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Chemistry Lab

Rules
1. No backpacks inside the lab.
2. Always wear your lab coat before entering the lab.
3. Do not forget to leave your lab coat in the hanger.
4. No food allowed.
5. Do NOT smell, taste or touch any substances, solution nor
compound.
6. Always follow your teacher’s instructions.
7. Handle every instrument with care.
8. Know and complete your pre-lab worksheet, BEFORE the lab class.
9. Wear your hazards safety equipment.
10. Be aware of your surroundings. You are sharing a lab with
other students.
11. Read and know ALL the steps and questions of the entire
experiment before starting.
12. IF you have any questions, always ask. Do not try to solve it by
yourself.
13. Leave every lab instrument, lab station and materials in their
corresponding place.
14. Do NOT forget to turn-in your lab report before leaving the
lab.
REMEMBER: IF YOU DO NOT COMPLETE YOUR PRE-LAB
WORKSHEET AND PASS THE LAB RULES QUIZ, YOU WILL NOT BE
ALLOWED INSIDE THE LAB.
Rules in the Science Class
1. Pay attention and follow directions the first time given.
2. Be on time to class and seated before the bell rings with all your material organized and
your space cleaned up.
3. Be prepared to every class with notebook, pencil case (with pen, pencil, ruler, scissors,
glue), textbook, and any other material required. Once you enter the class there will be no
permission to leave the classroom to pick up material.
4. Wait to be dismissed - stay in seat until bell rings.
5. Raise hand to speak during lessons at all times. Anything should be related to the
lesson.
6. Ask permission to use bathroom, stand up or leaving the classroom.
7. Keep hands, feet, and objects to yourself. No flying objects!
8. Discard garbage at end of class.
9. No rudeness (put-downs, foul language), show respect to your classmates and your
teacher. (In hallways too)
10. No late homework or activity will be accepted after its due date without a justification.
11. Students are not allowed to do late science or other subject work at any moment
during the class. Otherwise, it will be taken away and given to the teacher.
12. There is a zero policy towards plagiarism (copy from someone else’s assignments).
Plagiarized assignments will have to be redone or substituted. Otherwise, they will be
graded as 1.
13. If the student has missed school, he/she will have to talk to the teacher during tutoring
to catch up with notebook notes; any other activity will be given to the preceptor.
14. Students are expected to work on their late tests during the time scheduled by the
school.
15. Cellphones are not allowed inside the class. If this rule gets broken, the cellphone will
be taken away and given to the preceptor.
16. Any broken rule will result in one or more written warnings (amonestaciones).
Science Worksheet 1 – 1Q – 1ST PARCIAL
Student: _______________________________________________________________
Date: _________________________________ Class: 2nd Media Section: ______

Scientific Method

Instructions: Read each situation and answer the questions that follow.

Experiment 1
Mr. Smithers thinks that a caffeinated drink will increase the productivity of workers. He
creates two groups of 50 workers each and assigns each group the same task (in this
case, they're supposed to staple a set of papers). Group A is given the caffeinated drink
while they work. Group B is not given the drink. After an hour, Smithers counts how many
stacks of papers each group has made. Group A made 1,587 stacks, Group B made 2,113
stacks.

1. Write a question for this experiment.


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2. Identify the Control Group


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3. Identify the Independent Variable


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4. Identify the Dependent Variable


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5. Draw a table and record the results of this experiment.


6. Draw a bar graph with the results of this experiment. Do not forget to label the x and y
axis in your graph.

7. What should Smithers' conclusion be? 


____________________________________________________________________

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8. How could this experiment be improved?


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Science Worksheet 2 – 1Q – 1ST PARCIAL
Student: _______________________________________________________________
Date: _________________________________ Class: 2nd Media Section: ______
Lab1 Worksheet
Title: The Best Antacid
1. Problem/ Question:……………………………………………………………………………
2. Observation/Research:
What is pH? What is an acid? What is an alkali? What is a neutralization reaction? What
is the pH of stomach acids?
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...............................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................................
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...............................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................................
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Variables:

 Control: …………………………………………………......................
 Independent: …………………………………………………......................
 Dependent: …………………………………………………......................
3. Hypothesis:
...................................................................................................................................................................
4. Experiment
Materials:
 Vinegar  3 large glasses (They each must be
 3 types of antacid (digeril, magnesia able to hold at least 2 cups of liquid.)
milk, mylanta)  A spoon
 Water  Eye protection such as goggles or
 Measuring cups safety glasses
 pH strips
Instructions:
1. Arrange your three glasses on a tabletop or countertop. Put ¼ cup of vinegar in the
three glasses.
2. Measure the pH of vinegar.
3. Place 5 ml of antacid in each glass.
4. Observe what's going on in each glass. Note in your laboratory notebook any
differences you see between what's going on in the glasses. If you don't see any
differences, note that as well.
5. Place the pH strips in each glass.
6. Record your results.

