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NURSING FOUNDATIONS I

PLACEMENT: 1st SEMESTER THEORY: 6 Credits (120 Hours)


(Skill Lab): 2 Credits (80 hours)
DESCRIPTION: This course is designed to help novice nursing students develop knowledge
and competencies required to provide evidence-based, comprehensive basic nursing care for
adult patients, using nursing process approach.

COMPETENCIES
On completion of the course, the students will be able to

1. Develop understanding about the concept of health, illness and scope of nursing within
health care services
2. Apply values, code of ethics and professional conduct in professional life
3. Apply the principles and methods of effective communication in establishing
communication links with patients, families and other health team members
4. Develop skill in recording and reporting
5. Demonstrate competency in monitoring and documenting vital signs
6. Develop understanding about fundamentals of health assessment and perform health
assessment in supervised clinical settings
7. Describe the principles and techniques of infection control and biomedical waste
management
8. Identify and meet the comfort needs of the patients
9. Perform admission, transfer, and discharge of a patient under supervision applying the
knowledge
10. Demonstrate understanding and application of knowledge in caring for patients with
restricted mobility
11. Identify the educational needs of patients and demonstrate basic skills of patient
education.
COURSE OUTLINE
TIME LEARNING TEACHING ASSESSMENT
U (HRS) OUTCOMES CONTENT LEARNING METHODS
NT & ACTIVITIE
I L/SL S
T
I 5T Describe the Introduction to health and illness  Lecture  Essay
concept of health  Concept of Health: Definitions  Discussion  Short
and illness (WHO), Dimensions answers
 Maslow’s hierarchy of needs  Objective
 Health - Illness continuum type
 Factors influencing health
 Causes and risk factors for
developing illnesses
 Illness: Types, Illness behavior
 Impact of illness on patient and
family
II 5 T Describe the Health Care delivery Systems:  Lecture  Essay
2L levels of Illness Introduction of basic concepts &  Discussion  Short
prevention and meanings  Experiential Answers
care, health care  Levels of Illness Prevention- learning –  Objective
Visit
services primary (health promotion), to Primary type
secondary and tertiary Health Centre
 Levels of care-Primary, Secondary (observation  Visit report
and Tertiary of real
 Types of health care agencies/ Services- settings)
Hospitals, clinics, Hospice,
rehabilitation centres, extended care
facilities
 Hospitals: Types, Organization and
Functions
 Health care teams in hospitals-members
and their
Role
III 12 T History of Nursing and Nursing as a
Trace the history profession  Lecture
of Nursing  Discussion  Essay
 History of Nursing, History of  Case discussion  Short
Explain the Nursing in India  Role plays answers
concept, nature and  Objective
 Contributions of Florence Nightingale
scope of nursing type
 Nursing:
Definition- Nurse, Nursing,
Describe values, Concepts, philosophy, objectives,
code of ethics and Characteristics, nature and Scope of
professional Nursing/ Nursing practice, Functions
conduct for nurses of nurse, Qualities of a nurse,
in India Categories of nursing personnel
 Nursing as a profession-
Definition and Characteristics/ criteria
of profession
 Values: Introduction-meaning and
importance
 Code of ethics and professional
conduct for nurses-Introduction
IV 8T Communication and Nurse  Lecture  Essay
3L Describe the patient relationship  Discussion  Short
process,  Communication: Levels, Elements  Role play Answers
principles, and and Process, Types, Modes, and video film  Objective
types of Factors influencing on type
communication communication Therapeutic
 Methods of effective Communicatio
communication/ Therapeutic n
Communication Techniques
Explain  Barriers to effective communication
therapeutic, non / Nontherapeutic Communication
therapeutic and techniques
professional  Professional communication
communication  Helping Relationships (Nurse Patient
Relationship): Purposes and Phases
Communicate  Communicating effectively with
effectively with patient, families and team members
patients, their  Maintaining effective human relations
families and team
members and communication with vulnerable
groups (children, women, physically
and mentally challenged and elderly)
V 4T Documentation and Reporting  Lecture  Essay
2L Describe the  Documentation: Purposes of  Discussion  Short
purposes, types Reports and Records  Demonstra Answers
and techniques of  Confidentiality tion  Objective
recording and  Types of Client records/ Common type
reporting Record-keeping forms
 Methods/ Systems of
documentation/ Recording
Maintain records  Guidelines for documentation
and reports  Do’s and Don’ts of documentation/
accurately Legal guidelines for Documentation/
Recording
 Reporting: Change-of shift
reports, Transfer reports, Incident
reports
VI 15 T Vital signs
20 L Describe  Guidelines for taking vital signs  Lecture  Essay
principles and  Body temperature:  Discussion  Short
techniques of o Definition, Physiology, Regulation,  Demonst
monitoring and ration answers
Factors affecting body temperature
maintaining vital and Re-  Objective
o Assessment of body temperature: type
signs sites, equipment and technique demonst
ration  Document the
o Temperature alterations: given
Hyperthermia, Heat Cramps, Heat values of
Exhaustion, Heatstroke, Hypothermia temperature,
o Fever/ Pyrexia- Definition, pulse, and
Causes, Stages, Types, respiration in
• Nursing Management the
Assess and o Hot and Cold applications graphic
record vital signs
accurately  Pulse: sheet
o Definition, Physiology and
Regulation, Characteristics, Factors
affecting pulse
o Assessment of pulse: sites,
equipment and technique
o Alterations in pulse
 Respiration:
o Definition, Physiology and
Regulation, Mechanics of breathing,
Characteristics, Factors affecting
respiration
o Assessment of respirations:
technique
o Arterial Oxygen saturation
o Alterations in respiration
 Blood pressure:
o Definition, Physiology and
Regulation, Characteristics, Factors
affecting BP
o Assessment of BP: sites,
equipment and technique, Common
Errors in BP Assessment
o Alterations in Blood Pressure
 Documenting Vital Signs
VII 25 T Describe the Health assessment  Essay
10 L purpose and  Interview techniques  Modular  Short
process of health  Observation techniques learning Health Answers
assessment  Purposes of health assessment assessment  Objective
 Process of Health assessment module type
o Health history  Lecture
o Physical examination: cum
Discussion
 Methods- Inspection,
 Demonstratio
Palpation, Percussion,
n
Auscultation, Olfaction
 Preparation for examination:
patient and unit
 General assessment
 Assessment of each body
system
 Documenting health assessment
findings
VIII 3 T Maintain Equipment and Linen
equipment and  Types: Disposables and reusable
linen o Linen, rubber goods, glassware,
metal, plastics, furniture
 Introduction: Indent, maintenance,
Inventory

