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BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE-Major LET Reviewer

jayMC Reviewer
5.Which is the smallest unit C. Fatty acid
of life that can survive and D. Monosaccharide
1. Where do producers reproduce on its own?
obtain their energy? A. Cell 10.Where does protein
A. From other producers B. Organ synthesis take place?
B. From the consumers C. Tissues A. Ribosomes
C. From the decomposers D. Population B. Lysosomes
D. From the sun C. Endoplasmic reticulum
6.Which region of a D. Golgi bodies
2. Why do you experience vertebrate forebrain is
not seeing things clearly for considered with the neutral- 11.Why are our lips “redder”
some seconds when you endocrine control of visceral than our palm?
enter suddenly a well-lighted activities? A. There is increased blood
room after coming from a flow in the lips
dark room, you? A. Cerebellum B. Lips are heavily
B. Thalamus keratinized
A. The pupils are not C. Hypothalamus C. Lip epidermis is thinner
adapted to the dark D. Pituitary D. Many blood vessels are
B. The eyes are adapted to located around the lips
the light only 7.Which of the following is
C. The pupils are not the building block 12.Which of the following
dilated yet carbohydrate? cannot be found in
D. Light had caused prokaryotes?
temporary blindness A. Amino acid A. Cytoplasm
B. Nucleotide B. Plasma membrane
3. What term is used to C. Fatty acid C. Membrane-bound
describe the ability to D. Monosaccharide nucleus
maintain a constant internal D. DNA
environment? 8.Why it is necessary men
have more red blood cells 13.What do we call mutation
A. Metabolism per cubic millimeter of blood that is brought about by the
B. Growth and than women? earth natural radioactivity?
development A. Continuous
C. Homeostasis A. Man does strenuous B. Induced
D. Thermoregulation activities and need more C. Lysosomes
energy D. Chloroplast
4.What is the most common B. They have bigger
cause of cardiovascular physique and need more
disease? blood 14.Which of the following
C. Man waste more blood organelles produces turbo
A. Fatty deposits in the cells and need extra pressure against cell wall and
arteries D. They are more prone to mainly acts as water
B. Inadequate supply of anemia disorders reservoir
red blood cells A. Plastids
C. Lack of sodium in the 9.Which of the following is B. Vacuole
diet the building block of protein? C. Lysosomes
D. Increased heartbeat A. Amino acid D. Chloroplasm
B. Nucleotide

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BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE-Major LET Reviewer
jayMC Reviewer
15.What is the branch crobial A. Smooth chromosomes are attached
organisms is used in the B. Skeletal to the spindle fibers as
creation of genetically C. Cardiac ________.
modified organisms? D. Connective A. Double chromatids
A. Pseudomonas vulgaris B. Non-homologous pairs
B. Bacillus thuringensis 21.We feel warmer just C. Single chromatid strands
C. Agro bacterium before it rains because D. A tetrad of four
tumafaciens __________. chromatids
D. Escherichia coli A. Heat is released by the
evaporation of water 26.Which of the following is
16.What is the branch of B. The clouds prevent heat an example of behavioral
zoology that is devoted to from escaping the earth adaption?
the study of fish? C. There is an increased A. Thick green stems of the
relative humidity cactus plant
A. Helmintology D. Heat is released by the B. Thick fur of the bear
B. Ichthyology condensation of water vapor C. Shedding leaves during
C. Chondrichthyes summer
D. Ornithology 22.Which of the following is D. Presence of cuticle on
not considered as a the upper surface of the
17.The process involved in reproductive cell? leaves
the production of mRNA
using DNA as template is A. Gamete
termed _______? B. Somatic cell 27.The bipolar nature of the
A. Transcription C. Egg cell cell membrane is due to
B. Replication D. Sperm cell _______.
C. Gene manipulation A. Presence of carries
D. Reverse transcription 23.The cell wall of plant is B. Presence of
made of _______. C. Phospholipids bilayer
18.What is the most A. Lipids D. Integral proteins
abundant inorganic B. Cellulose
compound in the C. Protein 28.Which of the following is
protoplasm? D. Cell membran made up of diploid number
A. Fluid of cells?
B. Blood 24.Which of the following is A. Zygote
C. Plasma the correct sequence of the B. Sperm cell
D. Water level of organization from C. Egg cell
lowest to highest? D. Both B and C
19.Which is the riches type A. Cells-system-organs-
of tropical rain forest in the tissues 29.Which plant has
Philippines? B. System-organs-tissues- underground stem modified
A. Molave forest cells for reproduction?
B. Dipterocarp forest C. Cells-tissues-organs- A. Ginger
C. Mangrove forest system B. Camote
D. Pine forest D. Tissues-systems-cells- C. Tubers
organs D. Strawberry
20.What muscle is described
as involuntary, not striated, 25.At metaphase of the
and have a single nucleus? meiotic division, the