Diagram of set up:

5. Collect and Analyze Data


Table of results/Graphs

Discussion questions

What is the pH of vinegar? What happened when vinegar was mixed with the antacid? Which
antacid lowered the pH the most?
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6. Conclusion
____________________________________________________________________
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Science Lesson 1 – 1Q – 1ST PARCIAL
Student: _______________________________________________________________
Date: _________________________________ Class: 2nd Media Section: ______

Scientific Method Lesson

Lisa is working on a science project. Her task is to answer the question: "Does Herbal Essence
(which is a commercial hair product) affect the speed of hair growth?". Her family is willing to
volunteer for the experiment.

Describe how Lisa would perform this experiment.

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[7]

Identify the control variable, and the independent and dependent variables in your description

Control variable: ______________________________________________________________

Independent variable: __________________________________________________________

Dependent variable: ___________________________________________________________

[3]
Science Worksheet 3 – 1Q – 1ST PARCIAL
Student: _______________________________________________________________
Date: _________________________________ Class: 2nd Media Section: ______

Photosynthesis
1. Write the equation for photosynthesis
light
_________________ + _______________ chloroplasts _________________ + _______________

2 Plants make their own food by photosynthesis. Use the following words to fill in the
gaps. You can use each word once or not at all.

carbon chlorophyll cytoplasm light nitrogen


oxygen sound starch water

During photosynthesis .............................................. dioxide and ............................. are converted


into glucose and ........................................ . The energy needed to do this
is ....................................... energy which is trapped by a green pigment
called ......................................... . The plant can change the glucose into .....................................
which is insoluble so it can be stored.

3 Label the parts in this transverse section of a leaf:

A………………………………………..
B………………………………………..

C……………………………………….

D……………………………………….

E……………………………………….

4 Photosynthesis is a process that takes place in green plants.


(i)      What type of energy is needed for this process?
..........................................................................................................................
(ii)     What substance in the plant absorbs this energy?
..........................................................................................................................
(iii)     In which part of the plant cell does photosynthesis take place?
..........................................................................................................................
Science Worksheet 4 – 1Q – 1ST PARCIAL
Student: _______________________________________________________________
Date: _________________________________ Class: 2nd Media Section: ______

Microscope and Plant Cells


1. Look at the parts of a light microscope and then match the parts with their function.

This keeps the microscope steady on the desk and stops it from tipping
Eyepiece Lens  
over.
This is used to get the microscope slide into focus so that you can see
Objective Lens  
the image clearly.
There are three lenses of different strengths which can be used to look at
Stage  
the slide in more detail.
Diaphragm   This is the place where you put a microscope slide.
This is the lens closest to your eye. It normally makes the image tens
Light  
times bigger than real life.
This is used to get the microscope slide into focus so that the image is
Base  
very sharp and clear.
Arm   This controls the amount of light that goes onto the microscope slide.
Fine Focus Knob   This holds the eyepiece lens above the stage.
Coarse Focus   This projects light onto the microscope slide.
Knob
Science Worksheet 5– 1Q – 1ST PARCIAL
Student: _______________________________________________________________
Date: _________________________________ Class: 2nd Media Section: ______

Lab 2: Stoma Observation


1 Take a leaf that has a smooth, flat lower surface. (This works best with leaves that don’t
have too many hairs on them.) Place the leaf on a tile, with its lower surface facing
upwards.
2 Carefully paint a thin layer of colourless nail varnish over the surface of the leaf. Leave it
to dry fully.
3 While you are waiting, set up a microscope. Collect a slide, cover slip and dropper
pipette.
4 When the nail varnish is completely dry, place a drop of water on the middle of the
microscope slide. Carefully peel the nail varnish off the leaf and put it into the water on the
slide. Try to get it completely flat.
4 Gently lower the cover slip over the nail varnish. Try not to get too many air bubbles.
5 Look at the nail varnish through the microscope. Remember to start on low power, and
then go up to a higher power.
6 Make a drawing of what you can see. You should be able to see stomata – the little
holes in the underside of the leaf.
Science Worksheet 6– 1Q – 1ST PARCIAL
Student: _______________________________________________________________
Date: _________________________________ Class: 2nd Media Section: ______

