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Martín Vizcarra
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This article uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family
name is Vizcarra and the second or maternal family name is Cornejo.

Martín Vizcarra

OSP CYC GColIH

Official portrait of President Vizcarra.

67th President of Peru

Incumbent

Assumed office

23 March 2018

Prime Minister Mercedes Aráoz

César Villanueva

Salvador del Solar


Vicente Zeballos

Vice President Mercedes Aráoz

Preceded by Pedro Pablo Kuczynski

President pro tempore of the Pacific Alliance

Incumbent

Assumed office

24 July 2018

Preceded by Juan Manuel Santos

First Vice President of Peru

In office

28 July 2016 – 23 March 2018

President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski

Preceded by Marisol Espinoza

Succeeded by Mercedes Aráoz

Ambassador of Peru to Canada

In office

18 October 2017 – 23 March 2018

President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski

Preceded by Marcela López Bravo

Succeeded by Carlos Gil de Montes Molinari

Minister of Transport and Communications

In office
28 July 2016 – 22 May 2017

Prime Minister Fernando Zavala

Preceded by José Gallardo Ku

Succeeded by Bruno Giuffra

Governor of the Moquegua Region

In office

1 January 2011 – 1 January 2015

Preceded by Jaime Rodríguez Villanueva

Succeeded by Jaime Rodríguez Villanueva

Personal details

Born Martín Alberto Vizcarra Cornejo

22 March 1963 (age 57)

Lima, Peru

Political party Independent

Other political Peruvians for Change (affiliated)

affiliations

Spouse(s) Maribel Díaz Cabello

Children Maribel Diana Vizcarra Diaz

Daniela Vizcarra Diaz

Diamela Sofia Vizcarra Diaz

Martino Vizcarra Diaz

Parents Cesar Vizcarra Vargas

Doris Cornejo Davila


Alma mater National University of Engineering

Signature

Martín Alberto Vizcarra Cornejo OSP (American Spanish: [maɾˈtin alˈβeɾto βisˈkara koɾ


ˈnexo] ( listen);[a] born 22 March 1963[1]) is a Peruvian engineer and politician who is the
current President of Peru. Vizcarra previously served as Governor of the Moquegua
Region (2011–2014), Minister of Transport and Communications of Peru (2016–2017),
and Ambassador of Peru to Canada (2017–2018), with both of the latter two during the
presidency of Pedro Pablo Kuczynski.
In the 2016 general election, Vizcarra ran with the Peruvians for Change presidential ticket
as candidate for First Vice President and as running mate of Pedro Pablo Kuczynski. The
ticket narrowly defeated Keiko Fujimori's Popular Force nomination.
Vizcarra was sworn into office as president on 23 March 2018 following the resignation of
President Kuczynski.[2][3] Demanding reforms against corruption,
Vizcarra dissolved the Congress of Peru on 30 September 2019 and, on the same day,
issued a decree for legislative elections to be held on 26 January 2020.

Contents

 1Early life
 2Education
 3Governor of Moquegua
 4Vice presidency
o 4.1Minister of Transportation and Communications
o 4.2Ambassador to Canada
 5President of Peru
o 5.1Climate change
o 5.2Anti-corruption initiatives
 5.2.12018 Peruvian constitutional referendum
o 5.3Dissolution of congress
 6Public image
 7Political ideology
 8Honours
o 8.1Notes
 9References
 10External links

Early life[edit]
Vizcarra was born in Lima, the son of César Vizcarra Vargas, who was an APRA member,
and Doris Cornejo, an elementary school teacher. His father was mayor of Moquegua and
a member of the Constituent Assembly of 1978. His family was based in Moquegua, but
moved to Lima due to a pulmonary complication that put him on the verge of death at his
birth.
Vizcarra stated his father had a lasting impact on his life.[4]

Education[edit]
Vizcarra studied at the IEP Juan XXIII and the GUE Simón Bolívar, in Moquegua. For
university education, Vizcarra graduated from the National University of
Engineering in Lima in 1984[5] while also earning a degree in Management Administration
from the School of Business Administration (ESAN).[6]