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BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE-Major LET Reviewer
jayMC Reviewer
30.Which of the following D. Pericardium A. Cerebellum
structures serve as a B. Medulla oblongata
passageway of food and air? 37.What is that 3-carbon C. Cerebrum
A. Epiglottis sugar formed during the dark D. Thalamus
B. Trachea reaction phase of the
C. Pharynx photosynthesis? 43.Which stage of
D. Larynx A. ADP incomplete metamorphism is
B. NADPH undergone by grasshopper?
31.Which kind of relationship C. ATP A. Nymph, pupa, adult
is exhibited by algae and D. PGAL B. Egg, larva, pupa, adult
fungi in lichen? C. Egg, nymph, adult
A. Commensalism 38.What is the product of D. Egg, pupa, adult
B. Parasitism carbohydrate digestion?
C. Symbiosis A. Fatty acid 44.Which of the following is
D. Competition B. Glucose NOT part of the thoracic
C. Amino acid cage?
32.What do you call the D. Nucleic acid A. Clavicle
finger-like folds on the inner B. Ribs
linings of the small intestine? 39.What process is C. Costal cartilages
A. Villi responsible for the upward D. Sternum
B. Appendix movement of the water in
C. Rugae very tall trees? 45.Where does the toxin
D. Cecum A. Osmosis substance secreted by bees
B. Capillary action and ants through their sting
33.Aside from ADP, what C. Turgor pressure originate?
else is the end production of D. Transpiration
the dark-reaction phase of A. Silk glands
ohotosynthesis? 40.What is the enzyme in the B. Intestines
A. Carbon dioxide mouth that breaks starch to C. Rectal glands
B. Surag maltose? D. Salivary glands
C. Carbon A. Peptidase
D. Starch B. Ptyalin 46.What is the longest bone
C. Pepsin in the body?
34.What is that flap-like D. Maltase A. Humerus
structure that prevents the B. Ferum
food from going the wrong 41.What do you call the C. Tibia-fibula
way during swallowing types of symmetry where the D. Clavicle
A. Epiglottis body parts are paired on
B. Larynx either side of the body? 47.Which cause our bones to
C. Esophagus turn brittle and easily break?
D. Pharynx A. Dorsal A. Turning into muscle
B. Bilateral tissues
C. Radial B. Increase in flexibility
36.What is the membrane D. Ventral C. Turbidity decrease
that surrounds the lungs? D. Removal of collagen
A. Pleura 42.Which is considered as
B. Meninges the respiratory center of the 48.How many bones does an
C. Peritoneum brain? adult human body has?

