c.4++/& 2ance 2an =ine (S&B */*& ' 5ana-in- =irector of 5or-an Stanle7 & Co. ( *"+% *!,& 6van G. Gal<raith (S&B *:+& ' 5ana-in- =irector of =illon# $ead & Co. ( *":% *! &1 ).S. Am<assador to France ( *! % *!:& Charles Au-ustus Frank AAA (S&B *3,& ' Senior 2ice (resident of )nited States Trust Com8an7 of 9ew @ork ( *"/% *!*& =aniel (. =avison (S&B */*& ' Chairman and C6O of ).S. Trust Co. ( *!4% *!*&1 (resident of ).S. Trust Co. ( *"*% *!4& Ste8hen A. SchwarFman (S&B *3*& ' Chairman and C6O of The Blackstone Grou8 ( *!:%8resent& BusinessmenB William H. DBillE =onaldson (S&B *:,& ' Chairman of the <oard of 9ew @ork Stock 60chan-e ( ** % **:& $ussell W. 5e7er >r. (S&B *:/& ' Chairman and C6O of Cessna Aircraft Co. ( *":%4+++# 4++4%4++,& 2ernon $. ;oucks >r. (S&B *:"& ' Chairman and C6O of Ba0ter Anternational Anc. Khealth care com8an7L ( *!"% **!& Frederick W. Smith (S&B *33& ' Chairman and C6O of Federal 608ress KFed60 Cor8.L ( *":%8resent& Thomas B. Wheeler (S&B *:!& ' (resident and C6O of 5assachusetts 5utual ;ife Ansurance Co. ( *!!% ***& =avid =ou<leda7 Hol<rook (S&B *3+& ' (resident ( *!!% **/& and Co%C6O ( **4% **/& of 5arsh & 5c;ennan# Anc. Thomas B. $oss (S&B *: & ' Senior 2ice (resident of Hill and ?nowlton ( **+% **/& ;aw7ersB William 6ldred >ackson (S&B */ & ' (artner of 5il<ank# Tweed# Hadle7 & 5cClo7 Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *:/% ***&1 2ice Chairman of Anternational Court of Ar<itration ( *!!% **/& 6dward Snover $eid AAA (S&B *: & ' (artner of =avis# (olk & Wardwell Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *3/% **:& >onathan C. $ose (S&B *3,& ' (artner of >ones# =a7# $eavis & (o-ue Klaw firm in Washin-ton# =.C.L ( *""% *! # *!/%8resent& =avid Alan $ichards (S&B *3"& ' (artner of Sidle7 & Austin Klaw firm in Chica-o and 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *!,%4+++& =onald 6tra (S&B *3!& ' (artner of Sidle7 & Austin Klaw firm in Chica-o and ;os An-elesL ( *!,% **:& $o<ert =. 5cCallum >r. (S&B *3!& ' (artner of Alston & Bird Klaw firm in AtlantaL ( *"*%4++ & $ichard Alan Sau<er (S&B *"4& ' (artner of Fried# Frank# Harris# Shriver & >aco<son Klaw firm in Washin-ton# =.C.L ( *!:%4++"& Gas8ard dGAndelot Belin (S&B *,*& ' (artner of Choate# Hall & Stewart Klaw firm in BostonL ( *::% *34# *3:% **+& Geor-e >. =unn (S&B *:"& ' Senior 2ice (resident and General Counsel of B( America# Anc. and Standard Oil (Ohio& ( *"/% **!& (rofessorsB 5cGeor-e Bund7 (S&B */+& ' (rofessor of Histor7 at 9ew @ork )niversit7 ( *"*% *!*& $o<ert Francis Gie-en-ack >r. (S&B *3+& ' (rofessor of Geolo-7 at )niversit7 of (enns7lvania ( *!"%8resent& William =. 9ordhaus (S&B *3,& ' (rofessor of 6conomics at @ale )niversit7 ( *",%8resent& Charles A. (ulaski >r. (S&B *3/& ' (rofessor of ;aw at )niversit7 of Aowa ( *"4% *!+&1 (rofessor of ;aw at AriFona State )niv. ( *!+% *!3& Thomas =. $owe >r. (S&B *3/& ' (rofessor of ;aw at =uke )niversit7 ( *"*%8resent& Brian C. 5urchison (S&B *"/& ' (rofessor of ;aw at Washin-ton and ;ee )niversit7 School of ;aw ( **+%8resent& OthersB William H. =ra8er AAA (S&B *:+& ' Administrator of )nited 9ations =evelo8ment (ro-ramme K)9=(L ( *!3% **,& Winston ;ord (S&B *:*& ' (resident of the Council on Forei-n $elations ( *""% *!:&1 ).S. Am<assador to Communist China ( *!:% *!*& William F. Buckle7 >r. (S&B *:+& ' 6ditor%at%;ar-e of National Review ma-aFine ( ** %4++/& >ohn H.F. Shattuck (S&B *3:& ' 2ice (resident for Government# Communit7 and (u<lic Affairs at Harvard )niversit7 ( *!/% **,&

Skull & Bones and ?osovo War (Fe<ruar7 4!# **!%>une 4 # ***&
Government OfficialsB >ohn For<es ?err7 (S&B *33& ' ).S. Senator (=emocratic (art7%5assachusetts# *!:%4+ ,& >ohn H. Chafee (S&B */"& ' ).S. Senator ($%$hode Asland# =ecem<er 4!# *"3%Octo<er 4/# ***& >ohn H.F. Shattuck (S&B *3:& ' ).S. Am<assador to CFech $e8u<lic ( **!%4+++& =ou-las (. Woodlock (S&B *3*& ' >ud-e of the ).S. =istrict Court for the =istrict of 5assachusetts ( *!3%8resent& >ohn 5. Steadman (S&B *:4& ' >ud-e of the =istrict of Colum<ia Court of A88eals ( *!:%4++/& 2ictor H. Ashe (S&B *3"& ' 5a7or of ?no0ville# Tennessee ( *!"%4++,& Bankers and BusinessmenB Ale0ander T. 6rcklentF (S&B *:*& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *"!%8resent& Ste8hen A. SchwarFman (S&B *3*& ' Chairman and C6O of The Blackstone Grou8 ( *!:%8resent& Geor-e Harold (fau >r. (S&B */!& ' Senior 2ice (resident of (aine We<<er KacNuired <7 )BSL ( *"*%c.4++/& $ussell W. 5e7er >r. (S&B *:/& ' Chairman and C6O of Cessna Aircraft Co. ( *":%4+++# 4++4%4++,& 2ernon $. ;oucks >r. (S&B *:"& ' Chairman and C6O of Ba0ter Anternational Anc. Khealth care com8an7L ( *!"% **!& Frederick W. Smith (S&B *33& ' Chairman and C6O of Federal 608ress KFed60 Cor8.L ( *":%8resent& Thomas B. Wheeler (S&B *:!& ' (resident and C6O of 5assachusetts 5utual ;ife Ansurance Co. ( *!!% ***& William F. Buckle7 >r. (S&B *:+& ' 6ditor%at%;ar-e of National Review ma-aFine ( ** %4++/& ;aw7ersB William 6ldred >ackson (S&B */ & ' (artner of 5il<ank# Tweed# Hadle7 & 5cClo7 Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *:/% ***& >onathan C. $ose (S&B *3,& ' (artner of >ones# =a7# $eavis & (o-ue Klaw firm in Washin-ton# =.C.L ( *""% *! # *!/%8resent& =avid Alan $ichards (S&B *3"& ' (artner of Sidle7 & Austin Klaw firm in Chica-o and 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *!,%4+++& $o<ert =. 5cCallum >r. (S&B *3!& ' (artner of Alston & Bird Klaw firm in AtlantaL ( *"*%4++ & $ichard Alan Sau<er (S&B *"4& ' (artner of Fried# Frank# Harris# Shriver & >aco<son Klaw firm in Washin-ton# =.C.L ( *!:%4++"& Colle-e Administrators and (rofessorsB =avid ;. Boren (S&B *3,#& ' (resident of )niversit7 of Oklahoma ( **/%8resent& $. ?eith Walton (S&B *!3& ' 60ecutive 2ice (resident and Secretar7 of Colum<ia )niversit7 ( **3%4++"& William =. 9ordhaus (S&B *3,& ' (rofessor of 6conomics at @ale )niversit7 ( *",%8resent& $o<ert Francis Gie-en-ack >r. (S&B *3+& ' (rofessor of Geolo-7 at )niversit7 of (enns7lvania ( *!"%8resent& Brian C. 5urchison (S&B *"/& ' (rofessor of ;aw at Washin-ton and ;ee )niversit7 School of ;aw ( **+%8resent& Thomas =udle7 $owe >r. (S&B *3/& ' 6lvin $. ;att7 (rofessor of ;aw at =uke )niversit7 ( **3%8resent&

Skull & Bones and Second (ersian Gulf War (4++,&


Government OfficialsB Geor-e W. Bush (S&B *3!& ' (resident of the )nited States (4++ %4++*& $o<ert =. 5cCallum >r. (S&B *3!& ' Assistant ).S. Attorne7 General for the Civil =ivision (4++ %4++,& =ou-las (. Woodlock (S&B *3*& ' >ud-e of the ).S. =istrict Court for the =istrict of 5assachusetts ( *!3%8resent& >ohn 5. Steadman (S&B *:4& ' >ud-e of the =istrict of Colum<ia Court of A88eals ( *!:%4++/& >ohn For<es ?err7 (S&B *33& ' ).S. Senator (=emocratic (art7%5assachusetts# *!:%4+ ,& 2ictor H. Ashe (S&B *3"& ' 5a7or of ?no0ville# Tennessee ( *!"%4++,& Bankers# Businessmen# and ;aw7ersB Ale0ander T. 6rcklentF (S&B *:*& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *"!%8resent& Ste8hen A. SchwarFman (S&B *3*& ' Chairman and C6O of The Blackstone Grou8 ( *!:%8resent& Geor-e Harold (fau >r. (S&B */!& ' Senior 2ice (resident of (aine We<<er KacNuired <7 )BSL ( *"*%c.4++/& Frederick W. Smith (S&B *33& ' Chairman and C6O of Federal 608ress KFed60 Cor8.L ( *":%8resent& Thomas B. $oss (S&B *: & ' 2ice (resident for Government $elations of ;oral S8ace and Communications ( **:%4++,& >onathan C. $ose (S&B *3,& ' (artner of >ones# =a7# $eavis & (o-ue KWashin-ton# =.C.L ( *""% *! # *!/%8resent& =onald 6tra (S&B *3!& ' Head of Law -ffi%es of .onald Etra in ;os An-eles ( **:%8resent& 6dward Snover $eid AAA (S&B *: & ' Senior Counsel of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( **3%8resent& Colle-es# 5edia# and Or-aniFationsB =avid ;. Boren (S&B *3,& ' (resident of )niversit7 of Oklahoma ( **/%8resent& $. ?eith Walton (S&B *!3& ' 60ecutive 2ice (resident and Secretar7 of Colum<ia )niversit7 ( **3%4++"& William =. 9ordhaus (S&B *3,& ' Sterlin- (rofessor of 6conomics at @ale )niversit7 (4++ %8resent& Howard Frank Gillette >r. (S&B *3/& ' (rofessor of Histor7 at $ut-ers )niversit7 ( ***%8resent& Thomas =udle7 $owe >r. (S&B *3/& ' 6lvin $. ;att7 (rofessor of ;aw at =uke )niversit7 ( **3%8resent& Brian C. 5urchison (S&B *"/& ' (rofessor of ;aw at Washin-ton and ;ee )niversit7 School of ;aw ( **+%8resent& William H. =onaldson (S&B *:,& ' Chairman of Carne-ie 6ndowment for Anternational (eace ( ***%4++,& William F. Buckle7# >r. (S&B *:+& ' 6ditor%at%;ar-e of National Review ma-aFine ( ** %4++/& Geor-e H.W. Bush (S&B */!& ' former (resident of the )nited States1 shareholder of The Carl7le Grou8 Winston ;ord (S&B *:*& ' 5em<er of the Council on Forei-n $elations $o<ert W. ?a-an (S&B *!+& ' Co%Founder of (roCect for the 9ew American Centur7 ((9AC&1 5em<er of the Council on Forei-n $elations

S&ull % Bones and 2he

reat *e3ression (/-,--/-4-)

Government OfficialsB Henr7 ;. Stimson (S&B !!!& ' ).S. Secretar7 of State ( *4*% *,,& Harve7 H. Bund7 (S&B *+*& ' Assistant Secretar7 of State ( *, % *,,& Thomas =. Thacher (S&B *+/& ' Solicitor General of the )nited States ( *,+% *,,& F. Tru<ee =avison (S&B * !& ' Assistant Secretar7 of War for Air ( *43% *,,& =avid S. An-alls (S&B *4+& ' Assistant Secretar7 of the 9av7 for Air ( *4*% *,4& Hu-h $. Wilson (S&B *+3& ' ).S. 5inister to SwitFerland ( *4"% *,"& 6. Sheldon Whitehouse (S&B *+:& ' ).S. 5inister to Guatemala ( *,+% *,,&1 ).S. 5inister to Colom<ia ( *,,% *,/& Frederick Flower $o<inson (S&B *4"& ' =e8ut7 Administrator of 9ational $ecover7 Administration ( *,,% *,/& Frederic C. Walcott (S&B !* & ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%Connecticut# *4*% *,:& >ames Wolcott Wadsworth >r. (S&B !*!& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%9ew @ork# *,,% *: & (erc7 Hamilton Stewart (S&B !*+& ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocratic (art7%9ew >erse7# *, % *,,& Howard 5alcolm Baldri-e (S&B * !& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%9e<raska# *, % *,,& William Howard Taft (S&B !"!& ' Chief >ustice of the ).S. Su8reme Court ( *4 % *,+& Wil<ur Franklin Booth (S&B !!/& ' >ud-e of the ).S. Court of A88eals for the 6i-hth Circuit KSt. ;ouisL ( *4:% *,4& Gifford (inchot (S&B !!*& ' Governor of (enns7lvania ( *4,% *4"# *, % *,:& Frederic ?ernochan (S&B !*!& ' Chief >ustice of Court of S8ecial Sessions of 9ew @ork Cit7 ( * 3% *,"& BankersB Geor-e ;. Harrison (S&B * +& ' (resident of the Federal $eserve Bank of 9ew @ork ( *4!% */+& Walter Seth ;o-an (S&B * +& ' 2ice (resident and General Counsel of Federal $eserve Bank of 9ew @ork ( *4!% *:,& Stanford Ta88an Cra8o (S&B !!3& ' Class B =irector of the Federal $eserve Bank of Chica-o ( *44% *,!& Thomas Cochran (S&B !*/& ' (artner of >.(. 5or-an & Co. ( * "% *,3&1 Chairman of the <oard of Bankers Trust Co. ( *,3& Harold Stanle7 (S&B *+!& ' (artner of >.(. 5or-an & Co. ( *4!% *,:&1 (resident of 5or-an# Stanle7 & Co. ( *,:% */ & Henr7 (. =avison >r. (S&B *4+& ' (artner of >.(. 5or-an & Co. ( *4*% */+& (ierre >a7 (S&B !*4& ' Chairman of the <oard of Fiduciar7 Trust Com8an7 K9ew @ork Cit7L ( *,+% */:& 5ortimer 9orton Buckner (S&B !*:& ' Chairman of the <oard of 9ew @ork Trust Co. ( *4 % */4& Artemus ;. Gates (S&B * !& ' (resident of 9ew @ork Trust Co. ( *4*% */ & Samuel $. Bertron (S&B !!:& ' (resident of Bertron# Griscom & Com8an7# Anc.# international financiers ( * 4% *,!& W. Averell Harriman (S&B * ,& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % */3& 6. $oland Harriman (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *"!& (rescott S. Bush (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *"4& ?ni-ht Woolle7 (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *!4& $a7 5orris (S&B *+ & ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *:3& 6ller7 S. >ames (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *,4& ;aurence G. Ti-he (S&B * 3& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *,/& $o<ert A. ;ovett (S&B * !& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % */+# */3% */"# */*% *:+# *:,% *!3& Businessmen and ;aw7ersB W. Averell Harriman (S&B * ,& ' Chairman of the <oard of )nion (acific $ailroad Co. ( *,4% */3& Fairfa0 Harrison (S&B !*+& ' (resident of Southern $ailwa7 Co. ( * ,% *,"& H. 9eil 5allon (S&B * "& ' (resident of =resser Andustries# Anc. ( *4*% *:!& Geor-e Her<ert Walker >r. (S&B *4"& ' General (artner of G.H. Walker & Co. ( *4*% *"/& Frederick Winthro8 Allen (S&B *++& ' Chairman of =unlo8 Tire & $u<<er Com8an7 ( *,+% *,,& $ichard 5. Hurd (S&B !!!& ' (resident ( *+,% *,,& and Chairman of the <oard ( *,,% */ & of ;aw7ers 5ort-a-e Cor8oration Henr7 $. ;uce (S&B *4+& ' 6ditor%in%Chief of Time# Anc. ( *4,% *3/&1 founder of Time and Life ma-aFines William H. Cowles (S&B !!"& ' (u<lisher of Spokane Spokesman&Review ( !*,% */3& Graham Sumner (S&B !*"& ' 5em<er of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett ( *+/% */3& Howard 5ansfield (S&B !" & ' Senior (artner of ;ord# =a7 & ;ord Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *+!% *,!& Henr7 =eForest Baldwin (S&B !!:& ' 5em<er of ;ord# =a7 & ;ord ( *++% */"& Sherman Baldwin (S&B * *& ' 5em<er of ;ord# =a7 & ;ord ( *4*% *3*& Allen T. ?lots (S&B *+*& ' 5em<er of Winthro8# Stimson# (utnam & $o<erts ( *4 % *3:&1 S8ec. Asst. to ).S. Sec. of State ( *, % *,4& Hamilton Hadle7 (S&B * *& ' (artner of Winthro8# Stimson# (utnam & $o<erts ( *4*% */+& Henr7 Waters Taft (S&B !!+& ' (artner of Cadwalader# Wickersham & Taft ( !**% */:& =ean Sa-e (S&B !*"& ' 5em<er of Sa-e# Gra7# Todd & Sims Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *+:% */,& ;ee >ames (errin (S&B *+3& ' (artner of A88leton# (errin & Ho7t Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( * 3% */3& William Sin-er 5oorhead (S&B *+3& ' 5em<er of 5oorhead & ?no0 Klaw firm in (itts<ur-hL ( * "% *:4& >ohn ;oomer Hall (S&B !*/& ' 5em<er of Choate# Hall & Stewart Klaw firm in BostonL ( *+/% *3+& Colle-es and Or-aniFationsB Arthur Howe (S&B * 4& ' (resident of Ham8ton Anstitute ( *, % */+& Henr7 Sloane Coffin (S&B !*"& ' (resident of )nion Theolo-ical Seminar7 ( *43% */:& Au-ust Sidne7 ;ovett (S&B * ,& ' Cha8lain of @ale )niversit7 ( *,4% *:!& Henr7 S. Graves (S&B !*4& ' =ean of @ale School of Forestr7 ( *++% *,*& Stanho8e Ba7ne%>ones (S&B * +& ' =ean of @ale School of 5edicine ( *,:% */+& Charles Se7mour (S&B *+!& ' (rovost of @ale )niversit7 ( *4"% *,"& Amos (arker Wilder (S&B !!/& ' Trustee of @ale%in%China ( * !% *,+& Samuel Clarke Bushnell (S&B !"/& ' Trustee of @ale%in%China ( *4 % *,+& ;ansin- (. $eed (S&B *+/& ' Trustee of @ale%in%China ( *4!% *,"&1 5em<er of =avis# (olk# Wardwell# Gardiner & $eed ( * :% *,"& BenCamin Brewster (S&B !!4& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of 5aine ( * 3% */ & Thomas F. =avies (S&B !*/& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of Western 5assachusetts ( * % *,3& Henr7 W. Ho<son (S&B * /& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of Southern Ohio ( *, % *:*& Anson (hel8s Stokes (S&B !*3& ' Trustee of the $ockefeller Foundation ( *4!% *,4&

Skull & Bones and Chinese $evolution of Octo<er +# *

(Wuchan- )8risin-&

Government OfficialsB William Howard Taft (S&B !"!& ' (resident of the )nited States ( *+*% * ,& Franklin 5ac2ea-h (S&B !34& ' Secretar7 of the Treasur7 ( *+*% * ,& Henr7 ;. Stimson (S&B !!!& ' Secretar7 of War (5a7 44# * ' 5arch /# * ,& Amos (arker Wilder (S&B !!/& ' ).S. Consul%General in Shan-hai# China ( *+*% * /& Thomas ;ee 5cClun- (S&B !*4& ' Treasurer of the )nited States ( *+*% * 4& Henr7 S. Graves (S&B !*4& ' Chief of the ).S. Forest Service ( * +% *4+& BenCamin S. Ca<le (S&B !*:& ' Assistant Secretar7 of Commerce and ;a<or ( *+*% * ,& Asa (almer French (S&B !!4& ' ).S. Attorne7 for the =istrict of 5assachusetts ( *+3% * /& >ohn Trum<ull $o<inson (S&B !*,& ' ).S. Attorne7 for the =istrict of Connecticut ( *+!% * 4& ;eBaron Bradford Colt (S&B !3!& ' >ud-e of the ).S. Court of A88eals for the First Circuit KBostonL ( !!/% * ,& Geor-e Chandler Holt (S&B !33& ' >ud-e of ).S. =istrict Court for the Southern =istrict of 9ew @ork K9ew @ork Cit7L ( *+,% * /& Geor-e (ea<od7 Wetmore (S&B !3"& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%$hode Asland# !*:% *+"# *+!% * ,& Frank Bosworth Brande-ee (S&B !!:& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%Connecticut# *+:% *4/& 6dwin F. Sweet (S&B !" & ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocratic (art7%5ichi-an# * % * ,& William ?ent (S&B !!"& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%California# * % * "& Francis Burton Harrison (S&B !*:& ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocratic (art7%9ew @ork# *+,% *+:# *+"% * ,&1 Governor General of the (hili88ines ( * ,% *4 & Simeon 6. Baldwin (S&B !3 & ' Governor of Connecticut (=emocratic (art71 >anuar7 /# * %>anuar7 3# * :& Arthur ;effin-well Shi8man (S&B !!3& ' Cor8oration Counsel of Hartford# Connecticut ( *+/% *+!# * +% * 4& William Her<ert Cor<in (S&B !!*& ' Ta0 Commissioner of Connecticut ( *+"% *4+& ;aw7ersB Thomas Thacher (S&B !" & ' Co%Founder and 5em<er of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( !":% * *& (hili8 G. Bartlett (S&B !! & ' (artner of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett ( !*+% *, & Thomas 5ills =a7 (S&B !!3& ' 5em<er of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett ( !*!% * "& Henr7 Waters Taft (S&B !!+& ' (artner of Cadwalader# Wickersham & Taft Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( !**% */:& >ohn William Sterlin- (S&B !3/& ' Co%Founder and 5em<er of Shearman & Sterlin- Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( !",% * !& Howard 5ansfield (S&B !" & ' Senior (artner of ;ord# =a7 & ;ord ( *+!% *,!& Henr7 =eForest Baldwin (S&B !!:& ' 5em<er of ;ord# =a7 & ;ord Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *++% */"& Charles Wheeler (ierson (S&B !!3& ' 5em<er of Ale0ander & Green Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *++% *4*& Charles Bu0ton Ho<<s (S&B !!:& ' 5em<er of Gifford# Ho<<s & Beard Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *+/% *4,& Anson 5cCook Beard (S&B !*:& ' 5em<er of Gifford# Ho<<s & Beard Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *+,% *4,& >ohn ;oomer Hall (S&B !*/& ' 5em<er of Choate# Hall & Stewart Klaw firm in BostonL ( *+/% *3+& >ames 5ulford Townsend (S&B !"/& ' General Counsel of 6.A. du (ont de 9emours (owder Com8an7 ( *+,% * ,& BusinessmenB Otto T. Bannard (S&B !"3& ' (resident of 9ew @ork Trust Com8an7 ( *+/% * 3& (ierre >a7 (S&B !*4& ' 2ice (resident of 5anhattan Com8an7 K9ew @ork Cit7L ( *+*% * /& Thomas Cochran (S&B !*/& ' 2ice (resident of Astor Trust Com8an7 ( *+3% * /& Harr7 (a7ne Whitne7 (S&B !*/& ' 5em<er of the <oard of directors of Guarant7 Trust Co. of 9ew @ork ( !**% *,+& Fairfa0 Harrison (S&B !*+& ' (resident of Chica-o# Andiana8olis & ;ouisville $ailwa7 Com8an7 Kin Chica-oL ( * +% * ,& Charles Ho8kins Clark (S&B !" & ' (resident and 6ditor%in%Chief of )artford $ourant ( !*+% *43& Colle-e Administrators and (rofessorsB Arthur Twinin- Hadle7 (S&B !"3& ' (resident of @ale )niversit7 ( !**% *4 & Anson (hel8s Stokes (S&B !*3& ' Secretar7 of @ale )niversit7 ( !**% *4 & >ohn C. Schwa< (S&B !!3& ' ;i<rarian of @ale )niversit7 ( *+:% * 3& >ames W. Williams (S&B *+!& ' mem<er of facult7 of @ale%in%China at Chan-sha# China ( * 3% *44& >ohn Se7mour Thacher (S&B !""& ' (rofessor of Clinical 5edicine at Colum<ia )niversit7 ( *+,% * !& Walter Belkna8 >ames (S&B !"*& ' (rofessor of Clinical 5edicine at Colum<ia )niversit7 ( *+*% * !& Henr7 5c5ahon (ainter (S&B !!/& ' (rofessor of Clinical O<stetrics at Colum<ia )niversit7 ( *+:% *4+& Ale0ander ;am<ert (S&B !!/& ' (rofessor of Clinical 5edicine at Cornell )niversit7 ( !*!% *, & >ohn $o-ers (S&B !!"& ' (rofessor of Clinical Sur-er7 at Cornell )niversit7 5edical Colle-e ( *+*% *43& Frederick B. (erc7 (S&B !""& ' (rofessor of Clinical 5edicine at Boston )niversit7 5edical School ( *+*% * :& Henr7 Walcott Farnam (S&B !"/& ' (rofessor of (olitical 6conom7 at @ale )niversit7 ( !!+% * 4& Clive =a7 (S&B !*4& ' (rofessor of 6conomic Histor7 at @ale )niversit7 ( *+"% *,3& Or-aniFation 60ecutivesB Andrew =. White (S&B !:,& ' Trustee of Carne-ie 6ndowment for Anternational (eace ( * +% * !& Chaunce7 B. Brewster (S&B !3!& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of Connecticut ( !**% *4!& Sidne7 C. (artrid-e (S&B !!+& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of Western 5issouri ( * % *,+& =wi-ht Huntin-ton =a7 (S&B !**& ' Treasurer of the Board of Forei-n 5issions of the (res<7terian Church in the ).S.A. ( *+3% *4/& Henr7 Al<ert Stimson (S&B !3:& ' (astor of 5anhattan Church in 9ew @ork Cit7 ( !*3% * "& >ose8h =. Burrell (S&B !! & ' (astor of Classon Avenue Church in Brookl7n K9ew @ork Cit7L ( !*4% * *& Her<ert Wetmore Wells (S&B !!*& ' 5inister of St. AndrewPs Church in Wilmin-ton# =elaware ( *++% * ,& Alan 5c;ean Ta7lor (S&B *+4& ' $ector of the Church of the Hol7 S8irit# 5atta8an in Boston ( *+!% *,+&

S&ull % Bones and Beer 5all "utsch in )unich.

er!any (Nove!+er -. /-,4)

Government OfficialsB William Howard Taft (S&B !"!& ' Chief >ustice of the Su8reme Court of the )nited States ( *4 % *,+&1 (resident of the 6n-lish%S8eakin)nion of the )nited States ( *4 % *,+& Wil<ur Franklin Booth (S&B !!/& ' >ud-e of the ).S. =istrict Court for the =istrict of 5innesota ( * /% *4:& Frank Bosworth Brande-ee (S&B !!:& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%Connecticut# *+:% *4/& ;eBaron Bradford Colt (S&B !3!& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%$hode Asland# * ,% *4/& >ames Wolcott Wadsworth >r. (S&B !*!& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%9ew @ork# * :% *4"& Thomas Francis Ba7ard >r. (S&B !*+& ' ).S. Senator (=emocratic (art7%=elaware# *44% *4*& >ames 5c=evitt 5a-ee (S&B !**& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%(enns7lvania# *4,% *4"& Gifford (inchot (S&B !!*# $e8u<lican& ' Governor of (enns7lvania ( *4,% *4"# *, % *,:& Geor-e W. Woodruff (S&B !!*& ' Attorne7 General of (enns7lvania ( *4,% *4"& 6. Sheldon Whitehouse (S&B *+:& ' Counselor of the American 6m<ass7 in (aris# France ( *4 % *4!& BankersB (ierre >a7 (S&B !*4& ' Chairman of the Federal $eserve Bank of 9ew @ork ( * /% *43& >ohn (errin (S&B !"*& ' Chairman of the Federal $eserve Bank of San Francisco ( * /% *4:& Geor-e ;. Harrison (S&B * +& ' =e8ut7 Governor of the Federal $eserve Bank of 9ew @ork ( *4+% *4!& Stanford Ta88an Cra8o (S&B !!3& ' Class B =irector of the Federal $eserve Bank of Chica-o ( *44% *,!& Thomas Cochran (S&B !*/& ' (artner of >.(. 5or-an & Co. ( * "% *,3& 5ortimer 9orton Buckner (S&B !*:& ' Chairman of the <oard of 9ew @ork Trust Com8an7 ( *4 % */4& Harold Stanle7 (S&B *+!& ' 2ice (resident of Guarant7 Trust Co. of 9ew @ork ( * 3% *4!& Klater mer-ed with >( 5or-an ChaseL Harr7 (a7ne Whitne7 (S&B !*/& ' =irector of Guarant7 Trust Co. of 9ew @ork ( !**% *,+& (erc7 $ockefeller (S&B *++& ' =irector of Guarant7 Trust Co. of 9ew @ork ( * :% *,+& W. Averell Harriman (S&B * ,& ' =irector of Guarant7 Trust Co. of 9ew @ork ( * 3% */ & Samuel $. Bertron (S&B !!:& ' (resident of Bertron# Griscom & Com8an7# Anc.# international financiers ( * 4% *,!& ;aw7ersB Henr7 Waters Taft (S&B !!+& ' (artner of Cadwalader# Wickersham & Taft ( !**% */:&1 (resident of the 9ew @ork Cit7 Bar Association ( *4,% *4:&1 <rother of William Howard Taft Henr7 ;. Stimson (S&B !!!& ' Counsel of Winthro8# Stimson# (utnam & $o<erts ( !* % *+3# * ,% *4"# *,,% */+# */:% *:+& Allen T. ?lots (S&B *+*& ' 5em<er of Winthro8# Stimson# (utnam & $o<erts ( *4 % *3:& ;ansin- (. $eed (S&B *+/& ' 5em<er of =avis# (olk# Wardwell# Gardiner & $eed ( * :% *,"& (hili8 G. Bartlett (S&B !! & ' (artner of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett ( !*+% *, & Graham Sumner (S&B !*"& ' 5em<er of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett ( *+/% */3& Thomas =. Thacher (S&B *+/& ' (artner of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett ( * /% *4:# *,,% */,& Howard 5ansfield (S&B !" & ' 5em<er of ;ord# =a7 & ;ord ( *+ % *,!& Henr7 =eForest Baldwin (S&B !!:& ' 5em<er of ;ord# =a7 & ;ord ( *++% */"& William ;lo7d ?itchel (S&B !*4& ' (artner of Cadwalader# Wickersham & Taft ( * /% */:& Charles Wheeler (ierson (S&B !!3& ' 5em<er of Ale0ander & Green Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *++% *4*& (a7son 5errill (S&B !3:& ' 5em<er of 5errill# $o-ers# Gifford & Wood7 Kand 8redecessorsL Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( !!,% *4/& 6dwin =ean Worcester (S&B !"3& ' 5em<er of Worcester# Williams & Sa0e Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *+*% *4*& Winthro8 6dwards =wi-ht (S&B !*,& ' (artner of =wi-ht & Scoville Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( * % *//& =ean Sa-e (S&B !*"& ' 5em<er of Sa-e# Gra7# Todd & Sims Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *+:% */,& ;ee >ames (errin (S&B *+3& ' (artner of A88leton# (errin & Ho7t Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( * 3% */3& 6dward Bancroft Twom<l7 (S&B * 4& ' (artner of (utne7# Twom<l7# Hall & Skidmore Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( * *% *33& >ohn ;oomer Hall (S&B !*/& ' 5em<er of Choate# Hall & Stewart Klaw firm in BostonL ( *+/% *3+& Samuel ?ni-ht (S&B !!"& ' 5em<er of Christin# ?ni-ht# Boland & Chnstin Klaw firm in San FranciscoL ( * !% */,& William Sin-er 5oorhead (S&B *+3& ' 5em<er of 5oorhead & ?no0 Klaw firm in (itts<ur-hL ( * "% *:4& >ournalists# Or-aniFation 60ecutives# and Colle-e (rofessorsB Henr7 $. ;uce (S&B *4+& ' 6ditor%in%Chief of Time# Anc. ( *4,% *3/& William H. Cowles (S&B !!"& ' (u<lisher of Spokane Spokesman&Review ( !*,% */3&1 =irector of the Associated (ress ( * 4% *//& BenCamin Harris Anthon7 (S&B !!3& ' =irector of the Associated (ress ( *4,% *,4& Charles Ho8kins Clark (S&B !" & ' (resident and 6ditor%in%Chief of )artford $ourant ( !*+% *43& Arvin- Fisher (S&B !!!& ' Founder and inau-ural (resident of American 6u-enics Societ7 ( *4,% *43&1 (rofessor of (olitical 6conom7 at @ale )niversit7 ( !*!% *,:& Chaunce7 B. Brewster (S&B !3!& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of Connecticut ( !**% *4!& Sidne7 C. (artrid-e (S&B !!+& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of Western 5issouri ( * % *,+& BenCamin Brewster (S&B !!4& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of 5aine ( * 3% */ & Thomas F. =avies (S&B !*/& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of Western 5assachusetts ( * % *,3& =wi-ht Huntin-ton =a7 (S&B !**& ' Treasurer of the Board of Forei-n 5issions of the (res<7terian Church in the ).S.A. ( *+3% *4/& William H. Welch (S&B !"+& ' (resident of the <oard of directors of $ockefeller Anstitute for 5edical $esearch ( *+ % *,/& Amos (inchot (S&B !*"& ' Co%Founder and =irector ( * "% *,+& of the American Civil ;i<erties )nion1 <rother of Gifford (inchot $ichard 5. Hurd (S&B !!!& ' (resident of ;aw7ers 5ort-a-e Cor8oration Kcom8an7 in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *+,% *,,& Gustav Gruener (S&B !!/& ' (rofessor of German at @ale )niversit7 ( !*"% *4/& $o<ert 9elson Corwin (S&B !!"& ' (rofessor of German at @ale )niversit7 ( !**% *,,& Clive =a7 (S&B !*4& ' (rofessor of 6conomic Histor7 at @ale )niversit7 ( *+"% *,3& Charles Se7mour (S&B *+!& ' (rofessor of Histor7 at @ale )niversit7 ( * !% *,"& Geor-e =ahl (S&B *+!& ' (rofessor of He<rew ;an-ua-e and ;iterature at @ale =ivinit7 School ( * /% *4*& Frederick S. >ones (S&B !!/& ' =ean of @ale )niversit7 ( *+*% *4"&

S&ull % Bones and $eichstag #ire in Berlin.

er!any (#e+ruary ,6. /-44)

