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Contents Reading and Use of

Reading and Use of English Paper English Paper (I hour


Part 1
Part 2
page 200
page 200
15 minutes)
Pa rt 3 page 201 Part I (Multiple-choice doze)
Part 4 page 201 What is being tested?
Part 5 page 202
Part 1 tests your awareness of vocabulary, including words
Part 6 page 202 with similar meanings. It also tests some grammatical
Part 7 page 203 features, e.g. phrasal verbs and fixed phrases.

Writing Paper What do you have to do?


Part 1 page 203 Read a text with eight missing words.
Part 2 page 203 Choose the correct word or phrase from each set of four
options.
see also Writing reference on pages 179-199
Mark the correct letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet.
Listening Paper Strategy
Part 1 page 204
1 Read the title and the text quickly to get a general idea of
Part 2 page 204 what it is about, wi thout trying to fill any of the gaps.
Part 3 page 205 2 Read the text aga in. Stop at each gap and try to predict
Part 4 page 205 what the missing word or phrase might be.
3 Look at the options for each gap carefully. Try putting
Speaking Paper each of the options in the gap to see which one fits best.
Part 1 page 206 4 Check the words on either side of the gap to see if the
Part 2 page 206 option you have chosen goes with these.
Part 3 page 207 S Read the whole text again to make sure the options you
Part 4 page 207 have chosen make sense. Do not leave a blank; if you are
not sure, choose the one which seems most likely.
6 Transfer your answers to the answer sheet.

200 Exam focus


Part 2 (Open doze) Strategy
What is being tested? 1 Read the title and the text quickly to get a general idea of
what it is about.
In Part 2, the focus is on grammar and the missing words
2 Read the text again. This t ime stop at .each gap. Think
wi ll be grammatical words like auxiliary verbs, articles,
about whether the missing word is positive or negative,
prepositions, pronouns, phrasal verbs, etc. Again, there is
plural or singu lar, a noun, verb, adjective or adverb. Use
also a lexical element.
the words before and after each gap to help you decide.
What do you have to do? 3 Write the correct form of the word in the gap.
Read the text with eight missing words. 4 Read the text aga in to make sure your answers make
Put one word in each of the eight gaps. sense and the words are spelt correctly.

Write the the correct word for each gap clearly on your S Transfer your answers to the answer sheet.
answer sheet.

Strategy
Part 4 (Key word
1 Read the title and text quickly to get a general idea of
transformations)
what it is about, without trying to fill any of th e gaps. What is being tested?
2 Think about what kind of word is missing, e.g. Part 4 tests a range of grammatical structures as well as
preposition, article, pronoun, etc. vocabu lary, and shows examiners that you can express
3 Write in the missing words in pencil. Only write one word yourself in different ways.
in each gap.
What do you have to do?
4 When you have finished , read through the whole text
again. Check it makes sense, and check the spelling. Complete six sentences using two to five words,
incl uding a key word which is provided. Your completed
S Transfer your answers to the answer sheet.
sentence must have a similar meaning to t he lead-in
sentence. You will usually have to change two things.
Part 3 (Word formation) Write your answers on the answer sheet.
What is being tested? Strategy
Part 3 focuses on both vocabulary and grammar and tests
Read the first sentence and the key word. Work out what
your knowledge of how words are formed using prefixes
is being tested, e.g. you may need a passive form in the
and suffixes, etc. You'll have to understand what kind of
future.
word is required in each gap (e.g. noun, adjective, adverb),
and be able to form it. 2 Identify what is m issing from the second sentence.
3 Think about what kind of words need to be used w ith the
What do you have to do? key word.
Read a pa ragraph with eight gaps. 4 Write down the missing words. Do not change the key
Use the word in capital letters at the end of each line with words in any way.
a gap to form a word which fits each gap. S Make sure you have not written more t han five words
Write your answers on your answer sheet. (contractions, e.g. don't, count as two words) and that you
have not changed the meaning at al l.
6 Check your spelling and that the sentences make sense.
7 Transfer your answers to your answer sheet.