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BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE-Major LET Reviewer
jayMC Reviewer
A. 201 digested and mixed with C. Sperm
B. 200 hydrochloric acid? D. Virus
C. 217 A. Gastric secretion
D. 206 B. Gastric fluid 60.Which property of water
C. Mucosa is probably MOST important
49.What do you call D. Chime for the functioning of
automatic responses to an organisms at the molecular
external stimulus? 55.Which is considered the level?
A. Reflex master gland due to its A. Cohesion and high
B. Instinct influence on the activity of surface tension
C. Impulse all the other glands? B. High specific heat
D. All of these C. High heat of
A. Thyroid vaporization
50.What structure provides B. Adrenal D. Versatility as a solvent
flexible support and C. Pituitary
protection to the spinal D. Parathyroid 61.Which of the following
cord? statements is true of
A. Skull 56.Which part of the brain is diffusion?
B. Ribs responsible for intelligence, A. It requires an
C. Vertebral column memory and learned expenditure of energy by the
D. Sternum behavior? cell
A. Cerebellum B. It is a passive process
51. Which hormone is B. Cerebrum C. It occurs when
insufficient in cretinism? C. Medulla molecules move from a
A. Glucagon D. Thalamus region of lower
B. Adrenalin concentration to one of
C. Insulin 57. Which of these materials higher concentration
D. Thyroxine is not a major component of D. It requires a membrane
the plasma membrane?
52.Which of the following is A. Phospholipids
both endocrine and an B. Glycoprotein 62.Which of the following is
exocrine gland? C. Proteins FALSE in comparing prophase
A. Gastric glands D. DNA I of meiosis and prophase of
B. Thyroid glands mitosis?
C. Pituitary glands 58.Which form of RNA A. The chromosomes
D. Pancreas delivers information from condense in both
DNA to be used in making B. Tetrads form in both
53.What organ is controlled protein? C. The nuclear envelope
by the automatic nervous disassembles in both
system? A. Messenger RNA D. A spindle forms in both
A. Skeletal B. Ribosomal RNA
B. Muscles C. Transfer RNA 63.Which are small,
C. Heart D. All of the above irregularly-shaped cells
D. Both A and B without nuclei but are rich in
59.Which of the following is ATP?
54.What do you call food in a not a type of cell? A. Leukocytes
semi-liquid form, partially A. Bacterium B. Thrombocytes
B. Amoeba C. Lymphocytes

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BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE-Major LET Reviewer
jayMC Reviewer
D. Erythrocytes D. Migrating lining for the implantation of
the embryo?
69.What chemical controls
metamorphosis among A. Lactogenic hormone
64.What branch of Biology is insects? B. Progesterone
involved when one is A. Enzymes C. Testosterone
studying the characteristic B. Estradol D. Oxytocen
structure and functions of all C. Pheromones
kinds of cells? D. Ethylene 75.Which of the following
A. Cytology pair of organisms are closely
B. Morphology 70.Which of the following related?
C. Physiology makes up the plant cell wall? A. Spider and mosquito
D. Histology A. Nucleic acid B. Frog and crocodile
B. Cellulose C. Man and monkey
65.Which part of seed C. Protein D. Ants and aphids
appears as a scar which D. Lipids
marks the entry of the pollen 76.What does it mean if the
tube during fertilization? 71.Which of the following is blood pressure of human is
A. Seed leaf not true of fungi? 110/70?
B. Cotyledon A. Some are pathogenic A. The systolic pressure is
C. Testa B. Some are 70
D. Hilum photosynthetic B. The diastolic pressure is
C. Some are edible 70
66.Which type of tissue is D. Form symbiotic relation C. The pulse rate is 110
responsible for the with algae beats per minute
secondary growth in stems D. Both B and C
and roots of vascular plants? 72.Which of the following is
A. Meristematic cells not true of plants? 77.Which of the following
B. Cambium A. Some are pathogenic happens when man exhale?
C. Palisade layer B. Some are A. The residual volume of
D. Epidermis photosynthetic the lungs decreases
C. Some are edible B. The diaphragm
67.Which biome grows D. Form symbiotic relation contracts
tropical grassland with with algae C. The volume of the
scattered individual trees thoracic cavity decreases
and larger herbivores? 73.Which of the following is D. The lung contracts
A. Tundra considered multi-cellular?
B. Rain forest 78.Which of the following
C. Grassland A. Embryo regulate breathing?
D. Savanna B. Fertilized egg A. RBC concentration
C. Egg cell B. Number of haemoglobin
68. What do you call that D. Sperm cell C. Hormone level in blood
process in birds wherein they D. CO2 and O2
shed off features at least concentration and pH level
once a year? sensors
A. Skinning 74.What hormone promotes
B. Molting the growth of the uterine
C. Furrowing