Governor of Moquegua[edit]
His political ambitions began in his home region of Moquegua, where he ran as an
independent affiliated with the APRA party for the governorship in 2006, narrowly missing
election.[4] In 2008, Vizcarra led protests, known as "Moqueguazo", surrounding unequal
mining payments to the community.[4] He travelled to Lima to mediate the crisis, explaining
the payment issue to the Peruvian Council of Ministers who agreed to make necessary
changes to laws surrounding the issue. This event inspired Vizcarra's further political
ambitions.[4]
In 2011, Vizcarra was elected to be Governor of Moquegua. During his tenure, social
indexes improved and he avoided corruption issues, an achievement The Washington
Post described as "one of the rare examples" in Peru. He also conciliated another mining
conflict between mining company Anglo American and residents concerned about potential
drinking water contamination by a proposed copper mine, playing a major role in settling
the dispute. Vizcarra served as governor until the end of 2014.[4]

Vice presidency[edit]
Vizcarra was elected into the office of First Vice President of Peru in 2016 general election,
running beside Pedro Pablo Kuczynski of the Peruanos Por el Kambio party. Shortly after
being elected, he was tasked with serving in other ministries.
Minister of Transportation and Communications[edit]
As Minister of Transportation and Communications, Vizcarra served for about one year.
During a series of floods in late 2017 and early 2018 which devastated much of Peru, he
was tasked with managing the crisis.
With allegations of bribery and bureaucracy plaguing the construction of the Chinchero
International Airport in Cusco, Vizcarra cancelled many contracts until an investigation by
the Comptroller's Office was completed. After facing complaints by political opponents and
being summoned to provide hours of testimony surrounding the project, all while being
tasked with providing reconstruction following the flooding that affected Peru, Vizcarra
resigned his position as minister. Shortly after his resignation, the Comptroller General
Edgar Alarcón recommended legal action against ten officials involved with the airport's
construction.[7]
Analysts stated that overall, Vizcarra's performance as minister was positive, though it was
plagued by complications from the Fujimori family's political forces, known as Fujimoristas.[8]
Ambassador to Canada[edit]
After resigning from the previous ministry, he was appointed to be the Peruvian
Ambassador to Canada, avoiding public attention.[4] He only returned to Peru during the first
impeachment proceedings against President Kuczynski,[9] returning to Canada shortly
thereafter.

President of Peru[edit]
Following the resignation of President Kuczynski, Vizcarra returned to Peru to assume the
presidency on 23 March 2018.[10] Upon being sworn in, Vizcarra stated in regards to
corruption, "we've had enough", promising to lead against such practices in the Andean
nation.[11]
Peruvian author and Nobel laureate in Literature, Mario Vargas Llosa, stated that Vizcarra's
"credentials are pretty good" and that although other Peruvian politicians have faced
political controversy, Vizcarra "has acted within the law". Vargas Llosa also noted that if
Vizcarra's popularity were to increase enough, "then immediately in Congress, the
Fujimoristas will forget their internal struggles and will probably make life difficult for him".[12]
Climate change[edit]
We must be responsible to leave a legacy to our

“ children and the future generations of Peru.