IX 10 T Describe the basic Introduction to Infection control  Lecture


4L principles and in Clinical setting Infection  Discussion  Essay
techniques of • Nature of infection,  Demonstratio  Short
infection control • Chain of infection n answers
and biomedical • Types of infection  Observation  Objective
waste • Stages of infection of type
management • Factors increasing susceptibility to autoclaving
infection
• Body defenses against infection: and other
Inflammatory response & Immune sterilization
response techniques
• Health care associated infection  Visit to
(Nosocomial infection)
Introductory concept of Asepsis: Infection
Medical & Surgical asepsis Control
Precautions Departm
 Hand Hygiene ent
 ( Hand washing and use of
hand Rub)
 Use of Personal Protective
Equipment (PPE)
 Standard precautions
Biomedical Waste management- Types
of hospital waste, waste segregation and
hazards

X 12 T Identify and meet Comfort, Rest & Sleep and Pain  Lecture  Essay
20 L the comfort needs  Comfort –  Discussion  Short
of the patients o Factors  Demonstrati answers
Influencing on and re
 Objective
Comfort demonstratio
n type
o Types of beds &
bed making
o Therapeutic positions
o Comfort devices
 Sleep and Rest -
o Physiology of sleep
o Factors affecting sleep
o Promoting Rest and sleep
o Sleep Disorders
 Pain (Discomfort)
o Physiology
o Common cause of pain
o Types
o Assessment
o Pharmacological and Non-
pharmacological pain
relieving measures
o Invasive techniques of
pain management
o CAM (Complementary &
Alternative healing
Modalities)
XI 3 T Describe the Promoting Safety in Health  Lecture  Essay
5L concept of patient Care Environment  Discussion  Short
environment  Physical environment:  Demonstration answers
Temperature, Humidity, Noise,  Objective
Ventilation, Light, Odor, Pest type
control

 Reduction of Physical hazards:


fire, accidents
 Fall Risk Assessment
 Role of nurse in providing safe
and clean environment
 Safety devices:
o Restraints- Types, Purposes,
Indications, Legal
Implications and Consent,
Application of Restraints-
Skill and Practice guidelines
Other Safety Devices: Side rails, Grab
bars, Ambu alarms, non-skid slippers
etc.
XII 6 T Explain and Hospital Admission and  Lecture
2L perform discharge  Discussion  Essay
admission,  Admission to the hospital Unit  Demonstration  Short
transfer, and and preparation of unit answers
discharge of a o Admission bed  Objective
patient o Admission procedure type
o Medico-legal issues
o Roles and Responsibilities of
the nurse
 Discharge from the hospital
o Types: Planned discharge,
LAMA and Abscond,
Referrals and transfers
o Discharge Planning
o Discharge procedure
o Medico-legal issues
o Roles and Responsibilities of
the nurse
oCare of the unit after discharge
XII 8 T Demonstrate skill Mobility and Immobility  Lecture  Essay
I 10 L in caring for  Elements of Normal Movement,  Discussion  Short
patients with Alignment & Posture, Joint Mobility,  Demonstration answers
Balance, Coordinated Movement & Re-
restricted mobility  Principles of body mechanics  Objective
demonstration type
 Factors affecting Body Alignment and
activity
 Exercise- Types and benefits
 Effects of Immobility
 Maintenance of normal Body Alignment
and Activity
 Alteration in Body Alignment and
mobility
 Nursing interventions for impaired Body
Alignment and Mobility: assessment,
types, devices used, method
o Range of motion exercises
o Muscle strengthening exercises
o Maintaining body alignment:
positions
o Moving
o Lifting
o Transferring
o Walking
 Assisting clients with ambulation
 Care of patients with Immobility using
Nursing process approach
 Care of patients with casts and splints
Patient education  Essay
Describe the principles  Patient Teaching: Importance,  Short
XI 4T and practice of patient Purposes, Process  Discussion answers
V 2L education  Integrating nursing process in patient Role plays  Objective
teaching type
NURSING FOUNDATIONS - II

