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Report

RESIDENTIAL BUILDING

SUBMITTED BY:

Bhimdutta MNC, Mahendra Nagar

2020

January 2016

Contents

`

List of Tables iv

List of Figuresv

1.1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 1

1.2 Objectives and Scope of Work ............................................................................................................. 1

1.3 Structural Components ........................................................................................................................ 1

1.4 Codes, Standards and References ...................................................................................................... 2

1.5 Structural Design Methodology ............................................................................................................ 3

2.1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 3

2.2 Seismic Parameters ............................................................................................................................. 3

2.3 Overall Design Procedure .................................................................................................................... 6

3.1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 6

3.2 Concrete .............................................................................................................................................. 7

3.3 Reinforcing Steel ................................................................................................................................. 7

3.4 Soil Bearing Capacity........................................................................................................................... 7

4.1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 7

4.2 Modeling of Structural System ............................................................................................................. 7

4.2.1 Beams ............................................................................................................................................7

4.2.2 Roof (OR FLOOR SLAB) ...............................................................................................................8

4.2.3 Columns .........................................................................................................................................8

5.1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 8

5.2 Gravity Load ........................................................................................................................................ 8

5.3 Seismic Load ..................................................................................................................................... 11

5.3.1 Code-based Design .....................................................................................................................12

5.4 Analysis Procedures .......................................................................................................................... 12

5.4.1 Code Based Design .....................................................................................................................12

5.5 Component and Member Design ....................................................................................................... 13

6.1 Introduction ........................................................................................................................................ 14

6.2 Analysis Results ................................................................................................................................ 14

6.2.1 Base Shear ..................................................................................................................................15

6.2.2 Story Drift .....................................................................................................................................16

6.2.3 Deformation .................................................................................................................................16

6.3 Concrete Column Design ................................................................................................................... 17

7.1 Analysis for Building Block ................................................................................................................. 17

7.1.1 Introduction: .................................................................................................................................17

7.1.2 General Information for Building Block: ........................................................................................19

Page ii

7.1.3 Footing Design for Residential Building Block: .............................................................................21

7.2 Typical Footing Design for Building Block (ISOLATED FOOTING) ................................................... 22

7.3 Typical Slab Design ........................................................................................................................... 23

7.4 Typical Staircase Design ................................................................................................................... 24

8.1 Summary ........................................................................................................................................... 25

8.1.1 Beam design summary ................................................................................................................25

8.1.2 Column Design Summary ............................................................................................................27

8.1.3 Footing Design Summary .............................................................................................................28

8.1.4 Slab Design Summary .................................................................................................................29

8.1.5 Staircase Design Summary ..........................................................................................................29

Page iii

List of Tables

Table 1:Typical Structural Member and Components .......................................................................................... 2

Table 12: General and Configuration Information of Residential building Block ........................................... 19

Page iv

List of Figures

p

Page v

Chapter 1 Introduction

1.1 Introduction

This report presents the structure analysis and design of Residential Building. The building is Special Reinforced Concrete

Moment Resisting Frame (SMRF) type of building. It is designed to meet both strength and serviceability requirements

when subjected to gravity and earthquake loads.

The analysis and design has been based on IS codes & Nepal building code that are in practice in Nepal. This report consists

of the design assumptions, design methodology, design inputs and outputs, and sample design of structural members.

The main objectives of the work were to perform the structural design of the building in

terms of suitability of the structural system, cost effectiveness, efficient use of materials and

other resources, conformance to the acceptable building codes, standards and

established engineering practices, with special emphasis on the effects due to

earthquakes and other applicable demands.

Structural system is developed to achieve the good performance and cost effectiveness

in collaboration with the project architects.

1) Review architectural drawings provided by the client and other related documents as

necessary.

2) Develop structural concepts and the structural system with an objective to achieve

good performance and cost effectiveness.

technologies, and tools. References were made to the relevant design codes, standards,

and documents.

1) Develop design criteria to be used for the structural design of the building.

2) Create finite element models of the structure with varying complexities and refinements

as suitable to understand the response.

3) Carry out an analysis and design of the structure, progressively using linear-static

techniques.

The components of structural system used for this report are summarized in the following

table.

