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Chapter 1

COMPANY PROFILE

1. COMPANY PROFILE
Reliance group was founded by Shri Dhirubhai
Ambani in 1966 as a polyester firm. Reliance later
entered into financial services, petrochemicals,
petroleum refining, power sector, petro retail, retail, and
telecommunication.
The conglomerate under Reliance Industries banner had
an annual turnover of USD 63Billion for the year 2017-
18.
 By 2002 Reliance had grown into a U$15 billion conglomerate. After the death of
Dhirubhai Ambani on 6 July 2002, Reliance was headed by his sons.
 The group was formed after the two brothers Mukesh Ambani and Anil Ambani,
split Reliance Industries. Anil Ambani got the responsibility of Reliance Infocomm,
Reliance Energy, Reliance Capital and RNRL. Reliance Group entered the power sector
through Reliance Power and the entertainment sector by acquiring Adlabs.
 In October 2010, Reliance power placed world's largest order worth $8.29 billion
to Shanghai Electric Group to supply power equipment based on Supercritical steam
generator technology.
 Reliance power was the first Indian company to earn carbon credits and the United
Nations registered Reliance Power‟s Sasan power project is planned to earn as many as
22.5 million credits in the next 10 years under the UN Clean Development Mechanism,
a greenhouse gas market which issues tradable credits to emissions-lowering projects in
developing countries.
 Reliance Power has coal mines in Indonesia, and has also made major acquisitions in
UK and USA. On 28 October 2017, the group launched construction of a defence
production unit in Mihan-SEZ region.
 The unit will be part of a joint venture between Reliance Group, led by Anil Ambani, and
its JV partner French major Dassault Aviation.
1.1.1 VISION
Through sustainable measures, create value for the nation, enhance quality of life across the
entire socio-economic spectrum and help spearhead India as a global leader in the domains
where we operate

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1.1.2 MISSION
 Create value for all stakeholders
 Grow through innovation
 Lead in good governance practices
 Use sustainability to drive product development and enhance operational efficiencies
 Ensure energy security of the nation
 Foster rural prosperity

1.2 MAJOR WINGS OF THE COMPANY


 Reliance Digital

 Reliance Fresh

 Reliance Petroleum

 Reliance Retail, retail business wing of Reliance Industries

 Reliance Footprint

 Reliance Trends

 Vision Express

 Reliance Jewels

 Reliance Smart

 Jio Digital Life

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Chapter 2

ABOUT THE COMPANY

2.1 ABOUT RELIANCE RETAIL


Reliance Retail Ltd. is a subsidiary company of Reliance Industries. Founded in 2006 and
based in Mumbai, it is the largest retailer in India in terms of revenue. Its retail outlets offer
foods, groceries, apparel and footwear, lifestyle and home improvement products, electronic
goods, and farm implements and inputs. The company‟s outlets also provide vegetables, fruits
and flowers. It focuses on consumer goods, consumer durables, travel services, energy,
entertainment and leisure, and health and well-being products, as well as on educational products
and services.
Reliance which entered into retail segment in the year 2006 under Reliance Retail has the
following business verticals :

 Reliance Digital(stores)
 Reliance Hyper Mart (stores)
 Reliance Fresh(stores) and R-Grocery(on line trading )
 Reliance Footprint(stores)
 Reliance Trends, Project EVE (stores)
 Vision Express as (joint venture with Europe‟s HAL Holdings – UK based
stores)
 Reliance Jewels (stores)
 Reliance Smart (stores)
 Reliance Market (also called Cash and Carry format-stores)
 Reliance AJIO (E – retailing of Trends )

2.2 About Reliance Retail EPC

Projects of Reliance Retail are being handled through an in house team of committed
professionals captioned as Engineering Procurement and Construction (EPC) Team with Head
Office in Navi Mumbai. EPC team is geographically divided four zones – viz North –West –
South and East with each Zonal Head reporting to the Head – EPC. Organogram linking
reporting structure is attached as sample.

Various processes and their interrelationship under ISO helping to achieve the Vision and
Mission of the organisation are depicted in sample document.

We underwent Internship at South Zone Office in Bangalore administering different Project


Types viz Greenfield, Brownfield and Fitout works through the following departments offering
services to the projects in the States of Karnataka, Kerala and Tamilnadu.