NURSING FOUNDATIONS II (SEMESTER II)

THEORY: 6 Credits (120


Hours) (Lab-L/Skill Lab-SL): 3 Credits
(120hours)
1. Identify and meet the hygienic needs of patients
2. Demonstrate fundamental skills of assessment, planning, implementation and
evaluation of nursing care using Nursing process approach in supervised clinical
settings
3. Assess the Nutritional needs of patients and provide relevant care under supervision
4. Identify and meet the elimination needs of patient
5. Interpret findings of specimen testing applying the knowledge of normal values
6. Promote oxygenation based on identified oxygenation needs of patients under
supervision
7. Review the concept of fluid, electrolyte balance integrating the knowledge of
applied physiology
8. Apply the knowledge of the principles, routes, effects of administration of medications
in administering medication
9. Calculate conversions of drugs and dosages within and between systems of
measurements
10. Demonstrate knowledge and understanding in caring for patients with altered
functioning of sense organs and unconsciousness
11. Explain loss, death and grief
12. Describe sexual development and sexuality
13. Identify stressors and stress adaptation modes
14. Integrate the knowledge of culture and cultural differences in meeting the spiritual
needs
15. Explain the introductory concepts relevant to models of health and illness in patient
care
16. Perform first aid measures during emergencies
*Module used in teaching/learning:
II Semester: First Aid-40 Hours (including Basic CPR)
COURSE OUTLINE

TIME LEARNING TEACHING ASSESSMENT


U (HRS) OUTCOMES CONTENT LEARNING METHODS
NI T & ACTIVITIES
T L/SL

I 5T Identify and meet the Hygiene  Lecture


15 L hygienic needs of  Factors Influencing Hygienic Practice  Discussion  Essay
patients  Hygienic care: Indications and purposes,  Demonstration  Short
effects of neglected care answers
o Care of the Skin- (Bath, Objective
feet and nail, Hair Care) type
o Care of pressure points
o Assessment of Pressure
Ulcers using Braden Scale
and Norton Scale
o Pressure ulcers- causes,
stages and manifestations,
care and prevention
o Perineal care/Meatal care
o Oral care, Care of Eyes,
Ears and Nose including
assistive devices (eye
glasses, contact lens,
dentures, hearing aid)

Describe The Nursing Process  Lecture  Essay


I 14 T assessment,  Critical Thinking Competencies,  Discussion  Short
I7L planning, Attitudes for Critical Thinking,  Demonstration answers
implementation and Supervised
evaluation of Levels of critical thinking in  Objective
Nursing Clinical type
nursing care using practice
Nursing process  Nursing Process Overview Evaluation
approach o Assessment of care plan
 Collection of Data: Types, Sources,
Methods
 Organizing Data
 Validating Data
 Documenting Data
o Nursing Diagnosis
 Identification of client
problems, risks and strengths
 Nursing diagnosis statement- parts,
Types, Formulating, Guidelines for
formulating Nursing Diagnosis
 NANDA approved diagnoses
 Difference between medical and
nursing diagnosis
o Planning
Types of planning
Establishing Priorities
Establishing Goals and Expected
Outcomes- Purposes, types,
guidelines, Components of goals and
outcome statements
Types of Nursing Interventions,
Selecting interventions: Protocols
and Standing Orders
Introduction to Nursing
Intervention Classification and
Nursing Outcome Classification
Guidelines for writing care plan
o Implementation
 Process of Implementing the
plan of care
 Types of care - Direct and
Indirect
o Evaluation
 Evaluation Process, Documentation
and Reporting
III 5 T Identify and meet Nutritional needs
5L the Nutritional  Importance  Lecture
needs of patients  Factors affecting nutritional needs  Essay
 Discussion
 Assessment of nutritional status  Demonstration  Short
 Review: special diets- Solid, Liquid,  Exercise answers
Soft  Supervised  Objective
 Review on therapeutic diets Clinical practice type
 Care of patient with Dysphagia,  Evaluation
Anorexia, Nausea, Vomiting of
 Meeting Nutritional needs: Principles, nutritional
equipment, procedure, indications assessmen t
o Oral & diet
o Enteral: Nasogastric/ Orogastric, planning
o Introduction to other enteral feeds-
types, indications, Gastrostomy,
Jejunostomy
o Parenteral- TPN
I 10 T Identify and Elimination needs  Lecture
V 10 L meet the  Urinary Elimination  Discussion  Essay
elimination o Review of Physiology of Urine  Demonstration  Short
needs of patient Elimination, Composition and answers
characteristics of urine  Objective
o Factors Influencing type
Urination
o Alteration in Urinary Elimination
o Facilitating urine elimination:
assessment, types, equipment,
procedures and special
considerations
o Providing urinal/bed pan
o Care of patients with
 Condom drainage
 Intermittent Catheterization
 Indwelling Urinary catheter and
urinary drainage
 Urinary diversions
 Bladder irrigation