Lab3 Worksheet
Title: Photosynthesis and light intensity
1. Problem/ Question:……………………………………………………………………………
2. Observation/Research:
What is photosynthesis? What do leaves need to make photosynthesis? What are the
reactants and products of photosynthesis?
...............................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................................
Variables:

 Control: …………………………………………………......................
 Independent: …………………………………………………......................
 Dependent: …………………………………………………......................
3. Hypothesis:
...................................................................................................................................................................
4. Experiment
Materials:
 pondweed  Ruler
 desk lamp  Stopclock
 Water  Scissors
 Boiling tube
Instructions:

1. Set up the apparatus as in the diagram.


2. Leave for five minutes for the pondweed to acclimatise to the new light intensity.
3. Count the number of bubbles given off in one minute.
4. Move the light 10 cm further back.
5. Leave for five minutes for the pondweed to acclimatise again.
6. Count the number of bubbles given off in one minute.
7. Repeat by moving the lamp away by 10 cm intervals until 50 cm is reached.

Diagram of set up:

5. Collect and Analyze Data


Table of results/Graphs

Discussion questions

What is the change you saw after moving the lamp?


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6. Conclusion
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Science Lesson 2– 1Q – 1ST PARCIAL
Student: _______________________________________________________________
Date: _________________________________ Class: 2nd Media Section: ______

1 Fill in the spaces with the reactants and products of photosynthesis.

2 Which part of the plant is adapted for photosynthesis? Mention two adaptations.

....................................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................................

3 Label the parts in this transverse section of a leaf:

A………………………………………..
B………………………………………..

C……………………………………….

D……………………………………….

E……………………………………….
Science Worksheet 7– 1Q – 1ST PARCIAL
Student: _______________________________________________________________
Date: _________________________________ Class: 2nd Media Section: ______

1 Analyse your labels and fill in the table.

Label 1 Label 2 Label 3


Carbohydrates

Proteins

Fats

Vitamins

Minerals

Salt

2 Read the following information about the recommended food intake for adults and
then answer the questions.

Daily intake for adults

 Energy:
8,400kJ/2,000kcal
 Total fat: less than 70g
 Saturates: less than 20g
 Carbohydrate: at least
260g
 Total sugars: 90g
 Protein: 50g
a. Com compare the protein, sugar, fat, fibre and salt content of foods with the recommended
daily intake for adults.

Recommended Label 1 Label 2 Label 3


Carbohydrates At least 260 g

Proteins 50 g

Fats Less than 70 g

Salt Less than 6g

b. What combinations of food would give you the recommended daily intake of protein and
fibre?

.................................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................................
c. What is the maximum number of snacks you could eat before you had more than the
recommended daily intake of sugar and fat?

.................................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................................
d. Identify the foods with the highest energy content.

.................................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................................
e. Are these ‘healthy’ foods? Why?

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Science Worksheet 8– 1Q – 1ST PARCIAL
Student: _______________________________________________________________
Date: _________________________________ Class: 2nd Media Section: ______

Lab4 Worksheet
Title: Testing food for Starch and Sugar
1. Problem/ Question:……………………………………………………………………………
2. Observation/Research:
What is the difference between starch and sugar? What is the test for starch? What are
the results for positive and negative? What is the test for sugars? What are the results for
positive and negative?
...............................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................................
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3. Experiment
4. Collect and Analyze Data

Sample 1
Color with iodine
solution
Did it contain starch?
Color with Benedict’s
solution
Did it contain sugar?

Discussion questions

How can you predict the amount of sugar or starch? What prediction would you give based on the
results?
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6. Conclusion
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Science Worksheet 9– 1Q – 1ST PARCIAL
Student: _______________________________________________________________
Date: _________________________________ Class: 2nd Media Section: ______

Homework: Experiment Design


Title: Sugar in bread
1. Problem/ Question: Which brand of bread has the most sugar?
2. Observation/Research:
What are the name of the two brands to be tested? What are the contents of sugar
according to the food label? What is the test for sugars? What are the results for positive
and negative?
...............................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................................
Variables:

 Control: …………………………………………………......................
 Independent: …………………………………………………......................
 Dependent: …………………………………………………......................
3. Hypothesis:
...................................................................................................................................................................
4. Experiment
Materials:
 _______________________  _______________________
 _______________________  _______________________
 _______________________  _______________________
 _______________________
Instructions:

1. ..............................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................