 Projects / Construction

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 Contracts
 Quantity Survey
 Design/ Engineering
 Quality/ Safety ( External Customer )
 Material Coordination
 SAP Coordination
 State Coordinator ( External Customer )

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Chapter 3
TASK PERFORMED

3.1 SYNOPSIS OF INTERNSHIP ACTIVITIES

Lecture-1: East Zone – Construction Head


Overview on end to end construction processes in Reliance retail EPC with special
emphasis on the lessons learned from the projects:
There are two types of projects in Reliance retail.
a. Green field- where property belongs to Reliance.
b. Fit out/Brown field- where property is leased by Reliance.

Lecture-2: South Zone technical coordinator

Brief introduction about value engineering with emphasis on construction experience in


real estate projects.

a) Exercise on volume calculation(steel and concrete).


b) Batching of concrete.
c) Code book used in construction. special emphasis on IS: 456.
d) Mix design - special emphasis on design mix approval process.

Site visit #1: Day 1: DC Hanumanthapura

Site Tour along with State Head - construction and project in charge.

 Name of the location: Hanumanthapura, Nelamangala, Bangalore.


 It is a distribution centre(DC) built on Pre Engineering Building Concept.
 Site consisted of 3 blocks, 2 blocks for Reliance digital products and 1 for
Reliance Trends.
 Highlights of the project is the adoption of structural steel grid work with bison
board partition which is a well thought of strategy giving flexibility of shifting
and speed of execution.

Site visit #2: Day 2: DC Nelamangala, Tonasinakuppe

Site tour along with MEP - Head - south Zone

It is a distribution centre for e-commerce.

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We studied the drawing and looked into different site materials Inward/Outward Register
to control the material movements.

Site visit #2 : Day 3: DC Nelamangala, Tonasinakuppe

 We executed the construction work of DG platform in uncoursed Random Rubble


Masonry.
 We got to know the fabrication of pipelines and installation of fire - fighting
equipment's such as Fire Hydrants.

Site visit #2 : Day 4 and 5: DC Nelamangala, Tonasinakuppe

 We performed the estimation work for mezzanines floor for distribution centre.

Lecture-3: Zonal Safety Head: Safety Orientation for Construction management


and 5-S implementation.

 '5S': Sort, Set in-order, Shine, Standardize, Sustain

Lecture-4: Zonal Quality Head and ISO- JMR

 Overview on empowering context for Quality and Safety as a Matter of


Oath/Commitment by the different work group on project. He gave in depth
knowledge about Reliance retail EPC.
 Quality Management System and ISO-9001: 2015 - context linking to vision and
mission of the Organisation and eight object of ISO System.
 Petro retail project- Quality Management System, process flow and Inspection
Test Plan Overview with special emphasis con degrees of quality control.

Lecture-5: Zonal design coordinator

 Construction and projects management of green field projects.

Lecture-6: Zonal contract head

 Contract management of construction projects.

Lecture-7: Zonal Petro Team Leader

 Overview of Reliance Petro Project on petrol pumps.

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3.2 SITE WORK DETAILS

3.2.1 SITE-1 DETAILS


 It is a distribution centre (DC) for Reliance products.
 Site consisted of 3 blocks, 2 blocks for Reliance digital products and 1 for Reliance
trends.
 Location of site: Hanumanthapura, Bengaluru
 Total area: 12 acres.
 Plate load test value: 14T/Sqm.
 Required plate load test value is 7.6T/Sqm.
 Safe bearing capacity: 80T/Sqm
 Grade of concrete is M25 grade.
 FRC of 150mm floor thick.
Details of blocks
Area:
 Block-1 : 95000Sqft
 Block-2 : 85000Sqft
 Block-3 : 85000Sqft
Column details:
 Height of column at centre 15.2m and at end 11.5m

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Fig.1 Plan of Hanumanthpura site
Racking details:
Types of racking installed at site
1. Pallet racking
2. Secured pallet racking
Pallet rack is the most flexible and popular pallet storage rack used in the material handling
industry. Selective rack is manufactured to meet all RMI (Rack Manufacturers Institute)
standards and the roll-formed steel construction provides great ease of use, durability, and safety.
Selective pallet rack is the most popular and versatile pallet racking system in the industry. It
provides efficient use of space and immediate access to every load stored using any type of
forklift. This type of rack is available in debris-resistant, easy-to-clean structural steel (ideal for
food handling operations).
 Beam-to-Frame construction creates the most firm and dependable rack available.
 Easy beam installation with no special tools or training.
 Innovative Interlock system provides protection against damage, tampering, and
accidental displacement.
 Also available in a heavy-duty structural steel channel construction.