 Bowel Elimination
o Review of Physiology of Bowel
Elimination, Composition and
characteristics of feces
o Factors affecting Bowel
elimination
o Alteration in Bowel Elimination
o Facilitating bowel elimination:
Assessment, equipment,
procedures
 Enemas
 Suppository
 Bowel wash
 Digital Evacuation of impacted
feces
 Care of patients with Ostomies
(Bowel Diversion Procedures)

V 4T Explain various Diagnostic testing  Lecture


3L types of  Phases of diagnostic testing (pre-test,  Discussion
intra-test & post-test) in Common  Demonstration  Essay
specimens and
investigations and clinical implications  Short
identify normal
values of tests o Complete Blood Count answers
o Serum Electrolytes  Objective
Develop skill in o LFT type
specimen o Lipid/Lipoprotein profile
collection, o Serum Glucose- AC, PC, HbA1c
o Monitoring Capillary Blood Glucose
handling and
(Glucometer Random Blood Sugar-
transport GRBS)
o Stool Routine Examination
o Urine Testing- Albumin, Acetone,
pH, Specific Gravity
o Urine Culture, Routine, Timed
Urine Specimen
o Sputum culture
o Overview of Radiologic &
Endoscopic Procedures
VI 11 T Assess patients Oxygenation needs  Lecture  Essay
10 L for oxygenation  Review of Cardiovascular and  Discussion  Short
needs, promote Respiratory Physiology  Demonstration & answers
oxygenation and  Factors affecting respiratory functioning Re-  Objective
provide care  Alterations in Respiratory Functioning demonstration type
during oxygen  Conditions affecting
therapy o airway
o movement of air
o diffusion
o Oxygen transport
 Alterations in oxygenation
 Nursing interventions to promote
oxygenation: assessment, types,
equipment used & procedure
o Maintenance of patent airway
o Oxygen administration
o Suctioning- oral, tracheal
o Chest physiotherapy-
Percussion, Vibration &
Postural drainage
o Care of Chest drainage- principles
& purposes
o Pulse Oximetry- Factors affecting
measurement of oxygen saturation
using pulse oximeter,
Interpretation

 Restorative & continuing care


o Hydration
o Humidification
o Coughing techniques
o Breathing exercises
o Incentive spirometry

VII 7T Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid – Base  Lecture


8L Describe the Balances  Discussion  Essay
concept of fluid,  Review of Physiological Regulation of  Demonstration  Short
electrolyte Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid – Base answers
Balances  Objective
balance
 Factors Affecting Fluid, Electrolyte, and type
Acid – Base Balances  Problem
 Disturbances in fluid volume: solving-
o Deficit- calculation s
 Hypovolemia
 Dehydration
o Excess-
 Fluid overload
 Edema
 Electrolyte imbalances (hypo and hyper)
o Acid-base imbalances
 Metabolic- acidosis & alkalosis
 Respiratory- acidosis & alkalosis
oIntravenous therapy
 Peripheral venipuncture sites
 Types of IV fluids
 Calculation for making IV fluid
plan
 Complications of IV fluid therapy
 Measuring fluid intake and output
 Administering Blood and Blood
components
 Restricting fluid intake
 Enhancing Fluid intake
VIII 22 T Administration of Medications  Lecture
20 L Explain the  Introduction-Definition of Medication,  Discussion  Essay
principles, routes, Administration of Medication, Drug  Demonstration &  Short
effects of Nomenclature, Effects of Drugs, Forms Redemonstration answers
administration of of Medications, Purposes,
 Objective
medications Pharmacodynamics and type
Pharmacokinetics
 Factors influencing Medication Action
Calculate  Medication orders and Prescriptions
conversions of  Systems of measurement
drugs and  Medication dose calculation
dosages within  Principles, 10 rights of Medication
and between Administration
systems of  Errors in Medication administration
measurements  Routes of administration
 Storage and maintenance of drugs and
Nurses responsibility
 Terminologies and abbreviations used in
Administer oral prescriptions and medications orders
and topical
 Developmental considerations
medication and
document  Oral, Sublingual and Buccal routes:
accurately under Equipment, procedure
supervision  Introduction to Parenteral Administration
of Drugs- Intramuscular, Intravenous,
Subcutaneous, Intradermal:
Location of site, Advantages and
disadvantages of the specific sites,
Indication and contraindications for the
different routes and sites.
 Equipment- Syringes & needles,
cannulas, Infusion sets - parts, types,
sizes
 Types of vials and ampoules, Preparing
Injectable medicines from vials and
ampoules
o Care of equipment: decontamination and
disposal of syringes, needles, infusion
sets
o Prevention of Needle-Stick Injuries
 Topical Administration: Types,
purposes, site, equipment, procedure
o Application to skin & mucous
membrane
o Direct application of liquids,
Gargle and swabbing the throat
o Insertion of Drug into body cavity:
Suppository/ medicated packing in
rectum/vagina
o Instillations: Ear, Eye, Nasal,
Bladder, and Rectal
o Irrigations: Eye, Ear, Bladder,
Vaginal and Rectal
o Spraying: Nose and throat
 Inhalation: Nasal, oral, endotracheal/
tracheal (steam, oxygen and
medications)- purposes, types,
equipment, procedure, recording and
reporting of medications administered
 Other Parenteral Routes: Meaning of
epidural, intrathecal, intraosseous,
intraperitoneal, intrapleural, intraarterial