Exam foc us 201


Part 5 (Multiple choice) Part 6 (Gapped text)
What is being tested? What is being tested?
Part 5 focuses on your ability to understand a text in detail. In Part 6, you will be tested on your understanding of how a
Questions will focus on different things such as the main text is structured.
idea of a text, specific detai ls in a text, the writer's opinion,
attitude or purpose, your abi lity to understand the meaning
What do you have to do?
of words or phrases from the context, and to follow features Read t hrough the text, from which six sentences have
of text organisation such as examples and references. been removed .

What do you have to do? Read the seven sentences (there is an extra one which
doesn't fit anywhere) and decide which sentence best fits
Read the text and answer six questions. Each question each gap.
has four possible answers (A, B, C or D) and the questions
Mark yo ur answers on your answer sheet
fo llow t he order of the text
Choose the correct option for each question, based on Strategy
t he information in the text , Read t he tit le and sub-h eading to get an idea about the
Mark the correct letter A, B, C or D for each answer on topic of the text
your answer sheet 2 Read the ma in text carefully to make sure you understand
Strategy what it is about
3 Read the section before and after each gap and pred ict
1 Read the instructions, title and sub-heading of the text
wha t information is missing from each gap.
2 Skim the text to get a genera l Idea of what it is about
4 Underline any nouns, pronouns, linkers ete which w ill
3 Read each question and highlight the key words (don't help yo u to find a link.
worry about the four options yet).
S Read the seven sentences and look for clues that
4 For each question, highlight the part of the text that the w ill connect them to the gaps. Look for topic words,
question relates to. synonyms and reference words.
S Read the text again carefully. When you find a part of the 6 If you are not sure about what goes in a gap, go on to the
text you have highlighted, look at the question and the next question and return to it later.
four options and decide on the answer. The meaning will
7 Whe n you have finished, read through the comp leted
be the same but the language will be different
text to check that it makes sense. Make sure you have
6 Check all the options again carefu ll y, crossing out ones filled in all the gaps and not used any sentences rnore
that are obviously wrong. than once.
7 Make yo ur deCISion. If you are not sure, choose the option a Try the extra sentence in each gap again to rnake sure
t hat seems most likely. that it doesn't fit anywhere.
a When yo u have completed all the questions, transfer your 9 Transfer your answers to the answer sheet
answers to the answer sheet

202 Exam focus


Part 7 (Multiple m atching) Writing Paper
What is being tested?
(I hour 20 minutes)
Part 7 focuses on your ability to search through a text (or
texts) to find specific information, and on understanding Part I (essay)
writers' opinions and attitudes.
What is being tested?
What do you have to do? Part 1 tests your abil ity to write an essay outlining and
Read four to six short texts around the same theme, or discussing Issues on a particular top iC
one longer text divided into four to six paragraphs. To
answer the questions, you will have to read quickly to
What do you have to do?
find specific information. Write an essay based on a title and notes to gu ide
Match ten questions or statements to the text o r your writing.
paragraph that it relates to. The text does not follow the Write in an appropriate style (formal or informal).
same order as the questions. Write 140-1 90 words.
Write the correct letter for each answer clearly on your
answer sheet
Strategy
See Writing reference page 179.
Strategy
1 Read the title of each text and any subheadings. Part 2 (choice of task)
2 Skim each text quickly to get an idea of what it is about.
What is being tested?
3 Read t he questions carefully and highlight key words.
The re is a choice of tasks in Part 2, and the test ing focus
4 Scan each section of the text to find the information ,n
depends on the task. You wi ll have to communicate clearly
the questions. You do not need to read in detail. Look
in a style appropriate to the task. You may also have to
for words or phrases which are similar in meaning to the
advise, compare, describe, explain, or recommend.
words or phrases in the questions.
5 Unde rli ne or highlight possible answers. Do not mark What do you have to do?
t hem on your answer sheet yet. you may find similar- Choose one task out of the three tasks you are given.
but not exactly the same - information in other sections.
Write an answer to the task using an appropriate format
6 Read the information carefully to check which one is an and style. The three options cou ld be from the following:
exact answer to the question. an article, a review, a report, a letter or ema il.
7 Leave any questions that you are not sure about; but Write 140-1 90 words.
always go back and answer them at the end as you will
not lose marks for a wrong answer. Choose the most Strategy
likely answe r.
See Writing reference page 179.
8 When you have fi nished, transfer your answers to the
answer sheet.

