Sei sulla pagina 1di 7

c

c
c
cc
cc c
 
c   c
c c cccc c  c
c c  c


c c
c
 c
c c
c
c c c c c cc
cc c c  c c
 c c
 c c
 c c  c c
c

c c  
c   c 
c c
 c
c  c c
c cc
c c c   c
c
cc  c c
cc cspinal
(dorsal rootganglionc  c
c c 
c cdorsal rootc
c c c  c
c c
c c
cgray matterc c  
c c c c
c
cc
 c
c
  cc c c  c
 c c

c
c
c
c c
 c
c c
c 
c cventral rootc cwhite
matterc
 c c c  c c
 c cc  c c  c c   c cc
c

 c
c cc
c c c c c cmeningescc  c  c
 c
c
 c c
cdura matercc c
c
  c c  c c  cc carachnoidc cccc  ccc

  c c  
 cc  c c c c c c csubarachnoid spacec c

 c  
c cc
c c c c c  c  csubdural spacec c  
c
 cc
 c
c cc
c c c
cc
 c
c
 
c cpia mater cc c
c c c  c  c
c c  c
c c c cc
c c

cc

 c c c
 c
c c c c
c
c
 c!"c c
c cc
c c
c c c

c
c
  c
c
cspinal nervesc
c c
 c
c
c c

c cc
c
 c cc c cc c
 c   c c

c
c c  c
cc c c c  c c#c   c$"%$#c"&c

  c "% "&c'c c("%('c'c c"%'c c"c
c c) c$"c c c c
c c c"   c  c c$#c c c c* c   c c" c 
  c  cc c

 c c
c c  c  c
c
 c  cc c c
c c c c c c
c
 c c c
 c c  c c  c

c c 
c
  c
c c
c c c
 c
c c
 c c
  c
 c c c

c c  c ccauda +c c


c  c  c
cc 
c
c
cdermatomesc c
  c
c 
 
c c  cc c
c  cc c
cc
c c  
cc
cc, c"!"" ccccc 
c c
c
c  c

  ccc c cc c
c c  cc  c
c 
c
c c
c
c
c c

cGeferred paincc  cc c


c c
cc  c
c  c c
c
cc cc

cc c
cc  
c c cc

c c    c  cc c


  c    c ccc
c c
  c c
c c  
c
ccc c cc
 c     cc
cc c c c
c
  ccc c  cc     cc
c c c  c c c c c
-  cc
 c -c
c
 ccc cccc c cc cc

  cc
, c".#c
c
Spinal nervesc/
c
  cccc, c"!'ccplexusccc 
 
c
c c
 c
cc
 
cc c- -c
peripheral nervesc  c c
 c
  cc  c
 c
c

 cc ccc 
 c  0c c c ccervical plexusc cbrachial
plexusc clumbar plexusc c csacral plexusc1 ccc c
cc
 
c
c cc
cperipheral nervesc c c cc
c c
c
c 0c
Cervical Plexuscc, c"!*c c"!!c%c  phrenic nervec c 
c c 
c
c  c c
 c
Brachial Plexuscc, c"!#c c"!.c%c
uc ˜xillary nervec%c  c c 
 c c c
  c
c c c
  
c c
c c
 c c
uc  
 
c c%c  c  
cc
c c c c
c
c
uc Gadial nervec%c  c
c c
c c c c 
c
c c
c  c c c
  
c
c c
uc edian nervec%c  c c c
c  c c c
c  c c c
uc -lnar nervec%c  c c c c  c c c
c
¢umbar Plexuscc, c"!2c c"!'c
uc genitofemoralc%c
c cexternalc c
uc obturator %c
c c 
c c
uc femoralc%c  c cc c c
c c c  c c+  c
Sacral Plexus c, c"!"3c c"!4c
uc gluteal nerves (superior and inferior)c%c 
c  c c c c cc 
c
  c c cc
uc sciatic nervec%c c
5c  c c
 c
c 
c/
c  c ctibial  c


cperonealc
  c c  c
 cc
cc  c c
c
c cc c
c
 
cc c
c  c
c

c c
 c
 c
c c

c c
c
c
Structure of a nerve:
c
c  c cc  c ccc cc  c
c c
 c c ccc
  c

 c c
cc c
 c c c  c cepineuriumc6 cc cc c
  c c
c  c cc c  c
 c
 cc c) c c c c
c
7c
c
 c
cfasciclesc c c  c
  cc cperineuriumc  c  c c c
cc c c
endoneuriumc
c
c
cc cc  c c
 c
cSchwann cellsc  ccc c
 c c

c c)
cc ccc ccc  c c
 c
c c
  c c c c c
c c
 cc  c
c c
ccc
cc cc
c c
c
 cc
cΠ Vc8c c c c c c  cnodes of Ganvierc c
c  ccc

c c  c c c
5 c c
c 
 7c c c
cc c/ c c
c c c
c

  
cc  csaltatory conductionc cc  ccc c  cc  c c c
c  c
c
c
cc c
c c 0c
"c  c
 c 
c
cc  c
c   c c c9c c 
c cc
 c c
c c
c

c c c c c6c c ccmultiple sclerosisc
c
c 
 cc c
 c
c
 c  c cc
c:c  c
  
c c c 
;c
&c cc c
 c
c  c
  
c
!c cc c
 c
c c
 c
c  c
c  c c c c cc

c c c
%
 c
c c
c c  c c c c c  c %

 
c cc
c
c  
cc
c$)c c
cc cc c
c
 
c  c  c c  c c c  c   
c:cc$
c
< ;c
c
<  
c
cc  c c cc, c"!!c  c
c c c,  c c
c cc c
c c c
c 
  c   
c 
c c
c  c
c c
 c
c
c<
  c   
c c c c
c   c
cc   c c
 c c c
c c

 c
c
c
 c   c  c c
c c c
 c cc c c c
 c c cc  c$ c cc cc
c  c
c c 
 c c

cc  c c  c c c
 7c c
c c
 c  c c cc

  c c  c
 c  c
c c
 c c  c c c c  c
c

 c c %  
cc c
c
c

c
c
‘he Spinal ‘racts0cc, c"&!3c
c
c c  c
c cc
c
 c  c c cc c
c c
cc
c c
 c c
c c
c c c
c
 c
c c
c c c
c c

c c
c c c
c


c
c˜scending tractsc 
c c c
 c c c c
cdescending tractsc c


c, c"&!3c
c c
 
c
c c/
c  cc cc
c,
c
 c ccc   cc
 ccc

c
c
c  c
 c
c  ccc cspinoc   c
cc cc
c
 c  ccc c c c c
c c c c c  c c,
cc cspinothalamic
tractc c
c cc
c
c c c  c
ccc cc c
c c c c

c
,
cc ccorticospinal
cc c cc c   c
c c c
c
 c


c
cc c
c:cc  c= ;c