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1 Register no: Class: y ;·.;'fiJ'tDXl NGEE ANN SECONDARY SCHOOL • :'~ Building CharacterH H»
1
Register no:
Class:
y
;·.;'fiJ'tDXl
NGEE ANN SECONDARY SCHOOL
:'~
Building CharacterH H» H »Expanding Minds» »H »HShaping Uves
~.~
.
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Mid-Year Examination 2008
, 'Secondary Four:'E~pres~
, m Secondary School Ngee Ann Secondary School Ngee Ann Secondary School Ngee Ann Secondary School
"J Secondary School Ngee Ann Secondary School Ngee Ann Secondary Sc.hool Ngee Ann Secondary School
• < ';;) Secondary School Ngee Ann SecondarySchool Ngee Ann Secondary School Ngee Ann Secondary School
.J<' ,,'.fill Secondary School Ngee Ann Secondary School Ngee Ann Secondary School Ngee Ann Secondary School
, -7I'.:C, Ann Secondary School Ngee Ann Secondary School Ngee Ann Secondary School Ngee Ann Secondary School
Pure Physics
5058
";.H:~2;day
Duration:
2008
2h
:-;llal Materials
\oVrite your name, register number and class at the top of this page.
~.
This paper consists of 3 sections:
Section A
Section B
Section C
Multiple Choice Questions [30m]
Answer an questions. Shade your answers on the OAS provided.
Structured Questions [SOm]
Answer all questions in the spaces provided.
Free Response Questions [20m]
Answer both questions. The last question has a choice of parts to
a.nswer.
After checking of answer scripts
Checked by
Signature,
Date
Student
NOT TURN' THIS PAGE OVER UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.
This question paper consists of 23 pages (including this cover page)
""
.
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2 Section A Answer all questions. Shade your answers on the OAS provided. 1 A
2
Section A
Answer all questions. Shade your answers on the OAS provided.
1 A pendulum bob oscillates between extreme positions A and B. If it takes 2.5
seconds to move from A to B, the frequency of oscillation is
C
2.5
0.2 Hz.
B
. 0.4 Hz.
Hz.
A
o
5.0 Hz.
2 Street lights are positioned at equal distances along the side of a road.
1
2
3
4
5
r-
b
I
I
I
r
I
I
~
~:
!
~
A car accelerates until it is level with Jight 4. The car then continues along the road at
a steady speed. The times to travel between the lights are measured.
Which time is the shortest?
A
light 1 to light 2
Blight 2 to light 3
C
tight 3 to light 4
o
light 4 to light 5
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3 mass of 1 kg is suspended from the roof of a lift as shown
3
mass of 1 kg is suspended from the roof of a lift as shown on a spring balance. If
2
-i-Ie lift is accelerating upwards with a constant acceleration of 1 mls . what will the
':'?pring balance read? J9 =10 N/kg]
A
1N
B
9N
C
10 N
o
11 N
,Vhich property of a body is affected by a change in gravitational field?
mass
B
weight
C
volume
A
D
temperature
Nhat causes a moving body to resist a change in its state of motion?
A its acceleration
a its inertia
II""
its speed
\"
D
its weight
~.
~n the situation below the beam remains horizontal.
5m
5m
'~~--":---~---l~~I(I-------':""';---':""';-••-'iI-'
1m
~
I
I
t
4N
X
VVhat is the value of X?
A
1 N
B
2N
C
3N
D
10 N
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4 7 A rock of mass 30 kg is travemng in space at a speed
4
7
A rock of mass 30 kg is travemng in space at a speed of 6 mls.
What is its kinetic energy?
A
5J
B
180J
C
540J
o
1080 J
8 ,
A rectangular block of dimension 20 em by- 30 em and 40 cm rests on the
Given that the block has a density of 5 gcm-3. what is the highest pressure the block
',can,exert on the floor? (g =10 Nlkg)
floor~
A
1200 Pa
B
10000 Pa
C'
20 000 Pa
o
40000 Pa
9
The sensitivity of a thermometer will determine
A
if the thermometer can measure a small change in temperature.
B
if the thermometer can measure a wide range of temperature.
C
how accurate the thermometer measures the temperature.
o
how fast the thermometer measures the temperature.
10
A student observes the Br~wnian motion of smoke particles in air through a low-
powered m'icroscope. What does the student see?
A
air molecules moving in a random manner
B
air molecules colliding with each other
C
smoke partiCles moving in a random manner
o
smoke particles colliding with each other
11
For infra-red radiation, shiny suriaces are
A
poor absorbers but good emitters.
B
poor absorbers and poor emitters.
C
good absorbers but poor emitters.
o
good absorbers and good emitters.
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5 c::\ solid substance is placed in a boiling tube and heated steadily. The temperature-
5
c::\ solid substance is placed in a boiling tube and heated steadily. The temperature-
rJme graph of the substance is as shown below. At which labelled point would the
substance be a liquid?
D
.
./
'"
,/
C "
.~
B
/
~'
~itlle
j:3
A piece of iron undergoes 3 different processes involving energy change:
P: It is heated from 15°C to 30 °C.
Q: It is lifted vertically through a height of 2 m.
R: Jt is brought to rest while travelling at 10 ms· 1 •
Given that the specific heat capacity of iron == 460 J kg- 1 °C- 1 and 9 10 ms- 2 , the
processes arranged in increasing order of energy change is
A
PQR.
B
QPR.
C
QRP.
D
PRO.
i\n object is placed in front of a plana mirror as shown. Which point represents the
position of the image?
-object
