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Required Design Data: Solving for the loads to be carried by the truss:
Dead Loads consist of the weight of all Length of Truss LT 15 m
materials of construction incorporated into the
building or other structure, including but not Height of Truss HT 1.50 m 1. Roof Covering
limited to walls, floors, roofs, ceiling, Length of Top Chord LTC 7.6485 m Wrc = Wrc x 0.00981kN/kg
Bay Length BL 5m Wrc = 3.260kg/m^2 x 0.00981kN/kg
and other similarly incorporated architechtural
and structural items, and fixed service Purlin Spacing SP 0.70 m Wrc = 0.0320 kPa
equipment, including the weight of cranes. Support Spacing Ss 5.00 m 2. Purlins
(NSCP 2010, Page 2-9) Roof Slope Ѳ 11.31 Wp = (Wp x 0.00981kN/kg x No. of purlins)/Ltc
sinѲ 0.20 Wp = (10kg/m x 0.00981kN/kg x 13)/9.3408m

## cosѲ 0.98 Wp = 0.1833 kPa

3. Bracing System
Material Properties: Wb=1lb/ft^2 𝑥 0.453592kg/1𝑙� x 0.00981kN x 1ft/
1. Roof Covering W = 3.260 kg/m2 (0.3048𝑚^2)
Design Calculation: Colorbond Trimdex Hi-Ten ###
2. Purlins W = 8.93 kg/m 4. Sag and Tie Rod
Determination of Dead Load effects 3. Bracing System W = 1.00 lb/ft^2 Wsr = (Wsr x 0.00981kg/m)/1m
on truss members: 4. Sag and Tie Rod W = 1.600 kg/m Wsr = (1.578kg/m x 0.00981kN/kg)/7.7621m

## 5. Ceiling Wsr = 0.0021 kPa

1. Roof Covering Suspended Steel Channel W = 0.10 kN/m2 5. Ceiling
System
2. Purlins Acoustical Fiber Board W = 0.05 kN/m2 Wc = 0.10kPa + 0.05kPa + 0.20kPa
3. Bracing System Mechanical Duct Allowance W = 0.20 kN/m2 Wc = 0.3500 kPa
4. Sag and Tie Rod 6. Ridge Roll W = 0.0793 kN/m2
5. Ceiling G.I. or Plane Sheet
6. Ridge Roll 7. Self Weight of Truss
7. Self Weight of Truss Imperical Formula:
Wt = 0.4 + 0.04(LT) W = 1.0000 kN/m^2 6. Ridge Roll
Wrr = Wrr
###
P3
P2 P2
7. Self Weight of Truss P2 P2
P2 P2
P2 P2 P2
Fuller's Formula P1 G
P2
F H P1
I
Wt = 0.4 + 0.04LT (LT - Convert to ft.) D
E
J
C K
B L
A M
(3.281 𝑓𝑡)/(1 𝑚)
S N
Wt = 0.4+0.04(15 m x ) Z Y X W V U T R Q P O

## Wt=2.37lb/ft^2 𝑥 0.453592kg/1𝑙� x 0.00981kN x

1ft/(0.3048𝑚^2) 5.0000 m 5.0000 m 5.0000 m

Wt = 0.1134 kPa R1 R2 R3 R4
∑P = P1(2) + P2(10) + P3 + P4(2) + P5(11)
∑P = 55.1000 kN

2.8625 kN
Solving for point loads at the top chord joints: 2.3669 kN
2.3669 kN 2.3669 kN
2.3669 kN 2.3669 kN
Joint A & M: Solving for point loads at the bottom 2.3669 kN 2.3669 kN
2.3669 kN
1.1834 kN 2.3669 kN 2.3669 kN 1.1834 kN
G
TL = 0.6250 m chord joints: E
F H
D I
J
P1 = (Wrc+Wp+Wb+Wsr+Wg+Wt) x TL x BL Joint A & M: B
C K
A L
M
P1 = 0.3787 x 0.625 x 5 TL = 0.63 m N
Z Y X W V U T S R Q P O
P1 = 1.1834 kN P4 = Wc x TL x BL
1.0938 kN 2.1875 kN 2.1875 kN 2.1875 kN 2.1875 kN 2.1875 kN 2.1875 kN 2.1875 kN 2.1875 kN 2.1875 kN 2.1875 kN 2.1875 kN 1.0938 kN
Joint B-F & H-L: P4 = 0.35 x 0.625 x 5

## TL = 1.2500 m P4 = 1.0938 kN 5.0000 m 5.0000 m 5.0000 m

P2 = (Wrc+Wp+Wb+Wsr+Wt) x TL x BL Joint X to N: R1 R2 R3 R4
P2 = 0.3787 x 1.25 x 0.98058067569092 TL = 1.25 m
P2 = 2.3669 kN P5 = Wc x TL x BL
Joint G: P4 = 0.35 x 1.25 x 5 Convert into Uniform Load:

## P3 = (Wrc+Wp+Wb+Wsr+Wt+Wrr) x TL x BL W = 3.6733 kN/m

P1 = 0.458 x 1.25 x 5
P3 = 2.8625 kN W = 3.6733 kN/m

R1 R2 R3 R4
W = 3.6733 kN/m

## 5.0000 m 5.0000 m 5.0000 m

R1 R2 R3 R4
Moment at Supports
Stiffness Factor, K:
With constant values of E=200 000 MPa
and LB=5 m and assumed I, relative
stiffness factor may be used generally as K.
Thus,

## K=I/L� = I/5 FEM

=(𝑊�^2)/1
2
FEM AV = FEM VR = FEM RN = -(3.5257 KN/m)(5m)²
12
Distribution Factor, DF:
DF=K/ΣK FEM AV = FEM VR = FEM RN = -7.6527
where:
DF= 0 at fixed end
DF= 1 at hinged or roller end
FEMVA = FEMRV = FEMNR = (3.5257 KN/m)(5m)²
12
FEMVA = FEMRV = FEMNR = 7.6527
P3
P2 P2
P2 P2
P2 P2
P2 P2 P2
P2
P1 G
F H P1
E I
D J
C K
B L
A M
Z Y X W V U T S R Q P O N

P4 P5 P5 P5 P5 P5 P5 P5 P5 P5 P5 P5 P4

## 5.0000 m 5.0000 m 5.0000 m

R1 R2 R3 R4
MOMENT DISTRIBUTION METHOD
Joint A V R N
Member AV VA VR RV RN NR

DF 1 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 1
FEM -7.6527 7.6527 -7.6527 7.6527 -7.6527 7.6527
1
BM 7.653 0 0 0 0 -7.653 For Segment AV:
COM 0 3.827 0 0 -3.827 0
2
BM 0 -1.914 -1.914 1.914 1.914 0
COM -0.957 0 0.957 -0.957 0 0.957
3
BM 0.957 -0.479 -0.479 0.479 0.479 -0.957
COM -0.24 0.4785 0.24 -0.24 -0.479 0.24
4
BM 0.24 -0.3593 -0.359 0.36 0.36 -0.24
COM -0.18 0.12 0.18 -0.18 -0.12 0.18
5
BM 0.18 -0.15 -0.15 0.15 0.15 -0.18
COM -0.075 0.09 0.075 -0.075 -0.09 0.075 ∑M@R2a= 0 +
6
BM 0.075 -0.0825 -0.083 0.083 0.083 -0.075
COM -0.041 0.0375 0.042 -0.042 -0.038 0.042 R1 =
7
BM 0.041 -0.0398 -0.04 0.04 0.04 -0.042
COM -0.02 0.0205 0.02 -0.02 -0.021 0.02
8
BM 0.02 -0.0203 -0.02 0.021 0.021 -0.02
COM -0.01 0.01 0.011 -0.01 -0.01 0.011 ∑Fv+ = 0
9
BM 0.01 -0.0105 -0.011 0.01 0.01 -0.011 R2a = 3.6733(5) - R1
COM -0.005 0.005 0.005 -0.006 -0.006 0.005 R2a = 11.02000 kN ↑
10
BM 0.005 -0.005 -0.005 0.006 0.006 -0.005
COM -0.003 0.0025 0.003 -0.003 -0.003 0.003
11
BM 0.003 -0.0028 -0.003 0.003 0.003 -0.003
COM -0.001 0.0015 0.002 -0.002 -0.002 0.002
12
BM 0.001 -0.0018 -0.002 0.002 0.002 -0.002
MOMENT 0.00 kN-m 9.180 kN-m -9.180 kN-m 9.2 kN-m -9.2 kN-m 0.0 kN-m
SOLVING FOR REACTIONS

## 3.673 kN/m 9.18 kN/m 3.6733 kN/m 3.6733 kN/m

9.18 kN-m
9.18 kN/m 9.18 kN/m

∑M@R4= 0 +
∑M@R2a= 0 + R3b = 3.6733(5)(2.5) + 9.18 - 0
∑M@R3a = 0 + 5.00 m
3.6733(5)(2.5) - 9.18 R3b = 11.0190 kN ↑
5.00 m R2b = 3.6733(5)(2.5) + 9.18 - 9.19
R1 = 7.350 kN ↑ 5.00 m R3 = R3a + R3b
R2b = 9.1800 kN ↑ R3 = 8.8100 kN + 10.5810 kN
∑Fv+ = 0 R3 = 20.200 kN ↑
R2a = 3.6733(5) - R1 R2 = R2a + R2b
R2a = 11.02000 kN ↑ R2 = 8.8100 kN+ 8.8200 kN ∑Fv+ = 0
R2 = 20.2000 kN ↑ R4 = 3.6733(5) - 11.0190
R4 = 7.3500 kN ↑
∑Fv+ = 0
R3a = 3.6733(5) - R2b CHECKING
R3a = 3.6733(5) - 9.18 ∑P = ∑REACTION
R3a = 9.1900 kN ↑ 55.1 = R1 + R2 + R3 + R4
55.1 = 55.10 kN

2.8625 kN
2.3669 kN 2.3669 kN
2.3669 kN
2.3669 kN 2.3669 kN
2.3669 kN 2.3669 kN
2.3669 kN
1.1834 kN 2.3669 kN G H
F I 2.3669 kN 1.1834 kN
E J
D 11 12 K
C 9 14 L
5 7 8 13 16
B 3 6 10 15 17 18 20 M
A 1 2 4 19 21 22
N
Z Y X W V U T S R Q P O

1.0938 kN 2.1875 kN 2.1875 kN 2.1875 kN 2.1875 kN 2.1875 kN 2.1875 kN 2.1875 kN 2.1875 kN 2.1875 kN 2.1875 kN 2.1875 kN 1.0938 kN

## 7.3500 kN 20.2000 kN 20.2000 kN 7.3500 kN

6 W
A

4 X

2 Y

1 Z

7
3 5
E

S
9 F

15
11 T
G

13
12 U 10 H

V
8
14
I

22 20 18 O
K 16
21 P

19 M

R N

17
APEX OF ROOF BEAM

CEILING LEVEL

CEILING LEVEL

CEILING LEVEL

## FRONT VIEW ELEVATION

SCALE : 1 : 100 M

PROJECT TITLE :

## COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, PROPOSED THREE ISRAEL N. DATUMANONG

TECHNOLOGY & COMPUTING STOREY - U SHAPED HOTEL BSCE 5B
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, PROPOSED THREE ISRAEL N. DATUMANONG
TECHNOLOGY & COMPUTING STOREY - U SHAPED HOTEL BSCE 5B

CEILING LEVEL

CEILING LEVEL

CEILING LEVEL

## FRONT VIEW ELEVATION

SCALE : 1 : 100 M

PROJECT TITLE :

## COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, PROPOSED THREE ISRAEL N. DATUMANONG

TECHNOLOGY & COMPUTING STOREY - U SHAPED HOTEL BSCE 5B
. DATUMANONG
BSCE 5B
APEX OF ROOF BEAM

CEILING LEVEL

CEILING LEVEL

CEILING LEVEL

## FRONT VIEW ELEVATION

SCALE : 1 : 100 M

PROJECT TITLE :

## COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, PROPOSED THREE ISRAEL N. DATUMANONG

TECHNOLOGY & COMPUTING STOREY - U SHAPED HOTEL BSCE 5B
2.0756 kN
4.1511 kN
4.1511 kN
Building, towers, and other vertical structures, 4.1511 kN
4.1511 kN
including the Main Wind Force Resisting System 4.1511 kN F
G

D
E

## shall be designed and constructed to resist wind loads C

B
as specifies herein. A
(NSCP 2010, Page 2-17) 4.9029 m

4.9029 m
R4
WINDWARD DATA
Windward Load -0.6513 kPa 4.9029 m
R3
Bay Length (BL) 5m R2
Length of Top Chord (LTC) 7.6485 m
Spacing of Support 4.9029 m
R1

Pjoint = P x BL x LTC ∑P = WWL x BL x LTC
Where: ∑P = -0.651284671628915kPa x 5m x 7.6485m
TL = tributary length of Joint ∑P = 24.907 kN ↑

## Joint A & G: Convert into Uniform Load

TL = 0.637375 m W = P/LT
P1 = P x TL x BL W = 24.9068/7.6485

P1 = 2.0756 kN ↑
2.7456 m

## Joint B to F: 3.2564 kN/m

2.1573 m
TL = 1.27475 m 4.9029 m 4.9029 m 4.9029 m

P2 = P x TL x BL

P2 = -0.651284671628915kN/m2 x 1.27475m x 5m R1 R2 R3 R4
2.1573 m
4.9029 m 4.9029 m 4.9029 m

R1 R2 R3 R4
P2 = 4.1511 kN ↑
Moment at Support
Stiffness Factor, K:
With constant values of E=2
MPa and LB=5m and assume
relative stiffness factor may
generally as K. Thus,

K=I/L� =
I/4.5

## Distribution Factor, DF:

DF=K/ΣK
where:
DF= 0 at fixed end
DF= 1 at hinged or roller en

## Fixed End Moment (FEM

FEM
=(𝑊�^2)/
12
FEMAB = FEMVS =

FEMAB = FEMVS =

FEMAB = FEMVS =

FEMAB = FEMVS =
Moment at Supports 2.1573 m Joint
2.7456 m
Stiffness Factor, K: Member
With constant values of E=200 000 7.6485 m
Stiffness (K)
MPa and LB=5m and assumed I,
relative stiffness factor may be used DF
generally as K. Thus,
1
4.9029 m

K=I/L� = R4

I/4.5 4.9029 m
2
R3

## Distribution Factor, DF:

4.9029 m
3
DF=K/ΣK R2

where:
DF= 0 at fixed end R1
4
DF= 1 at hinged or roller end
5

## Fixed End Moment (FEM): X2 = 2.74560

7
FEM X1 = 2.15730
=(𝑊�^2)/ 8
12
〖���〗 _𝑆𝑃 =−3.2505/(4.9029)^2 [((4.9029)²(2.74560)²)/2−(2(4.9029) (2.74560)^3)/3+ 〖 (2.7456) 〗 ^4/4]
FEMAB = FEMVS = -(3.2505 kN)(4.9029)²
9
12
FEMAB = FEMVS = -6.5232
10
FEMSP = -5.0339785306
FEMAB = FEMVS = (3.2505 kN)(4.9029)²
11
12 〖���〗 _𝑆𝑃 =3.2505/(4.9029)^2 [((4.9029) (2.74560)^3)/3− 〖 (2.7456) 〗 ^4/4]
FEMAB = FEMVS = 6.5232
12

## FEMSP = 0.4053387248 MOMENT

MOMENT DISTRIBUTION METHOD
Joint A V R N
Member AV VA VR RV RN NR
Stiffness (K) 0.2039609211 0.2039609211 0.2039609211 0.2039609211 0.2039609211 0.2039609211 FOR WINDLOAD ( WINWAR
DF 1 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 1
FEM -6.5232 6.5232 -5.0340 0.4053 0.0000 0.0000
BM 6.523 -0.745 -0.745 -0.203 -0.203 0 For Segment AV:
COM -0.373 3.262 -0.102 -0.373 0 -0.102
BM 0.373 -1.58 -1.58 0.187 0.187 0.102 ###
COM -0.79 0.187 0.094 -0.79 0.051 0.094
BM 0.79 -0.141 -0.141 0.37 0.37 -0.094
COM -0.071 0.395 0.185 -0.071 -0.047 0.185
BM 0.071 -0.29 -0.29 0.059 0.059 -0.185
COM -0.145 0.036 0.03 -0.145 -0.093 0.03
BM 0.145 -0.033 -0.033 0.119 0.119 -0.03 ∑M@R2a = 0 +
COM -0.017 0.073 0.06 -0.017 -0.015 0.06 R1 =
BM 0.017 -0.067 -0.067 0.016 0.016 -0.06
COM -0.034 0.009 0.008 -0.034 -0.03 0.008
BM 0.034 -0.009 -0.009 0.032 0.032 -0.008 R1 =
COM -0.005 0.017 0.016 -0.005 -0.004 0.016
BM 0.005 -0.017 -0.017 0.005 0.005 -0.016
COM -0.009 0.003 0.003 -0.009 -0.008 0.003
BM 0.009 -0.003 -0.003 0.009 0.009 -0.003 ∑M@R1= 0 +
COM -0.002 0.005 0.005 -0.002 -0.002 0.005 R2a = -3.2564(4.9029) (2.45145)-7.6
BM 0.002 -0.005 -0.005 0.002 0.002 -0.005
COM -0.003 0.001 0.001 -0.003 -0.003 0.001 R2a =
BM 0.003 -0.001 -0.001 0.003 0.003 -0.001
COM -0.001 0.002 0.002 -0.001 -0.001 0.002
BM 0.001 -0.002 -0.002 0.001 0.001 -0.002
MOMENT 0.00 kN-m 7.62 kN-m -7.620 kN-m -0.44000 kN-m 0.4500 kN-m 0.00 kN-m
SOLVING FOR REACTIONS

## 7.62 kN-m ### 0.45 kN-m

7.62 kN-m 0.44 kN-m

∑M@RS2 = 0 +
R3b = -0.45
3.2564(4.9029)(2.45145) + 7.62 4.9029 m
4.9029 m ∑M@R3a = 0 + R3b = -0.0918 kN
R3b = 3.2564(4.9029)(2.45145) - 7.62 -0.44
9.5371 kN ↑ 4.9029 m R3 = R3a+ R3b
R2b = 4.9729 kN R3 = 3.9572 kN -0.0938 kN
R3 = 3.8760 kN ↑
R2 = R2a + R2b ∑M@RS2 = 0 +
R2 = 6.4153 kN + 4.9674 Kn R4 = 0.45
4.9029 m
R2a = -3.2564(4.9029) (2.45145)-7.62 R2 = 11.4016 kN
4.9029 R4 = 0.0918 kN
6.4287 kN ∑M@R2b = 0 +
R3a = 3.2564(2.7456)(1.3728) + 7.62 - 0.44 CHECKING
4.9029 ∑P = ∑REACTION
R3a = 3.9678 kN ↓ ∑P = 24.9068 kN = R1 + R2 + R3 + R4
∑P = 24.9068 kN ↑ = 24.9065