2. ...............................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................

3. ..............................................................................................................................

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4. ..............................................................................................................................

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5. ..............................................................................................................................

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6. ..............................................................................................................................

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7. ..............................................................................................................................

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8. ..............................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................

Diagram of set up:


5. Collect and Analyze Data

Draw a table that you would use to write the results of your experiment.

6. Conclusion
What information would you look at to have a conclusion of the experiment?
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Science Worksheet 10– 1Q – 1ST PARCIAL
Student: _______________________________________________________________
Date: _________________________________ Class: 2nd Media Section: ______

1 Tick the nutrient columns to show the nutrients that each food contains a lot of.

2. Answer the questions on p.21.


Science Lesson 3– 1Q – 1ST PARCIAL
Student: _______________________________________________________________
Date: _________________________________ Class: 2nd Media Section: ______

1. Here are some food labels from Mac Donald’s. Which food item has the most and
least of each nutrient?

Most Least
Carbohydrate
Sugar
Protein
Fat

Big Mac Per %GDA Per %GDA


portion
Fries large
portion
Energy (Kcals) 490 24% Energy (Kcals) 460 23%
Protein (g) 28 37% Protein (g) 5 7%
Carbohydrates 41 15% Carbohydrates 60 22%
(g) (g)
Sugar 8 9% Sugar 1 1%
Fat (g) 24 36% Fat (g) 23 34%
Amount of 10 45% Amount of 2 9%
Saturated Fat Saturated Fat
Salt 2.1 42% Salt 0.9 18%

2. Complete the following diagram


Rice is a good source of
__________________________
Chicken is a good source of Milk is a good source
of
__________________________ `
3. Write the right food in the right section of the plate.

Fruit

Cheddar cheese

Chocolate
4. In science, what does the word ‘diet’ mean? Tick the correct box.
o what someone usually eats Cauliflower
o what someone eats on special occasions
Cabbage
o what someone eats when they want to get less fat
Roast beef
5. Look at the result of this food tests. Then, answer the following questions.
Fish
Food sample Starch Test Sugar test
Sample 1 Brown Eggs Green
Sample 2 Blue black Red
Wholemeal loaf

a. Which food sample contains Starch? .............................................................................


b. Which food sample contains sugar?................................................................................
c. What is the difference in sugar in samples 1 and 2?.......................................................
Science Worksheet 11– 1Q – 1ST PARCIAL
Student: _______________________________________________________________
Date: _________________________________ Class: 2nd Media Section: ______

Alimentary canal

1. What is the pathway of food in the alimentary canal.

______________→______________→______________→______________→

______________→______________→______________

2. Complete the table with the parts of the alimentary canal and their functions.

Parts of the alimentary Functions


canal
Mouth

Small balls of food are pushed down by


PERISTALSIS

Digestion of Protein into smaller protein


particles

Small intestine

Large intestine
Science Worksheet 12– 1Q – 1ST PARCIAL
Student: _______________________________________________________________
Date: _________________________________ Class: 2nd Media Section: ______

The diagrams show the different organs in the digestive system.


1. Cut out each organ.
2. Paste the organs onto your notebook, in their correct positions.
3. You could draw an outline of a human body around them, if you like.
4. Label each organ.

Science Worksheet 12– 1Q – 1ST PARCIAL


Student: _______________________________________________________________
Date: _________________________________ Class: 2nd Media Section: ______

1 Use a mirror to look at your teeth.


a How many teeth do you have in your top jaw?

.........................................................................................................................................

b How many of each kind of tooth do you have in your top jaw?

Incisors ………………………………………
Canines ……………………………………..
premolars and molars ……………………..
c How many teeth do you have in your lower jaw?

.........................................................................................................................................

d How many of each kind of tooth do you have in your lower jaw?

Incisors ………………………………………

Canines …………………………………….

premolars and molars …………………….

2 Take a bite from an apple or other hard kind of food.

a Which teeth did you use?

