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Come, Holy Spirit,

fill the hearts of your faithful
and enkindle in them
the fire of your love.

Leader: Send forth your Spirit and they shall

be created.

All: And you shall renew the face of the


Leader: St John Baptist de la Salle

All: Pray for us.
Leader: Live Jesus in our hearts
All: Forever
How the Bible Came About
Condensed from Jerome Kodell (NAB)

The Bible and History

Condensed from Paul Jurkuwitz (NAB)
The Bible
• via Old French (le bible) from ecclesiastical
Latin biblia
• from Koinē Greek: τὰ βιβλία (ta) biblia ‘(the)
books’, from biblion ‘book’, originally a
diminutive of biblos ‘papyrus, scroll’, of
Semitic origin.
• The Word of God in the words of peoples
Bible: Word of God
in the Words of People
• Unacceptable theories:
1. Divine dictation theory: God dictate everything.
NOT accepted because God respect human
freedom and there are differences in the biblical
2. Negative assistance theory: humans did all the
work and God only assisted to prevent humans
from making human errors. NOT accepted
because the Bible has the unique character of
being God’s word
Bible: Word of God
in the Words of People
• Unacceptable theories:
3. Subsequent approbation: humans wrote everything, God
only approved it later. NOT accepted because the writers were
aware of God’s inspiration (ex 2 Tim 3:16)

NOT these 3!
God was uniquely involved in the whole process of the
people’s experience of God’s presence and their writing about
it, using their human insights and abilities, the various modes
of oral and written transmission available to them back then
and subject to the contingencies of history.
How the writing of the Bible came about
The Old Testament in Hebrew
The Old
Testament in
New Testament in Greek
• 33 but I was let down in a basket through a window
in the wall,[c] and escaped from his hands.
• 12 It is necessary to boast; nothing is to be gained
by it, but I will go on to visions and revelations of
the Lord. 2 I know a person in Christ who fourteen
years ago was caught up to the third heaven—
whether in the body or out of the body I do not
know; God knows. 3 And I know that such a
person—whether in the body or out of the body I
do not know; God knows— 4 was caught up into
Paradise and heard things that are not to be told,
that no mortal is permitted to repeat. 5 On behalf of
such a one I will boast, but on my own behalf I will
not boast, except of my weaknesses. 6 But if I wish
to boast, I will not be a fool, for I will be speaking
the truth. But I refrain from it, so that no one may
think better of me than what is seen in me or heard
from me, 7 even considering the exceptional
character of the revelations. Therefore, to keep[d]
me from being too elated, a thorn was given me in
the flesh, a messenger of Satan to torment me, to
keep me from being too elated.[e] 8 Three times I
appealed to the Lord about this, that it would leave
me, 9 but he said to me, “My grace is sufficient for
you, for power[f] is made perfect in weakness.” So, I
will boast all the more gladly of my weaknesses, so
that the power of Christ may dwell in me.

Papyrus 46, one of the oldest New Testament papyri, showing 2 Cor 11:33-12:9
Bible Online Versions and Translations
Book/Letter Title Chapter: Verse ex. Gen 1:1
Book/Letter Title Chapter: Verse ex. 1 Cor 1:1
Book/Letter Title Chapter, Verse ex. Gen 1,1

1 Cor 1:1-2, 6
1 Cor 1:1-2; 3:1,6
of the
Israel’s History
• Patriarchs ▪ Kingdoms divided
• Egypt/Exodus ▪ Conquest (by
• Conquest (of Canaan) Assyrians)
– Occupation ▪ Conquest (by
• Chieftains/Judges
▪ Exile
• Kingdom ▪ Post-exilic Period
• Greeks
• Romans
• Revolt & Destruction
• Restitution/Restoration