2.0756 kN
4.1511 kN 3.8
4.1511 kN
4.1511 kN
7.6159kN
4.1511 kN 7.6159kN
4.1511 kN G G
F 7.6159kN
2.0756 kN F
E H 7.6159kN
D E
C 7.6159kN
B D
A 3.8079kN 9 10
C 7 8
K J I
4.9029 m 3 4 5 6
B
1 2 18
A K 16 H1412
4.9029 m 0.0918 kN J

17 I 15 13 11
3.8760 kN
4.9029 m G
11.4016 kN 13.0409kN 17.2022kN

9.5371 kN 9
F

J 10
H
14 11
I
G
E
12

15
J 8 10
13 9
F

7 D
E
5

3
D K
K
6 4 1,2 C
C

B
B
A
H

A
B

A
3.8079kN
3.172kN
7.6159kN
6.3440kN
7.6159kN
G 6.3440kN
7.6159kN G
F 6.3440kN
59kN F
E H 6.3440kN
H E
D 11 12 11 6.3440kN
9 10 13 14 9 D
7 8 15 16 12 3.172kN
5 6 17 18 7 C
4 19 20 5 10 13 14
6 8 15 16 18
8 21 22 3 4 17 19 20 B
16 H1412 J H1 2
21 22
I I K A
H J
7I 15 13 11
G
17.2022kN 13.4480kN 2.0035kN 0kN 11 9 7 H5
0 kN 1.0545 kN 11.8163 kN 14.3288 kN10 8
6I 10.8638 kN
9 12
G
F
14
68
J 10 F
7
E 1517 J
16 13
E
5
D
3 18
D
20
K 4 1,2
C 21,22 K
19 C

B B

A A
B B

A A
MAXWELL DIAGRAM SUMMARY RESULT
TRUSS INVESTIGATION

## TOP INTERNAL FORCES (kN) LRFD LOAD COMBINATIONS, NSCP MAXIMU

2010 LOAD DESIGN OF TOP CHORD MEMBERS
CHORD LENGTH M BAR NATURE
ROOF(DL)
WINDWARDLEEWARD
(Lr) 1.2DL
+ 0.8W
+ 1.6W + 0.5Lr
FORCE DESIGN
AB 1.5568 m -9.2522 -19.0137 33.2413 0 -14.9315 32.5766 32.5766 T DESIGN DATA:

## BC 1.5568 m -7.2418 -5.0025 20.5905 0 -0.2218 21.7534 21.7534 T

CD 1.5568 m 9.7687 9.0087 7.9396 0.4459 32.8448 29.6436 32.8448 T Maximum Actual Compressive Load;

## DE 1.5568 m -0.3543 -1.0004 10.7707 -0.6146 6.0991 15.3244 15.3244 T

EF 1.5568 m -0.6239 -1.4014 7.4091 -1.2509 1.9356 8.4037 8.4037 T Pact = 64.9 kN
FG 1.5568 m 1.5332 3.0016 0.951 -1.6751 6.0631 2.1821 6.0631 C

8.0887 -64.9177
GH 1.5568 m 1.5332 3.0016 2.6019 -0.794 8.0887 6.2333 C Length of the Most Stressed Member, L
HI 1.5568 m -0.6239 -1.4014 0.968 -6.1738 -7.1556 -9.7787 -9.7787 T L = 1.5568 m
IJ 1.5568 m -0.3543 -1.0004 -0.5932 -8.9743 -9.6798 -16.2334 -16.2334 T
JK 1.5568 m 4.7687 9.0087 -3.1951 -6.6165 12.2871 -5.4718 12.2871 T Recommended Design Coefficient, k

-32.6388
KL 1.5568 m -2.2418 -5.0025 0 -17.1546 -24.4178 -32.6388 T K = 0.65
LM 1.5568 m -9.2522 -19.0137 0 -27.6926 -63.6786 -64.9177 -64.9177 T

## Assuming Rotation-Fixed and Translation-

Fixed) Fundamentals of Structural Steel
BOTTOM
Design, Gillesania
INTERNAL FORCES LRFD LOAD COMBINATIONS, NSCP 2010 MAXIMUM
CHORD LENGTH BAR FORCE NATURE
ROOF
(DL)
(Lr) 1.2DL + 1.6Lr
1.2DL
+ 0.8W
+ 1.6W + 0.5Lr DESIGN
AX 1.50 m 8.9147 18.2193 -34.5 0 12.2485 -35.3927 -35.3927 C Material Properties;
XW 1.50 m 2.16 4.8199 -20.2723 0 -5.914 -27.4337 -27.4337 C
WV 1.50 m 4.5947 8.6800 -8.2404 0 12.8093 -3.331 12.8093 T Grade of Steel A36
Minimum Yeild Strength,
VU 1.50 m -0.3414 -0.9639 -11.1786 -0.7119 -11.4643 -19.9164 -19.9164 C 248 MPa
Fy
Minimum Tensile
UT 1.50 m 0.6011 1.3503 -6.0608 0.31 -1.7188 -7.8048 -7.8048 C 400 MPa
Strength, Fu
TS 1.50 m 1.4773 2.8921 -0.9885 0.9231 6.3478 3.1142 6.3478 T Modulus of Elasticy 200000 MPa
65.7932
SR 1.50 m 1.4773 2.8921 -0.3964 0.8256 6.7435 3.9055 6.7435 T
RQ 1.50 m 0.6011 1.3503 1.1078 6.4174 8.902 13.4368 13.4368 C Trial Section:
QP 1.50 m -0.3414 -0.9639 3.6148 9.3197 8.3957 19.8036 19.8036 C Ag = 480 mm^2
L50x50x5
65.7932

L50x50x5
PO 1.50 m 4.5947 8.6800 0 6.8674 24.8956 20.8415 24.8956 T r = 15.11 mm
ON 1.50 m 2.16 4.8199 0 17.8189 24.559 33.5122 33.5122 C
NM 1.50 m 8.9147 18.2193 0 28.7412 62.8415 65.7932 65.7932 C

CHORD LENGTH M BAR NATURE
ROOF
(DL)
WINDWARDLEEWARD
(Lr) 1.2DL + 1.6Lr
1.2DL
+ 0.8W
+ 1.6W + 0.5Lr
FORCE DESIGN
BX 0.4167 m 1.125 0 0 0 1.35 1.35 1.35 T
CW 0.8333 m 3.0013 3.75 -3.9521 0 6.4399 -0.8468 6.4399 T
DV 1.25 m -8.1121 -18.2155 8.6704 -1.1354 -32.8513 -6.7863 -32.8513 C
EU 1.6667 m -2.9611 -8.0366 0.5746 -0.8515 -16.6334 -8.0147 -16.6334 C
FT 2.0833 m 0.8364 -0.4293 -5.8638 0.6812 -3.8293 -7.5031 -7.5031 C
GS 2.50 m -3.6595 -9.1067 2.8768 -2.3954 -18.577 -8.1745 -18.577 T -42.4283
HR 2.0833 m 0.8364 -0.4293 1.6713 4.8848 5.5617 11.2788 11.2788 C
IQ 1.6667 m -2.9611 -8.0366 2.0892 -0.4782 -15.1231 -4.994 -15.1231 C
JP 1.25 m -8.1121 -18.2155 2.7856 -7.2218 -42.4283 -25.9402 -42.4283 C
KO 0.8333 m 3.0013 3.75 0 3.2921 12.2352 10.7439 12.2352 T
LN 0.4167 m 1.125 0 0 0 1.35 1.35 1.35 T

L CHORD LENGTH M BAR NATURE
ROOF(DL)
(Lr) 1.2DL + 1.6Lr
1.2DL
+ 0.8W
+ 1.6W + 0.5Lr
FORCE DESIGN
BW 0.5568 m -7.0104 -13.9066 14.7664 0 -18.8499 8.2605 -18.8499 C
CV 1.7159 m -7.7271 -15.4434 16.2759 0 -20.9612 9.0472 -20.9612 C
DU 1.9526 m 6.4253 12.5536 -0.8975 1.3301 28.1422 14.6793 28.1422 C

-44.8281
ET 2.2423 m 0.3883 0.5776 7.8889 0.9165 8.4344 14.8434 14.8434 T
FS 2.5672 m -3.3557 -7.2606 14.1378 0.6995 -3.774 16.0825 16.0825 T
-44.8281
HS 2.5672 m -3.3557 -7.2606 -1.7162 11.7771 -7.5951 8.4403 8.4403 C
IR 2.2423 m 0.3883 0.5776 -2.2486 -6.5718 -5.6662 -13.3579 -13.3579 T
JQ 1.9526 m 6.4253 12.5536 -3.2634 0.747 25.783 9.9609 25.783 T
KP 1.7159 m -7.7271 -15.4434 0 -13.5577 -44.8281 -38.6865 -44.8281 C
LO 0.5568 m -7.0104 -13.9066 0 -12.3003 -40.5033 -35.0463 -40.5033 C
Solving for available nominal compressive strength, DESIGN OF BOTTOM CHORD
KL/r MEMBERS * Tensile Yielding:
Pn: 0.65(1.5568*1000)/15.11
### DESIGN DATA: Pn = Fy Ag
The nominal Compressive strength, Pn , shall be Pn = (248)(296)
determined based on the limit state of flexural
buckling. 4.71√(E/Fy) Maximum Actual Tensile Load; Pn = 73.41 kN
Sec. 503 4.71√(200000MPa/248MPa)
4.71√(E/Fy) = 133.7550 Pact = 65.7932 kN ФPn = 0.9Pn
Pn = Fcr Ag Formula 505.3-1 Since: ФPn = 66.07 kN
KL/r < 4.71√(E/Fy) Material Properties;
*Tensile Rupture
Formula 505.3-2 applies.
Minimum Yeild Strength,
Solving for Flexural buckling Stress, Fcr 248 MPa Pn=FuAe
Fy
Minimum Tensile 400 MPa
Strength, Fu
The flexural buckling stress, Fcr , is determined as Modulus of Elasticy ###
For welded connections, the reduced
Fe = 〖 200000� 〗 ^2/ 〖 ((0.65) area Ae is defined as the effective
follows: (2∗1000)/11.97) 〗 ^2 area (rather than the effective net
area, and it is given by:
Trial Section:
### L50x50x3 ###
Ae=AgU
where:
The design tensile strength, ФtPn, shall be the
lower value obtained according to the limit states U = 1.00 Table 504.3.1
### of tensile yielding in the gross section and tensile
ruoture in the net section.
Therefore, Ag = Ae
Pn = FcrAg
Pn = [(195.8953)(480)]/1000 Pn = (400)(296)
Pn = 94.03 kN 1. For tensile yielding in the gross section: Pn = 118.40 kN

## Pu = ФPn Pn = Fy Ag Eqn. 504.2-1 ФPn = 0.75Pn

Pu = 0.9(94.0297kN) Ф = 0.90 ФPn = 88.80 kN
###
Therefore: 2. For tensile Rupture in the net section: Therefore;
### > ### ### > ###
The trial section is adequate. Pn = Fu Ae The trial section is adequate.
Use L50x50x5
for top chord members Ф = 0.75 Use L50x50x3hord members
DESIGN OF VERTICAL CHORD MEMBER Solving for available nominal compressive DESIGN OFDIAGONAL CHORD MEMBE
KL/r
strength, Pn: 0.65(1.25m*1000)/8.74
DESIGN DATA: ### DESIGN DATA:

Maximum Actual Compressive Load; The nominal Compressive strength, Pn , shall be 4.71√(E/Fy) Maximum Actual Compressive Load;
determined based on the limit state of flexural
buckling. 4.71√(200000MPa/248MPa)
Pact = 42.428 kN Sec. 503 4.71√(E/Fy) = 133.7550 Pact = 44.828 kN
Since:
Length of the Most Stressed Member, L Pn = Fcr Ag Formula 505.3-1 ### < 4.71√(E/Fy) Length of the Most Stressed Member, L
L = 1.2500 m L = 1.7159 m
Formula 505.3-2 applies.

## Recommended Design Coefficient, k Recommended Design Coefficient, k

K = 0.65 Solving for Flexural buckling Stress, Fcr K = 0.65

## The flexural buckling stress, Fcr , is determined as Fe = 〖 200000� 〗 ^2/ 〖 ((0.65)

Assuming Rotation-Fixed and
(2∗1000)/11.97) 〗 ^2 Assuming Rotation-Fixed and
Translation-Fixed) Fundamentals of Translation-Fixed) Fundamentals of
Structural Steel Design, Gillesania follows: Structural Steel Design, Gillesania
###

## Grade of Steel A36 Fcr = 157.4284 MPa Grade of Steel A36

Minimum Yeild Strength, Minimum Yeild Strength,
248 MPa 248 MPa
Fy Fy
Minimum Tensile Minimum Tensile
400 MPa Pn = FcrAg 400 MPa
Strength, Fu Strength, Fu
Modulus of Elasticy ### Pn = (157.4284Mpa)(327mm2) Modulus of Elasticy ###
Pn = 51.48 kN
Trial Section: Trial Section:
### Pu = ФPn ###
L30x30x6 L40x40x5
r = 8.74 mm Pu = 0.9(51.4791kN) ###
###
Therefore:
### > ###
Use L30x30x6
for vertical chord member.
Solving for available nominal compressive DESIGN SUMMARY DESIGN FOR WELDED CONNECTIONS
KL/r
strength, Pn: 0.65(1.7159m*1000)/11.97 Part of Truss Used Weight

## ### Top Chord L50x50x3 2.33 kg/m DESIGN DATA:

Bottom Chord L50x50x5 3.77 kg/m
The nominal Compressive strength, Pn , shall be
determined based on the limit state of flexural 4.71√(E/Fy) Vertical MemberL30x30x6 2.56 kg/m FOR TOP CHORD
buckling.
4.71√(200000MPa/248MPa) Diagonal MemberL40x40x5 2.97 kg/m L50x50x3
Sec. 503 4.71√(E/Fy) = 133.7550 Thickness: 3.00 mm
Since: Pact(max)= 64.9177 N
Pn = Fcr Ag Formula 505.3-1 ### < 4.71√(E/Fy) Y1 13.08 m

## Formula 505.3-2 applies.

Electrode:

E70XX
Solving for Flexural buckling Stress, Fcr Fy 485 MPa
Fu 415 MPa
The flexural buckling stress, Fcr , is determined as Fe = 〖 200000� 〗 ^2/ 〖 ((0.65)
(2∗1000)/11.97) 〗 ^2
Gusset
follows: Plate:
Thickness 5.00 mm

## Fcr = 157.0988 MPa

Pn = FcrAg
Pn = (157.0988Mpa)(379mm2)
Pn = 59.54 kN
Therefore;
Pu = ФPn t = 5mm, min of 3mm
Pu = 0.9(59.5404kN)
### From: L50x50x3
Therefore:
### > ### t = 5 mm -1.6
The trial section is adequate. t = 3.40 mm (Max. size of weld)
Use L40x40x5
for diagonal chord member.
Use 3.00 mm size of weld
For Shear Strength of weld: FOR BOTTOM CHORD
L50x50x5 For Shear Strength of weld:
Rn = 0.707(w)Fnxx Thickness: 5.00 mm
Rn = 0.707 x w x 0.60Fu Pact(max)= 65.7932 N Rn = 0.707(w)Fnxx

## Rn = 0.707 x 3 x 0.60(415) Y1 14.04 m Rn = 0.707 x w x 0.60Fu

Rn = 0.528 kN Rn = 0.707 x 3 x 0.60(415)
Electrode: Rn = 0.528 kN
For the design strength: E70XX
Fy 485 MPa For the design strength: Therefore:
ф = 0.75 Therefore: Fu 415 MPa ###
фRn = 0.75Rn ### < ### Safe ф = 0.75 ###

## фRn = 0.75(0.528) ### фRn = 0.75Rn

< ### Safe
фRn = 0.40 kN Grade of Steel A36 фRn = 0.75(0.528) Note:
Note: Thickness 4.00 mm фRn = 0.40 kN Because of the equation abov
For shear at base metal: Because of the equation above, therefore Weld shear strength controls.

## Weld shear strength controls. For shear at base metal:

t = 5 mm (thickness of gusset plate controls) Solve for length total of weld
ф = 1.00 Solve for length total of weld, LT: t = 4 mm (thickness of gusset plate controls) LT =
Rs = 0.60(Fy)(t) ф = 1.00 𝑃�/█(ф𝑅�@)
LT =
Rs = 0.60(485)(5) 𝑃�/█(ф𝑅�@) Rs = 0.60(Fy)(t) ###
Rs = 1.46 kN ### Rs = 0.60(485)(4)
фRs = 1.46 kN Therefore; Rs = 1.16 kN From equation:
From equation: t = 5mm, min of 3mm фRs = 1.16 kN L1 + L2 = LT → eq. 1
For Shear Rupture strength: L1 + L2 = LT → eq. 1 L1y1 = L2y2 → eq. 2
L1y1 = L2y2 → eq. 2 From: L50x50x5 For Shear Rupture strength:
ф = 0.75 By solving simultaneously: By solving simultaneously:
Rsr = 0.45Fut t = 4 mm -1.6 ф = 0.75
L1 + (�1(14.04))/
Rsr = 0.45(415)(5) L1 + (�1(13.08))/ t = 3.40 mm (Max. size of weld) Rsr = 0.45Fut ((50−14.04)) = L
((50−13.08)) = LT
Rsr = 0.95 kN Rsr = 0.45(415)(4)
фRsr = 0.72 kN ### ≈ 125 mm Use 3.00 mm size of weld Rsr = 0.76 kN ###
фRsr = 0.57 kN
L2 = LT - L1 L2 = LT - L1
L2 = 163.9336 - 121.05 L2 = 166.1444 - 119.49
### ≈ 45 mm ###
FOR VERTICAL CHORD FOR DIAGONAL CHORD
L30x30x6 For Shear Strength of weld:
Thickness: 6.00 mm Thickness:
Pact(max)= 42.4283 N Rn = 0.707(w)Fnxx Pact(max)=
Y1 9.56 m Rn = 0.707 x w x 0.60Fu Y1
Rn = 0.707 x 3 x 0.60(415)
Electrode: Rn = 0.528 kN Electrode:
E70XX E70XX
Fy 485 MPa For the design strength: Therefore: Fy
< ### Safe Fu 415 MPa ### < ### Safe Fu
< ### Safe ф = 0.75 ### < ### Safe
Gusset фRn = 0.75Rn Gusset
Plate: Plate:
Because of the equation above, therefore Thickness 4.00 mm фRn = 0.40 kN Because of the equation above, therefore Thickness
Weld shear strength controls. Weld shear strength controls.