Government OfficialsB Henr7 ;. Stimson (S&B !!!& ' ).S. Secretar7 of State (5arch 4!# *4*%5arch /# *,,& Harve7 H. Bund7 (S&B *+*& ' Assistant Secretar7 of State ( *, % *,,& Hu-h $. Wilson (S&B *+3& ' ).S. 5inister to SwitFerland ( *4"% *,"& Gardner $ichardson (S&B *+:& ' Commercial AttachQ at the American ;e-ation in 2ienna# Austria ( *4*% *,,& F. Tru<ee =avison (S&B * !& ' Assistant Secretar7 of War for Air ( *43% *,,& Thomas =. Thacher (S&B *+/& ' Solicitor General of the )nited States ( *,+% *,,& Frederic C. Walcott (S&B !* & ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%Connecticut# *4*% *,:& (erc7 Hamilton Stewart (S&B !*+& ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocratic (art7%9ew >erse7# =ecem<er # *, %5arch ,# *,,& Howard 5alcolm Baldri-e (S&B * !& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%9e<raska# 5arch /# *, %5arch ,# *,,& Gifford (inchot (S&B !!*# $e8u<lican& ' Governor of (enns7lvania ( *4,% *4"# *, % *,:& BankersB Geor-e ;. Harrison (S&B * +& ' (resident of the Federal $eserve Bank of 9ew @ork ( *4!% */+& Walter Seth ;o-an (S&B * +& ' 2ice (resident and General Counsel of the Federal $eserve Bank of 9ew @ork ( *4!% *:,& Stanford Ta88an Cra8o (S&B !!3& ' Class B =irector of the Federal $eserve Bank of Chica-o ( *44% *,!& Thomas Cochran (S&B !*/& ' (artner of >.(. 5or-an & Co. ( * "% *,3& Harold Stanle7 (S&B *+!& ' (artner of >.(. 5or-an & Co. ( *4!% *,:& Harr7 KHenr7L (. =avison >r. (S&B *4+& ' (artner of >.(. 5or-an & Co. ( *4*% */+& $a7 5orris (S&B *+ & ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *:3& W. Averell Harriman (S&B * ,& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % */3& 6. $oland Harriman (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *"!& (rescott S. Bush (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *"4& ?ni-ht Woolle7 (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *!4& $o<ert A. ;ovett (S&B * !& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % */+# */3% */"# */*% *:+# *:,% *!3& (ierre >a7 (S&B !*4& ' Chairman of the <oard of Fiduciar7 Trust Com8an7 K9ew @ork Cit7L ( *,+% */:& 5ortimer 9orton Buckner (S&B !*:& ' Chairman of the <oard of 9ew @ork Trust Com8an7 ( *4 % */4& Artemus ;. Gates (S&B * !& ' (resident of 9ew @ork Trust Com8an7 ( *4*% */ & Frank (. She8ard (S&B * "& ' 2ice (resident of Guarant7 Trust Co. of 9ew @ork ( *4*% *,/& Samuel $. Bertron (S&B !!:& ' (resident of Bertron# Griscom & Com8an7# Anc.# international financiers ( * 4% *,!& Francis FitF $andol8h (S&B * & ' (artner of >&W Seli-man & Co. ( *4,% */+& Henr7 Chandler Holt (S&B *+,& ' 2ice (resident of Central Hanover Bank & Trust Co. K9ew @ork Cit7L ( *4+% */3& ;aw7ersB Henr7 Waters Taft (S&B !!+& ' (artner of Cadwalader# Wickersham & Taft ( !**% */:& William ;lo7d ?itchel (S&B !*4& ' (artner of Cadwalader# Wickersham & Taft ( * /% */:& Graham Sumner (S&B !*"& ' 5em<er of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett ( *+/% */3& ;ansin- (. $eed (S&B *+/& ' 5em<er of =avis# (olk# Wardwell# Gardiner & $eed ( * :% *,"& 5orris Hadle7 (S&B * 3& ' (artner of 5il<ank# Tweed# Hadle7 & 5cClo7 ( *4/% *"*& Allen T. ?lots (S&B *+*& ' 5em<er of Winthro8# Stimson# (utnam & $o<erts ( *4 % *3:& Howard 5ansfield (S&B !" & ' 5em<er of ;ord# =a7 & ;ord ( *+ % *,!& Henr7 =eForest Baldwin (S&B !!:& ' 5em<er of ;ord# =a7 & ;ord ( *++% */"& Sherman Baldwin (S&B * *& ' 5em<er of ;ord# =a7 & ;ord ( *4*% *3*& Winthro8 6dwards =wi-ht (S&B !*,& ' (artner of =wi-ht & Scoville Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( * % *//& =ean Sa-e (S&B !*"& ' 5em<er of Sa-e# Gra7# Todd & Sims Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *+:% */,& ;ee >ames (errin (S&B *+3& ' (artner of A88leton# (errin & Ho7t Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( * 3% */3& 6dward Bancroft Twom<l7 (S&B * 4& ' (artner of (utne7# Twom<l7# Hall & Skidmore Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( * *% *33& >ohn ;oomer Hall (S&B !*/& ' 5em<er of Choate# Hall & Stewart Klaw firm in BostonL ( *+/% *3+& 5arcien >enckes (S&B *4 & ' 5em<er of Choate# Hall & Stewart Klaw firm in BostonL ( *4"% *" & Samuel ?ni-ht (S&B !!"& ' 5em<er of Christin# ?ni-ht# Boland & Chnstin Klaw firm in San FranciscoL ( * !% */,& $o<ert A. Taft (S&B * +& ' 5em<er of Taft# Stettinius & Hollister Klaw firm in Cincinnati# OhioL ( *4,% *,*& >ournalists# (rofessors# and Or-aniFation 60ecutivesB Henr7 $. ;uce (S&B *4+& ' 6ditor%in%Chief of Time ma-aFine ( *4,% *3/& Archi<ald 5ac;eish (S&B * :& ' 6ditor of Fortune ma-aFine ( *4*% *,!& Harold (hel8s Stokes (S&B *+*& ' 5em<er of the 6ditorial Staff of T e New !ork Times ( *43% *,"& William H. Cowles (S&B !!"& ' (u<lisher of Spokane Spokesman&Review ( !*,% */3&1 =irector of the Associated (ress ( * 4% *//& Charles Se7mour (S&B *+!& ' (rovost of @ale )niversit7 ( *4"% *,"& Carl A. ;ohmann (S&B * +& ' Secretar7 of @ale )niversit7 ( *4"% *:,& Au-ust Sidne7 ;ovett (S&B * ,& ' Cha8lain of @ale )niversit7 ( *,4% *:!& Arthur Howe (S&B * 4& ' (resident of Ham8ton Anstitute Klater Ham8ton )niversit7# 2ir-iniaL ( *, % */+& Henr7 Sloane Coffin (S&B !*"& ' (resident of )nion Theolo-ical Seminar7 ( *43% */:& BenCamin Brewster (S&B !!4& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of 5aine ( * 3% */ & Thomas F. =avies (S&B !*/& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of Western 5assachusetts ( * % *,3& Henr7 W. Ho<son (S&B * /& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of Southern Ohio ( *, % *:*& Frederick S. >ones (S&B !!/& ' Chairman of the Connecticut State Board of 6ducation ( * *% *,:& Arvin- Fisher (S&B !!!& ' (rofessor of (olitical 6conom7 at @ale )niversit7 ( !*!% *,:& Clive =a7 (S&B !*4& ' (rofessor of 6conomic Histor7 at @ale )niversit7 ( *+"% *,3& William 5oss-rove Beard (S&B !*3& ' 2ice (resident of )nion Car<ide & Car<on Cor8oration Kchemical com8an7L ( *, % *,"& Foster Harr7 $ockwell (S&B *+3& ' General (artner of Smith# Graham & $ockwell K<rokera-e firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *43% *,3&

S&ull % Bones and Anschluss ()arch /,. /-40) and (ristallnacht (Nove!+er -. /-40)
Government OfficialsB Hu-h $. Wilson (S&B *+3& ' ).S. Am<assador to 9aFi German7 (5arch ,# *,!%9ovem<er 3# *,!& >ames Wolcott Wadsworth >r. (S&B !*!& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%9ew @ork# *,,% *: & BankersB Geor-e ;. Harrison (S&B * +& ' (resident of the Federal $eserve Bank of 9ew @ork ( *4!% */+& Walter Seth ;o-an (S&B * +& ' 2ice (resident and General Counsel of the Federal $eserve Bank of 9ew @ork ( *4!% *:,& Stanford Ta88an Cra8o (S&B !!3& ' Class B =irector of the Federal $eserve Bank of Chica-o ( *44% *,!& Harr7 KHenr7L (. =avison >r. (S&B *4+& ' (artner of >.(. 5or-an & Co. ( *4*% */+& Harold Stanle7 (S&B *+!& ' (resident of 5or-an# Stanle7 & Co. ( *,:% */ & $a7 5orris (S&B *+ & ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *:3& W. Averell Harriman (S&B * ,& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % */3& 6. $oland Harriman (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *"!& (rescott S. Bush (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *"4& ?ni-ht Woolle7 (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *!4& $o<ert A. ;ovett (S&B * !& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % */+# */3% */"# */*% *:+# *:,% *!3& (ierre >a7 (S&B !*4& ' Chairman of the <oard of Fiduciar7 Trust Com8an7 K9ew @ork Cit7L ( *,+% */:& 5ortimer 9orton Buckner (S&B !*:& ' Chairman of the <oard of 9ew @ork Trust Com8an7 ( *4 % */4& Artemus ;. Gates (S&B * !& ' (resident of 9ew @ork Trust Com8an7 ( *4*% */ & Charles >aco< Stewart (S&B * !& ' 2ice (resident of 9ew @ork Trust Com8an7 ( *,:% */*& Frank (. She8ard (S&B * "& ' 2ice (resident of Bankers Trust Co. ( *,/% *3+& Francis FitF $andol8h (S&B * & ' (artner of >&W Seli-man & Co. ( *4,% */+& Henr7 Chandler Holt (S&B *+,& ' 2ice (resident of Central Hanover Bank & Trust Co. K9ew @ork Cit7L ( *4+% */3& ;7on Carter (S&B * :& ' (artner of 6sta<rook & Com8an7 Kinvestment <ankers and <rokers in BostonL ( *4*% *:+& ;aw7ersB Henr7 ;. Stimson (S&B !!!& ' Counsel of Winthro8# Stimson# (utnam & $o<erts ( !* % *+3# * ,% *4"# *,,% */+# */:% *:+& Allen T. ?lots (S&B *+*& ' 5em<er of Winthro8# Stimson# (utnam & $o<erts Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *4 % *3:& Hamilton Hadle7 (S&B * *& ' (artner of Winthro8# Stimson# (utnam & $o<erts Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *4*% */+& Henr7 Waters Taft (S&B !!+& ' (artner of Cadwalader# Wickersham & Taft Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( !**% */:& William ;lo7d ?itchel (S&B !*4& ' (artner of Cadwalader# Wickersham & Taft Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( * /% */:& Graham Sumner (S&B !*"& ' 5em<er of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *+/% */3& Thomas =. Thacher (S&B *+/& ' (artner of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *,,% */,& Henr7 =eForest Baldwin (S&B !!:& ' 5em<er of ;ord# =a7 & ;ord Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *++% */"& Sherman Baldwin (S&B * *& ' 5em<er of ;ord# =a7 & ;ord Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *4*% *3*& 5orris Hadle7 (S&B * 3& ' (artner of 5il<ank# Tweed# Hadle7 & 5cClo7 Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *4/% *"*& $o<ert Guthrie (a-e (S&B *44& ' 5em<er of =e<evoise# Stevenson# (lim8ton & (a-e Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *,3% */"& Winthro8 6dwards =wi-ht (S&B !*,& ' (artner of =wi-ht & Scoville Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( * % *//& =ean Sa-e (S&B !*"& ' 5em<er of Sa-e# Gra7# Todd & Sims Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *+:% */,& ;ee >ames (errin (S&B *+3& ' (artner of A88leton# (errin & Ho7t Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( * 3% */3& 6dward Bancroft Twom<l7 (S&B * 4& ' (artner of (utne7# Twom<l7# Hall & Skidmore Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( * *% *33& >ohn ;oomer Hall (S&B !*/& ' 5em<er of Choate# Hall & Stewart Klaw firm in BostonL ( *+/% *3+& Harve7 H. Bund7 (S&B *+*& ' 5em<er of Choate# Hall & Stewart Klaw firm in BostonL ( *,,% */ # */:% *3,& 5arcien >enckes (S&B *4 & ' 5em<er of Choate# Hall & Stewart Klaw firm in BostonL ( *4"% *" & Samuel ?ni-ht (S&B !!"& ' 5em<er of Christin# ?ni-ht# Boland & Chnstin Klaw firm in San FranciscoL ( * !% */,& William Sin-er 5oorhead (S&B *+3& ' 5em<er of 5oorhead & ?no0 Klaw firm in (itts<ur-hL ( * "% *:4& $o<ert A. Taft (S&B * +& ' 5em<er of Taft# Stettinius & Hollister Klaw firm in Cincinnati# OhioL ( *4,% *,*& Henr7 Cornick Coke (S&B *43& ' 5em<er of Coke & Coke Klaw firm in =allas# Te0asL ( *,+% *""& Cornelius 6nnis ;om<ardi (S&B * & ' (artner of ;om<ardi# $o<ertson# Fli-- & 5c;ean Klaw firm in ?ansas Cit7# 5issouriL ( *,3% *:3& Charles (ascal Franchot (S&B * +& ' General Counsel of $emin-ton $and Anc. ( *4"% */:& Businessmen and >ournalistsB Frederick 6. We7erhaeuser (S&B !*3& ' (resident of We7erhaeuser Tim<er Co. ( *,"% */:& Geor-e Her<ert Walker# >r. (S&B *4"& ' General (artner of G.H. Walker & Co. ( *4*% *"/& Henr7 $. ;uce (S&B *4+& ' 6ditor%in%Chief of Time ma-aFine ( *4,% *3/& Archi<ald 5ac;eish (S&B * :& ' 6ditor of Fortune ma-aFine ( *4*% *,!& William H. Cowles (S&B !!"& ' (u<lisher of Spokane Spokesman&Review ( !*,% */3&1 =irector of the Associated (ress ( * 4% *//& Colle-e (rofessors and Or-aniFation 60ecutivesB Charles Se7mour (S&B *+!& ' (resident of @ale )niversit7 ( *,"% *:+& Carl A. ;ohmann (S&B * +& ' Secretar7 of @ale )niversit7 ( *4"% *:,& Au-ust Sidne7 ;ovett (S&B * ,& ' Cha8lain of @ale )niversit7 ( *,4% *:!& Stanho8e Ba7ne%>ones (S&B * +& ' (rofessor of Bacteriolo-7 at @ale School of 5edicine ( *,4% */"& $o<ert =. French (S&B * +& ' (rofessor of 6n-lish at @ale )niversit7 ( *,+% *:,& 6dwin A. Burtt (S&B * :& ' (rofessor of (hiloso8h7 at Cornell )niversit7 ( *, % *3+& Arthur Howe (S&B * 4& ' (resident of Ham8ton Anstitute Klater Ham8ton )niversit7# 2ir-iniaL ( *, % */+& Henr7 Sloane Coffin (S&B !*"& ' (resident of )nion Theolo-ical Seminar7 ( *43% */:& BenCamin Brewster (S&B !!4& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of 5aine ( * 3% */ & Henr7 W. Ho<son (S&B * /& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of Southern Ohio ( *, % *:*& F. Tru<ee =avison (S&B * !& ' (resident of the American 5useum of 9atural Histor7 ( *,,% *: &

S&ull % Bones and Assassination o7 "resident A+raha! Lincoln (A3ril /8. /09:) Henr7 Cham8ion =emin- (S&B !,3& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%Connecticut# !3,% !3"& Au-ustus Brande-ee (S&B !/*& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%Connecticut# !3,% !3"& William Barrett Wash<urn (S&B !//& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%5assachusetts# !3,% !" & $oswell Hart (S&B !/,& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%9ew @ork# !3:% !3"& Constantine C. 6st7 (S&B !/:& ' Assessor of Anternal $evenue ( !34% !33# !3"% !"4& >ohn Andrew (eters (S&B !/4& ' Attorne7 General of 5aine ( !3/% !33& Henr7 Coit ?in-sle7 (S&B !,/& ' Treasurer of @ale )niversit7 ( !34% !!3& >ohn (erkins >r. (S&B !/+& ' 5em<er of the Confederate House of $e8resentatives for ;ouisiana KSecond Con-ressL ( !3/% !3:& $ichard Ta7lor (S&B !/:& ' Commander of the KConfederateL Arm7 of Tennessee ( !3:&1 Confederate ;ieutenant General William (reston >ohnston (S&B !:4& ' Confederate D(residentE >efferson =avisGs aide%de%cam81 Colonel in the Confederate Arm7 Burton 9orvell Harrison (S&B !:*& ' (rivate Secretar7 to Confederate D(residentE >efferson =avis William Huntin-ton $ussell (S&B !,,& ' 5aCor General of the Connecticut 9ational Guard ( !34% !"+& Orris Sanford Ferr7 (S&B !//& ' Bri-adier General of the )nited States 2olunteers ( !34% !3:& Thomas Anthon7 Thacher (S&B !,:& ' (rofessor of ;atin at @ale )niversit7 ( !/4% !!3& Chester Smith ;7man (S&B !,"& ' (rofessor of (h7sics at @ale )niversit7 KSheffield Scientific SchoolL ( !:*% !!/& BenCamin Silliman >r. (S&B !,"& ' (rofessor of Chemistr7 at @ale )niversit7 ( !:/% !"+& Timoth7 =wi-ht (S&B !/*& ' (rofessor of Sacred ;iterature at @ale )niversit7 ( !:*% !!3& S&ull % Bones and Assassination o7 "resident Ja!es A; ar7ield (July ,. /00/) William Wallace Cra8o (S&B !:4& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%5assachusetts# !":% !!,& ;owndes Henr7 =avis (S&B !3+& ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocratic (art7%5issouri# !"*% !!:& 6u-ene Schu7ler (S&B !:*& ' ).S. 5inister to $omania (5a7 3# !! %Se8tem<er "# !!/& William Walter (hel8s (S&B !3+& ' ).S. 5inister to the Austro%Hun-arian 6m8ire (>une 4+# !! %>une ,+# !!4& >ames O. (utnam (S&B !,*& ' ).S. 5inister to Bel-ium ( !!+% !!4& 5orrison $. Waite (S&B !,"& ' Chief >ustice of the ).S. Su8reme Court ( !"/% !!!& William ;aw ;earned (S&B !/ & ' (residin- >ustice of the Su8reme Court of 9ew @ork ( !":% !*4& William C. Whitne7 (S&B !3,& ' Cor8oration Counsel of 9ew @ork Cit7 ( !":% !!4& >ohn William Sterlin- (S&B !3/& ' Co%Founder and 5em<er of Shearman & Sterlin- Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( !",% * !& Thomas Thacher (S&B !" & ' Co%Founder and 5em<er of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett ( !":% * *& Charles F. $o<ertson (S&B !:*& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of 5issouri ( !3!% !!3& Andrew =. White (S&B !:,& ' (resident of Cornell )niv. ( !33% !!:&1 ).S. 5inister to German7 (>une *# !"*%Au-ust :# !! # !*"% *+4& =aniel C. Gilman (S&B !:4& ' inau-ural (resident of >ohns Ho8kins )niversit7 ( !":% *+ & Carroll Cutler (S&B !:/& ' (resident of KCaseL Western $eserve )niversit7 ( !" % !!3& William (reston >ohnston (S&B !:4& ' (resident of ;ouisiana State )niversit7 KBaton $ou-eL ( !!+% !!,& Thomas A. Thacher (S&B !,:& ' (rofessor of ;atin at @ale )niversit7 ( !/4% !!3& Chester Smith ;7man (S&B !,"& ' (rofessor of (h7sics at @ale )niversit7 KSheffield Scientific SchoolL ( !:*% !!/& Timoth7 =wi-ht (S&B !/*& ' (rofessor of Sacred ;iterature at @ale )niversit7 ( !:*% !!3& C7rus 9orthro8 (S&B !:"& ' (rofessor of 6n-lish at @ale )niversit7 ( !3,% !!/& ;ewis $. (ackard (S&B !:3& ' (rofessor of Greek at @ale )niversit7 ( !3"% !!/& William G. Sumner (S&B !3,& ' (rofessor of 6conomics at @ale )niversit7 ( !"4% *+*&
S&ull % Bones and Assassination o7 "resident 'illia! )c(inley (Se3te!+er 9. /-1/) Chaunce7 5. =e8ew (S&B !:3& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%9ew @ork# !**% * & Geor-e (ea<od7 Wetmore (S&B !3"& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%$hode Asland# !*:% *+"# *+!% * ,& Thomas Hed-e (S&B !3"& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%Aowa# !**% *+"& Charles 9ewell Fowler (S&B !"3& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%9ew >erse7# !*:% * & 6llis Henr7 $o<erts (S&B !:+& ' Treasurer of the )nited States ( !*"% *+:& Andrew =. White (S&B !:,& ' ).S. 5inister to German7 ( !*"% *+4& Stanford 9ewel (S&B !3 & ' ).S. 5inister to the 9etherlands ( !*"% *+:& Timoth7 ;. Woodruff (S&B !"*& ' ;ieutenant Governor of 9ew @ork ( !*"% *+4& ;eBaron Bradford Colt (S&B !3!& ' >ud-e of the ).S. Court of A88eals for the First Circuit KBostonL ( !!/% * ,& William ?neeland Townsend (S&B !" & ' >ud-e of the ).S. =istrict Court for the =istrict of Connecticut ( !*4% *+4& Simeon 6. Baldwin (S&B !3 & ' >ustice of Connecticut Su8reme Court of 6rrors ( !*,% * +&1 (rofessor of ;aw at @ale ;aw School ( !3*% *& >ohn 5annin- Hall (S&B !33& ' (resident of the 9ew @ork# 9ew Haven and Hartford $ailroad Com8an7 ( !**% *+,& ;lo7d Wheaton Bowers (S&B !"*& ' General Counsel of Chica-o & 9orthwestern $ailwa7 Com8an7 ( !*,% *+*& >ohn William Sterlin- (S&B !3/& ' Co%Founder and 5em<er of Shearman & Sterlin- Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( !",% * !& Thomas Thacher (S&B !" & ' Co%Founder and 5em<er of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett ( !":% * *& Thomas F. =avies (S&B !:,& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of 5ichi-an ( !!*% *+:& Chaunce7 B. Brewster (S&B !3!& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of Connecticut ( !**% *4!& Arthur Twinin- Hadle7 (S&B !"3& ' (resident of @ale )niversit7 ( !**% *4 & C7rus 9orthro8 (S&B !:"& ' (resident of )niversit7 of 5innesota ( !!/% * & >ames O. (utnam (S&B !,*& ' Chancellor of )niversit7 of Buffalo ( !*:% *+4& Francis 5. Finch (S&B !/*& ' =ean of Cornell ;aw School ( !* % *+,& William Tha7er Smith (S&B !3+& ' =ean of =artmouth 5edical School ( !*3% *+*& Theodore S. Woolse7 (S&B !"4& ' (rofessor of Anternational ;aw at @ale )niversit7 ( !"!% * & William G. Sumner (S&B !3,& ' (rofessor of 6conomics at @ale )niversit7 ( !"4% *+*& Henr7 Walcott Farnam (S&B !"/& ' (rofessor of (olitical 6conom7 at @ale )niversit7 ( !!+% * 4& Arvin- Fisher (S&B !!!& ' (rofessor of (olitical 6conom7 at @ale )niversit7 ( !*!% *,:& >ohn C. Schwa< (S&B !!3& ' (rofessor of (olitical 6conom7 at @ale )niversit7 ( !*!% *+:& Gustav Gruener (S&B !!/& ' (rofessor of German at @ale )niversit7 ( !*"% *4/& $o<ert 9elson Corwin (S&B !!"& ' (rofessor of German at @ale )niversit7 ( !**% *,,& Sereno =wi-ht 9ickerson (S&B !/:& ' $ecordin- Grand Secretar7 of the Grand ;od-e of 5assachusetts KFreemasonr7L ( !! % *+!&

S&ull % Bones and "earl 5ar+or (*ece!+er 6. /-8/)


Government OfficialsB Henr7 ;. Stimson (S&B !!!& ' Secretar7 of War ( * % * ,# */+% */:& $o<ert A. ;ovett (S&B * !& ' Assistant Secretar7 of War for Air ( */ % */:& Artemus ;. Gates (S&B * !& ' Assistant Secretar7 of the 9av7 for Air ( */ % */:& Harve7 H. Bund7 (S&B *+*& ' S8ecial Assistant to the Secretar7 of War ( */ % */:&1 Trustee of World (eace Foundation ( *,/% *3,& $o<ert A. Taft (S&B * +& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%Ohio# *,*% *:,& >ohn 5artin 2or7s (S&B * !& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%Ohio# *,*% *:*& >ames Wolcott Wadsworth >r. (S&B !*!& ' ).S. Con-ressman ($e8u<lican (art7%9ew @ork# *,,% *: & Archi<ald 5ac;eish (S&B * :& ' ;i<rarian of Con-ress ( *,*% *//& BankersB (rescott S. Bush (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *"4& 6. $oland Harriman (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *"!& ?ni-ht Woolle7 (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *!4& $a7 5orris (S&B *+ & ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *:3& Harold Stanle7 (S&B *+!& ' (artner of 5or-an# Stanle7 & Co. ( */ % *::& (ierre >a7 (S&B !*4& ' Chairman of the <oard of Fiduciar7 Trust Com8an7 K9ew @ork Cit7L ( *,+% */:& 5ortimer 9orton Buckner (S&B !*:& ' Chairman of the <oard of 9ew @ork Trust Com8an7 ( *4 % */4& Frank (. She8ard (S&B * "& ' 2ice (resident of Bankers Trust Co. ( *,/% *3+& Charles >aco< Stewart (S&B * !& ' 2ice (resident of 9ew @ork Trust Co. ( *,:% */*& Henr7 (. =avison >r. (S&B *4+& ' (artner ( *4*% */+& and 2ice (resident ( */+% */4& of >.(. 5or-an & Co. Walter Seth ;o-an (S&B * +& ' 2ice (resident and General Counsel of Federal $eserve Bank of 9ew @ork ( *4!% *:,& $o-er B. She8ard (S&B *+!& ' Chairman of the Federal $eserve Bank of 5innea8olis ( */+% *:,& BusinessmenB W. Averell Harriman (S&B * ,& ' Chairman of the <oard of )nion (acific $ailroad Co. ( *,4% */3&1 (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % */3& Geor-e ;. Harrison (S&B * +& ' (resident of 9ew @ork ;ife Ansurance Co. ( */ % */!& H. 9eil 5allon (S&B * "& ' (resident of =resser Andustries# Anc. ( *4*% *:!& Frank Ford $ussell (S&B *43& ' (resident of 9ational Aviation Cor8. ( *,*% *:/& Frederick 6. We7erhaeuser (S&B !*3& ' (resident of We7erhaeuser Tim<er Co. ( *,"% */:& Henr7 >ohn HeinF AA (S&B *, & ' (resident of H.>. HeinF Com8an7 ( */ % *:*& 5orehead (atterson (S&B *4+& ' (resident of American 5achine & Foundr7 Co. ( */ % */,# */"% *:!& Geor-e Her<ert Walker >r. (S&B *4"& ' General (artner of G.H. Walker & Co. ( *4*% *"/& Chaunce7 >erome Hamlin (S&B *+,& ' 5em<er of the 9ew @ork Stock 60chan-e ( */ % *3,& ;aw7ersB Henr7 Waters Taft (S&B !!+& ' (artner of Cadwalader# Wickersham & Taft Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( !**% */:& William ;lo7d ?itchel (S&B !*4& ' (artner of Cadwalader# Wickersham & Taft Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( * /% */:& Henr7 =eForest Baldwin (S&B !!:& ' 5em<er of ;ord# =a7 & ;ord Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *++% */"& Sherman Baldwin (S&B * *& ' 5em<er of ;ord# =a7 & ;ord Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *4*% *3*& Thomas =. Thacher (S&B *+/& ' (artner of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *,,% */,& Allen T. ?lots (S&B *+*& ' 5em<er of Winthro8# Stimson# (utnam & $o<erts Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *4 % *3:& Charles 5. S8offord (S&B *4/& ' 5em<er of =avis# (olk# Wardwell# Gardiner & $eed Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( */+% *:+# *:4% *",& 5orris Hadle7 (S&B * 3& ' (artner of 5il<ank# Tweed# Hadle7 & 5cClo7 Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *4/% *"*& =ean Sa-e (S&B !*"& ' 5em<er of Sa-e# Gra7# Todd & Sims Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *+:% */,& 6dward Bancroft Twom<l7 (S&B * 4& ' (artner of (utne7# Twom<l7# Hall & Skidmore Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( * *% *33& >ohn ;oomer Hall (S&B !*/& ' 5em<er of Choate# Hall & Stewart Klaw firm in BostonL ( *+/% *3+& 5arcien >enckes (S&B *4 & ' 5em<er of Choate# Hall & Stewart Klaw firm in BostonL ( *4"% *" & Geor-e Frederick Baer A88el (S&B *4/& ' (artner of Townsend# 6lliott & 5unson Klaw firm in (hiladel8hiaL ( *,!% *"+& Henr7 Cornick Coke (S&B *43& ' 5em<er of Coke & Coke Klaw firm in =allas# Te0asL ( *,+% *""& $ichard 5arden =avis (S&B *,,& ' (artner of =avis# Graham & Stu<<s Klaw firm in =enverL ( *,"%c. *!4& William Sin-er 5oorhead (S&B *+3& ' 5em<er of 5oorhead & ?no0 Klaw firm in (itts<ur-hL ( * "% *:4& Samuel ?ni-ht (S&B !!"& ' 5em<er of Christin# ?ni-ht# Boland & Chnstin Klaw firm in San FranciscoL ( * !% */,& OthersB Charles Se7mour (S&B *+!& ' (resident of @ale )niversit7 ( *,"% *:+&1 Trustee of World (eace Foundation ( *,*% */:& Carl A. ;ohmann (S&B * +& ' Secretar7 of @ale )niversit7 ( *4"% *:,& Au-ust Sidne7 ;ovett (S&B * ,& ' Cha8lain of @ale )niversit7 ( *,4% *:!& Henr7 $. ;uce (S&B *4+& ' 6ditor%in%Chief of Time# Anc. ( *4,% *3/& William H. Cowles (S&B !!"& ' (u<lisher of Spokane Spokesman&Review ( !*,% */3& Henr7 W. Ho<son (S&B * /& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of Southern Ohio ( *, % *:*& Henr7 Sloane Coffin (S&B !*"& ' (resident of )nion Theolo-ical Seminar7 ( *43% */:& 6dwin A. Burtt (S&B * :& ' (rofessor of (hiloso8h7 at Cornell )niversit7 ( *, % *3+& Frederic C. Walcott (S&B !* & ' $e-ent of the Smithsonian Anstitution ( */ % */!& Stanho8e Ba7ne%>ones (S&B * +& ' (rofessor of Bacteriolo-7 at @ale School of 5edicine ( *,4% */"& $o<ert =. French (S&B * +& ' (rofessor of 6n-lish at @ale )niversit7 ( *,+% *:,& F. Tru<ee =avison (S&B * !& ' (resident of the American 5useum of 9atural Histor7 ( *,,% *: & 9oteB FritF Wiedemann# one of HitlerGs adCutants# served as 9aFi German Consul General in San Francisco# California from *,! to */ .