Page 1

Table 1:Typical Structural Member and Components

Types

resisting frame (SMRF

Column RC sections 12"X12"

Building)

Beam RC sections 12"x9"

The structural design is based primarily on the current Standards of Indian & Nepal codes,

which is prevailingly adopted for the structural design of the buildings in Nepal.

The basic building codes to be referred are listed below which were followed for structural

design, also indicating their area of application.

Table 2:Codes and Standards

2 NBC 102: 1994 Code of Practice for Design Loads (other than Earthquake) for

Buildings

and Structures: Part 1 Dead Loads – UnitWeights of Building

Material and

Stored Materials (Second Revision)

3 NBC 103: 1994 Code of Practice for Design Loads (other than Earthquake) for

Buildings

and Structures: Part 2 Imposed Loads (Second Revision)

4 NBC 104: 1994 Code of Practice for Design Loads (other than Earthquake) for

Buildings

and Structures: Part 3 Wind Loads (Second Revision)

5 SP 34: 1987 Handbook on Concrete Reinforcement and Detailing

6 IS 13920: 1993 Ductile detailing of reinforced concrete structures subjected to

seismic

forces - Code of practice

7 NBC 105: 1994 Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of structures

The structural analysis and design were carried out using relevant Indian Codes of Practice. The earthquake loading were

carried out using IS1893 2002. The structural reinforced concrete design of foundation, column, beam and slab were done

based on IS 456. Also, the system has been designed to meet the ductility requirements of IS 13920.

Page 2

1.5 Structural Design Methodology

SAP2000 version 21..0 was used for the linear static analysis and design of three-dimensional structures, in which the

spatial distribution of the mass and stiffness of the structure was adequate for the calculation of the significant features of

structures.

The structural elements of reinforced concrete were designed to Limit State Theory, while the structural steel elements

were designed to the Permissible Stress Theory. The major structural elements were automatically designed in the

programmer to IS 456 for reinforced concrete structures elements, while the certain design calculations for those not

properly figured due to the limitation of program were manually carried out in accordance with the relevant latest standards.

2.1 Introduction

This chapter presents the design philosophy and approach used in structural design of

buildings.

This section describes the seismic parameters taken for analysis of each

commercial/residential building.

(Nepal Standard: NS 105:1994)

According to Nepal Standard NS:105: 1994, the horizontal seismic shear force acting at the

base of the structure, in the direction being considered, shall be :

Vb = Cd*Wt

Where, Cd is basic seismic coefficient.

Cd =C*Z*I*K

The horizontal seismic force at each level (i) shall be taken as:

Fi= Vb Wihi/ ΣW ihi

The set of equivalent static forces specified above were assumed to act simultaneously at

each level in the direction being considered and were applied through points eccentric

to the centre of rigidity.

The approximate fundamental natural period of vibration ( T ), in seconds, for moment -

resisting frame buildings without brick infill panels, was estimated by the empirical

expression:

T = 0.06 h0.75

Where

Page 3

h = Height of building

Base seismic coefficient (c):

To determine the seismic load, it is considered that the country lies in the seismic zone z=0.91

according to NBC-105. The soil is subsoil typeIII. The building is analyzed as moment resisting

frame without consideration of infill wall. Therefore the base seismic coefficient is obtained

by using the following graph of time period vs soil type:

Importance factor(I):

Importance factor for the calculation of seismic is taken as on the following type

Table 3: Importance factor

1 Residential Building 1

2 Public & commercial Building 1.5

Zone factore(z):

zone factors for different municipalities and other regions are given in below table and

region

Page 4

Structural performance factor(k):

The minimum permissible value of the structural performance factor, K, and associated

detailing requirements shall be as given in Table 8.2.

The structural type may be different in each of two directions in a building and in that case

the appropriate value for K shall be selected for each direction.

When more than one structural type is used in the structure, for the direction under

consideration, the structural performance factor for the element providing the majority of

the seismic load resistance shall be applied provided that the elements of the other

structural types have the ability to accept the resulting deformations.

Table 4: Structural Performance factor

performance

factor(k)

for ductility requirements.

concrete shear walls must comply with appropriate3

detailing for ductility

requirement

3 Frame as in 1(a) with masonry infills Must comply with the detailing 21.2

for ductility requirements.

bracing members detailed for comply with the detailing for

Page 5

ductility or reinforced concrete infill ductility requirements NBC 111-

panels 94.