## For shear at base metal:

Solve for length total of weld, LT: Solve for length total of weld, LT:
LT = t = 4 mm (thickness of gusset plate controls) LT =
𝑃�/█(ф𝑅�@) ф = 1.00 𝑃�/█(ф𝑅�@)
Rs = 0.60(Fy)(t) ###
Rs = 0.60(485)(4)
From equation: Rs = 1.16 kN From equation: Therefore;
L1 + L2 = LT → eq. 1 Therefore; фRs = 1.16 kN L1 + L2 = LT → eq. 1 t = 5mm, min o
L1y1 = L2y2 → eq. 2 t = 5 mm, min of 3mm L1y1 = L2y2 → eq. 2
For Shear Rupture strength: From:
By solving simultaneously: From: L30x30x6 By solving simultaneously:
ф = 0.75
L1 + (�1(14.04))/ L1 + (�1(9.56))/
t = 6 mm
((50−14.04)) = LT -1.6 Rsr = 0.45Fut ((30−9.56)) = LT ###
### (Max. size of weld) Rsr = 0.45(415)(4)
≈ 120 mm Rsr = 0.76 kN ### ≈ 75 mm Use 3.00 mm size
Use 3.00 mm size of weld фRsr = 0.57 kN
L2 = LT - L1
L2 = 166.1444 - 119.49 L2 = 107.1422 - 72.99
≈ 50 mm ### ≈ 35 mm
FOR DIAGONAL CHORD Design Summary of Welded Connection:
L40x40x5 For Shear Strength of weld:
Thickness: 5.00 mm Member L1 L2
Pact(max)= 44.8281 N Rn = 0.707(w)Fnxx Top Chord 125 mm 45 mm
Y1 11.62 m Rn = 0.707 x w x 0.60Fu Bottom Chord 120 mm 50 mm
Rn = 0.707 x 3 x 0.60(415) Diagonal Chord 75 mm 35 mm
### Vertical Chord 85 mm 35 mm
E70XX Therefore:
Fy 485 MPa For the design strength: ### < ### Safe
Fu 415 MPa ### < ### Safe Member Gusset plate Weld size
ф = 0.75 Top Chord 5 mm 3 mm
фRn = 0.75Rn
Note: Bottom Chord 4 mm 3 mm
Grade of Steel A36 фRn = 0.75(0.528) Because of the equation above, therefore Diagonal Chord 4 mm 3 mm
Thickness 4.00 mm фRn = 0.40 kN Weld shear strength controls. Vertical Chord 4 mm 3 mm

## For shear at base metal:

Solve for length total of weld, LT:
t = 4 mm (thickness of gusset plate controls) LT =
ф = 1.00 𝑃�/█(ф𝑅�@)
Rs = 0.60(Fy)(t) ###
Rs = 0.60(485)(4)
Therefore; Rs = 1.16 kN From equation:
t = 5mm, min of 3mm фRs = 1.16 kN L1 + L2 = LT → eq. 1
L1y1 = L2y2 → eq. 2
L40x40x5 For Shear Rupture strength:

## t=5 By solving simultaneously:

mm ф = 0.75
-1.6 L1 + (�1(11.62))/
### (Max. size of weld) Rsr = 0.45Fut ((40−11.62)) = LT
Rsr = 0.45(415)(4)
Use 3.00 mm size of weld Rsr = 0.76 kN ### ≈ 85 mm
фRsr = 0.57 kN
L2 = LT - L1
L2 = 113.2023 - 80.32
### ≈ 35 mm
ROOF LIVE LOAD Moment at Sup
Stiffness Factor, K:
Live Loads shall be the maximum loads expected by With constant values of E
the intended use or occupancy but in no case shall be and LB = 5 m and assume
stiffness factor may be u
less than the loads required by this section. Thus,
(NSCP 2010, Page 2-9)

K=I/L� =
I/5
Roof Live Load Data: 6.25 kN
Total Roof Live Load on Truss: 6.25 kN 6.25 kN
Roof Live Load (RLL) 1.00 kPa ∑P = RLL x BL x LT 6.25 kN 6.25 kN
6.25 kN 6.25 kN

## Bay Length (BL) 5m ∑P = 1.00 kPa x 5m x 18m 6.25 kN

6.25 kN 6.25 kN
6.25 kN
Distribution Factor, DF
Length of Truss (LT)
3.125 kN
F
G
H
3.125 kN DF=K/ΣK
15 m ∑P = 75 kN E I
where:
D J
Spacing of Truss 5.0 m
A
B
C K
L DF= 0 at fixed end
X W V U T S R Q P O N
M
DF= 1 at hinged or roll
Solving for Panel Load: 5.0000 m 5.0000 m 5.0000 m

Pjoint = P x TL x BL R1 R2 R3 R4
Where:
TL = tributary length of Joint Fixed End Moment (FEM

## Joint A & M: Convert into Uniform Load

TL = 0.625 m
FEM
W = P/LT
P1 = P x TL x BL W = 75/15
=(𝑊�^2)/
P1 = 1.00 kN/m2 x 5m x 0.75m W = 5.0 kN/m
W = 5.0 kN/m 12
P1 = 3.125 kN
FEMAB = FEMVS = FEMSP =
Joint B to L: 5.0000 5.0000 5.0000

## TL = 1.25 m R1 R2 R3 R4 FEMVA = FEM

P2 = P x TL x BL
P2 = 1.00 kN/m2 x 5m x 1.50m
P2 = 6.25 kN
Moment at Supports
Stiffness Factor, K:
With constant values of E=200 000 MPa
and LB = 5 m and assumed I, relative
stiffness factor may be used generally as K. Fixed End Moment (FEM):
Thus, FEM
=(𝑊�^2)/12
K=I/L� =
FEM AV= FEM VR = FEM RN = -(5 KN/m)(5m)²
I/5
12
Distribution Factor, DF:
DF=K/ΣK
where: FEM AV= FEM VR = FEM RN = -10.4167
DF= 0 at fixed end
DF= 1 at hinged or roller end
FEMVA = FEMRV = FEMNR = (5 KN/m)(5m)²
12
FEMVA = FEMRV = FEMNR = 10.4167
xed End Moment (FEM):

FEM
=(𝑊�^2)/
12

## EMVA = FEMSV = FEMPS = 10.4167

MOMENT DISTRIBUTION METHOD
Joint A V R N
Member
Stiffness (K)
AV
0.2
VA
0.2
VR
0.2
RV
0.2
RN
0.2
NR
0.2
DF 1 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 1
FEM -10.4167 10.4167 -10.4167 10.4167 -10.4167 10.4167
1
BM 10.417 0 0 0 0 -10.417 For Segment AV:
COM 0 5.209 0 0 -5.209 0
2
BM 0 -2.605 -2.605 2.605 2.605 0 W = 5.0 kN/m
COM -1.303 0 1.303 -1.303 0 1.303
3
BM 1.303 -0.652 -0.652 0.652 0.652 -1.303
COM -0.326 0.652 0.326 -0.326 -0.652 0.326
4
BM 0.326 -0.489 -0.489 0.489 0.489 -0.326
COM -0.245 0.163 0.245 -0.245 -0.163 0.245
5
BM 0.245 -0.204 -0.204 0.204 0.204 -0.245 ∑M@R2a = 0 +
COM -0.102 0.123 0.102 -0.102 -0.123 0.102 R1 =
6
BM 0.102 -0.113 -0.113 0.113 0.113 -0.102
COM -0.057 0.051 0.057 -0.057 -0.051 0.057 R1 = 10.0000 kN ↑
7
BM 0.057 -0.054 -0.054 0.054 0.054 -0.057
COM -0.027 0.029 0.027 -0.027 -0.029 0.027 ∑Fv+ = 0
8
BM 0.027 -0.028 -0.028 0.028 0.028 -0.027 R2a = 5(5) - R1
COM -0.014 0.014 0.014 -0.014 -0.014 0.014 R2a = 15.0000 kN ↑
9
BM 0.014 -0.014 -0.014 0.014 0.014 -0.014
COM -0.007 0.007 0.007 -0.007 -0.007 0.007
10
BM 0.007 -0.007 -0.007 0.007 0.007 -0.007
COM -0.004 0.004 0.004 -0.004 -0.004 0.004
11
BM 0.004 -0.004 -0.004 0.004 0.004 -0.004
COM -0.002 0.002 0.002 -0.002 -0.002 0.002
12
BM 0.002 -0.002 -0.002 0.002 0.002 -0.002
MOMENT 0.00 kN-m 12.500 kN-m -12.500 kN-m 12.500 kN-m -12.500 kN-m 0.00 kN-m
SOLVING FOR REACTIONS

6.25 kN 6.25
egment AV: For Segment VS: For Segment SP: 3.125 kN

## 12.5 kN-m W = 5.0 kN/m 12.50 kN-m 12.50 kN-m W = 5 kN/m

C
12.5 kN-m B 3
A 1 2

Q
5.00

10.000 kN
R2a = 0 + ∑M@R3a= 0 + ∑M@R4 = 0 +
5(5)(2.5) - 12.5 R2b = 5(5)(2.5) + 12.5 - 12.5 R3b = 5(5)(2.5) + 12.5 - 0
5.00 5.00 m 5.00 m
R1 = 10.0000 kN ↑ R2b = 12.50 kN ↑ R3b = 15.0000 kN ↑

## R2 = R2a+R2b R3 = R3a + R3b

5(5) - R1 R2 = 15.00 kN+12.50 kN R3 = 12.50 kN+ 15.00 kN
R2a = 15.0000 kN ↑ R2 = 27.500 kN ↑ R3 = 27.500 kN ↑

∑Fv+ = 0 ∑Fv+ = 0
R3a = 5(5) - R2b R4 = 5(5) - R3b
R3a = 5(5)-12.50 R4 = 10.0000 kN ↑

R3a = 12.50 kN ↑
CHECKING
∑P = ∑REACTION
∑P = 75 kN = R1 + R2 + R3 + R4
75.00 kN = 75.00 kN

6.25 kN
6.25 kN 6.25 kN
6.25 kN 6.25 kN
6.25 kN 6.25 kN
6.25 kN 6.25 kN 6.25 kN
3.125 kN G 6.25 kN 3.125 kN
H
F I
E J
D 11 12 K
9 14 16 L
C 5 7 8 10 13
B 3 6 15 17 18 M
1 2 4 19 20 2122
A N
Q P O
5.0000 5.0000 5.0000

## 10.000 kN 27.500 kN 27.500 kN 10.000 kN

A
B

2 4 6
1 C
Q
3 D
5 7
E

9
F

11 G
13
P
15
12 H
10 8
I
14
J

18 16
20 K

21 19 O

22 17 L

M
N
18 16
20 K

21 19 O

22 17 L

M
N
1.3162 kN
2.6324 kN
2.6324 kN
Building, towers, and other vertical structures, 2.6324 kN
2.6324 kN
including the Main Wind Force Resisting System G
2.6324 kN
F
(MWRFS) and all components and cladding thereof, E 1.3162 kN
shall be designed and constructed to resist wind loads D
C
as specifies herein. B
A
(NSCP 2010, Page 2-17)
4.9029 m

R1 4.9029 m

LEEWARD DATA
R2
Leeward Load -0.4130 kPa 4.9029 m

## Bay Length (BL) 5m R3

Length of Top Chord (LTC) 7.6485 m
Spacing of support 4.9029 m R4

Pjoint = P x BL x LTC ∑P = WLL x BL x LTC
Where: ∑P = -0.413kPa x 5m x 7.6485m
TL = tributary length of Joint ∑P = 15.79 kN ↑

## Joint M & G: Convert into Uniform Load

TL = 0.637375 m W = P/LT
P1 = P x TL x BL W = 15.7942/7.6485
P1 = -0.413kN/m2 x 0.637375m x 5m ###
P1 = 1.3162 kN ↑

Joint H to L: 2.7456

2.0650 kN/m
TL = 1.27475 m
2.1573 m
P2 = P x TL x BL 4.9029 m 4.9029 m 4.9029 m

P2 = -0.413kN/m2 x 1.27475m x 5m
P2 = 2.6324 kN ↑
R1 R2 R3 R4
Moment at Supports
Stiffness Factor, K:
With constant values of E=200 000 MPa
and LB = 4.5m and assumed I, relative
stiffness factor may be used generally as
K. Thus,

K=I/L� =
I/5

## Distribution Factor, DF:

DF=K/ΣK
where:
DF= 0 at fixed end
DF= 1 at hinged or roller end

## Fixed End Moment (FEM):

FEM
=(𝑊�^2)/12

FEMAB = FEMVS =

FEMAB = FEMVS =

FEMAB = FEMVS =

FEMAB = FEMVS =
at Supports
tor, K: Joint
nt values of E=200 000 MPa 2.1573 m Member
m and assumed I, relative
tor may be used generally as 2.7456 m Stiffness (K)

7.6485 m DF
2.06
50 kN
/m 1
K=I/L� =
I/5
2
4.9029 m
tion Factor, DF:
R1
ΣK 3
4.9029 m
fixed end
R2
hinged or roller end 4
4.9029 m

R3
5
R4
6
Moment (FEM):
FEM X2 = 2.74560
7
=(𝑊�^2)/12 X1 = 2.1573

8
-(2.070 kN)(4.9029)²
12 〖���〗 _𝑆𝑃 =−2.070/(4.9029)^2 [((4.9029)²(2.74560)²)/2−(2(4.9029) (2.74560)^3)/3+ 〖 (2.7456) 〗 ^4/4]
9
-4.1366

10
(2.070 kN)(4.9029) FEMSP = -3.1922262823
12
11
4.1366
〖���〗 _𝑆𝑃 =2.070/(4.9029)^2 [((4.9029) (2.74560)^3)/3− 〖 (2.7456) 〗 ^4/4]
12

MOMENT
FEMSP = -11.3008192572
SOLV
MOMENT DISTRIBUTION METHOD
Joint A V S P
Member AV VA VS SV SP PS
Stiffness (K) 0.2039609211 0.2039609211 0.2039609211 0.2039609211 0.2039609211 0.2039609211 FOR LEEWARD
DF 1 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 1
FEM 0.0000 0.0000 -3.1922 -11.3008 -4.1366 4.1366 For Segment AV:
BM 0 1.596 1.596 7.719 7.719 -4.137
COM 0.798 0 3.86 0.798 -2.069 3.86 W = 2.065 kN/m 0.85 kN-m
BM -0.798 -1.93 -1.93 0.636 0.636 -3.86
COM -0.965 -0.399 0.318 -0.965 -1.93 0.318
BM 0.965 0.041 0.041 1.448 1.448 -0.318
COM 0.021 0.483 0.724 0.021 -0.159 0.724 ∑M@R2a = 0 +
BM -0.021 -0.604 -0.604 0.069 0.069 -0.724
COM -0.302 -0.011 0.035 -0.302 -0.362 0.035 R1 = -0.850 kN-m
BM 0.302 -0.012 -0.012 0.332 0.332 -0.035 4.9029 m
COM -0.006 0.151 0.166 -0.006 -0.018 0.166 R1 = -0.1734 kN
BM 0.006 -0.159 -0.159 0.012 0.012 -0.166
COM -0.08 0.003 0.006 -0.08 -0.083 0.006
BM 0.08 -0.005 -0.005 0.082 0.082 -0.006
COM -0.003 0.04 0.041 -0.003 -0.003 0.041 ∑M@R1 = 0 +
BM 0.003 -0.041 -0.041 0.003 0.003 -0.041
COM -0.021 0.002 0.002 -0.021 -0.021 0.002 R2a = 0.85 kN-m
BM 0.021 -0.002 -0.002 0.021 0.021 -0.002 4.9029 m
COM -0.001 0.011 0.011 -0.001 -0.001 0.011 R2a = 0.1734 kN
BM 0.001 -0.011 -0.011 0.001 0.001 -0.011
COM -0.006 0.001 0.001 -0.006 -0.006 0.001
BM 0.006 -0.001 -0.001 0.006 0.006 -0.001
COM -0.001 0.003 0.003 -0.001 -0.001 0.003
BM 0.001 -0.003 -0.003 0.001 0.001 -0.003
MOMENT 0.00 kN-m -0.85 kN-m 0.84 kN-m -1.54 kN-m 1.54 kN-m 0.00 kN-m
SOLVING FOR REACTIONS

## For Segment VS: For Segment VS:

4.9029 m
0.84 kN-m W = 2.065 kN/m 1.54 kN-m 1.54 kN-m

0.1734 kN 4

1.6181 kN
∑M@RP1 = 0 +
∑M@Rs1 = 0 +
R2b = 2.065(2.7456)(1.07865) + 0.84 - 1.54 R3b = -2.065(4.9029)(2.45145) + 1.54
4.9029 m 4.9029 m
R2b = 1.4447 R3b = 5.376 kN ↓

## R2 = R2a + R2b R3 = R3a + R3b

R2 = 0.1734 + 1.4447 R3 = 4.2249 + 5.3763
R2 = 1.6181 R3 = 9.6012

∑M@RP1 = 0 +
∑M@Rs1 = 0 + R4= 2.065(4.9029) (2.45145)+1.54
R4 = 4.7481
R3a = 2.065(2.7456)((1.3728+2.1573) - 0.84+1.54
20
4.9029
21,22
19
R3a = 4.2249 kN ↓ CHECKING
∑P = ∑REACTION
### = R1 + R2 + R3 + R4
### = 15.7940 kN ↑
1.3162 kN
2.6324 kN
2.6324 kN
2.6324 kN
G 2.6324 kN
F 2.6324 kN
E 1.3162 kN
D
C
B
A

