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Vectors

LECTURE - 3
Jayant Nagda
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B.Tech, IIT Bombay

IIT-JEE AIR- 161

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Vectors
Parallel Vectors

Two vectors are Parallel when they have same direction

Two vectors are Anti-Parallel when they have opposite direction


Multiplication of a Vector by a Scalar
Zero Vector

Vector whose magnitude is zero

Representation
Unit Vector

Vector whose magnitude is unity

Representation Or
Unit vectors along x, y & z axis

Unit vector along x-axis


z

Unit vector along y-axis

Unit vector along z-axis


y

x
Angle between two vectors

1. Put the vectors tail to tail (by translation)

2. Measure smaller of the angle between the lines.


Angle between two vectors

1. Put the vectors tail to tail (by translation)

2. Measure smaller of the angle between the lines.

Eg:
Example

1.
Example

2.
Example

3.
Example

4.
Addition of Vectors
Addition of two vectors Triangle Law

are to be added

Step 1 : Put tail of on head of


Addition of two vectors Triangle Law

Step 2 : Join tail of with head of .


Which gives us the addition of

is another vector called Resultant


Addition of two vectors

Apply triangular law in following cases to draw the resultant vector.

1.

2.
Addition of two vectors
Answers

1.

2.
Addition of two vectors

3.

4.
Addition of two vectors

3.

4.
Triangle Law
| |=?
Triangle Law
| |=?
Triangle Law

Or =
Triangle Law

Or =

Where,

𝜭 : angle between &


A, B : magnitudes of respective vectors
: Resultant
𝞪 : angle of Resultant with the first vector ( i.e., )
Example

Draw

2 units
60°

2 units
Example

2 units
2 units
Example

n its
u
5 37°

1 unit
Example

3
un
60°

its
3 units 3
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