S&ull % Bones and (ennedy Assassination (Nove!+er ,,. /-94)


Government OfficialsB W. Averell Harriman (S&B * ,& ' )nder Secretar7 of State for (olitical Affairs (A8ril /# *3,%5arch "# *3:& 5cGeor-e Bund7 (S&B */+& ' 9ational Securit7 Advisor ( *3 % *33& William (. Bund7 (S&B *,*& ' =e8ut7 Assistant Secretar7 of =efense for Anternational Securit7 Affairs ( *3 % *3,& William H. Orrick >r. (S&B *,"& ' Assistant ).S. Attorne7 General for Antitrust =ivision ( *3,% *3:& Gas8ard dGAndelot Belin (S&B *,*& ' General Counsel of the ).S. =e8artment of the Treasur7 ( *34% *3:& =avid Cam8ion Acheson (S&B */,& ' ).S. Attorne7 for the =istrict of Colum<ia ( *3 % *3:& >ohn Sherman Coo8er (S&B *4,& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%?entuck71 */3% */*1 *:4% *::1 *:3% *",& Thomas William ;udlow D;udE Ashle7 (S&B */!& ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocratic (art7%Ohio# *::% *! & William S. 5oorhead >r. (S&B */:& ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocratic (art7%(enns7lvania# *:*% *! & (otter Stewart (S&B *,"& ' Associate >ustice of the ).S. Su8reme Court ( *:!% *! & Bankers and BusinessmenB (rescott S. Bush (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *"4& ?ni-ht Woolle7 (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *!4& $o<ert A. ;ovett (S&B * !& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *:,% *!3& Ste8hen @. Hord (S&B *4 & ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( */:% *! & >ohn Beckwith 5adden (S&B */ & ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *::% *!!& =ean Witter >r. (S&B *//& ' (artner of =ean Witter & Co. ( */3% *"+& 2ance 2an =ine (S&B */*& ' (artner of 5or-an Stanle7 & Co. ( *3,% *":& =aniel (. =avison (S&B */*& ' 2ice (resident of 5or-an Guarant7 Trust Co. ( *3 % *",& 6van G. Gal<raith (S&B *:+& ' 2ice (resident of 5or-an Guarant7 Trust Co. ( *3 % *3*& >. $ichardson =ilworth (S&B *,!& ' Senior Financial Adviser to the $ockefeller famil7 ( *:!% *! & H. 9eil 5allon (S&B * "& ' Chairman of =resser Andustries# Anc. >ose8h $ichardson =ilworth (S&B *,!& ' senior financial adviser to the $ockefeller famil7 ( *:!% *! & $o<ert Guthrie (a-e (S&B *44& ' (resident of (hel8s =od-e Cor8oration ( */"% *3"& >ohn Hancock =aniels (S&B */,& ' (resident of Archer%=aniels%5idland Co. ( *:!% *3"& Henr7 >ohn HeinF AA (S&B *, & ' Chairman of the <oard of H.>. HeinF Com8an7 ( *:*% *!"& William H. DBillE =onaldson (S&B *:,& ' Chairman and C6O of =onaldson# ;ufkin & >enrette# Anc. K9ew @ork Cit7L ( *:*% *",& Geor-e Her<ert Walker >r. (S&B *4"& ' General (artner of G.H. Walker & Co. ( *4*% *"/& Geor-e Her<ert Walker AAA (S&B *:,& ' General (artner of G.H. Walker & Co. ( *3 % *"/& >onathan >. Bush (S&B *:,& ' General (artner of G.H. Walker & Co. ( *3+% *"+& >ohn =avock Warren (S&B *4"& ' General (artner of G.H. Walker & Co. Kfirm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *//% *"/& Charles Christian Haffner >r. (S&B * *& ' Chairman and C6O of $.$. =onnelle7 & Sons Co. KChica-o 8rintin- firmL ( *:4% *3/& Ga7lord =onnelle7 (S&B *, & ' (resident of $.$. =onnelle7 & Sons Co. KChica-oL ( *:4% *3/&1 Trustee# )niv. of Chica-o ( */"% *!+& Storer B. ;unt (S&B *4 & ' Chairman of W.W. 9orton & Com8an7# Anc. ( *:!%c. *3!& >ohn Warner Field (S&B *,"& ' (resident and C6O of Warnaco# Anc. ( *:"% *"/& Geor-e H.W. Bush (S&B */!& ' (resident of Ma8ata Offshore Co. Kin Houston# Te0asL ( *:3% *3/&
;aw7ersB Charles 5. S8offord (S&B *4/& ' 5em<er of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( */+% *:+# *:4% *",& Charles Hastin-s Willard (S&B *43& ' (artner of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( *:+% *",& 6dward $o-ers Wardwell (S&B *4"& ' 5em<er of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( */3%c. *"4& Samuel HaFard Gilles8ie >r. (S&B *,4& ' 5em<er of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( */!%4+ & (eter O.A. Sol<ert (S&B */ & ' (artner of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( *:"% *3,# *3:% *!*& Harold H. Heal7 >r. (S&B */,& ' (artner of =e<evoise & (lim8ton ( *:*% *!*& >ohn Baker >essu8 (S&B */4& ' (artner of Winthro8# Stimson# (utnam & $o<erts ( *:*% **,& 6ndicott (ea<od7 =avison (S&B */:& ' (artner of Winthro8# Stimson# (utnam & $o<erts ( *:*% *!+& 5orris Hadle7 (S&B * 3& ' (artner of 5il<ank# Tweed# Hadle7 & 5cClo7 ( *4/% *"*&1 Chairman of Carne-ie Cor8. of 9ew @ork ( *::% *33& William 6ldred >ackson (S&B */ & ' (artner of 5il<ank# Tweed# Hadle7 & 5cClo7 ( *:/% ***& Sherman Baldwin (S&B * *& ' 5em<er of ;ord# =a7 & ;ord ( *4*% *3*& Alfred O-den (S&B *,4& ' (artner of Ale0ander & Green ( *::% *":& >ohn Care7 (S&B */:W& ' (artner of Coudert Brothers Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *3 % *!"& 6dwin Foster Blair (S&B *4/& ' (artner of Hu-hes# Hu<<ard# Blair & $eed K9ew @ork Cit7L ( *:4% *3!& 5arcien >enckes (S&B *4 & ' 5em<er of Choate# Hall & Stewart Klaw firm in BostonL ( *4"% *" & Geor-e Frederick Baer A88el (S&B *4/& ' (artner of Townsend# 6lliott & 5unson Klaw firm in (hiladel8hiaL ( *,!% *"+& Henr7 Cornick Coke (S&B *43& ' 5em<er of Coke & Coke Klaw firm in =allas# Te0asL ( *,+% *""& Anthon7 ;ee 5ichel (S&B *43& ' (artner of Gardner# Carton# =ou-las# Chil-ren & Waud Klaw firm in Chica-oL ( */4% *33& $ichard 5arden =avis (S&B *,,& ' (artner of =avis# Graham & Stu<<s Klaw firm in =enverL ( *,"%c. *!4& Geor-e Alfred $anne7 (S&B *,/& ' General Counsel of Anland Steel Co. KChica-oL ( *34% *3!& Or-aniFations# Colle-es# and >ournalistsB 6. $oland Harriman (S&B * "& ' Chairman of American $ed Cross ( *:/% *",&1 (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *"!&1 Chairman of the Board of )nion (acific $ailroad Co. ( */3% *3*& >. Jui-- 9ewton >r. (S&B *,,& ' (resident of The Commonwealth Fund ( *3,% *":& Anson (hel8s Stokes >r. (S&B *4"& ' (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 for the 68isco8al =iocese of 5assachusetts ( *:3% *"+& Henr7 $. ;uce (S&B *4+& ' 6ditor%in%Chief of Time# Anc. ( *4,% *3/& William F. Buckle7# >r. (S&B *:+& ' 6ditor%in%Chief of National Review ma-aFine ( *::% **+& $al8h =. (aine >r. (S&B *4*& ' (u<lisher of Fortune ma-aFine ( *:,% *3"& Charles Stafford Ga-e (S&B *4:& ' Treasurer of @ale )niversit7 ( *:/% *33& $eu<en A. Holden (S&B */+& ' Secretar7 of @ale )niversit7 ( *:,% *" & William Sloane Coffin >r. (S&B */*& ' Cha8lain of @ale )niversit7 ( *:!% *"3&

S&ull % Bones and 'atergate Scandal (June /6. /-6,)


Government OfficialsB (otter Stewart (S&B *,"& ' >ustice of the ).S. Su8reme Court ( *:!% *! & Geor-e H.W. Bush (S&B */!& ' ).S. $e8resentative to the )nited 9ations ( *" % *",& Winston ;ord (S&B *:*& ' 5em<er of the 9ational Securit7 Council staff ( *3*% *",& $a7mond ?. (rice >r. (S&B *: & ' S8ecial Assistant to the (resident of the )nited States ( *3*% *",& >onathan C. $ose (S&B *3,& ' S8ecial Assistant to the (resident of the )nited States ( *"+% *"4& $ichard Anthon7 5oore (S&B *,3& ' S8ecial Counsel to the (resident of the )nited States ( *" % *"/& Charles S. Whitehouse (S&B */"& ' =e8ut7 ).S. Am<assador to South 2ietnam (5arch *"4%Au-ust *",& Hu-h Terr7 Cunnin-ham (S&B *,/& ' =irector of Trainin- at the Central Antelli-ence A-enc7 ( *3*% *",& >ohn Sherman Coo8er (S&B *4,& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%?entuck7# */3% */*# *:4% *::# *:3% *",& >ames ;. Buckle7 (S&B *//& ' ).S. Senator (Conservative (art7%9ew @ork# *" % *""& >onathan Brewster Bin-ham (S&B *,3& ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocratic (art7%9ew @ork# *3:% *!,& William S. 5oorhead >r. (S&B */:& ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocratic (art7%(enns7lvania# *:*% *! & Thomas William ;udlow D;udE Ashle7 (S&B */!& ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocratic (art7%Ohio# *::% *! & BankersB 6. $oland Harriman (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *"!& (rescott S. Bush (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *"4&1 died in Ne< =or& City on >cto+er 0. /-6, ?ni-ht Woolle7 (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *!4& $o<ert A. ;ovett (S&B * !& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % */+# */3% */"# */*% *:+# *:,% *!3& Ste8hen @. Hord (S&B *4 & ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( */:% *! & Gran-er ?. Costik7an (S&B *4*& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *3*% **!& >ohn Beckwith 5adden (S&B */ & ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *::% *!!& Thomas $odd (S&B *,:& ' 2ice Chairman of 5or-an Guarant7 Trust Co. of 9ew @ork ( *" % *"3& William $edmond Cross >r. (S&B */ & ' Senior 2ice (resident of 5or-an Guarant7 Trust Co. of 9ew @ork ( *3/% *",& =aniel (. =avison (S&B */*& ' 2ice (resident of 5or-an Guarant7 Trust Co. of 9ew @ork ( *3 % *",& 2ance 2an =ine (S&B */*& ' (artner of 5or-an Stanle7 & Co. ( *3,% *":& ;ewis A<<ot ;a8ham (S&B *, & ' 2ice Chairman of Bankers Trust Co. ( *33% *"/& 6van G. Gal<raith (S&B *:+& ' Chairman of Bankers Trust Anternational ( *3*% *":& Charles 6dwin ;ord (S&B */*& ' Chairman of the <oard of Allied Bank Anternational ( *3!% *"3& BusinessmenB >ose8h $ichardson =ilworth (S&B *,!& ' Chairman of the <oard of $ockefeller Center# Anc. ( *33% *!4& Henr7 >ohn HeinF AA (S&B *, & ' Chairman of the <oard of H.>. HeinF Com8an7 ( *:*% *!"& >ohn S. (ills<ur7 >r. (S&B *,:& ' Chairman and C6O of 9orthwestern 9ational ;ife Ansurance Co. ( *3*% *""& William H. =onaldson (S&B *:,& ' Chairman and C6O of =onaldson# ;ufkin & >enrette# Anc. K9ew @ork Cit7L ( *:*% *",& Geor-e Her<ert Walker >r. (S&B *4"& ' General (artner of G.H. Walker & Co. ( *4*% *"/& Geor-e Her<ert Walker AAA (S&B *:,& ' General (artner of G.H. Walker & Co. ( *3 % *"/& ;aw7ersB Charles 5. S8offord (S&B *4/& ' 5em<er of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( */+% *:+# *:4% *",& Charles Hastin-s Willard (S&B *43& ' (artner of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( *:+% *",& 6dward $o-ers Wardwell (S&B *4"& ' 5em<er of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( */3%c. *"4& Samuel HaFard Gilles8ie >r. (S&B *,4& ' 5em<er of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( */!%4+ & (eter O.A. Sol<ert (S&B */ & ' (artner of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( *:"% *3,# *3:% *!*& 6dward Snover $eid AAA (S&B *: & ' (artner of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( *3/% **:& 5orris Hadle7 (S&B * 3& ' (artner of 5il<ank# Tweed# Hadle7 & 5cClo7 ( *4/% *"*& William 6ldred >ackson (S&B */ & ' (artner of 5il<ank# Tweed# Hadle7 & 5cClo7 ( *:/% ***& >ohn Baker >essu8 (S&B */4& ' (artner of Winthro8# Stimson# (utnam & $o<erts ( *:*% **,& 6ndicott (ea<od7 =avison (S&B */:& ' (artner of Winthro8# Stimson# (utnam & $o<erts ( *:*% *!+& Harold H. Heal7 >r. (S&B */,& ' (artner of =e<evoise & (lim8ton ( *:*% *!*& Alfred O-den (S&B *,4& ' (artner of Ale0ander & Green Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *::% *":& >ohn Care7 (S&B */:W& ' (artner of Coudert Brothers Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *3 % *!"& Samuel Sloan =ur7ee (S&B * "& ' 5em<er of (arker# =ur7ee# BenCamin# Munino and 5alone Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( */,% *"*& (aul C. ;am<ert (S&B *:+& ' (artner of Breed# A<<ott & 5or-an Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *33% *!*& Gas8ard dGAndelot Belin (S&B *,*& ' (artner of Choate# Hall & Stewart Klaw firm in BostonL ( *::% *34# *3:% **+& Henr7 Cornick Coke (S&B *43& ' 5em<er of Coke & Coke Klaw firm in =allas# Te0asL ( *,+% *""& $ichard 5arden =avis (S&B *,,& ' (artner of =avis# Graham & Stu<<s Klaw firm in =enverL ( *,"%c. *!4& =onald Wri-ht Hoa-land (S&B */,& ' (artner of =avis# Graham & Stu<<s Klaw firm in =enverL ( *: % *3,# *33% *!"& Or-aniFation 60ecutives and >ournalistsB 5cGeor-e Bund7 (S&B */+& ' (resident of Ford Foundation ( *33% *"*& Harold Howe AA (S&B */+& ' 2ice (resident of Ford Foundation ( *" % *! & >. Jui-- 9ewton >r. (S&B *,,& ' (resident of The Commonwealth Fund ( *3,% *":& William (. Bund7 (S&B *,*& ' =irector of the Council on Forei-n $elations ( *3/% *"/& >ohn 6dwin 6cklund (S&B *,!& ' Treasurer of @ale )niversit7 ( *33% *"!& William Sloane Coffin >r. (S&B */*& ' Cha8lain of @ale )niversit7 ( *:!% *"3& Howard Sa7re Weaver (S&B */!& ' =ean of the @ale School of Art and Architecture ( *3"% *"/& William F. Buckle7# >r. (S&B *:+& ' 6ditor%in%Chief of National Review ma-aFine ( *::% **+&

Thomas B. $oss (S&B *: & ' Washin-ton Bureau Chief of $ i%a"o Sun&Times ( *"+% *""&

S&ull % Bones and Iran 5ostage Crisis (/-6--/-0/)


Government OfficialsB >ohn H. Chafee (S&B */"& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%$hode Asland# *"3% ***& =avid ;. Boren (S&B *3,& ' ).S. Senator (=emocratic (art7%Oklahoma# *"*% **/& >onathan Brewster Bin-ham (S&B *,3& ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocratic (art7%9ew @ork# *3:% *!,& William S. 5oorhead >r. (S&B */:& ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocratic (art7%(enns7lvania# *:*% *! & Thomas William ;udlow D;udE Ashle7 (S&B */!& ' ).S. Con-ressman (=emocratic (art7%Ohio# *::% *! & Thomas B. $oss (S&B *: & ' Assistant Secretar7 of =efense for (u<lic Affairs ( *""% *! & (otter Stewart (S&B *,"& ' >ustice of the ).S. Su8reme Court ( *:!% *! & William H. Orrick >r. (S&B *,"& ' >ud-e of the ).S. =istrict Court for the 9orthern =istrict of California ( *"/% *!:& Charles Sherman Hai-ht >r. (S&B *:4& ' >ud-e of the ).S. =istrict Court for the Southern =istrict of 9ew @ork ( *"3% **:& >ohn >. OG;ear7 (S&B *3*& ' 5a7or of (ortland# 5aine ( *!+% *! & BankersB ?ni-ht Woolle7 (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *!4& $o<ert A. ;ovett (S&B * !& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % */+# */3% */"# */*% *:+# *:,% *!3& Ste8hen @. Hord (S&B *4 & ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( */:% *! & Gran-er ?. Costik7an (S&B *4*& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *3*% **!& >ohn Beckwith 5adden (S&B */ & ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *::% *!!& Ale0ander T. 6rcklentF (S&B *:*& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *"!%8resent& W. Averell Harriman (S&B * ,& ' ;imited (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( */3% *!3& Geor-e H.W. Bush (S&B */!& ' Chairman of First Anternational Bank in Houston# Te0as ( *""% *!+& Geor-e Harold (fau >r. (S&B */!& ' Senior 2ice (resident of (aine We<<er KacNuired <7 )BSL ( *"*%c.4++/& =aniel (. =avison (S&B */*& ' (resident of ).S. Trust Co. ( *"*% *!4& 2ance 2an =ine (S&B */*& ' 5ana-in- =irector of 5or-an Stanle7 & Co. ( *"+% *!,& 6van G. Gal<raith (S&B *:+& ' 5ana-in- =irector of =illon# $ead & Co. ( *":% *! & Ste8hen A. SchwarFman (S&B *3*& ' 5ana-in- =irector of ;ehman Brothers ( *"!% *!/& Charles Au-ustus Frank AAA (S&B *3,& ' Senior 2ice (resident of )nited States Trust Com8an7 of 9ew @ork ( *"/% *!*& BusinessmenB Henr7 >ohn HeinF AA (S&B *, & ' Chairman of the <oard of H.>. HeinF Com8an7 ( *:*% *!"& >ose8h $ichardson =ilworth (S&B *,!& ' Chairman of the <oard of $ockefeller Center# Anc. ( *33% *!4& Geor-e Her<ert Walker AAA (S&B *:,& ' (resident and C6O of Stifel 9icolaus & Co. ( *"!% **4& $ussell W. 5e7er >r. (S&B *:/& ' Chairman and C6O of Cessna Aircraft Co. ( *":%4+++# 4++4%4++,& $ichard C. Steadman (S&B *::& ' (artner of >.H. Whitne7 & Co. ( *3*% *! & 5ehdi $aFa Ali (S&B *3:& ' 2ice (resident of General 5otors ( *"3% *!+& Frederick W. Smith (S&B *33& ' Chairman and C6O of Federal 608ress Cor8. KFed60 Cor8.L ( *":%8resent& ;aw7ersB Samuel HaFard Gilles8ie >r. (S&B *,4& ' 5em<er of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( */!%4+ & (eter O.A. Sol<ert (S&B */ & ' (artner of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( *:"% *3,# *3:% *!*& 6dward Snover $eid AAA (S&B *: & ' (artner of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( *3/% **:& William 6ldred >ackson (S&B */ & ' (artner of 5il<ank# Tweed# Hadle7 & 5cClo7 ( *:/% ***& >ohn Baker >essu8 (S&B */4& ' (artner of Winthro8# Stimson# (utnam & $o<erts ( *:*% **,& 6ndicott (ea<od7 =avison (S&B */:& ' (artner of Winthro8# Stimson# (utnam & $o<erts ( *:*% *!+& Harold H. Heal7 >r. (S&B */,& ' (artner of =e<evoise & (lim8ton ( *:*% *!*& >ohn Care7 (S&B */:W& ' (artner of Coudert Brothers Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *3 % *!"& (aul C. ;am<ert (S&B *:+& ' (artner of Breed# A<<ott & 5or-an Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *33% *!*& Gas8ard dGAndelot Belin (S&B *,*& ' (artner of Choate# Hall & Stewart Klaw firm in BostonL ( *::% *34# *3:% **+& >onathan C. $ose (S&B *3,& ' (artner of >ones# =a7# $eavis & (o-ue ( *""% *! # *!/%8resent& $o<ert =. 5cCallum >r. (S&B *3!& ' (artner of Alston & Bird Klaw firm in AtlantaL ( *"*%4++ & Geor-e >. =unn (S&B *:"& ' Senior 2ice (resident and General Counsel of B( America# Anc. and Standard Oil (Ohio& ( *"/% **!& Or-aniFation 60ecurtives and >ournalistsB Winston ;ord (S&B *:*& ' (resident of the Council on Forei-n $elations ( *""% *!:& Harold Howe AA (S&B */+& ' 2ice (resident of Ford Foundation ( *" % *! & Alfred O-den (S&B *,4& ' Trustee of (lanned (arenthood of 9ew @ork Cit7 ( *""% *!,& >ohn H.F. Shattuck (S&B *3:& ' =irector of the Washin-ton office of American Civil ;i<erties )nion KAC;)L ( *""% *!/& William (. Bund7 (S&B *,*& ' 6ditor of Forei"n (ffairs ma-aFine ( *"4% *!/&1 Honorar7 Bilder<er- 5eetin- Secretar7 General for the )nited States ( *""% *!+& William F. Buckle7# >r. (S&B *:+& ' 6ditor%in%Chief of National Review ma-aFine ( *::% **+& Colle-e (rofessorsB William H. =onaldson (S&B *:,& ' =ean of @ale School of 5ana-ement ( *"3% *!+& ;awrence ?. (ickett (S&B */ & ' (rofessor of Sur-er7 and (ediatrics at @ale School of 5edicine ( *3/% *!/& William =. 9ordhaus (S&B *3,& ' (rofessor of 6conomics at @ale )niversit7 ( *",%8resent& ;7man B. S8itFer >r. (S&B *,:& ' Charles A. @oun- (rofessor of Astronom7 at (rinceton )niversit7 ( *:4% *!4& 5cGeor-e Bund7 (S&B */+& ' (rofessor of Histor7 at 9ew @ork )niversit7 ( *"*% *!*& Charles A. (ulaski >r. (S&B *3/& ' (rofessor of ;aw at )niversit7 of Aowa ( *"4% *!+&1 (rofessor of ;aw at AriFona State )niv. ( *!+% *!3& Thomas =. $owe >r. (S&B *3/& ' (rofessor of ;aw at =uke )niversit7 ( *"*%8resent&

>ohn 5. Steadman (S&B *:4& ' (rofessor of ;aw at Geor-etown )niversit7 ;aw Center ( *"4% *!:&1 Associate Academic =ean at Geor-etown )niversit7 ( *"!% *!/&

S&ull % Bones and Atte!3ted Assassination o7 "resident $onald $eagan ()arch 41. /-0/)
Government OfficialsB Geor-e H.W. Bush (S&B */!& ' 2ice (resident of the )nited States (>anuar7 4+# *! %>anuar7 4+# *!*& >ames ;. Buckle7 (S&B *//& ' )nder Secretar7 of State for Securit7 Assistance (Fe<ruar7 4!# *! %Au-ust 4+# *!4& William H. =ra8er AAA (S&B *:+& ' Chairman and (resident of the 608ort%Am8ort Bank of the ).S. ( *! % *!3& (otter Stewart (S&B *,"& ' >ustice of the ).S. Su8reme Court (Octo<er /# *:!%>ul7 ,# *! & >ohn H. Chafee (S&B */"& ' ).S. Senator ($e8u<lican (art7%$hode Asland# *"3% ***& =avid ;. Boren (S&B *3,& ' ).S. Senator (=emocratic (art7%Oklahoma# *"*% **/& >onathan Brewster Bin-ham (S&B *,3& ' ).S. House of $e8resentatives (=emocratic (art7%9ew @ork# *3:% *!,& Bankers# Businessmen# and ;aw7ersB ?ni-ht Woolle7 (S&B * "& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % *!4& $o<ert A. ;ovett (S&B * !& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *, % */+# */3% */"# */*% *:+# *:,% *!3& Gran-er ?. Costik7an (S&B *4*& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *3*% **!& >ohn Beckwith 5adden (S&B */ & ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *::% *!!& Ale0ander T. 6rcklentF (S&B *:*& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *"!%8resent& Geor-e Harold (fau >r. (S&B */!& ' Senior 2ice (resident of (aine We<<er KacNuired <7 )BSL ( *"*%c.4++/& >ose8h $ichardson =ilworth (S&B *,!& ' Chairman of the <oard of $ockefeller Center# Anc. ( *33% *!4& Henr7 >ohn HeinF AA (S&B *, & ' Chairman of the <oard of H.>. HeinF Com8an7 ( *:*% *!"& Frederick W. Smith (S&B *33& ' Chairman and C6O of Federal 608ress Cor8. KFed60 Cor8.L ( *":%8resent& $ussell W. 5e7er >r. (S&B *:/& ' Chairman and C6O of Cessna Aircraft Co. ( *":%4+++# 4++4%4++,& Charles A. Frank AAA (S&B *3,& ' Senior 2ice (resident of )nited States Trust Com8an7 of 9ew @ork K).S. Trust Co.L ( *"/% *!*& Samuel HaFard Gilles8ie >r. (S&B *,4& ' 5em<er of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( */!%4+ & (eter O.A. Sol<ert (S&B */ & ' (artner of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( *:"% *3,# *3:% *!*& 6dward Snover $eid AAA (S&B *: & ' (artner of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( *3/% **:& William 6ldred >ackson (S&B */ & ' (artner of 5il<ank# Tweed# Hadle7 & 5cClo7 ( *:/% ***& >ohn Baker >essu8 (S&B */4& ' (artner of Winthro8# Stimson# (utnam & $o<erts ( *:*% **,& Harold H. Heal7 >r. (S&B */,& ' (artner of =e<evoise & (lim8ton ( *:*% *!*& >ohn Care7 (S&B */:W& ' (artner of Coudert Brothers Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *3 % *!"& (aul C. ;am<ert (S&B *:+& ' (artner of Breed# A<<ott & 5or-an Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( *33% *!*& Gas8ard dGAndelot Belin (S&B *,*& ' (artner of Choate# Hall & Stewart Klaw firm in BostonL ( *::% *34# *3:% **+& Geor-e >. =unn (S&B *:"& ' Senior 2ice (resident and General Counsel of B( America# Anc. and Standard Oil (Ohio& ( *"/% **!& Or-aniFations# 5edia# and Colle-esB Winston ;ord (S&B *:*& ' (resident of the Council on Forei-n $elations ( *""% *!:& William (. Bund7 (S&B *,*& ' 6ditor of Forei"n (ffairs ma-aFine ( *"4% *!/& William F. Buckle7# >r. (S&B *:+& ' 6ditor%in%Chief of National Review ma-aFine ( *::% **+& 5cGeor-e Bund7 (S&B */+& ' (rofessor of Histor7 at 9ew @ork )niversit7 ( *"*% *!*&

S&ull % Bones and -?// 2ragedy (Se3te!+er //. ,11/)


Government OfficialsB Geor-e W. Bush (S&B *3!& ' (resident of the )nited States (4++ %4++*& $o<ert =. 5cCallum >r. (S&B *3!& ' Assistant ).S. Attorne7 General for the Civil =ivision (4++ %4++,& =ou-las (. Woodlock (S&B *3*& ' >ud-e of the ).S. =istrict Court for the =istrict of 5assachusetts ( *!3%8resent& >ohn 5. Steadman (S&B *:4& ' >ud-e of the =istrict of Colum<ia Court of A88eals ( *!:%4++/& >ohn For<es ?err7 (S&B *33& ' ).S. Senator (=emocratic (art7%5assachusetts# *!:%4+ ,& 2ictor H. Ashe (S&B *3"& ' 5a7or of ?no0ville# Tennessee ( *!"%4++,& Bankers# Businessmen# and ;aw7ersB Ale0ander T. 6rcklentF (S&B *:*& ' (artner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. ( *"!%8resent& Ste8hen A. SchwarFman (S&B *3*& ' Chairman and C6O of The Blackstone Grou8 ( *!:%8resent& Geor-e Harold (fau >r. (S&B */!& ' Senior 2ice (resident of (aine We<<er KacNuired <7 )BSL ( *"*%c.4++/& Frederick W. Smith (S&B *33& ' Chairman and C6O of Federal 608ress KFed60 Cor8.L ( *":%8resent& Thomas B. $oss (S&B *: & ' 2ice (resident for Government $elations of ;oral S8ace and Communications ( **:%4++,& >onathan C. $ose (S&B *3,& ' (artner of >ones# =a7# $eavis & (o-ue KWashin-ton# =.C.L ( *""% *! # *!/%8resent& =onald 6tra (S&B *3!& ' Head of Law -ffi%es of .onald Etra in ;os An-eles ( **:%8resent& 6dward Snover $eid AAA (S&B *: & ' Senior Counsel of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( **3%8resent& Colle-es# 5edia# and Or-aniFationsB =avid ;. Boren (S&B *3,#& ' (resident of )niversit7 of Oklahoma ( **/%8resent& $. ?eith Walton (S&B *!3& ' 60ecutive 2ice (resident and Secretar7 of Colum<ia )niversit7 ( **3%4++"& William =. 9ordhaus (S&B *3,& ' Sterlin- (rofessor of 6conomics at @ale )niversit7 (4++ %8resent& Howard Frank Gillette >r. ( *3/& ' (rofessor of Histor7 at $ut-ers )niversit7 ( ***%8resent& Thomas =udle7 $owe >r. (S&B *3/& ' 6lvin $. ;att7 (rofessor of ;aw at =uke )niversit7 ( **3%8resent& Brian C. 5urchison (S&B *"/& ' (rofessor of ;aw at Washin-ton and ;ee )niversit7 School of ;aw ( **+%8resent& William H. =onaldson (S&B *:,& ' Chairman of Carne-ie 6ndowment for Anternational (eace ( ***%4++,& William F. Buckle7# >r. (S&B *:+& ' 6ditor%at%;ar-e of National Review ma-aFine ( ** %4++/& Geor-e H.W. Bush (S&B */!& ' former (resident of the )nited States1 shareholder of The Carl7le Grou8 Winston ;ord (S&B *:*& ' 5em<er of the Council on Forei-n $elations $o<ert W. ?a-an (S&B *!+& ' Co%Founder of (roCect for the 9ew American Centur7 ((9AC&1 5em<er of the Council on Forei-n $elations

Skull and Bones Famil7 $elations


(rominent Bones FamiliesB Al8honso Taft (S&B !,,& ' William Howard TaftGs father (eter $awson Taft (S&B !3"& ' William Howard TaftGs half%<rother1 Al8honso TaftGs son Henr7 Waters Taft (S&B !!+& ' William Howard TaftGs <rother Horace =utton Taft (S&B !!,& ' William Howard TaftGs <rother Sen. $o<ert A. Taft (S&B * +& ' William Howard TaftGs son Charles (hel8s Taft AA (S&B * !& ' William Howard TaftGs son1 Sen. $o<ert A. TaftGs <rother Thomas (rindle Taft (S&B *" & ' William Howard TaftGs -reat%-randson1 Charles (hel8s Taft AAGs -randson Horace =utton Taft (S&B *!:& ' William Howard TaftGs -reat%-randson1 Sen. $o<ert A. TaftGs -randson =avid S. An-alls (S&B *4+& ' William Howard TaftGs -randne8hew1 Al8honso TaftGs -reat%-randson1 son of >ane Taft An-alls (dau-hter of Charles (hel8s Taft A# William Howard TaftGs half%<rother& =avid S. An-alls >r. (S&B *:3& ' William Howard TaftGs -reat%-randne8hew1 Al8honso TaftGs -reat%-reat%-randson1 son of =avid S. An-alls (rescott S. Bush (S&B * "& ' Geor-e H. W. BushGs father1 (resident Geor-e W. BushGs -randfather Geor-e W. Bush (S&B *3!& ' Geor-e H. W. BushGs son1 former Governor of Florida >e< BushGs <rother >onathan >ames Bush (S&B *:,& ' Geor-e H. W. BushGs <rother1 (resident Geor-e W. BushGs uncle >ames Smith Bush (S&B *44& ' Geor-e H. W. BushGs uncle1 former ).S. Senator (rescott BushGs <rother Geor-e Her<ert Walker >r. (S&B *4"& ' Geor-e H. W. BushGs uncle1 former Senator (rescott BushGs <rother%in%law >ohn 5ercer Walker (S&B *, & ' Geor-e H. W. BushGs uncle1 Geor-e Her<ert Walker >r.Gs <rother ;ouis Walker (S&B *,3& ' Geor-e H. W. BushGs uncle1 Geor-e Her<ert Walker >r.Gs <rother Geor-e Her<ert Walker AAA (S&B *:,& ' Geor-e H. W. BushGs cousin1 Geor-e Her<ert Walker >r.Gs son $a7 Carter Walker (S&B *::& ' Geor-e H.W. BushGs cousin1 Geor-e Her<ert Walker >r.Gs son Ale0ander 6llis >r. (S&B *//& ' Geor-e H.W. BushGs <rother%in%law1 Ale0ander 6llis >r. married BushGs sister 9anc7 Walker Bush $eu<en A. Holden (S&B */+& ' Geor-e Her<ert Walker >r.Gs son%in%law1 married Geor-e Her<ert Walker >r.Gs dau-hter 6liFa<eth C. Walker $ussell Chene7 (S&B *+/& ' <rother of ?ni-ht =e0ter Chene7 >r. (S&B !*4& Clifford =. Chene7 (S&B !*!& ' <rother of ?ni-ht =e0ter Chene7 >r. (S&B !*4& (hili8 Chene7 (S&B *+ & ' <rother of ?ni-ht =e0ter Chene7 >r. (S&B !*4& Thomas ;. Chene7 (S&B *+ & ' <rother of ?ni-ht =e0ter Chene7 >r. (S&B !*4& Howell Chene7 (S&B !*4& ' cousin of ?ni-ht =e0ter Chene7 >r. (S&B !*4& Ward Chene7 (S&B !*3& ' cousin of ?ni-ht =e0ter Chene7 >r. (S&B !*4& Frank =e0ter Chene7 (S&B *++& ' cousin of ?ni-ht =e0ter Chene7 >r. (S&B !*4& 6dward W. ;am<ert (S&B !:/& ' father%in%law of ?ni-ht =e0ter Chene7 >r. (S&B !*4&1 married his dau-hter $uth ;am<ert Ale0ander ;am<ert (S&B !!/& ' <rother%in%law of ?ni-ht =e0ter Chene7 >r. (S&B !*4&1 married his sister 6llen W. Chene7 Alfred Cowles (S&B !!3&& ' <rother%in%law of ?ni-ht =e0ter Chene7 >r. (S&B !*4&1 married his sister 6liFa<eth Chene7 William H. Cowles (S&B !!"& ' <rother%in%law of ?ni-ht =e0ter Chene7 >r. (S&B !*4& Alfred Cowles (S&B * ,& ' ne8hew of ?ni-ht =e0ter Chene7 >r. (S&B !*4& $o-er Sherman Baldwin >r. (S&B !/"& ' <rother of Gov. Simeon 6<en Baldwin (S&B !3 &1 son of Sen. $o-er Sherman Baldwin Geor-e William Baldwin (S&B !:,& ' <rother of Gov. Simeon 6<en Baldwin (S&B !3 &1 son of Sen. $o-er Sherman Baldwin Simeon 6<en Baldwin (S&B !3 & ' son of Sen. $o-er Sherman Baldwin 6dward Baldwin Whitne7 (S&B !"!& ' ne8hew of Gov. Simeon 6<en Baldwin (S&B !3 &1 ne8hew of >ames ;. Whitne7 (S&B !:3&1 Sen. $o-er Sherman BaldwinGs -randson $o-er Sherman Baldwin Foster (S&B !"!& ' ne8hew of Simeon 6<en Baldwin (S&B !3 &1 Sen. $o-er Sherman BaldwinGs -randson $e-inald Foster (S&B !!/& ' ne8hew of Gov. Simeon 6<en Baldwin (S&B !3 &1 Sen. $o-er Sherman BaldwinGs -randson 5a0well 6varts Foster (S&B *4,& ' -rand%ne8hew of Gov. Simeon 6<en Baldwin (S&B !3 &1 son of $e-inald Foster (S&B !!/&1 Sen. $o-er Sherman BaldwinGs -reat%-randson =wi-ht Foster (S&B !/!& ' <rother%in%law of Gov. Simeon 6<en Baldwin (S&B !3 &1 Sen. $o-er Sherman BaldwinGs son%in%law1 married Sen. $o-er Sherman BaldwinGs dau-hter Henrietta (erkins Baldwin William 5a0well 6varts (S&B !,"& ' second cousin of Gov. Simeon 6<en Baldwin (S&B !3 &1 Sen. $o-er Sherman BaldwinGs cousin $o-er Sherman Baldwin >r. (S&B !/"& ' uncle of 6dward Baldwin Whitne7 (S&B !"!& Geor-e William Baldwin (S&B !:,& ' uncle of 6dward Baldwin Whitne7 (S&B !"!& Simeon 6<en Baldwin (S&B !3 & ' uncle of 6dward Baldwin Whitne7 (S&B !"!& 6dward (. Whitne7 (S&B !:/& ' uncle of 6dward Baldwin Whitne7 (S&B !"!& >ames ;7man Whitne7 (S&B !:3& ' uncle of 6dward Baldwin Whitne7 (S&B !"!& =wi-ht Whitne7 ;earned (S&B !"+& ' cousin of 6dward Baldwin Whitne7 (S&B !"!& $o-er Sherman Baldwin Foster (S&B !"!& ' cousin of 6dward Baldwin Whitne7 (S&B !"!& $e-inald Foster (S&B !!/& ' cousin of 6dward Baldwin Whitne7 (S&B !"!& 5a0well 6varts Foster (S&B *4,& ' second cousin of 6dward Baldwin Whitne7 (S&B !"!& =wi-ht Foster (S&B !/!& ' uncle (<7 marria-e& of 6dward Baldwin Whitne7 (S&B !"!&