4.9029 m

N 4.9029 m

1.6181 kN 4.9029 m

9.6012 kN
4.7481 kN

11 9
H 6
7

12 G
15
13 8
10
J

14 F

16
18
20 D

21,22 K

19 17
C

A
L
TRUSS INV

## DESIGN OF TOP CHOR

TOP CHORD MEMBERS LENGTH INTERNAL FORCES (kN) LRFD LOAD COMBINATIONS, NSCP 2010 MAXIMUM BAR NATURE LOAD DESIGN DATA:
FORCE DESIGN
DEAD LOAD (DL) ROOF LIVE LOAD (Lr) WINDWARD LEEWARD 1.2DL + 1.6Lr + 0.8W 1.2DL + 1.6W + 0.5Lr
Maximum Actual Com
AB 1.2748 m -26.1131 -35.0558 37.3085 0.8203 -56.922 12.1425 -56.922 C Load;
BC 1.2748 m -14.5016 -19.1213 27.3458 0.8427 -25.4452 18.139 -25.4452 C
CD 1.2748 m -2.8901 -3.1869 17.3832 0.8508 6.02 24.1128 24.1128 C Pact = 73.4 kN
DE 1.2748 m 8.7214 12.7475 7.4205 0.8548 37.4819 30.0799 37.4819 T
EF 1.2748 m -0.2672 0.6374 8.8595 -0.7608 7.1782 12.956 12.956 T Length of the Most Stres
3.5268
FG 1.2748 m -2.3891 -2.1246 6.4979 -1.8379 -2.5383 3.5268 C L = 1.2748 m
-73.3583
9.6513
GH 1.2748 m -2.3891 -2.1246 6.9131 1.5747 0.524 9.6513 C Recommended Design C
9.3094 K = 0.65
HI 1.2748 m -0.2672 0.6374 4.3279 1.4917 5.3549 9.3094 T
IJ 1.2748 m 8.7214 12.7475 0.4486 -1.7918 29.7871 14.6903 29.7871 T
JK 1.2748 m -2.8901 -3.1869 0.4457 4.526 -4.5898 2.8932 -4.5898 C Assuming Rotation-F
KL 1.2748 m -14.5016 -19.1213 0.4397 10.8437 -38.9693 -8.9091 -38.9693 C Translation-Fixed) Funda
Structural Steel Design
LM 1.2748 m -26.1131 -35.0558 0.4219 17.1615 -73.3583 -20.7302 -73.3583 C
Material Propert
LENGTH NATURE
MEMBERS DEAD LOAD (DL) ROOF LIVE LOAD (Lr) WINDWARD LEEWARD 1.2DL + 1.6Lr + 0.8W 1.2DL + 1.6W + 0.5Lr FORCE DESIGN
Minimum Yeild
AX 1.25 m 25.606 34.3750 -38.0473 -0.7685 54.6746 -14.1906 54.6746 T Strength, Fy
Minimum Tensile
XW 1.25 m 25.606 34.3750 -38.0473 -0.7685 54.6746 -14.1906 54.6746 T Strength, Fu
24.4589 Modulus of Elasticy
WV 1.25 m 14.22 18.7500 -27.4641 -0.7923 24.4589 -18.7712 T
VU 1.25 m 2.834 3.1250 -16.8808 -0.8003 -5.7441 -23.3265 -23.3265 T Trial Section:
UT 1.25 m -8.552 -12.5000 -8.5335 -1.1216 -37.9865 -31.9606 -37.9865 C
L50x50x5
TS 1.25 m 0.262 -0.6250 -9.1305 0.4627 -7.6198 -13.8666 -13.8666 C 72.0438
SR 1.25 m 0.262 -0.6250 -3.4657 -1.9537 -5.0211 -8.6691 -8.6691 C
RQ 1.25 m -8.552 -12.5000 0.3368 1.1216 -29.0957 -14.179 -29.0957 C
QP 1.25 m 2.834 3.1250 -0.4205 -4.0787 4.8014 -2.2354 4.8014 T
72.0438

## PO 1.25 m 14.22 18.7500 -0.4146 -10.7904 38.1 8.511 38.1 T

ON 1.25 m 25.606 34.3750 -0.3972 -17.5014 71.4083 19.2769 71.4083 T
NM 1.25 m 25.606 34.3750 0.3972 -17.5014 72.0438 20.548 72.0438 T

## MAXWELL DIAGRAM SUMMARY RESULT

VERTICAL CHORD INTERNAL FORCES LRFD LOAD COMBINATIONS, NSCP 2010 MAXIMUM BAR LOAD
LENGTH NATURE
MEMBERS DEAD LOAD (DL) ROOF LIVE LOAD (Lr) WINDWARD LEEWARD 1.2DL + 1.6Lr + 0.8W 1.2DL + 1.6W + 0.5Lr FORCE DESIGN
BX 0.4167 m 2.1875 0 0 0 2.625 2.625 2.625 T
CW 0.8333 m 4.4647 3.125 -2.1167 -0.0048 8.6604 3.5257 8.6604 T
DV 1.25 m 6.7419 6.25 -4.2333 -0.0032 14.7011 4.4369 14.7011 T
EU 1.6667 m -11.1809 -18.125 4.8302 -1.5843 -39.8204 -17.2861 -39.8204 C
FT 2.0833 m -4.8637 -9.5 0.4775 -1.2674 -21.6684 -11.8503 -21.6684 C
GS 2.50 m -1.9252 -5.4167 -0.5948 -0.6214 -11.9499 -6.9645 -11.9499 T -39.8204
HR 2.0833 m -4.8637 -9.5 3.042 2.1627 -16.8727 -2.2589 -16.8727 C
IQ 1.6667 m -11.1809 -18.125 3.7955 5.388 -35.0703 -7.786 -35.0703 C
JP 1.25 m 6.7419 6.25 -0.0047 -2.6845 15.9389 6.9126 15.9389 T
KO 0.8333 m 4.4647 3.125 -0.0035 -1.3423 9.281 4.7669 9.281 T
LN 0.4167 m 2.1875 0 0 0 2.625 2.625 2.625 T

DIAGONAL CHORD INTERNAL FORCES LRFD LOAD COMBINATIONS, NSCP 2010 MAXIMUM BAR LOAD
LENGTH NATURE
MEMBERS DEAD LOAD (DL) ROOF LIVE LOAD (Lr) WINDWARD LEEWARD 1.2DL + 1.6Lr + 0.8W 1.2DL + 1.6W + 0.5Lr FORCE DESIGN
BW 0.5568 m -11.6115 -15.9344 10.7929 0.0243 -30.7751 -4.5935 -30.7751 C
CV 1.7159 m -12.2631 -16.8286 11.3985 0.0086 -32.5158 -4.8787 -32.5158 C
DU 1.9526 m -13.2782 18.2217 12.3421 0.0046 23.0982 12.9317 23.0982 T
ET 2.2423 m 11.2874 15.2074 -0.7644 2.0289 38.8883 23.1718 38.8883 T
FS 2.5672 m 2.9425 3.8302 4.4262 1.4937 14.3952 14.9179 14.9179 C
39.0026
HS 2.5672 m 2.9425 3.8302 3.585 0.6149 13.0192 12.1659 13.0192 C
IR 2.2423 m 11.2874 15.2074 4.8695 -3.4621 39.0026 23.4004 39.0026 T
JQ 1.9526 m -13.2782 18.2217 0.006 7.8267 19.487 5.7093 19.487 T
39.0026

## KP 1.7159 m -12.2631 -16.8286 0.0075 7.2283 -35.8528 -11.5527 -35.8528 C

LO 0.5568 m -11.6115 -15.9344 0.0178 6.8442 -33.9392 -10.9218 -33.9392 C
TRUSS INVESTIGATION DESIGN OF BOTTOM CHORD MEMBERS
Solving KL/r
for
SIGN OF TOP CHORD MEMBERS 0.65(1.2748*1000)/15.11 DESIGN DATA:
available
nominal KL/r = 54.8392
The nominal Compressive strength, Pn ,
compress
DESIGN DATA: Maximum Actual Tensile Load;
shall
ive be determined based on the limit
strength,state of flexural buckling. 4.71√(E/Fy)
Maximum Actual Compressive Pn: Sec. 503 4.71√(200000MPa/248MPa) Pact = 72.0438 kN
4.71√(E/Fy) = 133.7550
Pact = 73.4 kN Pn = Fcr Ag Formula 505.3-1 Since: Material Properties;
KL/r < 4.71√(E/Fy) Grade of Steel
ngth of the Most Stressed Member, L Solving for Flexural buckling Stress, Fcr
Formula 505.3-2 applies. Minimum Yeild
L = 1.2748 m Strength, Fy
The flexural buckling stress, Fcr , is Minimum Tensile
commended Design Coefficient, k Strength, Fu

## Fe = 〖 200000� 〗 ^2/ Trial Section:

Assuming Rotation-Fixed and 〖 (54.8392) 〗 ^2
anslation-Fixed) Fundamentals of L30x30x6
ructural Steel Design, Gillesania
Fe = 656.3682
Material Properties;
The design tensile strength, ФtPn,
ade of Steel A36 lower value obtained according
states of tensile yielding in the g
Minimum Yeild and tensile rupture in the net
248 MPa Fcr = 211.7243
Strength, Fy
Minimum Tensile
400 MPa Pn = FcrAg 1. For tensile yielding in the gross
Strength, Fu
dulus of Elasticy 200000 MPa Pn = [(211.7243)(480)]/1000

## Trial Section: Pn = 101.63 kN Pn = Fy Ag

### Ф = 0.90
L50x50x5
r = 15.11 mm Pu = ФPn
Pu = 0.9(101.6277kN) 2. For tensile Rupture in the net se
Pu = 91.46 kN
Therefore: Pn = Fu Ae
### > ### Ф = 0.75
Use L50x50x5
for top chord members
HORD MEMBERS
* Tensile Yielding: DESIGN OF VERTICAL CHORD MEMBERS Solving for available nominal
ATA: compressive strength, Pn:
Pn = Fy Ag DESIGN DATA:
Maximum Actual Compressive Load; The nominal Compressive strength, Pn ,
Pn = 81.10 kN
shall be determined based on the limit
state of flexural buckling.
ФPn = 0.9Pn Pact = 39.820 kN Sec. 503
ial Properties; ФPn = 72.99 kN
A36 Length of the Most Stressed Member, L Pn = Fcr Ag Formula 505.3-1
*Tensile Rupture L = 1.6667 m
248 MPa Solving for Flexural buckling Stress, Fcr
Recommended Design Coefficient, k
400 MPa Pn=FuAe
K = 0.65
200000 MPa The flexural buckling stress, Fcr , is
For welded connections, the reduced area Ae
is defined as the effective area (rather than
Assuming Rotation-Fixed and determined as follows:
the effective net area, and it is given by:
Translation-Fixed) Fundamentals of
Structural Steel Design, Gillesania
### Ae=AgU
where:
U = 1.00 Table 504.3.1
nsile strength, ФtPn, shall be the
obtained according to the limit Material Properties;
sile yielding in the gross section Therefore, Ag = Ae
le rupture in the net section.
Pn = (400)(327) Grade of Steel A36
Minimum Yeild
yielding in the gross section: Pn = 130.80 kN 248 MPa
Strength, Fy
Minimum Tensile
400 MPa
Strength, Fu
Eqn. 504.2-1 ФPn = 0.75Pn Modulus of Elasticy 200000 MPa
ФPn = 98.10 kN
Therefore; Trial Section:
Rupture in the net section: ФPn = 72.99 kN > ### ###
L40x40x5
The trial section is adequate. r = 11.97 mm
= Fu Ae Use L30x30x6 for bottom chord members
KL/r DESIGN OF DIAGONAL CHORD MEMBERS
0.65(1.6667m*1000)/11.97 DESIGN DATA:
KL/r = 90.5058
4.71√(E/Fy)
4.71√(200000MPa/248MPa) Pact = 39.0026 kN
4.71√(E/Fy) = 133.7550
Since: Material Properties;
KL/r = 90.506 < 4.71√(E/Fy) Grade of Steel A36

## Formula 505.3-2 applies. Minimum Yeild

tress, Fcr 248 MPa
Strength, Fy
Minimum Tensile
400 MPa
Strength, Fu
Modulus of Elasticy 200000 MPa
Fe = 〖 200000� 〗 ^2/
〖 (90.5058) 〗 ^2
Trial Section:
Fe = 240.9777 L40x40x3 ###

## The design tensile strength, ФtPn, shall be the

lower value obtained according to the limit
Fcr = 161.2057 MPa states of tensile yielding in the gross section
and tensile rupture in the net section.
Pn = FcrAg

## Pn = (161.2057Mpa)(379mm2) 1. For tensile yielding in the gross section:

Pn = 61.10 kN
Pn = Fy Ag Eqn. 504.2-1
Pu = ФPn Ф = 0.90
Pu = 0.9(61.097kN)
Pu = 54.99 MPa 2. For tensile Rupture in the net section:
Therefore: Pn = Fu Ae Use
### > ### Ф = 0.75
Use L40x40x5
for vertical chord member.

DESIGN DATA:

Pact = 39.003 kN

L = 2.2423 m

K = 0.65

## Assuming Rotation-Fixed and

Translation-Fixed) Fundamentals of
Structural Steel Design, Gillesania

Material Properties;

Minimum Yeild
248 MPa
Strength, Fy
Minimum Tensile
400 MPa
Strength, Fu
Modulus of Elasticy 200000 MPa
Trial Section:
###
L25x25x3
r = 7.51 mm
DESIGN SUMMARY DESIGN FOR WELDED CONNECTIONS For Shear Strength of weld:
Part of Truss Used Weight
Pn = Fy Ag Top Chord L50x50x5 ### DESIGN DATA: Rn = 0.707(w)Fnxx
Pn = (248)(235) Bottom Chord L30x30x6 ### Rn = 0.707 x w x 0.60Fu
Pn = 58.28 kN Vertical Member L40x40x5 ### FOR TOP CHORD Rn = 0.707 x 3 x 0.60(415)
Diagonal MemberL40x40x3 ### L50x50x5 Rn = 0.528 kN
ФPn = 0.9Pn Thickness: 5.00 mm
ФPn = 52.45 kN Pact(max)= 73.3583 N For the design strength:
Y1 14.04 m
*Tensile Rupture Electrode: ф = 0.75

фRn = 0.75Rn
E70XX
фRn =
Pn=FuAe
Fy 485 MPa 0.75(0.528)
For welded connections, the reduced area Ae is defined as the фRn = 0.40 kN
effective area (rather than the effective net area, and it is given Fu 415 MPa
Gusset
by: Plate:of
Steel A36 For shear at base metal:

## Ae=AgU Thickness 5.00 mm

where: ###
U = 1.00 Table 504.3.1 ф = 1.00
Rs = 0.60(Fy)(t)
Therefore, Ag = Ae Rs = 0.60(485)(5)
Pn = (400)(235) Rs = 1.46 kN

## Pn = 94.00 kN фRs = 1.46 kN

Therefore;
ФPn = 0.75Pn t = 5mm, min of 3mm For Shear Rupture strength:
ФPn = 0.00 kN From: L50x50x5
Therefore; t = 5 mm -1.6 ф = 0.75
ФPn = 52.45 kN > ### t = 3.40 mm (Max. size of weld) Rsr = 0.45Fut
L40x40x3 for bottom chord members Rsr = 0.45(415)(5)
Use 3.00 mm size of weld Rsr = 0.95 kN
###

## Solving for available nominal compressive strength, Pn: KL/r

0.65(2.2423m*1000)/7.51
KL/r = 194.0739
The nominal Compressive strength, Pn , shall be determined
based on the limit state of flexural buckling.
4.71√(E/Fy)
Sec. 503 4.71√(200000MPa/248MPa)
Pn = Fcr Ag Formula 505.3-1 4.71√(E/Fy) = 133.7550
Since:
Solving for Flexural buckling Stress, Fcr ### > 4.71√(E/Fy)

## Formula 505.3-2 cannot be applied.

The flexural buckling stress, Fcr , is determined as follows:

## Fe = 〖 200000� 〗 ^2/ 〖 ((0.65)

(2∗1000)/11.97) 〗 ^2

Fe = 52.4077

## Fcr = 34.2195 MPa

Pn = FcrAg
Pn = (34.2195Mpa)(142mm2)
Pn = 4.86 kN
Pu = ФPn
Pu = 0.9(4.8592kN)
Pu = 4.37 MPa
Therefore:
### < ###
The trial section is not adequate.
Do not use L25x25x3 Try another steel.
ear Strength of weld: FOR BOTTOM CHORD
L30x30x6 For Shear Strength of w
707(w)Fnxx Thickness: 6.00 mm
707 x w x 0.60Fu Pact(max)= ### Rn = 0.707(w)Fnxx
707 x 3 x 0.60(415) Y1 9.56 m Rn = 0.707 x w x 0.60Fu
n = 0.528 kN Rn = 0.707 x 3 x 0.60(415)
Electrode: Rn = 0.528 kN
design strength: Therefore: E70XX
фRn = 0.40 kN < ### Safe Fy 485 MPa For the design strength:
фRn = 0.40 kN < ### Safe Fu 415 MPa
ф = 0.75
фRn = 0.75Rn
Because of the equation above, therefore Thickness 4.00 mm
фRn =
Rn = 0.40 kN Weld shear strength controls. 0.75(0.52
8)
фRn = 0.40 kN
ar at base metal: Solve for length total of weld, LT: For shear at base metal:
LT =
### 𝑃�/█(ф𝑅�@) ###
LT = 185.25 mm ф = 1.00
60(Fy)(t) From equation: Rs = 0.60(Fy)(t)
60(485)(5) L1 + (�1(13.08))/ Therefore; Rs = 0.60(485)(4)
((50−13.08)) = LT
t = 4mm, min of 3mm Rs = 1.16 kN

## L1 + L2 = LT → eq. 1 From: L30x30x6 фRs = 1.16 kN

t = 6 mm -1.6
L1y1 = L2y2 → eq. 2
ear Rupture strength: By solving simultaneously: t = 4.40 mm (Max. size of weld) For Shear Rupture stren
L1 = 121.05 mm ≈ 125 mm
Use 3.00 mm size of weld ф = 0.75
L2 = LT - L1 Rsr = 0.45Fut
= 0.45(415)(5) L2 = 185.2482 - 121.05 Rsr = 0.45(415)(4)
L1 = 64.20 mm ≈ 65 mm Rsr = 0.76 kN
фRsr = 0.57 kN

L1 + (�1(13.08))/
((50−13.08)) = LT
LT =
𝑃�/█(ф𝑅�@)
FOR VERTICAL CHORD
r Shear Strength of weld: L40x40x5 For Shear Strength of weld:
Thickness: 5.00 mm
= 0.707(w)Fnxx Pact(max)= ### Rn = 0.707(w)Fnxx
= 0.707 x w x 0.60Fu Y1 11.62 m Rn = 0.707 x w x 0.60Fu
= 0.707 x 3 x 0.60(415) Rn = 0.707 x 3 x 0.60(415)
Rn = 0.528 kN Electrode: Rn = 0.528 kN
Therefore: E70XX
r the design strength: ### < ### Safe Fy 485 MPa For the design strength:
### < ### Safe Fu 415 MPa
ф = 0.75

## n = 0.75Rn фRn = 0.75Rn

Note: Gusset Plate:
Because of the equation above, therefore Steel A36 0.75(0.52
8)
фRn = 0.40 kN Weld shear strength controls. Thickness 4.00 mm фRn = 0.40 kN
r shear at base metal: Solve for length total of weld, LT:
LT = LT = For shear at base metal:
𝑃�/█(ф𝑅�@) 𝑃�/█(ф𝑅�@)
###
LT = 181.93 mm ###
= 0.60(Fy)(t) From equation: ф = 1.00
= 0.60(485)(4) L1 + L2 = LT → eq. 1 Rs = 0.60(Fy)(t)
Rs = 1.16 kN L1y1 = L2y2 → eq. 2 Rs = 0.60(485)(4)

## L1 + (�1(14.04))/ t = 4 mm, min of 3mm фRs = 1.16 kN

r Shear Rupture strength:
((50−14.04)) = LT From: L40x40x5 For Shear Rupture strength:
t = 5 mm -1.6
### ≈ 120 mm t = 3.40 mm (Max. size of weld) ф = 0.75
r = 0.45Fut Rsr = 0.45Fut
r = 0.45(415)(4) L2 = LT - L1 Use 3.00 mm size of weld Rsr = 0.45(415)(4)
r = 0.76 kN L2 = 181.9288 - 119.49 Rsr = 0.76 kN
sr = 0.57 kN L1 = 62.44 mm ≈ 65 mm фRsr = 0.57 kN