Analysis and design of the buildings was performed according to the following steps for

each structural system.

1) Structural system/concept was developed for each structural system. Used the

basic structural systems described in Table 1.1 as a guideline.

2) Created the finite element model with varying complexity and refinement suitable

for developing understanding the response. Carried out different types of analysis

to determine the response of the building under gravity and lateral loadings.

3) Design the structural components to remain elastic under gravity and earthquake

loads under DBE level earthquake, as appropriate. Linear analysis was conducted

for DBE level earthquake with response reduction factor to determine the response

of the building. Design was carried out in accordance with the relevant provisions

of the latest national building code and Indian standard provisions.

4) If the global building and local component responses meet the acceptance

criteria, structural design drawings was prepared.

Architectural

Design

Step 1: Structural System

Development

Step 2: Modeling and Analysis

accordance with building

codes

Step 4: Design using IS & NBC code

take critical values for drawing.

Step 6: Preparation of

structural drawings

3.1 Introduction

This chapter presents the strength of materials used in the design of structural components.

Page 6

3.2 Concrete

The minimum compressive, used in different types of structural components are shown in

the following table.

Table 5: Compressive Strength of concrete

Standard Member

(MPa) (MPa)

NBC 102 :1994 Footings 20 20

Minimum yield strength of reinforcing steel to be used in the design is shown in the following

table.

Table 6 :Yield Strength of Reinforcing steel

fy (Nominal) fy (Expected)

Diameter

(MPa) (MPa)

10mm and below 415 456.5

Three types of Soil type were considered in the current design. The geometrical size of

footing was determined considering the allowable bearing capacity as 120 KN/m2

respectively.

4.1 Introduction

This chapter presents the finite element modeling of the building, including modeling

assumptions of materials, sections, and components properties.

Complete, three-dimensional elastic models were created, representing the structure’s

spatial distribution of the mass and stiffness to an extent that was adequate for the

calculation of the significant features of the building’s linear response. ETABS was used as

analysis tool. Nominal material properties were used in modeling of structural components.

The models include columns, beams, slabs, and roof truss.

4.2.1 Beams

Frame elements were used in modeling of beams, which includes the effects of bending,

torsion, axial deformation, and shear deformations. Insertion points and end offsets were

applied to account for the finite size of beam and column intersections, if required. The

Page 7

end offsets may be made partially or fully rigid based on engineering judgment to model

the stiffening effect that can occur when the ends of an element were embedded in beam

and column intersections.

Concrete thin shell elements were used in modeling of slab. Slab should be design in such

a way that its thickness is suitable on application of all loads within its maximum deflection

criteria.

4.2.3 Columns

Frame elements were used in modeling of columns, which includes the effects of biaxial

bending, torsion, axial deformation, and biaxial shear deformations. Insertion points and

end offsets were applied to account for the finite size of beam and column intersections,

if required. The end offsets may be made partially or fully rigid based on engineering

judgment to model the stiffening effect that can occur when the ends of an element were

embedded in beam and column intersections.

Chapter 5 Loads

5.1 Introduction

This chapter presents the design loads considered in the structural design, including gravity

loads and seismic loads.

Self-weight of the structure was considered as dead load and finishes and partitions were

considered as imposed dead load. Live load was determined in accordance with

occupancy or use. The following loads are in addition to the self-weight of the structure.

The minimum loading requirements were taken from NS 101-1994.

Table 7 : Live Load and Imposed Dead Load

To be computed for actual finishes and

Bedrooms 2.5 KN/m2

partitions

To be computed for actual finishes and

Corridors 4.0 KN/m2

partitions

To be computed for inaccessible except

Roof 0.75 KN/m2

for maintenance

Page 8

Figure 3: parapet load

Page 9

Figure 4:partition load

Page 10

Figure 5:wall load applied on beams

Parameter Value

NS 105:1994

Zone factor, Z 0.91

Importance factor, I 1

Structural performance factor, k 1

Soil type sub soil type III

Page 11

5.3.1 Code-based Design

Limit State Method design load combinations used in code-based design are shown in the

following table.(Ref: IS 1893:2002)

Table 9: Limit State Load Combinations used in Code-based Design

1 1.5(DL+LL)

2 1.2(DL+LL±EL)

3 1.5(DL±EL)

4 0.9DL ± 1.5 EL

LL = Live load

EL = Earthquake load

Analysis procedure of the code-based design was shown in the table below.