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Fig.2 Pallet racking

Fig.3 Secured pallet racking

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Fig.4 View of warehouse with Fire fighting system

Fig.5 DG platform constructed using un-coursed Random Rubble Masonry

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3.2.2 SITE-2 DETAILS
 It is a distribution center for e-commerce.
 Site location: Tonasinakuppe.
 Plate load test value 14T/Sqm.
 Required plate load test value is 7.6T/Sqm.
 Safe bearing capacity – 80T/ Sqm.
 Grade of concrete is M25 grade.
 FRC of 150mm floor thick.
 Block-1 : 95000Sqft
 Block-2 : 95000Sqft

Fig.6 Truck mounted crane, concrete block unloading process

Fig.7 Site-2 (Tonasinakuppe-warehouse)

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3.3 BISON PANEL.
Bison Panel conforms to IS 14276-1995. Bison Panel is a cement bonded particle board
made out of 62% cement 28% wood. The wood used is of fast growing species like Eucalyptus
and Casurina. Due to adoption of special manufacturing process, the panel acquires the strength,
the durability of cement and easy workability of wood - a combination of qualities absent in
other boards.

Table 1. Estimation of bison panel

SL No. Description Length(m) Height(m) Area(m²)


1 Room-1
Wall
Inner 4.9 2.4 11.76
Outer 4.9 2.8 13.72
Deduction
Door 1 2.1 4.2
Window 2.4 1.2 5.76

Total= 15.52
2 Room-2
Wall
Inner 6.6 2.4 15.84
Outer 6.6 2.8 18.48
Deduction
Door 1 2.1 4.2
Window
Total= 30.12
3 Room-3
Wall
Inner 6.76 2.8 18.928
6.76 2.8 18.928
3.28 2.8 9.184
Outer 9.65 2.8 27.02
3.38 2.8 9.464
Deduction
Door 1.2 2.4 5.76

Total= 77.764

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4 Room-4
Wall
Inner 5.66 2.8 15.848
7.86 2.8 22.008
7.86 2.8 22.008
Outer 7.7 2.8 21.56
Deduction
Door 1.2 2.4 5.76

Total= 75.664

5 Room-5
Wall
Inner 4.4 2.8 12.32
7.86 2.8 22.008
7.86 2.8 22.008
7.86 2.8 22.008
Outer 4.53 2.8 12.684
Deduction
Door 1 2.1 4.2
Window 2.4 1.2 5.76

Total= 81.068
6 Wall 24.1 2.8 67.48
7 Room-6
Wall
Inner 4.4 2.4 10.56
13.092 2.8 36.6576
13.092 2.4 31.4208
4.3 2.4 10.32
Outer 4.4 2.8 12.32
Deduction
Door 1 1.2 2.4
Window 1.4 1.2 3.36
Column 0.63 2.8 3.528

Total= 91.9904

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8 Room-7
Wall
Inner 6.45 2.8 18.06
12.7 2.8 35.56
6.3 2.8 17.64
12.7 2.8 35.56
Outer 6.45 2.8 18.06
Deduction
Door 2.4 2.4 11.52
Window 1.5 1.2 3.6
Column 0.63 2.8 3.528

Total= 106.232

9 Room-8
Wall
Inner 3.28 2.4 7.872
2.7 2.4 6.48
5.84 2.4 14.016
3.28 2.4 7.872
Outer 3.28 2.8 9.184
Deduction
Door 1 2.1 4.2
Window 1.2 1.2 2.88

Total= 38.344
Partition Wall-
10 1
Wall
Inner 2.14 2.8 5.992
Outer 2.14 2.8 5.992
Total= 11.984
Partition Wall-
11 2
Wall
Inner 6 2.4 14.4
Partition Wall-
12 3
Wall 7.8 2.4 18.72
Net gross= 629.2864m2

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3.3.1 ADVANTAGES OF BISON PANEL

 Fire resistant.
 Weather resistant.
 Termite resistant.
 Sound insulation.
 Dimensionally stable.
 Smooth surface.
 Wood workability.
 Chemically stable.