Frederick Tru<ee =avison (S&B * !& ' >.(. 5or-an & Co. 8artner Henr7 (. =avisonGs son Harr7 (omero7 =avison >r. (S&B *4+& ' Frederick Tru<ee =avisonGs <rother1 >.(. 5or-an & Co. 8artner Henr7 (. =avisonGs son 6ndicott (ea<od7 =avison (S&B */:& ' Frederick Tru<ee =avisonGs son =aniel (. =avison (S&B */*& ' Frederick Tru<ee =avisonGs son Henr7 (omero7 =avison (S&B *!/& ' Frederick Tru<ee =avisonGs -randson1 =aniel (. =avisonGs son K>.(. 5or-an & Co. 8artner K<ankerL Henr7 (. =avison was not a mem<er of Skull & Bones.L Henr7 =7er White (S&B !: & ' <rother of Charles Atwood White (S&B !:/& $o-er Sherman White (S&B !:*& ' <rother of Charles Atwood White (S&B !:/& Oliver Sherman White (S&B !3/& ' <rother of Charles Atwood White (S&B !:/& Geor-e 6dward White (S&B !33& ' <rother of Charles Atwood White (S&B !:/& >ohn $o-ers (S&B !!"& ' son%in%law of Charles Atwood White (S&B !:/&1 married C.A. WhiteGs dau-hter 6liFa<eth White Henr7 ;. Stimson (S&B !!!& ' son%in%law of Charles Atwood White (S&B !:/&1 married C.A. WhiteGs dau-hter 5a<el White Frederick Collin (S&B !" & ' William H. WelchGs cousin William Welch Collin (S&B !""& ' William H. WelchGs cousin Sen. Frederic Collin Walcott (S&B !* & ' William H. WelchGs ne8hew William Stuart Walcott (S&B !*/& ' William H. WelchGs ne8hew >ohn Sar-ent (ills<ur7 >r. (S&B *,:& ' former (ills<ur7 Chairman (hili8 W. (ills<ur7Gs cousin1 son of former (ills<ur7 Chairman >ohn Sar-ent (ills<ur7 6dmund (ennin-ton (ills<ur7 (S&B *,3& ' former (ills<ur7 Chairman (hili8 W. (ills<ur7Gs cousin1 >.S. (ills<ur7 >r.Gs <rother Winston ;ord (S&B *:*& ' son of Oswald Bates ;ord (S&B *43&1 former (ills<ur7 Chairman (hili8 W. (ills<ur7Gs ne8hew Oswald Bates ;ord (S&B *43& ' former (ills<ur7 Chairman (hili8 W. (ills<ur7Gs <rother%in%law1 married to 5ar7 (ills<ur7 ;ord# sister of former (ills<ur7 Chairman (hili8 W. (ills<ur7 K(ills<ur7 Chairman (hili8 W. (ills<ur7 was not a mem<er of Skull & Bones.L Arthur Twinin- Hadle7 (S&B !"3& ' 5orris Hadle7Gs father1 married ;uFon B. 5orrisGs dau-hter Helen Harrison 5orris ;uFon B. 5orris (S&B !:/& ' 5orris Hadle7Gs -randfather1 Arthur Twinin- Hadle7Gs father%in%law $a7 5orris (S&B *+ & ' 5orris Hadle7Gs uncle1 son of Governor of Connecticut ;uFon B. 5orris (S&B !:/& Hamilton Hadle7 (S&B * *& ' 5orris Hadle7Gs <rother1 Arthur Twinin- Hadle7Gs son 6dmund Coffin (S&B !33& ' father of William Sloane Coffin (S&B *++& Henr7 Sloane Coffin (S&B !*"& ' <rother of William Sloane Coffin (S&B *++& William Sloane Coffin >r. (S&B */*& ' son of William Sloane Coffin (S&B *++& >ames Coffin (S&B !3!& ' uncle of William Sloane Coffin (S&B !33&1 <rother of 6dmund Coffin (S&B !33& Henr7 T. Sloane (S&B !33& ' uncle of William Sloane Coffin (S&B *++& Thomas C. Sloane (S&B !3!& ' uncle of William Sloane Coffin (S&B *++&1 <rother of Henr7 T. Sloane (S&B !33& William Sloane (S&B !*:& ' cousin of William Sloane Coffin (S&B *++&1 ne8hew of Henr7 T. Sloane (S&B !33& >ohn Sloane (S&B *+:& ' cousin of William Sloane Coffin (S&B *++&1 ne8hew of Henr7 T. Sloane (S&B !33& Walter B. >ames (S&B !"*& ' <rother of Henr7 Ammon >ames (S&B !"/& 9orman >ames (S&B !*+& ' <rother of Henr7 Ammon >ames (S&B !"/& $o<ert C. >ames (S&B !*/& ' <rother of Henr7 Ammon >ames (S&B !"/& 6ller7 Sed-wick >ames (S&B * "& ' son of Henr7 Ammon >ames (S&B !"/& Geor-e Griswold Haven (S&B !!"& ' son%in%law of Henr7 Ammon >ames (S&B !"/&1 married his dau-hter =oroth7 >ames ;ucius F. $o<inson (S&B !/,& ' uncle of Arthur ;effin-well Shi8man (S&B !!3& ;ucius F. $o<inson (S&B !!:& ' cousin of Arthur ;effin-well Shi8man (S&B !!3& Henr7 Se7mour $o<inson (S&B !!*& ' cousin of Arthur ;effin-well Shi8man (S&B !!3& >ohn Trum<ull $o<inson (S&B !*,& ' cousin of Arthur ;effin-well Shi8man (S&B !!3& >ohn Trum<ull $o<inson >r. (S&B *,"& ' second cousin of Arthur ;effin-well Shi8man (S&B !!3& $e8. Henr7 Cham8ion =emin- (S&B !,3& ' -reat%uncle of Arthur ;effin-well Shi8man (S&B !!3& Charles Clerc =emin- (S&B !"4& ' second cousin of Arthur ;effin-well Shi8man (S&B !!3& Henr7 Cham8ion =emin- (S&B !"4& ' second cousin of Arthur ;effin-well Shi8man (S&B !!3& ;aurent Clerc =emin- (S&B !!,& ' second cousin of Arthur ;effin-well Shi8man (S&B !!3& >ohn Trum<ull $o<inson (S&B !*,& ' <rother of ;ucius F. $o<inson (S&B !!:& Henr7 Se7mour $o<inson (S&B !!*& ' <rother of ;ucius F. $o<inson (S&B !!:& ;ucius Franklin $o<inson (S&B !/,& ' uncle of ;ucius F. $o<inson (S&B !!:& Arthur ;effin-well Shi8man (S&B !!3& ' cousin of ;ucius F. $o<inson (S&B !!:& >ohn Trum<ull $o<inson >r. (S&B *,"& ' son of >ohn Trum<ull $o<inson (S&B !*,&1 ne8hew of ;ucius F. $o<inson (S&B !!:& Adrian 2an Sinderen ;am<ert (S&B !*,& ' <rother%in%law of ;ucius F. $o<inson (S&B !!:&1 married $o<insonGs sister 5ar7 S. $o<inson ;am<ert >ames Barcla7 Cooke (S&B !*,& ' <rother%in%law of ;ucius F. $o<inson (S&B !!:& Walter 6vans Cooke (S&B !*:& ' <rother%in%law of ;ucius F. $o<inson (S&B !!:& $o<ert B. Cooke (S&B *,3& ' son of Walter 6vans Cooke (S&B !*:&1 ne8hew (<7 marria-e& of ;ucius F. $o<inson (S&B !!:&

Geor-e H. Townsend (S&B *+!& ' <rother%in%law of =wi-ht H. =a7 (S&B !**&1 son of William ?neeland Townsend (S&B !" & Huntin-ton Townsend =a7 (S&B *4,& ' son of =wi-ht H. =a7 (S&B !**&1 -randson of William ?neeland Townsend (S&B !" & >ames 5ulford Townsend (S&B !"/& ' <rother of William ?neeland Townsend (S&B !" & >ames 5ulford Townsend >r. (S&B *+!& ' ne8hew of William ?neeland Townsend (S&B !" & =wi-ht Huntin-ton =a7 (S&B !**& ' son%in%law of William ?neeland Townsend (S&B !" & William 6. =a7 (S&B *+4& ' <rother of =wi-ht Huntin-ton =a7 (S&B !**& 6li Whitne7 Blake >r. (S&B !:"& ' <rother of Henr7 Ta7lor Blake (S&B !/!& 6dward Foster Blake (S&B !:!& ' <rother of Henr7 Ta7lor Blake (S&B !/!& Ale0ander 5acWhorter (S&B !/4& ' <rother%in%law of Henr7 Ta7lor Blake (S&B !/!&1 married Henrietta W. Blake >ohn Frank Seel7 (S&B !3+& ' <rother%in%law of Henr7 Ta7lor Blake (S&B !/!&1 married 6liFa 5. Blake Henr7 Coit ?in-sle7 (S&B !,/& ' <rother%in%law of Henr7 T. Blake (S&B !/!&1 Blake married ?in-sle7Gs sister 6liFa<eth Coit ?in-sle7 Thomas Burr Os<orne (S&B !! & ' ne8hew of Henr7 T. Blake (S&B !/!& Arthur Sherwood Os<orne (S&B !!4& ' ne8hew of Henr7 T. Blake (S&B !/!&1 son of Frances ;ouisa Blake Os<orne (Henr7 T. BlakeGs sister& Thomas Anthon7 Thacher (S&B !,:& ' father of Sherman =a7 Thacher (S&B !!,& >ames ?. Thacher (S&B !3!& ' half%<rother of Sherman =a7 Thacher (S&B !!,& Thomas Thacher (S&B !" & ' half%<rother of Sherman =a7 Thacher (S&B !!,& >ohn Se7mour Thacher (S&B !""& ' half%<rother of Sherman =a7 Thacher (S&B !!,& William ;arned Thacher (S&B !!"& ' <rother of Sherman =a7 Thacher (S&B !!,& Thomas =. Thacher (S&B *+/& ' ne8hew of Sherman =a7 Thacher (S&B !!,& $e8. William ?ent (S&B !!"& ' <rother%in%law of Sherman =a7 Thacher (S&B !!,& Thomas 5ills =a7 (S&B !!3& ' <rother of Clive =a7 (S&B !*4& Arthur (omero7 =a7 (S&B !*+& ' <rother of Clive =a7 (S&B !*4& Thomas 5ills =a7 (S&B !,"& ' father of Clive =a7 (S&B !*4& Charlton 5. ;ewis (S&B !!3& ' <rother%in%law of Clive =a7 (S&B !*4& Henr7 Coit ?in-sle7 (S&B !,/& ' cousin of former (resident of >ohns Ho8kins )niversit7 =aniel Coit Gilman (S&B !:4& >ose8h (arrish Thom8son (S&B !,!& ' <rother%in%law of =aniel Coit Gilman (S&B !:4&1 married to =aniel Coit GilmanGs sister 6liFa<eth C. Gilman BenCamin Silliman >r. (S&B !,"& ' <rother%in%law of =aniel C. Gilman (S&B !:4&1 =aniel Coit GilmanGs <rother 6dward W. Gilman married BenCamin Silliman >r.Gs sister >ulia Silliman 9otesB $everend >eremiah =a7Gs son >eremiah =a7 (@ale Class of "*:& was (resident of @ale Colle-e ( ! "% !/3&. Senator $o-er Sherman Baldwin was the -randson of $o-er Sherman# the si-ner of the =eclaration of Ande8endence. Senator $o-er Sherman Baldwin was not a mem<er of Skull & Bones. Henr7 Ta7lor BlakeGs -reat%uncle was 6li Whitne7 (@ale Class of "*4&# inventor of the cotton -in. Henr7 Ta7lor BlakeGs -reat%-reat%-reat -randfather was $ev. >ames (ier8ont# Foundin- Trustee of @ale Colle-e ;ucius F. $o<inson (S&B !!:& married 6linor ;avinia Cooke# sister of >. Barcla7 Cooke (S&B !*,& and Walter 6. Cooke (S&B !*:&

=escendants of the Foundin- Fathers Charles F. >ohnson (S&B !::& ' -reat%-randson of William Samuel >ohnson# si-ner of the Constitution# (resident of Colum<ia )niversit7 ( "!"% !++&# and ).S. Senator (F%Connecticut# "!*% "* & William Huntin-ton $ussell (S&B !,,& ' -rand%ne8hew of Samuel Huntin-ton# si-ner of the =eclaration of Ande8endence# (resident of the Continental Con-ress ( ""*% "! &# and Governor of Connecticut ( "!3% "*3& (ierre >a7 (S&B !*4& ' -reat%-reat%-reat%-randson of William ;ivin-ston (B.A. "/ &# si-ner of the Constitution# 5em<er of the Continental Con-ress (>ul7 4,# ""/%>une 44# ""3&# and Governor of 9ew >erse7 ( ""3% "*+&1 -reat%-reat%-randson of >ohn >a7# si-ner of the Constitution# Chief >ustice of the ).S. Su8reme Court (Se8t. 43# "!*%>une 4*# "*:&# and Governor of 9ew @ork (>ul7 # "*:%>une ,+# !+ & >ose8h C. >ackson (S&B !:"& ' -reat%-randson of Oliver Wolcott# si-ner of the =eclaration of Ande8endence# 5em<er of Continental Con-ress ( ""3% ""!# "!+% "!,&# ;ieutenant Governor of Connecticut ( "!3% "*3& and Governor of Connecticut ( "*3% "*"& =escendants of $o-er Sherman# si-ner of the =eclaration of Ande8endence and the ).S. Constitution Frederick $o-er Sherman (S&B !,3& ' $o-er ShermanGs -randson William 5a0well 6varts (S&B !,"& ' $o-er ShermanGs -randson Sherman 6varts (S&B !! & ' $o-er ShermanGs -reat%-randson 5a0well 6varts (S&B !!/& ' $o-er ShermanGs -reat%-randson Sherman =a7 Thacher (S&B !!,& ' $o-er ShermanGs -reat%-randson William ;arned Thacher (S&B !!"& ' $o-er ShermanGs -reat%-randson Henr7 =7er White (S&B !: & ' $o-er ShermanGs -reat%-randson Charles Atwood White (S&B !:/& ' $o-er ShermanGs -reat%-randson $o-er Sherman White (S&B !:*& ' $o-er ShermanGs -reat%-randson Oliver Sherman White (S&B !3/& ' $o-er ShermanGs -reat%-randson Geor-e 6dward White (S&B !33& ' $o-er ShermanGs -reat%-randson $o-er Sherman Baldwin >r. (S&B !/"& ' $o-er Sherman -reat%-randson Geor-e William Baldwin (S&B !:,& ' $o-er ShermanGs -reat%-randson Simeon 6<en Baldwin (S&B !3 & ' $o-er ShermanGs -reat%-randson Henr7 =eForest Baldwin (S&B !!:& ' $o-er ShermanGs -reat%-reat%-randson 6dward Baldwin Whitne7 (S&B !"!& ' $o-er ShermanGs -reat%-reat%-randson $o-er Sherman Baldwin Foster (S&B !"!& ' $o-er ShermanGs -reat%-reat%-randson $e-inald Foster (S&B !!/& ' $o-er ShermanGs -reat%-reat%-randson Sherman Baldwin (S&B * *& ' $o-er ShermanGs -reat%-reat%-reat%-randson 5a0well 6varts Foster (S&B *4,& ' $o-er ShermanGs -reat%-reat%-reat%-randson Chaunce7 5. =e8ew (S&B !:3& ' $o-er ShermanGs -reat%-reat -randne8hew =escendants of William Bradford# first Governor of (l7mouth Colon7 $o<ert We<ster =a7 (S&B !":& ' -reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-randson of William Bradford Simeon 6<en Baldwin (S&B !3 & ' -reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-randson of William Bradford $o-er Sherman Baldwin >r. (S&B !/"& ' -reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-randson of William Bradford Geor-e William Baldwin (S&B !:,& ' -reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-randson of William Bradford William C. Whitne7 (S&B !3,& ' -reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-randson of William Bradford Harr7 (a7ne Whitne7 (S&B !*/& ' -reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-randson of William Bradford (a7ne Whitne7 (S&B !*!& ' -reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-randson of William Bradford 6dward Baldwin Whitne7 (S&B !"!& ' -reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-randson of William Bradford $o-er Sherman Baldwin Foster (S&B !"!& ' -reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-randson of William Bradford $e-inald Foster (S&B !!/& ' -reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-randson of William Bradford 5a0well 6varts Foster (S&B *4,& ' -reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-randson of William Bradford ;eBaron Bradford Colt (S&B !3!&

=escendants of $everend >eremiah =a7 (@ale Class of ":3& Thomas 5ills =a7 (S&B !,"& ' $everend >eremiah =a7Gs -randson1 @ale (resident >eremiah =a7Gs ne8hew Thomas 5ills =a7 (S&B !!3& ' $everend >eremiah =a7Gs -reat%-randson Arthur (omero7 =a7 (S&B !*+& ' $everend >eremiah =a7Gs -reat%-randson Clive =a7 (S&B !*4& ' $everend >eremiah =a7Gs -reat%-randson $o<ert We<ster =a7 (S&B !":& ' $everend >eremiah =a7Gs -reat%-randson >ames ?. Thacher (S&B !3!& ' $everend >eremiah =a7Gs -reat%-randson1 @ale (resident >eremiah =a7Gs -randson Thomas Thacher (S&B !" & ' $everend >eremiah =a7Gs -reat%-randson1 @ale (resident >eremiah =a7Gs -randson >ohn Se7mour Thacher (S&B !""& ' $everend >eremiah =a7Gs -reat%-randson1 @ale (resident >eremiah =a7Gs -randson Thomas =. Thacher (S&B *+/& ' $everend >eremiah =a7Gs -reat%-reat%-randson1 @ale (resident >eremiah =a7Gs -reat%-randson Charles Se7mour (S&B *+!& ' $everend >eremiah =a7Gs -reat%-reat%-randson Charles Se7mour >r. (S&B *,:& ' $everend >eremiah =a7Gs -reat%-reat%-reat%-randson =escendants of $everend >onathan 6dwards (@ale Class of "4+# (resident of (rinceton )niversit7 ( ":!&# and author of Sinners in t e )ands of an (n"ry /od ( "/ && Timoth7 =wi-ht (S&B !/*& ' $everend >onathan 6dwardsG -reat%-reat%-randson Charles Frederick >ohnson (S&B !::& ' $everend >onathan 6dwardsG -reat%-reat%-randson Theodore Salis<ur7 Woolse7 (S&B !"4& ' $everend >onathan 6dwardsG -reat%-reat%-randson Thomas Hooker (S&B !3*& ' $everend >onathan 6dwardsG -reat%-reat%-reat%-randson Arthur $eed ?im<all (S&B !""& ' $everend >onathan 6dwardsG -reat%-reat%-reat%-randson Heathcote 5uirson Woolse7 (S&B *+"& ' $everend >onathan 6dwardsG -reat%-reat%-reat%-randson Winthro8 6dwards =wi-ht (S&B !*,& ' $everend >onathan 6dwardsG -reat%-reat%-reat%-randson =escendants of 9oah We<ster (@ale Class of ""!& $o<ert We<ster =a7 (S&B !":& ' 9oah We<sterGs -reat%-randson =escendants of $everend >ames (ier8ont (Ori-inal Trustee of @ale )niversit7 ( "+ % " /&& William Huntin-ton $ussell (S&B !,,& ' $everend >ames (ier8ontGs -reat%-reat%-randson (hili8 Gra7 $ussell (S&B !"3& ' $everend >ames (ier8ontGs -reat%-reat%-reat%-randson Timoth7 =wi-ht (S&B !/*& ' $everend >ames (ier8ontGs -reat%-reat%-reat%-randson Charles Frederick >ohnson (S&B !::& ' $everend >ames (ier8ontGs -reat%-reat%-reat%-randson Theodore Salis<ur7 Woolse7 (S&B !"4& ' $everend >ames (ier8ontGs -reat%-reat%-reat%-randson Thomas Hooker (S&B !3*& ' $everend >ames (ier8ontGs -reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-randson Arthur $eed ?im<all (S&B !""& ' $everend >ames (ier8ontGs -reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-randson Heathcote 5uirson Woolse7 (S&B *+"& ' $everend >ames (ier8ontGs -reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-randson Winthro8 6dwards =wi-ht (S&B !*,& ' $everend >ames (ier8ontGs -reat%-reat%-reat%-reat%-randson 9otesB ).S. 2ice (resident Aaron Burr >r. was the -reat%-randson of $everend >ames (ier8ont and -randson of $everend >onathan 6dwards. American financier >ohn (ier8ont 5or-an Sr. was the -reat%-reat%-reat%-randson of $everend >ames (ier8ont. $everend >onathan 6dwards was married to Sarah (ier8ont# the dau-hter of $everend >ames (ier8ont. William Huntin-ton $ussellGs -reat%-randmother was 5ar7 (ier8ont# the dau-hter of $everend >ames (ier8ont.

Sons of Government OfficialsB $ichard Ta7lor (S&B !/:& ' son of former ).S. (resident Machar7 Ta7lor Geor-e W. Bush (S&B *3!& ' son of former ).S. (resident Geor-e H.W. Bush (S&B */!& $o<ert A. Taft (S&B * +& ' son of former ).S. (resident and ).S. Su8reme Court Chief >ustice William Howard Taft (S&B !"!& Charles (. Taft AA (S&B * !& ' son of former ).S. (resident and ).S. Su8reme Court Chief >ustice William Howard Taft (S&B !"!& William 6ldred >ackson (S&B */ & ' son of former ).S. Su8reme Court >ustice and 9urem<ur- 8rosecutor $o<ert H. >ackson Samuel Henshaw Bates (S&B !,,& ' son of former ).S. Senator Asaac C. Bates $o-er Sherman Baldwin >r. (S&B !/"& ' son of former ).S. Senator and Governor of Connecticut $o-er Sherman Baldwin Geor-e William Baldwin (S&B !:,& ' son of former ).S. Senator and Governor of Connecticut $o-er Sherman Baldwin Simeon 6<en Baldwin (S&B !3 & ' son of former ).S. Senator and Governor of Connecticut $o-er Sherman Baldwin Chester 5itchell =awes (S&B !"3& ' son of former ).S. Senator Henr7 ;aurens =awes 6u-ene Hale >r. (S&B !*!& ' son of former ).S. Senator 6u-ene Hale Winthro8 5urra7 Crane >r. (S&B *+/& ' son of former ).S. Senator and Governor of 5assachusetts Winthro8 5urra7 Crane >ames >. Wadsworth (S&B *4"& ' son of former ).S. Senator >ames W. Wadsworth >r. (S&B !*!& Charles Tiffan7 Bin-ham (S&B *4!& ' son of former ).S. Senator Hiram Bin-ham $e8. >onathan B. Bin-ham (S&B *,3& ' son of former ).S. Senator Hiram Bin-ham Geor-e H.W. Bush (S&B */!& ' son of former ).S. Senator (rescott S. Bush (S&B * "& >onathan >ames Bush (S&B *:,& ' son of former ).S. Senator (rescott S. Bush (S&B * "& Thruston B. 5orton >r. (S&B *:/& ' son of former ).S. Senator Thruston B. 5orton Gideon Gran-er (S&B !/,& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman Francis Gran-er Stanle7 Woodward (S&B !::& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman Geor-e Washin-ton Woodward Green Cla7 (S&B !:*& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman Brutus >unius Cla7 Henr7 Warren $a7mond (S&B !3*& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman Henr7 >arvis $a7mond Charles Clerc =emin- (S&B !"4& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman Henr7 Cham8ion =emin- (S&B !,3& Henr7 Cham8ion =emin- (S&B !"4& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman Henr7 Cham8ion =emin- (S&B !,3& ;aurent Clerc =emin- (S&B !!,& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman Henr7 Cham8ion =emin- (S&B !,3& >ames Wilton Brooks (S&B !":& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman >ames Brooks Geor-e Forris Foster (S&B !"*& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman Wilder =e A7r Foster Oliver =avid Thom8son (S&B !"*& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman >ohn 5cCandless Thom8son Timoth7 ;. Woodruff (S&B !"*& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman >ohn Woodruff Sen. Frank B. Brande-ee (S&B !!:& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman Au-ustus Brande-ee (S&B !/*& Stanford Ta88an Cra8o (S&B !!3& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman William Wallace Cra8o (S&B !:4& Sheffield (hel8s (S&B !!3& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman William Walter (hel8s (S&B !3+& Charles (. ?ello-- (S&B !*+& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman Ste8hen W. ?ello-- (S&B !/3& >ohn Barnes Townsend (S&B !* & ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman Hosea Townsend Frank S. Butterworth (S&B !*:& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman BenCamin Butterworth Sen. >ames W. Wadsworth >r. (S&B !*!& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman >ames W. Wadsworth Carroll Fuller Sweet (S&B !**& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman 6dwin F. Sweet (S&B !" & William 6.S. Griswold (S&B !**& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman 5atthew Griswold =wi-ht T. Griswold (S&B *+!& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman 5atthew Griswold Clarence 6mir Allen >r. (S&B * ,& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman Clarence 6mir Allen >ohn Allen 5iner Thomas (S&B *4/& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman Henr7 Cla7 5iner >ohn Baker Hollister >r. (S&B */*& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman >ohn B. Hollister 5artin West 2or7s (S&B *:4& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman >ohn 5artin 2or7s (S&B * !& Sen. =avid ;. Boren (S&B *3,& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman ;7le H. Boren Walker Blaine (S&B !"3& ' son of former ).S. Secretar7 of State# ).S. Senator# and S8eaker of the House >ames G. Blaine Sherman 6varts (S&B !! & ' son of former ).S. Secretar7 of State and ).S. Senator William 5a0well 6varts (S&B !,"& 5a0well 6varts (S&B !!/& ' son of former ).S. Secretar7 of State and ).S. Senator William 5a0well 6varts (S&B !,"& Thomas Francis Ba7ard >r. (S&B !*+& ' son of former ).S. Secretar7 of State and ).S. Senator Thomas F. Ba7ard Hu-h Smith ?no0 (S&B *+"& ' son of former ).S. Secretar7 of State and ).S. Senator (hilander Chase ?no0 =avid Cam8ion Acheson (S&B */,& ' son of former ).S. Secretar7 of State =ean G. Acheson (eter $awson Taft (S&B !3"& ' son of former Secretar7 of War Al8honso Taft (S&B !,,& William Howard Taft (S&B !"!& ' son of former Secretar7 of War Al8honso Taft (S&B !,,& Henr7 W. Taft (S&B !!+& ' son of former Secretar7 of War Al8honso Taft (S&B !,,& Horace =utton Taft (S&B !!,& ' son of former Secretar7 of War Al8honso Taft (S&B !,,& Geor-e Bruce Cortel7ou (S&B * ,& ' son of former Secretar7 of the Treasur7 Geor-e Bruce Cortel7ou Harr7 (a7ne Whitne7 (S&B !*/& ' son of former Secretar7 of the 9av7 William C. Whitne7 (S&B !3,& (a7ne Whitne7 (S&B !*!& ' son of former Secretar7 of the 9av7 William C. Whitne7 (S&B !3,& William Wallace Cra8o (S&B !:4& ' son of former Governor of 5ichi-an Henr7 Howland Cra8o 2incent 5armaduke (S&B !:4& ' son of former Governor of 5issouri 5eredith 5iles 5armaduke $a7 5orris (S&B *+ & ' son of former Governor of Connecticut ;uFon B. 5orris (S&B !:/& 6dward Curtis Smith (S&B !":& ' son of former Governor of 2ermont >ohn Gre-or7 Smith >ames Gre-or7 Smith (S&B * 4& ' son of former Governor of 2ermont 6dward Curtis Smith (S&B !":& Henr7 Burrall 5ason (S&B !"+& ' son of former 5a7or of Chica-o $oswell B. 5ason (5a7or# !3*% !" & Alfred Bisho8 5ason (S&B !" & ' son of former 5a7or of Chica-o $oswell B. 5ason (otter Stewart (S&B *,"& ' son of former 5a7or of Cincinnati >ames Garfield Stewart (5a7or# *,!% */"& Me8h Stewart (S&B */,& ' son of former 5a7or of Cincinnati >ames Garfield Stewart ;ucius F. $o<inson (S&B !!:& ' son of former 5a7or of Hartford (Connecticut& Henr7 Cornelius $o<inson (5a7or# !"4% !"/& Henr7 Se7mour $o<inson (S&B !!*& ' son of former 5a7or of Hartford Henr7 Cornelius $o<inson >ohn Trum<ull $o<inson (S&B !*,& ' son of former 5a7or of Hartford Henr7 Cornelius $o<inson ;ewis A<<ot ;a8ham (S&B *, & ' son of former 5a7or of San Francisco (California& $o-er =. ;a8ham (5a7or# *//% */!& Henr7 ;ear (S&B !3*& ' son of former Attorne7 General of (enns7lvania Geor-e ;ear

Grandsons# Great%Grandsons# and Fathers of Government OfficialsB $ichard Warren (ershin- (S&B *33& ' -randson of former ).S. Arm7 General and ).S. Arm7 Chief of Staff >ohn >. (ershin5orison $. Waite (S&B !!!& ' -randson of former ).S. Su8reme Court Chief >ustice 5orrison $. Waite (S&B !,"& >ohn =onnell Smith (S&B !/"& ' -randson of former Secretar7 of State and Secretar7 of the 9av7 $o<ert Smith Frederic William Stevens (S&B !:!& ' -randson of former Secretar7 of the Treasur7 Al<ert Gallatin Sen. $o<ert A. Taft (S&B * +& ' -randson of former Secretar7 of War Alfonso Taft (S&B !,,& Charles (hel8s Taft AA (S&B * !& ' -randson of former Secretar7 of War Alfonso Taft (S&B !,,& Gideon Gran-er (S&B !/,& ' -randson of former ).S. (ostmaster%General Gideon Gran-er Geor-e An-ersoll Wood (S&B !,,& ' -randson of former ).S. Senator and former ).S. Su8reme Court Chief >ustice Oliver 6llsworth 6u-ene Hale >r. (S&B !*!& ' -randson of former ).S. Senator and Secretar7 of the Anterior Machariah Chandler BenCamin Silliman >r. (S&B !,"& ' -randson of former ).S. Senator and Governor of Connecticut >onathan Trum<ull >r. 6dward Baldwin Whitne7 (S&B !"!& ' -randson of former ).S. Senator and Governor of Connecticut $o-er Sherman Baldwin $o-er Sherman Baldwin Foster (S&B !"!& ' -randson of former ).S. Senator and Governor of Connecticut $o-er Sherman Baldwin $e-inald Foster (S&B !!/& ' -randson of former ).S. Senator and Governor of Connecticut $o-er Sherman Baldwin Frederick $o-er Sherman (S&B !,3& ' -randson of former ).S. Senator $o-er Sherman William 5a0well 6varts (S&B !,"& ' -randson of former ).S. Senator $o-er Sherman >ose8h Bradle7 2arnum (S&B !,!& ' -randson of former ).S. Senator >ose8h Bradle7 2arnum =wi-ht Foster (S&B !/!& ' -randson of former ).S. Senator =wi-ht Foster $o<<ins ;ittle (S&B !: & ' -randson of former ).S. Senator Asher $o<<ins Thomas Francis Ba7ard >r. (S&B !*+& ' -randson of former ).S. Senator >ames A. Ba7ard >r. Harr7 (a7ne Whitne7 (S&B !*/& ' -randson of former ).S. Senator Henr7 B. (a7ne (a7ne Whitne7 (S&B !*!& ' -randson of former ).S. Senator Henr7 B. (a7ne Geor-e W. Bush (S&B *3!& ' -randson of former ).S. Senator (rescott S. Bush (S&B * "& Horace =utton Taft (S&B *!:& ' -randson of former ).S. Senator $o<ert A. Taft (S&B * +& William ;aw ;earned (S&B !/ & ' -randson of former ).S. Con-ressman Amasa ;earned >ohn William Sterlin- (S&B !3/& ' -randson of former ).S. Con-ressman =avid (lant >ohn Butler Woodward (S&B !!,& ' -randson of former ).S. Con-ressman Geor-e Washin-ton Woodward =onald Thom8son (S&B *+,& ' -randson of former ).S. Con-ressman >ohn 5cCandless Thom8son >ames >. Wadsworth (S&B *4"& ' -randson of former ).S. Con-ressman >ames W. Wadsworth Arthur >o7 =ra8er (S&B *,"& ' -randson of former ).S. Con-ressman and ).S. Am<assador to Atal7 William F. =ra8er William Griswold ;ane (S&B !/,& ' -randson of former ).S. Con-ressman and Governor of Connecticut $o-er Griswold Samuel >ohnson Walker (S&B !!!& ' -randson of former ).S. Con-ressman and Governor of ?entuck7 Charles Slau-hter 5orehead Hu-h Aiken Ba7ne (S&B !*4& ' -randson of former ).S. Con-ressman and Governor of Ala<ama >ohn Ga7le Stanford Ta88an Cra8o (S&B !!3& ' -randson of former Governor of 5ichi-an Henr7 Howland Cra8o William Hall Brace (ratt (S&B !3/& ' -randson of former 5a7or of Hartford Thomas ?. Brace Charles F. >ohnson (S&B !::& ' -reat%-randson of former ).S. Senator William Samuel >ohnson $o-er Sherman Baldwin Foster (S&B !"!& ' -reat%-randson of former ).S. Senator =wi-ht Foster $e-inald Foster (S&B !!/& ' -reat%-randson of former ).S. Senator =wi-ht Foster William 6.S. Griswold (S&B !**& ' -reat%-randson of former ).S. Con-ressman and Governor of Connecticut $o-er Griswold =wi-ht T. Griswold (S&B *+!& ' -reat%-randson of former ).S. Con-ressman and Governor of Connecticut $o-er Griswold William Hall Brace (ratt (S&B !3/& ' -reat%-randson of former ).S. Con-ressman and 5a7or of Hartford >onathan Brace =wi-ht Whitne7 ;earned (S&B !"+& ' -reat%-randson of former ).S. Con-ressman Amasa ;earned Almet F. >enks (S&B !":& ' -reat%-randson of first 5a7or of Boston >ohn (hilli8s BenCamin Silliman >r. (S&B !,"& ' -reat%-randson of former Governor of Connecticut >onathan Trum<ull Sr. >ose8h C. >ackson (S&B !:"& ' -reat%-randson of former Governor of Connecticut and =eclaration of Ande8endence si-ner Oliver Wolcott Al8honso Taft (S&B !,,& ' father of former ).S. (resident William Howard Taft (S&B !"!& (rescott S. Bush (S&B * "& ' father of former ).S. (resident Geor-e H.W. Bush (S&B */!& Geor-e H.W. Bush (S&B */!& ' father of ).S. (resident Geor-e W. Bush (S&B *3!& and former Governor of Florida >e< Bush Howard 5alcolm Baldri-e (S&B * !& ' father of former Secretar7 of Commerce 5alcolm Baldri-e Harve7 H. Bund7 (S&B *+*& ' father of former 9ational Securit7 Advisor 5cGeor-e Bund7 (S&B */+& and former Assistant Secretar7 of State William (. Bund7 (S&B *,*& Thomas Thacher (S&B !" & ' father of ).S. Solicitor General Thomas =. Thacher (S&B *+/& William Howard Taft (S&B !"!& ' father of former ).S. Senator and Senate 5aCorit7 ;eader $o<ert A. Taft (S&B * +& and former 5a7or of Cincinnati Charles (. Taft AA (S&B * !& $e8. Au-ustus Brande-ee (S&B !/*& ' father of former ).S. Senator Frank B. Brande-ee (S&B !!:& Ga7or G. =ominick (S&B *+*& ' father of former ).S. Senator (eter H. =ominick Henr7 >ohn HeinF AA (S&B *, & ' father of former ).S. Senator H. >. HeinF AAA >ohn H. Chafee (S&B */"& ' father of ).S. Senator ;incoln =. Chafee Al<ert 6mmett ?ent (S&B !:,& ' father of former ).S. Con-ressman William ?ent (S&B !!"& Burton 9orvell Harrison (S&B !:*& ' father of former ).S. Con-ressman Francis Burton Harrison (S&B !*:& William Sin-er 5oorhead (S&B *+3& ' father of former ).S. Con-ressman William Sin-er 5oorhead >r. (S&B */:& =avid ;. Boren (S&B *3,& ' father of ).S. Con-ressman =an Boren Sen. >ames W. Wadsworth >r. (S&B !*!& ' father of former ).S. $e8resentative to the )9 >ames >. Wadsworth (S&B *4"& (a7ne Whitne7 (S&B !*!& ' father of former ).S. Am<assador to Great Britain >ohn Ha7 Whitne7 William 5cCormick Blair (S&B *+"& ' father of former ).S. Am<assador to the (hili88ines William 5cCormick Blair >r. Oswald Bates ;ord (S&B *43& ' father of former ).S. Am<assador to $ed China Winston ;ord (S&B *:*& Geor-e Her<ert Walker >r. (S&B *4"& ' father of former ).S. Am<assador to Hun-ar7 Geor-e Her<ert Walker AAA (S&B *:,& Alfred Gw7nne 2ander<ilt (S&B !**& ' father of former Governor of $hode Asland William H. 2ander<ilt Henr7 5cCormick (S&B !:4& ' father of 2ance C. 5cCormick# former 5a7or of Harris<ur-# (enns7lvania ( *+4% *+:& Alvan (inne7 H7de (S&B !/:& ' father of former 5a7or of Hartford (Connecticut& William Waldo H7de (S&B !"3&

