Sei sulla pagina 1di 26

ENGINEERING MECHANICS

ME 201

Younas
MS Design and Manufacturing
muhammad.younas@hitecuni.edu.pk

1/7/2017 LECTURE 14 1
ENGINEERING MECHANICS
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THERMODYNAMICS AND HEAT TRANSFER

1/7/2017 LECTURE 12 2
ENGINEERING MECHANICS
DAILY LIFE EXAMPLES

HUMAN COMFORT

1/7/2017 LECTURE 12 3
ENGINEERING MECHANICS
HEAT TRANSFER

1/7/2017 LECTURE 12 4
ENGINEERING MECHANICS
INTERNAL ENERGY

1/7/2017 LECTURE 12 5
ENGINEERING MECHANICS
HEAT TRANSFER

1/7/2017 LECTURE 12 6
ENGINEERING MECHANICS
MODES OF HEAT TRANSFER

CONDUCTION

CONVECTION

RADIATION

1/7/2017 LECTURE 14 7
ENGINEERING MECHANICS
HEAT TRANSFER

1/7/2017 LECTURE 14 8
ENGINEERING MECHANICS
HEAT TRANSFER

1/7/2017 LECTURE 14 9
ENGINEERING MECHANICS
HEAT TRANSFER

1/7/2017 LECTURE 14 10
ENGINEERING MECHANICS
HEAT TRANSFER

1/7/2017 LECTURE 14 11
Conduction
Conduction can take place in solids, liquids, or gases

• In solids, it is due to the combination of vibrations of the


molecules in a lattice and the energy transport by free
electrons

• In gases and liquids, conduction is due to the collisions and


diffusion of the molecules during their random motion

1/7/2017 LECTURE 14 12
Conduction

1/7/2017 LECTURE 14 13
Conduction
• The rate of heat conduction through a
medium depends on
• the geometry of the medium,
• its thickness,
• and the material of the medium,
• as well as the temperature difference across
the medium

1/7/2017 LECTURE 14 14
ENGINEERING MECHANICS
CONDUCTION IN WALLS

FOURIER’S LAW OF
HEAT CONDUCTION

1/7/2017 LECTURE 14 15
Conduction

• k is the thermal conductivity of the material, which is a


measure of the ability of a material to conduct heat

• dT/dx is the temperature gradient, which is the slope of


the temperature curve on a T-x diagram

• Rate of heat conduction in a given direction is


proportional to the temperature gradient in that direction
1/7/2017 LECTURE 14 16
ENGINEERING MECHANICS
HEAT TRANSFER

1/7/2017 LECTURE 14 17
Conduction
• thermal conductivity (k) of a material can be defined as the
rate of heat transfer through a unit thickness of the material
per unit area per unit temperature difference.

• Unit of thermal conductivity k is

1/7/2017 LECTURE 14 18
ENGINEERING MECHANICS
EXAMPLE PROBLEM

1/7/2017 LECTURE 14 19
1/7/2017 LECTURE 14 20
Heat conduction in walls

1/7/2017 LECTURE 14 21
Thermal Resistance
HEAT TRANSFER ANALOGY

1/7/2017 LECTURE 14 22
ENGINEERING MECHANICS
HEAT TRANSFER

1/7/2017 LECTURE 14 23
ENGINEERING MECHANICS
HEAT TRANSFER
The SI units of thermal resistance
are kelvins per watt or the
equivalent degrees Celsius per watt

The thermal resistance of materials


is of great interest to electronic
engineers because most electrical
components generate heat and need
to be cooled

Electronic components malfunction


or fail if they overheat, and some
parts routinely need measures taken
in the design stage to prevent this.

1/7/2017 LECTURE 14 24
ENGINEERING MECHANICS
HEAT TRANSFER

1/7/2017 LECTURE 14 25
ENGINEERING MECHANICS
HEAT TRANSFER

1/7/2017 LECTURE 14 26