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MINI RESEARCH

RECEPTIVE WRITTEN LANGUAGE SKILLS

“DISCOURSE ANALYSIS CONTAINED IN MY FRIEND READ TWO


PHARAGHRAPS IN A GRAMMAR BOOK”

Lecturer : Puan Suri Mira Annisa Sembiring,S.Pd,M.Hum.

by :

Lily Amrina Harahap / 2191121022

ENGLISH EDUCATION

FACULTY OF LANGUAGE AND ART

MEDAN STATE UNUIVERSITY

2019
PREFACE

I give our thanks to the almighty god for all his blessings so that i can compile this
mini research report from the beginning to the end. Thank you to the lecturers of Receptive
written language skills, i do not forget to thank you very much for the help of those who have
contributed by giving their time.
I hope that this report can add insight into knowledge and experience for readers. And
i hope that in the future i can improve the form and add to the contents of my report to be
even better. Due to limited knowledge and experience i believe there are still many
shortcomings in this report. i therefore look forward to constructive criticism and suggestions
from my readers and lecturers for the perfection of our report.

Medan , Oktober 2019


TABLE OF CONTENT

Preface………………………………………………………………………………………
CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION
11. Background of Study………………………………………………………………….
12. Purpose Of TheMini Research. ………………………………………………………..
13. Benefit Of The Mini Research…………………………………………………………

CHAPTER II THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK


2.2. Reading Skills…………………………………………………………………………

CHAPTER III RESEARCH METHODS


3.1. Methodology of resarch …………………………………………………………………
3.2. Population Sample………………………………………………………………………
3.3. Instrument of the study………………………………………………………………
3.4. Methods………………………………………………………………………………..

CHAPTER IV RESULT OF RESEARCH AND DISCUSSION


4.1. Data……………………………………………………………………………………
4.2. Rasult of Research ……………………………………………………………………
4.3. Solutions …………………………………………………………………………………

CHAPTER V CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION


5.1 Conclusion……………………………………………………………………………….
5.2 Suggestion. ………………………………………………………………………………
References…………………………………………………………………………………
CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

1.1. Background Of Study

Receptive written Language instruction includes four important skills. These skills
are Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing. The main reason for isolating these skills and
discussing them separately isto highlight their importance and to impress upon the teachers to
place emphasis on their teaching and deal with them in a balanced way. Some language skills
are neglected during the classroom practice and hence they are given insufficient and
inadequate exposure.
Research shows that listening and speaking are nearly neglectedand not well
recognized. These skills are largely considered as passive skills.Receptive written longuage
skills is courses that learn about a person's language procedures in English both in terms of
reading, writing and listening. So that we are easier to learn the rules of English of course we
also have to understand more deeply about grammar. Help us in speaking English properly
andcorrectly.
 
2.2. Purpose Of The Mini Research

The purpose of the mini research is to analyze someone’s reading two pharagraphs in
the book.

3.3. Benefit Of The Mini Research

The benefit of the mini research are to fulfill the assignments of the Receptive written
longuage skills coursev where someone is expected to be fluent in english.
CHAPTER II
THEORITICAL FRAMEWORK

2.2. Reading Skills

Reading is understanding content, ideas or ideas both explicit and implicit in


reading material. Thus, understanding becomes a product that can be measured in reading
activities, not physical behavior when reading. The essence or essence of reading is
understanding . Reading skills are one of the activities that have an important role to describe
writing skills. Reading activities have become part of the needs of our daily activities, and
carried out for various purposes. For various purposes, flexible reading skills are
used.Reading skills are divided into several section :

Reading for study

You already use a range of reading styles in everyday situations. The normal
reading style that you might use for reading a novel is to read in detail, focusing on every
word in sequence from start to finish. If it is a magazine you are reading, you might flick
through the pages to see which articles are of interest. When you look in a telephone
directory for a particular name, you purposefully ignore all other entries and focus your
attention on spotting the name you want. These everyday reading skills can be applied to your
studies.

To improve your reading skills you need to:

 have clear reading goals;


 choose the right texts;
 use the right reading style;
 use note taking techniques.

Reading goals

Clear reading goals can significantly help with your reading efficiency. Not
everything in print will be of use to you. Use reading goals to select and prioritise
information according to the task in hand.

Reading goals can be:

 an essay or seminar subject;


 a report brief;
 a selected subject area;
 a series of questions about a specific topic.