.........................................................................................................................................

b What did these teeth do to the apple?

.........................................................................................................................................

c How is the structure of these teeth adapted for their function?

.........................................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................................

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3 Now chew the apple.

a Which teeth did you use?


.........................................................................................................................................

b What did these teeth do to the apple?

.........................................................................................................................................

c How is the structure of these teeth adapted for their function?

.........................................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................................

4 Describe how any other parts of your mouth helped you to bite, chew and swallow the
apple.

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Science Worksheet 13– 1Q – 1ST PARCIAL


Student: _______________________________________________________________
Date: _________________________________ Class: 2nd Media Section: ______

1 Cut out the cards. Match each caption with the correct picture.
2 Arrange the pairs in the right order and paste them on the notebook.
Science Lesson 4– 1Q – 1ST PARCIAL
Student: _______________________________________________________________
Date: _________________________________ Class: 2nd Media Section: ______

Animal Nutrition

1 Write down the food types each of these foods belong to.

2 Match each of these terms with its definition.

1 Any substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction, without being changed
itself. ...............................................................................................................................
2 A deficiency disease resulting from a shortage of vitamin D in the diet.
.........................................................................................................................................
3 The movement of small molecules of nutrients through the walls of the alimentary canal,
into the body.
.........................................................................................................................................
4 A nutrient found in meat, fish, dairy products, beans and eggs, used in the body to make
new cells..........................................................................................................................
5 The hard, outer layer of a tooth....................................................................................
6 Breaking down large food molecules into small ones.
.........................................................................................................................................
7 The smallest particle of a substance that can exist.
.........................................................................................................................................
8 A biological catalyst......................................................................................................
9 A type of carbohydrate with molecules made up of many sugar molecules linked in a
long chain........................................................................................................................
10 A long tube through which food travels after swallowing; part of the digestive system.
.........................................................................................................................................
11 A nutrient that helps food to keep moving through the alimentary canal.
.........................................................................................................................................
12 The seven types of substances, found in food, that are needed in the diet.
.........................................................................................................................................
13 A deficiency disease caused by a lack of vitamin C in the diet.
.........................................................................................................................................
14 One of the small molecules which, when linked into a long chain, makes up a protein
molecule..........................................................................................................................
15 The food that you eat each day
.........................................................................................................................................
16 All of the organs involved in digestion and absorption.
.........................................................................................................................................
17 A type of carbohydrate that turns hot Benedict’s solution brick red.
.........................................................................................................................................
18 An enzyme that catalyses the breakdown of large starch molecules into small sugar
molecules.........................................................................................................................

3 Label the parts of the alimentary canal that you


learned in class. (At least 7)
Science Worksheet 8– 1Q – 1ST PARCIAL
Student: _______________________________________________________________
Date: _________________________________ Class: 2nd Media Section: ______

Lab5 Worksheet
Title: Using an enzyme to digest starch
1. Problem/ Question:……………………………………………………………………………
2. Observation/Research:
What is the test for starch? What are the results for positive and negative? What is the test
for sugars? What are the results for positive and negative? Where can we find amylase?
...............................................................................................................................................
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...............................................................................................................................................
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3. Experiment
Materials:
 Starch solution  White tile
 Amylase solution  Two boiling tubes
 Benedict’s solution  Dropper
 Iodine solution  Burner

Instructions
1. Label two test tubes A and B.
2. Put 5 cm3 of starch solution into each of tubes A and B.
3. Add 5 cm3 of amylase solution to tube A. Add 5cm3 of water to tube B. Leave both
tubes in a warm place for about 20 minutes.
4. Using a clean dropper pipette, take a small sample of lliquid from tube A. Put it onto a
while tile, and add some iodine solution.
5. Write down your results.
6. Repeat step 4 with sample from tube B.
7. Using a clean dropper pipette, take a small sample of liquid from tube A. Put it into a
boiling tube, and add some Benedict’s solution. Place the boiling tube into a water bath at
about 80°C. Leave it for two or three minutes.
8 Write down the result.
9 Repeat step 6 with a sample from tube B.
10 Record all of your results clearly, and try to explain them.
4. Collect and Analyze Data

Discussion questions

Why do the solutions need to start at the same temperature? Why is the starch/amylase solution
kept in the water bath? When was the digestion of starch by amylase complete? Explain your
answer.
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6. Conclusion
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