Exam focus 203


Listening Paper Part 2 (Sentence completion)
What is being tested?
(approx. 40 minutes)
In Part 2, the focus is on listening for detail, specific
Part I (Multiple choice: information and opinion in a longer text

short extracts) What do you have to do?


What IS being tested? Read the ten sentences with gaps about the recording.

Part 1 tests a range of listening skills. You may be asked Listen twice to a monologue which lasts about three
about the main idea, the attitude or opinion of the speakers, minutes on a particular topic.
their relationship, etc. Complete the ten sentences with a word or words from
the recording.
What do you have to do? Write your answers on your answer sheet
Listen twice to eight short extracts which last about
thirty seconds each on different topics. These may be Strategy
monologues or dialogues. Before you listen, read the sentences carefu lly. Highlight
Answer one multiple-choice question about each of the key words and think about the kind of information that's
eight extracts. missing. You have some time for this.
Write the correct letter A, B or C on your answer sheet 2 As you listen, try to complete the sentences. The
(You are given five minutes atthe end of the test to sentences are in the same order as the information on
transfer your answers from the question paper to the the recording. Write one to three words to complete each
answer sheet.) sentence. You should write the words you hear; you do
not need to change these words.
Strategy 3 If you can't complete a sentence the first time you listen,
1 Read the questions and options and highlight the key leave it blank.
words before you listen (you are given some time for this). 4 The second time you listen, complete any remaining
2 The first time you listen, mark the answer you think is best sentences and check your answers. Don't leave any of the
on your answer sheet gaps blank - you don't lose marks for a wrong answer
3 Check your answers the second time you listen and make 5 Check that your spelling and grammar (e.g. singular/
sure the options you have chosen answer the questions plural) is correct and that the sentences make sense.
correctly 6 Be careful not to make any mistakes when you copy your
4 If you aren't sure, choose the answer you think is most answers on to the answer sheet at the end of the test
likely - you don't lose marks for wrong answers.

204 Exam focus


Part 3 (Multiple matching) Part 4 (Multiple choice:
What is being tested? longer text)
In Part 3, the focus is on your ability to understand the What is being tested?
main idea. You may also have to listen for specific details,
Part 4 focuses on your ability to follow a longer text and
understand a speaker's attitude or opinion, etc.
listen for the main idea, for a speaker's attitude or opinion,
What do you have to do? or for specific information.

Listen twice to five short monologues which last about What do you have to do?
thirty seconds each on a related topic.
Listen twice to an interview or a conversation which lasts
Matc h one of eight options to each monologue. There about three minutes a topic.
are three extra options which do not match any of the
Answer seven multiple-choice questions.
monologues.
Write the correct letter A, B or C for each answer on your
Write the correct letter A-H for each answer on your
answer sheet
answer sheet

Strategy Strategy
Before you listen, read the introduction to the task to get
Read the rub ric carefully. This tells you w hat topic the
information about who the speakers are and what they
speakers will talk about
will talk about
2 Read each option. Highlight key words/phrases and think
2 Read the questions and options and highlight key words/
of synonyms/paraphrases for these words.
phrases. Think about the kind of information you need to
3 The first time you listen, try to identify the main idea of listen for.
what the speaker is talking about, and mark the option
3 Listen for paraphrases of the words and phrases on the
which yo u think matches most closely.
recording and choose one of the options A, Bore If you
4 During the second listeni ng, check that the options are not sure of an answer, continue answering the other
match exactly what the speaker says. Don't choose questions and come back to it in the second listening.
an option just because it contains a word from the
4 During the second listening, check the options you have
monologue.
chosen. If you aren't sure, choose the one that seems
most likely.

