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10/7/2018

Lateral Stability CE 133 Cheat Sheet

Table 06-2

• Slenderness Ratio RB – measure of tendency of a


member to buckle laterally due to insufficient
lateral support
𝐥𝐞 𝐝
𝐑𝐁 =
𝐛𝟐
b = beam thickness
d = beam depth
le = effective unbraced length
= based on unbraced length, type of span,
loading condition and lu/d ratio

• Acceptable range of slenderness ratio: 0 ≤ RB ≤


50

10/7/2018 Beam Analysis and Design 1

Lateral Stability
Beam Stability factor, CL The formula is result of the column studies of Ylinen and
is confirmed by the work done at the Forest Products
∗ ∗ 2 ∗ Laboratory (FPL) as part of a unified treatment of
1 + 𝐹𝑏𝐸 𝐹𝑏𝑥 1 + 𝐹𝑏𝐸 𝐹𝑏𝑥 𝐹𝑏𝐸 𝐹𝑏𝑥
𝐶𝐿 = − − combined axial and bending loads for wood members.
1.9 1.9 0.95

𝐹𝑏𝐸 = Euler-based ASD critical buckling value


for bending members

1.20𝐸𝑚𝑖𝑛
= 2
𝑅𝐵
𝑝𝑟𝑜𝑑𝑢𝑐𝑡 𝑜𝑓 𝑎𝑝𝑝𝑙𝑖𝑐𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒

𝐹𝑏𝑥 = 𝐹𝑏𝑥 × 𝑎𝑑𝑗𝑢𝑠𝑡𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝑓𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑠
𝑒𝑥𝑐𝑒𝑝𝑡 𝐶𝑓𝑢 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝐶𝐿

𝐸𝑚𝑖𝑛 = 𝑎𝑑𝑗𝑢𝑠𝑡𝑒𝑑 𝑚𝑜𝑑𝑢𝑙𝑢𝑠 𝑜𝑓 𝑒𝑙𝑎𝑠𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑦
𝑓𝑜𝑟 𝑙𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑙 𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑠𝑖𝑜𝑛𝑎𝑙 𝑏𝑢𝑐𝑘𝑙𝑖𝑛𝑔

10/7/2018 Beam Analysis and Design 2

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10/7/2018

Deflection Limits

10/7/2018 Beam Analysis and Design 3

Bearing Stress at an Angle to Grain


𝑷
𝒇𝜽 =
𝑨𝒃
𝑓𝜃 = bearing at an angle to grain
= bearing at the sloped rafter
𝑃 = reaction at the beam or header support
𝐴𝑏 = contact area or bearing area

𝒇𝜽 ≤ 𝑭𝜽⊥

𝑭∗𝑪 𝑭′𝑪⊥
𝑭𝜽 ′ =
𝑭∗𝑪 𝐬𝐢𝐧𝟐 𝜽 + 𝑭′𝑪⊥ 𝐜𝐨𝐬 𝟐 𝜽

𝐹𝐶∗ = allowable bearing stress parallel to the grain of


the sloped member excluding stability factor

𝐹𝐶⊥ = allowable bearing stress perpendicular to the
grain of the sloped member
𝜃 = angle between the direction of the reaction or
bearing stress and the direction of the grain (of
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the member being considered)

2
𝑤𝐿4
max ∆ =
8𝐸′𝐼

9/27/2019 Beam Analysis and Design 1