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6 15 A ray of light travels from air to glass as shown below. Given
6
15 A ray of light travels from air to glass as shown below. Given that the refractive index
of air is 1.0 and the refractive index of glass is 1.5, what is the angle of refraction?
normal
40.0°
16 Which of the following angles is the critical angle of the glass block?
A
B
~
X9
.
0
}
t
.
'
"
C
0
17 In the transverse wave below. P is moving down at a particular moment. At the same
time. Q is
p
Q
A
moving up.
B
moving left.
·c
moving right.
0
moving down.
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1 'Nhen water wave flows from shallow water into deep water, how do the frequency,
1
'Nhen water wave flows from shallow water into deep water, how do the frequency,
Naverength and speed change?
frequency
wavelength
speed
A
no change
increases
increases
B
no
change
no change
decreases
C
no change
decreases
decreases
0
increases
no change
increases
"l9
Which type of electromagnetic radiation travels at the highest speed through a
vacuum?
A
gamma rays
B
light waves '
C
radio waves
D
none - aU have the same speed
'Nhich of the following has the longest wavelength?
A
orange light
,B
gamf!1a rays
C
blue light-
0
X-rays
The diagrams represent sound waves displayed on an oscilloscope.
Which diagram represents the quietest sound with the highest pitch?
c
A
B
o
What is the approximate range of audible frequency for a young healthy person?
A
1 Hz to 20Hz
B
20 Hz to 20 kHz
C
20 kHz to 200 kHz
o
1000 kHz to 20 000 kHz
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8 23 A student uses echo sounding to measure the depth of a certain sea.
8
23
A student uses echo sounding to measure the depth of a certain sea. Ultrasound that
travels at 340 mls in. air is sent vertically down and the reflected signal is picked up
30
s later. It is given that sound waves trav~142 times faster in water than in aiL
The depth of the sea is
A
5.1 km
B
10.2 km
C
21.4 km
24 If a pith ,bait is repelled by a. rubber rod, what can be ,deduced ab0u.t the charges
on the pith' ball and on the rubber rod?
.
A
Only the rod is charged.
B
Only the pith ball is charged.
C
Both the rod and the pith ball are charged.
o
Either the rod or the pith ball is charged, but not both.
25 Which diagram correctly shows the electric field between two charged spheres?
It
8
)
J--
--
/
t
\
j
c
26
50
J of energy are dissipated for every 10 C of ch!3.rge passing through a resistor.
Which instrument will allow this to be measured?
A
An ammeter in parallel with the resistor
B
A'voltmeter in parallel with the resistor
C
An ammeter is series with the resistor
o
A voltmeter in series with the resistor
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9 A piece of wire 0_5 m tong has an area of cross-section of 1
9
A piece of wire 0_5 m tong has an area of cross-section of 1 mm 2 . Which piece of
Nire of the same material has twice the resistance?
length / m
areal mm 2
A
0.5
2.0
B
0.5
05
C
LO
2.0
0
1.0
0.5
28
A milliammeter shows a reading of 30 rnA.
How much electrical charge flows through the milli-arnmeter in 10 seconds?
A
O.3C
B
3.0e
C
30e
o
300e
29
A circuit is set up as shown betow_ What is the effect of closing the switch?
40
12V
ammeter reading
voltmeter reading
A
increases by 0.5 A
increases by 2 V
B
decreases by 0.5 A
decreases by 2 V
C
remains unchanged
increases by 2 V
o
increases by 0.5 A
decreases by 2 V
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10 30 In the circuit. resistors X and Y act as a potential divider used
10
30 In the circuit. resistors X and Y act as a potential divider used to control the speed of
motor.
What is the reason for the potential divider?
A
to vary the current through X
B
to vary the e.mJ. of the battery
C
to vary the potential difference across the motor
D
to vary the resistance of the. motor
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11 Section B Answer all the questions in the spaces provided. A body, moving from
11
Section B
Answer all the questions in the spaces provided.
A body, moving from rest with uniform acceleration, travels 20 m after 5.0 s along
straight level road.
{a)
(i)
State the condition for unifonn acceleration.
•.• ',~
'
~~
~
(1)
,
,
., •••••••••••
-
.'
•• _ ••• _ •••••• _ •••• L
.o ••••••••• 0 •• "' ••••••• '."
'
••• _
(ii)
Calculate the average velocity in the first 5.0 s.
average veracity =
[1]
(b)
(i)
The body continues its motion with the same acceleration. By drawing a
speed-time graph. or otherwise, calcuiate the distance moved in the
next 5.0 s.
distance move<;f =
(2)
(ii)
On the grid below. sketch the distance-time graph for the first 10 s of the
motion.
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12 2 (a) Fig. 2.1 shows a mercury barometer. vacuum mercury Fig. 2.1 mercury (i)
12
2
(a)
Fig. 2.1 shows a mercury barometer.
vacuum
mercury
Fig. 2.1
mercury
(i)
Explain how the ba'rometer can -be used to obtain the atmospheric
pressure in pascal (Pa).
:
[2]
(ii)
Explain the advantage of using mercury overwaler.
••
~
~
[1}
(b)
Fig. 2.2 shows a simple hydraulic system which consists of two syringes A
and B connected by a tube filled with an incompressible liquid. A weight of 5.0
N is placed on syringe A to lift a bigger weight W in syringe B.
Fig. 2~2
Explain the working principle of the hydraulic system.
.,
""
.,
4>
,
:
;;,.,.,
_
""
'It
,.
~
4
"'-
_•
-
-
-
[3]
.,.