IX 7 Provide care to Sensory needs  Lecture


T patients with  Introduction  Discussion  Essay
4 altered  Components of sensory experience-  Demonstration  Short
L functioning of Reception, Perception & Reaction answers
sense organs  Arousal Mechanism  Objective
and  Factors affecting sensory function type
unconsciousne  Assessment of Sensory alterations-
ss in sensory deficit, deprivation, overload &
supervised sensory poverty
clinical  Management
practice o Promoting meaningful
communication (patients with
Aphasia, artificial airway &
Visual and Hearing
impairment)

Care of Unconscious Patients


 Unconsciousness: Definition, causes &
risk factors, pathophysiology, stages of
Unconsciousness, Clinical
Manifestations
 Assessment and nursing management of
patient with unconsciousness,
complications

Care of Terminally ill, death and dying  Lecture  Essay


X 5 T Explain loss, Loss- Types  Discussion  Short
5 L death and grief Grief, Bereavement & Mourning  Case discussions answers
Types of Grief responses
Manifestations of Grief
 Factors influencing Loss & Grief  Objective
Responses type
 Theories of Grief & Loss-Kubler Ross
5 Stages of Dying
 The R Process model (Rando’s)
 Death- Definition, Meaning, Types
(Brain & Circulatory Deaths)
 Signs of Impending Death  Death care/last
 Dying patient’s Bill of Rights office
 Care of Dying Patient
 Physiological changes occurring after
Death
 Death Declaration, Certification,
Autopsy,
Embalming
 Last office/Death Care
 Counseling & supporting grieving
relatives
 Placing body in the Mortuary
 Releasing body from Mortuary
 Overview- Medico-legal Cases, Advance
directives, DNI/DNR, Organ Donation,
Euthanasia
PSYCHOSOCIAL NEEDS (A-D)
 Lecture
XI 3T Develop basic A. Self-concept  Discussion  Essay
understanding of  Introduction  Demonstration  Short
self- concept  Components (Personal Identity, Body  Case answers
Image, Role Performance, Self Esteem) Discussion/
 Factors affecting Self Concept  Objective
Role play type
 Nursing Management
XII 2T Describe sexual B. Sexuality  Lecture  Essay
development  Sexual development throughout life  Discussion  Short
and sexuality  Sexual health  Demonstration answers
 Sexual orientation  Objective
 Factors affecting sexuality
 Prevention of STIs, unwanted pregnancy, type
avoiding sexual harassment and abuse
 Dealing with inappropriate sexual
behavior

XIII C. Stress and Adaptation-Introductory  Lecture  Essay


3T Describe stress concepts  Discussion  Short
and  Introduction  Demonstration answers
3L adaptation  Sources, Effects, Indicators & Types of  Objective
Stress type
 Types of stressors
 Stress Adaptation- General Adaptation
Syndrome (GAS), Local Adaptation
Syndrome (LAS)
Manifestation of stress- Physical &
psychological
 Coping strategies/ Mechanisms
 Stress Management
o Assist with coping and
adaptation
o Creating therapeutic
environment
 Recreational and diversion therapies

XIV 6 Explain culture D. Concepts of Cultural Diversity and  Lecture  Essay


T and cultural Spirituality  Discussion  Short
norms  Cultural diversity answers
o Cultural Concepts- Culture,  Objective
Subculture, Multicultural, Diversity,
type
Integrate Race, Acculturation, Assimilation
cultural o Transcultural Nursing
differences and o Cultural Competence
spiritual needs o Providing Culturally Responsive Care
in providing  Spirituality
care to patients o Concepts- Faith, Hope, Religion,
under Spirituality, Spiritual Wellbeing
supervision o Factors affecting Spirituality
o Spiritual Problems in Acute, Chronic,
Terminal illnesses & Near-Death
Experience
o Dealing with Spiritual
Distress/Problems

XV 6 Explain the Nursing Theories: Introduction  Lecture  Essay


T significance of  Meaning &Definition, Purposes, Types of  Discussion  Short
nursing theories theories with examples, Overview of answers
selected nursing theories- Nightingale,  Objective
Orem, Roy
 Use of theories in nursing practice type
XVI 20 T Explain and First Aid & Emergencies *  Lecture
20 L apply  Definition, Basic Principles, Scope &  Discussion  Essay
principles of Rules  Demonstration &  Short
First Aid  First Aid Management Re- answers
during o Wounds, Hemorrhage & Shock demonstration  Objective
emergencies o Musculoskeletal Injuries: Fractures,  Module type
Dislocation, Muscle injuries completion
 OSCE
o Transportation of Injured persons National
Disaster
o Respiratory Emergencies & Basic Management
CPR Authority
o Unconsciousness (NDMA) First
o Foreign Bodies- Skin, Eye, Ear, aid module
Nose, Throat & Stomach
o Burns & Scalds
o Poisoning, Bites & stings
o Frostbite & Effects of Heat
o Community Emergencies
NURSING FOUNDATIONS I & II – (SKILL LAB & CLINICAL)

