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Enrich

CHAPTER 20
MATRICES

20.1 Addition.
 Important concepts.

a b  p q a  p b  q
   
c d   r s   c  r d  s 

20.2 Subtraction.

 Important Concepts

a b p q a  p b  q
  _   =  
c d  r s  cr d  s 

20.3 Multiplication
 Important concept.
a b  ka kb 
k   =  
c d   kc kd 

 p
 a b    =  ap  bq 
q
a  ap aq 
    p q  =  bp
b 
bq 
  
a b   p q  ap  br aq  bs 
     =  
c d   r s  cp  dr cp  ds 

Questions based on examination format

 k   6   k 
1. Given that 2        ,
  1   3    5 
find the value of k.
A. -6 C. 2.
B. -2 D. 6

 3 w 2 6
2. Given that   w 2     ’ find the value of w.
4   w3 8 
A. 1 C. -1
B. 2 D. -2

 2 1  4 
3.    
 3 0  6 

matrices 1
Enrich

 8 6  14 
A.   C.  
  18 0   7
 8 6  14 
B.   D.  
  18 5    12 

1  2 1 0 
4. Given that 2    M   , find the matrices of M.
3 0  6  4 
1  4 13  2
A.   C.  
0 4  12 4 
1  2  3  4
B.   D.  
0 4  12  4 

 x 1
5. Given that 1 7       11 5 , find the value of x
 2 2 
A. 11 C. -3
B. 3 D. -11

 3    1  0 
6. Given    3     , the value of e.
  5   2e   e 
A. 1 C. -4
B. 0 D. -9

 7
7. Given  4 2 f       34  .Find the value of f.
 3 
A. -3 C. 2
B. -1 D. 3

 5   4 
8.      
  3    1
 9   20 
A.   C.  
  4  3 
9 1
B.   D.  
3
   4

 2  1   3 4   2 5
9.      =
6 3   0  1   4 7 
 3 8  1  2
A..   C.  
  10  9  10  5 
  3  2  1 8 
B.   D.  
 10  9   2  5 

matrices 2
Enrich
2  3  4 0 
10. T -   , the matrix of T is
1 0   2  1
6  3 2 3 
A.   C.  
3  1  1  1

 2  3 6  1
B.   D.  
 1 1  1  1

2 1  3   4 
11. Given that     k   , find the value of k.
0  3  2    3

A. 1 C. 4
B. 2 D. 8

12. Given the matrix equation 5  2 h   k k 3    26 17  , find the value of h – k .


A. 5 C. 1

B. -1 D. 6

2  3  5 4  7 y
13. Given that    ,
x 0    2 1   4 1 
find the values of x and of y.

A. x=2,y=1 C. x=4,y=2
B. x = 2 , y = -1 D. x=6,y=1

  4
14. Express 3  2  1 
 0  as a single matrix
 
A. (-8) C. (-28)
B. (10) D. (-24)

15. Given that


2  6 2 
   3 1   ,  the value of m is
 m  6  2 
A. 4 C. -2
B. 6 D. -3

1  1
16. 4  2   
0 3 
4  4
A.   C.  6  6
0  6 
4 2 
B.   D.  4  10 
0  6 

17. Find out matrix of P in the matrix equation below

matrices 3
Enrich
 5 7   5  1
   4 P   
 3  4    17  8 
1 2 2 0
A.   C.  
0 5 1 5 
 5 2 0 2
B.   D.  
0 1 5 1 

18. Given that


 4   1  7 
   m     ,the value of m is
7  2  1

A. -4 C. 3
B. -3 D. 4

19. Given that


 k   6   k 
2        , find out the value of k.
  1   3    5 
A. -6 C. 2
B. -2 D. 6
5 1 1 0
20. Given that A=   and AB=I , where I is a identical matrix  ,
4 1
 0 1 
find the matrix of B.

 1  1 1 1 
A.   C.  
 4 5   4  5

  10 5   5 1 
B.  
 D.  
  2 1  4  1

Past Year SPM Questions.

November 2003
1
1. 5 8    4 3  6 8 
2
A.  4 15 C. 13 5
B. 12 9  D. 15 13

 x 
2. Given that  3 x    = 18. Find the value of x.
  1
A. 9 C. -3
B. 4 D. -6

matrices 4
Enrich
5 1   2 
3.   
3 4  4 
  6   10 4
A.   C.  
 10   6 16 
  12    10  2
B.   D.  
 28   12 16 

July 2004

4. Given that 41  2   M   5 7  , then M


A. (9 -1) C. (1 9)
B. (6 -1) D. (1 15)

1 4  2  1
5. 
0  
  1
 1 2 

 6 7   2 9 
A.   C.  
 1  2  1  2 
6 1  2 1 
B.   D.  
7  2  9  2 

November 2004
6. Given the matrix equation 2  4 h   k 1 2   13 8 , fnd the value of h + k.
A. 4 C.10
B. 8 D.11

July 2005

 3   1  5 
7.    2     
6
   4    10 
6  9 
A.   C.  
 4   8
6  10 
B. 
0
 D.  
    12 

 2m 0   m m 
8.   2 =
  2  1   m 0 
 m2 2m 2   m2 2m 2 
A.   C.  
 0  2m    2 m  2m 
  
 m2 0  2m 2
2m 
2

B.   D.  
 2m 0    m  2m 
  

matrices 5
Enrich

November 2005

3 1  1 0
9. 2   =
4 6    1 4 
 4 2 5 2
A.  
 C.  
 1 4 5 2 
4 3 5 2
B.   D.  
7 4
 9 8 

 3 0
10. Given  k 5     24 5 , calculate the value of k .
 k 1 
A. 3 C. -1
B. 8 D. -12

July 2006

  1  3 
11. 
 4   2  1
   
  4  7
A.   C.  
 5   3 
  5  7
B. 
 2  D.  
   6 

2  1 3  1  4 1
12. Given    2     , calculate the value of m
7 m m 2   1 0 
A. 2 C. 4
B. 3 D. 8

 2
13. Given matrix P =  5  1 and matrix Q =   , then PQ is
 3
A.  7 C. 10  3
 10  10  2 
B.   D.  
  3 15  3 

November 2006

5 2 2 0    3 1
14.    3     
7 1  2  3    2 5
14 1  8 4 
A.   C.  
15  13   15  13 

13 4  7 3
B.   D.  
16  4  10 0 

matrices 6
Enrich
4p
15. If  3 2      7  , then p =
 p 
1
A. 1 C.
2
7
B. 2 D.
9

matrices 7