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KNEC Career Guidance Handbook

KNEC Career Guidance Handbook

Second Edition
June 2015

2 Kenya National Examinations Council


Acknowledgement
The Kenya National Examinations Council (KNEC) is a state The development of this career guidance handbook is as a result of
corporation whose national function is to offer examinations as stated a long and intensive consultative process involving the department of
in the fourth schedule of the Constitution of Kenya 2010. KNEC is Test development, Examination Administration, Business and Technical
therefore accountable to the government of Kenya as well as to the and the Public Communications section.
people of Kenya.
I am pleased to therefore acknowledge the efforts of a professional
KNEC has a communication strategy whose main objective is to team that immensely contributed to the contents of this document. Mwai
communicate information related to standards and examinations in Nyaga, Paul Korir, Patrick Ochich, David C Otieno, Gladys Ingolo, Frida
this country. The promulgation of the Constitution of Kenya 2010 Were, Alice Atamba and Dorothy Saina were instrumental in this endevour.
and the enactment of the KNEC Act 2012 and other sectoral Acts
have created an environment where the effectiveness and credibility of The efforts of these professionals were complimented by a special
KNEC as an examination board depends to a considerable degree on secretariat team composed of Caroline Gichuru and Seline Agunda
its ability to communicate. both from the Public Communications section.

The production of a career guidance handbook is therefore a I am pleased to note that the Council has put in place mechanisms to
communication process aimed at providing basic and critical information disseminate this handbook to the target population and it is my hope
on the foundation of career planning and choices. that it will benefit this population.

The 1st edition of the career guidance handbook was produced in


2014. It was distributed to secondary schools in the country. Feedback
received indicate a need for more information to guide school leavers Dr. Joseph Kivilu
on the various courses available in the market for study hence the Chief Executive Officer
production of the 2nd edition. Second Edition
June 2015

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KNEC Career Guidance Handbook
FOREWORD FROM THE CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER

The first Career Guidance Handbook produced by the Kenya National It is true that some jobs are more important than others, yet the truth
Examinations Council (KNEC) in 2014 was a huge success with 6000 copies is that everyone in any given sector plays a part in keeping any business
distributed to secondary schools across the country. The first edition elicited or organization running. What is important is the need to understand the
a lot of good and valuable input from schools and stakeholders in the value of courses and the career options available based on ones qualification.
education sector, who also demanded for more copies. The courses provided in this handbook will help you understand just how
important every qualification is and the fact that attainment of any qualification
Making a choice on what course to study in readiness for a career can be at primary, secondary and tertiary levels does not condemn one to obscurity.
both exciting and challenging. KNEC is therefore presenting this revised
second edition Career Guidance Handbook to school leavers at primary, The courses contained in this Handbook are examined by KNEC but offered
secondary and tertiary levels to make it easier for them, to find relevant in both public and private institutions. The school leavers are therefore
career information based on course selection. encouraged to take an interest in course programmes outlined in the
Handbook.
As an examining body, we are aware that far too often, learners leave school
with very little knowledge about the opportunities that are waiting out there Every attempt has been made to ensure that the information is accurate,
for them. This Guide Handbook provides information to prepare school clear, covering most aspects of courses examined by KNEC as of the revision
leavers for this new experience and help them settle on studying a course date of January 2015
that will lead to a career of choice.
Finally KNEC will appreciate any comments or feedback that would improve
Through this Handbook, learners are provided with information on courses the usefulness of this guide
they may need to study based on their qualifications thus encouraging them
to dream big and become successful citizens of this country. The information
provided in the Handbook will help school leavers understand and hopefully, Dr. Joseph Kivilu
help them to make wise decisions about their career path. Chief Executive Officer

4 Kenya National Examinations Council


KNEC PROFILE
Vision
To be a world class organization in assessment for quality education.

Mission
To objectively assess learning achievements in order to safeguard and enhance globally acceptable
educational certification standards.

Mandate
According to section 10 of the Kenya National Examinations Council Act No. • advice any public institution on the development and use
29 of 2012; KNEC is mandated to: of any system of assessment when requested to do so,
and in accordance with such terms and conditions as shall
• set and maintain examination standards; be mutually agreed between the Council and the public
• conduct public academic, technical and other national examinations institution;
within Kenya at basic and tertiary levels; • promote the international recognition of qualifications
• award certificates or diplomas to candidates in such examinations; conferred by the Council;
• confirm authenticity of certificates or diplomas issued by the Council • advice the Government on any policy decision that is relevant
upon request by the government, public institutions, learning to, or has implications on, the functions of the Council or the
institutions, employers and other interested parties; administration of examinations in Kenya;
• issue replacement certificates or diplomas to candidates in such • do anything incidental or conducive to the performance of any
examinations upon acceptable proof of loss or damage of the original; of the preceding functions.
• undertake research on educational assessment;

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KNEC Career Guidance Handbook

Core Functions
The core functions of the Council are to: • issue replacement certificates and
• develop national examination tests; diplomas;
• register candidates for the KNEC • conduct educational assessment research;
examinations; • carry out equation of certificates and
• conduct examinations and process diplomas issued by other credible
the results; examining boards;
• award certificates and diplomas to • conduct examinations on behalf of foreign
successful candidates; examination boards;