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BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE-Major LET Reviewer
jayMC Reviewer
79.Which of the following B. Decomposers
has the lowest velocity of 83.Which of the following C. Autotrophs
blood flow characteristic is common D. Spore production
A. Veins between echinoderms and
B. Arteries cnidarians? 86.Which of the following
C. Capillaries A. They are both radically does not involve mitosis?
D. Arterioles symmetrical A. Development of embryo
B. They have segmented B. Growth
80. How many carbon atoms bodies C. Production of gametes
can each pyruvic acid supply C. Both have stinging cells D. Repairing of damaged
into the Kirb’s cycle? D. They have three tissues
embryonic tissue layers
A. 8 87.Which of the followings is
B. 6 84.Which of the following is true of mammals?
C. 4 true of Phylum Chordata? I. They have four
D. 2 I.Presence of notochord chambered heart
that provides skeletal II. They produce milk
81.How many oxygen is support for the young
required each time to a II. Pharyngeal slits that III. They are warm
molecule of glucose is have become modified for blooded
completely oxidized through gas exchange A. I and II
aerobic respiration? III. Dorsal hallow nerve B. II and III
A. 3 cord that develops into the C. I and III
B. 6 central nervous system D. I, II and III
C. 12
D. 24 A. II and III 88.What term describes an
B. I and II egg develop into a new
82.Which of the following C. I and III organism without itself being
will not be accepted by D. I, II and III fertilized be a sperm?
glycolysis for catabolism? A. Regeneration
A. Starch 85.Which of the following B. Conjugation
B. Glycerol cannot be associated with
C. Fatty acid fungi?
D. Sucrose A. Absorptive nutrition
C. Parthenogenesis
D. Fusion cannot adapt to the changes B. Copulation
in the environment? C. Ovulation
89.Which of the following is A. It will be transform to D. Germination
responsible for formation of another form
blood cell? B. It will become extinct 92. Which of the following
A. Cartilage C. It will be isolated blood cells is responsible for
B. Bone narrow D. It will grow old blood clotting?
C. Joints A. Erythrocytes
D. Tendons 91.What term is used to B. Leukocytes
describe the released of C. Thrombocytes
90.What is most likely matured egg cell from the D. Neutrophils
happen when a species ovary?
A. Fertilization

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BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE-Major LET Reviewer
jayMC Reviewer
93.Where does ectopic C. Pituitary gland a. cells
pregnancy occur? D. Adrenal gland b. carbohydrates
A. Uterus c. tissues
B. Ovary 98.Which of the following is d. proteins
C. Cervix not an accessory organ of
D. Fallopian tube digestion? 4. An organism lacking
A. Liver chlorophyll, but nevertheless
94.Why is cell membrane B. Pancreas able to carry out
semi permeability C. Salivary gland photosynthesis has been
important? D. Adrenal gland found among which of the
A. It is important in following?
determining the size of the 99.What hormone stimulates a. viruses
cell the development of male b. bacteria
B. It controls the kind of secondary sex c. protozoa
substances that enters and characteristics? d. fungi
leaves the cell A. Estrogen
C. It controls the pressure B. Prolactin 5. The attribute that
and energy gradient C. Testosterone separates life from non-life is
D. It allows the molecules D. Progesterone a. metabolism
to diffuse freely in and out of b. reproduction
the cell 100.Which of the following c. growth
parts performs both as d. adapataion
95.What theory of evolution reproductive and urinary
accounts for snake’s functions in males? 6. The starch-splitting
disappearance of legs and A. Ureter enzyme in saliva is
development of giraffe’s long B. Testes a. lipase
neck? C. Urethra b. amylase
A. Theory of use and disuse D. Scrotum c. lactase
B. Theory of natural d. trypsin
selection 1. A section of the circulatory
C. Theory of chromosomal system which plays
change important role in fishes, but 7. Alteration of generations
D. Theory of action and which disappears in the is seen in
interaction higher land animals is the a. pines
a. hepatic portal system b. bougainvillea
96.Which of the following is b. renal portal system c. moss
an exocrine gland? c. renal artiries d. grass
A. Plastids and pigments d. hepatic arteries
B. Asters and centrioles 8. The Phylum Chordata is
C. Chloroplasts and 2. Cell division resulting in characterized by the
vacuoles haploid cells is known as presence of
D. Cell wall and cell a. meiosis a. notochord
membrane b. mitosis b. nerve cord
c. fission c. vascular system
97.Which of the following is d. budding d. vertebral cord
an exocrine gland?
A. Thyroid gland 3. Enzymes are biological
B. Salivary gland catalysts made up of