Use your reading goals to help you identify the information that is relevant to your
current task.
Choosing a text

You will need to assess the text to see if it contains information that is relevant to your
reading goals.

Check the date of publication. Is the information up-to-date?

 Read the publisher's blurb at the back or inside sleeve for an overview of the content.
 Check the contents page for relevant chapters.
 Look up references for your topic in the index.

If the text does not seem relevant, discard it.

Once you have selected a text you can use the following techniques of scanning and
skimming to help you identify areas for detailed reading.

Scanning

Scanning is the technique you might use when reading a telephone directory. You pass
your vision speedily over a section of text in order to find particular words or phrases that are
relevant to your current task. You can scan:

 the introduction or preface of a text;


 the first or last paragraphs of chapters;
 the concluding or summarising chapter of a text;
 the book index.

Skimming

Skimming is the process of speedy reading for general meaning. Let your eyes skip over
sentences or phrases which contain detail. Concentrate on identifying the central or main
points. Use this technique to:

 pre-view a selection of text prior to detailed reading;


 refresh your understanding of a selection of text following detailed reading.

Detailed reading and note taking

Once you have selected useful information, you can begin to read in detail. Note taking
techniques provide a useful aid to reading. Use:

 underlining and highlighting to pick out what seem to you the most central or
important words and phrases. Do this in your own copy of texts or on photocopies -
never on borrowed texts;
 keywords to record the main headings as you read. Use one or two keywords for each
main point. Keywords can be used when you don't want to mark the text;
 questions to encourage you to take an active approach to your reading. Record your
questions as you read. They can also be used as prompts for follow up work;
 summaries to check you have understood what you have read. Pause after a section
of text and put what you have read in your own words. Skim over the text to check the
accuracy of your summary, filling in any significant gaps.

CHAPTER III

RESEARCH METHODS

3.1. Methodology Of Research


The methodology of research that i use here is the method of to analyze someone’s
reading two pharagraphs in the book.

3.2. Population Sample


The research subjects in this Research were clasmate his name is Doni Setiawan and
the object in this research was reading the teks.

3.3. Research Instruments

Data collection from this research was carried out by analyze reading a text from a
classmate.

3.4. Method

The method is used by giving several questions to the interviewers

1. Do you like english?

Sure, i like english. English is important to me. Because i can used english, i'm take
easier to got the job. And then english is internasional language that is more unique skill to
got it. I can easy when i get to aboard to travelling. You know my hobby is travelling.

2. Do you think english is difficult?

I think english not difficult. I always train and train every day to improve my
english ability. To improve my skill, i always train with speaking,listening,and written
but i first know the knowledge about the grammar of the english to make understand
what i want to do.
CHAPTER IV
RESULT OF RESEARCH AND DISCUSSION

4.1. Data

Data collection from this research was carried out by analyze reading a text from a
classmates where he read two pharagraphs in a Grammar book whose text contains.

“Albert Einstein, one of the world's most renowned scientists, didn't talk was born
in Germany in 1879. It is said that he wesn't-talleing until he was four years old, and that his
parents and others believed that he was of average intelligence, or less. When he was in
elementary school, his teachers hadn't thought he was a promising student. By the time he
was eight years old, they have already decided that he could not learn as fast as his classmates
could. Furthermore, he didn't had much interest in his classes, and he will not give time to
studying the required Latin and Greek.
The only subject that interested him was mathematics. However, even this interest
caused trouble with his teachers; Einstein has been solving mathematical problems in his own
way which was differer from the way of the prescribed curriculum. His teachers don't believe
that his future will be very bright.”

4.2. Result Of Research

The results of the research that I got from my mini research is, Doni Setiawan, my
classmates that I studied in speaking English was fluent in the pronunciation of every word
and sentence in the book.

4.3. Solutions

My solution from the results of my mini research, I suggest to my friends so that I


read or listen to music more often about English, so that English is better, it is already good,
but so that the above is better.
CHAPTER V
CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION

5.1. Conclusion

Based of the results of my analysist of reading a text from a classmates where he


read two pharagraphs in a Grammar book whose text I get information from his, that the way
he speaks English is good, it's just that he is more diligent in reading to make it smoother and
above better.

5.2. Sugesstion

My advice for this analyze my friend more often to read books, novels, articles or
anything that has to do with English, so speak more smoothly and better.
REFERENCES

Team Teaching.2018.English Grammar.Medan.English Dapartement And Arts State


University Of Medan.