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13 thermocouple attached to a milli-voltmeter reads 10.0 mV when one junction is Tlmersed in
13
thermocouple attached to a milli-voltmeter reads 10.0 mV when one junction is
Tlmersed in ice (0 °C) and the other junction in steam (100°C).
-ex)
What is the temperature of a warm Jiquid in °c if the miHi-voUmeter reads 4.8
mV with one junction in ice and the other junction in the liquid?
temperature. =
[2}
(b)
State one advantage of using a thermocouple thermometer rather than a
Uquid-in-gfass thermometer.
-- -
,
,
[1 J
(c)
Besides the property used by the thermocouple thermometer, give two
examples of physical properties that vary with temperature.
1
2
~
:
[2]
~-=ig. 4.1 (not drawn to scale) shows two tugboats towing a cruise ship to its dock.
The tension in each fow rope and tlie angres between them are shown. The mass
of the cruise ship is 2.05 x 10 6 kg. Assume that the effect of sea current is
'}egligible.
N
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14 (a) Draw a scale vector diagram to determine the resultant force and its direction
14
(a)
Draw a scale vector diagram to determine the resultant force and its direction
(give the bearing) on the cruise shjp~
-
resultant force =
direction =
- -
""""'" [4J
(b)
Calculate the acceleration of the ship under the resultant force.
:
acceteration =
[2]
5
(a)
gas at constant temperature.
State the relationship between the pressure and volume of a fixed mass of
-
{1]
(b) An air bubble at the bottom of a lake 40 m deep has a volume of 1.5 cm 3 .
What is the volume of the air bubble when it rises to the suriaceof the lake?
Assume that the atmosphere pressure is equal to the pressure due to 10m of
water.
:
:
Volume
of air bubble =
[3]
(e) Explain, in terms of kinetic theory of matter. how the air particles in a bubble
exert a pressure in the bubble.
[3]
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15 fa) Write down two differences between an infra-red wave and a sound wave of
15
fa)
Write down two differences between an infra-red wave and a sound wave of
the same wavelength.
:
:
~
~'
~
-
[2]
(b) Microwaves" travel. at, a spee9 of ;3 x 10 8 ms· 1 in a vacuum and have a
frequency of 1.5 X 10 10 H'z."
Calculate the wavelength of these microwaves. State the formula that you
use.
{2}
:
wavelength =
[2]
(b) (i) On the grid 'below. sketch a pressure-time graph to show how the air
pressure at a given point in a room varies as a sound wave of
frequency 2QO Hz. passes through that point Put a numerical scale on
the time-axis of your graph.
[2}
(ii) State how the graph would be different for a louder sound of the same
frequency_
. '"
_'
[1]
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16 7 Fig. 7.1(a) shows two light polystyrene (non-conducting) spheres, P and Q, suspended from
16
7 Fig.
7.1(a) shows
two light polystyrene
(non-conducting) spheres,
P
and
Q,
suspended from the same point by nyfon threads of equal length.
Fig. 7.1
(a)
In Fig. 7.1 (b) an acetate strip which has been charged positively by rubbing
with a woollen cloth is brought ~ear to P and Q. The spheres swing towards to
the acetate strip with slight separation. Explain.
·····
············-············
·······
·13)
(b)
When the strip is brought closer to P and at the spheres stick momentarily to
the acetate strip and then repelled as shown in Fig.' 7.1 (c). There is still a
slight separation between the spheres. Explain.
••
~
{3]
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17 8.1 shows three resistors connected to a 6.0 V battery. 1.00 6.0V 3.00 6.00
17
8.1 shows three resistors connected to a 6.0 V battery.
1.00
6.0V
3.00
6.00
Fig. 8.1
{a)
Calculate the combined resistance of the 3 resistors.
resistance =
"
[2]
(b)
Calculate the current passing through the 1.0 Q resistor.
.,
current =
{21
(c)
Calculate the current passing through the 3.0 n resistor.
·current =
[3}