7
BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE-Major LET Reviewer
jayMC Reviewer
9. All of the following are 5. Yeast are classified as d. 6 pounds of big rocks
ungulates( hoofed mammals) a. fungi
except _____ b. shell fungi 2. It is the process of splitting
a. giraffes c. sac fungi the one heavy nuclei to two
b. horses d. molds light nuclei due to the
c. cows bombardment of neutron
d. rabbits 6. Milk is one of the rich a. fission
sources of b. fussion
10. The following are type of a. vitamins c. decay
animal tissues except b. carbohydrates d. disintegration
a. adipose c. minerals
b. cellulose d.all of the above 3. Important for protection
c. cartillage as it absorbs ultraviolet
d. neuronal or lymphiod 7. It is a pigment which radiation from the sun.
enables plants top a. Sebum
manufacture their own food b. Melanin
1. Organism lacking a. Cytoplasm c. Sweat
chlorophyll but able to carry b. Chlorophyll d. Keratin
out photosynthesis c. Flowers
a. protozoa d. leaves 4. Vitamin that maintains a
b. Viruses lot of human body's tissues,
c. Bacteria 8. A process of food like the ones in your
d. phaeophyt manufacturing in plants eyes,skin, and liver
a.Transpiration a. Vitamin A
2. Fertilization results in the b. Photosynthesis b. Vitamin D
formation of the c. pollination c. Vitamin E
a. zygote d. respiration d. Vitamin B
b. endosperm
c. embryo 9. commonly known as fruit 5. The process of
d. fetus sugar photosynthesis takes place in
a. fructose the ?
3. How many vertebrae are b. sucrose a. Chlorophyll
there in the human spinal c. glucose b. Chloroplast
column d. sucrose c. Stomata
a. 18 d. Mesophyll
b. 40 10. it is a disaccharide sugar
c. 10 that is found most notably in 6. What is the other term for
d. 26 milk and is formed from plants?
galactose and glucose a.World Oxygen factory
4. Which does not belong to a. Lactose b. World Food factory
the group b. fructose c.World most important
a. tangerine c. sucrose thing
b. lemon d. glucose d. None of the Above
c. orange
d. mango 1. Which weighs more? 7. what is the function of the
a.125 pounds of cement left atrium ?
b. 1 gram of toothpaste a.Pumps blood
c. 60 kilograms of feathers