— Martín Vizcarra, 17 April 2018

On 17 April 2018, President Vizcarra signed the Law for Climate Change, allowing for more
funding toward the Ministry of the Environment (MINAM) to monitor and combat climate
change by analyzing greenhouse gas emissions while also creating a framework of inter-
ministerial cooperation regarding the climate.[13][14]
The signing made Peru the first country in South America to have a climate law, with
Vizcarra stating that climate change could no longer be ignored and that the Government of
Peru had an obligation to work together to provide a better environment for future
Peruvians.[13][14]
Anti-corruption initiatives[edit]
See also: 2017–19 Peruvian political crisis
2018 Peruvian constitutional referendum[edit]
Main article: 2018 Peruvian constitutional referendum
Following multiple corruption scandals facing the Peruvian government, on 28 July 2018,
President Vizcarra called for a nationwide referendum to prohibit private funding for political
campaigns, ban the reelection of lawmakers and to create a second legislative chamber.[15]
The Washington Post stated that "Vizcarra’s decisive response to a graft scandal engulfing
the highest tiers of the judiciary ... has some Peruvians talking of a once-in-a-lifetime
opportunity to restore integrity to public life and revive citizens’ waning faith in democracy".
[16]
 Leftist lawmaker Marisa Glave, who was once a critic of Vizcarra, praised the move
saying he had "connected with the people in a society that is both fed up with corruption but
also deeply apolitical. It has put the Fujimoristas in check".[16] Transparency
International also praised the move, stating that "This is a very important opportunity, one
that is unlike previous opportunities because, in part, the president appears genuinely
committed".[16]
Following the temporary detention of Keiko Fujimori, legislators belonging to American
Popular Revolutionary Alliance and the Fujimorista-led Popular Force introduced a bill the
following day on 11 October 2018 to remove Vizcarra's referendum proposals and to
modify the referendum with their own suggestions to the public.[17]
On 9 December 2018, Peruvians ultimately accepted three of four of the proposals in the
referendum, only rejecting the final proposal of creating a bicameral congress when
Vizcarra withdrew his support when the Fujimorista-led congress manipulated the
proposals contents which would have removed power from the presidency.[18]
Dissolution of congress[edit]
Main article: 2019 Peruvian constitutional crisis
In the Constitution of Peru, the executive branch can dissolve congress after a second vote
of no-confidence.[19][20] Under former president of Peru Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, the Congress
of Peru made a no-confidence vote on 15 September 2017, resulting in the collapse of
the Cabinet of Peru,[21] the first vote of no-confidence during that current congressional
body.[19] Vizcarra enacted a constitutional process on 29 May 2019 that would create
a motion of no confidence towards congress if they refused to cooperate with his proposed
actions against corruption.[22] For the next four months, congress delayed bills targeting
corruption and postponed general elections proposed by Vizcarra.[20]
Demanding reforms against corruption, Vizcarra called for a vote of no confidence on 27
September 2019, stating it was "clear the democracy of our nation is at risk".[19] Vizcarra and
the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights criticized congress for blocking a
proposal for general elections while it quickly approved nominations to the Constitutional
Court of Peru without investigating the backgrounds on nominees.[19] Vizcarra sought to
reform the Constitutional Court nomination process and congress' approval or disapproval
of his proposal was seen "as a sign of confidence in his administration".[19]
On 30 September 2019, congress named a new member to the Constitutional Court of
Peru, who would most likely decide disputes between congress and the presidency,
ignoring his proposal for reform.[20] Vizcarra argued that the appointment by congress was
the second act of no-confidence in his government, granting him the authority to dissolve
congress.[20] This act, as well as the months of slow progress towards anti-corruption
reforms, pushed Vizcarra to dissolve congress later that day, with Vizcarra stating
"Peruvian people, we have done all we could".[20] Shortly after Vizcarra announced the
dissolution of congress, the legislative body refused to recognize the president's actions,
declared Vizcarra as suspended from the presidency and named vice president Mercedes
Aráoz as the new president of Peru.[20] Despite this, Peruvian government officials stated
that the actions by congress were void as the body was officially closed at the time of their
declarations.[20]
By nightfall, Peruvians gathered outside of the Legislative Palace of Peru to protest against
congress and demand the removal of legislators[20] while the heads of the Peruvian Armed
Forces met with Vizcarra, announcing that they still recognized him as president of Peru
and head of the armed forces.[23]
In January 2020, the Constitutional Court of Peru defended Vizcarra's actions, with four
judges approving and three judges disapproving of the action.[24] On 26 January 2020, a
legislative election was held to replace the dissolved congress, with the previous Fujimorist
majority being replaced with many centrist parties.[24]

Public image[edit]
During Vizcarra's inauguration ceremony, some Peruvians took to the streets to protest
against the government, calling for the removal of all politicians.[11] Weeks later,
an Ipsos survey in April 2018 found that out of those asked Vizcarra had an approval rate
of 57%, a disapproval rate of 13% while about 30% of respondents were undecided.[25] A
month later, Vizcarra's approval rating dipped to 52% according to a May 2018 Ipsos
survey.[26] By September 2018 after he had called for a referendum, thousands of Peruvians
marched in support of his proposal and to protest against Congress,[27] with Ipsos reporting
that Vizcarra's approval rating reached a peak of 66% in December 2018.[28]
Into 2019, Ipsos polls showed that support for Vizcarra began to decline early in the year,
that his approval rating in April 2019 was at 44% compared to 45% disapproval and that
approval ratings were higher among upper-income respondents compared to lower-income
respondents.[28] By the time Vizcarra dissolved congress, The Washington Post described
him as "an unexpectedly popular president" as he dealt with "the monumental task of
rooting out the South American nation’s widespread corruption".[19] After the dissolution of
congress, Vizcarra's approval rating jumped from about 40% to 75% according to the
Institute of Peruvian Studies (IEP), while 76% of respondents recognized him as the
constitutional president of Peru.[29] Another poll by Peruvian pollster CPI found 85.1% of
respondents approved of Vizcarra and 89.1% recognized him as president.[30]
Following Peru's 2020 legislative elections that replaced an unpopular congress, The
Economist wrote "By championing the fight against corruption, Mr Vizcarra has achieved
the rare feat for a Peruvian president of remaining popular".[24]