L1 + (�1(14.04))/
((50−14.04)) = LT
FOR DIAGONAL CHORD
L40x40x3 For Shear Strength of weld:
Thickness: 3.00 mm
Pact(max)= ### Rn = 0.707(w)Fnxx
Y1 10.73 m Rn = 0.707 x w x 0.60Fu
Rn = 0.707 x 2.4 x 0.60(415)
Electrode: Rn = 0.423 kN
Therefore: E70XX
фRn = 0.40 kN < ### Safe Fy 485 MPa For the design strength:
фRn = 0.40 kN < ### Safe Fu 415 MPa
ф = 0.75
Note:
фRn = 0.75Rn
Because of the equation above, therefore Gusset Plate:
фRn =
Weld shear strength controls. Grade of Steel A36 0.75(0.42
3)
Thickness 4.00 mm фRn = 0.32 kN
Solve for length total of weld, LT:
LT = LT = For shear at base metal:
𝑃�/█(ф𝑅�@) 𝑃�/█(ф𝑅�@)
LT = 100.56 mm ###
From equation: ф = 1.00
L1 + L2 = LT → eq. 1 Rs = 0.60(Fy)(t)
L1y1 = L2y2 → eq. 2 Rs = 0.60(485)(4)

## By solving simultaneously: Therefore; Rs = 1.16 kN

L1 + (�1(9.56))/
t = 3mm, min of 3mm фRs = 1.16 kN
((30−9.56)) = LT

## From: L40x40x3 For Shear Rupture strength:

L1 = 72.99 mm ≈ 75 mm ф = 0.75
t = 4 mm -1.6 Rsr = 0.45Fut
L2 = LT - L1 t = 2.40 mm (Max. size of weld) Rsr = 0.45(415)(4)
L2 = 100.5566 - 72.99 Rsr = 0.76 kN
L1 = 27.57 mm ≈ 30 mm Use 2.40 mm size of weld фRsr = 0.57 kN

L1 + (�1(9.56))/
L1 + (�1(11.62))/
((30−9.56)) = LT ((40−11.62)) = LT
Design Summary of Welded Connection:

## Member L1 L2 Member Gusset plate Weld size

Top Chord 125 mm 65 mm Top Chord 5 mm
Bottom Chord 120 mm 65 mm Bottom Chord 4 mm
Diagonal Chord 75 mm 30 mm Diagonal Chord 4 mm
Vertical Chord 85 mm 45 mm Vertical Chord 4 mm
Therefore:
фRn = 0.32 kN < ### Safe
Saf
фRn = 0.32 kN < ### e

Note:

## Because of the equation above, therefore

Weld shear strength controls.
Solve for length total of weld, LT:
LT =
𝑃�/█(ф𝑅�@)
LT = 122.94 mm
From equation:
L1 + L2 = LT → eq. 1
L1y1 = L2y2 → eq. 2

By solving simultaneously:

L1 + (�1(11.62))/
((40−11.62)) = LT

L1 = 80.32 mm ≈ 85 mm

L2 = LT - L1
L2 = 122.9396 - 80.32
L1 = 42.62 mm ≈ 45 mm
Weld size
3 mm
3 mm
3 mm
2.4 mm
TRUSS INVESTIGATION

INTERNAL FORCESLRFD
TOP CHOR LENGTH (kN) LOAD COMBINATIONS, NSCP 2010M BAR NATURE DESIGN OF TOP CHORD MEMBERS
FORCE DESIGN
ROOF
(DL) WINDWARD
LIVE LOAD (Lr) 1.2DL + 1.6Lr1.2DL
LEEWARD + 1.6W + 0.5Lr
+ 0.8W

AB 1.2748 m -26.1131 -35.0558 37.3085 0.8203 -56.922 12.1425 -56.922 C DESIGN DATA:
BC 1.2748 m -14.5016 -19.1213 27.3458 0.8427 -25.4452 18.139 -25.4452 C
CD 1.2748 m -2.8901 -3.1869 17.3832 0.8508 6.02 24.1128 24.1128 C Maximum Actual Compressive Load;
DE 1.2748 m 8.7214 12.7475 7.4205 0.8548 37.4819 30.0799 37.4819 T
EF 1.2748 m -0.2672 0.6374 8.8595 -0.7608 7.1782 12.956 12.956 T Pact = 73.4 kN
FG 1.2748 m -2.3891 -2.1246 6.4979 -1.8379 -2.5383 3.5268 3.5268 C

9.6513 -73.3583
GH 1.2748 m -2.3891 -2.1246 6.9131 1.5747 0.524 9.6513 C Length of the Most Stressed Member, L
HI 1.2748 m -0.2672 0.6374 4.3279 1.4917 5.3549 9.3094 9.3094 T -L = 26.1131 m
IJ 1.2748 m 8.7214 12.7475 0.4486 -1.7918 29.7871 14.6903 29.7871 T
JK 1.2748 m -2.8901 -3.1869 0.4457 4.526 -4.5898 2.8932 -4.5898 C Recommended Design Coefficient, k

-38.9693
KL 1.2748 m -14.5016 -19.1213 0.4397 10.8437 -38.9693 -8.9091 C K = 0.65
LM 1.2748 m -26.1131 -35.0558 0.4219 17.1615 -73.3583 -20.7302 -73.3583 C

## Assuming Rotation-Fixed and

BOTTOM INTERNAL FORCES LRFD LOAD COMBINATIONS, NSCPMAXIMU 2010 LOAD Translation-Fixed) Fundamentals of
CHORD LENGTH M BAR NATURE Structural Steel Design, Gillesania
ROOF
(DL)
(Lr) 1.2DL + 1.6Lr
1.2DL
+ 0.8W
+ 1.6W + 0.5Lr
FORCE DESIGN
S
AX 1.25 m 25.606 34.3750 -38.0473 -0.7685 54.6746 -14.1906 54.6746 T
XW 1.25 m 25.606 34.3750 -38.0473 -0.7685 54.6746 -14.1906 54.6746 T Material Properties;
WV 1.25 m 14.22 18.7500 -27.4641 -0.7923 24.4589 -18.7712 24.4589 T
VU 1.25 m 2.834 3.1250 -16.8808 -0.8003 -5.7441 -23.3265 -23.3265 T Grade of Steel A36
Minimum Yeild
UT 1.25 m -8.552 -12.5000 -8.5335 -1.1216 -37.9865 -31.9606 -37.9865 C 248 MPa
Strength, Fy
Minimum Tensile
TS 1.25 m 0.262 -0.6250 -9.1305 0.4627 -7.6198 -13.8666 -13.8666 C 400 MPa
72.0438 Strength, Fu
SR 1.25 m 0.262 -0.6250 -3.4657 -1.9537 -5.0211 -8.6691 -8.6691 C Modulus of Elasticy 200000 MPa
RQ 1.25 m -8.552 -12.5000 0.3368 1.1216 -29.0957 -14.179 -29.0957 C
QP 1.25 m 2.834 3.1250 -0.4205 -4.0787 4.8014 -2.2354 4.8014 T Trial Section:
72.0438

PO 1.25 m 14.22 18.7500 -0.4146 -10.7904 38.1 8.511 38.1 T Ag = 480 mm^2
L50x50x5
ON 1.25 m 25.606 34.3750 -0.3972 -17.5014 71.4083 19.2769 71.4083 T r = 15.11 mm
NM 1.25 m 25.606 34.3750 0.3972 -17.5014 72.0438 20.548 72.0438 T

## MAXWELL DIAGRAM SUMMARY RESULT

AL LENGTH NATURE
+ 1.6W + 0.5Lr BAR
1.2DL + 1.6Lr
1.2DL
+ 0.8W M
ROOF
(DL)
(Lr) DESIGN
CHORD FORCE
BX 0.4167 m 2.1875 0 0 0 2.625 2.625 2.625 T
CW 0.8333 m 4.4647 3.125 -2.1167 -0.0048 8.6604 3.5257 8.6604 T
DV 1.25 m 6.7419 6.25 -4.2333 -0.0032 14.7011 4.4369 14.7011 T
EU 1.6667 m -11.1809 -18.125 4.8302 -1.5843 -39.8204 -17.2861 -39.8204 C
FT 2.0833 m -4.8637 -9.5 0.4775 -1.2674 -21.6684 -11.8503 -21.6684 C
GS 2.50 m -1.9252 -5.4167 -0.5948 -0.6214 -11.9499 -6.9645 -11.9499 T -39.8204
HR 2.0833 m -4.8637 -9.5 3.042 2.1627 -16.8727 -2.2589 -16.8727 C
IQ 1.6667 m -11.1809 -18.125 3.7955 5.388 -35.0703 -7.786 -35.0703 C
JP 1.25 m 6.7419 6.25 -0.0047 -2.6845 15.9389 6.9126 15.9389 T
KO 0.8333 m 4.4647 3.125 -0.0035 -1.3423 9.281 4.7669 9.281 T
LN 0.4167 m 2.1875 0 0 0 2.625 2.625 2.625 T

AL LENGTH M BAR NATURE
ROOF
(DL)
WINDWARDLEEWARD
(Lr) 1.2DL + 1.6Lr
1.2DL
+ 0.8W
+ 1.6W + 0.5Lr
FORCE DESIGN
CHORD
BW 0.5568 m -116115 -15.9344 10.7929 0.0243 -139354.84 -139328.66 -139354.84 C
CV 1.7159 m -12.2631 -16.8286 11.3985 0.0086 -32.5158 -4.8787 -32.5158 C
DU 1.9526 m -13.2782 18.2217 12.3421 0.0046 23.0982 12.9317 23.0982 T
ET 2.2423 m 11.2874 15.2074 -0.7644 2.0289 38.8883 23.1718 38.8883 T
FS 2.5672 m 2.9425 3.8302 4.4262 1.4937 14.3952 14.9179 14.9179 C
-139358.01
HS 2.5672 m 2.9425 3.8302 3.585 0.6149 13.0192 12.1659 13.0192 C
IR 2.2423 m 11.2874 15.2074 4.8695 -3.4621 39.0026 23.4004 39.0026 T
JQ 1.9526 m -13.2782 18.2217 0.006 7.8267 19.487 5.7093 19.487 T
-139358.01

## KP 1.7159 m -12.2631 -16.8286 0.0075 7.2283 -35.8528 -11.5527 -35.8528 C

LO 0.5568 m -116115 -15.9344 0.0178 6.8442 -139358.01 -139334.99 -139358.01 C
DESIGN OF BOTTOM
Solving for available nominal KL/r CHORD MEMBERS * Tensile Yielding:
compressive strength, Pn: 0.65(-26.1131*1000)/15.11

DESIGN DATA:
### Pn = Fy Ag
The nominal Compressive strength, Pn ,
Pn = (248)(480)
shall be determined based on the limit
state of flexural buckling. 4.71√(E/Fy) Maximum Actual Tensile Load; Pn = 119.04 kN
Sec. 503 4.71√(200000MPa/248MPa)
4.71√(E/Fy) = 133.7550 Pact = 0.0000 kN ФPn = 0.9Pn
Pn = Fcr Ag Formula 505.3-1 Since: ФPn = 107.14 kN
KL/r < 4.71√(E/Fy) Material Properties;
Solving for Flexural buckling Stress, Fcr *Tensile Rupture
Formula 505.3-2 applies.

## The flexural buckling stress, Fcr , is Minimum Yeild

248 MPa Pn=FuAe
Strength, Fy
Minimum Tensile
determined as follows: 400 MPa
Strength, Fu
Modulus of Elasticy ### For welded connections, the
reduced area Ae is defined as
Fe = 〖 200000� 〗 ^2/ the effective area (rather than
〖 (55.16787) 〗 ^2 the effective net area, and it is
Trial Section: given by:
### L50x50x5 ###
Ae=AgU
The design tensile strength, ФtPn, shall where:
be the lower value obtained according to U = 1.00 le 504.3.1
the limit states of tensile yielding in the
### gross section and tensile ruoture in the
net section. Therefore, Ag = Ae
Pn = FcrAg
Pn = [(0)(480)]/1000 Pn = (400)(480)
Pn = 0.00 kN 1. For tensile yielding in the gross section: Pn = 192.00 kN

## Pu = ФPn Pn = Fy Agn. 504.2-1 ФPn = 0.75Pn

Pu = 0.9(0kN) Ф = 0.90 ФPn = 144.00 kN
###
Therefore: 2. For tensile Rupture in the net section: Therefore;
### < ### ### > ###
The trial section is not adequate. Pn = Fu Ae The trial section is adequate.
Do not useL50x50x5
Try another steel. Ф = 0.75 Use L50x50x5d members
DESIGN OF VERTICAL CHOR Solving for available nominal KL/r DESIGN OF DIAGONAL CHO
compressive strength, Pn: 0.65(0m*1000)/11.97
DESIGN DATA: ### DESIGN DATA:

Maximum Actual Compressive The nominal Compressive strength, Pn , Maximum Actual Compressive
shall be determined based on the limit
state of flexural buckling. 4.71√(200000MPa/248MPa)
Pact = 0.000 kN Sec. 503 4.71√(E/Fy) = 133.7550 Pact = 0.000 kN
Since:
Length of the Most Stressed Member, L Pn = Fcr Ag Formula 505.3-1 ### < 4.71√(E/Fy) Length of the Most Stressed Member, L
L = 0.0000 m L = 0.0000 m
Formula 505.3-2 applies.

## Recommended Design Coefficient, k Recommended Design Coefficient, k

K = 0.65 Solving for Flexural buckling Stress, Fcr K = 0.65

## Fe = 〖 200000� 〗 ^2/ 〖 ((0.65)

The flexural buckling stress, Fcr , is
Assuming Rotation-Fixed and (2∗1000)/11.97) 〗 ^2 Assuming Rotation-Fixed and
Translation-Fixed) Translation-Fixed)
Fundamentals of Structural determined as follows: Fundamentals of Structural
Steel Design, Gillesania #DIV/0! Steel Design, Gillesania

## Material Properties; Material Properties;

Minimum Yeild Minimum Yeild
248 MPa 248 MPa
Strength,
Minimum Fy Strength,
Tensile Minimum FyTensile
400 MPa Pn = FcrAg 400 MPa
Strength, Fu Strength, Fu
Modulus of Elasticy ### #DIV/0! Modulus of Elasticy ###
#DIV/0!
Trial Section: Trial Section:
### Pu = ФPn ###
L40x40x5 L50x50x5
### #DIV/0! ###
#DIV/0!
Therefore:
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! ###
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0! L40x40x5 #DIV/0!
Solving for available nominal KL/r DESIGN SUMMARY DESIGN FOR WELDED CONNECTIONS
compressive strength, Pn: 0.65(0m*1000)/15.11 Part of Truss Used Weight
KL/r = 0.0000 Top Chord L50x50x5 ### DESIGN DATA:

###
The nominal Compressive strength, Pn ,
shall be determined based on the limit Bottom Chord
L50x50x5
state of flexural buckling. 4.71√(E/Fy) Vertical Member
L40x40x5 ### FOR TOP CHORD
4.71√(200000MPa/248MPa) Diagonal Member
L50x50x5 ### L50x50x5
Sec. 503 4.71√(E/Fy) = 133.7550 Thickness: 5.00 mm
Since: Pact(max)= 0.0000 N
Pn = Fcr Ag Formula 505.3-1 ### < 4.71√(E/Fy) Y1 14.04 m

## Formula 505.3-2 applies.

Electrode:

E70XX
Solving for Flexural buckling Stress, Fcr Fy 485 MPa
Fu 415 MPa
Fe = 〖 200000� 〗 ^2/ 〖 ((0.65)
The flexural buckling stress, Fcr , is
(2∗1000)/11.97) 〗 ^2
Gusset
determined as follows: Plate:
Thickness 5.00 mm

#DIV/0!

Pn = FcrAg
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
Therefore;
Pu = ФPn t = 5mm, min of 3mm
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0! From: L50x50x5
Therefore:
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! ### t = 5 mm -1.6
#DIV/0! t = 3.40 mm (Max. size of weld)
#DIV/0! L50x50x5 #DIV/0!
Use 3.00 mm size of weld
For Shear Strength of weld: FOR BOTTOM CHORD
L50x50x5 For Shear Strength of weld:
Rn = 0.707(w)Fnxx Thickness: 5.00 mm

Rn = 0.707(w)Fnxx
Rn = 0.707 x w x 0.60Fu Pact(max)= 0.0000 N
Rn = 0.707 x 3 x 0.60(415) Y1 14.04 m Rn = 0.707 x w x 0.60Fu
Rn = 0.528 kN Rn = 0.707 x 3 x 0.60(415)
Electrode: Rn = 0.528 kN
For the design strength: E70XX
Fy 485 MPa For the design strength: Therefore:
ф = 0.75 Therefore: Fu 415 MPa ###
фRn = 0.75Rn ### < ### Safe ф = 0.75 ###

## фRn = 0.75(0.528) ### фRn = 0.75Rn

< ### Safe
фRn = 0.40 kN Grade of Steel A36 фRn = 0.75(0.528) Note:
Note: Thickness 4.00 mm фRn = 0.40 kN Because of the equation
For shear at base metal: Because of the equation above, therefore Weld shear strength c

## Weld shear strength controls. For shear at base metal:

### Solve for length tota
ф = 1.00 Solve for length total of weld, LT: ### LT =
Rs = 0.60(Fy)(t) ф = 1.00 𝑃�/█(ф𝑅�@)
LT =
Rs = 0.60(485)(5) 𝑃�/█(ф𝑅�@) Rs = 0.60(Fy)(t) ###
Rs = 1.46 kN ### Rs = 0.60(485)(4)
фRs = 1.46 kN Therefore; Rs = 1.16 kN From equation:
From equation: t = 5mm, min of 3mm фRs = 1.16 kN L1 + L2 = LT → eq. 1
For Shear Rupture strength: L1 + L2 = LT → eq. 1 L1y1 = L2y2 → eq. 2
L1y1 = L2y2 → eq. 2 From: L50x50x5 For Shear Rupture strength:
ф = 0.75 By solving simultaneously: By solving simultaneo
Rsr = 0.45Fut t = 4 mm -1.6 ф = 0.75 L1 + (�1(14.04))/
Rsr = 0.45(415)(5) L1 + (�1(13.08))/ t = 3.40 mm (Max. size of weld) Rsr = 0.45Fut ((50−14.04)) = L
((50−13.08)) = LT
Rsr = 0.95 kN Rsr = 0.45(415)(4)
фRsr = 0.72 kN ### ### Use 3.00 mm size of weld Rsr = 0.76 kN ###
фRsr = 0.57 kN
L2 = LT - L1 L2 = LT - L1
L2 = 0 - 121.05 L2 = 0 - 119.49
### ### ###
FOR VERTICAL CHORD FOR DIAGONAL CHOR
L40x40x5 For Shear Strength of weld:
Thickness: 5.00 mm Thickness:

Rn = 0.707(w)Fnxx
Pact(max)= 0.0000 N Pact(max)=
Y1 11.62 m Rn = 0.707 x w x 0.60Fu Y1
Rn = 0.707 x 3 x 0.60(415)
Electrode: Rn = 0.528 kN Electrode:
E70XX E70XX
Therefore: Fy 485 MPa For the design strength: Therefore: Fy
< ### Safe Fu 415 MPa ### < ### Safe Fu
< ### Safe ф = 0.75 ### < ### Safe
Gusset фRn = 0.75Rn Gusset
Plate: Plate:
Because of the equation above, therefore Thickness 4.00 mm фRn = 0.40 kN Because of the equation above, therefore Thickness
Weld shear strength controls. Weld shear strength controls.