Sons of BonesmenB Frederick Baldwin Adams >r. (S&B *,4& ' son of Frederick Baldwin Adams (S&B *++& 6dwin 6. Aiken (S&B !! & ' son of William (. Aiken (S&B !:,& Sherman Baldwin (S&B * *& ' son of Henr7 =eForest Baldwin (S&B !!:& Hu-h Aiken Ba7ne (S&B !*4& ' son of former Confederate Colonel Thomas ;. Ba7ne (S&B !/"& 6dward 5anross Bentle7 (S&B !!+& ' son of 6dward Warren Bentle7 (S&B !:+& ;ucius Horatio Bi-low >r. (S&B */!& ' son of ;ucius Horatio Bi-low (S&B *+!& 6dward Boltwood (S&B !*4& ' son of 6dward Boltwood (S&B !3+& Amor7 Howe Bradford (S&B *,/& ' son of Arthur Howe Bradford (S&B *+:& Sen. Frank B. Brande-ee (S&B !!:& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman Au-ustus Brande-ee (S&B !/*& Frederic Hiester Brooke >r. (S&B *,"& ' son of Frederic Hiester Brooke (S&B !**& Christo8her Ta7lor Buckle7 (S&B *":& ' son of 9ational $eview 6ditor%in%Chief William F. Buckle7 >r. (S&B *:+& William (. Bund7 (S&B *,*& ' son of Harve7 H. Bund7 (S&B *+*& 5cGeor-e Bund7 (S&B */+& ' son of Harve7 H. Bund7 (S&B *+*& Geor-e H.W. Bush (S&B */!& ' son of former ).S. Senator (rescott S. Bush (S&B * "& >onathan >ames Bush (S&B *:,& ' son of former ).S. Senator (rescott S. Bush (S&B * "& Geor-e W. Bush (S&B *3!& ' son of former ).S. (resident Geor-e H.W. Bush (S&B */!& ;7on Carter (S&B * :& ' son of $everend Charles F. Carter (S&B !"!& Frederic =. Carter (S&B * *& ' son of $everend Charles F. Carter (S&B !"!& William Sloane Coffin >r. (S&B */*& ' son of William Sloane Coffin (S&B *++& $o<ert B. Cooke (S&B *,3& ' son of Walter 6vans Cooke (S&B !*:& Alfred Cowles AAA (S&B * ,& ' son of Alfred Cowles >r. (S&B !!3& Stanford Ta88an Cra8o (S&B !!3& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman William Wallace Cra8o (S&B !:4& Al<ert Hastin-s Cros<7 (S&B *44& ' son of >ohn Cros<7 (S&B !*+& Henr7 Stetson Cros<7 (S&B *43& ' son of >ohn Cros<7 (S&B !*+& Alan Whitmore Cross (S&B *33& ' son of $ichard >ames Cross (S&B *,"& William $edmond Cross >r. (S&B */ & ' son of William $edmond Cross (S&B !*3& >ohn Hancock =aniels (S&B */,& ' son of Thomas ;. =aniels (S&B * /& Thomas F. =avies (S&B !*/& ' son of former (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 of =iocese of 5ichi-an Thomas F. =avies (S&B !:,& 6ndicott (ea<od7 =avison (S&B */:& ' son of F. Tru<ee =avison (S&B * !& =aniel (. =avison (S&B */*& ' son of F. Tru<ee =avison (S&B * !& Henr7 (omero7 =avison (S&B *!/& ' son of =aniel (. =avison (S&B */*& Thomas 5ills =a7 (S&B !!3& ' son of Thomas 5ills =a7 (S&B !,"& Arthur (omero7 =a7 (S&B !*+& ' son of Thomas 5ills =a7 (S&B !,"& Clive =a7 (S&B !*4& ' son of Thomas 5ills =a7 (S&B !,"& Huntin-ton Townsend =a7 (S&B *4,& ' son of =wi-ht Huntin-ton =a7 (S&B !**& Charles Clerc =emin- (S&B !"4& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman Henr7 Cham8ion =emin- (S&B !,3& Henr7 Cham8ion =emin- (S&B !"4& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman Henr7 Cham8ion =emin- (S&B !,3& ;aurent Clerc =emin- (S&B !!,& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman Henr7 Cham8ion =emin- (S&B !,3& Winthro8 6dwards =wi-ht (S&B !*,& ' son of former @ale )niversit7 (resident Timoth7 =wi-ht (S&B !/*& Sherman 6varts (S&B !! & ' son of former ).S. Secretar7 of State and ).S. Senator William 5a0well 6varts (S&B !,"& 5a0well 6varts (S&B !!/& ' son of former ).S. Secretar7 of State and ).S. Senator William 5a0well 6varts (S&B !,"& Alfred ;udlow Fer-uson >r. (S&B *43& ' son of Alfred ;udlow Fer-uson (S&B *+4& >ohn (ierre8ont C. Foster (S&B !3*& ' son of 6leaFar ?in-s<ur7 Foster (S&B !,/& $o-er Sherman Baldwin Foster (S&B !"!& ' son of =wi-ht Foster (S&B !/!& $e-inald Foster (S&B !!/& ' son of =wi-ht Foster (S&B !/!& 5a0well 6varts Foster (S&B *4,& ' son of $e-inald Foster (S&B !!/& William Ca<ell Gra7son >r. (S&B *""& ' son of William Ca<ell Gra7son (S&B *//& Samuel ;awrence Gwin >r. (S&B *3,& ' son of Samuel ;awrence Gwin (S&B *,+& 5orris Hadle7 (S&B * 3& ' son of former @ale )niversit7 (resident Arthur Twinin- Hadle7 (S&B !"3& Hamilton Hadle7 (S&B * *& ' son of former @ale )niversit7 (resident Arthur Twinin- Hadle7 (S&B !"3& Archer Harman >r. (S&B */:& ' son of Archer Harman (S&B * ,& Fairfa0 Harrison (S&B !*+& ' son of Burton 9orvell Harrison (S&B !:*& $e8. Francis Burton Harrison (S&B !*:& ' son of Burton 9orvell Harrison (S&B !:*& Henr7 Hitchcock (S&B !"*& ' son of Henr7 Hitchcock (S&B !/!& Henr7 Chandler Holt (S&B *+,& ' son of ).S. =istrict >ud-e Geor-e Chandler Holt (S&B !33& BenCamin Ho88in (S&B !"4& ' son of >ames 5ason Ho88in (S&B !/+& Harold Howe AA (S&B */+& ' son of Arthur Howe (S&B * 4& William Waldo H7de (S&B !"3& ' son of Alvan (inne7 H7de (S&B !/:& =avid S. An-alls >r. (S&B *:3& ' son of =avid S. An-alls (S&B *4+& 6ller7 Sed-wick >ames (S&B * "& ' son of Henr7 Ammon >ames (S&B !"/& Almet Francis >enks >r. (S&B * /& ' son of former 9ew @ork Su8reme Court >ustice Almet Francis >enks (S&B !":& $oss >ohnston (S&B !"+& ' son of Frank >ohnston (S&B !,:& Charles (. ?ello-- (S&B !*+& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman Ste8hen W. ?ello-- (S&B !/3& $e8. William ?ent (S&B !!"& ' son of Al<ert 6mmett ?ent (S&B !:,& Frederic ?ernochan (S&B !*!& ' son of >ose8h Frederic ?ernochan (S&B !3,& William ;lo7d ?itchel (S&B !*4& ' son of Cornelius ;. ?itchel (S&B !34& Allen T. ?lots >r. (S&B */,& ' son of Allen T. ?lot Sr. (S&B *+*&

Farwell ?na88 (S&B * 3& ' son of Howard Ho7t ?na88 (S&B !!4& Ale0ander ;am<ert (S&B !!/& ' son of 6dward W. ;am<ert (S&B !:/& Adrian 2an Sinderen ;am<ert (S&B !*,& ' son of 6dward W. ;am<ert (S&B !:/& Charles 6dwin ;ord AA (S&B */*& ' son of William Gale7 ;ord (S&B *44& Winston ;ord (S&B *:*& ' son of Oswald Bates ;ord (S&B *43& Chester Wolcott ;7man (S&B !!4& ' son of Chester Smith ;7man (S&B !,"& William Hitchcock 5ac;eish (S&B *:+& ' son of former ;i<rarian of Con-ress Archi<ald 5ac;eish (S&B * :& Henr7 9eil 5allon (S&B * "& ' son of Gu7 Ward 5allon (S&B !!:& >ohn Howard 5allon (S&B * *& ' son of Gu7 Ward 5allon (S&B !!:& Thomas $id-wa7 5allon (S&B */:W& ' son of >ohn Howard 5allon (S&B * *& >ames Gore ?in- 5cClure >r. (S&B *+3& ' son of >ames Gore ?in- 5cClure (S&B !"+& Archi<ald 5cClure (S&B * 4& ' son of >ames Gore ?in- 5cClure (S&B !"+& William Sin-er 5oorhead >r. (S&B */:& ' son of William Sin-er 5oorhead (S&B *+3& $a7 5orris (S&B *+ & ' son of former Governor of Connecticut ;uFon B. 5orris (S&B !:/& ;awrence 5ason 9o<le >r. (S&B *:,& ' son of ;awrence 5ason 9o<le (S&B *4"& $al8h =. (aine >r. (S&B *4*& ' son of $al8h =. (aine (S&B !*/& ;ee >ames (errin (S&B *+3& ' son of former @ale 8rofessor Bernadotte (errin (S&B !3*& ;ester William (errin (S&B *+!& ' son of former @ale 8rofessor Bernadotte (errin (S&B !3*& >ohn Bates (errin (S&B *+*& ' son of >ohn (errin (S&B !"*&# former Chairman of Federal $eserve Bank of San Francisco Sheffield (hel8s (S&B !!3& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman William Walter (hel8s (S&B !3+& $ussell ;ee (ost >r. (S&B *:!& ' son of $ussell ;ee (ost (S&B *4"& Wallace (arks $itchie >r. (S&B *:"& ' son of Wallace (arks $itchie (S&B *4"& >ohn Trum<ull $o<inson >r. (S&B *,"& ' son of >ohn Trum<ull $o<inson (S&B !*,& (hili8 Gra7 $ussell (S&B !"3& ' son of William Huntin-ton $ussell (S&B !,,& Charles Se7mour >r. (S&B *,:& ' son of former @ale )niversit7 (resident Charles Se7mour (S&B *+!& Horatio Se7mour (S&B !3"& ' son of >ohn Forman Se7mour (S&B !,:& $o-er Bulkle7 She8ard >r. (S&B *,:& ' son of $o-er Bulkle7 She8ard (S&B *+!& >ames Gre-or7 Smith (S&B * 4& ' son of former Governor of 2ermont 6dward Curtis Smith (S&B !":& 6dwin Allen Ste<<ins (S&B *+4& ' son of Henr7 Hamlin Ste<<ins (S&B !34& Anson (hel8s Stokes >r. (S&B *4"& ' son of former Secretar7 of @ale )niversit7 Anson (hel8s Stokes (S&B !*3& Graham Sumner (S&B !*"& ' son of former @ale (rofessor William Graham Sumner (S&B !3,& (eter $awson Taft (S&B !3"& ' son of former Secretar7 of War Al8honso Taft (S&B !,,& William Howard Taft (S&B !"!& ' son of former Secretar7 of War Al8honso Taft (S&B !,,& Henr7 W. Taft (S&B !!+& ' son of former Secretar7 of War Al8honso Taft (S&B !,,& Horace =utton Taft (S&B !!,& ' son of former Secretar7 of War Al8honso Taft (S&B !,,& $o<ert A. Taft (S&B * +& ' son of former ).S. (resident and ).S. Su8reme Court Chief >ustice William Howard Taft (S&B !"!& Charles (. Taft AA (S&B * !& ' son of former ).S. (resident and ).S. Su8reme Court Chief >ustice William Howard Taft (S&B !"!& Henr7 (orter Baldwin Terr7 (S&B *,:& ' son of W7ll7s Terr7 (S&B !!:& >ames ?. Thacher (S&B !3!& ' son of Thomas Anthon7 Thacher (S&B !,:& and 6liFa<eth =a7 Thacher Thomas Thacher (S&B !" & ' son of Thomas Anthon7 Thacher (S&B !,:& and 6liFa<eth =a7 Thacher >ohn Se7mour Thacher (S&B !""& ' son of Thomas Anthon7 Thacher (S&B !,:& and 6liFa<eth =a7 Thacher Sherman =a7 Thacher (S&B !!,& ' son of Thomas Anthon7 Thacher (S&B !,:& and 6liFa<eth Baldwin (Sherman& Thacher William ;arned Thacher (S&B !!"& ' son of Thomas Anthon7 Thacher (S&B !,:& and 6liFa<eth Baldwin (Sherman& Thacher Thomas =. Thacher (S&B *+/& ' son of Thomas Thacher (S&B !" & =onald Thom8son (S&B *+,& ' son of Oliver =avid Thom8son (S&B !"*& ;aurence G. Ti-he (S&B * 3& ' son of Am<rose Ti-he (S&B !"*& $ichard ;. Ti-he (S&B *4,& ' son of Am<rose Ti-he (S&B !"*& ;aurence G. Ti-he >r. (S&B */ & ' son of former Treasurer of @ale )niversit7 ;aurence G. Ti-he (S&B * 3& Geor-e H. Townsend (S&B *+!& ' son of William ?neeland Townsend (S&B !" & >ames 5ulford Townsend >r. (S&B *+!& ' son of >ames 5ulford Townsend (S&B !"/& Harold 5c;eod Turner >r. (S&B *,"& ' son of Harold 5c;eod Turner (S&B *+:& 5artin West 2or7s (S&B *:4& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman >ohn 5artin 2or7s (S&B * !& >ames >. Wadsworth (S&B *4"& ' son of former ).S. Senator >ames W. Wadsworth >r. (S&B !*!& Geor-e Her<ert Walker AAA (S&B *:,& ' son of Geor-e Her<ert Walker >r. (S&B *4"& $a7 Carter Walker (S&B *::& ' son of Geor-e Her<ert Walker >r. (S&B *4"& Charles S. Whitehouse (S&B */"& ' son of former ).S. Am<assador to Colom<ia 6. Sheldon Whitehouse (S&B *+:& Harr7 (a7ne Whitne7 (S&B !*/& ' son of former Secretar7 of the 9av7 William C. Whitne7 (S&B !3,& (a7ne Whitne7 (S&B !*!& ' son of former Secretar7 of the 9av7 William C. Whitne7 (S&B !3,& >ohn Smith Wil<ur >r. (S&B *3/& ' son of >ohn Smith Wil<ur (S&B *,,& Frederick William Wilhelmi >r. (S&B *,*& ' son of Frederick William Wilhelmi (S&B *+,& >ohn Butler Woodward (S&B !!,& ' son of Stanle7 Woodward (S&B !::& Heathcote 5uirson Woolse7 (S&B *+"& ' son of Theodore Salis<ur7 Woolse7 (S&B !"4& Henr7 Burt Wri-ht (S&B !*!& ' son of @ale )niversit7 =ean Henr7 (arks Wri-ht (S&B !3!& Alfred (arks Wri-ht (S&B *+ & ' son of @ale )niversit7 =ean Henr7 (arks Wri-ht (S&B !3!& Gre-or7 >anni- Morthian (S&B *":& ' son of Barr7 Morthian (S&B */ & =au-hter(s& of BonesmenB Carrie Christine Boren (S&B **,& ' dau-hter of former ).S. Senator =avid ;. Boren (S&B *3,&

Bones BrothersB Frederick Baldwin Adams (S&B *++& ' <rother of Charles 6. Adams (S&B *+/& $o-er Sherman Baldwin >r. (S&B !/"& ' <rother of former Governor of Connecticut Simeon 6<en Baldwin (S&B !3 & Geor-e William Baldwin (S&B !:,& ' <rother of former Governor of Connecticut Simeon 6<en Baldwin (S&B !3 & Henr7 C. Bannard (S&B !3*& ' <rother of Otto T. Bannard (S&B !"3& Anson 5. Beard (S&B !*:& ' <rother of William 5. Beard (S&B !*3& Arthur =ou-las Bissell (S&B !3"& ' <rother of former ).S. (ostmaster%General Wilson Shannon Bissell (S&B !3*& 6li Whitne7 Blake >r. (S&B !:"& ' <rother of Henr7 Ta7lor Blake (S&B !/!& 6dward Foster Blake (S&B !:!& ' <rother of Henr7 Ta7lor Blake (S&B !/!& William $oot Bliss (S&B !:+& ' <rother of $o<ert Bliss (S&B !:+& Thomas ?. Boltwood (S&B !3/& ' <rother of 6dward Boltwood (S&B !3+& Chaunce7 B. Brewster (S&B !3!& ' <rother of BenCamin Brewster (S&B !!4& Henr7 A. Brown (S&B !3:& ' <rother of Ale0ander ;ardner Brown (S&B !3*& (Sen.& >ames ;. Buckle7 (S&B *//& ' <rother of former National Review 6ditor%in%Chief William F. Buckle7 >r. (S&B *:+& Fer-us $eid Buckle7 (S&B *:4& ' <rother of former National Review 6ditor%in%Chief William F. Buckle7 >r. (S&B *:+& William (. Bund7 (S&B *,*& ' <rother of former 9ational Securit7 Advisor 5cGeor-e Bund7 (S&B */+& Charles Winslow Bur8ee (S&B !!,& ' <rother of former Connecticut Cud-e ;ucien Francis Bur8ee (S&B !"*& >ames Smith Bush (S&B *44& ' <rother of former ).S. Senator (rescott Bush (S&B * "& >onathan >ames Bush (S&B *:,& ' <rother of former ).S. (resident Geor-e H.W. Bush (S&B */!& Frederic =. Carter (S&B * *& ' <rother of ;7on Carter (S&B * :& ;eander Trow<rid-e Cham<erlain (S&B !3,& ' <rother of former Governor of South Carolina =aniel H. Cham<erlain (S&B !34& $ussell Chene7 (S&B *+/& ' <rother of ?ni-ht =e0ter Chene7 >r. (S&B !*4& Clifford =. Chene7 (S&B !*!& ' <rother of ?ni-ht =e0ter Chene7 >r. (S&B !*4& (hili8 Chene7 (S&B *+ & ' <rother of ?ni-ht =e0ter Chene7 >r. (S&B !*4& Thomas ;. Chene7 (S&B *+ & ' <rother of ?ni-ht =e0ter Chene7 >r. (S&B !*4& >ames Coffin (S&B !3!& ' <rother of 6dmund Coffin (S&B !33& Henr7 Sloane Coffin (S&B !*"& ' <rother of William Sloane Coffin (S&B *++& William Welch Collin (S&B !""& ' <rother of Frederick Collin (S&B !" & Willis Stron- Colton (S&B !:+& ' <rother of Henr7 5artin Colton (S&B !/!& Charles Condit (S&B !/!& ' <rother of Al<ert (ierson Condit (S&B !:+& Ste8hen Condit (S&B !:3& ' <rother of Al<ert (ierson Condit (S&B !:+& ;emuel (. Conner (S&B !/:& ' <rother of William Gustine Conner (S&B !/:& >ames Barcla7 Cooke (S&B !*,& ' <rother of Walter 6vans Cooke (S&B !*:& 6dward Harris Co7 (S&B * +& ' <rother of Sherman ;. Co7 (S&B *+ & Henr7 Stetson Cros<7 (S&B *43& ' <rother of Al<ert Hastin-s Cros<7 (S&B *44& Forrest ;eonard =aniels (S&B *+"& ' <rother of former Archer%=aniels%5idland Chairman Thomas ;eonard =aniels (S&B * /& >ohn A. =aven8ort (S&B *43& ' <rother of $ussell W. =aven8ort (S&B *4,& Harr7 (omero7 =avison >r. (S&B *4+& ' <rother of F. Tru<ee =avison (S&B * !& 6ndicott (ea<od7 =avison (S&B */:& ' <rother of =aniel (. =avison (S&B */*& Thomas 5ills =a7 (S&B !!3& ' <rother of Clive =a7 (S&B !*4& Arthur (omero7 =a7 (S&B !*+& ' <rother of Clive =a7 (S&B !*4& =wi-ht Huntin-ton =a7 (S&B !**& ' <rother of William 6. =a7 (S&B *+4& Charles Clerc =emin- (S&B !"4& ' <rother of Henr7 Cham8ion =emin- (S&B !"4& ;aurent Clerc =emin- (S&B !!,& ' <rother of Henr7 Cham8ion =emin- (S&B !"4& Samuel 6merson (S&B !/!& ' <rother of >ose8h 6merson (S&B !/ & >ohn Chester 6no (S&B !3*& ' <rother of William (hel8s 6no (S&B !!4& Sherman 6varts (S&B !! & ' <rother of 5a0well 6varts (S&B !!/& Henr7 Walcott Farnam (S&B !"/& ' <rother of former Treasurer of @ale )niversit7 William Whitman Farnam (S&B !33& Charles Henr7 Farnam (S&B !3!& ' <rother of former Treasurer of @ale )niversit7 William Whitman Farnam (S&B !33& Her<ert =. Gallaudet (S&B !*!& ' <rother of 6dson F. Gallaudet (S&B !*,& =wi-ht T. Griswold (S&B *+!& ' <rother of William 6.S. Griswold (S&B !**& Hamilton Hadle7 (S&B * *& ' <rother of 9ew @ork Cit7 law7er 5orris Hadle7 (S&B * 3& 6. $oland Harriman (S&B * "& ' <rother of former ).S. Am<assador to Soviet )nion W. Averell Harriman (S&B * ,& Fairfa0 Harrison (S&B !*+& ' <rother of former ).S. Con-ressman Francis Burton Harrison (S&B !*:& Francis Tha7er Ho<son (S&B *4+& ' <rother of (rotestant 68isco8al Bisho8 of =iocese of Southern Ohio Henr7 W. Ho<son (S&B * /& Henr7 A. Howe (S&B *+*& ' <rother of Arthur Howe (S&B * 4& Walter B. >ames (S&B !"*& ' <rother of Henr7 Ammon >ames (S&B !"/& 9orman >ames (S&B !*+& ' <rother of Henr7 Ammon >ames (S&B !"/& $o<ert C. >ames (S&B !*/& ' <rother of Henr7 Ammon >ames (S&B !"/& Tudor S. >enks (S&B !"!& ' <rother of former 9ew @ork Su8reme Court >ustice Almet F. >enks (S&B !":& (aul 6. >enks (S&B !!/& ' <rother of former 9ew @ork Su8reme Court >ustice Almet F. >enks (S&B !":& Oliver Gould >ennin-s (S&B !!"& ' <rother of Walter >ennin-s (S&B !!+& Asaac 9. >udson (S&B !",& ' <rother of Frederick 9. >udson (S&B !33& Francis 6dward ?ernochan (S&B !3 & ' <rother of >ose8h Frederic ?ernochan (S&B !3,& Ale0ander ;am<ert (S&B !!/& ' <rother of Adrian 2an Sinderen ;am<ert (S&B !*,& >ohn Howard 5allon (S&B * *& ' <rother of Henr7 9eil 5allon (S&B * "& Barton ;ee 5allor7# >r. (S&B *4!& ' <rother of William 9eel7 5allor7 (S&B *4/& Alfred Bisho8 5ason (S&B !" & ' <rother of Henr7 Burrall 5ason (S&B !"+& Archi<ald 5cClure (S&B * 4& ' <rother of >ames Gore ?in- 5cClure >r. (S&B *+3& >ames Fiske 5erriam (S&B !3"& ' <rother of Geor-e S8rin- 5erriam (S&B !3/& Alanson =ou-las 5iller (S&B !3/& ' <rother of Geor-e =ou-las 5iller (S&B !"+& Andrew =owne7 Orrick (S&B */+& ' <rother of former ).S. =istrict >ud-e William Horsle7 Orrick >r. (S&B *,"&

Arthur Sherwood Os<orne (S&B !!4& ' <rother of Thomas Burr Os<orne (S&B !! & Charles Hunter Owen (S&B !3+& ' <rother of 6dward Thomas Owen (S&B !"4& Henr7 6liCah Owen (S&B !3/& ' <rother of 6dward Thomas Owen (S&B !"4& 6dmund (ennin-ton (ills<ur7 (S&B *,3& ' <rother of >ohn Sar-ent (ills<ur7 >r. (S&B *,:& ;ee >ames (errin (S&B *+3& ' <rother of ;ester William (errin (S&B *+!& Amos (inchot (S&B !*"& ' <rother of Gifford (inchot (S&B !!*&1 5ar7 (inchotGs father1 Cord 5e7er >r.Gs father%in%law Henr7 Se7mour $o<inson (S&B !!*& ' <rother of ;ucius F. $o<inson (S&B !!:& >ohn Trum<ull $o<inson (S&B !*,& ' <rother of ;ucius F. $o<inson (S&B !!:& =er<7 $o-ers (S&B !*,& ' <rother of >ohn $o-ers (S&B !!"& =avid F. $o-ers (S&B !*!& ' <rother of >ohn $o-ers (S&B !!"& >ohn Frank Seel7 (S&B !3+& ' <rother of William Wallace Seel7 (S&B !34& Thomas C. Sloane (S&B !3!& ' <rother of Henr7 T. Sloane (S&B !33& Walter 6u-ene Stewart >r. (S&B !*/& ' <rother of former ).S. Con-ressman (erc7 Hamilton Stewart (S&B !*+& Me8h Stewart (S&B */,& ' <rother of former ).S. Su8reme Court >ustice (otter Stewart (S&B *,"& Harold (hel8s Stokes (S&B *+*& ' <rother of former Secretar7 of @ale )niversit7 Anson (hel8s Stokes (S&B !*3& Henr7 W. Taft (S&B !!+& ' <rother of former ).S. (resident William Howard Taft (S&B !"!& Horace =utton Taft (S&B !!,& ' <rother of former ).S. (resident William Howard Taft (S&B !"!& Charles (hel8s Taft AA (S&B * !& ' <rother of former ).S. Senator $o<ert A. Taft (S&B * +& Ale0ander C. Tener (S&B * 4& ' <rother of ?inle7 >ohn Tener (S&B * 3& >ohn Se7mour Thacher (S&B !""& ' <rother of Thomas Thacher (S&B !" & William ;arned Thacher (S&B !!"& ' <rother of Sherman =a7 Thacher (S&B !!,& $ichard ;. Ti-he (S&B *4,& ' <rother of former @ale )niversit7 Treasurer ;aurence G. Ti-he (S&B * 3& >ames 5ulford Townsend (S&B !"/& ' <rother of former ).S. Circuit >ud-e William ?neeland Townsend (S&B !" & William Stuart Walcott (S&B !*/& ' <rother of former ).S. Senator Frederic C. Walcott (S&B !* & Howard T. Walden (S&B !! & ' <rother of $ussell Walden (S&B !"/& $a7 Carter Walker (S&B *::& ' <rother of former ).S. Am<assador to Hun-ar7 Geor-e Her<ert Walker AAA (S&B *:,& Charles Atwood White (S&B !:/& ' <rother of Henr7 =7er White (S&B !: & $o-er Sherman White (S&B !:*& ' <rother of Henr7 =7er White (S&B !: & Oliver Sherman White (S&B !3/& ' <rother of Henr7 =7er White (S&B !: & Geor-e 6dward White (S&B !33& ' <rother of Henr7 =7er White (S&B !: & >ames ;. Whitne7 (S&B !:3& ' <rother of 6dward (a7son Whitne7 (S&B !:/& Harr7 (a7ne Whitne7 (S&B !*/& ' <rother of (a7ne Whitne7 (S&B !*!& Franklin 6. Worcester (S&B !!4& ' <rother of 6dwin =ean Worcester (S&B !"3& Wilfred >. Worcester (S&B !!:& ' <rother of 6dwin =ean Worcester (S&B !"3& Alfred (arks Wri-ht (S&B *+ & ' <rother of Henr7 Burt Wri-ht (S&B !*!&

Other 9ota<le BonesmenB William Tha7er Smith (S&B !3+& ' son of former =artmouth Colle-e (resident $ev. Asa =od-e Smith Theodore Salis<ur7 Woolse7 (S&B !"4& ' son of former @ale )niversit7 (resident Theodore =wi-ht Woolse7 Winthro8 6dwards =wi-ht (S&B !*,& ' son of former @ale )niversit7 (resident Timoth7 =wi-ht (S&B !/*& 5orris Hadle7 (S&B * 3& ' son of former @ale )niversit7 (resident Arthur Twinin- Hadle7 (S&B !"3& Hamilton Hadle7 (S&B * *& ' son of former @ale )niversit7 (resident Arthur Twinin- Hadle7 (S&B !"3& Charles Se7mour >r. (S&B *,:& ' son of former @ale )niversit7 (resident Charles Se7mour (S&B *+!& (aul 6dwards 2alentine Giamatti (S&B *!*& ' son of former @ale )niversit7 (resident A. Bartlett Giamatti Timoth7 =wi-ht (S&B !/*& ' -randson of former @ale Colle-e (resident $ev. Timoth7 =wi-ht ((resident# "*:% ! "& Heathcote 5uirson Woolse7 (S&B *+"& ' -randson of former @ale Colle-e (resident $ev. Theodore =wi-ht Woolse7 Thomas Thacher (S&B !" & ' -randson of former @ale Colle-e (resident >eremiah =a7 >ohn Se7mour Thacher (S&B !""& ' -randson of former @ale Colle-e (resident >eremiah =a7 Simeon 6<en Baldwin (S&B !3 & ' -reat%-reat%-randson of @ale Colle-e (resident Thomas Cla8 Charles F. >ohnson (S&B !::& ' ne8hew of @ale Colle-e (resident Theodore =wi-ht Woolse7 and -reat%-randson of Colum<ia )niversit7 (resident William Samuel >ohnson Franklin 5ac2ea-h (S&B !34& ' <rother of former ).S. Attorne7 General and ).S. Am<assador to Atal7 Wa7ne 5ac2ea-h Henr7 Hitchcock (S&B !/!& ' <rother of former ).S. Secretar7 of the Anterior 6than Allen Hitchcock 6u-ene Hale >r. (S&B !*!& ' <rother of former ).S. Senator Frederick Hale Frank W. ;ille7 >r. (S&B */,& ' <rother of former ).S. Am<assador to $ed China >ames $oderick ;ille7 >ohn Forman Se7mour (S&B !,:& ' <rother of former Governor of 9ew @ork Horatio Se7mour (Governor# !:,% !:/# !3,% !3/& >ames 5ason Ho88in (S&B !/+& ' <rother of former Governor of $hode Asland William Warner Ho88in 2incent 5armaduke (S&B !:4& ' <rother of former Governor of 5issouri (and Confederate 5aCor General& >ohn S. 5armaduke Geor-e W. Bush (S&B *3!& ' <rother of former Governor of Florida >e< Bush ;eBaron Bradford Colt (S&B !3!& ' <rother of former $hode Asland Attorne7 General Samuel (omero7 Colt (Attorne7 General# !!4% !!3& William (reston >ohnston (S&B !:4& ' son of former Confederate Bri-. Gen. Al<ert Sidne7 >ohnston# former Secretar7 of War of the $e8u<lic of Te0as Thomas 5c?inne7 >ack (S&B !:,& ' son of William H. >ack# former Secretar7 of State of the $e8u<lic of Te0as 5orrison $. Waite (S&B !,"& ' son of Henr7 5. Waite# former Chief >ustice of the Su8reme Court of Connecticut Storrs O. Se7mour (S&B !:"& ' son of Ori-en Storrs Se7mour# former Chief >ustice of the Su8reme Court of Connecticut William Griswold ;ane (S&B !/,& ' son of 6<eneFer ;ane# former Chief >ustice of the Su8reme Court of Ohio Henr7 Hitchcock (S&B !/!& ' son of Henr7 H. Hitchcock# former Chief >ustice of the Su8reme Court of Ala<ama Charles =. Hilles >r. (S&B *4/& ' son of former Chairman of $e8u<lican 9ational Committee Charles =. Hilles Sr. Arthur ;effin-well Shi8man (S&B !!3& ' son of ).S. =istrict >ud-e 9athaniel Shi8man (Cud-e# !",% !*4& Owen Franklin Aldis (S&B !"/& ' son of 2ermont Su8reme Court >ud-e Asa Owen Aldis1 -randson of 2ermont Su8reme Court Chief >ustice Asa Aldis Henr7 Al<ert Stimson (S&B !3:& ' uncle of former Secretar7 of War Henr7 ;. Stimson (S&B !!!& >ohn Henr7 Felder (S&B !//& ' ne8hew of former ).S. Con-ressman >ohn 57ers Felder (B.A. @ale !+/& William Welch ?ello-- (S&B *,*& ' ne8hew of former ).S. Senator Frederic C. Walcott (S&B !* & Christo8her Ta7lor Buckle7 (S&B *":& ' ne8hew of former ).S. Senator >ames ;. Buckle7 (S&B *//& Thruston B. 5orton >r. (S&B *:/& ' ne8hew of former Secretar7 of the Anterior $o-ers C.B. 5orton

Other 9ota<le BonesmenB F. Tru<ee =avison (S&B * !& ' son of >.(. 5or-an & Co. 8artner and Federal $eserve architect Henr7 (. =avison Harr7 (omero7 =avison >r. (S&B *4+& ' son of >.(. 5or-an & Co. 8artner and Federal $eserve architect Henr7 (. =avison =ean Witter >r. (S&B *//& ' son of 9ew @ork Cit7 <anker =ean Witter (erc7 A. $ockefeller (S&B *++& ' son of William $ockefeller# (resident of Standard Oil Com8an7 of 9ew @ork (later 5o<il Oil& >ohn $ockefeller (rentice (S&B *4!& ' -reat%-randson of Standard Oil <aron >ohn =. $ockefeller Sr. Alfred Gw7nne 2ander<ilt (S&B !**& ' son of railroad <aron Cornelius 2ander<ilt W. Averell Harriman (S&B * ,& ' son of )nion (acific railroad <aron 6dward H. Harriman 6. $oland Harriman (S&B * "& ' son of )nion (acific railroad <aron 6dward H. Harriman Ale0ander Brown Co0e (S&B !!"& ' -reat%-reat%-randson of Ale0ander Brown# founder of the <ankin- houses of Ale0ander Brown & Sons in Baltimore# Brown# Shi8le7 & Com8an7# of ;ondon# and Brown Brothers & Com8an7 Klater Brown Brothers Harriman & Co.L# of (hiladel8hia and 9ew @ork 6dward $o-ers Wardwell (S&B *4"& ' son of 9ew @ork Cit7 law7er Allen Wardwell Frederick 6. We7erhaeuser (S&B !*3& ' son of We7erhaeuser Tim<er Co. chief Frederick We7erhaeuser Henr7 Ta7lor Blake (S&B !/!& ' -rand%ne8hew of 6li Whitne7# inventor of the cotton -in 6li Whitne7 Blake >r. (S&B !:"& ' -rand%ne8hew of 6li Whitne7# inventor of the cotton -in 6dward Foster Blake (S&B !:!& ' -rand%ne8hew of 6li Whitne7# inventor of the cotton -in Henr7 Warren $a7mond (S&B !3*& ' son of former ).S. Con-ressman and New !ork Times founder Henr7 >arvis $a7mond ;ucius Franklin $o<inson (S&B !/,& ' married the dau-hter of former ).S. Con-ressman and Connecticut Governor >ose8h Trum<ull Thomas ;. Ba7ne (S&B !/"& ' married 5ar7 Ga7le# dau-hter of Ala<ama Governor >ohn Ga7le Andrew =. White (S&B !:,& ' married Helen 5a-ill# dau-hter of 6dward Hicks 5a-ill# (resident of Swarthmore Colle-e ( !" % !!*& 6d-ar ;. Heermance (S&B !:!& ' married A-nes Woolse7# eldest dau-hter of @ale (resident Theodore =wi-ht Woolse7 William Walter (hel8s (S&B !3+& ' married 6llen Sheffield# dau-hter of >ose8h 6. Sheffield# the founder of the Sheffield Scientific School at @ale )niversit7 Henr7 F. =imock (S&B !3,& ' <rother%in%law of former Secretar7 of the 9av7 William C. Whitne7 (S&B !3,&1 married William C. Whitne7Gs sister Susan C. Whitne7 William C. Whitne7 (S&B !3,& ' married Flora (a7ne# dau-hter of former ).S. Senator Henr7 B. (a7ne (a7son 5errill (S&B !3:& ' married 6mma Harrison Stron-# dau-hter of former ).S. Con-ressman Theron $udd StronChaunce7 B. Brewster (S&B !3!& ' married Susan Huntin-ton Whitne7# -randdau-hter of cotton -in inventor 6li Whitne7 >ames ?. Thacher (S&B !3!& ' married 6mil7 Baldwin Foster# eldest dau-hter of 5assachusetts Su8reme Court >ustice =wi-ht Foster (S&B !/!& Thomas W. Grover (S&B !"/& ' married ;ill7 Winston# dau-hter of former ).S. 5inister to (ersia Frederick H. Winston (hilo C. Fuller (S&B !! & ' <rother%in%law of former ).S. Con-ressman 6dwin F. Sweet (S&B !" &1 his sister So8hia Fuller married $e8. 6dwin F. Sweet Geor-e Griswold Haven (S&B !!"& ' married 6liFa<eth Shaw An-ersoll# dau-hter of former Governor of Connecticut Charles $o<erts An-ersoll Harr7 (a7ne Whitne7 (S&B !*/& ' married Gertrude 2ander<ilt# dau-hter of railroad <aron Cornelius 2ander<ilt (a7ne Whitne7 (S&B !*!& ' married Helen Ha7# dau-hter of former Secretar7 of State >ohn Ha71 father of former ).S. Am<assador to Great Britain >ohn Ha7 Whitne7 Frederick Baldwin Adams (S&B *++& ' married 6llen Walters =elano# former ).S. (resident Franklin =. $ooseveltGs first cousin 5a0well 6. Foster (S&B *4,& ' married 6liFa<eth 2incent# dau-hter of former $ockefeller Foundation (resident Geor-e 6. 2incent Amor7 Howe Bradford (S&B *,/& ' married Carol War<ur- $othschild# -randdau-hter of 9ew @ork Cit7 <anker Feli0 5. War<urWilliam (. Bund7 (S&B *,*& ' married 5ar7 Acheson# dau-hter of former ).S. Secretar7 of State =ean G. Acheson William 6ldred >ackson (S&B */ & ' married 9anc7 =a<ne7 $oosevelt# -randdau-hter of former ).S. (resident Tedd7 $oosevelt (erc7 A. $ockefeller (S&B *++& ' >ohn =. $ockefeller Sr.Gs ne8hew1 >ohn =. $ockefeller >r.Gs cousin1 cousin of Walter >ennin-s (S&B !!+& and Oliver Gould >ennin-s (S&B !!"& Henr7 5c5ahon (ainter (S&B !!/& ' cousin of 9ew @ork Cit7 law7er (hili8 G. Bartlett (S&B !! & William Truesdale Bissell (S&B *4:& ' <rother of former =e8ut7 CAA =irector for (lans $ichard 5. Bissell >r. Alan 5c;ean Ta7lor (S&B *+4& ' son of William Harrison Ta7lor# a founder of 9ational Biscuit Com8an7 (9a<isco& ;lo7d W. Bowers (S&B !"*& ' father%in%law of Sen. $o<ert A. Taft1 father of 5rs. $o<ert A. Taft Geor-e St. >ohn Sheffield (S&B !3,& ' <rother%in%law of former ).S. Con-ressman William Walter (hel8s (S&B !3+&1 son of >ose8h 6. Sheffield# the founder of the Sheffield Scientific School at @ale )niversit7 Bernadotte (errin (S&B !3*& ' married ;uella (errin# sister of >ohn (errin (S&B !"*& Henr7 Burrall 5ason (S&B !"+& ' married Frances Fa7 Calhoun# sister of Gouverneur Calhoun (S&B !* & Walter C. Cam8 (S&B !!+& ' married Alice Graham Sumner# sister of @ale (rofessor William Graham Sumner (S&B !3,& Graham Sumner (S&B !*"& ' married ;aura Woolse7 @ardle7# dau-hter of Henr7 A. @ardle7 (S&B !::& Clive =a7 (S&B !*4& ' <rother%in%law of Charlton 5inor ;ewis (S&B !!3& >ohn Se7mour Wood (S&B !"/& ' uncle of 5ason T7ler Adams (S&B !**& 6dson F. Gallaudet (S&B !*,& ' cousin of ;indsa7 =enison (S&B !*:& Oliver Gould >ennin-s (S&B !!"& ' father of former Socon7%5o<il Oil Co. Chairman BenCamin Brewster >ennin-s 6liakim H. 5oore (S&B !!,& ' son of $ev. =avid Hastin-s 5oore# former Chancellor of )niversit7 of =enver Samuel H. Gilles8ie# >r. (S&B *,4& ' married to $uth $eed# dau-hter of 9ew @ork Cit7 law7er ;ansin- (. $eed (S&B *+/& $o-er B. She8ard# >r. (S&B *,:& ' married to 5ar7 (armelee $eed# dau-hter of 9ew @ork Cit7 law7er ;ansin- (. $eed (S&B *+/& Francis Otto 5atthiessen (S&B *4,# $S *4,& ' -a7 $hodes Scholar1 his male D8artnerE was $ussell Chene7 (S&B *+/& Walter Frederick Carter (S&B !*:& ' <rother%in%law of ).S. Su8reme Court Chief >ustice Charles 6vans Hu-hes (Hu-hes married W.F. CarterGs sister Antoinette C. Hu-hes& $ichard Ta7lor (S&B !/:& ' <rother%in%law of former Confederate D(residentE >efferson =avis (=avis married $ichard Ta7lorGs sister& 9oteB >ames 6u-ene Burke AAA (S&B *":& is 9OT the former Chairman and C6O of >ohnson & >ohnson.

