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CHAPTER IV

CAD MODELING

PREFACES TO CAD MODELING

In the field of computer aided engineering, CAD modeling is the foundation of any
project and most time consuming process. It has been considered as backbone of any of
the CAE project by the designing professionals and researchers. It is the process of
elaborating computerized models of components before they will physically produce.
User can visualize their designs and deal with problems before the resources invested to
convert them into physical form. CAD models may have different forms i.e. some models
may be of two dimensional versions of an object. Others are detailed three dimensional
solids to show physical appearance. Some CAD models may be of animated
representation screening how the various components of an assembly work together
while in application. During analysis all finite element software’s consider the shapes
whatever is made in CAD model. Although most of the CAD modeling software have
potential of analysis up to some degree and most of finite element software have
capabilities to produce a CAD model directly for analysis purpose. But their off domain
capabilities are not enough for bulky and complex models which are consisting of many
typical parts or shape of the product. CAD modeling software’s are fully committed for
specialized job of 3D solid modeling. From sketcher to rendering skills, all is to do by the
single specialized software. The model of multi leaf spring includes many complicated
parts, which are tricky to model by any of CAE tool. CAD modeling of the complete leaf
spring assembly has been performed by using CATIA V5 R21 software package. CATIA
is having special tools in generating surface design to construct typical surfaces, which
are later converted into solid models. Solid model of all parts of leaf spring assembly are
then pull together to make a complete structure. The process of assembly is very much
analogous to general process of fabricating structures while real production. The CATIA
software not only permits the CAD modeling but also the drafting feature which enables
us to view the various sectioned and oblique projections of the assembly. Drafting feature
also facilitates to specify the different dimensioning technique on 2D planer views. This
feature shows the commercial application and advantage of CATIA as compared to other
CAD modeling software.CAD model of conventional spring under consideration in the
present work consist of part modeling of individual component which are later assembled
together while assembly design.

Figure 4.1: Springs having circular cross section

Table 1: Dimensions of Helical Spring


Description Dimension Value
Wire dia. (d) 33.5 mm
Outer Dia (Do) 244.5 mm
Mean Dia (D) 211 mm
Free Height (Hf) 360 mm
Test Load (W) 19.6 KN (on each spring)
No. of Active Coils (n) 8
Pitch 63 mm
Figure 4.2: Springs having Rectangular section

Figure 4.3: Springs having Square section


Figure 4.4: Springs having Hexagonal section

Figure 4.5: Springs having Triangular section