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3.4 GREEN FIELD, BROWN FIELD, QUALITY, COST & TIME
AND APPROACH MANAGEMENT

3.4.1 GREENFIELD
Greenfield is a term from the construction industry that refers to undeveloped land. In
many disciplines a greenfield project is one that lacks constraints imposed by prior building and
its architectural assumptions. The analogy is to that of construction on greenfield land where
work starts from the scratch including acquisition of land, statutory permissions which are real
challenges.

3.4.2 BROWNFIELD
In a brownfield project the structure would need to be demolished or renovated. The
term brownfield was originally used in construction and development to reference land that at
some point was occupied by a permanent structure. Today, the term brownfield project is used in
many industries, including software development, to mean to start a project based on prior work
or to rebuild (engineer) a product from an existing one.

3.4.3 QUALITY, COST AND TIME

Fig.8 Quality, Cost and Time


The triangle illustrates the relationship between three primary forces in a project. Time is
the available time to deliver the project, cost represents the amount of money or resources
available and quality represents the fit-to-purpose that the project must achieve to be a success.
Time – Time, in construction, is analysed down to its smallest detail. The amount of time
required to complete each and every component of a project is analysed. Once analysis has taken
place, those components are broken down even further into the time required to do each task.
Obviously from all of this we are able to estimate the duration of the project as well as the
personnel and equipment required.

Cost – Resources always cost money so the two are interchangeable in many ways. When we
talk about the cost of a project, we are talking about what needs to be applied or assigned to
building of your new project in terms of money and effort in order to make things happen. This

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can be resources like manpower, machinery and materials. These could be owned directly by the
builder, or be in the form of contractors and external suppliers.

Quality – There are many components to quality however one particularly important one is the
scope of a project (often called the Scope of Work or Specifications). This is a clear, specific
statement as to what has been agreed to be performed/achieved in building your projects. In
other words – the contract, specifications and the drawings that you have signed.

3.4.4 APPROACH MANAGEMENT.

3.4.4.1 TOP DOWN APPROACH

 Resources professional prepare integrated, multipurpose „master‟ development plans


with alternative structural and non-structural management options.
 Dominance of professional; little participation of stakeholders.
 One or more institution have the ability and authority to develop and implement the plan.
 However, nowadays, since public have active participation in planning and management
activities, top down approach are becoming less desirable or acceptably.

3.4.4.2 BOTTOM UP APPROACH

 Active participation of interested stakeholders – those affected by the management of the


water and land resources.
 Plans are being created from the bottom up rather than top down.
 Top down Approach plans do not take into consideration the concerns of affected local
stakeholders.
 Bottom up Approach ensures cooperation and commitment from stakeholders.
 Trade-offs between conflicting goals or measures of performance.

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3.5 GREEN BUILDING
Introduction of Green Building

Green building is the idea of designing a home so that it is environmentally friendly. A green
building is an environmentally sustainable building, designed, constructed and operated to
minimize the total environmental impacts. It is environmentally responsible, profitable and a
healthy place to live and work. Buildings account for one-sixth of the world‟s fresh water
withdrawals, one-quarter of its wood harvest and two-fifths of its material and energy flows.
Building “green” is an opportunity to use our resources efficiently while creating healthier
buildings that improve human health, build a better environment and provide cost savings in
long run. Green building green architecture, sustainable building, high performance building,
high yield building and low impact building are all same and refers to a structure and using
process that is environmentally responsible and resource-efficient throughout a building‟s life-
cycle: from siting to design, construction, operation, maintenance, renovation and demolition.
This requires close cooperation of the design team, the architects, the engineers and the client at
all project stage.

History of Green Building

The concept of sustainable development can be traced to the energy (especially fossil oil) crisis
and the environment pollution concern in the 1970s. The green building movement in the US
originated from the need and desire for more energy efficient and environmentally friendly
construction practices. There are a number of motives for building green, including
environmental, economic and social benefits.

Necessity of Green Building

Many of us think that what is the use of having green technology, as it is very costly and require
highly skilled management, why can‟t we stick to the old conventional building practices? Stop
for a second and look around, we all can see that we are absolutely changing the nature, we are
cutting the green trees and forests and constructing the modern cities. We are using all the
renewable sources on the earth which are in limited quantities. Green building is essential
because we are running out of resources to continue living as we have in the past. We want there
to be enough resources for everyone now and in the future. Green building may seem like a
tricky investment at first, but the rewards are great over time.