8
BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE-Major LET Reviewer
jayMC Reviewer
b. Intake for deoxygenerated E.Metabolism D.Mitochondria
blood E.Lysosome
c. to pass oxygenerated 6.Which of these is NOT a
blood from the pulmonary reactant in photosynthesis? 12. Heterotrophs depend on
veins A.Sunlight autotrophs. Why?
d. All of the above B.Carbon dioxide A.Autotrophs reproduce and
C.Glucose make heterotrophs.
1. Which is the longest phase D.Water B.Autotrophs keep the
of the eukaryotic cell cycle? 7.Which of these is a product heterotroph populations
A.Mitosis of cellular (aerobic) from growing too large.
B.Binary Fission respiration? C.Autotrophs decompose
C.Interphase A.Glucose dead organisms so the
D.Meiosis B.Oxygen nutrients can be recycled.
2.What is the major C.Adenosine triphosphate D.Autotrophs capture
component of biological D.Deoxyribonucleic acid sunlight and store it in
membranes? carbohydrates.
A.Proteins 8. DNA is our genetic
B.Nucleic acids material. Which scientist 13. During mitosis, the DNA
C.Carbohydrates discovered that it was a long, in a cell is found as:
D.Lipids twisting helix? A.Chromatin
A.Watson & Crick B.Spindle fibers
3. A pea plant has B.Avery C.Chromosomes
genetic instructions to be tall C.Franklin D.Punnett squares
and short, but only expresses D.Chargaff
the tall phenotype. This E.Mendel 14.Which of these is not one
plant can be described as: of the major problems
A.Homozygous 9.The genetic code that is plaguing our environment?
B.Hybrid passed down from one A.Pollution
C.True-breeding generation to the next is B.Loss of biodiveristy
D.Self-pollinating "hidden" within: C.Overpopulation
E.Cross-pollinating A.Proteins D.Resource depletion
B.Amino acid sequences
4.Which of these is NOT one C.CHNOPS 15.Which type of cell lacks a
of the major macromolecules D.Nucleotides membrane surrounding its
that form all organisms? genetic material?
A.Lipids 10.Which of these is not one A.Bacteria
B.Minerals of the six kingdoms of life? B.Plant
C.Carbohydrates A.Archaea C.Animal
D.Adenosine triphosphate B.Fungi D.Eukaryotic
E.Proteins C.Virus E.Fungus
D.Protist
5. Which type of cellular 16. In a eukaryotic cell, which
transport must always move 11.The cellular location of these would NOT be found
particles out of a cell? where protein synthesis in the cytoplasm?
A.Osmosis occurs: A.ATP
B.Exocytosis A.Ribosomes B.DNA
C.Active transport B.Golgi complex C.Enzymes
D.Diffusion C.Nucleus D.Amino acids

9
BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE-Major LET Reviewer
jayMC Reviewer
D.Seals the nicks in the C.Recessive alleles are
17.Which of these is not one sugar-phosphate bonds of mutated forms of dominant
of the most common one of the old DNA strands alleles
elements in biological D.Recessive alleles are rare.
molecules? 2.To determine whether a
A.Phosphorus field of study is a science, 6. When there are 2 alleles
B.Sulfur you would for a gene and both make a
C.Sodium A.Consider what questions protein product the alleles
D.Hydrogen are asked are said to be
B.Consider what methods A.Completely dominant
18. The sum of all chemical are used B.Codominant
reactions that occur in an C.Consider what conclusions C.Incompletely dominant
organism: are made. D.Polygenic
A.Homeostasis D.Look for people wearing
B.Metabolism lab coats. 7. What is the name of the
C.Stimulus enzymes which cut DNA only
D.Mitosis and Meiosis 3. Strictly speaking, DNA at a specific sequences?
E.Reproduction replication leads to A.DNA Plymerases
A.2 new copies of each DNA B.Ligases
19.The first person to see molecule C.Restriction Enzymes
(and name) cells observed B.1 new copy and one old D.Modification Enzymes
the walls of cork cells. Who copy of each DNA molecule
was he? C.2 copies of each DNA 8.A set if ideas that explain a
A.Leeuwenhoek molecule that are each half broad set of observations is a
B.Fleming old and half new A.Theory
C.Hooke D.2 copies of each DNA B.Law
D.Schleidon molecule that are both old C.Hypothesis
E.Virchow D.Inference
4.What does recombinant
20.In a controlled DNA technology refer to? 9. Which one of the
experiment, what factor A.The process that produces following characteristics is
changes from group to a DNA fingerprint from a not necessary in order for an
group? blood sample. object to be considered
A.The hypothesis B.The process of cloning an living?
B.The variable individual. A.Ability to reproduce
C.The constants C.The process of inserting B.Ability to grow
D.The conclusion gene from one organism into C.Ability to move
another D.Ability to respond to
1.What does DNA ligase do D.The process of identifying stimuli
during DNA replication? a gene sequence
A.Seals the hydrogen bonds 10. The nucleotide that is
between the 2 strands of found in RNA but not DNA is
DNA 5.Which BEST describes why A.Adenine
B.Breaks the hydrogen bonds an allele is recessive? B.Cytosine
between the 2 strand of DNA A.Recessive alleles are weak C.Guanine
C.Seals the nicks in the sugar- alleles D.Uracil
phosphate bonds of one of B.Recessive alleles make no
the new DNA strands funtional gene product