(rominent Skull & Bones Graduate Students (Occu8ations and Graduate =e-rees&
Henr7 Cham8ion =emin- (S&B !,3& ' ).S. Con-ressman ( !3,% !3"&1 ;;.B. Harvard !,* >ohn (erkins >r. (S&B !/+& ' ).S. Con-ressman ( !:,% !::&1 ;;.B. Harvard !/4 Andrew =ickson White (S&B !:,& ' inau-ural (resident of Cornell )niversit7 ( !33% !!:&1 (h.=. >ena (German7& !!* C7rus 9orthro8 (S&B !:"& ' (resident of )niversit7 of 5innesota ( !!/% * &1 ;;.B. @ale !:* 6u-ene Schu7ler (S&B !:*& ' ).S. 5inister to $omania ( !! % !!/&1 (h.=. @ale !3 1 ;;.B. Colum<ia !3, William Walter (hel8s (S&B !3+& ' ).S. 5inister to German7 ( !!*% !*,&1 ;;.B. Colum<ia !3, William Tha7er Smith (S&B !3+& ' =ean of =artmouth 5edical School ( !*3% *+*&1 5.A. @ale !"/1 5.=. =artmouth !"! Stanford 9ewel (S&B !3 & ' ).S. 5inister to the 9etherlands ( !*"% *+:&1 ;;.B. Harvard !3/ =aniel H. Cham<erlain (S&B !34& ' Governor of South Carolina ( !"/% !"3&1 ;;.B. Harvard !3/ Franklin 5ac2ea-h (S&B !34& ' Secretar7 of the Treasur7 ( *+*% * ,&1 ;;.B. Colum<ia !3/ >ohn William Sterlin- (S&B !3/& ' Co%Founder of Shearman & Sterlin- Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( !",% * !&1 ;;.B. Colum<ia !3" Geor-e C. Holt (S&B !33& ' >ud-e of the ).S. =istrict Court for the Southern =istrict of 9ew @ork ( *+,% * /&1 ;;.B. Colum<ia !3* Thomas Hed-e (S&B !3"& ' ).S. Con-ressman ( !**% *+"&1 ;;.B. Colum<ia !3* Geor-e (ea<od7 Wetmore (S&B !3"& ' ).S. Senator ( !*:% *+"# *+!% * ,&1 ;;.B. Colum<ia !3!1 5.A. @ale !" ;eBaron Bradford Colt (S&B !3!& ' ).S. Senator ( * ,% *4/&1 ;;.B. Colum<ia !"+ William Henr7 Welch (S&B !"+& ' =ean of the 5edical Facult7 at >ohns Ho8kins )niversit7 ( !*,% !*!&1 5.=. Colum<ia !": Thomas Thacher (S&B !" & ' Co%Founder of Sim8son# Thacher & Bartlett Klaw firm in 9ew @ork Cit7L ( !":% * *&1 ;;.B. Colum<ia !": William ?neeland Townsend (S&B !" & ' >ud-e of the ).S. Court of A88eals for the Second Circuit ( *+4% *+"&1 ;;.B. @ale !"/ >ames 5. Townsend (S&B !"/& ' General Counsel of 6.A. du (ont de 9emours (owder Com8an7 ( *+,% * ,&1 ;;.B. Colum<ia !"3 >ohn Sammis Se7mour (S&B !":& ' ).S. Commissioner of (atents ( !*,% !*"&1 ;;.B. @ale !"! 6dward Curtis Smith (S&B !":& ' Governor of 2ermont ( !*!% *++&1 ;;.B. Colum<ia !"" Otto T. Bannard (S&B !"3& ' Chairman of the <oard of 9ew @ork Trust Com8an7 ( * 3% *4 &1 ;;.B. Colum<ia !"! Arthur Twinin- Hadle7 (S&B !"3& ' (resident of @ale )niversit7 ( !**% *4 &1 (h.=. )niversit7 of Berlin (German7& * + ;lo7d Wheaton Bowers (S&B !"*& ' Solicitor General of the )nited States ( *+*% * +&1 ;;.B. Colum<ia !!4 Wil<ur Franklin Booth (S&B !!/& ' >ud-e of the ).S. Court of A88eals for the 6i-hth Circuit ( *4:% *,4&1 ;;.B. @ale !!! Amos (arker Wilder (S&B !!/& ' ).S. Consul%General in Shan-hai# China ( *+*% * /&1 (h.=. @ale !*4 William H. Cowles (S&B !!"& ' (u<lisher of Spokane Spokesman&Review ( !*,% */3&1 ;;.B. @ale !!* Arvin- Fisher (S&B !!!& ' (rofessor of (olitical 6conom7 at @ale )niversit7 ( !*!% *,:&1 (h.=. @ale !* Henr7 ;. Stimson (S&B !!!& ' Secretar7 of War ( * % * ,# */+% */:&1 5.A. Harvard !!* Fairfa0 Harrison (S&B !*+& ' (resident of Southern $ailwa7 Co. ( * ,% *,"&1 5.A. Colum<ia !* (erc7 Hamilton Stewart (S&B !*+& ' ).S. Con-ressman ( *, % *,,&1 ;;.B. Colum<ia !*, Clive =a7 (S&B !*4& ' (rofessor of 6conomic Histor7 at @ale )niversit7 ( *+"% *,3&1 (h.=. @ale !** Francis Burton Harrison (S&B !*:& ' ).S. Con-ressman ( *+,% *+:# *+"% * ,&1 ;;.B. 9ew @ork ;aw School !*" Charles Se7mour (S&B *+!& ' (resident of @ale )niversit7 ( *,"% *:+&1 (h.=. @ale * Harve7 H. Bund7 (S&B *+*& ' Chairman of Carne-ie 6ndowment for Anternational (eace ( *:4% *:!&1 ;;.B. Harvard * / Allen T. ?lots (S&B *+*& ' 5em<er of Winthro8# Stimson# (utnam & $o<erts ( *4 % *3:&1 ;;.B. Harvard * , Stanho8e Ba7ne%>ones (S&B * +& ' =ean of @ale School of 5edicine ( *,:% */+&1 5.=. >ohns Ho8kins )niversit7 * / Geor-e ;. Harrison (S&B * +& ' (resident of the Federal $eserve Bank of 9ew @ork ( *4!% */+&1 ;;.B. Harvard * , $o<ert A. Taft (S&B * +& ' ).S. Senator ( *,*% *:,&1 ;;.B. Harvard * , Archi<ald 5ac;eish (S&B * :& ' ;i<rarian of Con-ress ( *,*% *//&1 ;;.B. Harvard * * 5orris Hadle7 (S&B * 3& ' (artner of 5il<ank# Tweed# Hadle7 & 5cClo7 ( *4/% *"*&1 ;;.B. Harvard *4 Charles 5. S8offord (S&B *4/& ' 5em<er of =avis# (olk & Wardwell ( */+% *:+# *:4% *",&1 ;;.B. Harvard *4! Samuel HaFard Gilles8ie >r. (S&B *,4& ' ).S. Attorne7 for the Southern =istrict of 9ew @ork ( *:*% *3 &1 ;;.B. @ale *,3 >. Jui-- 9ewton >r. (S&B *,,& ' (resident of )niversit7 of Colorado ( *:3% *3,&1 ;;.B. @ale *,3 >onathan Brewster Bin-ham (S&B *,3& ' ).S. Con-ressman ( *3:% *!,&1 ;;.B. @ale *,* $ichard Anthon7 5oore (S&B *,3& ' ).S. Am<assador to Areland ( *!*% **4&1 ;;.B. @ale *,* (otter Stewart (S&B *,"& ' >ustice of the ).S. Su8reme Court ( *:!% *! &1 ;;.B. @ale */ >ose8h $ichardson =ilworth (S&B *,!& ' Chairman of the <oard of $ockefeller Center# Anc. ( *33% *!4&1 ;;.B. @ale */4 William (. Bund7 (S&B *,*& ' Assistant Secretar7 of State for 6ast Asian and (acific Affairs ( *3/% *3*&1 ;;.B. Harvard */" Harold Howe AA (S&B */+& ' ).S. Commissioner of 6ducation ( *3:% *3!&1 5.A. Colum<ia */" William 6ldred >ackson (S&B */ & ' (artner of 5il<ank# Tweed# Hadle7 & 5cClo7 ( *:/% ***&1 ;;.B. Harvard *// Harold H. Heal7 >r. (S&B */,& ' (artner of =e<evoise & (lim8ton ( *:*% *!*&1 ;;.B. @ale */* >ames ;. Buckle7 (S&B *//& ' ).S. Senator ( *" % *""&1 ;;.B. @ale */* William S. 5oorhead >r. (S&B */:& ' ).S. Con-ressman ( *:*% *! &1 >.=. Harvard */* >ohn H. Chafee (S&B */"& ' ).S. Senator ( *"3% ***&1 ;;.B. Harvard *:+ William H. =ra8er AAA (S&B *:+& ' Administrator of )nited 9ations =evelo8ment (ro-ramme ( *!3% **,&1 5.B.A. Harvard *:/ 6van Griffith Gal<raith (S&B *:+& ' ).S. Am<assador to France ( *! % *!:&1 ;;.B. Harvard *:, Charles S. Hai-ht >r. (S&B *:4& ' >ud-e of the ).S. =istrict Court for the Southern =istrict of 9ew @ork ( *"3% **:&1 ;;.B. @ale *:: William H. =onaldson (S&B *:,& ' Chairman of the <oard of 9ew @ork Stock 60chan-e ( ** % **:&1 5.B.A. Harvard *:! Geor-e Her<ert Walker AAA (S&B *:,& ' ).S. Am<assador to Hun-ar7 (4++,%4++3&1 ;;.B. Harvard *:3 2ernon $. ;oucks >r. (S&B *:"& ' Chairman and C6O of Ba0ter Anternational Anc. ( *!"% **!&1 5.B.A. Harvard *3, =avid ;. Boren (S&B *3,& ' (resident of )niversit7 of Oklahoma ( **/%8resent&1 ).S. Senator ( *"*% **/&1 5.A. O0ford *3: William =. 9ordhaus (S&B *3,& ' (rofessor of 6conomics at @ale )niversit7 ( *",%8resent&1 (h.=. 5assachusetts Anst. of Technolo-7 *3" >ohn H.F. Shattuck (S&B *3:& ' ).S. Am<assador to CFech $e8u<lic ( **!%4+++&1 ;;.B. @ale *"+1 5.A. Cam<rid-e *3" =avid Hoadle7 Thorne (S&B *33& ' ).S. Am<assador to Atal7 (4++*%4+ ,&1 5.A. Colum<ia *" Geor-e W. Bush (S&B *3!& ' (resident of the )nited States (4++ %4++*&1 5.B.A. Harvard *": $o<ert =. 5cCallum >r. (S&B *3!& ' ).S. Am<assador to Australia (4++3%4++*&1 5.A. O0ford *" # >.=. @ale *", >ohn OG;ear7 (S&B *3*& ' ).S. Am<assador to Chile ( **!%4++ &1 >.=. @ale *"/ Ste8hen A. SchwarFman (S&B *3*& ' Chairman and C6O of The Blackstone Grou8 ( *!:%8resent&1 5.B.A. Harvard *"4

Skull & Bones 5em<ers in the Council on Forei-n $elations (CF$&


Current C#$ Bones!en =avid ;. Boren (S&B *3,& William H. DBillE =onaldson (S&B *:,& William H. =ra8er AAA (S&B *:+& Ale0ander T. 6rcklentF (S&B *:*& $o<ert W. ?a-an (S&B *!+& >ohn For<es ?err7 (S&B *33& 6ric (. ;iu (S&B **+& Winston ;ord (S&B *:*& $a7mond ?. (rice >r. (S&B *: & Ste8hen A. SchwarFman (S&B *3*& >ohn H.F. Shattuck (S&B *3:& Frederick Wallace Smith (S&B *33& $. ?eith Walton (S&B *!3& William H. Wri-ht AA (S&B *!4& Barr7 Morthian (S&B */ & #or!er C#$ Bones!en Charles 6. Adams (S&B *+/& Henr7 de Forest Baldwin (S&B !!:& =avid Geor-e Ball (S&B *3+& Otto T. Bannard (S&B !"3& =ana T. Bartholomew (S&B *4!& >ames 6dward Bass (S&B *!4& Samuel $. Bertron (S&B !!:& >onathan Brewster Bin-ham (S&B *,3& Amor7 Howe Bradford (S&B *,/& Walter Henderson Brown (S&B */:W& >ames ;. Buckle7 (S&B *//& William F. Buckle7 >r. (S&B *:+& Harve7 H. Bund7 (S&B *+*& 5cGeor-e Bund7 (S&B */+& William (. Bund7 (S&B *,*& Geor-e H.W. Bush (S&B */!& >ohn Care7 (S&B */:W& S&ull % Bones and $hodes Scholars Francis Otto 5atthiessen (S&B *4,& Frank =avis Ash<urn (S&B *4:& 5anasses >aco< Grove (S&B *4*& Hu-h Terr7 Cunnin-ham (S&B *,/& Geor-e Arthur Gordon (S&B *,/& Harr7 Hartwood 5itchell (S&B *,*& =avid ;. Boren (S&B *3,& Thomas =. $owe >r. (S&B *3/& $o<ert =. 5cCullum >r. (S&B *3!& Wentworth 6arl 5iller (S&B *3*& Carlos Christo8her Trower (S&B *"+& $ichard Alan Sau<er (S&B *"4& Catherine 5. Sharke7 (S&B **4& Tali Farimah Farhadian (S&B **"& S&ull % Bones in the 2rilateral Co!!ission Geor-e H. W. Bush (S&B */!& >ohn H. Chafee (S&B */"& Winston ;ord (S&B *:*& $o<ert W. ?a-an (S&B *!+& $. ?eith Walton (S&B *!3& Austan Gools<ee (S&B ** & S&ull % Bones and #ree!asons (inco!3lete) Charles =aniel Hine (S&B !" & >ohn (errin (S&B !"*& Henr7 Chandler Holt (S&B *+,& Thomas ;. =aniels (S&B * /& >ohn H. Chafee (S&B */"& Ward Chene7 (S&B *44& Geor-e H. Chittenden (S&B *,*& >ohn Sherman Coo8er (S&B *4,& >ohn A. =aven8ort (S&B *43& $ussell W. =aven8ort (S&B *4,& =aniel (. =avison (S&B */*& Frederick Tru<ee =avison (S&B * !& Henr7 (Harr7& (. =avison >r. (S&B *4+& Clive =a7 (S&B !*4& >ose8h $ichardson =ilworth (S&B *,!& William S. =od-e (S&B *!3& Sherman 6win- (S&B *4/& Tali Farimah Farhadian (S&B **"& >ose8h Carrere Fo0 (S&B *,!& 6van Griffith Gal<raith (S&B *:+& Artemus ;. Gates (S&B * !& S. HaFard Gilles8ie >r. (S&B *,4& Geor-e Winthro8 Hai-ht (S&B *4!& Chaunce7 >. Hamlin (S&B *+,& Harr7 H. Har8er >r. (S&B *,/& 6dward $oland Harriman (S&B * "& W. Averell Harriman (S&B * ,& Geor-e ;. Harrison (S&B * +& Harold H. Heal7 >r. (S&B */,& Henr7 >ohn HeinF AA (S&B *, & Charles =. Hilles >r. (S&B *4/& Townsend Hoo8es (S&B *//& William 6. >ackson (S&B */ & 6ller7 S. >ames (S&B * "& Walter B. >ames (S&B !"*& (ierre >a7 (S&B !*4& Allen T. ?lots (S&B *+*& =avid G. ;itt (S&B *!/& Charles 6dwin ;ord AA (S&B */*& $o<ert A. ;ovett (S&B * !& Henr7 $. ;uce (S&B *4+& Archi<ald 5ac;eish (S&B * :& $a7 5orris (S&B *+ & >. Jui-- 9ewton >r. (S&B *,,& >ohn OG;ear7 (S&B *3*& Alfred O-den (S&B *,4& $o<ert Gunthrie (a-e (S&B *44& $al8h =. (aine >r. (S&B *4*& 5orehead (atterson (S&B *4+& ;ester W. (errin (S&B *+!& ;ansin- (. $eed (S&B *+/& Thomas B. $oss (S&B *: & Frank F. $ussell (S&B *43& Charles Se7mour (S&B *+!& Frank (. She8ard (S&B * "& Wallace =. Simmons (S&B !*+& (eter O. A. Sol<ert (S&B */ & Charles 5. S8offord (S&B *4/& 6liFa<eth A. Stanle7 (S&B **4& Harold Stanle7 (S&B *+!& $ichard C. Steadman (S&B *::& Henr7 ;. Stimson (S&B !!!& Harold (hel8s Stokes (S&B *+*& >ose8h $. Swan (S&B *+4& Henr7 W. Taft (S&B !!+& Thomas =. Thacher (S&B *+/& =eForest 2an Sl7ck (S&B *4+& >ames >. Wadsworth (S&B *4"& Frederic C. Walcott (S&B !* & Charles S. Whitehouse (S&B */"& 6. Sheldon Whitehouse (S&B *+:& Hu-h $. Wilson (S&B *+3& ?ni-ht Woolle7 (S&B * "& >ames Tin-%@eh @an- (S&B *!4&

S&ull % Bones at the Bilder+erg )eetings >ohn 5artin 2or7s (S&B * !& *:" 5orehead (atterson (S&B *4+& *:" Charles 5. S8offord (S&B *4/& *::# *3 # *3,# *33 Henr7 >ohn HeinF AA (S&B *, & *:/% *!3 William (. Bund7 (S&B *,*& *",# *""% *! # *!,% *!:# **+ 5cGeor-e Bund7 (S&B */+& *:"# *3/# *!+ >ohn H. Chafee (S&B */"& *"*# *!3# ** % **4 6van Griffith Gal<raith (S&B *:+& *!4 William F. Buckle7 >r. (S&B *:+& *":# **3 Winston ;ord (S&B *:*& *"/# *"!# *!+# *!4% *!:# *!"# **3 $o<ert W. ?a-an (S&B *!+& 4++/ >ohn For<es ?err7 (S&B *33& 4+ 4 Austan Gools<ee (S&B ** & 4+ 4 S&ull % Bones in the Bohe!ian rove (inco!3lete) William Howard Taft (S&B !"!& (otter Stewart (S&B *,"& =ean Witter >r. (S&B *//& William F. Buckle7 >r. (S&B *:+& ' Hill Billies Christo8her T. Buckle7 (S&B *":& ' Hill Billies Geor-e H. W. Bush (S&B */!& ' Hill Billies William H. =ra8er AAA (S&B *:+& ' Hill Billies 6van Griffith Gal<raith (S&B *:+& ' Hill Billies Geor-e H. (fau >r. (S&B */!& ' Hill Billies Frank A. S8role (S&B */4& ' Hill BAllies 2ernon $. ;oucks >r. (S&B *:"& ' 5andala7 Geor-e W. Bush (S&B *3!&

Members of The Order of Skull and Bones


1833 Bates, Samuel Henshaw Beach, John Campbell B shop, !oah Crump, John "a# s, Ben$am n %rankl n Hart, &ufus 'rastus (ew s, )sahel Hooker Marshall, Samuel "a# es Mather, %reder ck 'llsworth M ller, *h neas T moth+ ,anon+mous&obertson, &obert &ussell, . ll am Hunt n/ton Taft, )lphonso .ood, 0eor/e 1n/ersoll 1839 Carter, 'dw n Os/ood Co t, . ll am "a+, Thomas M lls '#arts, . ll am Ma6well Hatch, .alter T lden H+att, &obert :nderwood (aw, . ll am %ab an (+man, Chester Sm th Owen, )llen %erd nand &obeson, )bel Bellows Scarborou/h, . ll am Sm th S ll man, Ben$am n Jr3 .a te, Morr s &emm ck . ll ams, Henr+ ;erkes, Stephen 1821 Barr+, . ll am Ta+lor Sull #an "eSa, *ompeo )scenco 'merson, Joseph 'ust s, . ll am Tappan % eld, "a# d 1r# ne 0 llett, )u/ustus Canf eld Helfenste n, Charles *h l p (eaf, 'dmund (earned, . ll am (aw M tchell, "onald 0rant &a+mond, Henr+ Hunter Stur/es, He4ek ah . ll s, & chard Storrs .oolfolk, . ll am 0re+ ;arnall, Thomas Coff n 1827 Br ckell, James !oa lle Conner, (emuel *arker Conner, . ll am 0ust ne Cushman, 1saac (a%a+ette 'st+, Constant ne Canar s 0ould, James 0ardner Hard n/, John .heeler H ll, 0eor/e Cann n/ H+de, )l#an * nne+ 5enned+, Thomas Metcalfe, Orr ck ! ckerson, Sereno "w /ht &ank n, &obert Ta+lor, & chard .ales, (eonard 'u/ene 1832 Beaumont, 0eor/e )3 O3 Burr, . ll am Shedden Coff n/, Church ll 'merson, )lfred %oster, 'lea4ar 5 n/sbur+ 0ordon, )le6ander Blucher Hall, "an el 'merson Houston, John .allace 5endall, John !ewton 5 n/sle+, Henr+ Co t (ea, James !e lsen Southma+d, Samuel 0ra+ Spencer, 0eor/e 0 lman Tweed+, John Hubbard .ash n/ton, . ll am Henr+ 1838 Bartlett, John 5nowlton Cooper, . ll am %r erson "odd, )lbert %lem n/, . ll am Stuart Jones, Seaborn )u/ustus 5e+, Thomas Marshall (aw, . ll am (+on (+nde, Charles James & be ro, Carlos %ernando & ch, Charles Spauld n/, 'bene4er Talcott, Thomas 0ros#enor Thompson, Joseph *arr sh <arnum, Joseph Bradle+ . ll ams, Thomas Scott 182? Benton, Joseph )u/ust ne Brown, Joseph <enen Buttles, )lbert Barnes 'dwards, !ewton 0read+, . ll am *ostell Halse+, Jacob Henen, . ll am "a# son Hu// ns, . ll am S dne+ (ew s, Henr+ Mac.horter, )le6ander Mathews, )lbert M ller, %ranc s . ll am *erk ns, !athan el Shaw *eters, John )ndrew *ratt, Jul us Howard 1828 Backus, Joseph . lles Br sbr n, John Ball 'ak n, . ll am Spencer Harr son, Henr+ Baldw n Hawle+, "a# d 5ello//, Stephen .r /ht ( nton, Stephen "uncan Mulford, "a# d Humphre+ !elson, &ensselaer &ussell !e# ns, . ll am &ussell *h nne+, 'l hu Sa#a/e, Jos ah Steele, Henr+ Thornton St les, Joseph Trask, Charles Hooper 1837 )nderson, 'dw n )le6ander "a# s, John Howard, Oran &eed Johnston, %rank Mc(ellan, . ll am M lls, 'thelbert Sm th &affert+, John Chandler Seele+, John 'dward Se+mour, John %orman Sheffe+, Hu/h .h te Stron/, Caleb Stubs, )lfred Stur/es, Thomas Bened ct Thacher, Thomas )nthon+ .alsh, Hu/h 183= Beach, John Sheldon B ddle, Thomas Brad sh Chandler, . ll am Henr+ 'ldr d/e, Charles St3 John %aulkner, 'ndress Hubbard, & chard "udle+ Jackson, Henr+ &ootes !orr s, . ll am Herbert *utnam, James Osborne St lle, Charles Janewa+ Trotter, S las %lourno+ .ash n/ton, 0eor/e .atson, John Marsh . ll ams, . ll am *erk ns .olcott, 'l 4er 1823 Baratte, Jul us )dolphus Chambers, . ll am (+on 'ames, Ben$am n Tucker 0achet, Charles ! cholas 0rammar, Chr stopher 0ran/er, 0 deon Hart, &oswell Ha#ens, "an el . ll am (ambert, )lfred (ane, . ll am 0r swold (ent, John )bram Mood+, Thomas Hudson &obb, John Hunter &ob nson, (uc us %rankl n Ste#ens, Henr+ 1829 )ll son, Samuel *erk ns Baldw n, &o/er Sherman Ba+ne, Thomas (e# n/ston Coon, John % tch, James Ha /ht, "ucald Cameron Ha+den, . ll am Hallock Mc(allen, *h lemon %3 M lls, )lfred Moore, . ll am '#es Munn, John Olmsted, John Hull Sanford, Charles %reder ck Sm th, John "onnell . lson, John 1838 "arl n/, Thomas "em n/, Henr+ Champ on "ent, Henr+ Hatch "unwod+, James Bulloch Harr s, Henr+ &eeder Hurd, John Codman Mart n, John 0r ff th Mar# n, 0eor/e (ockwood * erson, . ll am Seward *reston, Henr+ 5 rk &owland, . ll am Sherman Sherman, %reder ck &o/er Sw ft, John Morton T+ler, 0eor/e *almer .ra+, James Mc)lp n 182> Be rne, Chr stopher James Bened ct, Theodore Hudson Burnham, Curt s % eld Chau#enet, . ll am % sk, Stuart . lk ns Hopp n, James Mason Ho+t, Joseph 0 bson Hudson, .ard .oodr d/e Jesup, James & le+ March, "an el McCall, Henr+ *erk ns, John Jr3 *erk ns, . ll am & chards, 0eor/e T ffan+, . ll am Henr+ 1822 Bell, & chard "obbs Spa /ht Breed, 'dward )ndrews 'll ot, . ll am Horace %elder, John Henr+ %err+, Orr s Sanford %ewsm th, . ll am % sk, Samuel )u/ustus %oote, Thaddeus (an er, )le6ander Chalmers (o#ell, Joseph &obb, James Mad son .alker, Joseph Burbeen .ashburn, . ll am Barrett .etherell, John .alcott . lson, )rchelaus 1828 )bbe, %reder ck &andolph ) tch son, . ll am Blake, Henr+ Ta+lor Colton, Henr+ Mart n Cond t, Charles 'merson, Samuel %oster, "w /ht H tchcock, Henr+ 5 nne, . ll am Mes ck, & chard Sm th * nckard, Thomas C cero Str ckler, Samuel )le6ander .h te, 0eor/e . llco6, 0 les Buck n/ham ;oun/, Benham "an el

182= Brande/ee, )u/ustus Came, Charles 0reen Campbell, James Clarke, . ll am Barker "w /ht, T moth+ % nch, %ranc s M les % sk, %rankl n .oodbur+ Hou/h, 'dward Clement Hurlbut, Joseph 5 rb+, Jacob Brown Metcalfe, Henr+ (aurens M les, James Brown n/ Morr s, 'dward "af+dd & chardson, .alker &ockwell, John 1873 ) ken, . ll am *ope Babcock, Henr+ Harper Baldw n, 0eor/e . ll am Capron, Samuel M lls Co t, Joshua "a# es, Thomas %reder ck 0leason, . ll am Henr+ 0rout, )lfred Heard, )lbert %arle+ Jack, Thomas Mc5 nne+ Johnson, 0eor/e )sbur+ 5ent, )lbert 'mmett .h te, )ndrew " ckson .h ton, James Morr s . llard, )ndrew Jackson 1879 Blackman, Charles Se+mour Blake, 'l .h tne+ Buckland, Joseph *a+son Butler, %ranc s 'u/ene Cro6ton, John Thomas "a+, John Cal# n 'dwards, )lfred (ew s 0reen, James *a+ne Holmes, John M lton Jackson, Joseph Cooke !orthrop, C+rus *ratt, 0eor/e Se+mour, Storrs O4 as T+ler, Moses Co t .ells, !athan "ana 1881 Baldw n, S meon 'ben Brown, Hubert Sanford Chamberla n, &obert ( nton "e6ter, %rankl n Bowd tch %uller, . ll am Henr+ H // ns, )nthon+ 5ernochan, %ranc s 'dward M tchell, John Hanson !ewel, Stanford *ark, . ll am 'dwards *eck, Trac+ &oot, )le6ander *orter Shearer, Se6tus S ll, 'dward &owland . ll ams, &alph Omsted

187> Bentle+, 'dward .arren Bl ss, &obert Bl ss, . ll am &oot Camp, Cl nton Chase, Henr+ Colton, . ll s Stron/ Cond t, )lbert * erson Con#erse, 0eor/e Sherman "echert, Henr+ Mart+n %oote, Joseph %orward (udden, . ll am Manross, !ewton Spauld n/ &oberts, 'll s Henr+ Storrs, Cord al .oodford, Oswald (an/don 1872 Blackman, Samuel Curt s Cutler, Carroll "enn+, Thomas %enn, . ll am Henr+ Hooker, John .orth n/ton (ambert, 'dward . lberforce (ombard, James 5 ttred/e (ord, 0eor/e "e%orest Morr s, (u4on Burr tt *otw n, (emuel Stou/hton *urnell, Charles Thomas Slade, %ranc s Henr+ Twombl+, )le6ander Ste#enson .h te, Charles )twood .h tne+, 'dward *a+son 1878 Blake, 'dward %oster ' chelber/er, Mart n Sm+ser 0rant, 'dward "rom/oole Haskell, &obert Chandler Heermance, 'd/ar (a n/ Holl ster, )rthur !elson 5 mball, John 'dw n (ee, Samuel Henr+ Mac(ellan, 0eor/e Boardman *erk ns, Thomas )lbert *orter 'dward Clarke Scott, 'ben 0reenou/h Ste#ens, %reder c . ll am <an !ame, )dd son .oodward, . ll am Herr ck 188? )dams, %reder c Chamberla n, "an el Henr+ Coe, 'dward Benton "a+, Mel# lle Co6 'aton, Sherburne Blake Johnston, Henr+ *helps 5 tchel, Cornel us (add (ampson, . ll am Mac<ea/h, %rankl n & ple+, 0eor/e Co t Seel+, . ll am .allace Stebb ns, Henr+ Haml n Ta+lor, John *helps .ard, John )bbott .eeks, &obert 5elle+

1871 )le6ander, . ll am %el 6 Beman, Henr+ "e. tt Br nsmade, Horat o .alsh Crampton, &ufus Cowles "ana, . ll am Buck '#ans, '#an . lhelm Haldeman, & chard Jacobs Hebard, )lbert ( ttle, &obb ns Man ce, . ll am "e%orest Slade, John M lton <ose, James 0ard ner .ells, Henr+ "orrance .h te, Henr+ "+er .h tne+, 'merson Co/swell 1877 )le6ander, . ll am "e. tt Barnes, . ll am Henr+ (3 Bumstead, !athan el . ll s Ch ld, ( nus Mason Cobb, Henr+ ! tch e 0ran/er, John )lbert Johnson, Charles %reder ck 5 ttred/e, 0eor/e )l#ah (ampson, 0eor/e Mulford, 'l sha Spr n/, )ndrew Jackson T+ler, Charles Mellen .heeler, . ll am .oodward, Stanle+ ;ardle+, Henr+ )lbert 187= Br stol, (ou s Henr+ Brodhead, Henr+ Carpenter, &obert John Cla+, 0reen "unham, 0eor/e 'll ott Hall, . ll am 5 ttred/e Hannahs, " odate Cushman Harr son, Burton !or#ell &obertson, Charles %rankl n Schu+ler, 'u/ene Sm th, 'u/ene St les, . ll am )u/ustus Ta+lor, )lfred Judd .h te, &o/er Sherman . lco6, )sher Henr+ 1883 )llen, .alter )rms, Charles Jesup B n/ham, '/ert B+ron Bull, Cornel us .ade Butler, John Haskell Chamberla n, (eander T3 " mock, Henr+ %arnam %owler, Horace .ebster 5ernochan, Joseph %reder c *err+, "a# d Bra nard Sheff eld, 0eor/e St3 John Southworth, 0eor/e C3 S3 Sumner, . ll am 0raham .esson, Charles Holland .h tne+, . ll am Coll ns