## For shear at base metal:

Solve for length total of weld, LT: Solve for length total of weld, LT:
LT = ### LT =
𝑃�/█(ф𝑅�@) ф = 1.00 𝑃�/█(ф𝑅�@)
Rs = 0.60(Fy)(t) LT = 0.00 mm
Rs = 0.60(485)(4)
From equation: Rs = 1.16 kN From equation: Therefore;
L1 + L2 = LT → eq. 1 Therefore; фRs = 1.16 kN L1 + L2 = LT → eq. 1 t = 5mm, min
L1y1 = L2y2 → eq. 2 t = 5 mm, min of 3mm L1y1 = L2y2 → eq. 2
For Shear Rupture strength: From:
By solving simultaneously: From: L40x40x5 By solving simultaneously:
L1 + (�1(14.04))/ ф = 0.75
t=5 L1 + (�1(9.56))/
((50−14.04)) = LT mm -1.6 Rsr = 0.45Fut ((30−9.56)) = LT ###
### (Max. size of weld) Rsr = 0.45(415)(4)
### Rsr = 0.76 kN ### ≈ 75 mm Use 3.00 mm siz
Use 3.00 mm size of weld фRsr = 0.57 kN
L2 = LT - L1 L2 = LT - L1
L2 = 0 - 119.49 L2 = 0 - 72.99
≈ 50 mm ### ≈ 35 mm
FOR DIAGONAL CHORD Design Summary of Welded Connection:
L50x50x5 For Shear Strength of weld:
Thickness: 5.00 mm Member L1 L2

Rn = 0.707(w)Fnxx
Pact(max)= 0.0000 N Top Chord 125 mm 145 mm
Y1 14.04 m Rn = 0.707 x w x 0.60Fu Bottom Chord 120 mm 50 mm
Rn = 0.707 x 3 x 0.60(415) Diagonal Chord 75 mm 35 mm
Electrode: ### Vertical Chord 85 mm 35 mm
E70XX Therefore:
Fy 485 MPa For the design strength: ### < ### Safe
Saf
Fu 415 MPa ### < ### Member Gusset plate Weld size
e
ф = 0.75 Top Chord 5 mm 3 mm

фRn = 0.75Rn
Note: Bottom Chord 4 mm 3 mm
Grade of Steel A36 фRn = 0.75(0.528) Because of the equation above, therefore Diagonal Chord 4 mm 3 mm
Thickness 4.00 mm фRn = 0.40 kN Weld shear strength controls. Vertical Chord 4 mm 3 mm

## For shear at base metal:

Solve for length total of weld, LT:
### LT =
ф = 1.00 𝑃�/█(ф𝑅�@)
Rs = 0.60(Fy)(t) ###
Rs = 0.60(485)(4)
Therefore; Rs = 1.16 kN From equation:
t = 5mm, min of 3mm фRs = 1.16 kN L1 + L2 = LT → eq. 1
L1y1 = L2y2 → eq. 2
L50x50x5 For Shear Rupture strength:

## t=5 By solving simultaneously:

mm ф = 0.75
-1.6 L1 + (�1(11.62))/
### (Max. size of weld) Rsr = 0.45Fut ((40−11.62)) = LT
Rsr = 0.45(415)(4)
Use 3.00 mm size of weld Rsr = 0.76 kN ### ≈ 85 mm
фRsr = 0.57 kN
L2 = LT - L1
L2 = 0 - 80.32
### ≈ 35 mm
Designation Weight(W) Area(A) Depth(d)
Web Thickness(tw) Flange x Ix Sx
kg/m mm2 mm m bf t mm x10^3 mm^4x10^3 mm^3
C3 x 4.1 6.14 781 76.2 4.3 35.8 6.9 11.07 691 18.14
C3 X 5 7.46 948 76.2 6.6 38 6.9 11.13 770 20.21
C3 X 6 8.93 1135 76.2 9 40.5 6.9 11.56 862 22.62
C4 X 5.4 8.07 1,026 101.6 4.7 40.2 7.5 11.61 1,602 31.54
C4 X 7.25 10.81 1,307 101.6 8.2 43.7 7.5 11.66 1,911 37.62
C5 X 6.7 10 1,207 127 4.8 44.5 8.1 12.29 3,118 49.1
C5 X 9 13.4 1,703 127 8.3 47.9 8.1 12.14 3,704 58.33
C6 X 8.2 12.18 1,548 152.4 5.1 48.8 8.7 12.98 5,453 71.56
C6 X 10.5 15.68 1,994 152.4 8 51.7 8.7 12.67 6,327 83.03

W16x57 85.26 10,839 417.3 10.9 180.8 18.2 47.24 315.503 1,512
W16x50 74.6 9,484 413 9.7 179.6 16 46,74 274,297 1,328
W16x45 67.5 8,581 409.7 8.8 178.7 14.4 46.48 243,912 1.191
W16x40 59.88 7.613 406.7 7.7 177.7 12.8 46.23 215,608 1,060
W16x36 53.79 6.839 402.8 7.5 177.4 10.9 45.47 186,472 926
W 16x31 46.28 5,884 403.4 7 140.3 11.2 35.31 156,087 774
W16x26 38.98 4,955 398.5 6.4 139.7 8.8 34.54 125,286 629
W14x730 1,091.06 138,709 569.5 78 454.4 124.7 126.75 ### 20,903
W14x665 994.64 126,451 549.7 71.9 448.3 114.8 124.97 5,161,270 18,778
W14x605 903.3 114,838 531.4 65.9 442.3 105.7 123.19 4,495,299 16,919
W14x550 822.11 104.516 514.1 60.5 436.9 97 121.67 3,925,062 15,270
W14x500 745.99 94.839 497.8 55.6 432.1 88.9 120.14 3,417,260 13,729
w 14x455 680.01 86451 483.1 51.2 427.6 81.5 118.87 2,992,704 12390
W 14x426 634.34 80,645 474.2 47.6 424.1 77.1 117.86 2,747,127 11,586
W14x398 593.74 75,484 464.6 45 421.4 72.3 117.09 2,497,389 10751
W14x370 553.14 70,322 455.2 42 418.5 67.6 116.08 2,264,299 9,949
W14x342 512.55 65,161 445.5 39.1 415.5 62.7 115.32 2,039,534 9,156
W14x311 463.83 58,968 434.8 35.8 412.2 57.4 114.3 1,802,282 8,290
W14x283 422.73 53,742 425.2 32.8 409.2 52.6 113.28 1,598,329 7,518
W14x257 383.65 48,774 416.1 29.8 406.3 48 112.52 1,415,187 6,802
W14x233 347.61 44,193 407.4 27.2 403.6 43.7 111.76 1,252,857 6,151
W14x211 314.63 40,000 399.3 24.9 401.3 39.6 111 1,107,176 5546
W14x193 288.24 36,645 393.2 22.6 399 36.6 110.49 998,955 5081
W14x176 262.87 33419 386.6 21.1 397.5 33.3 109.73 890,735 4,608
W14x159 236.99 30,129 380.5 18.9 395.4 30.2 109.22 790,840 4,157
W14x145 216.69 27,548 375.4 17.3 393.7 27.7 108.71 711,756 3,792
W14x132 196.9 25,032 372.4 16.4 374 26.2 102.87 636,834 3.42
W14x120 179.14 22,774 367.8 15 372.6 23.9 102.62 514,399 3,123
W14x109 162.39 20,645 363.7 13.3 371 21.8 102.11 516,127 2,838

## PROPERTIES OF EQUAL ANGLE SECTIONS Axis -X

Designation Weight Area Depth Width Thickness Radius lx
2L20x20x3 L20x20x3 0.88 112 20 20 3 1.75 3.5 3.92
2L25x25x3 L25x25x3 1.12 142 25 25 3 1.75 3.5 8.03
2L30x30x3 L30x30x3 1.36 174 30 30 3 2.6 5 14.05
2L30x30x5 L30x30x5 2.18 278 30 30 5 2.5 5 21.64
2L30x30x6 L30x30x6 2.56 327 30 30 6 2.5 5 24.94
2L40x40x3 L40x40x3 1.84 235 40 40 3 3 6 34.46
2L40x40x5 L40x40x5 2.97 379 40 40 5 3 6 54.27
2L40x40x6 L40x40x6 3.52 448 40 40 6 3 6 63.14
2L50x50x3 L50x50x3 2.33 296 50 50 3 3.5 7 66.61
2L50x50x5 L50x50x5 3.77 480 50 50 5 3.5 7 109.64
2L50x50x6 L50x50x6 4.47 569 50 50 6 3.5 7 128.41
2L50x50x8 L50x50x8 5.82 741 50 50 8 3.5 7 162.83
2L50x50x10 L50x50x10 7.11 905 50 50 10 3.5 7 193.6
2L65x65x5 L65x65x5 4.97 634 65 65 5 4.5 9 247.44
2L65x65x6 L65x65x6 5.91 753 65 65 6 4.5 9 291.87
2L65x65x8 L65x65x8 7.73 985 65 65 8 4.5 9 374.89
2L65x65x10 L65x65x10 9.49 1,209 65 65 10 4.5 9 450.83
2L65x65x12 L65x65x12 11.18 1,425 65 65 12 4.5 9 520.45
L75X75X5 5.78 736 75 75 5 5 10 385.13
L75X75X6 6.87 875 75 75 6 5 10 455.71
L75X75X8 9 1147 75 75 8 5 10 588.74
L75X75X10 11.07 1411 75 75 10 5 10 711.75
L75X75X12 13.08 1667 75 75 12 5 10 825.67
L90X90X6 8.3 1057 90 90 6 5.5 11 803.15
L90X90X8 10.9 1389 90 90 8 5.5 11 1043.82
L90X90X10 13.45 1713 90 90 10 5.5 11 1269.15
L90X90X12 15.93 2029 90 90 12 5.5 11 1480.28
L100X100X6 9.26 1179 100 100 6 6 12 1110.54
L100X100X8 12.18 1551 100 100 8 6 12 1448.42
L100X100X10 15.04 1915 100 100 8 6 12 1766.76
L100X100X12 17.83 2271 100 100 12 6 12 2066.88
L100X100X14 20.56 2619 100 100 14 6 12 2350.03
L100X100X16 23.23 2959 100 100 16 6 12 2617.41
L100X100X18 25.84 3291 100 100 18 6 12 2870.2
L125X125X5 15.34 1954 125 125 8 6.5 13 2901.23

## 0.88 112 20 20 3 1.75 3.5 3.92

1.12 142 25 25 3 1.75 3.5 8.03
1.36 174 30 30 3 2.6 5 14.05
2.18 278 30 30 5 2.5 5 21.64
2.56 327 30 30 6 2.5 5 24.94
1.84 235 40 40 3 3 6 34.46
2.97 379 40 40 5 3 6 54.27
3.52 448 40 40 6 3 6 63.14
2.33 296 50 50 3 3.5 7 66.61
3.77 480 50 50 5 3.5 7 109.64
4.47 569 50 50 6 3.5 7 128.41
5.82 741 50 50 8 3.5 7 162.83
7.11 905 50 50 10 3.5 7 193.6
4.97 634 65 65 5 4.5 9 247.44
5.91 753 65 65 6 4.5 9 291.87
7.73 985 65 65 8 4.5 9 374.89
9.49 1,209 65 65 10 4.5 9 450.83
11.18 1,425 65 65 12 4.5 9 520.45
rx Iy Sy ry
mm x10^3 mm^4x10^3 mm^3 mm
29.74 83 3.36 10.31
28.5 104 3.87 10.47
27.56 125 4.32 10.49
39.51 133 4.65 11.39
37.29 179 5.59 11.41
49.53 200 6.21 12.54
46.64 262 7.33 12.4
59.35 287 8.01 13.62
56.33 362 9.27 13.47

## 170.61 17,940 198 40.68

170.06 15,484 172 40.41
168.6 13.652 153 39.89
168.29 12,029 135 39.75
165.12 10,198 115 38.62
16287 5.161 74 29.62
159.01 3.992 57 28.38
207.15 ### 8,647 119.01
202.03 1,735,685 7,743 117.16
197.85 1,531,732 6,926 115.49
193.79 1,352,752 6,193 113.77
189.82 1,198.75 5,548 112.43
186.06 1,065.55 4,984 111.02
184.57 982,306 4,632 110.37
181.89 903,222 4,287 109.39
179.44 828,301 3,958 108.53
176.92 753,379 3,626 107.53
174.82 670,133 3,251 106.6
172.46 599,373 2,929 105.61
170.34 536.939 2,643 104.92
168.37 478,666 2,372 104.07
166.37 428,718 2,137 103.53
165.11 387,511 1,942 102.83
163.26 348,802 1,755 102.16
162.01 311,341 1,575 101.65
160.74 281,789 1,431 101.14
159.5 228,095 1,220 95.46
158.81 206,035 1,106 95.12
158.11 186,055 1.003 94.93

Axis -X Axis -Y
Sx rx y ly Sy ry x
0.28 5.9 5.98 392 0.28 5.9 5.98
0.45 7.51 7.23 8.03 0.45 7.51 7.23
0.65 8.99 8.35 14.05 0.65 8.99 8.35
1.04 8.83 9.18 21.64 1.04 8.83 9.18
1.22 8.74 9.56 24.94 1.22 8.74 9.56
1.18 12.11 10.73 34.46 1.18 12.11 10.73
1.91 11.97 11.62 54.27 1.91 11.97 11.62
2.26 11.87 12.02 63.14 2.26 11.87 12.02
1.86 15.22 13.08 68.61 1.86 15.22 13.08
3.05 15.11 14.04 109.64 3 15.11 14.04
3.61 15.02 14.45 128.41 3.61 15.02 14.45
4.68 14.82 15.24 162.83 4.68 14.82 15.24
5.69 14.62 15.98 193.6 5.69 14.62 15.98
5.22 19.11 17.58 247.44 5.22 19.76 17.58
6.21 19.31 18.04 291.87 6.21 19.69 18:04
8.13 19.51 18.88 374.89 8.13 19.51 18.88
9.94 19.69 19.66 450.83 9.94 19.31 19.66
11.67 19.76 20.41 520.45 11.67 19.11 20.41
7 22.88 19.95 385.13 7 22.88 19.95
8.35 22.62 20.43 455.71 8.35 22.82 20.43
10.96 22.66 21.3 588.74 10.96 22.66 21.3
13.46 22.46 22.11 711.75 13.45 22.46 22.11
15.84 22.26 22.88 825.67 15.84 22.26 22.88
12.18 27.57 24.05 803.15 12.18 27.57 24.05
16.05 27.41 24.96 1043.82 16.05 27.41 24.96
19.77 27.22 25.8 1269.15 19.77 27.22 25.8
23.34 27.01 26.59 1480.28 23.34 27.01 26.59
15.09 30.96 26.42 1110.54 15.09 30.69 26.42
19.94 30.55 27.37 1448.42 19.94 30.55 27.37
24.62 30.37 28.22 1766.76 24.62 30.37 28.22
29.12 30.17 29.03 2866.88 29.12 30.17 29.03
33.48 29.95 29.81 2350.03 33.48 29.95 29.81
37.7 29.74 30.56 2617.41 37.7 29.74 30.56
41.78 29.53 31.3 2870.2 41.78 29.53 31.3
31.71 38.53 33.5 2901.23 31.71 38.53 33.5

## 0.28 5.9 5.98 392 0.28 5.9 5.98

0.45 7.51 7.23 8.03 0.45 7.51 7.23
0.65 8.99 8.35 14.05 0.65 8.99 8.35
1.04 8.83 9.18 21.64 1.04 8.83 9.18
1.22 8.74 9.56 24.94 1.22 8.74 9.56
1.18 12.11 10.73 34.46 1.18 12.11 10.73
1.91 11.97 11.62 54.27 1.91 11.97 11.62
2.26 11.87 12.02 63.14 2.26 11.87 12.02
1.86 15.22 13.08 68.61 1.86 15.22 13.08
3.05 15.11 14.04 109.64 3 15.11 14.04
3.61 15.02 14.45 128.41 3.61 15.02 14.45
4.68 14.82 15.24 162.83 4.68 14.82 15.24
5.69 14.62 15.98 193.6 5.69 14.62 15.98
5.22 19.11 17.58 247.44 5.22 19.76 17.58
6.21 19.31 18.04 291.87 6.21 19.69 18:04
8.13 19.51 18.88 374.89 8.13 19.51 18.88
9.94 19.69 19.66 450.83 9.94 19.31 19.66
11.67 19.76 20.41 520.45 11.67 19.11 20.41
MAXWELL DIAGRAM SUMMARY RESULT

TOP MAXIMUM
INTERNAL FORCES (kN) LRFD LOAD COMBINATIONS, NSCP 2010
CHORD LENGTH BAR
ROOF(DL)
WINDWARD
(Lr) 1.2DL + 1.6Lr
LEEWARD 1.2DL++0.8W
1.6W + 0.5Lr
FORCE
AB ### -26.1325 -34.3113 23.5448 0.172 -67.2836 -10.5678 -67.2836
BC ### -14.0605 -18.3769 12.566 0.172 -36.0852 -5.6803 -36.0852
CD ### -1.9886 -2.4424 1.5872 0.172 -4.8868 -0.7928 -4.8868
DE ### 10.0833 13.492 -9.3917 0.172 26.3114 4.0944 26.3114
EF ### -0.1443 -0.5007 -0.7286 -0.038 -1.5876 -1.6501 -1.6501
FG ### -2.4577 -2.8487 1.3872 -0.178 -6.5398 -2.4389 -6.5398
-2.5551
GH ### -0.8672 -0.6884 -0.2383 -0.278 -2.5551 -2.2109
HI ### 3.3555 4.9155 -4.2022 -0.353 8.2472 -0.804 8.2472
IJ ### -1.0523 -0.8051 0.4035 -0.0224 -2.246 -1.0556 -2.246
JK ### -2.1642 -2.1946 1.8923 0.242 -4.401 -0.2795 -4.401
1.2441
KL ### -0.8791 -0.4343 1.1142 0.4584 -0.4917 1.2441
LM ### 2.2039 3.6883 -1.364 0.6387 7.9657 3.3284 7.9657
MN ### 2.2039 3.6883 -0.9066 -0.9392 7.0693 1.5356 7.0693
NO ### -0.8791 -0.4343 -0.6227 0.6875 -1.698 -1.1684 -1.698
OP ### -2.1642 -2.1946 -0.2822 1.1968 -5.3767 -2.231 -5.3767
PQ ### -1.0523 -0.8051 0.1341 0.2161 -2.2708 -1.105 -2.2708
QR ### 3.3555 4.9155 0.6544 -2.8134 10.1642 3.03 10.1642
RS ### -0.8672 -0.6884 0.5498 -0.2157 -1.8748 -0.8503 -1.8748
ST ### -2.4577 -2.8487 0.4104 0.8431 -6.5044 -2.368 -6.5044
TU ### -0.1443 -0.5007 0.2152 -0.5603 -1.2504 -0.9757 -1.2504
UV ### 10.0833 13.492 -0.0777 -6.2724 28.6071 8.6858 28.6071
VW ### -1.9886 -2.4424 -0.0119 0.9096 -5.576 -2.1712 -5.576
WX ### -14.0605 -18.3769 0.01196 8.0594 -39.8186 -13.1469 -39.8186
XY ### -26.1325 -34.3113 -0.275 15.2971 -74.2394 -24.4793 -74.2394