Table 10: Analysis Procedures for Code Base Design

The seismic weight at each level, Wi, were taken as the sum of the dead loads and the

seismic live loads between the mid-heights of adjacent storeys. 100% of dead load,

superimposed dead load and 25% of live load upto 3 kN/m2 and 50% of live load above 3

KN/m2were considered as mass source.

Page 12

Location of site = MAHENDRANAGAR

Type of building = Residential

Importance factor (I) = 1

Zone z = 0.92

Performance factor k = 1

NO OF STOREY = 2

Height of building = 6.096 m

As per clause 7.3 of NBC 105 fundamental time period of building is given by

T = 0.233 sec

For this time period and Type III soil Basic seismic coefficient

C = 0.08 [fig 8.1 NBC 105 ]

Design base shear coefficient Cd = 0.0736

Base shear = 126.13936 kN

Linear static analysis was carried out for gravity and earthquake loadings.

The structural components were designed to satisfy the strength and ductility requirements.

Strength capacities for different types of actions considered in the design are summarized

in the table below.

Table 11: Component and Member Design

System Approach/Consideration

Special RC RC beams Flexural response IS 456:2000

moment Shear

Resisting

RC columns Compression IS 456:2000

frame

Flexure

Shear

Footings Bearing capacity of soil IS 456:2000

Flexural, shear

RC Moment connections IS 456:2000

connections Shear connections

Page 13

Chapter 6 Structural Design Results

6.1 Introduction

This chapter presents the analysis and design results of the building. The structural

components were designed to resist the elastic demand forces considering R factor using

seismic coefficient analysis method.

The analysis results for the building are tabulated in section capture 7. Axial force diagram,

Bending Moment diagram, Shear Force diagram for certain load combinations are given

below

Page 14

Figure 7: Shear Force diagram (udcon1)

The base shear was compared in the above tie beam level. Total weight of building above

tie beam level and base shear is shown as in table in capture 7 below.Base shear

distribution is given below

Page 15

6.2.2 Story Drift

Maximum drift was calculated based on the SMRF structure. The deflection deviation from

SAP2000 uses to obtain the maximum drift for center of diaK6phragm for individual floor.

Drift check(Y-direction)

Storey LoadCase height(m) Absolute Drift(mm) Relative Drift(mm) permissible drift check

Ground EqX 3.048 0 0 12.192 OK

1st EqX 3.048 2.04 2.04 12.192 OK

2nd EqX 3.048 3.56 1.52 12.192 OK

Max drift = 3.83

Permissible drift = 24.384 Safe

Drift check(X-direction)

Storey LoadCase height(m) Absolute Drift(mm) Relative Drift(mm) permissible drift check

Ground EqY 3.048 0 0 12.192 OK

1st EqY 3.048 2.16 2.16 12.192 OK

2nd EqY 3.048 3.83 1.67 12.192 OK

6.2.3 Deformation

Maximum deformation of the building for static earthquake load condition for X and Y direction was checked

from SAP2000 model. Deformed value of the structure is tabulated in capture 7. Deflected shape of building in

x-dir and y-dir due to Eqx & Eqy respectively are shown below

Page 16

Figure 11:Displacement of 3d model (EqX)

The concrete column was designed using various sections with reference IS 456. The

minimum size of column was designed considering the ductile detailing with reference to

IS 13920. Section input to be provided is as shown in below diagrams

Foundation Design

Foundation was designed as an isolated footing. The dimension of the foundation was

calculated based on 150 kN/m2 soil bearing capacity. The thickness of 350 mm footing

was used for the foundation. The thickness was checked under punching shear and size of

footing was determined considering nominal load transfer mechanism from the column to

foundation below.