10
BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE-Major LET Reviewer
jayMC Reviewer
11. How does Gel C.When a sample of DNA is chromosomes from an adult
Electrophoresis work? compared to an individual's cell
A.A sample of DNA is added fingerprints, you can D.Selected chromosomes are
to a gel which binds the distinguish among transferred to the nucleus of
molecule together. The DNA individuals. an egg
fragments of different sizes D.When a sample of DNA is E.The nucleus of a fertilized
are spliced together. amplified with PCR and egg is transferred to a donor
B.A sample of DNA is added mixed with DNA Polymerase, egg
to a gel and exposed to a a unique set of fragments are
current. The DNA is attracted produced for each individual. 17. What is necessary for
to the charge and different natural selection to lead to
sized fragments of DNA are 14. Natural Selection may be evolution
separated. BEST defined as A.Individuals have different
C.The sample of DNA is A.A difference between traits
repeatedly heated and populations B.Traits affect reproduction
cooled in the presence of B.A difference between C.Traits are inherited
DNA polymerase and free individuals D.All of these
nucleotides. Many copies of C.A difference in survival
the fragments of DNA are between individuals 18.what is true about the
produced. D.A difference in type of cloning discussed in
D.A sample of DNA is added reproduction between the previous question?
to a gel which holds the individuals A.The technique requires
fragments in place. In this that the egg develops in a
way, fragment of different 15. What is an example of a female's uterus
length can be distinguished. trait B.The technique leads to the
A.Fur color in a mammal production of a newborn
12. When geneticists speak B.Leg length in a bird infant animal
of mutation, they are C.Flower number in a plant C.The clone would be a
referring to D.Enzyme production in a younger identical twin to the
A.An adaptation fungus donor of the DNA.
B.A deformity E.All of these D.All of these.
C.A change in the DNA
sequence 16. Nuclear transfer was the 19. In a population of long-
D.A change in the amino acid cloning technique used to tailed weasels in central
sequence produce the sheep Dolly. Missouri, individuals that
Which best describes nuclear turn white in the winter are
transfer? rare. Individual weasels that
13. Why are DNA fingerprints A.The nucleus of an egg and turn white in winter are
useful? sperm are transferred into a much more common in the
A.When a sample of DNA is donor egg northern part of the weasel's
cut up with restriction B.The chromosomes are range. This appears to be an
enzymes and separated by removed from a an egg and example of
gel electrophoresis, the replaced by the A.Homeostsis
result is unique for each chromosomes from an adult B.Responding to stimuli
individual. cell C.Interdependency
B.The impression left behind C.The chromosomes from an D.Natural selection
by a DNA sample is unique egg are mixed with the
for each individual.

