Sei sulla pagina 1di 3

DEGRADED

ENVIRONMENT

Environmental degradation is the


deterioration of the environment
through depletion of resources such
causes
as air, water and soil; the destruction
of ecosystems and the extinction of
wildlife.
POPULATION
INCREASE

Due to

-rural urban
migration
-natural increase

Pressure on land Lead to Environmental degradation


Overuse resources- such as pollution,
cut down trees, deforestation,
overgrazing, over desertification, soil erosion,
farming etc etc

RURAL URBAN LAND POLLUTION


DECLINE DECLINE DEGRADED what

Degree of impairment of land utilization, Quality of the


or land potential, i.e. deteriorate of land environment is ruined/
-Services/ (physical, chemical and biological
function Overcrowded in impaired, degraded,
-depopulated urban area due contaiminated in some
-demographic- to rural urban way
old and young migration-lead
left behind to urban
TYPES
-hinder dev- problems;
agricultural pollution, AIR POLLUTION
growth decline housing (shanty WATER POLLUTION
town), increase LAND POLLUTION
crime etc

-What?
-causes
-how to overcome
*Hand outs
-limitation of solution
(case studies)
1
What?

Causes:
Natural and
man-made
(growing pop,
removal veg,
poor farming
method and
irrigation, faulty
Harmful materials – Introduction of harmful
mining and
pollutants. materials into the environment.
Water erosion, soil extract fossil
erosion, leaching of soil, fuel and
POLLUTION
desertification, transport &
dumping waste
AIR POLLUTION Degraded
LAND land
POLLUTION WATER POLLUTION

2
Impact * water issues

-breathing difficulty/astma -caused by waste Water pollution


-kill plant & animals. disposal, mining, -China
-deplete ozone quarrying and industrial
-Acid rain accident.
-Global warming

 Acid rain: what, Agriculture:


How prevented Apply manure, fertilisers &
 Global warming; pesticides on land &
what, causes & disposal of slurry
consequences -pesticide leach into soil-
groundwater & channel-
stream
Air pollution in MEDC
and LEDCs.
PROBLEMS
Case studies:
- Air pollution India
-Accident at Nuclear 1. ENVIRONMENTAL
station HAZARD:
-Urban issues -unsightful litter into
-rural decline stream that contaiminated
soil, air and water.

HOW TO DISPOSED?

a) Landfill-buried in ground. b) Burnt c) Compost


Problem: take up land space- burn the rubbish in
full &…… incinerator
Where? Quarry, clay pit & problem: fumes released
gravel pit (best area) from incinerators
Gov. UK imposed tax to those Hydrochloric acid, … (air
who pollute at landfill site, 10 pollution)
pound per tonne & 2 pound-
INERT WASTE