Green buildings are required to replace traditional building because traditional buildings
consume or are responsible for:
• 45% of the world‟s total energy use
• 50% of all materials and resources
• 50% of wood use in North America
• 33% of the world‟s CO2 emission
• 80% of potable water use
• 25% of freshwater withdrawal (including power plants)

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• 40% of municipal solid waste destined for local landfills, and
• 50% of ozone-depleting CFC‟s still in use.

Objectives of Green Building

The common objective is that green buildings are designed to reduce the overall impact of the
built environment on human health and the natural environment by:
1.Efficiently using energy, water and other resources
2.Protecting occupant health and improving employee productivity
3.Reducing waste, pollution and environment impact.

Goals of Green Building

The following are the goals of a green building

1. Select the site so that the building can use maximum natural resources.
2. To design the building in such a way that it should use the resources efficiently
3. To use energy efficiently.
4. To use water efficiently.
5. To use materials efficiently.
6. To improve indoor environmental quality.
7. To optimize operation and maintenance.
8. To reduce waste from the building.

Fig.9 Example of a Green Building

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3.6 EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING
EARTH QUAKE
Earthquake is the vibration of earth‟s surface caused by waves coming from a source of
disturbance inside the earth. Most earthquakes of engineering significance are of tectonic origin
and is caused by slip along geological faults.

The typical characteristics of earthquake depend on:

1. Stress drop during the slip.

2. Total fault displacement.

3. Size of slipped area.

4. Roughness of the slipping process.

5. Fault shape (Normal fault, Reverse fault, Strike slip fault) .

6. Proximity of the slipped area to the ground surface.

7. Soil condition.

As the waves radiate from the fault, they undergo geometric spreading and attenuation due to
loss of energy in the rocks. Since the interior of the earth consists of heterogeneous formations,
the waves undergo multiple reflections, retraction, dispersion and attenuation as they travel. The
seismic waves arriving at a site on the surface of the earth are a result of complex superposition
giving rise to irregular motion.

Fig.10 Movement of strata during earthquake


Earthquake engineering is an interdisciplinary branch of engineering that designs and analyses
structures, such as buildings and bridges, with earthquakes in mind. Its overall goal is to make
such structures more resistant to earthquakes. An earthquake (or seismic) engineer aims to
construct structures that will not be damaged in minor shaking and will avoid serious damage or

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collapse in a major earthquake. Earthquake engineering is the scientific field concerned with
protecting society, the natural environment, and the man-made environment from earthquakes by
limiting the seismic risk to socio-economically acceptable levels.[1] Traditionally, it has been
narrowly defined as the study of the behaviour of structures and geo-structures subject to seismic
loading; it is considered as a subset of structural engineering, geotechnical
engineering, mechanical engineering, chemical engineering, applied physics, etc. However, the
tremendous costs experienced in recent earthquakes have led to an expansion of its scope to
encompass disciplines from the wider field of civil engineering, mechanical engineering and
from the social sciences, especially sociology, political science, economics and finance.
The main objectives of earthquake engineering are:

 Foresee the potential consequences of strong earthquakes on urban areas and civil
infrastructure.
 Design, construct and maintain structures to perform at earthquake exposure up to the
expectations and in compliance with building codes.
 Understand what happens between buildings and the ground.
 Understand what strong earthquakes or tsunamis might do to building structures.
 Design, build and maintain structures to last during an earthquake while following
building codes.

 IS Code 1893(2002) governing the earth quake resistant design.

Earthquake Technologies that help buildings resist earthquakes:

1. The Levitating Foundation


2. Shock Absorbers
3. Pendulum Power
4. Replaceable Fuses
5. Rocking Core-wall
6. Seismic Invisibility Cloak
7. Shape Memory Alloys
8. Carbon-fibre Wrap
9. Biomaterials
10. Cardboard Tubes

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3.7 ANTI-TERMITE TREATMENT
Anti-termite treatment is a process in which soil treatment is applied to a building in
early stages of its construction. The purpose of anti-termite treatment is to provide
the building with a chemical barrier against the sub-terrain termites.

Anti-termite treatment in Civil Engineering:

Fig.11 Applying anti-termite coat

Sub-terrain termites are responsible for most of the termite damage in buildings. Typically,
they form nests or colonies underground. In the soil near ground level in a stump or other
suitable piece of timber in a conical or dome shaped mound. The termites find access to the
super-structure of the building either through the timber buried in the ground or by means of
mud shelter tubes constructed over unprotected foundations.

