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Estimate the cooling speed in kW needed to carry 300 kg / min of CO from 450 ° C to 50 ° C,
performing the calculations using:
a) Table B2
b) Table B8

Answer:

(a)

Given information:

Mass flowrate of CO, m  300 kg min


Initial temperature of CO, Ti  450 C  723 K

T f  50 C  323 K
Final temperature of CO,

Molecular weight of CO is,


 MW   28 g/mol . Calculate molar flowrate of CO as:

m
n 
MW
kg 1000 g min
300  
min kg 60 s

g
28
mol
mol
 178.57
s

Rate of cooling is calculated as:

dQ  nC
 p dT
…… (1)

Cp
The value of is dependent on temperature according to the expression:

  
C p kJ mol  C  a  bT  cT 2  dT 3
…… (2)

Here, a, b, c, and d are the coefficients whose values are given in table B.2. For CO, these
values are:

a  28.95 103
b  0.4110 105
c  0.3548  108
d  2.220 1012

Use these values in equation (2) as:

       
C p kJ mol  C  28.95 103  0.4110 10 5 T  0.3548 10 8 T 2  2.220 10 12 T 3   
Cp
Use this expression of in equation (1) and calculate the cooling rate as;

Tf

 dQ  n  C p dT
Ti
50

Q  178.57

mol 
  
  28.95  10  0.4110  10 T  0.3548  10 T  2.220 10
s  450
3 5 8 2

12

T 3 dT    
50
 T2 T3 T4 
 
  178.57   28.95 103 T  0.4110 10 5
2
  0.3548  10 8
3
 
 2.220 10 12 
4  450
 

 2
5 50  450
2

 28.95  10 3
 50  
450   0.4110  10 2
 
  178.57   
 3
8 50  450
3
12 50  450 
4 4



  0.3548 10
3
  2.220 10  4



 2164.5 kJ s
Q  2164.5 kW

Negative sign represents that heat is withdrawn from CO.

(b)

From table B.8, the value of enthalpy for CO at 50 C and 450 C are calculated using
 

interpolation since exact values are not provided.


Formula for interpolation used is:

y2  y1
y  y1   x  x1 
x2  x1

Here, y1 and y2 are known values at x1 and x2 respectively. y is the required value at x . Use
this formula to calculate the value of enthalpy of CO at 50 C as:

T1  25 C
T2  100 C
T f  50 C
Hˆ 1  0.00 kJ mol
Hˆ 2  2.19 kJ mol
Hˆ  Hˆ 1
Hˆ f  Hˆ 1  2
T2  T1

T f  T1 
2.19  0
Hˆ f  0   50  25
100  25
Hˆ f  0.73 kJ mol

Now, calculate the value of enthalpy of CO at 450 C as:


T3  400 C
T4  500 C
Ti  450 C
Hˆ 3  11.25 kJ mol
Hˆ 4  14.38 kJ mol
Hˆ  Hˆ 3
Hˆ i  Hˆ 3  4  Ti  T3 
T4  T3
14.38  11.25
Hˆ i  11.25   450  400 
500  400
Hˆ i  12.815 kJ mol

Given information:

Mass flowrate of CO, m  300 kg min


T  450 C  723 K
Initial temperature of CO, i
T  50 C  323 K
Final temperature of CO, f

Molecular weight of CO is,


 MW   28 g/mol . Calculate molar flowrate of CO as:

m
n 
MW
kg 1000 g min
300  
min kg 60 s

g
28
mol
mol
 178.57
s

Rate of cooling using enthalpy is calculated as:


Q  n Hˆ f  Hˆ i 
  178.57   0.73  12.815 
 2158.02 kJ s
Q  2158.02 kW

Negative sign represents that heat is withdrawn from CO.