187? B /elow, )lbert Blakeslee, Henr+ Cla+ Bl ss, Charles M ller Cooper, Jacob Crapo, . ll am .allace 0 lman, "an el Co t Helmer, Charles "owns Hou/hton, 'dward Johnston, . ll am *reston Marmaduke, < ncent McCorm ck, Henr+ &oss, . ll am Baldw n Safford, 0eor/e Bla/den S ll, 0eor/e 0r swold Stanle+, . ll am 1878 )rnot, Matth as Hollenback Barker, 0eor/e *a+son Brown, John Mason Campbell, . ll am Har#e+ .3 Cond t, Stephen "epew, Chaunce+ M tchell " ck nson, )rthur 'ak n, 'mmet )le6ander % scher, (ou s Chr stopher Ma/ruder, Ben$am n "rake !ettleton, 'dward *a+son *ackard, (ew s & chard *a ne, (e# (eonard &ob nson, 0eor/e Chester .h tne+, James (+man 188> Beckle+, John .erle Bo es, Charles )lfred Boltwood, 'dward "an els, Joseph (eonard "a# s, (owndes Henr+ "a# s, &obert Stewart %owler, . ll am %urb sh, 'dward Brown Hebard, "an el Johnston, . ll am Curt s Jones, (uther Ma+nard Owen, Charles Hunter *helps, . ll am .alter Seel+, John %rank Sm th, . ll am Tha+er 1882 Boltwood, Thomas 5ast Borden, Matthew C3 "3 Bo+den, Henr+ *a ne Clark, )lbert Barnes Hew tt, Thomas Brown n/ Mac(ean, Charles %raser Merr am, 0eor/e Spr n/ M ller, )lanson "ou/las Owen, Henr+ 'l $ah *almer, . ll am Henr+ *ratt, . ll am Hall Brace *u/sle+, 1saac *latt Sterl n/, John . ll am .h te, Ol #er Sherman .oodruff, %ranc s 'ben

1887 Bent, Joseph )ppleton Brooks, John 'dward Brown, Henr+ )rm tt Bulke+, Tu4ar Bushnell, . ll am Bened ct Caske+, Tal aferro %rankl n Charnle+, Charles Me /s 'well, John (ou s %ord, 0eor/e Tod Merr ll, *a+son & //s, Ben$am n Clapp Sm th, Charles 'd/ar St mson, Henr+ )lbert Stone, . ll am .arren, Henr+ .aterman 188= Bannard, Henr+ Cla+ Beers, Henr+ )u/ust n B ssell, . lson Shannon Brown, )le6ander (ardner 'no, John Chester %oster, John * errepont C3 %reeman, Henr+ <arnum Heaton, 'dward Hooker, Thomas 1sham, John Beach (ear, Henr+ *err n, Bernadotte &a+mond, Henr+ .arren & chardson, &ufus B+am Sh rle+, )rthur 1893 )le6ander, 'ben )llen, )rthur Hunt n/ton Beebe, . ll am "an els, &ensselaer . lk nson "enslow, Herbert Mc5en4 e 'lder, Samuel James %la//, . lbur .ells 0rubb, Charles &oss Johnes, 'dward &udolph Judson, 1saac ! chols (athe, Herbert . ll am Ord, Joseph *ac f cus *rent ce, Samuel Oscar Tarbell, %rank B /elow Thomas, Charles Henr+ 1899 Barnum, . ll am M lo B /elow, .alter 1r# n/ Brooks, .alter Chap n, Charles %reder c Coll n, . ll am .elch Cooke, 'lbr d/e Cl nton 'aton, Samuel (ew s 0ould, )nthon+ Ho+sradt, )lbert 5 mball, )rthur &eed *erc+, %reder ck Bosworth Sears, Joshua Mont/omer+ Thacher, John Se+mour Tuttle, 0eor/e Mont/omer+ . nston, %reder ck Se+mour

1888 )dams, Charles Hemmenwa+ Brand, James Coff n, 'dmund Cole, Ham lton %arnam, . ll am .h tman %oote, Harr+ .ard Hall, John Mann n/ H ncks, 'dward ;oun/ Holt, 0eor/e Chandler Judson, %reder ck !ewton (ampman, (ew s Sloane, Henr+ Thompson South/ate, Charles McClellan .ade, (e# Cl fford .h te, 0eor/e 'dward 189> )ndrews, John .all n/ford Jr3 0ull #er, . ll am Curt s Johnston, &oss (earned, "w /ht .h tne+ Mason, Henr+ Burrall McClure, James 0ore 5 n/ McCutchen, Samuel St3 John M ller, 0eor/e "ou/las *err+, John Ho+t Selden, 'dward 0r ff n Shattuck, John .aldon Stearns, 'dw n &ussell Stron/, Charles Hall T lne+, Thomas Joseph .elch, . ll am Henr+ 1892 )ld s, Owen %rankl n Barnes, *earce Bushnell, Samuel Clarke %arnam, Henr+ .alcott 0ro#er, Thomas . ll ams James, Henr+ )mmon Munroe, 0eor/e 'dmund *ark n, . ll am &obb ns, 'dwards "enmore Stapler, Henr+ Be dleman B3 Townsend, James Mulford .alden, &ussell . ckes, Thomas *armelee . therbee, %rank Spencer .ood, John Se+mour 1898 Campbell, Treat Carter, Charles %ranc s Curt s, 0eor/e (ou s 'dwards, 0eor/e Ben$am n %oster, &o/er Sherman Baldw n James, . ll am 5nowles Jenks, Tudor Storrs 5else+, Clarence H ll 5nott, 0eor/e Tapscott *ollock, 0eor/e 'dward Seel+, 'dward Howard Jr3 Spencer, Charles (an/ford Stone, Charles Mart n Taft, . ll am Howard ,BC.h tne+, 'dward Baldw n

1889 B ssell, )rthur "ou/las "e6ter, Morton "uBo s, John Ja+ "unn n/, )lbert 'l $ah Hard n/, . lder Bennett Hartshorn, Joseph . ll am Hed/e, Thomas (amb, )lbert 'u/ene ( bbe+, %rank Merr am, James % ske Se+mour, Horat o Spencer, James Ma/off n Taft, *eter &awson .etmore, 0eor/e *eabod+ .oodward, & chard . ll am 1891 Clark, Charles Hopk ns Coll n, %reder ck 'll ot, Henr+ &utherford H ne, Charles "an el 5 nne+, Herbert '#el+n (ea, &obert Br nkle+ Mansf eld, Howard Mason, )lfred B shop Mead, %reder ck *err+, . lbert .arren Sperr+, .atson &obertson Stron/, 0eor/e )rthur Sweet, 'dw n %orrest Thacher, Thomas Townsend, . ll am 5neeland 1897 )#er+, Charles Hammond Brooks, James . lton Chester, Carl Thurston Clarke, Thomas Sl dell "a+, &obert .ebster 0ull #er, Henr+ Stron/ Hotchk ss, . ll am Henr+ Jenks, )lmet %ranc s Jones, "w /ht )r#en Jones, %rank Hatch *atton, John Se+mour, John Samm s Sm th, 'dward Curt s Southworth, 'dward .ells T ll n/hast, Charles 189= Bowers, (lo+d .heaton Burpee, (uc en %ranc s %oster, 0eor/e %orr s 0reen, Henr+ Sherwood H tchcock, Henr+ H+de, %rank 'ldr d/e James, .alter Belknap ( # n/ston, Herman *err n, John *latt, (ew s )lfred &odman, &obert S mpson Sw nburne, (ou s Judson Thompson, Ol #er "a# d T /he, )mbrose .oodruff, T moth+ (ester

1888 Berr+, Coburn "ewees Brewster, Chaunce+ Bunce Coff n, James Colt, (eBaron Bradford " 6on, . ll am *almer %arnam, Charles Henr+ (ew s, John Mc5 nne+, . ll am )ll son Sloane, Thomas Chalmers Thacher, James 5 n/sle+ T nker, )nson *helps Tweed+, Samuel T+tus, 'dward Jefferson .ood, . ll am Curt s .r /ht, Henr+ *arks 189? Coe, &obert 'lmer Cush n/, . ll am (ee "em n/, Charles Clerc "em n/, Clarence "em n/, Henr+ Champ on "enn s, %reder c Shepard H ncks, John Howard Hopp n, Ben$am n Merr am, )le6ander &oss Moore, 0eor/e %oot Owen, 'dward Thomas *a+son, Henr+ S las &amsdell, Charles Ben$am n Spald n, 0eor/e )therton .oolse+, Theodore Sal sbur+ 1898 )llen, John "e. tt Ham lton )ndrews, John .olcott Bannard, Otto Tremont Bla ne, .alker Bottum, 'l sha Slocum Cook, &obert Johnston "awes, Chester M tchell %owler, Charles !ewell Hadle+, )rthur Tw n n/ Howe, 'lmer *arker H+de, . ll am .aldo Mar# n, Joseph Howard &ussell, *h l p 0ra+ Sm th, &ufus B //s .orcester, 'dw n "ean 188> )llen, . ll am *almer )mundson, John )rnold Bentle+, 'dward Manross Camp, .alter Chaunce+ 0reen, 'dmund %rank Jenn n/s, .alter ! chols, )lfred Bull Ordwa+, Henr+ Choate *arker, . lbur *artr d/e, S dne+ Catl n *eters, . ll am )ll son Scudder, "oremus Spencer, 'dward Curran Taft, Harr+ ,Henr+- .aters . therbee, .alter Crafts

1881 ) ken, 'dw n 'd/erton Barne+, "anford !ewton Bartlett, *h l p 0olden Burrell, Joseph "unn Coleman, John Caldwell '#arts, Sherman %uller, *h lo Carroll 1#es, Henr+ (e /hton, James Osborne, Thomas Burr Thompson, !orman %3 <an de0raaff, )dr an Sebast an <ernon, %reder ck & chardson .alden, Howard Talbot .h te, Henr+ Charles 1887 )rnot, John Hulett Baldw n, Henr+ "e%orest Bertron, Samuel &ead n/ Brande/ee, %rank Bosworth Br d/man, John Clo+se Brooks, Henr+ Stanford %landers, Henr+ & chmond H dden, 'dward Hobbs, Charles Bu6ton Mallon, 0u+ .ard McHenr+, John & chards, 'u/ene (amb &ob nson, (uc us %rankl n Terr+, .+ll+s .orcester, . lfred James 188= Buchanan, Thomas .alter Corb n, . ll am Herbert "onnelle+, Thomas 'll ott % sher, Samuel Herbert 0 ll, Charles Ot s 0r //s, John Cornel us Mc@ua d, . ll am )dolphe * nchot, 0 fford &eed, Harr+ (athrop &ob nson, Henr+ Se+mour Sm th, Herbert )u/ust ne Stokes, Horace Sheldon .alker, Horace %letcher .ells, Herbert .etmore .oodruff, 0eor/e .ash n/ton 18=3 Be//, . ll am &e+nolds Cooke, James Barcla+ "w /ht, . nthrop 'dwards 0allaudet, 'dson %essenden Ha+, (o/an 1#es, Sherwood B ssell Jones, )lfred Henr+ (ambert, )dr an <an S nderen Mart n, 0eor/e 0reene *arker, . ll am .h te . lson *arsons, %ranc s &ob nson, John Trumbull &ob+, Joseph &o/ers, "erb+ .all s, )le6ander Ham lton

188? Bad/er, .alter 1r# n/ Brewster, Ben$am n Campbell, James )le6ander 'no, . ll am *helps %rench, )sa *almer Johnson, Barcla+ 5napp, Howard Ho+t (+man, Chester .olcott McBr de, . lber Osborne, )rthur Sherwood *latt, Henr+ Barstow *ollock, . ll am .ells, John (ew s .h tne+, Joseph 'rnest .orcester, %rankl n 'ldred 1888 )nthon+, Ben$am n Harr s Bremner, Samuel 5 mball Cowles, )lfred Crapo, Stanford Tappan "a+, Thomas M lls 5napp, .allace *erc+ (ew s, Charlton M ner *eters, %rank 0eor/e *helps, 'dward Johnson *helps, Sheff eld * erson, Charles .heeler Schwab, John Chr stopher Sh pman, )rthur (eff n/well Stewart, *h l p Battell . nston, "udle+ 18=> Ba+ard, Thomas %ranc s Jr3 Corw th, John .h te Crosb+, John "a+, )rthur *omero+ %arnham, John "orrance Harr son, A&e/ naldB %a rfa6 Haslam, (ew s Scof eld James, !orman 5ello//, Charles *oole 5neeland, ;ale Morse, S dne+ !elson Sa/e, Henr+ Mann n/ S mmons, .allace "elaf eld Stewart, *erc+ Ham lton Trac+, '#arts 18=2 Case, 0eor/e Bowen Cochran, Thomas "a# es, Thomas %reder ck Hall, John (oomer Hare, Mered th Holter, 'dw n Olaf Howland, John James, &obert Campbell McM llan, *h l p Ham lton *a ne, &alph "elaha+e Stewart, .alter 'u/ene Jr3 St llman, (eland Stanford .alcott, . ll am Stuart .h tne+, Harr+ *a+ne .ord, Charles %ranc s

1883 Burpee, Charles . nslow "em n/, (aurent Clerc %olsom, Henr+ T tus %oote, Charles Seward %rost, 'l hu Br ntnal H llard, (ord Butler Hull, (ou s 5ossuth 5ello//, %red . ll am Mc(au/hl n, 'dward Tompk ns Moore, 'l ak m Hast n/s Jr3 *almer, Harr+ Herbert *arrott, Joseph &ob nson Taft, Horace "utton Thacher, Sherman "a+ .oodward, John Butler 1889 Bennetto, John Corw n, &obert !elson Cowles, . ll am Hutch nson Co6e, )le6ander Brown "ou/lass, . llard &ob nson Hare, Cl nton (arue Ha#en, 0eor/e 0r swold Jenn n/s, Ol #er 0ould 5endall, . ll am Burra/e Jr3 5ent, . ll am 5n /ht, Samuel *omero+, John !orton &o/ers, John Sheppard, .alter Bradle+ Thacher, . ll am (arned 18=1 Calhoun, 0o#erneur Co6, John Jou/h n "oane, John .esle+ Jr3 'st ll, Joe 0arner 0ra#es, . ll am *h ll ps 1sham, 'dward Sw ft 5enerson, <ertner McCl ntock, !orman Mor son, Samuel Ben$am n *oole, . ll am %reder ck S mms, . ll am 'rsk ne Thomson, Samuel Cl fton Townsend, John Barnes Tweed+, Henr+ Hallam .alcott, %reder c Coll n 18=7 Beard, )nson McCook Buckner, Mort mer !orton Butterworth, %rank Se ler Cable, Ben$am n St ckne+ Carter, .alter %reder ck Clark, )le6ander &a+ Cooke, .alter '#ans "a# s, Ben$am n "en son, ( ndsa+ Harr son, %ranc s Burton H nke+, %rank )u/ustus Mc5ee, (an er *helps, C ra Bennett Sheple+, )rthur Behn Sloane, . ll am

1882 Blod/ett, 0eor/e &edd n/ton Booth, Samuel )lbert Booth, . lbur %rankl n '#arts, Ma6well %oster, &e/ nald 0ruener, 0usta# Jenks, *aul 'mott Jones, %reder ck Scheet4 (ambert, )le6ander (awrance, Thomas 0arner McM llan, . ll am Charles *a nter, Henr+ McMahon Tompk ns, &a+ Twombl+, Henr+ Bancroft . lder, )mos *arker 1888 Coole+, Harlan .ard % sher, 1r# n/ 0 ll, 0eor/e Metcalf Hurd, & chard Melancthon 1sbell, Orland S dne+ McM llan, James Hoard Mor son, "a# d .h pple &ob+, Samuel S dne+ Brese Seward, . ll am Henr+ Solle+, %red *almer Sta//, )mos )lon4o Ste#enson, %reder c )u/ustus St mson, Henr+ (ew s .a te, Mor son &em ch .alker, Samuel Johnson 18=? Ba+ne, Hu/h ) ken Boltwood, 'dward Chene+, Howell Chene+, 5n /ht "e6ter Jr3 Crosb+, Ben$am n (ew s Jr3 "a+, Cl #e 0ra#es, Henr+ Solon Husted, James . ll am 1n/ersoll, James .ernham "3 Ja+, * erre 5 tchel, . ll am (lo+d McClun/, Thomas (ee Mor son, Stanford !ewel *r ce, %rank Jul an &+le, 'rnest 18=8 Beard, . ll am Moss/ro#e Brown, )le6ander Chene+, .ard Cross, . ll am &edmond "eS bour, Jules Henr 0r //s, Ma tland %uller Mc5ee, Mc5ee "unn !eale, James Brown Sm th, . nthrop "a#enport Stokes, )nson *helps Thorne, Samuel Thorne, Samuel Br nckeroff Treadwa+, &alph B shop Trudeau, 'dward (3 Jr3 .e+erhaeuser, %reder ck '3

18=9 Ba le+, *h l p Horton Brooke, 0eor/e Cl+mer Coff n, Henr+ Sloane % ncke, Clarence Mann 0arr son, 'l sha 'l+ 0erard, Sumner 0 llette, Curten us 5err, )lbert Boardman 5 tchel, Cornel us *orter * nchot, )mos & chards 'no Sa/e, "ean Sm+th, !athan )+er Sumner, 0raham .heelwr /ht, Joseph Storer . ll ams, !orman )lton 1=>1 )llen, )rthur "w /ht Carl sle, James Mande# lle Chene+, *h l p Chene+, Thomas (an/don Chr st an, Henr+ Hall Co+, Sherman (ockwood 'dwards, & chard Henr+ 'els, John Shepard H 6on, &obert Ho+sradt, J3 .arren 5eppelman, John )rthur Morr s, &a+ & chardson, )llan Har#e+ .elch, 0eor/e )rnold .r /ht, )lfred *arks 1=>7 Bradford, )rthur Howe 'llsworth, John Stou/hton % sh, Stu+#esant Ho/an, James Joseph Holl ster, Buell Hu/hes, Berr en (athrop, John H ram & chardson, 0ardner &o/ers, 'dmund *endleton Sar/ent, Murra+ Sloane, John T lne+, &obert % n/land 11 Turner, Harold Mc(eod <an &e+pen, . ll am 53 Jr3 .h tehouse, 'dw n Sheldon 1=>= Bund+, Har#e+ Holl ster Burch, &obert Bo+d Campbell, Charles Soutter Clark, )#er+ )rt son "om n ck, 0a+er 0ardner Howard, James Merr am Howe, Henr+ )lm+ Jefferson, 'dward %ranc s 5lots, )llen Trafford ( pp tt, Henr+ *err n, John Bates &and, Stuart Cra / Sanderson, Ben$am n Blethen Seabur+, Mort mer )shmfad Stokes, Harold *helps

18=8 Chene+, Cl fford "udle+ %eare+, Morton (a4ell 0allaudet, Herbert "raper Hale, 'u/ene Jr3 H nsdale, %rank 0 lbert 5ernochan, %reder c (ord, %rankl n )tk ns Mont/omer+, 0ren# lle "3 *arker, 0ren# lle &o/ers, "a# d %ranc s S mmons, %rank Hunter .adsworth, James .olcott Jr3 .h tne+, *a+ne . ckes, %ors+th .r /ht, Henr+ Burt 1=>? Carpenter, 0eor/e Boone Cressler, )lfred M ller Cush n/, Charles C+pr an S3 "a+, . ll am 'dwards %er/uson, )lfred (udlow 0uernse+, &a+mond 0ano *otter, &oder ck &umse+, Bronson Case S ncerbeau6, %rank Huest s Stebb ns, 'dw n )llen Stone, Harold Swan, Joseph &ockwell Ta+lor, )lan Mc(ean Trowbr d/e, Mason .h te, *erc+ 0ard ner 1=>8 Bruce, "onald "ousman, (ou s de< er# lle 'l+, 0ros#enor %l nn, )le6ander &e6 Ho+t, (+d / Ma/ee, John 0 llesp e McClure, James 0ore 5 n/ Jr3 Mc0ee, "onald )shbrook Moorhead, . ll am S n/er ODBr en, %rank *err n, (ee James &ockwell, %oster Harr+ Sm th, Bruce "onald Turner, Spencer . lson, Hu/h &obert 1=1> Ba+neEJones, Stanhope Co+, 'dward Harr s "eS l#er, )lbert %ranchot, Charles *ascal %rench, &obert "udle+ Harr son, 0eor/e (esl e Heron, John 5 n/, (+ndon Marrs 5n /ht, )u/ustus (o/an, .alter Seth (ohmann, Carl )lbert Murph+, %reder ck James *h lb n, Stephen H3 11 Taft, &obert )lphonso .odell, &uth#en )dr ance

18== )dams, Mason T+ler )mes, Sull #an "obb Bowles, Henr+ Thornton Brooke, %reder c H ester Brown, Jamot Callahan, Hu/h )ndrew "a+, "w /ht Hunt n/ton 0r swold, . ll am 'dward Schenck Maff tt, Thomas Sk nker Ma/ee, James Mc"e# tt *reston, Ord Sweet, Carroll %uller <anderb lt, )lfred 0w+nne .elles, Charles Hopk ns Jr3 .h tehouse, . ll am %3 1=>3 Chadw ck, 0eor/e Brewster Clark, Harold Terr+ Corn n/, 'rastus "re sbach, John Mart n Haml n, Chaunce+ Jerome Hew tt, Brower Holt, Henr+ Chandler (amb, )lbert & chard Moore, %rank .ood Sutph n, Stuart Bruen Thompson, "onald .allace, Henr+ M tchell .ar n/, )nton o Johnston .h te, John & chards . lhelm , %reder ck . ll am 1=>9 Barnes, . ll am "eluce Bla r, . ll am McCorm ck Camp, )rthur 0oodw n "an els, %orrest (eonard "an elson, & chard 'l+ " 6on, Theodore *olhemus "od/e, *h l p (+ndon 0laen4er, 0eor/es Brette 5no6, Hu/h Sm th ( ttle, M tchell Stuart Morse, Samuel % nle+ Brown Truesdale, Cal# n Tuttle, 0eor/e Cool d/e .ells, Harold Sherman .oolse+, Heathcote Mu rson 1=11 Bad/er, *aul Bradford Core+, )lan (+le "al+, %reder ck Joseph "a# s, Cl nton . ldes "a+, Sherwood Sunderland "empse+, John Bourne 0ammell, )rthur )mor+ H+de, %reder ck .alton (ombard , Cornel us 'nn s Mc"onnell, John < ncent &andolph, %ranc s % t4 &owland, John T l/hman Soule, (esl e <an S nderen, Henr+ B3 .heeler, (awrence &a+mond

1=>> )dams, %reder ck Baldw n )llen, %reder ck . nthrop Camp, Stuart Brown Chene+, %rank "e6ter Coff n, . ll am Sloane Cross, John .alter "ou/las, Malcolm 0reenwa+, James Cowan Hopk ns, John Mor/an (ea# tt, )shle+ (+on, 0eor/e )rmstron/ *addock, Brace .h tman &ockefeller, *erc+ )#er+ Sull #an, Corl ss 'smonde Taft, Hulbert 1=>2 )dams, Charles 'dward )dams, 0eor/e .ebster Chene+, &ussell Crane, . nthrop Murra+ Jr3 Cross, .alter Snell "od/e, %ranc s Talma/e Jenn n/s, *erc+ Hall 5 ttle, John Caspar Metcalf, Harold 0rant M ller, James 'l+ * erce, %reder ck 'rastus &eed, (ans n/ *armelee Soper, . llard Burr Thacher, Thomas "a+ . // n, %reder ck Holme 1=>8 B /low, (uc us Horat o "ahl, 0eor/e "a# s, .alter 0oodw n " nes, T+son %oster, Joseph Ta+lor 0r swold, "w /ht Torre+ *err n, (ester . ll am Se+mour, Charles Shepard, &o/er Bulkle+ Stanle+, Harold Thornton, James Carlton Townsend, 0eor/e Henr+ Townsend, James Mulford Jr3 .atk ns, Charles (aw . ll ams, James . llard 1=1? Bo+d, %ranc s T3 0ardner, &obert )bbe Hartle+, Ca#our Howe, )rthur H+de, "onald &obertson McClure, )rch bald Merr tt, Henr+ !ewton Mull ns, %reder c *arsons Murph+, 0erald Cler+ *aul, Charles Henr+ Sm th, James 0re/or+ Street, Henr+ )bbott Strout, 'dw n )u/ustus Jr3 Tener, )le6ander Campbell Twombl+, 'dward Bancroft

1=13 )llen, Cal# n "urand )llen, Clarence 'm r Jr3 Baker, & chard .heeler Col/ate, Henr+ )uch ncloss Cortel+ou, 0eor/e Bruce Cowles, )lfred 111 Harman, )rcher Harr man, . ll am )#erell (o#ett, )u/ust S dne+ Mc)ndrew, )le6ander *h lb n, Jesse Hollada+ Saw+er, Homer 'u/ene Jr3 Schwab, (aurence #on *ost Shelden, )llan .aters, . ll am Ot s 1=19 Bell n/er, )lfred &a+mond Bush, *rescott Sheldon Cooper, Henr+ Sa/e %en more Cunn n/ham, Ol #er Bat+ "ur+ee, Samuel Sloan Harr man, 'dward &oland !oel 1sham, Henr+ *orter James, . ll am 'ller+ Sed/w ck (e0ore, Harr+ . ll am Mallon, Henr+ !e l Olsen, )lbert . ll am O#erton, John . ll ams Shepard, %rank *arsons Jr3 S mpson, 5enneth %arrand .oolle+, 5n /ht 1=?1 )costa, John S dne+ Bradle+, Charles Har#e+ Brewster, .alter & ce Bund+, %reder ck Mc0eor/e Cowles, . ll am Sheff eld Hem nwa+, Bartow (ew s Hord, Stephen ;oun/ Jenckes, Marc en ( tt, . llard "a# d (unt, Storer Boardman !e# lle, James 'u/ene *arsons, (an/don She#l n, 'dward (eonard Stewart, John . nter, 'dw n .heeler 11 1=?7 )rdre+, &ushton (e /h )shburn, %rank "a# s Bench, 'dward Ca$etan B ssell, . ll am Truesdale Bla r, James 0rant 0a/e, Charles Stafford 1#es, 0erard Merr ck Jones, .alter Cl+de (o#e$o+, . nslow Meston (ufk n, 'l/ood Moulton (uman, & chard John !orton, . ll am Bunnell Scott, Henr+ Clarkson Ste#ens, Mar# n )llen Ste#enson, "onald "a+

1=12 )#er+, Ben$am n %3 Corn sh, *erc+ 0 llette Jr3 "an els, Thomas (eonard 0 le, Clement Moses Hobson, Henr+ . se Jenks, )lmet %ranc s Jones, 0eor/e 0 ll 5etcham, Henr+ Holman 5 n/, Stoddard ( pp ncott, . ll am Jackson Osborn, & chard *atterson, 0eor/e .ash n/ton &o/ers, Herman ( # n/ston Shepard, (orr n )ndrews .arren, . ll am Candee Jr3 1=18 )mes, )llen .allace Baldr /e, Howard Malcolm Cla+, Cass us Marcellus "a# son, %reder ck Trubee "eans, &obert Barr %arrar, John Ch pman 0arf eld, !ewell 0ates, )rtemus (amb 0ould, James (o#ett, &obert )bercromb e Snell, &a+mond %rankl n Stewart, Charles Jacob Taft, Charles *helps <or+s, John Mart n .oolle+, John 'l ot 1=?? )ldr ch, Malcolm *ratt Bush, James Sm th Chene+, .ard Crosb+, )lbert Hast n/s %rost, )lbert Carl Jr3 H lles, %reder ck .h le+ (arner, &obert Johnson (ord, . ll am 0ale+ *a/e, &obert 0uthr e &oot, .ells Solle+, &obert %ol/er Stron/, Henr+ Barnard Thomas, John )llen M ner Townsend, %reder c de*3 Jr3 .oodward, Stanle+ 1=?8 )llen, "an el Bronson, James "a# s Jr3 Coke, Henr+ Corn ck Crosb+, Henr+ Stetson Cutler, Ben$am n Crawford "a#enport, John )lfred %er/uson, )lfred (udlow Jr3 Ho+sradt, John Mc)rthur 5 n/sbur+, Howard Tha+er (ord, Oswald Bates M chel, )nthon+ (ee *oore, Charles 0ra+don &oot, &e/ nald "ean &ussell, %rank %ord . llard, Charles Hast n/s

1=17 Burtt, 'dw n )rthur Carter, (+on Cornell, Thomas H lar+ "a#enport, Stephen & ntoul "ene/re, Thomas Ba+ne Mac"onald, &anald Hu/h 11 Mac(e sh, )rch bald M ddlebrook, (ou s Shelton *ar s, 1r# n/ *umpell+, Harold )rmstron/ &e ll+, John S+l#ester Shedden, . ll am Mart ndale Slocum, 'dw n (+on Stackpole, 'dward James Sw ft, .alker 'l+ 1=1= )llen, *arker Breese Baldw n, Sherman Campbell, )lan Barnette Carter, %reder c "ewhurst "epew, 0anson 0ood+ear 0a llard, 'dward McCrad+ Hadle+, Ham lton Haffner, Charles Chr st an Jr3 Mallon, John Howard McCorm ck, )le6ander )3 Jr3 Mc5ee, 'lmore Mc!e ll Mead, . nter Ot s, James Sanford Sm th, Tra#er .alker, 0eor/e !esm th 1=?3 Becket, 0eor/e Campbell Bulke+, Jonathan O/den Cooper, John Sherman "a#enport, &ussell .heeler "a+, Hunt n/ton Townsend %oster, Ma6well '#arts H+de, (ou s 5epler Jr3 Jones, 'dw n )3 Jordan, &alph 'dward (ucke+, Charles * nckne+ Matth essen, %ranc s Otto !orton, 0eor/e .3 Jr3 *ell+, Bernard Beren/er T /he, & chard (od/e .heeler, )lfred !ewton 1=?9 Bunnell, *h l .3 (ook, )llen MacMart n Mc1ntosh, Harr s !oble, (awrence Mason *atterson, Thomas Cle#eland *ost, &ussell (ee & tch e, .allace *arks &obb ns, . ll am .elles &ob nson, %reder ck %lower Stokes, )nson *helps Jr3 .adsworth, James Jerem ah .alker, 0eor/e Herbert Jr3 .ardwell, 'dward &o/ers .arren, John "a#ock .atson, Charles 111

1=18 "arl n/, )rthur Burr 0a llard, Samuel 0ourd n Jr3 Hadle+, Morr s Johnstone, Henr+ .ebb 5napp, %arwell Oler, .esle+ Mardon *orter, 0 lbert 'dw n 111 *utnam, Howard *helps &oberts, Charles Holmes Jr3 Shepard, "onald Carr n/ton Stewart, "onald O/den Tener, 5 nle+ John T /he, (aurence 0ot4 an <on Holt, Herman <ademar .alker, Charles &umford 1=?> )dams, (ew s 0reenleaf "a# son, Harr+ *omero+ Jr3 Hadden, Br ton Heffelf n/er, %rank *ea#e+ H ncks, John Morr s Hobson, %ranc s Tha+er 1n/alls, "a# d S nton (uce, Henr+ &ob nson McHenr+, James *atterson, Morehead Safford, Theodore (ee Sar/ent, Joseph .e r Schermerhorn, )lfred Coster <an Sl+ck, "e%orest . nter, "an el &obb ns 1=?2 )llen, Henr+ 'l sha )ppel, 0eor/e %reder ck Baer Bla r, 'dw n %oster " ller, John Cabot 'w n/, Sherman Ha nes, Thomas %reder ck "3 Heffelf n/er, 0eor/e .r /ht *3 H lles, Charles "ewe+ Jr3 Hou/hton, .alter 'dwards (usk, . ll am Thompson Mallor+, . ll am !eel+ McCallum, &e#ell Melton, . ll am "a# s Jr3 Spofford, Charles Mer# lle Thomson, Cl fton Samuel 1=?8 Bartholomew, "ana Treat Ber/er, 0eor/e Bart Jr3 B n/ham, Charles T ffan+ % shw ck, "w /ht Brown 0r //s, Herbert Stanton Jr3 Ha /ht, 0eor/e . nthrop 1#es, Chaunce+ Bradle+ (apham, &a+mond .h te Mallor+, Barton (ee Jr3 *rent ce, John &ockefeller &obertson, )rthur C3 &oss, F(ann+G (ancelot *atr ck Scott, Stewart *atterson Stewart, *eter Hellwe/e .alker, Stou/hton

1=?= )shforth, )lbert Blackhurst Cost k+an, 0ran/er 5ent Cr le, 0eor/e Jr3 "ecker, 'dmund (3 Jr3 "od/e, .ash n/ton 'dd+, Ma6on Hunter 0ar#e+, John Joseph 0 llesp e, 5enr ck Samson 0ro#e, Manasses Jacob Man# lle, H ram 'dward Jr3 Merr ll, Henr+ & ddle *a ne, &alph "elaha+e Jr3 Sm th, (lo+d H lton .ack, "amon deBlo s .ells, 0eor/e 1=33 Caldwell, Samuel Sm th Jr3 Cooke, %ranc s Judd "a# s, & chard Marden %letcher, )le6ander Charles 0arnse+, . ll am Sm th Hall, %reder ck Ba/b+ Jr3 Jones, Theodore Stephen (e#er n/, .alter Barnum ( ndle+, %rances < nton Mc0aule+, John M chael !ewton, James @u // Jr3 *arker, &obert Bo+d *arsons, Henr+ Mc1l#a ne Stebb ns, Hart (+man . lbur, John Sm th 1=39 Blake, "e6ter Barnes Brooke, %reder c H ester Jr3 Burke, Charles Cl nton 111 Cross, & chard James "raper, )rthur Jo+ % eld, John .arner 5elle+, (awrence Mor/an Mc(emore, John Br //s M les, & chard Curt s Orr ck, . ll am Horsle+ Jr3 &ob nson, John Trumbull Jr3 &unnalls, John %elch Bertram Stewart, *otter Stone, (ou s Talcott Jr3 Turner, Harold Mc(eod Jr3 1=21 Cross, . ll am &edmond Jr3 "e#or, "onald S3 Jr3 'll s, %rankl n Henr+ Jr3 Hall, 'dward Tuck Jackson, . ll am 'ldred 5 phuth, "elane+ Madden, John Beckw th * ckett, (awrence 5 mball *r ce, Charles Ba rd Jr3 Solbert, *eter Omar )bernath+ Ste#enson, Charles *orter Thomas, .alton "owdell T /he, (aurence 0ot4 an Jr3 .h te, .arren Benton Corth an, Barr+