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18 Section B Answer all questions in this section_ Question 10 has a choice of
18
Section B
Answer all questions in this section_
Question 10 has a choice of parts to answer.
9 The Senoko power station in Singapore contains a Combined Cycle Plant to
generate electricity. Natural gas is burnt in a combustion chamber and the hot
gases produced are used to drive' four gas turbines connected to electrical
generators.
The exhaust gases from' the' four gas turbines are passed through a Heat Re~overy
Steam Generator, which thermal energy is used to produce steam at high pressure.
Each second, 76 kg of steam is output from the Heat Recovery Steam Generator.
The steam is passed into two steam turbines which are also connected to electricaJ
generators.
The multi-stage process ensures that 46% of the total energy in the natural gas is
converted into eJectrical energy. When the Heat Recovery Steam Generator and
steam turbines are used, the total electrical output of the plant increases without
'
burning more natural 9as-
Details of the gas and steam turbines are given and a simplified diagram of the
Heat Recovery Steam Generator is shown in Fig. 9.1.
Gas Turbines
Gas input temperature
Gas output temperature
Electrical output from generator connected to each turbine
1050
0 C
555°C
131
MW
Steam Turbines
Electrical output from generator connected to each turbine
163
MW
Simplified diagram of Heat Recovery Steam Generator
metal
pipe
steam out
water in
hot gas from
gas turbine
Fig. 9.1
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19