7.1 Analysis for Building Block

7.1.1 Introduction:

This chapter presents the finite element modeling of the building as mansion in chapter 2,

including modeling assumptions of materials, sections, components properties and design

and result of the building

Page 17

Figure 12: BEAM COLUMN & foundatin plan

Page 18

Figure 13:3D model of structural model

Table 12: General and Configuration Information of Residential building Block

A.1 Owner’s Name:

Address: Bhimdutta MNC-

A.3 Types of Building: Residential Building

A4 Plinth area(sq.ft)

A.5 Structural Designed By:

Consultancy Firm: Technical Services & Solutions pvt Ltd.

Designers’ Name: Dambar Mouny

Nepal Engineering Council No: 21461 Civil"A"

Geometrical Configuration of

B

Building:

B.1 No. of Block: 1

B.2 No. of Story: 2

B.3 Story Height:

Basements 0

Ground Floor 3.048

Typical 3.048

B.4 No. of column: 9 Ground Floor

B.5 No. of Lift: 0

B.6 No. of staircase: 1 Ground Floor

6.096

B.7 Total height of structure:

Total height for Fundamental time

B.8 6.096

period calculation:

B.9 Height to width ratio of building: 0.75

B.10 Length to width ratio of building: 1.38

C Geological Investigation:

C.1 Soil Investigation Report:

C.2 Soil Investigation Done By:

for

KN/

C.3 Allowable Bearing Capacity: 120 isolated

m2

footing

Structural Analysis and Design

D

Procedure:

Page 19

Structural Analysis

D.1

Software:(Sap2000V20)

D.2 Structural System: SMRF

D.3 Foundation System: Isolated Foundation

D.4 Loading Parameters:

As per

NBC

i. Dead Load:

(102:199

4)

As per

NBC

ii. Live Load:

(103:199

4)

iii. Other Load if any

Foundation, Column,

D.5 Concrete Grade Used: 20 Mpa

Beam, Slab

HYSD

D.6 Reinforcement Grade Used: Mpa

500

Reinforcement Grade Used for HYSD

Mpa

shear: 415

Mechanical Properties of other

D.7

construction materials used:

i. Brick 19.2 KN/m3

ii. Steel Section 76.9 KN/m3

iii. Other

D.10.

D.10.1 Zone Factor (Z): 0.91

D.10.2 Importance Factor(I): 1

D.10.3 Soil Type: III

0.233

D.10.4 Fundamental Time Period (Tx/y): 0.233 sec

Design horizontal Seismic

D.10.6 0.0728

Coefficient (Cd):

D.10.7 Seismic Weight: 1713.85 kN

Design Seismic Base Shear

D.10.8 126.14 kN

(Vbx/y):

D.11 Seismic Analysis Method:

D.11.1 Seismic Analysis method Seismic Coefficient Method

D.11.2 Total Deflection of Building:

i. Along X-direction: 3.83 mm

ii. Along Y-Direction: 3.56 mm

D.11.3 Inter Story Deflection (Drift): EQx EQy

Storey 2 1.67 1.52 mm

Storey 1 2.16 2.04 mm

D.11.4 Separation Between blocks if any:

D.11.5 Load Combination Considered: (NS 105:1994)

Page 20

1.5(DL)

1.5(DL+LL)

1.2(DL+LL±EQx/y)

1.5(DL±EQx/y)

0.9DL ± 1.5 EQx/y

E. Reinforced Concrete Design

E.1 Concrete Design code Referred: IS456:2000

E.2 Ductile Detailing code Referred: (IS13920:1993)

E.3 elements foundation, slab, IS456:2000

staircase, retaining wall etc:

Foundation was designed as an isolated footing based on 150 kN/m 2 bearing capacity

dimension of footing was calculated. The thickness was checked under punching shear.

The thickness of foundation used for calculation was 500 mm.