1=3> )ll son, &obert Seaman Jr3 'll s, Harland Mont/omer+ 'll s, &a+mond .alleser 'rsk ne, )lbert "e.3, Jr3 0arnse+, .alter .ood 0reene, .aldo . ttenm+er 0w n, Samuel (awrence Hall, &obert )ndrew Janewa+, Charles )lderson (add, (ou s . ll ams Jr3 (on/streth, 0eor/e Brown (ook, %rank B+ron Musser, John M ller *almer, )rthur 'dward *r deau6, Tom 1=32 Bradford, )mor+ Howe Cunn n/ham, Hu/h Terr+ 0ordon, 0eor/e )rthur Hallett, John %olsom Hambleton, Thomas 'dward Harper, Harr+ Halsted Jr3 Holmes, John 0r er Jackson, John Herr ck 5 lcullen, John MacHale 5 mball, .alter Su/den M lls, 'dward 'ns /n Morese, John Bolt ! chols, 'dward &anne+, 0eor/e )lfred Stetson, 'u/ene . ll am Jr3 1=38 "a#enport, Bradfute .arw ck "empse+, James Howard Jr3 " lworth, Joseph & chardson "unham, (awrence B3 Jr3 'cklund, John 'dw n %o6, Joseph Carrere %rank, Cl nton '3 0ordon, 'dward Mc0u re Hessber/, )lbert 11 Schermerhorn, )mos '/mont Ste#ens, Joseph Benson Jr3 Thompson, John &3 .eed, 0eor/e Ha nes .h tman, %ranc s Sl n/luff Jr3 . lbur, & chard 'mer+ 1=2? )+cr //, . ll am )nderson 11 Bartholem+, )lan 'dmund Bell, . ll am Tompk ns Chouteau, &ene )u/uste %ord, . ll am 0ra+son, Car+ Tra#ers Halse+, &alph .etmore Jr3 Harr son, %red Harold Jessup, John Baker 5emp, %rank )le6ander 5 rchwe+, 0eor/e .ash n/ton Sm th, Howard %reeman Jr3 Sprole, %rank )rnott .alker, John Stanle+ .h te, . ll am 0ardner

1=31 )usten, "a# d 'dward "onnelle+, 0a+lord He n4, Henr+ John 11 (apham, (ew s )bbot (oeser, %reder c . ll am (+d/ate, . ll am )nthon+ Mess mer, &obert (au/hl n Jr3 *elt4, . ll am (earned &athborne, Joseph Cornel us Stewart, James &oss Sutherland, & chard Orl n Swoope, .alter Moore Tucker, (uther < ncent, %ranc s Thomas .alker, John Mercer 1=37 Bowles, John 'l ot Coll er, Samuel ,Sam- Carnes Curt n, %ranc s Cla re %uller, Stanle+ '#ert Haas, %reder ck *eter Johnson, Joseph ,Joe- Hale 5 lborne, . ll am Sk nner * llsbur+, John Sar/ent Jr3 &odd, Thomas Se+mour, Charles Jr3 Shepard, &o/er Bulkle+ Jr3 Sp t4er, (+man B3 Jr3 St llman, 0eor/e Schle+ Teerr+, Henr+ *orter Baldw n Tufts, Bowen ,Sonn+- C3 1=3= Bel n, 0aspard dD)ndelot Blanchard, Jerred 0urle+ Bund+, . ll am *utman Ch ttenden, 0eor/e Hast n/s Clucas, (owell Melcher "+ess, )rthur "elma Jr3 0 le, Clement "e6ter Ho6ton, )rch bald &3 Jr3 5ello//, . ll am .elch M ller, )ndrew Otterson M ller, Charles (ew s Jr3 M tchell, Harr+ Hartwood Shepard, (lo+d M3 Jr3 . lhelm , %reder ck . ll am Jr3 . ll ams, Burch 1=23 )cheson, "a# d Camp on Caulk ns, 0eor/e *eck "an els, John Hancock "ool ttle, "uncan Hunter "ra n, & chard "ale Heal+, Harold Harr s Jr3 Hoa/land, "onald .r /ht 5lots, )llen Trafford Jr3 ( lle+, %rank .alder Jr3 Mac(ean, John Helm M ller, "udle+ ( # n/ston Mosele+, Spencer "umaresH Stewart, Ceph Tabor, John 5a+e <o/t, Tom "3

1=3? )dams, %reder ck Baldw n Jr3 Barres, Herster "3 Bates, 'mmert .arren % tch, 0eor/e Hopper %ulton, &obert Brank 0 llesp e, Samuel Ha4ard Jr3 Hod/es, . ll am <an "3 Jr3 (aundon, Mort mer H3 Jr3 ( ndenber/, John Townsend McCrar+, John &ea/an Jr3 M lls, James *aul O/den, )lfred OD!e ll, 'u/ene 0ladstone, Jr3 Sa#a/e, Boutelle Jr3 . ll ams, Samuel 0oode 1=38 Barr, & chard James Jr3 B n/ham, Jonathan Brewster Cooke, &obert Barbour "a# s, Horace .ebber 11 0 ll, Brendan Hall, Jesse )n/ell Herse+, John & chard 5napp, John Merr ll Moore, & chard )nthon+ * llsbur+, 'dmund *3 &ank n, Bernard Courtne+ Shepard, Blake Tra n, &obert .alker, (ou s .h tehead, Mather 5 mbal 1=2> Bund+, Mc0eor/e 'r ckson, Thomas %rankl n 0lo#er, Charles Carroll 111 0ra+son, James 0ordon Holden, &euben )ndrus Howe, Harold 11 Orr ck, )ndrew "owne+ &odd, "a# d Beckw th Stack, Joseph . ll am Jr3 Ste#ens, )lbert B3 St llman, *eter 0ordon B3 Stuck+, . ll am Mc"owell Swenson, 'dward %ranc s Jr3 Thorne, *eter Br nckerhoff .atson, . ll am Berkle+ Jr3 1=22 Brown, Samuel Ta+lor 0lo#er Buckle+, James (ane 'lebash, Shehand "an el 'll s, )le6ander Jr3 %er/uson, James (ord 0oodenou/h, John Bann ster 0ra+son, . ll am Cabell Holden, John Mor/an Hoopes, Townsend .alter 5elle+, . ll am Cod+ 11 ( ndsa+, "a# d )le6ander ( ttle, Stuart .est .alker, Jeffre+ *ond .h tmore, James )llen Jr3 . tter, "ean Jr3

1=27 )llen, )rch bald John Jr3 Blake, 0 lman "orr Jr3 Conn ck, (ou s Jr3 "ale, 'dw n (+on Jr3 "a# son, 'nd cott *eabod+ 'arl+, Hobart '#ans 'lwell, %ranc s Bolton Jr3 Harman, )rcher Jr3 (+nch, &ussell < ncent Mc'lro+, Ben$am n Thomas Mc0au/he+, 0u+ 'nn s Jr3 Moorhead, . ll am S n/er Jr3 Seaman, 1r# n/ Jr3 Spauld n/, Jos ah )u/ustus Sumner, . ll am Sa+re 1=2= Bar bault, & chard *fe fer Bassett, Barton Bradle+ 11 Coff n, . ll am Sloane Jr3 "a# son, "an el *omero+ 0ood+ear, &obert M3 Holl ster, John Baker Jr3 (a#ell , )nthon+ Jr3 (e per, Joseph McCarrell 11 ( pp ncott, "a# d McCord (ord, Charles 'dw n 11 (ufk n, *eter .ende, Sr3 &a+mond, 0eor/e T3 *erk ns Sherr ll, %rankl n 0oldwa the <an " ne, <ance . ckw re, . nthrop &oss 1=73 Bulke+, Jonathan "uncan Bush, Jonathan James "onaldson, . ll am Henr+ "urham, 'dw n )3 11 'merson, Chr st+ *a+ne (ufk n, "an .ende Marshall, John B rn e Mc(ane, James *r ce Menton, John "enn s M t n/er, Joseph Berr+ !oble, (awrence Mason Jr3 !o#ko#, "a# d )rthur .alker, 0eor/e Herbert 111 .eber, John . ll am .oodsum, Harold 'dward Jr3 1=79 )ckerman, Stephen Harr+ Bowman, &alph "a# d Carlsen, &a+ )llen Clark, &ussell 1nslee Jr3 Cushman, Charles .3 "unn, 0eor/e J3 %r t4che, *eter B3 (oucks, <ernon &eece Jr3 (ou/hran, )nthon+ Hooke+ (umpk n, & chard )nthon+ Owse ch k, John *h l p *almer, ( ndle+ 0u+ 11 & tch e, .allace *arks Jr3 Somer# lle, John .heeler . ll ams, . ll am Bruce

1=27. Brown, .alter Henderson Care+, John % nne+, J3 John .arren Holmes, 0eor/e Bur/w n Hurlbut, 0ordon Buckland Jr3 Mallon, Thomas & d/wa+ ODBr en, *h ll p Jr3 Tw chell, Charles *ratt <ose, 'll ott '#ans .arren, 0eor/e :pson

1=29 )ll n/, Charles Booth Jr3 )ndrews, 'dward .3 Jr3 Boulos ,Boul arat s-, .3 M3 Bronson, "a# d Bennet Chafee, John Hubbard % nle+, John 0eor/e 0 lp n 0oedecke, . ll am Sk nner (ea#enworth, "onald (o+al Moore, James 13 ODBr en, %rank Jr3 *almer, Charles 'd/ar &ead, & chard &oll ns &ob nson, Howard C3 Jr3 Tucker, Carl Jr3 .h tehouse, Charles Sheldon 1=71 )nderson, Thomas H ll 'den, John .3 'll s, 0arr son McCl ntock !3 'll s, 0eor/e Corson Jr3 (o#e, &alph %rank (ufk n, Chaunce+ %orbush Mathews, Cra / Ma+er, Charles Theodore Mc!amara, Thomas *h l p *r ce, &a+mond 5 ssam Jr3 &e d, 'dward Sno#er 111 &oss, Thomas Bernard &ussell, & chard .arren &+an, Joseph Mather Shepard, Charles &ob nson Sm th 1=77 Br+an, (lo+d Thomas Jr3 "e%orest, Stephen 'll ott %ehr, 0erald %lor an 0ow, &obert Ha /h 0reen, Charles 0rad+ 0u dott , Hu/h 0eor/e Jr3 Hansen, &o/er )llen Hudson, %rankl n "onald Johanson, Stanle+ Morr s Math as, *h l p Hoffman 11 McCullou/h, "a# d 0aub Searles, *aul "a# d Shu/art, Thorne Mart n Steadman, & chard Cooke .alker, &a+ Carter 1=7= )dams, Stephen Bodman, . ll am Camp Connors, James Joseph 111 Cooke, John *ar ck 'rcklent4, )le6ander Ton o 'sselst+n, 'r k Canf eld Hemph ll, James T erne+ Holbrook, John Jr3 5 n/sle+, Charles Capen ( /htfoot, & chard B ssett (ord, . nston Ma+or, M chael Brook Sheff eld, James &ockwell Thorson, *eter )ndreas T+ler, Chee#er

1=28 )shle+, Thomas . ll am (udlow B /low, (uc us Horat o Jr3 Bush, 0eor/e Herbert .alker Caulk ns, John 'r# n Clark, . ll am Judk ns Connell+, . ll am James Jr3 Cook, 0eor/e 111 0r mes, "a# d Charles Jenk ns, & chard 'lwood Mack, & chard 0esrtle Mosele+, Thomas . lder *fau, 0eor/e Harold Jr3 .alker, Samuel Sloan Jr3 .ea#er, Howard Sa+re . lk e, <alleau Jr3 1=7? )ber/, "onlan < ncent Jr3 Buckle+, %er/us &e d Claude, )bram Jr3 Conn ck, )ndrew Jackson Cru kshank, *aul %essenden Jr3 ' sler, Col n Tob as % nne+, 0raham Stanle+ Ha /ht, Charles Sherman Jr3 H ncks, John . nslow 5 ttred/e, %rank "utton &oberts, 0eor/e Brooke Jr3 Sena+, 'dward Charles Spears, &obert Samuel Steadman, John Monta/ue <or+s, Mart n .est 1=78 Banks, Howard "an el Boasber/, James 'manuel, 111 "D)#an4o, (ou s )3 "empse+, )ndrew SHu re "urfee, Charles 0 bson Jr3 'sselst+n, Caldwell B3 Jr3 0a nes, M lton John 1n/alls, "a# d S nton Jr3 Jam eson, Thomas C3 Jr3 Mallo+, Terrence &eed Mc0re/or, Jack 'dw n Menton, James *aul Orr, )ndrew )le6ander Speed, James Breck nr d/e Trapha/en, *eter )braham 1=8> Ball, "a# d 0eor/e Beane, %rank 'astman Jr3 Capron, *aul 111 "om n ck, "a# d "e. tt 'rnst, %reder ck < ncent 0arnse+, . ll am Herr ck 0 e/en/ack, &obert %ranc s Jr3 Holbrook, "a# d "oubleda+ ( nd/ren, & chard Hu/o (usk, *eter )nthon+ McCarth+, Charles 'dward Meek, John Bur/ess !orthrop, &obert Sm tter Scott, 'u/ene (+tton Sm th, Bruce "onald 111

1=7> Breen, John 0erald Buckle+, . ll am %rank Jr3 "raper, . ll am Henr+ 111 %rank, < ctor Harr+ Jr3 0albra th, '#an 0r ff th 0u n4bur/, Thomas Henr+ Henn n/sen, < ctor .3 Jr3 5emp, *h l p Sperr+ (ambert, *aul Chr stopher (o#ett, S dne+ (ucke+, Charles * nckne+ Mac(e sh, . ll am H tchcock Mc(ean, &obert 111 * on4 o, " no John Shepard, "onald C3 Jr3 1=72 Benn n/hoff, Harr+ Br+ner '#ans, T l/ham Bo+d %ortunato, S3 Joseph 0 esen, )rthur &ossa, Jr3 0 fford, & chard Cammann H ers, & chard H+de 5 lrea, .alter Charles Me+er, &ussell . ll am Jr3 Morton, Thruston Ballard Jr3 *ol ch, & chard %rank *r ce, &oss 'dward &eponen, &obert 0ordon &+an, )llan )3 111 Schna tter, Spencer Jason Thornton, 'dmund Bra6ton 1=78 )llen, Charles 'dward Blue, ( nden Stanle+ Cassel, John )3 Chene+, &onald (awton Cushman, &obert 'd/ar Jr3 'mbers ts, John %rank Howe, 0ar+ .oodson More+, &obert . ll s Jr3 *ende6ter, John %owler *helan, Howard Ta+lor *ost, &ussell (ee Jr3 *reston, John (ou s Shackelford, &obert Campbell <an )ntwerp, . ll am M3 Jr3 .heeler, Thomas Beardsle+

1=81 B ssell, 0eor/e Thomas Bockrath, & chard Charles Jr3 Bowles, . ll am Carter Jr3 Clark, Thomas .h tton Co/swell, John Marshall "e!euf# lle, John *h ll p Haml n, Charles B3 ( ndsa+, "ale )lton Jr3 Mac(ean, 5enneth Jr3 *+le, M chael Johnson Seele+, 0eor/e .heeler S n/leton, Thomas Hall Stewart, James Corb .addel, 0eoffre+ Ham lton .alsh, John Joseph Jr3 1=87 )l , Mehd &a4a Beno t, Charles 'dward Jr3 Clark, 0erald Holland Clark, Stephen 'dward Cla+, T moth+ J3 Coombs, Orde Mus/ra#e Core+, )lan (+le 111 "es$ard ns, *eter 'arl %etne, *h l p Ja+ (a/ercrant4, Ben/t Ma/nus * nne+, John Mercer *ond, Jeffre+ Cra / @uarles, James *err n 111 Shattuck, John H3 %3 111 Call n/er, *eter %ran4 1=8= )rras, &obert 'dward Jr3 Bouscaren, M chael %reder c Buck, Charles Henr+ 111 Cos/ro#e, Thomas %ranc s Jr3 "emares, %rank 'dward 11 "owl n/, Br an J3 %uller, Henr+ .3 ( # n/ston, & chard H3 B3, 11 Madden, Bernard *atr ck M ller, .entworth 'arl OD(ear+, John Joseph Jr3 Schwar4man, Stephen )llen Selander, "uane )rthur Thompson, . ll am Mc13 Jr3 .oodlock, "ou/las *reston 1=93 Barasch, )lan S dne+ Bell s, Tedr c (awrence % nne+, C3 &o/er 0reen, Ben$am n *3 H /hf ll, *h l p Henr+ 111 Hue+, Mark Chr stopher 5ara/eor/e, James (ou s ( les, Co t &edfearn (onsdorf, "a# d B3 Mac"onald, Stephen Joseph Mattl n, %red .alter Mc*hee, Stephen Joseph Moore, "a# d Clement Scott, . ll am 1a n Sul4er, James Sothern

1=8? Back, Samuel Hutch ns Brandt, John Henr+ Brewster, James Henr+ 1< Brooks, Tr stam )nthon+ Burr, Charles Bentle+ 11 Ch lds, Henr+ Cla+ Ch ment , !orman < ctor Ham lton, . ll am Holland, Henr+ Thompson (e%e#re, &onald 'aton ( /on, Thomas B3 *eck, )rthur John Jr3 Sp t4, &obert .a+ne Terr+, .+ll+s 111 Cucker, Bernard Ben$am n 1=88 Bockstoce, John &oberts Bradford, T moth+ Mc%all Brown, 0eor/e Cl fford Cross, )lan .h ttemore "alb+, M chael Thomas Howard, James 'rnest 5err+, John %orbes (a dle+, %orrest "a# d *ersh n/, & chard .arren &umse+, "a# d Mac1#er S n/er, &onald (eonard Sm th, %reder ck .allace Stanberr+, . ll am Burks Jr3 Thorne, "a# d Hoadle+ <ar/ sh, Thomas 1=9> Brown, . ll am Scott Case, *h l p Benham Jr3 "own n/, 'arl S3 111 '+re, (awrence (3 %r edland, Jonathan "a# d 0reenber/, Stephen "a# d Hodes, "ou/las M chael Jackson, Terrence John M ller, Thomas Cla rborne Mor/an, &obert Mc!a r OheneE%rempon/, 5waku *eters, "an el James Scatter/ood, Thomas Be#an Thompson, Jonathan *enf eld Trower, C3 Chr stopher 1=92 )+eroff, %reder ck Charles Bar/e, & chard Mason Bell s, Jon M chael B saro, (arr+ &3 Cohen, &obert (ew s Connors, "a# d M chael " amond, *eter C3 "o+le, Thomas James Jr3 ' senber/, Bruce )lan 0on4ale4, T moteo %3 5ell+, Br an Chr stopher (ew s, 0eor/e 'manuel Murch son, Br an Cameron Spear, .esle+ John Thorne, Charles Hed/es Mc5 nstr+

1=83 )hlbrandt, &o/er S3 Jr3 Becket, *eter (o/an Boren, "a# d (+le Cla+, Jesse (or n/ %rank, Charles )u/ustus 111 0 ll, M chael 0ates 0w n, Samuel (awrence Jr3 Hew tt, Henr+ Holl s Jones, Theodore Stephen Marsh, . ll am (ee Moser, & chard 'u/ene !ordhaus, . ll am "awbne+ ODConnell, T moth+ James &ose, Jonathan Chapman &ulonEM ller, *atr ck 1=89 )feo$u, Bernard 1kecukwu )she, < ctor Henderson Bush, "erek 0eor/e %oster, "a# d John 0arnse+, .alter .3, Jr3 ( lle+, &obert Mc0re/or M ller, James .h pple M tchell, H3 Coleman Jr3 !e /he, 0eoffre+ Mark *reston, James Marshall & chards, "a# d )lan Sa6on, James M3 Snell, Bradford Cur e Sw l, &o+ )nthon+ Thompson, Stephen 'berl+ Jr3 1=91 Babst, James )nthon+ Br+an, James Ta+lor 'kfelt, & chard ," ck- Henr+ %e nerman, James < ncent %ort/an/, Jeffre+ 0al# n, M chael 0erard Hal n, Thomas M chael Hernande4, Carlos )rturo 1nman, &obert "a# es Johnson, . lbur John Jr3 5osturko, . ll am Theodore (e# n, Charles Herbert Mor/an, James .allace !o+es, 'dward Mac)rthur Taft, Thomas *r ndle 1=97 )shenfelter, )lan Thompson Bender, 5enneth )rthur Buckle+, Chr stopher Ta+lor Burke, James 'u/ene 111 'n/l sh, . ll am "esha+ Jr3 0a nes, 'dw n %rank 0reen, &udolph 5anehl, *h ll p 'dw n Mac5en4 e, 5enneth Malcolm &e /eluth, "ou/las Scott Saffen, "a# d Stru44 , Thomas )llen .ald, Stephen 0eor/e Corth an, 0re/or+ Jann / ,anon+mous-

1=82 Best, 0eoffr+ "onald Charles C r e, John )rthur Cla+, )le6ander Stephens %ranc s, Samuel Hopk ns 0 llette, Howard %rank Jr3 5am nsk+, &obert 1sadore (+nch, "enn s *atr ck McBr de, Jonathan '#ans *r ndle, Thomas Harr son *ulask , Charles )le6ander Jr3 &owe, Thomas "udle+ Jr3 Straw, &alph (+nwood <an (oan, 'u/ene . lbur, John Sm th Jr3 .olfe, Stephen 11 1=88 )ust n, &o+ (esle+ B r/e, &obert & chards Brown, Chr stopher .alworth Bush, 0eor/e .alker Cohen, 5enneth Saul Cowdr+, &e6 . ll am 'tra, "onald 0all co, 03 0re/or+ 111 0uthr e, &obert 5arle 111 5olar, Bruton .ard ,Br ttMcCallum, &obert "a# s Jr3 Saleh, Muhammad )hmed Schm dt, Thomas Schollander, "onald )rthur Thorne, Br nkle+ St mson 1=9? Can/elos , &ussell Joseph Clark, "ou/las .ells Csar, M chael %3 '#ans, *eter Seel+e % sher Scott B3 (ew s, Mark Sanders (ut4, 5arl '#an Mac"onald, & chard J3 11 Mc(aren, M chael 0lenn Mo+er, "ou/las & chard & tterbush, Stephen 0ro#er Jr3 Sauber, & chard )lan .alden, &obert Stewart . lson, Cebulon <ance C e/ler, Stan .arren 1=98 Blattner, &obert . ll am Brubaker, John 5 m Capo44alo, "ou/las "an el Casscells, Chr stopher "+son Ch lds, Starl n/ . nston "a# es, *h l p Turner %ort, "onald 5enneth 0ates, 'dward &a+mond 0 bson, & chard Chann n/ Jr3 Hart, "enn s Charles (e#erett, M les .atson Mehta, )r$a+ S n/h Mor/enstern, Marc Ja me Oler, Clark 5 mberl+ Jr3 . ll ams, "arr+l (3

1=99 Blakel+, Mar# n Brubaker, James &obert Cooper, Carnell %reder cks, Joel & chard 0oldber/, & chard Jul us 0ra+son, . ll am Cabell Jr3 5ee, Chr stopher )ndrew (alle+, *atr ck . ll am (awler, @uent n John !ewman, Thomas Mont/omer+ *err+, "a# d Bulke+ & mar, Stephen 111 Schles n/er, "an el )dam Scott, (arr+ 0lenn Tom, Chan Bruce 111 1=81 Bullock, Stanton B3 Campbell, 5 mberl+ C3 Carlsson, Mats 'r k Choa, Chr stopher James Conwa+, Joseph (eo Jr3 0rand ne, Thomas )llan !o#osel, "a# d 0erard OD5eefe, &e/ s James *eters, 5enneth 0raham *eterson, *aul Cl fford &ussell, & chard 0eor/e Sta#en, 5arl 'r c Stratton, "an el James T n/e+, "ou/las Stuart Tro+, )le6ander 1=87 Boasber/, James 'manuel Carl n, . ll am John Carr Jr3 Chandrasekhar, )shok Ja %rankel, Scott "a# d 0rossman, Ja+ )lan 5wok, .e ETa ( nd+, *eter Barnes M sner, T moth+ Charles Mnu Ch n Ste#en Terner *etela, James 0erard *owers, & chard Hart Smock, Mor/an &obert Taft, Horace "utton Thomson, 0re/or+ )llan .alsh, 5e# n Sanche4 1=8= )/ha, Soha l )l cea, !oel )shb+, )rlan Marcus Ca ne Cer#ep s, Todd Chr stopher Cornwell, M chael James % sher, .h tne+ Charles 0 amatt , *aul 'dwards <alent ne Haas, James )ndrew 5orn, "an el (awerence, 0lo#er Harold OIBr en, 'dward Orestes *uchtler, Joel Scob e &+an, M chael "a# d .alsh, M chael %ranc s . ll ams, "err ck Maur ce

1=98 )lbr tton, *aul Berem Baran, Mark &3 Bass , 5e th )lan Clark, J3 Bruce 0 le, (awrence Maclester Holmes, *eter Samuel Hook, !oble 5arp, B3 C3 Mar nell , "a# d (eonard Owens, Samuel (3 * el, 0eoffre+ "3 & 44o, &obert John &o+, John Marcus Sull #an, Charles S3 Turner, 'l# n (3 1=8? Bass, James 'dward Breslau, Jonathan Campbell, 0a# n 'll ott "e#l n, M chael . ll am (eone, %reder ck )nthon Mc)fee, . ll am )ndrew Me+ers, Br+an % tch Murch son, &obert .3 &achl n, "a# d 1sa ah &e d, Jasper Sal4man, Mark Joseph Sant a/o, 'dd e Towers, Jonathan "a# d .r /ht, . ll am Henr+ 11 ;an/, James T n/E;eh 1=88 Boasber/, Thomas )le6ander Bud ll, 'dward Mc&ae Ch ttenden, John S sson Crott+, Sean *atr ck "od/e, . ll am S ckels 0otthe m, Joshua Chess Ha#as, Steffan Tha+er H ll ard, Jeffre+ 5l ne, "a# d %rankl n Me+er, Tor+ )ust n @uam na, )l#an < ncent 0eor/e &ee#es, . ll am Hunt n/ton Sch ll n/er, 'dward )le6ander Stron/, Thomas Joseph .alton, &e/ nald 5e th 1==> )brams, (awrence "ew+att ) bel, Matthew Ben$am n )llara, . ll s Chapman )rndt, . ll s Chapman, Jr3 Cohen, )ndrew Ja+ % /ueroa, & chard 0a$dusek, 5arl (awrence Ha$nal, Coltan (lo+d ( u, 'r c *3 M lbank, "ana T moth+ !ondorf, James 0re/or+ &obert * ke, Stephen (an/don &eed, Mark )rmstead Sellars, &e/ nald Br+ant .erthe m, John < ncent

1=9= Brown, &obert !elson 'do4 en, )nthon+ O3 %ore, John )rthur Holmboe, Jeffre+ )rthur (orenson, "a# d Harold Mc!all+, 'dward '3 Moses, Jack Thomas !ondorf, 5urt "3 ODBr en, "onald *atr ck *eters, 'r c Brooks Skro#an, Stephen Thomas Ste#enson, Charles *3 .esterf eld, & chard H3 . lson, "an el & chard ;ent, James B3 Jr3 1=83 )brams, *eter Mark Brooks, *eter Mood+ Burkus, 0re/or+ James Cer#er s, M chael 'rnest %rankl n, & chard "a# d 0ale, %reder ck Scott 5afo/l s, Chr st an ! cholas 5aushal, Shalesh Montesano, M chael John 111 ! chols, . ll am )llen !oel, Chr stopher * nela, Carlos Sharp, Jonathan "ou/las Sheff eld, John <an (oon .a/ner, < ctor 'dmond 1=89 Cheeks, 0eor/e )rthur "udle+, )ndrew Jenk ns 'w n/, " no Bartlett 0uettel, )dam )rthur Jeffr es, Chr stopher .arden 5eck, "a# d )lderson (o#e+$o+, John Cooper M llard, Hu/h Moscoso, & cardo !/u+en, ( nh Cuu Shap ro, M chael "a# d S+l#a n, John Stan slaus Henr+, 11 .heeler, 5enneth 'dward . shn e, M chael Joel ;oder, *aul Just n 1==1 )lston, Jonathan )dr el Battle, Marell 'ston Campbell, Cec l "ean Clarke "ele#ett, *eter Chr st an, 11 'step, Br+on Stearns 0oolsbee, )ustan "ean Johnson, Terrell 0ordon Jones, Ben$am n S ll man 5ea#ene+, 5e# n M chael *asso$a, 'r k )llen Schw mmer, "a# d )dam Stracks, John Ste#en <asHue4, . lfredo .ebster, "ou/las Cl fford .orth, John Harold

1=8> )ust n, Samuel Monroe Ch bundu, Ma6well O3 "a#enport, 0eor/e (eo#+ "e<ore, Mark Samuel " lworth, 0eor/e Tob+ %lem n/, )ndrew T3 Hatem, John J3 5a/an, &obert . ll am (awrence, 0ar+ Mart n Mulhern, "an el 5e# n A0ranholmB *eters, 'll ot &emsen Ste#ens, 'r c 'u/ene Te /, Joseph Ben$am n Tumpane, T moth+ M chael C /erell , (awrence John 1=82 )ndr e, *aul James Co// ns, "an el Seton Crawle+, Br an Scott "a# son, Henr+ *omero+ 0ra#es, 'arl 0 lbert Jr3 Henston, "ou/las &obert Hersko# ts, "a# d !athan el Jun/, M chael "a# d 5ahle, Jeffre+ (ew s (ampert, 'dward Scott ( tt, "a# d 0eoffre+ Sk bell, Ste#en )lan :rHu $o, Con4alo .e nste n, )dam . seman, "a# d Batshaw 1=88 ,!OT )<)1()B('-

1==? )bdul, Makunda Bernste n, "an el Jerem+ "a# s, Marco )nton o 'nr Hue Castaneda 0 tchell, Joseph 0raham 0ra+, "a# d 'dman 5 rchman, "ana 5our , Chr stopher Henr+ OIBuachalla, C aran *adra / &oma n, )le6 Sharke+, Cather ne Mo ra So, ( ll+ ;an/ Stanle+, 'l 4abeth )h+l+n Stra n, Chr st an &a+mond ,anon+mous-

1==3 Boren, Carr e Chr st ne Cola# to, *eter ! cholas 0on4ales, Oscar &e+naldo (ehman, )nn (ou se !/o, 5aren 5aE5e *ark, Chan *eters, 0re/or+ 5ent * hl, T na &othman, )dam &uff, Ta+na &enee Sheronas, "a# d )nthon+ Sk dmore, &obert & le+ Ta+lor, Cam lla Bronwen < sh o, '#a *atr ce .h+te, *aul )ndrew 1==9 )rputhasam+, *aula "as, Sarba 'strada, %ranc sco Ja# er %arhad an, Tal %ar mah Johnston, M chael Chr stopher Co6 5le n, Jonathan )dam Ob oha, !kech n+ere (o#ena *ark, H+un &eeder, 0ar+ (ac+, 11 Sel4er, &obert Jackson Shakman, Matthew Joseph S ms, *atr ck James Sweet, "a# d Mc1nt+re .hale+, "arc+ )nne ;oon, Jane ?>>1 )mae4, "an el Barret, )nn e &achel Boone, (ou#on a Ca#aco, 1sa ah "uncan, Mark Mac5en4 e 0ahan, 5 mberl+ )nn Harr s, Melan e Maserat , Sarah )nne Ma44a, *eter !am, Ste#e Taek *opper, (auren Jane *roper, Scott Bradle+ &e+es, *atr ck Sand+, )kobe Slade, "a# d ?>>7 Carr, &ob Croff+, )ll+ %a rbanks, '#e %a#ors, Jeohn 0r mm, "an Morales, "erek !/, "erek Schemmer, 5athar ne Shamas, &a$a Shanor, " ck+ Sm th, 5 rb+ Sokolow, 'leanor Tan/, )aron ,anon+mous,anon+mous-

1==2 Bre+er, !ell Ber+l Clark, *h l p 0 lhool, ! cholas 5ane 0rennan, 5ate Hess, M /non *a/e (ee, S mon Craddock (eonhardt, "a# d &ene ( eberman, )aron Oscar (ew s Mart nson, Haldan *err+, 1man ! a Ch ara &ocha, )l na Merceds AMenocalB Saunders, John 5enneth S n/le+, MIBal a 5af .arn ck, )n/ela (ee .aterman, Shana Chr st e 1==8 Ba n, &e/ na Choo, M chael ;oun/$un %e /elson, Joshua Me r %romm, Blanca Mon ca !ele 0ast c, Blue ,B ll e0 lbert, (aura 'la ne Hersko# ts, )dr anna Cara Hunterton, 0aber el Sar/ent Hoo, &obert 0eor/e 5nable, M les )ndrew 5ronman, Matthew *attersom M n, HaeE.on *an, Chr stopher . lson, 1sa ah, 11 . ll ams, (orele ?>>? )ust n, Scott )lan Ba r, Ca tl n Baner$ee, B d sha Ba44le, John Bradle+ 0au/hen, *atr ck &obert 0oldsm th, . ll am " 6on Herlw /, *a /e (+nn Hudson, Jared McCabe 1m, Ja sohn J m ne4, Carlos Mont/omer+, 5en ta Trenae Monto+a, Maceo *enna, T moth+ & ck *reme$ee, Sharmeen Mal k &u 4, Sara 'l 4abeth ?>>8 )ust n, *a /e Babha, Sat+a "alb+, Owen "+ches, Brandon 'dsa l, Carol ne %e , Jess ca %rer cks, )nson Hopk ns, )3 J3 ( ebenluft, Jacob Mehta, !a4neen *han, "on &a4a, 0ul Sarnell , Cr ssar s Shamas, " ala Thomas, )ndre

1==7 "acosta, M chelle Marc a 'merson, 0eoffre+ 0u+ 0runste n, ;oa# Hada+ a, Jenn fer Mar e Joo, Son+a ;unee Mart n, "onald .ash n/ton Mart ne4, 'nr Hue Mell sh, "an el Joseph !elson, 'm l+ *han, )nh !/oc *oole, ;usef & #era, ) mee &osenbaum, Jud th Sh ffman, "an el Thomas .a/ner, Janna Mar e 1=== )bbot, %rances &e+burn ,%rank e)uh, 'u/ene Benton, Scott & chard ' senstadt, (eora %3 %alcon, )n/el (u s, Jr3 %romm, Jul ette 'r ca 0on4ale4E)ltam rano, Jul o (ee, 'arl )ndrew McBr de, .ebster "ean Medard, . lodene )nastas aEMar e Murph+, Ma +a Jane *et t, Charles J3 &aborar, %arrah )nn &ash d, Tauheedah Scott, Shannon ?>>3 )rch bon/, 1me Cobbett, )shle+ %e ns, 'r c 5ell+, '3 B3 (an/e, Jason !orr s, 0raham *earce, James Schraufna/el, B ll+ ,anon+mous,anon+mous,anon+mous,anon+mous,anon+mous,anon+mous,anon+mous?>>9 ,!OT )<)1()B('-

1==8 Crane, Mon ca 5 m %lores, 1srael 0uckenber/er, < r/ n a .alker Hahn, )lbert San/h+up Jackson, 5wame )ddae 5r shnamurth+, *reeth Mal#estutto, Carlos " e/o Ma4urk ew c4, Ton+ !orton, !ad$wa 'ffat (a la Oda, Jonathan %ranc s Tadash Okpokwas l , Okwuchukwu )ddan a Oppenhe mer, Mark 'dward * persbur/h, "en se Joan Ta+lor, Cl nton .atson .e ntraub, &ebecca (+nn ?>>> )nderson, "ar/ e Berrele4, Manuel Blake, Ben$am n Bor/hese, (uca Charles, )nana "en t, 5ell+ He kk la, Jenn fer H rwa+, Hr sh kesh Hon/o, )ndrew Johnson, )+anna 5 rowsk , John (ester, Sara M 4rah , Cel ne &enan, "aphna .alker, Chr stopher ?>>2 )lm+, Chad )shraf, Sume++a Burke, James Meln ker, Soph e So, *err+ < tell , *aul ,anon+mous,anon+mous,anon+mous,anon+mous,anon+mous,anon+mous,anon+mous,anon+mous,anon+mous?>>8 ,!OT )<)1()B('-

SourceJ Americas Secret Establishment b+ )nton+ C3 Sutton, ?>>? &epr nt 'd t on b+ Tr ne "a+ and 5r s M lle/anDs Skull K Bones webs te AhttpJLLwww3ctrl3or/Lboodlebo+sB3 !oteJ Spell n/ correct ons ha#e been made3