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API 5L SEAMLESS & WELDED PIPE


American Piping Products stocks API 5L pipe in grades B and X42 –
X120.

Scope
ANSI / API 5L speci es the manufacture of two product levels (PSL1 and
PSL2) of seamless and welded steel pipe for the use of a pipeline in the
transportation of petroleum and natural gas. For material use in a sour
service application, refer to Annex H; for o shore service application, refer
to Annex J of API 5L 45th Edition.

Process
Ingots, blooms, billets, coils or plates used for the manufacture of pipe shall
be made via basic oxygen, electric furnace or open hearth in combination
with a ladle re ning process. For PSL2, the steel shall be killed and melted
according to a ne grain practice. Coil or plate used for PSL2 pipe shall not
contain any repair welds.

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Delivery condition
PSL Delivery Condition Pipe grade
PSL1 As-rolled, normalized, normalizing formed A

As-rolled, normalizing rolled, thermomechanical


rolled, thermo-mechanical formed, normalizing
B
formed, normalized, normalized and tempered or
if agreed Q&T SMLS only

As-rolled, normalizing rolled, thermomechanical


rolled, thermo-mechanical formed, normalizing X42, X46, X52, X56, X60, X65, X70
formed, normalized, normalized and tempered

PSL 2 As-rolled BR, X42R

Normalizing rolled, normalizing formed,


BN, X42N, X46N, X52N, X56N, X60N
normalized or normalized and tempered

BQ, X42Q, X46Q, X56Q, X60Q, X65Q, X70Q,


Quenched and tempered
X80Q, X90Q, X100Q

Thermomechanical rolled or thermomechanical BM, X42M, X46M, X56M, X60M, X65M, X70M,
formed X80M

Thermomechanical rolled X90M, X100M, X120M


The su ce (R, N, Q or M) for PSL2 grades,
belongs to the steel grade

Chemical requirements
Chemical Composition for PSL 1 pipe with t ≤ 0.984”

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Click to view the chart larger

(https://www.amerpipe.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/chem-psl1.png)

Chemical Composition for PSL 2 pipe with t ≤ 0.984”

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Click to view the chart larger

(https://www.amerpipe.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/chem-psl2.png)

Mechanical properties

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Click to view the chart larger

(https://www.amerpipe.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/tensile-psl1.png)

Click to view the chart larger

(https://www.amerpipe.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/tensile-psl2.png)

Hydrostatic test

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Pipe to withstand a hydrostatic test without leakage through the weld seam
or the pipe body. Jointers need not be hydrostatic tested provide the pipe
sections used were successfully tested.

Bend test

No cracks shall occur in any portion of the test piece and no opening of the
weld shall occur.

Flattening test

Acceptance criteria for attening test shall be:

EW pipes D<12.750 in:


X60 with T 500in. There shall be no opening of the weld before the
distance between the plates is less than 66% of the original outside
diameter. For all grades and wall, 50%.
For pipe with a D/t > 10, there shall be no opening of the weld before the
distance between the plates is less than 30% of the original outside
diameter.
For other sizes refer to the full API 5L speci cation.

CVN impact test for PSL2

Many PSL2 pipe sizes and grades require CVN. Seamless pipe is to be
tested in the body. Welded pipe is to be tested in the body, pipe weld and
heat-a ected zone. Refer to the full API 5L speci cation for the chart of
sizes and grades and required absorbed energy values.

Tolerances: Outside diameter, out of roundness and wall thickness

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Click to view the chart larger

(https://www.amerpipe.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/tolerance-1.png)
Wall thickness Tolerances a

t inches inches
SMLS pipe b

≤ 0.157 -1.2

> 0.157 to < 0.948 + 0.150t / – 0.125t

+ 0.146 or + 0.1t, whichever is the greater


≥ 0.984
– 0.120 or – 0.1t, whichever is the greater

Welded pipe c,d

≤ 0.197 +/- 0.020


> 0.197 to < 0.591 +/- 0.1t

≥ 0.591 +/- 0.060

a. If the purchase order speci es a minus tolerance for wall thickness smaller than the applicable value
given in this table, the plus tolerance for wall thickness shall be increased by an amount su cient to
maintain the applicable tolerance range.

b. For pipe with D≥ 14.000 in and t≥0.984in, the wall thickness tolerance locally may exceed the plus
tolerance for wall thickness by an additional 0.05t provided that the plus tolerance for mass is not
exceeded.
c. The plus tolerance for wall thickens does not apply to the weld area

d. See the full API5L spec for full details

Reference documents

API 5L 45th Edition for full speci cation including annexes and complete
testing and reporting requirements. (https://www.amerpipe.com/wp-
content/uploads/2017/04/API5L-45th-Edition-Speci cation-for-Line-Pipe-
/
for-website.docx)

(https://www.amerpipe.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/Certi cate-
US013848-Item-1-4TU8L9W.pdf)

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00-1-636-536-1775 Fax: 636-536-1363

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