Exam focus 205



Speaking Paper Part 2 (Individual long turn)
What is being tested?
(approx. 14 minutes)
In Part 2, the focus is on your ability to organise your ideas
Part I (Interview) and express yourself clearly. You will have to compare,
describe and express your opinions.
What is being tested?
What do you have to do?
Part 1 focuses on your general interaction and on social
language skills. The examiner gives you two photographs on the same
topic.
What do you have to do?
Listen to the examiner explaining the task, which is also
The examiner will ask you and the other candidate for printed on the page with th e photographs.
some personal information. The task has two parts; first you compare the photos,
You will be asked different questions about things such then you give a personal reaction to them. You have
as where you live, your family, what you do in your spare one minute.
time, your work/studies, future plans. You then listen to the other ca ndidate speaking, and look
This will take around two minutes. at their photos.
Strategy When they have finished, you will be asked to give a
short 30-second answer to a question related to the
1 Speak clearly. Try to relax and speak confidently. topic
2 Try to sound interested and interesting. Try not to speak
in a monotone. Strategy
3 If you don't know a word, say it in another way. Don't Listen carefully to the instructions. It's important that
leave long pauses. you understand exactly what you need to talk about. Ask
4 Listen carefully both to the examiner and to your partner. the examiner to repeat the instructions if necessary but
remember that the question is also written above the
5 If you don't understand the question, ask for it to photographs.
be repeated.
2 Summarise the main similarity and any differences
6 Give relevant, personal answers. Avoid giving one-word between the two photos. Talk about the general ideas
answers, but don't speak for too long. and don't be tempted just to describe the photos or go
'off topic'.
3 You may need to speculate about the photos if you are
not sure what they show.
4 Make sure you save enough time to do the second part
of the task, in which you give your opinion on something.
5 Keep talking for the whole minute. Use paraphrases and
'fillers' if necessary. The examiner wil l say 'thank you' when
the minute is fin ished.
6 Listen carefully while the other candidate is speaking.
Look at their photos, but don't interrupt. When the
examiner asks you a question related to the photos, give
a short answer (about 30 seconds).

206 Exa m focu s


Part 3 (Collaborative task) Part 4 (Discussion)
What is being tested? What is being tested?
In Part 3, you'll be tested on your range of language and Part 4 focuses on your ability to discuss issues in more
your ability to interact with another person. You'll be depth by giving and justifying opinions, agreeing and
expected to exchange and discuss ideas and opinions, and disagreeing, ere.
invite and respond to your partner's contributions.
What do you have to do?
What do you have to do? In this part, the examiner asks you both questions which
In this part of the test, you work with a partner to discuss develop the topic in Part 3 and may lead to a more
something togeth er. general discussion.
The examiner gives you written instructions and prompts You may add to what your partner has said or agree!
to look at. disagree with their ideas.
The task has two parts. The first part will usually involve The discussion will last for around four minutes.
talking about each of the prompts in turn. The second
part may involve solving a problem, making a decision,
Strategy
choosing the two most important factors, ete. 1 If you don't understand the question, ask the examiner
Discuss the task with a partner for about two minutes. to repeat it.
You are then given a minute to reach a decision, although 2 Give opinions and express your feelings about issues.
you do not have to agree. Give reasons or examples.
Strategy 3 Listen to what your partner says and ask them questions
or give follow-up comments.
1 Read and listen carefully to the instructions. Ask for
4 Use a wide range of language, but don't dominate the
clarification if you do not understand.
discussion.
2 In the fi rst part of the task you should discuss each of the
prompts in some detail (but don't spend too long on any
one prompt - you only have two minutes to do this).
3 One of you should start the discussion. Then take turns to
give your opinions, agree, disagree, ete. You are tested on
the language you use to work together.
4 Turn-taking skills are important. Avoid dominating the
discussion or interrupting rudely. It is important to
involve and encourage your partner and follow up on
what they say.
5 Explain thi ngs in a different way if you can't think of a
word or phrase and don't leave long pauses. Use words
such as right or OK to 'fill the gaps~
6 Try to use a range of functional language, such as asking
for and reacti ng to opinions, agreeing and disagreeing,
suggesting, speculating, opening and summarising the
discussion.
7 You will be given a minute to reach a decision. You don't
have to agree.

Exam focus 207