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ADDITIONAL REVIEWER FOR CONTEMPORARY PHILIPPINE ARTS FROM THE REGION

Arts – expression or application of human creative skills and imaginations.


- Producing works to be appreciated primarily from their beauty or emotional power.
Design - is a work process which has a user perspective and drives development based on your specific customers'
needs.
- The design process varies between different projects and design fields. Most designers have their own
description of the design process but mostly these resemble each other.
Fine art - refers to an art form practised mainly for its aesthetic value and its beauty ("art for art's sake") rather than its
functional value.
Mosaic - mosaic is a piece of art or image made from the assembling of small pieces of colored glass, stone, or other
materials.
Painting - defining aspects that unite all works of art under the category of painting include the use of certain materials
- Painting also helps children use their senses, express emotion, explore process and outcomes, explore color, and
create aesthetically pleasing works and experiences.
Sculpting – to create solid objects that represent a thing, person, idea, etc. out of a material such as wood, clay, metal,
or stone:
Carving - is the act of using tools to shape something from a material by scraping away portions of that material. The
technique can be applied to any material that is solid enough to hold a form even when pieces have been removed from it,
and yet soft enough for portions to be scraped away with available tools.
Literature - is defined as books and other written works, especially those considered to have creative or artistic merit or
lasting value.
Ballad – a kind of narrative poem, adapted for recitation or singing; specially, a sentimental or romantic poem in short
stanzas.
Filipino folk music – a type of popular music that is based on traditional music and that does not use electric
instruments.
Ballet - a classical dance form demanding grace and precision and employing formalized steps and gestures set in
intricate, flowing patterns to create expression through movement.
Ballet Folklorico - Baile folklorico, literally “folkloric dance in Spanish, is a collective term for traditional Latin American
dances that emphasize local folk culture with ballet characteristics – pointed toes, exaggerated movement, highly
choreographed arrangements.
Opera ballet - A popular French music drama which makes use of musical forms found in a ballet (instrumental
composition and dances) and those forms found in an opera ( aria and choruses)
Sculpture - the art of making two- or three-dimensional representative or abstract forms, especially by carving stone or
wood or by casting metal or plaster.

National art Centers in the Philippines


The Cultural Center of the Philippines (CCP)
- Established in 1969 through executive order no. 303. Its goal was to preserve, develop, and promotes arts and
culture in the Philippines. It also provides a venue for theatrical performances, concerts, and art exhibits here and
abroad.
The National Commission for Culture and the Arts
- Like CCP, NCCA is responsible for promoting, preserving, and developing culture and arts in the Philippines. It
was formed under Republic Act No. 7356 in 1992. Serving as the main organizational body for art development,
NCCA is the overall policy-making body and coordinator among cultural agencies. NCCA aims to encourage
artistic creation within a climate of artistic freedom.
*National Committee of Cinema (Cinema Rehiyon)
*National Committee on Dance (Sayaw Pinoy)
National Committee on Literary Arts (Literary Arts Festival)
*National Committee on Music (Tunug-tunugan)
*National Committee on Visual Arts (Philippine Visual Arts Festival)

National Living Treasures Award, alternatively known as the Gawad sa Manlilikha ng Bayan (GAMABA; lit. Award for
the Creators of the Country) is conferred to a person or group of artists recognized by the Government of the Philippines
for their contributions to the country's intangible cultural heritage.

Ateneo Art Gallery - Widely recognized today as the first museum of Philippine modern art.
- The Ateneo Art Gallery was established in 1960 through Fernando Zóbel's bequest to the Ateneo of his collection
of works by key Filipino post war artists.
Jorge B Vargas Museum and Filipiniana Research Center - In 1983, the University of the Philippines laid the
cornerstone for a building that would house Mr. Vargas’ collection, originally displayed in a private museum located in the
premises of his residence at the Kawilihan compound in Mandaluyong.
- The transfer of the objects to the Diliman campus began in 1986. The museum building was formally inaugurated
by then President Corazon C. Aquino on February 22, 1987.
Lopez Memorial Museum – The Lopez Museum was founded on 13 February 1960 by Eugenio Lopez, Sr in honor of his
parents, Benito Lopez and Presentacion Hofileña.
- Eugenio Lopez built the museum to provide scholars and students access to his personal collection of rare
Filipiniana books, manuscripts, maps, archaeological artifacts and fine art.
Ayala Museum - Envisioned during the 1950s by Philippine abstract painter Fernando Zóbel de Ayala y Montojo, as a
museum of Philippine history and iconography.
- The Ayala Museum was established in 1967 as a project of the Filipinas Foundation, now known as the Ayala
Foundation.