Page 21

7.2 Typical Footing Design for Building Block (ISOLATED FOOTING)

Input Calculation Output Date : 12 January 2020

Footing Mark B3 Grade of Concrete (f ck )

Length of Column (l ) 0.30 m Grade of Steel (f y )

2 1.5

Width of Column (b ) 0.30 m Axial Force (P ) 288.00 kN

Diameter of Bar in Column (φ c) 16 mm Bending Moment about X-X (M x-x ) 0.00 kN-m

2

Length of Footing (L ) 1.53 m Bending Moment about Y-Y (M y-y ) 0.00 kN-m

Width of Footing (B ) 1.53 m Multiplying Factor for SBC 1

Depth of Footing (D ) 0.50 m Load Combination Type 2 1.5

Depth of Footing at the edge (d edge ) 0.40 m Type of Footing 2

Diameter of Bar (φ ) 12 mm Exposure Condition

Soil Bearing Capacity (SBC) 120.0 kN/sq. m Pressure Consideration for Design

Size of Footing is adequate for Initial Consideration of Soil Pressure.

No Tension in Footing.

Safe for One Way Shear Criteria in Short Direction.

Safe for One Way Shear Criteria in Long Direction.

Safe for Punching Shear Criteria.

Bearing Capacity is sufficient for Load Transfer.

Required Spacing for Bars along the Length of Footing 300 mm Provided Spacing for Bars along the Length of Footing 150 mm

Required Spacing for Bars along the Width of Footing 300 mm Provided Spacing for Bars along the Width of Footing 200 mm

Required Spacing for Bars along the Width in the Central Band 300 mm Provided Spacing for Bars along the Width in the Central Band 200 mm

Provide 12 mm φ @ 150 mm c/c along the length of the footing.

Provide 12 mm φ @ 200 mm c/c along the width of the footing.

Provide 12 mm φ @ 200 mm c/c along the width of the footing in the central band.

Extend 4 bars of 16 mm φ from column to footing with a development length of 760 mm

1.53 m

12 mm φ @ 200 mm c/c

0.30 m

0.30 m

1.53 m

12 mm φ @ 200 mm c/c

0.80 m 0.80 m

12 mm φ @ 150 mm c/c

Page 22

7.3 Typical Slab Design

SLAB DESIGN

Input Calculation Output Date : 12 January 2020

Slab Mark S1 Floor Finish (w sdl) 1.70 kN/m2

Overall Depth (D) 125 mm Live Load (w sl) 2.50 kN/m2

Effective Cover (d') 15 mm Other Loads (w vl) 0.00 kN/m2

Grade of Concrete (fck) 7 Self Weight (w dl) 3.13 kN/m2

Grade of Steel (fy) Total Load (w) 7.33 kN/m2

Clear Span in Shorter Direction (l x) 3.12 m Factored Total Load (w u) 10.99 kN/m2

Clear Span in Longer Direction (l y) 5.12 m Edge Support Condition

Reinforcement Details

Diameter of Bars along Shorter Direction at Mid-span (φ x-mid) 10 mm Diameter of Bars along Shorter Direction at Support (φ x-sup) 10 mm

Diameter of Bars along Longer Direction at Mid-span (φ y-mid) 10 mm Diameter of Bars along Longer Direction at Support (φ y-sup) 10 mm

Spacing for Bars along Shorter Direction at Mid-span (s x-mid) 300 mm Spacing for Bars along Shorter Direction at Support (s x-sup) 300 mm

Provided Spacing for Bars along Shorter Direction at Mid-span 150 mm Provided Spacing for Bars along Shorter Direction at Support 200 mm

Spacing for Bars along Longer Direction at Mid-span (s y-mid) 300 mm Spacing for Bars along Longer Direction at Support (s y-sup) No R/F

Provided Spacing for Bars along Longer Direction at Mid-span 250 mm Provided Spacing for Bars along Longer Direction at Support 450 mm

Diameter of Bars in Mesh (φ t) 10 mm Spacing of Bars in Mesh (st) 200 mm

Provide 10 mm φ @ 200 mm c/c both ways at top and bottom at each corner over an area 630 mm × 630 mm