PLACEMENT: Semester I & II


Skill Lab: 200 (80+120) hours
Clinical: 480 (160 + 320) hours

Semester I- Lab 80 Hours (2 Credits), Clinical- 160 Hours (2 Credits)


Semester II- Lab- 120 Hours (3 Credits), Clinical- 320 Hours (4 Credits)

COMPETENCIES
SEMESTER I

On completion of the course, the students will be able to


1. Maintain effective human relations (projecting professional image)
2. Communicate effectively with patient, families and team members
3. Demonstrate skills in techniques of recording and reporting
4. Demonstrate skill in monitoring vital signs
5. Care for patients with altered vital signs
6. Perform health assessment of each body system
7. Demonstrate skill in implementing standard precautions and use of PPE
8. Demonstrate skill in meeting the comfort needs of the patients
9. Provide safe and clean environment
10. Demonstrate skill in admission, transfer, and discharge of a patient
11. Demonstrate skill in caring for patients with restricted mobility
12. Plan and provide appropriate health teaching following the principles.

SEMESTER II

13. Implement basic nursing techniques in meeting hygienic needs of patients


14. Develop skills in assessment, planning, implementation and evaluation of nursing care
using Nursing process approach
15. Identify and meet the Nutritional needs of patients
16. Plan and Implement care to meet the elimination needs of patient
17. Develop skills in instructing and collecting samples for investigation.
18. Perform simple lab tests and analyze & interpret common diagnostic values
19. Identify patients with impaired oxygenation and demonstrate skill in caring for
patients with impaired oxygenation
20. Identify and demonstrate skill in caring for patients with fluid, electrolyte and acid –
base imbalances
21. Assess, plan, implement & evaluate the basic care needs of patients with altered
functioning of sense organs and unconsciousness
22. Care for terminally ill and dying patients
23. Identify stress and assist patients to adopt various coping strategies
24. Acquire skills in assessing and performing First Aid during emergencies

Skill Lab
Use of mannequins and simulators

S. NO COMPETENCIES MODE OF DEMONSTRATION


Semester I
1. Therapeutic Communication and Role Play
Documentation
2. Vital signs Simulator/ Standardized patient
3. Physical Examination Simulator/ Mannequin /
Standardized patient
4. Medical and Surgical Asepsis -
5. Pain Assessment Standardized patient
6. Comfort Devices Mannequin
7. Therapeutic Positions Mannequin
8. Physical Restraints and Side rails Mannequin
9. ROM Exercises Standardized patient
10. Ambulation Standardized patient
11. Moving and Turning patients in bed Mannequin
12. Changing position of helpless patients Mannequin/ Standardized patient
13. Transferring patients bed to stretcher/ Mannequin/ Standardized patient
wheel chair
14. Admission, Transfer, Discharge & Role Play
Health Teaching
Semester II
15. Sponge bath, oral hygiene, perineal care Mannequin
16. Nutritional Assessment Standardized Patient
17. Nasogastric tube feeding Trainer/ Simulator
18. Providing bed pan & urinal Mannequin
19. Catheter care Catheterization Trainer
20. Bowel wash, enema, insertion of Simulator/ Mannequin
suppository
21. Oxygen administration- face mask, Mannequin
venture mask, nasal prongs
22. Administration of medication through IM injection trainer, ID injection
Parenteral route- IM, SC, ID, IV trainer, IV arm (Trainer)
23. Last Office Mannequin
24. CPR CPR Mannequin
SEMESTER I- 10 weeks- 16 hours/ week