## BOTTOM INTERNAL FORCES MAXIMUM

CHORD LENGTH BAR
ROOF
(DL)
WINDWARDLEEWARD
(Lr) 1.2DL
+ 0.8W
+ 1.6W + 0.5Lr
FORCE
MEMBER
AX 1.25 m 25.625 33.6450 -24.011 -0.1619 65.2437 8.8959 65.2437
XW 1.25 m 25.625 33.6450 -24.011 -0.1619 65.2437 8.8959 65.2437
WV 1.25 m 13.7875 18.0200 -12.3483 -0.1619 35.3688 5.5387 35.3688
VU 1.25 m 1.95 2.3950 -0.6856 -0.1619 5.494 2.1815 5.494
UT 1.25 m -9.8875 -13.2300 7.1251 -0.2031 -27.4954 -7.4048 -27.4954
TS 1.25 m -0.1415 -0.4910 -0.4726 0.0028 -1.3312 -1.167 -1.3312
SR 1.25 m 2.41 2.7933 -1.6502 0.1401 6.1532 1.8725 6.1532
RQ 1.25 m 0.8504 0.6750 0.8409 0.2382 2.9638 3.0845 3.0845
QP 1.25 m -3.2903 -4.8200 2.0495 0.449 -9.6616 -2.3608 -9.6616
PO 1.25 m 1.0319 0.7894 -1.569 0.1249 1.346 -0.6776 1.346
ON 1.25 m 2.1222 2.1520 -2.1323 -0.1345 4.1764 -0.0042 4.1764
NM 1.25 m 0.862 0.4259 -0.4722 -0.3466 1.0608 -0.0627 1.0608
MN 1.25 m 0.862 0.4259 0.4526 -0.2656 1.8654 1.5466 1.8654
NO 1.25 m 2.1222 2.1520 0.1187 -1.3545 5.0012 1.6454 5.0012
OP 1.25 m 1.0319 0.7894 -0.2895 -0.9823 1.4839 -0.4019 1.4839
PQ 1.25 m -3.2903 -4.8200 -0.7997 1.3988 -11.1811 -5.3998 -11.1811
QR 1.25 m 0.8504 0.6750 -0.4848 0.6106 2.2011 1.5593 2.2011
RS 1.25 m 2.41 2.7933 -0.348 -1.0171 6.2692 2.1045 6.2692
ST 1.25 m -0.1415 -0.4910 -0.1566 -0.2305 -1.2651 -1.0347 -1.2651
TU 1.25 m -9.8875 -13.2300 -0.1306 4.7812 -29.3125 -11.039 -29.3125
UV 1.25 m 1.95 2.3950 0.001 -0.3195 5.9172 3.0279 5.9172
VW 1.25 m 13.7875 18.0200 -0.1281 -7.9201 38.9384 12.6779 38.9384
WX 1.25 m 25.625 33.6450 -0.27 -15.3944 72.0505 22.5095 72.0505
XY 1.25 m 25.625 33.6450 -0.27 -15.3944 72.0505 22.5095 72.0505

## VERTICA INTERNAL FORCES MAXIMUM

L CHORD LENGTH BAR
ROOF
(DL)
WINDWARDLEEWARD
(Lr) 1.2DL
+ 0.8W
+ 1.6W + 0.5Lr
MEMBER FORCE
Bv 0.2500 m 2.1875 0 0 0 2.625 2.625 2.625
Cu 0.5000 m 4.555 3.125 -2.3325 0 8.6 3.2965 8.6
Dt 0.75 m 6.9225 6.25 -4.6651 0 14.5749 3.9678 14.5749
Es 1.0000 m -12.2935 -18.989 12.2628 -0.2059 -35.4891 -4.9557 -35.4891
Fr 1.2500 m -5.6093 -10.1912 6.0782 -0.1647 -18.3063 -2.3652 -18.3063
Gq 1.50 m -0.364 -3.2843 1.1776 -0.1376 -4.8597 -0.415 -4.8597
Hp 1.7500 m 4.0591 2.542 -2.9893 -0.1177 6.4525 1.1707 6.4525
Io 2.0000 m -10.3276 -16.347 11.1794 0.5834 -29.1381 -1.7461 -29.1381
Jn 2.25 m -4.7281 -8.9751 5.7905 0.5186 -14.9866 -0.0667 -14.9866
Km 2.5000 m 0.2249 -2.4526 1.0129 0.4668 -2.4705 1.4111 -2.4705
Ll 2.7500 m 4.7079 3.4522 -3.3202 0.4243 8.8563 2.7421 8.8563
Mk 3.0000 m -3.90767 -7.6967 2.6881 -1.7832 -16.28 -7.0897 -16.28
Nj 2.7500 m 4.7079 3.4522 -0.6679 2.1778 12.3809 9.7914 12.3809
Oi 2.5000 m 0.2249 -2.4526 -0.7347 -0.6699 -4.778 -3.2038 -4.778
Ph 2.2500 m -4.7281 -8.9751 -0.8164 -3.8097 -23.7348 -17.563 -23.7348
Qg 2.0000 m -10.3276 -16.347 -0.9184 -7.3514 -45.1642 -33.7983 -45.1642
Rf 1.7500 m 4.0591 2.542 0.1641 1.953 10.632 9.5298 10.632
Se 1.5000 m -0.364 -3.2843 0.1914 -0.7866 -6.1678 -3.0313 -6.1678
Td 1.2500 m -5.6093 -10.1912 0.2297 -4.0094 -26.0608 -17.8743 -26.0608
Uc 1.0000 m -12.2935 -18.989 0.2871 -8.0771 -51.3666 -36.7107 -51.3666
Vb 0.7500 m 6.9225 6.25 -0.0516 3.0402 20.6979 16.2138 20.6979
Wa 0.5000 m 4.555 3.125 -0.0774 1.4949 11.6 9.2965 11.6
XZ 0.2500 m 2.1875 0 0 0 2.625 2.625 2.625

## DIAGON INTERNAL FORCES MAXIMUM

AL LENGTH BAR
ROOF
(DL)
WINDWARDLEEWARD
(Lr) 1.2DL
+ 0.8W
+ 1.6W + 0.5Lr
CHORD FORCE
Bv 1.2748 m -12.0719 -15.9344 11.8937 0 -30.4664 -3.4236 -30.4664
Ct 1.3463 m -12.7494 -16.8286 12.5611 0 -32.1762 -3.6158 -32.1762
Ds 1.4577 m -13.8048 -18.2217 13.601 0 -34.8397 -3.915 -34.8397
Er 1.6008 m 12.481 16.3139 -9.7298 0.2637 33.5066 7.9884 33.5066
Fq 1.7678 m 3.6084 4.6447 -1.6653 0.1941 10.5846 4.2985 10.5846
Gp 1.9526 m -2.4362 -3.3089 3.8912 0.1532 -4.9822 1.8932 -4.9822
Ho 2.1506 m -7.1011 -9.454 8.2307 0.1265 -16.962 0.1232 -16.962
In 2.3585 m 8.1552 10.5893 -6.8285 -0.6116 20.777 3.1767 20.777
Jm 2.5739 m 2.2451 2.8057 -1.1587 -0.534 5.8291 1.3887 5.8291
Kl 2.7951 m -2.8179 -3.8597 3.7121 -0.4744 -6.9668 -0.131 -6.9668
Lk 3.0208 m -7.3056 -9.7693 8.0405 -0.4273 -18.307 -1.4703 -18.307
Nk 3.0208 m -7.3056 -9.7693 0.6735 5.2795 -19.6352 -4.1266 -19.6352
Oj 2.7951 m -2.8179 -3.8597 0.7468 2.4348 -7.0117 -0.2208 -7.0117
Pi 2.5739 m 2.2451 2.8057 0.8405 -0.7663 7.2426 4.2157 7.2426
Qh 2.3585 m 8.1552 10.5893 0.9627 -4.4926 23.9052 9.4331 23.9052
Rg 2.1506 m -7.1011 -9.454 -0.1764 5.3966 -19.4716 -4.896 -19.4716
Sf 1.9526 m -2.4362 -3.3089 -0.2136 2.5426 -6.3545 -0.8515 -6.3545
Te 1.7678 m 3.6084 4.6447 -0.28 -1.1124 10.6477 4.4246 10.6477
Ud 1.6008 m 12.481 16.3139 -0.3677 -6.4181 35.6508 12.2769 35.6508
Vc 1.4577 m -13.8048 -18.2217 0.0752 8.9004 -38.54 -11.3157 -38.54
Wb 1.3463 m -12.7494 -16.8286 0.1389 8.186 -35.5651 -10.3937 -35.5651
Xa 1.2748 m -12.0719 -15.9344 0.3946 7.6224 -33.5677 -9.6263 -33.5677
TRUSS INVESTIGATION Solving for available nominal

## compressive strength, Pn:

LOAD DESIGN OF TOP CHORD ME
NATURE The nominal Compressive strength, Pn ,
DESIGN
shall be determined based on the limit
T DESIGN DATA: state of flexural buckling.
T
Maximum Actual Compressive
T Pn = Fcr Ag

T Pact = 74.2 kN
C Solving for Flexural buckling Stress, Fcr

## C Length of the Most Stressed Member, L

T L = 1.2748 m The flexural buckling stress, Fcr , is
T determined as follows:
T Recommended Design Coefficient, k

T K = 0.65
T -74.2394
T Assuming Rotation-Fixed and
Translation-Fixed)
T Fundamentals of Structural
T Steel Design, Gillesania
T
T Material Properties;
T
Minimum Yeild
T 248 MPa
Strength, Fy
Minimum Tensile
T 400 MPa
Strength, Fu
T Modulus of Elasticy ###
T
T Trial Section:
###
L50x50x5
###

NATURE
DESIGN
C
C
T
C
C
T
T
C
C
T
C
C
72.0505

NATURE
DESIGN
T
T
C
C
C
T
C
C
C
T
T
-51.3666

NATURE
DESIGN
C
C
C
T
T
C
T
T
C
C

-38.54
DESIGN OF BOTTOM
ving for available nominal KL/r CHORD MEMBERS
ompressive strength, Pn: 0.65(1.2748*1000)/15.11
### DESIGN DATA:
inal Compressive strength, Pn ,
determined based on the limit
tate of flexural buckling. 4.71√(E/Fy) Maximum Actual Tensile Load;
Sec. 503 4.71√(200000MPa/248MPa)
4.71√(E/Fy) = 133.7550 Pact = 72.0505 kN
Formula 505.3-1 Since:
KL/r < 4.71√(E/Fy) Material Properties;
or Flexural buckling Stress, Fcr
Formula 505.3-2 applies.

## exural buckling stress, Fcr , is Minimum Yeild

Strength, Fy
Minimum Tensile
determined as follows: Strength, Fu
Modulus of Elasticy

Fe = 〖 200000� 〗 ^2/
〖 (55.16787) 〗 ^2
Trial Section:
### L50x50x5

## The design tensile strength, ФtPn, shall

be the lower value obtained according to
the limit states of tensile yielding in the
### gross section and tensile ruoture in the
net section.
Pn = FcrAg
Pn = [(211.7243)(480)]/1000
Pn = 101.63 kN 1. For tensile yielding in the gross section

Pu = ФPn Pn = Fy Ag
Pu = 0.9(101.6277kN) Ф = 0.90
###
Therefore: 2. For tensile Rupture in the net section:
### > ###
The trial section is adequate. Pn = Fu Ae
Use L50x50x5
for top chord members Ф = 0.75
DESIGN OF VERTICAL CHOR
OF BOTTOM
MEMBERS * Tensile Yielding:
DESIGN DATA:
Pn = Fy Ag
Maximum Actual Compressive
m Actual Tensile Load; Pn = 119.04 kN
Pact = 51.367 kN
ФPn = 0.9Pn
ФPn = 107.14 kN Length of the Most Stressed Member, L
erial Properties; L = 1.0000 m
*Tensile Rupture

A36
Recommended Design Coefficient, k
248 MPa Pn=FuAe K = 0.65
400 MPa
### For welded connections, the
Assuming Rotation-Fixed and
reduced area Ae is defined as
Translation-Fixed)
the effective area (rather than
Fundamentals of Structural
the effective net area, and it is
Steel Design, Gillesania
given by:
###
Ae=AgU Material Properties;
ign tensile strength, ФtPn, shall where:
wer value obtained according to U = 1.00 le 504.3.1 Grade of Steel A36
states of tensile yielding in the Minimum Yeild
ction and tensile ruoture in the 248 MPa
Strength,
Minimum FyTensile
net section. Therefore, Ag = Ae 400 MPa
Strength, Fu
Modulus of Elasticy ###
Pn = (400)(480)
sile yielding in the gross section: Pn = 192.00 kN Trial Section:
###
L40x40x5
n. 504.2-1 ФPn = 0.75Pn ###
ФPn = 144.00 kN

## sile Rupture in the net section: Therefore;

### > ###
Pn = Fu Ae The trial section is adequate.
Use L50x50x5d members
Solving for available nominal KL/r
compressive strength, Pn: 0.65(1m*1000)/11.97
###

## The nominal Compressive strength, Pn ,

4.71√(E/Fy)
shall be determined based on the limit
state of flexural buckling. 4.71√(200000MPa/248MPa)
Sec. 503 4.71√(E/Fy) = 133.7550
Since:
Stressed Member, L Pn = Fcr Ag Formula 505.3-1 ### < 4.71√(E/Fy)

## Formula 505.3-2 applies.

gn Coefficient, k
Solving for Flexural buckling Stress, Fcr

## Fe = 〖 200000� 〗 ^2/ 〖 ((0.65)

The flexural buckling stress, Fcr , is
(2∗1000)/11.97) 〗 ^2

determined as follows:
###

## Fcr = 212.3776 MPa

Pn = FcrAg
Pn = (212.3776Mpa)(379mm2)
Pn = 80.49 kN

Pu = ФPn
Pu = 0.9(80.4911kN)
###
Therefore:
### > ###
Use L40x40x5
for vertical chord member.
DESIGN OF DIAGONAL CHO Solving for available nominal

DESIGN DATA:

## The nominal Compressive strength, Pn ,

Maximum Actual Compressive
shall be determined based on the limit
state of flexural buckling.

L = 2.5739 m

## Recommended Design Coefficient, k

K = 0.65 Solving for Flexural buckling Stress, Fcr

## 00000� 〗 ^2/ 〖 ((0.65) The flexural buckling stress, Fcr , is

1000)/11.97) 〗 ^2 Assuming Rotation-Fixed and
Translation-Fixed)
Fundamentals of Structural determined as follows:
Steel Design, Gillesania

Material Properties;

Minimum Yeild
248 MPa
Strength,
Minimum FyTensile
400 MPa
Strength, Fu
2.3776Mpa)(379mm2) Modulus of Elasticy ###

Trial Section:
###
L50x50x5
80.4911kN) ###

## tical chord member.

KL/r DESIGN SUMMARY
0.65(2.5739m*1000)/15.11 Part of Truss Used Weight
KL/r = 110.7237 Top Chord L50x50x5 ###
Bottom Chord
L50x50x5 ###
4.71√(E/Fy) Vertical Member
L40x40x5 ###
4.71√(200000MPa/248MPa) Diagonal Member
L50x50x5 ###
4.71√(E/Fy) = 133.7550
Since:
### < 4.71√(E/Fy)

ng Stress, Fcr

## Fe = 〖 200000� 〗 ^2/ 〖 ((0.65)

(2∗1000)/11.97) 〗 ^2

###

## Fcr = 130.1567 MPa

Pn = FcrAg
Pn = (130.1567Mpa)(480mm2)
Pn = 62.48 kN

Pu = ФPn
Pu = 0.9(62.4752kN)
###
Therefore:
### > ###
Use L50x50x5
for diagonal chord member.
DESIGN FOR WELDED CONNECTIONS For Shear Strength of weld:

## DESIGN DATA: Rn = 0.707(w)Fnxx

Rn = 0.707 x w x 0.60Fu
FOR TOP CHORD Rn = 0.707 x 3 x 0.60(415)
L50x50x5 Rn = 0.528 kN
Thickness: 5.00 mm
Pact(max)= 74.2394 N For the design strength:
Y1 14.04 m
ф = 0.75 Therefore:
Electrode: фRn = 0.75Rn ###

## фRn = 0.75(0.528) ###

E70XX
Fy 485 MPa фRn = 0.40 kN
Fu 415 MPa Note:
For shear at base metal: Because of the equation above
Gusset
Plate: Weld shear strength control
Thickness 5.00 mm ф = 1.00 Solve for length total of w
Rs = 0.60(Fy)(t) LT =
Rs = 0.60(485)(5) 𝑃�/█(ф𝑅�@)
Rs = 1.46 kN ###
фRs = 1.46 kN
From equation:
For Shear Rupture strength: L1 + L2 = LT → eq. 1
L1y1 = L2y2 → eq. 2
Therefore; ф = 0.75 By solving simultaneously:
t = 5mm, min of 3mm Rsr = 0.45Fut
Rsr = 0.45(415)(5) L1 + (�1(13.08))/
((50−13.08)) = LT
From: L50x50x5 Rsr = 0.95 kN
фRsr = 0.72 kN ###
t = 5 mm -1.6
t = 3.40 mm (Max. size of weld) L2 = LT - L1
L2 = 187.4732 - 121.05
Use 3.00 mm size of weld ###
FOR BOTTOM CHORD
L50x50x5 For Shear Strength of weld
Thickness: 5.00 mm
Pact(max)= 72.0505 N Rn = 0.707(w)Fnxx
Y1 14.04 m Rn = 0.707 x w x 0.60Fu
Rn = 0.707 x 3 x 0.60(415)
Electrode: Rn = 0.528 kN
E70XX
Fy 485 MPa For the design strength:
Therefore: Fu 415 MPa
< ### Safe ф = 0.75

фRn = 0.75Rn
< ### Safe
Grade of Steel A36 фRn = 0.75(0.528)
Thickness 4.00 mm фRn = 0.40 kN
Because of the equation above, therefore

## Solve for length total of weld, LT: ###

ф = 1.00
LT =
𝑃�/█(ф𝑅�@) Rs = 0.60(Fy)(t)
Rs = 0.60(485)(4)
Therefore; Rs = 1.16 kN
From equation: t = 5mm, min of 3mm фRs = 1.16 kN
L1 + L2 = LT → eq. 1
L1y1 = L2y2 → eq. 2 From: L50x50x5 For Shear Rupture strength
By solving simultaneously:
t = 4 mm -1.6 ф = 0.75
L1 + (�1(13.08))/ t = 3.40 mm (Max. size of weld) Rsr = 0.45Fut
((50−13.08)) = LT
Rsr = 0.45(415)(4)
### Use 3.00 mm size of weld Rsr = 0.76 kN
фRsr = 0.57 kN
L2 = LT - L1
L2 = 187.4732 - 121.05
###
FOR VERTICAL CHORD
For Shear Strength of weld: L40x40x5
Thickness:
Rn = 0.707(w)Fnxx Pact(max)=
Rn = 0.707 x w x 0.60Fu Y1
Rn = 0.707 x 3 x 0.60(415)
Rn = 0.528 kN Electrode:
E70XX
For the design strength: Therefore: Fy
### < ### Safe Fu
### < ### Safe

## фRn = 0.75Rn Gusset

Plate:
фRn = 0.75(0.528) Note: Grade of Steel
фRn = 0.40 kN Because of the equation above, therefore Thickness
Weld shear strength controls.