11
BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE-Major LET Reviewer
jayMC Reviewer
20. What enzyme is B.Prediction 41. According to Newton’s
necessary to convert an RNA C.Hypothesis Second Law of Motion
sequence back to its D.Observation A. applying a force will
complementary DNA change the motion of
sequence 24. Three of the following an object.
A.RNA Polymerase are hypotheses concerning B. acceleration of an object is
B.DNA Polymerase the dung beetle's behavior, proportional to
C.Reverse Transcriptase select the exception. net force applied to the
D.Ligase A.The dung beetles store the object.
balls of dung to feed on later. C. an object at rest will
21. When dogs become B.The dung beetles lay eggs remain at rest unless
overheated, they pant. in the balls of dung and acted on by a net force.
During panting, blood flow to young will eat the dung D. solar system bodies have
the tounge increases and this when they hatch. attractive forces
circulates heat from the C.Only female dung beetles acting on each other.
center of their body to roll balls of dung
where it can be dissipated. D.The dung beetles use the 42. A stalled car is pushed to
This is an example of balls of dung to construct the top of a hill, allowedto
A.Metabolism nests. roll down the hill, and
B.Homeostasis started by
C.Adaptation 25. You hypothesize that “clutchpopping.”At what
D.Inheritance dung beetles lay eggs in the position did the car have
balls of dung and the young thegreatest amount of
22. Over the past 5 years, the hatch and feed on the dung. gravitational potential
number of acres planted in Three of the following are energy?
genetically modified crops reasonable predictions A. at the bottom of the hill
has concerning your hypothesis, B. at the top of the hill
A.Increased select the exception C. when restarted with the
B.Decreased A.If dung beetles are laying clutch
C.Remained stable eggs in the dung, the they D. being pushed to the top of
D.Fluctuated randomly will only roll balls of dung the hill
during daylight
23. On page five of your B.If dung beetles are laying 43. The value of the ozone
textbook, there is a story eggs in the dung, then balls layer to Earth’s citizens is
about African dung beetles of dung placed in a container A. protection from ultraviolet
and elephants. We have will hatch baby dung beetles rays.
similar dung beetles here in C.If dung beetles are laying B. to neutralize the NOx
MO. Suppose you eggs in the dung, then most molecules in acid rain.
encountered one of these of the beetles rolling dung C. to mediate temperature in
beetles rolling a ball of cow will be females. the lithosphere.
dung across a pasture. You D.If dung beetles are laying D. protection from
are eager to explain, using eggs in the dung then dung photochemical smog
the scientific method, why rolling will be most common
these beetles are rolling ball during the breeding season.
of cow manure. Your first
step is to come up with a(n)

A.Experiment

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BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE-Major LET Reviewer
jayMC Reviewer
44. CFCs D. an amino acid sequence.
(chlorofluorocarbons) 52. All tectonic plates are
damage the 49. A mutation may be A. made only of basalt.
environment by described as B. comprised of crust and
A. causing acid rain. A. a change in the RNA of the some mantle
B. blocking sunlight. parent gamete. material.
C. breaking O3 to create O2. B. damage to the cell C. made only of granite.
D. increasing cloudiness. membrane of the parent D. at least 35 km thick.
45. Acid rain is known to gamete.
cause problems by C. an alteration of DNA in a 53. The basic unit of life is
A. causing population parent’s egg or the
explosions of deer sperm. A. virus.
species. D. infertility in older parents. B. cell.
B. triggering glaciations and C. gene.
ice sheet 50. Which one of the D. chromosome.
formation. following characteristics
C. bleaching chlorophyll from does 54. Evidence for evolution
green plants. the Earth share with all other can be found in the
D. destroying statues and bodies in the solar A. human liver.
limestone buildings system? B. size of horse fossils.
A. formed from matter C. geochemistry of the hydra.
46. Global atmospheric ejected by the sun D. compound eye of the bee.
circulation is driven by B. move in circular orbits
A. ocean circulation. C. equally dense
B. radioactive decay of D. gravitationally bound to
nuclear particles. the sun
C. energy of the sun.
D. tides. 51. The “big splash” theory
of the moon’s formation
47. Which one of the A. was disproved during the
following statements about Apollo lunar
DNA mission.
is not correct? B. states that the moon was
A. DNA contains phosphorus. formed elsewhere in
B. DNA is negatively charged. the solar system and was
C. RNA is the mirror opposite captured by Earth’s
of DNA. gravitational force.
D. Hydrogen bonds join the C. states that the Earth was
two strands of struck by a huge
DNA (two sides of the DNA object, causing a large
ladder). amount of mantle
material to be blown into
48. A codon is orbit.
A. a binary DNA code. D. suggests that the moon
B. a set of three bases on the was formed by light,
mRNA. less dense materials that
C. a set of three bases on the floated into the orbit
RNA. around the Earth.

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