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Tasyo - A scholar to some but a lunatic to others

Elias - Mysterious friend of Ibarra; his knight in shining armor Capitan Tiago - The pretentious Chinese half-breed married
Padre Damaso - The biological father of Maria Clara to Pia Alba
Quiroga - The Chinese merchant who helped Simoun on his Crispin - A seven year old boy who becomes a fatal target of
plans the blows of the parish caretaker
Pia Alba de los Santos - The mother of Maria Clara Father Salvi - Ecclesiastical governor of the archdiocese and
Tiburcio de Espadana - Bald Spaniard, husband of Dona incumbent curate of San Diego
Victorina Paulita Gomez -Niece of Dona Victorina and sweetheart of
Consalacion - The muse of the civil guards Isagani
Father Florentino - The real shepherd of God's flock Ben Zayb - The self-centered journalist
Father Camorra - Friar who has malicious intent towards Juli Kabesang Tales - Victim of land grabbing who later joined
Isagani - An idealist, a dreamer, and a virtuous lover banditry and used the alias "Matanglawin"
Placido Peniente - The student who hated physics Alfonso Linares - Spanish mestizo who wanted to marry
Sisa - Mother of Basilio Maria Clara
Lt. Guevara - The one who revealed the secret behind the
death of Don Rafael
Friars – were generally regarded as the “chief moral, political, & civil authority in the town, supported by their order, feared by the
Fr. Damaso – “listen to what the holy council says. When a native meets a priest on the street, he shall bend his head…
Fr. Salvi – secretly tries to spoil Ibarra’s project
Gov. General – acquired his appointment through bribery
Opium-smoking – it was allowed because it gives the government without any work at all.
Kabesang Tales – a case of maladministration to whom they favoured t he party that gave gifts.
Guardia Civil – stands out in its cruel treatments of the natives.
Elias – he proofs rampant abuses by pointin paralyzes communications.
Basilio – answering the only question they asked him like a machine
Fr. Florentino – simoun himself describes the suffering of Filipinos.
Capitana Tinay – I shall tell my son to give up his studies.
Isagani – “freedom is to man what education is to the mind”
Fr. Fernandez – he realize the need on the part to change its attitude towards the natives.
Noli Me Tangere – Berlin, Germany (March 29, 1889)
El Fili – Brussels, Belgium (September 18, 1891)
Isagani: Paulita – Basilio: Juli
Don Tiburcio: Dona Victorina – Tiago:Pia Alba

1. To the Filipino Youth
2. Goodbye to Leonor
3. To the Young Women of Malolos
4. Kundiman
5. Junto Al Pasig
6. Noli Me Tangere
7. El filibusterismo
8. Mi Ultimo Adios
9. Brindis – speech honouring painters luna and hidalgo

February 22, 1889 – rizal congratulated the young women of malolos for their exceptionally courageous behavior and delineated his
ideas on the nature and role of Filipino women.

Symbol: The yellow roses symbolist a Love, Purity, and Peace to the Women of Malolos . They also show that education is important
to each person .. and all Filipinos have a hidden talent and ability to raise the living

BACKGROUND “To the Young Women of Malolos” is an essay written by Jose Rizal while he was in London upon the request of
Marcelo H. Del Pilar December 12, 1888, a group of 20 young women of Malolos petitioned Governor-General Weyler for permission
to open a night school so that they might study Spanish under Teodoro Sandiko

Fr. Felipe Garcia objected their plan so, the governorgeneral turned down the petition. However, the women still continued their
petition of the school and they succeeded in obtaining government approval in a condition that Señorita Guadalupe Reyes should be
their teacher. Del Pilar (who was in Barcelona) wrote to Rizal (who was in London) on February 17, 1889, requesting to send a letter
in Tagalog to the brave women of Malolos. Rizal sent the letter to Del Pilar on February 22, 1889 for transmittal to Malolos

Summary Rizal pays homage to 20 women of Malolos who desire to educate themselves In this way, Rizal sees in these women a ray
of hope in restoring the Filipino women’s dignity and worth Rizal emphasizes the importance of Filipino mothers Rizal refers to
different women in society: mothers, daughters, wives and even the unmarried ones.

Responsibilities of Filipino mothers to their children There are many points mentioned in this portion of Rizal’s letter, but the central
idea is: Whatever the mother shows to her children is what the children will also become

Rizal’s advice to unmarried men and women Appearance and looks can be very deceiving Three things that young women should
look for a man she intends to be her husband: A noble and honored name A manly heart A high spirit incapable of being satisfied
with engendering slaves

Analysis “To the Women of Malolos” centers around five salient points (Zaide & Zaide, 1999): 1. Filipino mothers should teach their
children about the love of God, country and fellowmen 2. Filipino mothers should be glad and honored, like Spartan mothers, to
offer their sons in defense of their country

Filipino women should know how to protect their dignity and honor 4. Filipino women should educate themselves aside from
retaining their good racial values 5. Faith is not merely reciting prayers and wearing religious pictures. It is living the real Christian
way with good morals and manners.

Relevance in today’s society There are often times that mothers forget their roles to their children because of the overriding idea of
having to earn enough money to help the father sustain the family’s needs Activism of the Feminist groups in our country (e.g.


KUNDIMAN – reference to the enslavement of the Filipinos (In the beautiful Eats, where rises the sun, A beautiful land, so full of

HYMN TO TALISAY – enthusiastic like the young people of dapitan (mean home and security)

THE SONG OF THE TRAVELLER – he compared himself to “a dry leaf that hesitantly flies…”with the feeling that all his efforts are


TO MY FELLOW CHILDREN – he express his patriotism at the age of 8. (If truly a people dearly love…)