Political ideology[edit]
Vizcarra is described as a centrist[31] and he has attributed his political beliefs as stemming
from his father, with Vizcarra saying that his guidance made him concerned about social
issues.[4] He values his ability to "know how to listen" and to "go step by step", with his
supporters often describing him as a bridge builder who is able to mediate complicated
situations.[4] Left-wing parties applauded Vizcarra's anti-corruption efforts, his dissolution of
congress and his attempts to move forward with general elections.[32][33]

Honours[edit]

Vizcarra receiving the Keys to the City of Madrid next to Manuela Carmena.

Awards and orders Country Date Notes

 Grand Master of the Order of the Sun of  Peru


Peru

 Grand Master of the Order of Merit for  Peru


Distinguished Service

 Grand Master of the Military Order of  Peru


Ayacucho

25 February
 Grand Collar of the Order of Prince Henry  Portugal [34]

2019

 Knight of the Collar of the Order of Isabella  Spain February 2019 [35]

the Catholic

[36]
Keys to the City of Madrid  Spain 27 February
2019

Notes[edit]

1. ^ In Peninsular Spanish, Vizcarra is pronounced [βiθˈkařa].

References[edit]
1. ^ Vizcarra, Martin (27 March 2018).  "Peru's new President
Martin Vizcarra". Peru Telegraph.
2. ^ Quigley, John (21 March 2018). "Vizcarra Set to Become
Peru's New President Facing Daunting Challenges".
Bloomberg. Retrieved 22 March  2018.
3. ^ Collyns, Dan (22 March 2018).  "Peru president Pedro
Pablo Kuczynski resigns amid corruption scandal". The
Guardian. Retrieved  22 March 2018.
4. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f g h Briceno, Franklin; Armario, Christine (23
March 2018). "Incoming Peru president a political novice
facing tough odds".  The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-
8286. Archived from  the original on 23 March 2018.
Retrieved  23 March 2018.
5. ^ "Voto Informado".  Voto Informado. Retrieved 23
March 2018.
6. ^ "Martín Vizcarra Cornejo - Peruanos Por el Kambio -
PPK".  Peruanos Por el Kambio - PPK  (in Spanish). 16
December 2015. Retrieved  23 March 2018.
7. ^ Vásquez, Rocío la Rosa (22 May 2017).  "Martín Vizcarra
renuncia al MTC tras dejar sin efecto contrato de
Chinchero".  El Comercio  (in Spanish). Retrieved  23
March 2018.
8. ^ Chávez, Paulo Rosas (23 May 2017). "Martín Vizcarra:
entre la reconstrucción y su renuncia por Chinchero
[ANÁLISIS]".  El Comercio  (in Spanish). Retrieved  23
March2018.
9. ^ "Martín Vizcarra llegó a Perú en medio de gran
expectativa [FOTOS]".  La República  (in Spanish). 20
December 2017. Retrieved  23 March 2018.
10. ^ EC, Redacción (22 March 2018).  "Martín Vizcarra: "Estoy
indignado por la situación actual"". El Comercio (in
Spanish). Retrieved  23 March 2018.
11. ^ Jump up to:a b "Martin Vizcarra Sworn In As Peru's New
President".  NPR. 23 March 2018. Retrieved  24
March 2018.
12. ^ "Vargas Llosa: "Las credenciales de Martín Vizcarra son
bastante buenas"". La República (in Spanish). 13 May
2018. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
13. ^ Jump up to:a b "Peru becomes the first country in South
America to have a climate change law".  Peru Reports. 17
April 2018. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
14. ^ Jump up to:a b "Gobierno promulgó Ley Marco de Cambio
Climático". El Comercio (in Spanish). 18 April 2018.
Retrieved  14 May  2018.
15. ^ Taj, Mitra.  "Peru president proposes referendum on
political, judicial reform". Reuters. Retrieved  17
August 2018.
16. ^ Jump up to:      Tegel, Simeon (12 August 2018). "Corruption
a b c