## For shear at base metal:

Solve for length total of weld, LT:
### LT =
𝑃�/█(ф𝑅�@)
Rs = 0.60(Fy)(t) ###
Rs = 0.60(485)(4)
Rs = 1.16 kN From equation:
фRs = 1.16 kN L1 + L2 = LT → eq. 1 Therefore;
L1y1 = L2y2 → eq. 2 t = 5 mm, min of 3mm
For Shear Rupture strength:
By solving simultaneously: From: L40x40x5
ф = 0.75 L1 + (�1(14.04))/
t=5
Rsr = 0.45Fut ((50−14.04)) = LT mm -1.6
Rsr = 0.45(415)(4) ###
Rsr = 0.76 kN ### ###
фRsr = 0.57 kN Use 3.00 mm size of weld
L2 = LT - L1
L2 = 181.9457 - 119.49
### ≈ 50 mm
RTICAL CHORD
For Shear Strength of weld:
5.00 mm
51.3666 N Rn = 0.707(w)Fnxx
11.62 m Rn = 0.707 x w x 0.60Fu
Rn = 0.707 x 3 x 0.60(415)
Rn = 0.528 kN
E70XX
485 MPa For the design strength: Therefore:
415 MPa ### < ###
ф = 0.75 ### < ###

фRn = 0.75Rn

## A36 фRn = 0.75(0.528) Note:

4.00 mm фRn = 0.40 kN Because of the equation above, therefore
Weld shear strength controls.

## For shear at base metal:

Solve for length total of weld, LT:
### LT =
ф = 1.00 𝑃�/█(ф𝑅�@)
Rs = 0.60(Fy)(t) LT = 129.71 mm
Rs = 0.60(485)(4)
Rs = 1.16 kN From equation:
фRs = 1.16 kN L1 + L2 = LT → eq. 1
t = 5 mm, min of 3mm L1y1 = L2y2 → eq. 2
For Shear Rupture strength:
L40x40x5 By solving simultaneously:
ф = 0.75
L1 + (�1(9.56))/
Rsr = 0.45Fut ((30−9.56)) = LT
(Max. size of weld) Rsr = 0.45(415)(4)
Rsr = 0.76 kN ### ≈ 75 mm
e 3.00 mm size of weld фRsr = 0.57 kN
L2 = LT - L1
L2 = 129.7136 - 72.99
### ≈ 35 mm
FOR DIAGONAL CHORD
L50x50x5 For Shear Strength of weld:
Thickness: 5.00 mm
Pact(max)= 38.5400 N Rn = 0.707(w)Fnxx
Y1 14.04 m Rn = 0.707 x w x 0.60Fu
Rn = 0.707 x 3 x 0.60(415)
Electrode: ###
E70XX
Fy 485 MPa For the design strength:
Safe Fu 415 MPa
Safe ф = 0.75
Gusset фRn = 0.75Rn
Plate:
Grade of Steel A36 фRn = 0.75(0.528)
ation above, therefore Thickness 4.00 mm фRn = 0.40 kN
gth controls.

## For shear at base metal:

total of weld, LT:
###
ф = 1.00
Rs = 0.60(Fy)(t)
Rs = 0.60(485)(4)
Therefore; Rs = 1.16 kN
t = 5mm, min of 3mm фRs = 1.16 kN

## From: L50x50x5 For Shear Rupture strength:

t=5
mm ф = 0.75
-1.6 (Max. size of weld)
### Rsr = 0.45Fut
Rsr = 0.45(415)(4)
Use 3.00 mm size of weld Rsr = 0.76 kN
фRsr = 0.57 kN
Design Summary of Welded Connection:
th of weld:
Member L1
Top Chord 125 mm
Bottom Chord 120 mm
Diagonal Chord 75 mm
Vertical Chord 85 mm
Therefore:
### < ### Safe
Saf
### < ### Member Gusset plate
e
Top Chord 5 mm

## Note: Bottom Chord 4 mm

Because of the equation above, therefore Diagonal Chord 4 mm
Weld shear strength controls. Vertical Chord 4 mm

## Solve for length total of weld, LT:

LT =
𝑃�/█(ф𝑅�@)
###

From equation:
L1 + L2 = LT → eq. 1
L1y1 = L2y2 → eq. 2
e strength:
By solving simultaneously:

L1 + (�1(11.62))/
((40−11.62)) = LT

### ≈ 85 mm

L2 = LT - L1
L2 = 97.3232 - 80.32
### ≈ 35 mm
d Connection:

L2
145 mm
50 mm
35 mm
35 mm

Weld size
3 mm

3 mm
3 mm
3 mm
Designation Weight(W) Area(A) Depth(d)
Web Thickness(tw) Flange x Ix Sx
kg/m mm2 mm m bf t mm x10^3 mm^4x10^3 mm^3
C3 x 4.1 6.14 781 76.2 4.3 35.8 6.9 11.07 691 18.14
C3 X 5 7.46 948 76.2 6.6 38 6.9 11.13 770 20.21
C3 X 6 8.93 1135 76.2 9 40.5 6.9 11.56 862 22.62
C4 X 5.4 8.07 1,026 101.6 4.7 40.2 7.5 11.61 1,602 31.54
C4 X 7.25 10.81 1,307 101.6 8.2 43.7 7.5 11.66 1,911 37.62
C5 X 6.7 10 1,207 127 4.8 44.5 8.1 12.29 3,118 49.1
C5 X 9 13.4 1,703 127 8.3 47.9 8.1 12.14 3,704 58.33
C6 X 8.2 12.18 1,548 152.4 5.1 48.8 8.7 12.98 5,453 71.56
C6 X 10.5 15.68 1,994 152.4 8 51.7 8.7 12.67 6,327 83.03

W16x57 85.26 10,839 417.3 10.9 180.8 18.2 47.24 315.503 1,512
W16x50 74.6 9,484 413 9.7 179.6 16 46,74 274,297 1,328
W16x45 67.5 8,581 409.7 8.8 178.7 14.4 46.48 243,912 1.191
W16x40 59.88 7.613 406.7 7.7 177.7 12.8 46.23 215,608 1,060
W16x36 53.79 6.839 402.8 7.5 177.4 10.9 45.47 186,472 926
W 16x31 46.28 5,884 403.4 7 140.3 11.2 35.31 156,087 774
W16x26 38.98 4,955 398.5 6.4 139.7 8.8 34.54 125,286 629
W14x730 1,091.06 138,709 569.5 78 454.4 124.7 126.75 ### 20,903
W14x665 994.64 126,451 549.7 71.9 448.3 114.8 124.97 5,161,270 18,778
W14x605 903.3 114,838 531.4 65.9 442.3 105.7 123.19 4,495,299 16,919
W14x550 822.11 104.516 514.1 60.5 436.9 97 121.67 3,925,062 15,270
W14x500 745.99 94.839 497.8 55.6 432.1 88.9 120.14 3,417,260 13,729
w 14x455 680.01 86451 483.1 51.2 427.6 81.5 118.87 2,992,704 12390
W 14x426 634.34 80,645 474.2 47.6 424.1 77.1 117.86 2,747,127 11,586
W14x398 593.74 75,484 464.6 45 421.4 72.3 117.09 2,497,389 10751
W14x370 553.14 70,322 455.2 42 418.5 67.6 116.08 2,264,299 9,949
W14x342 512.55 65,161 445.5 39.1 415.5 62.7 115.32 2,039,534 9,156
W14x311 463.83 58,968 434.8 35.8 412.2 57.4 114.3 1,802,282 8,290
W14x283 422.73 53,742 425.2 32.8 409.2 52.6 113.28 1,598,329 7,518
W14x257 383.65 48,774 416.1 29.8 406.3 48 112.52 1,415,187 6,802
W14x233 347.61 44,193 407.4 27.2 403.6 43.7 111.76 1,252,857 6,151
W14x211 314.63 40,000 399.3 24.9 401.3 39.6 111 1,107,176 5546
W14x193 288.24 36,645 393.2 22.6 399 36.6 110.49 998,955 5081
W14x176 262.87 33419 386.6 21.1 397.5 33.3 109.73 890,735 4,608
W14x159 236.99 30,129 380.5 18.9 395.4 30.2 109.22 790,840 4,157
W14x145 216.69 27,548 375.4 17.3 393.7 27.7 108.71 711,756 3,792
W14x132 196.9 25,032 372.4 16.4 374 26.2 102.87 636,834 3.42
W14x120 179.14 22,774 367.8 15 372.6 23.9 102.62 514,399 3,123
W14x109 162.39 20,645 363.7 13.3 371 21.8 102.11 516,127 2,838

## PROPERTIES OF EQUAL ANGLE SECTIONS Axis -X

Designation Weight Area Depth Width Thickness Radius lx
2L20x20x3 L20x20x3 0.88 112 20 20 3 1.75 3.5 3.92
2L25x25x3 L25x25x3 1.12 142 25 25 3 1.75 3.5 8.03
2L30x30x3 L30x30x3 1.36 174 30 30 3 2.6 5 14.05
2L30x30x5 L30x30x5 2.18 278 30 30 5 2.5 5 21.64
2L30x30x6 L30x30x6 2.56 327 30 30 6 2.5 5 24.94
2L40x40x3 L40x40x3 1.84 235 40 40 3 3 6 34.46
2L40x40x5 L40x40x5 2.97 379 40 40 5 3 6 54.27
2L40x40x6 L40x40x6 3.52 448 40 40 6 3 6 63.14
2L50x50x3 L50x50x3 2.33 296 50 50 3 3.5 7 66.61
2L50x50x5 L50x50x5 3.77 480 50 50 5 3.5 7 109.64
2L50x50x6 L50x50x6 4.47 569 50 50 6 3.5 7 128.41
2L50x50x8 L50x50x8 5.82 741 50 50 8 3.5 7 162.83
2L50x50x10 L50x50x10 7.11 905 50 50 10 3.5 7 193.6
2L65x65x5 L65x65x5 4.97 634 65 65 5 4.5 9 247.44
2L65x65x6 L65x65x6 5.91 753 65 65 6 4.5 9 291.87
2L65x65x8 L65x65x8 7.73 985 65 65 8 4.5 9 374.89
2L65x65x10 L65x65x10 9.49 1,209 65 65 10 4.5 9 450.83
2L65x65x12 L65x65x12 11.18 1,425 65 65 12 4.5 9 520.45
L75X75X5 5.78 736 75 75 5 5 10 385.13
L75X75X6 6.87 875 75 75 6 5 10 455.71
L75X75X8 9 1147 75 75 8 5 10 588.74
L75X75X10 11.07 1411 75 75 10 5 10 711.75
L75X75X12 13.08 1667 75 75 12 5 10 825.67
L90X90X6 8.3 1057 90 90 6 5.5 11 803.15
L90X90X8 10.9 1389 90 90 8 5.5 11 1043.82
L90X90X10 13.45 1713 90 90 10 5.5 11 1269.15
L90X90X12 15.93 2029 90 90 12 5.5 11 1480.28
L100X100X6 9.26 1179 100 100 6 6 12 1110.54
L100X100X8 12.18 1551 100 100 8 6 12 1448.42
L100X100X10 15.04 1915 100 100 8 6 12 1766.76
L100X100X12 17.83 2271 100 100 12 6 12 2066.88
L100X100X14 20.56 2619 100 100 14 6 12 2350.03
L100X100X16 23.23 2959 100 100 16 6 12 2617.41
L100X100X18 25.84 3291 100 100 18 6 12 2870.2
L125X125X5 15.34 1954 125 125 8 6.5 13 2901.23

## 0.88 112 20 20 3 1.75 3.5 3.92

1.12 142 25 25 3 1.75 3.5 8.03
1.36 174 30 30 3 2.6 5 14.05
2.18 278 30 30 5 2.5 5 21.64
2.56 327 30 30 6 2.5 5 24.94
1.84 235 40 40 3 3 6 34.46
2.97 379 40 40 5 3 6 54.27
3.52 448 40 40 6 3 6 63.14
2.33 296 50 50 3 3.5 7 66.61
3.77 480 50 50 5 3.5 7 109.64
4.47 569 50 50 6 3.5 7 128.41
5.82 741 50 50 8 3.5 7 162.83
7.11 905 50 50 10 3.5 7 193.6
4.97 634 65 65 5 4.5 9 247.44
5.91 753 65 65 6 4.5 9 291.87
7.73 985 65 65 8 4.5 9 374.89
9.49 1,209 65 65 10 4.5 9 450.83
11.18 1,425 65 65 12 4.5 9 520.45
rx Iy Sy ry
mm x10^3 mm^4x10^3 mm^3 mm
29.74 83 3.36 10.31
28.5 104 3.87 10.47
27.56 125 4.32 10.49
39.51 133 4.65 11.39
37.29 179 5.59 11.41
49.53 200 6.21 12.54
46.64 262 7.33 12.4
59.35 287 8.01 13.62
56.33 362 9.27 13.47

## 170.61 17,940 198 40.68

170.06 15,484 172 40.41
168.6 13.652 153 39.89
168.29 12,029 135 39.75
165.12 10,198 115 38.62
16287 5.161 74 29.62
159.01 3.992 57 28.38
207.15 ### 8,647 119.01
202.03 1,735,685 7,743 117.16
197.85 1,531,732 6,926 115.49
193.79 1,352,752 6,193 113.77
189.82 1,198.75 5,548 112.43
186.06 1,065.55 4,984 111.02
184.57 982,306 4,632 110.37
181.89 903,222 4,287 109.39
179.44 828,301 3,958 108.53
176.92 753,379 3,626 107.53
174.82 670,133 3,251 106.6
172.46 599,373 2,929 105.61
170.34 536.939 2,643 104.92
168.37 478,666 2,372 104.07
166.37 428,718 2,137 103.53
165.11 387,511 1,942 102.83
163.26 348,802 1,755 102.16
162.01 311,341 1,575 101.65
160.74 281,789 1,431 101.14
159.5 228,095 1,220 95.46
158.81 206,035 1,106 95.12
158.11 186,055 1.003 94.93

Axis -X Axis -Y
Sx rx y ly Sy ry x
0.28 5.9 5.98 392 0.28 5.9 5.98
0.45 7.51 7.23 8.03 0.45 7.51 7.23
0.65 8.99 8.35 14.05 0.65 8.99 8.35
1.04 8.83 9.18 21.64 1.04 8.83 9.18
1.22 8.74 9.56 24.94 1.22 8.74 9.56
1.18 12.11 10.73 34.46 1.18 12.11 10.73
1.91 11.97 11.62 54.27 1.91 11.97 11.62
2.26 11.87 12.02 63.14 2.26 11.87 12.02
1.86 15.22 13.08 68.61 1.86 15.22 13.08
3.05 15.11 14.04 109.64 3 15.11 14.04
3.61 15.02 14.45 128.41 3.61 15.02 14.45
4.68 14.82 15.24 162.83 4.68 14.82 15.24
5.69 14.62 15.98 193.6 5.69 14.62 15.98
5.22 19.11 17.58 247.44 5.22 19.76 17.58
6.21 19.31 18.04 291.87 6.21 19.69 18:04
8.13 19.51 18.88 374.89 8.13 19.51 18.88
9.94 19.69 19.66 450.83 9.94 19.31 19.66
11.67 19.76 20.41 520.45 11.67 19.11 20.41
7 22.88 19.95 385.13 7 22.88 19.95
8.35 22.62 20.43 455.71 8.35 22.82 20.43
10.96 22.66 21.3 588.74 10.96 22.66 21.3
13.46 22.46 22.11 711.75 13.45 22.46 22.11
15.84 22.26 22.88 825.67 15.84 22.26 22.88
12.18 27.57 24.05 803.15 12.18 27.57 24.05
16.05 27.41 24.96 1043.82 16.05 27.41 24.96
19.77 27.22 25.8 1269.15 19.77 27.22 25.8
23.34 27.01 26.59 1480.28 23.34 27.01 26.59
15.09 30.96 26.42 1110.54 15.09 30.69 26.42
19.94 30.55 27.37 1448.42 19.94 30.55 27.37
24.62 30.37 28.22 1766.76 24.62 30.37 28.22
29.12 30.17 29.03 2866.88 29.12 30.17 29.03
33.48 29.95 29.81 2350.03 33.48 29.95 29.81
37.7 29.74 30.56 2617.41 37.7 29.74 30.56
41.78 29.53 31.3 2870.2 41.78 29.53 31.3
31.71 38.53 33.5 2901.23 31.71 38.53 33.5

## 0.28 5.9 5.98 392 0.28 5.9 5.98

0.45 7.51 7.23 8.03 0.45 7.51 7.23
0.65 8.99 8.35 14.05 0.65 8.99 8.35
1.04 8.83 9.18 21.64 1.04 8.83 9.18
1.22 8.74 9.56 24.94 1.22 8.74 9.56
1.18 12.11 10.73 34.46 1.18 12.11 10.73
1.91 11.97 11.62 54.27 1.91 11.97 11.62
2.26 11.87 12.02 63.14 2.26 11.87 12.02
1.86 15.22 13.08 68.61 1.86 15.22 13.08
3.05 15.11 14.04 109.64 3 15.11 14.04
3.61 15.02 14.45 128.41 3.61 15.02 14.45
4.68 14.82 15.24 162.83 4.68 14.82 15.24
5.69 14.62 15.98 193.6 5.69 14.62 15.98
5.22 19.11 17.58 247.44 5.22 19.76 17.58
6.21 19.31 18.04 291.87 6.21 19.69 18:04
8.13 19.51 18.88 374.89 8.13 19.51 18.88
9.94 19.69 19.66 450.83 9.94 19.31 19.66
11.67 19.76 20.41 520.45 11.67 19.11 20.41