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# Vectors

LECTURE - 3
Jayant Nagda
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Vectors
Parallel Vectors

## Two vectors are Anti-Parallel when they have opposite direction

Multiplication of a Vector by a Scalar
Zero Vector

Representation
Unit Vector

## Vector whose magnitude is unity

Representation Or
Unit vectors along x, y & z axis

z

## Unit vector along z-axis

y

x
Angle between two vectors

## 2. Measure smaller of the angle between the lines.

Angle between two vectors

## 2. Measure smaller of the angle between the lines.

Eg:
Example

1.
Example

2.
Example

3.
Example

4.
Addition of two vectors Triangle Law

## Step 1 : Put tail of on head of

Addition of two vectors Triangle Law

## Step 2 : Join tail of with head of .

Which gives us the addition of

1.

2.

1.

2.

3.

4.

3.

4.
Triangle Law
| |=?
Triangle Law
| |=?
Triangle Law

Or =
Triangle Law

Or =

Where,

## 𝜭 : angle between &

A, B : magnitudes of respective vectors
: Resultant
𝞪 : angle of Resultant with the ﬁrst vector ( i.e., )
Example

Draw

2 units
60°

2 units
Example

2 units
2 units
Example

n its
u
5 37°

1 unit
Example

3
un
60°

its
3 units 3
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