scandals have ensnared 3 Peruvian presidents. Now the


whole political system could change".  The Washington
Post. Retrieved  17 August 2018.
17. ^ "Referéndum | Congresistas presentan proyecto para
retirar la bicameralidad y no reelección de
congresistas".  RPP  (in Spanish). Retrieved  12
October 2018.
18. ^ Briceno, Franklin (9 December 2018). "Exit polling
indicates Peruvians vote to fight corruption".  The Miami
Herald. Retrieved  10 December  2018.
19. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f Briceno, Franklin (27 September
2019).  "Peru leader pushes vote that could let him dissolve
congress". The Washington Post. Retrieved  1
October 2019.
20. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f g h "Peru's president dissolves Congress to
push through anti-corruption reforms". The Guardian. 1
October 2019. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved  1 October  2019.
21. ^ "Peru's leader names new prime minister as he reforms
Cabinet".  Associated Press. 18 September 2017.
Retrieved  1 October  2019.
22. ^ "Presidente de Perú considera disolver Congreso si
legisladores no aprueban reforma política -
Reuters". Reuters. 29 May 2019. Retrieved  31 May  2019.
23. ^ "PERU'S POLICE AND THE JOINT COMMAND OF
PERU'S MILITARY BRANCHES SAY THEY RECOGNIZE
VIZCARRA AS PRESIDENT AND THE HEAD OF THE
ARMED FORCES AND POLICE-STATEMENTS".  Reuters.
1 October 2019. Retrieved  1 October2019.
24. ^ Jump up to:a b c "The difficulty of reforming Peru".  The
Economist. 30 January 2020.  ISSN  0013-0613. Retrieved 6
February 2020.
25. ^ "Peru's Vizcarra Begins Presidency With 57 Pct Approval
Rating". U.S. News & World Report. 15 April 2018.
Retrieved  16 April 2018.
26. ^ "El Comercio-Ipsos: El 52% aprueba la gestión de Martín
Vizcarra".  El Comercio  (in Spanish). 13 May 2018.
Retrieved  14 May  2018.
27. ^ "Peru: Protesters Demand President Close Congress,
Hold Referendum". Stratfor. 13 September 2018.
Retrieved  14 September 2018.
28. ^ Jump up to:a b "El Comercio-Ipsos: respaldo al presidente
Martín Vizcarra cae 12 puntos". El Comercio (in Spanish).
14 April 2019. Retrieved  31 May  2019.
29. ^ "Disolución del Congreso | Martín Vizcarra | 84% de
peruanos apoya la disolución del Congreso".  RPP  (in
Spanish). Retrieved  7 October  2019.
30. ^ Perú (5 October 2019). "Disolución del Congreso: 89.5%
está de acuerdo, según encuesta".  Metro International  (in
Spanish). Retrieved  8 October  2019.
31. ^ Valencia, Alexandra (16 August 2018).  "Ecuador, Peru
tighten entry requirements for Venezuelans as influx
swells". Reuters. Retrieved  17 August 2018.  Centrist
Peruvian President Martin Vizcarra took office in March ...
32. ^ Tegel, Simeon (7 June 2019).  "Showdown in Peru: What's
Next for Vizcarra's Anti-Corruption Drive?".  Americas
Quarterly. Retrieved  22 November  2019.
33. ^ "Vizcarra drops political bombshell". The Economist
Intelligence Unit. 29 July 2019. Retrieved 22
November  2019.
34. ^ "Página Oficial da Presidência da República
Portuguesa". www.presidencia.pt. Retrieved  3
October 2019.
35. ^ "Boletín Oficial del Estado"  (PDF). Retrieved 3
October 2019.
36. ^ "La alcaldesa entrega la Llave de Oro de Madrid al
presidente de Perú". Ayuntamiento de Madrid. 27 February
2019.

External links[edit]
 Media related to Martín Vizcarra at Wikimedia Commons

 Biography by CIDOB (in Spanish)

Political offices

Preceded by Succeeded by
Governor of the Moquegua Region
Jaime Rodríguez Jaime Rodríguez
2011–2014
Villanueva Villanueva

Minister of Transport and


Preceded by Succeeded by
Communications
José Gallardo Ku Bruno Giuffra
2016–2017

Preceded by First Vice President of Peru Succeeded by


Marisol Espinoza 2016–2018 Mercedes Aráoz

Preceded by President of Peru Succeeded by


Pedro Pablo Kuczynski 2018– incumbent

Diplomatic posts

Succeeded by
Preceded by Ambassador of Peru to Canada
Carlos Gil de Montes
Marcela López Bravo 2017–2018
Molinari

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Presidents of Peru

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Leaders of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

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Categories: 
 1963 births
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 Peruvian Ministers of Transport and Communications
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 Governors of the Moquegua Region
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