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APPENDIX EE

HALF-PIPE JACKETS

EE-1 GENERAL rp inside radius of jacket defined in Fig. EE-4, in.


S1p allowable tensile stress of jacket material at de-
The calculation procedure in this Appendix shall be
sign temperature, psi
used only if both of the following conditions apply.
P1p design pressure in jacket, psi. (P1 shall not ex-
(a) There is positive pressure inside the shell or head.
ceed P′.)
(b) There is positive pressure inside the half-pipe The fillet weld attaching the half-pipe jacket to the
jacket. vessel shall have a throat thickness not less than the
smaller of the jacket or shell thickness. Through thick-
ness jacket welds with a fillet shall be considered when
EE-2 HALF-PIPE JACKETS the jacket is in cyclic service.
The maximum permissible pressure P′ in half-pipe
jackets shall be determined from the following formula:
EE-3 JACKETS WITH OTHER
P′ p F /K (1) GEOMETRIES
For other jacket geometries such as shown in Fig.
where EE-5, the permissible pressure P′ may be obtained
P′p permissible jacket pressure, psi from the rules of UG-47 for stayed construction or 9-
Fp 1.5S − S′ 5 for jacketed vessels.
(F shall not exceed 1.5 S)
Sp maximum allowable tensile stress at design tem-
perature of shell or head material, psi Example
S′p actual longitudinal tensile stress in shell or head What is the required thickness of a cylindrical shell
due to internal pressure and other axial forces, subjected to an inside pressure of 190 psi and a half-
psi. When axial forces are negligible, S′ shall pipe jacket pressure of 300 psi? The jacket is in
be taken as PR /2t. When the combination of noncyclic service. Let
axial forces and pressure stress (PR/2t) is such I.D. of shell p 40 in.
that S′ would be a negative number, then S′ allowable stress of shell p 16,000 psi
shall be taken as zero. joint efficiency of shell p 1.0
Kp factor obtained from Fig. EE-1, EE-2, or EE-3 half-pipe jacket is NPS 3
Pp internal design pressure (see UG-21) in ves- allowable stress of jacket material p 12,000 psi
sel, psi jacket girth welds are not radiographed
Rp inside shell or head radius, in. corrosion allowance p 0
Dp 2R
The minimum thickness of a half-pipe jacket, when SOLUTION: The required thickness of the shell due
the thickness does not exceed one-half of the inside to internal pressure is calculated from Eq. (1) of UG-
pipe radius or P does not exceed 0.385S1, is given by 27 as
PR
P1 r tp
SE − 0.6P
Tp (2)
0.85S1 − 0.6P1
190 × 20
p
16,000 × 1.0 − 0.6 × 190
where
Tp minimum thickness of half-pipe jacket, in. p 0.24 in.

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Fig. EE-1 2001 SECTION VIII — DIVISION 1

FIG. EE-1 NPS 2 PIPE JACKET

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APPENDIX EE — NONMANDATORY Fig. EE-2

FIG. EE-2 NPS 3 PIPE JACKET

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Fig. EE-3 2001 SECTION VIII — DIVISION 1

FIG. EE-3 NPS 4 PIPE JACKET

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EE-3 APPENDIX EE — NONMANDATORY EE-3

FIG. EE-4

FIG. EE-5
1
(a) Try t p ⁄4 in.: From Fig. EE-2, with D p 40
in. and t p 1⁄4 in., K p60:

P′ p F /K p (1.5 × 16,000 − 6080) /49


S′ p PR /2tp (190 × 20) /(2 × 0.25)
p 366 psi > 300 psi adequate
p 7600 psi

(c) Try Sch. 5S Pipe:


P′ p F /K p (1.5 × 16,000 − 7600) /60

p 273 psi < 300 psi not adequate t p 0.083 × 0.875 p 0.073 in.

(b) Try t p 5⁄16 in.: From Fig. EE-2, with D p 40 r p 3.5 /2 − 0.073 p 1.677 in.
in. and t p 5⁄16 in., K p 49:

The required half-pipe jacket thickness is


S′ p PR /2t p (190 × 20) /(2 × 0.3125)
P1r
Tp
p 6080 psi 0.85S1 − 0.6P1

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EE-3 2001 SECTION VIII — DIVISION 1 EE-3

300 × 1.677 The minimum fillet weld size is equal to 0.083 ×


p
0.85 × 12,000 − 0.6 × 300 1.414 p 0.12 in. Use shell thickness of 5⁄16 in., half-
pipe jacket of NPS 3 Sch. 5S, and fillet weld size of
1
p 0.050 in. OK ⁄8 in.

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