Termite control in existing as well as new building structures is very important as the damage
likely to be caused by the termites to wooden members of building and other household article
like furniture, clothing, stationery etc. is considerable. Anti-termite treatment can be either
during the time of construction i.e. pre-constructional chemical treatment or after the building
has been constructed i.e. treatment for existing building.

Prevention of the termite from reaching the super-structure of the building and its contents can
be achieved by creating a chemical barrier between the ground, from where the termites come
and other contents of the building which may form food for the termites. This is achieved by
treating the soil beneath the building and around the foundation with a suitable insecticide.

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The pre constructional soil treatment is required to be applied during the construction stages of
the sub-structure up to plinth level. It covers the soil treatment with approved chemicals in water
emulsion in foundation trenches for columns, plinth beams, plinth filling, at junction of walls
and floor, in expansion joints etc. in stages as per the specification (IS 6313 (part II) 2001).

In order to ensure uniform distribution of the chemical emulsion and to assist penetration proper
site preparation is essential.

The effectiveness of chemical depends upon the choice of the chemical, the dosage adopted and
the thoroughness of application. The chemical solutions or emulsions are required to be
dispersed uniformly in the soil and to the required strength so as to form an effective chemical
barrier which is lethal and repellent to termites.

The chemical emulsion should have to be applied uniformly by sprayers at the prescribed rates
in all the stages of the treatment. The treatment by the chemical emulsion varies from 5–7
litres/sqm depending on the surfaces being treated. Utmost care shall be taken to see that the
chemical barrier is complete and continuous. Each part of the area shall receive the prescribed
dosage of chemical emulsion.

Care should be taken in the application of chemicals / soil toxicants to see to see that they are not
allowed to contaminate wells or springs and other sources of drinking water.

Chemicals used:

Any one of the following chemicals in water emulsion to achieve the percentage concentration
specified against each chemical shall be used.

1. Chlorphriphos emulsifiable concentrate of 20%

2. Lindane emulsifiable concentrate of 20%

Anti-termite treatment chemical is available in concentrated form in the market and


concentration is indicated on the sealed containers. To achieve the specified percentage of
concentration, Chemical should be diluted with water in required quantity before it is used.
Graduated containers shall be used for dilution of chemical with water in the required proportion
to achieve the desired percentage of concentration. For example, to dilute chemical of 20%
concentration. 19 parts of water shall be added to one part of chemical for achieving 1%
concentration.

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Safety Precautions.
Chemical used for anti-termite treatment are insecticides with a persistent action and are highly
poisonous. This chemical can have an adverse effect upon health when absorbed through the
skin, inhaled as vapours or spray mists or swallowed.
The containers having emulsifiable concentrates shall be clearly labelled and kept securely
closed in stores so that children or pet cannot get at them. Storage and mixing of concentrates
shall not be done near any fire source or flame. Persons using these chemical shall be warned
that absorption though skin is the most likely source of accidental poisoning. Particular care
shall be taken to prevent skin contact with concentrates and prolonged exposure to dilute
emulsion shall also be avoided. After handling the concentrates or dilute emulsion. Workers
shall wash themselves with soap and water and wear clean.

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Chapter 4
REFLECTION
4.1 TECHNICAL OUTCOMES
 In the beginning of internship. I was exposed to various codes and design standard, from
this it is easy to understand different construction structures.

 It is an excellent opportunity to see how the theories learned in classes are integrated
into the practical world.
4.2 NON TECHNICAL OUTCOMES
 Interpersonal skills, global awareness and understanding issues of diversity.
 Networking skills and group dynamics.
 Motivational and leadership skill.
 Quantitative skills.
 Ability to become self-learner.

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CONCLUSION

Throughout the internship, I understood

 The glimpse of practical work experience


 The idea in knowing the area of interest that I would like to work in construction field,
based upon the knowledge that we gained during this internship
 Improved my communication skills
 The difference between office and in site environment
 How to interact between co-workers, work in group and complete the task assigned
 How the tendering process works
 The nature of workplace and their associated values, routines and cultures

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REFERENCE

1. WIKIPEDIA, http://www.ril.com.
2. IS 456-2000, STEEL TABLE.
3. Dutta B N, “ ESTIMATION AND COSTING” UBSPD publishing house ,New Delhi

4. H.S. VISHWANATH, “ESTIMATION AND COSTING”.


5. Structural plans from reliance retail, Engineer, Procurement and Construction(EPC).

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