(cl) Explain how the addition of the Heat Recovery Steam Generator and -the

steam turbines allow more electrical power to be generated without burning

more natural gas.

:--. --

--- .---

--~--'~--

--

.

--. -~.~-.-

---.: ---- .:.--'

-

~.~

-

'

------- .-----. t2J

(b)

Describe how energy is transferred from the hot gases to the water in the Heat Recovery Steam Generator.

-

--. -' .• -

-.-

-. - --

-

-

-. -

-. -

-

- -'"

-

-.-

-

{2J

{c)

Explain, using the kinetic model of matter,

 

(i) how you know that the internal energy of the gas decreases as it passes through the gas turbine,

:

[2]

(ii) why energy is needed ta produce steam from water in the Heat Recovery System Generator.

[1]

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20 (d) In this section. give aU your answers in MW and take the specific
20
(d) In this section. give aU your answers in MW and take the specific latent heat of
vaporization of water as 2.3 x 10 6 J/kg. Calculate
(i) the thermal energy required to produce the mass of steam output each
second from the Heat Recovery System Generator,
~-
MW [1]
energy per second == .* •••••••••••••••••••.••••••.••
(ii) the total electrical output from the Combined Cycle Plant comprising four
gas turbines and two steam turbines,
power =
MW [1}
(iii) the total energy input per second of natural gas into the plant.
energy per second =
MW (1)
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21 10 Answer on the lined paper at the end of the booklet EITHER (a)
21
10 Answer on the lined paper at the end of the booklet
EITHER
(a)
(i)
Define the focal length of a converging lens.
(ii)
Describe an experiment to determine the focal length of ~ converging
lens.
{31
(b) For a particular, opUeal instrument. the distance t;>etween the tens and the
screen is 30 em. By drawing a ray diagram, determine the focal length of the
lens to be used in the instrument in order to give a magnification of 6. The
height of the object is 3 em.
(4]
(e)
Optical fibres are used to carry telephone communications. light rays carrying
the telephone signals travel from one end of the optical fibres to the other.
(i)
With the help of a diagram. explain ~ow a light ray travels from one end
of an optical fibre to the other end.
.
(ii)
Write down one advantage of optical fibres over copper wires for
carrying telephone communications.
[3)
OR
{a)
State Ohm's law.
[2]
(b)
Describe. with the help of a circuit diagram, how you would obtained the
voltage-current graph of a resistor (of the order 10 .0) using a voltmeter, an
ammeter, and any other equipment you required_
Assuming that the resistance of the resistor remains constant. draw the graph
you would expect to obtain.
Explain how you would obtain the resistance of the resistor from your graph.
Suggest an error which could affect the accuracy of your result and state the
way in which the error would affect the results.
[61
(c)
By drawing the V-I graph of a filament bulb, explain how the resistance of the
butb changes with current.
[2J
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Section B Qlai The body~s speed must be increasing at the same rate every second,
Section B
Qlai
The body~s speed must be increasing at the same rate every second, and when
reflected on the velocity-time graph~ a straight ~inewith a slope is shown.
Qlaii
Q2ai
Q3 b
There are no physical limitations during the meaSuring. LIG thermometer may
run out ofrange, however, the thermocouple will definitely have a larger range
than LIG thermometers, just as long as we know the calibrating factor.
(100 Degree Celsius = Certain mV)
Q3c
1
Volume ofa Gas
2
Resistance ofmetal wires
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Ngee Ann Secondary School Mid-Year Examination 2008 Secondary 4 Express Pure Physics 5058 Se(.tion A-
Ngee Ann Secondary School
Mid-Year Examination 2008
Secondary 4 Express
Pure Physics
5058
Se(.tion A-
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120kN i60kN Louder sound would cause larger amplitude of pressure. Since its of the same
120kN
i60kN
Louder sound would cause larger amplitude of pressure. Since its of the same
frequency~there will not be any changes in the time axis.
"I ::~
The spheres are momentarily attracted to the
positively c~ged strip
Within the
balls s there is charge separatiQn whereby the negative cluirges will be on the-side
doserto the strip, with the positive charges on the opposite side. There is a slight
separation between: the balls as like charges (negative) repel.
The momentaIy contact allowed thenegative charges to cross ov~rto the strip, to
neutralize some positive charges. Whatever remains on the balls are only posi~e
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charges which will cause the balls to immediately rebound and separate from the strip and
charges which will cause the balls to immediately rebound and separate from the
strip and from each other as like charges repel
Q8a
20hm
Q9diii 1847.8MW
QIOEITHER
at
It is the distance between the focal point, F, and the optical centre, C, of the lens.
all
Firstly, focus on a far away object Using a screen, adjust its position until an
image can be properly focused. on the screen. The distance ofthe image and the
lens-will be the focal length.

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a b The gradient ofthe graph will give the resistance. Error: Leaving the circuit closed
a
b
The gradient ofthe graph will give the resistance.
Error: Leaving the circuit closed wilen not-taking experimental values will heat up
the components~ resulting in inaccurate readings taken.
c
As the current flows through the metal
filamen~ it gets hotter and s~ its resistance
increases, reducing the gradient ofthe graph
as sho'\VIl.
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