Strength Criteria

pt,lim 0.96 % pt,provided 0.48 %

Design is Safe for Strength Criteria

Deflection Criteria

Middle Support

(l/d)max 40.00 40.00

Shorter Direction

(l/d)provided 29.37 29.37

(l/d)max 40.00 N/A

Longer Direction

(l/d)provided 32.30 N/A

Design is Safe for Deflection Criteria

Shear Criteria

Design is Safe for Shear Criteria

DRAW

10 φ @ 200 mm

10 φ @ 150 mm 10 φ @ 200 mm

3.12 m

10 φ @ 250 mm

5.12 m

Page 23

7.4 Typical Staircase Design

Staircase Design

Data

Effective Span (l) 2.78 mm m

Riser (R) 150 mm

Thread (T) 250 mm

Waist Slab thickness (t) 125 mm

Clear Cover 15 mm

Effective Depth of Waist Slab (d) 110 mm

Grade of Steel (fy) 415 MPa

Loading

Loads on going Loads on waist slab

Self weight of waist slab 3.64 KN/m Self weight of landing slab 3.13 KN/m

Self weight of steps 1.88 KN/m Live Load 4.00 KN/m

Live Load 4.00 KN/m Floor Finish Load 1.00 KN/m

Floor Finish Load 1.50 KN/m Total Load 8.13 KN/m

Total Load 11.02 KN/m Factored Load 12.19 KN/m

Factored Load 16.53 KN/m

Bending Moment

Calculate Bending Moment using the equation (W*L*L )/8

Bending Moment = 16 KN-m

Reaction

to be used as UDL = 23 KN

60 KN-m

Ast 439 sqmm

Spacing

Diameter of bar 12ø 16ø

Spacing across x 258 c/c 458 c/c

Ast 150 sqmm

Spacing

Diameter of bar 8ø 10ø

Spacing across y 335 c/c 524 c/c

Page 24

Chapter 8 Summary

8.1 Summary

Structural design was carried out for buildings. Structural system was Special moment

resisting reinforced concrete frame system with in-filled wall. Special moment resisting

frame was analyzed with seismic load from NBC 105:1994 and reinforced concrete

members were designed with IS456. The outputs from both codes were compared. The

reinforced concrete section was taken from bigger value among the values obtained from

the codes. The foundations were designed as isolated footing considering the bearing

capacity of soil 120KN/m2 respectively. The proposed design satisfies the key requirement

of the building codes.

The detail structural drawings of all structural elements, ductile detailing as well as non

structural elements is in separate volume of drawing. The output results were as per analysis

done in SAP2000 V20 which is provided in CD

Page 25

Figure 15: Second Floor Reinforcment required

1 1st storey 1-1,2-2,3-3,4-4 Top 2-16Ø+1-12 Ø 2-16Ø 8mm@150c/c

Page 26

8.1.2 Column Design Summary

Page 27

Figure 18: grid-C longitudinal reinforcmnt required

reinforcment

1 ALL 12X12 4-16 Ø+4-12 Ø 8mm @ 150 c/c

Table 15: Footing Design Summary

NO ID

LENGTH( WIDTH SLOPE END

m) (m) THICKNESS THICKNESS LONGITUDINAL TRANSVERAL

ALL F1 1.53 1.53 0.4 0.25 12Ø@200C/C 12Ø@200C/C

NOTES

F1 5'X5'

Page 28

8.1.4 Slab Design Summary

Table 16: Slab Design summary

1 10 mm @ 200 mm c/c 8 mm @ 150 mm c/c

S.N Portion Main bar distribution

bar

1 Flight 10 mm @ 150 mm 8mm @ 300

c/c mm c/c

Landing 10 mm @ 200 mm 8mm @ 300

c/c mm c/c

SAP2000 V20 Concrete Frame Design

Page 29

Appendix B: Sample Design for RC Beam

SAP2000 V20 Concrete Frame Design

IS 456:2000 Beam Section Design

Page 30

Appendix C: COLUMN BEAM CAPACITY RATIO

C/B ratio

Ratio of flexural capacity of Beam/column is computed to preclude the formation of plastic hinges in

columns for obvious reasons.

Sum of flexural capacities of column at a joint should be 1.2 times the capacities of beam framing

into the joint in particular direction.

When capacity is exceeded, we can increase the size of column, or reduce the size of beam, or play

with reinforcement of members. It has nothing to do with redistribution of moments; If both end of

column will yield, during a seismic event, in a particular story, structure will most probably

collapse. In a frame, that is resisting lateral loads, you cannot take away the ability of beam to

develop negative moment; if you do not provide top reinforcement, it will not be called a moment

resisting frame, and will not resist lateral loads.

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