CLINICAL POSTINGS- General Medical/Surgical

Wards

Clinical Duration Learning Outcomes Procedural Clinical Assessment


Unit in Weeks Competencies/Clinical Requirem Methods
Skills (Supervised ents
clinical
practice)
General 2 Maintain Communication and
Medical effective human Nurse patient  OSCE
/ relations relationship
Surgical
(projecting
wards
professional  Maintaining
image) Communication with
patient and family and
Communicate interpersonal
effectively with relationship
patient, families
and team  Documentation
members and Reporting
Demonstrate skills
in techniques of o Documenting patient
care and procedures
recording and o Verbal report
reporting o Written report
’’ ’’ ’’ Vital signs
Care of  Assessme
Demonstrate skill in  Monitor/measure and patients with nt of
monitoring vital document vital signs alterations in clinical
in a graphic sheet vital signs- 2 skills
signs
o Temperature using
Care for patients (oral, tympanic, checklist
with altered vital axillary)  OSCE
signs o Pulse (Apical
and peripheral
2 pulses)
o Respiration
o Blood pressure
o Pulse oximetry
 Interpret and report
alteration
 Cold Applications-
Cold Compress, Ice
cap, Tepid Sponging
 Care of equipment –
thermometer, BP
apparatus, Stethoscope,
Pulse oximeter
’’ ’’ Health assessment
& Infection control
Perform health in Clinical settings
2 assessment of  History
each body system Health Assessment Taking- 2  Assessme
 Nursing/ Health  Physical nt of
history taking examination- 2 clinical
 Perform skills
physical using
examination: checklist
o General  OSCE
o Body systems
 Use various methods of
Demonstrate skill in physical examination-  Assessme
implementing standard Inspection, Palpation, nt of
precautions and use of PPE Percussion, Auscultation, clinical
Olfaction skills
 Identification of system wise using
deviations checklist
 Documentation of findings
 OSCE
Infection control in
Clinical settings
 Hand hygiene
 Use of PPE
Demonstrate skill in Comfort, Rest & Sleep,
meeting the comfort Pain and Promoting
needs of the patients Safety in Health Care
Environment
 Assessme
Comfort, Rest & Sleep nt of
Bed making- clinical
o Open skills
o Closed using
o Occupied checklist
o Post-operative  OSCE
o Cardiac bed
o Fracture bed
2 Comfort devices
o Pillows
o Over bed table/cardiac table
o Back rest
o Bed Cradle
Therapeutic Positions
o Supine
o Fowlers (low, semi, high)
o Lateral
o Prone
o Sim’s
o Trendelenburg
o Dorsal recumbent
o Lithotomy
o Knee chest
Pain
Pain assessment and
provision for comfort
Provide safe and clean Promoting Safety in Health Care  Presentation  Assessme
environment Environment on Physical nt of
restraints- 1 clinical
 Care of Patient’s Unit  Fall risk skills
 Use of Safety devices: assessment - 2 using
o Side Rails checklist
 Restraints (Physical)  OSCE
 Fall risk assessment and Post
Fall Assessment
Demonstrate skill in Hospital Admission  Assessme
admission, transfer, and discharge, nt of
and discharge of a Mobility and clinical
patient Immobility and Patient skills
education using
checklist
Hospital Admission and  OSCE
discharge
Perform & Document:
 Admission
2  Transfer
 Planned Discharge
Demonstrate skill in Mobility and Immobility  Assessme
caring for patients with nt of
restricted mobility Range of Motion clinical
Exercises skills
Assist patient in: using
o Moving checklist
o Turning  OSCE
o Logrolling
Changing position of helpless
patient
Transferring (Bed to and
from chair/ wheelchair/
stretcher)
Plan and provide Patient education  Individual  Assessme
appropriate health teaching - 1 nt of
teaching following the clinical
principles skills
using
checklist
 OSCE
SEMESTER II (16
weeks x 20 hours/week)

Hygiene & The Nursing


 Assessme
Implement basic Process nt of
nursing techniques in clinical
meeting hygienic Hygiene skills
needs of patients Care of Skin & Hair: using
-Sponge Bath/ Bed bath checklist
-Care of pressure points &  OSCE
back massage
- Pressure sore risk  Nursing care
assessment using Braden/ plan
4 Norton scale Patient with Pain-
-Hair wash 1
-Pediculosis treatment
Patient with  Evaluati
Develop skills in Oral Hygiene Fever-1
assessment, planning, Perineal Hygiene on of
Catheter care Nursin
implementation and The Nursing Process g
evaluation of nursing Prepare Nursing care plan for proces
care using Nursing the patient based on the s with
process approach given case criteria
Nutritional needs,  Nutritional  Assessme
Identify and meet the Elimination needs& Assessment- 1 nt of
Nutritional needs of Diagnostic testing  Clinical clinical
patients Presentation skills
Nutritional needs on Care of using
 Nutritional Assessment patient with checklist
 Preparation of Nasogastric Nasogastric
tube feed tube feeding-  OSCE
 Nasogastric tube feeding 1
Elimination needs
Plan and Implement
Providing  Clinical
care to meet the
-Urinal Presentation
elimination needs of
-Bedpan on Care of
patient  Insertion of Suppository
3 patient with
 Enema Constipation-1
 Urinary Catheter care
 Care of urinary drainage

Diagnostic testing  Assessme


Develop skills in  Specimen Collection nt of
instructing and o Urine routine and culture  Lab values- clinical
collecting samples for o Stool routine interpretation skills
investigation. o Sputum Culture using
checklist
Perform simple lab  Perform simple Lab Tests
tests and analyze & using reagent strips  OSCE
interpret common oUrine- Glucose, Albumin,
diagnostic values Acetone, pH, Specific
gravity
 Blood-GRBS Monitoring
Oxygenation needs, Fluid, Presentati  Assessme
Identify patients with Electrolyte, and Acid – Base on nt of
impaired oxygenation Balances on methods clinical
and demonstrate skill Oxygenation needs of Oxygen skills
 Oxygen administration administration using
in caring for patients
Methods checklist
with impaired
oxygenation o Nasal Prongs
o Face Mask/ Venturi  OSCE
Mask
 Steam inhalation
3  Chest Physiotherapy
 Deep Breathing &
Coughing Exercises
 Oral Suctioning
 Assessme
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid – nt of
Identify and Base Balances clinical
Presentation skills
demonstrate skill in on Blood &
caring for patients with  Maintaining intake output using
chart Blood checklist
fluid, electrolyte and Component
 Identify & report
therapy
 OSCE
acid – base imbalances complications of IV therapy
 Observe Blood & Blood
Component therapy
 Identify & Report
Complications of Blood &
Blood Component therapy
Administration of  Assessme
 Explain the Medications nt of
3 principles, routes, clinical
 Calculate Drug Dosages skills
effects of
 Preparation of lotions & using
administration of solutions checklist
medications  Administer Medications
 Calculate o Oral  OSCE
conversions of drugs o Topical
and dosages within o Inhalations
and between systems o Parenteral
of Measurements  Intradermal
 Administer  Subcutaneous
drugs by the following  -Intramuscular
routes-Oral,  Instillations
o Eye, Ear, Nose-
Intradermal,
instillation of
Subcutaneous, medicated drops, nasal
Intramuscular, Intra sprays, irrigations
Venous Topical,
inhalation
Sensory Needs and Care of
Assess, plan, Unconscious patients, Care of  Nursing  Assessme
implement & evaluate Terminally ill, death and rounds on nt of
the basic care needs of dying& Stress and Adaptation care of clinical
patients with altered patient with skills
functioning of sense Sensory Needs and Care of altered using
Unconscious patients sensorium checklist
organs and
 Assessment of Level of
unconsciousness Consciousness using  OSCE
Glasgow Coma Scale

