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Answer on Question #78679 Physics / Other

m m
A Constant force acts on a 𝑚 = 5 kg object and reduces its velocity from 𝑣𝑖 = 7 to 𝑣𝑓 = 3
s s
in a time of 𝑡 = 3 s. Calculate:

a. The force required

b. The Displacement of the object

c. Work done on the object

d. Power

e. The Kinetic energy

Solution:

a)

𝑣𝑓 − 𝑣𝑖 3−7 20
𝐹 = 𝑚𝑎 = 𝑚 =5× =− N = −6.67 N
𝑡 3 3
b)

𝑣𝑓 + 𝑣𝑖 3+7
𝑆= 𝑡= × 3 = 15 m
2 2
c)

20
𝑊 =𝐹×𝑆 =− × 15 = −100 J
3
d)

𝑊 100
𝑃= = = 33.3 𝑊
𝑡 3
e)

𝑚𝑣𝑓2 5 × 32
𝐾𝑓 = = = 22.5 J
2 2
𝑚𝑣𝑖2 5 × 72
𝐾𝑖 = = = 122.5 J
2 2
Answers:

a) 𝐹 = −6.67 N
b) 𝑆 = 15 m
c) 𝑊 = −100 J
d) 𝑃 = 33.3 𝑊
e) 𝐾𝑓 = 22.5 J, 𝐾𝑖 = 122.5 J

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