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UNIT LAB

Contents
CONTENT
INTRODUCTION 01

THEORY 02

EQUIPMENTS 03

PROCEDURE 04

CALCULATION 05
Name of student : Ahmed Abdulla
Number of student: (4)
Name of experiment: Size Reduction
Number of experiment: ( 1 )
Date of experiment : 14 \ 10 \ 2019
Group: ( A 1 )
AIM: to determine particle size distribution of
Ground bricks sample using sieve analysis
INTRODUCTION

Size reduction is major unit operation in industries handling


particulate solid. The industries like mineral
dressing, paint, cement, bauxite, as well as black powder
handles large amount solid materials which need to be grinded
to fine size
The equipment’s usually used for size reduction are,
1. Cutting machines like knife cutters, slitters, dicers
2. Crushers are used for coarse and fine size reduction.
3. Grinders are used for intermediate and fine size reduction.
4. Ultrafine grinders like hammer mills, agitated mills, fluid-
energy mills, etc.
The basic motive behind performing the size-reduction is to
make too large to be used solid materials usable.
Ball Mill
The equipment to be used for size reduction is ball mill. The
ball mill is kind of grinder used for intermediate or fine

Ball mill is a metal cylinder which rotates about its


horizontal axis. The coarse material charged along with the
metal balls breaks to fine powder by impact of metal
balls
THEORY

Size reduction of particle is very important and useful in


many chemical and other industries. This is because:

• Handling of small particles is easier as compared to that of


big particles
• There is an increase in surface area per unit volume, higher
surface area will enhance the rate of reaction involving solids
• Entrapped components are separated and may be available
for further reaction

We classify particles to remove contaminants and unlike


particles(wheat from chaff or metal particles from polymers)
We classify to remove unwanted parts of a size distribution.
Figure 1 shows the tailing and oversize particles that may be
removed from a material for a particular purpose

Figure 1
EQUIPMENTS

1- Set of sieves,

2- Sieve shaker

3- Digital balance

4- Ball miller

5- balls
PROCEDURE

1 Take about 500g of representative Ground bricks sample,


the sample should be oven dry.

2 Note the weight of sample

3 Place the set of sieve with cover at top and pan at the
bottom on a sieve Shaker, operate the shaker for 5 to 10
minutes

4 Remove the stack of sieve from the shaker and measure


the weight of Ground bricks retained on each sieve

5 put the weighted sample in ball miller for about 5 minutes

6 repeat previous steps but now use large and small balls
with the sample and put it in the miller

7 measure the weight obtained by using large and small balls


CALCULATION

Crusher calculation

diameter Weight(gm) Remaining weight Passing weight


2 140.36 29.1 29.1
1 70.46 14.6 43.7
0.250 127.19 26.4 70.1
0.212 23.11 4.7 74.8
0.150 31.73 6.5 81.3
0.038 85.18 17.6 98.9
D<0.038 3.47 0.72 99.62
Small ball(1cm)

diameter Weight(gm) Remaining weight Passing weight


2 34.07 53.58 53.58
1 19.58 22.93 76.51
0.250 4.20 6.6 83.11
0.212 0.53 0.83 83.94
0.150 2.95 4.63 88.57
0.038 7.07 11.11 99.68
D<0.038 0.18 0.283 99.96
Big ball (2cm)

diameter Weight(gm) Remaining weight Passing weight


2 7.62 11.95 11.95
1 6.66 10.44 22.30
0.250 30.33 47.56 69.59
0.212 4.92 7.72 77.67
0.150 9.35 14.66 92.33
0.038 9.77 15.32 107.63
D<0.038 0.04 0.06 107.69
passing weight vs diameter
big ball small ball crusher

120

100
passing weight

80

60

40

20

0
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5
diameter