Terminally ill, death and dying


2 Presentation
on dying
 Death Care patient’s bill
of rights  Assessme
Care for terminally
Stress and Adaptation nt of
ill and dying patients clinical
Presentation skills
on Relaxation using
techniques checklist
Identify stress and
assist patients to adopt
various coping
strategies
Demonstrate skills in First aid and Emergencies  Mock drill-  Assessm
assessing and  Bandaging Techniques Fire Safety ent of
performing First Aid o Basic Bandages: clinical
 Circular  Module skills
during emergencies  Spiral completion using
 Reverse-Spiral National checklist
 Recurrent Disaster
 Figure of Eight Management
Authority  OSCE
1 o Special Bandages:
 Caplin (NDMA) First (first aid
 Eye / Ear Bandage aid module compete
 Jaw Bandage ncies)
 Shoulder Spica
 Thumb spica
 Triangular
Bandage/ Sling
(Head & limbs)
 Binders
 Basic CPR
UNIT PLAN

NURSING FOUNDATIONS I
UNIT 1
PLACEMENT:Bsc. 1st year TIME ALLOTED:5T (theory) hrs

UNIT – 1 - Introduction to health and illness


 Concept of Health: Definitions (WHO), Dimensions
 Maslow’s hierarchy of needs
 Health - Illness continuum
 Factors influencing health
 Causes and risk factors for developing illnesses
 Illness: Types, Illness behavior
 Impact of illness on patient and family

GENERAL OBJECTIVE:
Upon completion of this unit, the students shall be able to:
-define health and illness, state the dimensions of health, explain the concept of health and
illness.
-explain the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs
-describe the factors influencing health, and causes & risk factors for developing illnesses.
-define illness and explain its types and illness behaviour.
-explain the impact of illness of patient and family.
Method of teaching: -
-Lecture cum discussion
-Display of diagrammatic charts
AV aids:
 Blackboard and chalk
 Charts
 Overhead projector and transparency sheets
 PPT
 Handouts
 Booklets and Pamphlets
Method of evaluation:
 Oral questioning in classroom
 unit test
 Written assignment
UNIT I

TIME LEARNING TEACHING ASSESSMENT


U (HRS) OUTCOMES CONTENT LEARNING METHODS
NT & ACTIVITY
I L/SL
T
I (5 T) Describe the Introduction to health and illness  Lecture  Essay
1 concept of health  Concept of Health: Definitions  Discussion  Short
and illness (WHO), Dimensions answers
0.5  Maslow’s hierarchy of needs  Objective
0.5  Health - Illness continuum type
0.5
 Factors influencing health
1
 Causes and risk factors for
developing illnesses
1  Illness: Types, Illness behavior
0.5  Impact of illness on patient and
family
BIBLIOGRAPHY (suggested references):

1. Thygersib AltonL First Aid Handbook, Published by Jones and Bartlet Publishers; Taylor
Caroletal. "Fundamentals of Nursing 4th Edition. Lipppincott Company, Philadelphia
2001Boston, 1995

2. Harkrcader Helen. Fundamentals of Nursing Caring and clinical judgement. W.B Saunders
company: Philadelphia 2000
3. Kozier B etal. Fundamentals of Nursing. Concepts, process and practice. Sixth edition pvt
Ltd, India 2003
4. Springhouse, Handbook of Nursing procedures, Publisher Judith A schilling Mccomm. USA
2001
5. Rosdabl C.B Text Book of Basic Nursing, Seventh Edition, Publisher Lippincott:
Philadelphia; 1999

6. Wilson & Giddens. Health Assessment for Nursing practice. Second Edition Publisher by
Mosby, St Louis Inc, 2001.
7. Thygerson Alton L. First Aid Handbook, Published by Jones and Bartlet Publishers
Boston,1995.
NIGHTINGALE INSTITUTE OF NURSING,
NOIDA

COURSE PLAN AND UNIT PLAN


AS PER I.N.C SYLLABUS (2019-20)
FOR
BSc.1ST YEAR

SUBMITTED TO SUBMITTED BY

MS. KAPEELTA DEVI Ms. DHAIRYA ARORA

ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR M.Sc. (N) 1st YEAR

NIN, NOIDA NIN, NOIDA