Filipino National Artists


Alonzo Saclag - Alonzo Saclag from Lubuagan, Kalinga is known for his talent in playing different Kalinga musical
instruments.
- He has contributed a lot in preserving Kalinga culture through dances, music and customs.
- In 2000, The National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA) declared Saclag as a Gawad sa Manlilikha ng
Bayan Awardee (National Living Treasure)
Federico Caballero – Sulod Bukidnon Epic Chanter
- 2000 GAMABA Awardee
- Famous works: Tikum Kadlung, Amburukay, Derikaryong Padla, Balanakon, Kalampay Sugidanon
Masino Intaray – Pala’wan epic chanter
- Plays the aroding (mouth harp) and babarak (ring flute)
- 1993 GAMABA awardee
- Tambilaw and the Tinapay are the most important rituals of vast and lavish sharing, particularly of food and
drinks, skills and ideas.
Teofilo Garcia - best known for his work with Tabungaw, a unique, functional, all-weather headpiece made of native
gourd.
- The native gourd, locally known as upo, is hollowed out, polished, and varnished to a bright orange sheen to
make it weather resistant.
- National Living Treasure Awardee, 2012 (Gawad sa Manlilikha ng Bayan)
Carlos Quirino – 1997
- Man of Destiny, The Great Malayan, Philippine Vartography, Filipinos at war.
Francisca Aquino – researches the Philippine Folk dance
- Aka “Mother of Philippine Dancing”
Alice Reyes – Founder of Ballet Philippines; Amada, Itim-asu, Bayanihan remembered

Jose M. Maceda - is considered the first legitimate Filipino avant-garde composer.


- He was the first Filipino composer to succeed in liberating Philippine musical expression from the colonial
European mould of symphonies, sonatas, and concertos.
Ramon P. Santos - Filipino composer, musicologist and ethnomusicologist.
- He is a National Artist of the Philippines for music, and University Professor Emeritus of the composition and
theory department the College of Music of the University of the Philippines Diliman.
- Santos was made a Chevalier de l'Ordre des Arts et Lettres in 1987. In 2014 he was named one of six National
Artists of the Philippines, together with five other persons.
- His works includes Ding Ding nga DIyawa, Nabasag na banga, etc.
Ryan Cayabyab - His musical output consists of several masses, award winning film and television scores, short
symphonic works, ten full-length Filipino musicals, a major opera, full length ballets, solo and instrumental works,
orchestrations of Filipino folk, popular and love songs, three one-man (he provided all 16 voices) a cappella song albums,
and scores of popular songs sung by top Filipino recording artists.
- In addition to winning several international music festival competitions, he has won countless awards from the
film, television and recording industries.
Honorata Dela Rama – Protector of the Philippine zarzuela and kundiman; Dalagang Bukid, Veronidia
Fr. Manuel Maramba - he has composed operas like Aba!, Sto. Nino, La Naval, and Lord Takayama Ukon
- His other major compositions are the music for Awakening which was commissioned by Ballet Philippines and
music for Philippine Ballet Theater’s production of Seven Mansions; three masses – Papal Mass for World Youth
Day, 1995; Mass in Honor of St. Lorenzo Ruiz, and the Mass in Honor of the Sto. Nino; three cantatas – St.
Lorenzo Ruiz, St. Benedict, and St. Scholastica; Three Psalms; A hymn in honor of St. Lorenzo Ruiz, and the
official hymn of the 1996 National Eucharistic Congress; a zarzuela entitled Ang Sarswela sa San Salvador, and
three orchestral works – Pugad Lawin, The Virgin of Naval, and Transfiguration