Core Values
In its operations; the Council is guided by the following values:
• respect to rule of law as stipulated in the Constitution; the KNEC Act No. 29 of 2012; Basic
Education Act No. 27 of 2012 and other laws of the land;
• responsiveness to national and sectoral policies;
• strict adherence to examination regulations in the conduct of examinations;
• maintenance of high level of efficiency, integrity and honesty by all Council employees
and contracted professionals involved in the conduct of examinations;
• Conducting examinations that are relevant, fair, valid and reliable;
• responsiveness to public needs in service delivery;

The KNEC Business


The business of KNEC is to administer examinations and issue certificates to
successful candidates, equate certificates issued by other examining bodies, and to
carry out research on educational assessment

6 Kenya National Examinations Council


1.0 CAREER GUIDANCE HANDBOOK ON BUSINESS,
TECHNICAL AND TEACHER EDUCATION COURSES
TYPE   COURSE   LEVEL   ENTRY  QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   CAREER    
1.1 BUSINESS COURSES
BUSINESS  
TYPE COURSES  
COURSE LEVEL ENTRY QUALIFICATIONS Duration CAREER

Business  Education     BES&GC   Certificate   KCPE  OR  Equivalent  qualification   1  year   Copy  Typist;  Salesperson;  
Single  and  Group   Stage  I   approved  by  KNEC   Clerical  Officer  
Certificate   Certificate   Pass  in  BES&GC  Stage  I   1  year     Shorthand  Typist;  Human  
(BES&GC)   Stage  II   Resource  Assistant;  
Secretarial  Assistant;  
Clerical  Officer  
Certificate   Pass  in  BES&GC  Stage  II   1  year   Personal  Secretary;  
TYPE   COURSE   Stage  
LEVEL   III   ENTRY  QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   Executive  
CAREER  Secretary;  
 
Human  Resource  Officer  
Business  Technical   Clerk/Typist     Artisan   KCPE  OR  Equivalent  qualification   2  years     Clerk/Typist  
Education   Certificate   approved  by  KNEC  
Programme  (BTEP)   Salesmanship   Artisan   KCPE  OR  Equivalent  qualification   2  years     Salesperson  
Certificate   approved  by  KNEC  
Storekeeping   Artisan   KCPE  OR  Equivalent  qualification   2  years     Storekeeper;  Warehouse  
Certificate   approved  by  KNEC   Clerk  
Accountancy   Certificate   KCSE  Mean  Grade    D  (Plain)   2  years     Accounts  Clerk;  Accounts  
Assistant;  
Banking  &  Finance   Certificate   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)   2  years     Bank  Clerk/SACCO  Clerk  
 
Co-­‐operative   Certificate   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)   2  years     Cooperatives  Assistant;  
Management     Clerk  
Archives  &  Library     Certificate   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)   2  years     Archives  &  Library  
Assistant  
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KNEC Career Guidance Handbook
TYPE   COURSE   LEVEL   ENTRY  QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   CAREER    
TYPE COURSE LEVEL ENTRY QUALIFICATIONS Duration CAREER

Business  Technical   Information  Studies   Certificate   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)   2  years   Library  Assistant  
Education    
Programme  (BTEP)   Accountancy   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years      Accountant  
   
Banking  &  Finance   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years      Bank  Officer;  Bank  Clerk    
   
Co-­‐operative   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years     Cooperatives  Assistant;  
 
Management     Cooperatives  Officer;  
  SACCO  Assistant  Manager  
Legal  Secretarial   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years     Legal  Secretary;  Personal  
  Studies     Secretary  
Labour  Studies  and   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years     Labour  Relations  Officer;  
  Management     Trade  Union  Officer;  
Human  Resource  Officer  
  Entrepreneurship     Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade    C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years     Entrepreneur;  Business  
Development     Development  Officer  
 
 
  Secretarial   Higher   Diploma  in  Secretarial  Studies  OR   2  years   Office  Manager;  Executive  
Management   Diploma   BES&GCE  Secretarial  Option  Stage     Secretary;  Executive  Office  
    III   Manager  
 
Business  Technical     Business   Higher   Diploma  in  Business  Management   2  years   Manager:  Assistant  
 
Education   Management   Diploma   Manager  
Programme  (BTEP)  

8 Kenya National Examinations Council


TYPE   COURSE   LEVEL   ENTRY  QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   CAREER    
TYPE COURSE LEVEL ENTRY QUALIFICATIONS Duration CAREER
Business  Technical     Human  Resource   Higher   Diploma  in  Human  Resource  Man-­‐ 2  years   Human  Resource  Officer;  
Education  Pro-­‐ Management     Diploma   agement,  Diploma  in  Management,   Assistant  Human  Resource  
gramme  (BTEP)   Diploma  in  Business  Management   Manager;  Human  
(TVET),  Diploma  in  Business   Resource  Manager  
Administration  (BTEP),  Diploma  in  
Secretarial  Studies  (BTEP  &  TVET),  
Diploma  in  Personnel  Management  
(BTEP)  Diploma  in  Labour  Studies  
and  Management  (BTEP),  Diploma  
in  Legal  and  Secretarial  Studies  
(BTEP)  complete  single  and  group  at  
stages  I,  II  or  III  in  Business  Studies  
OR  CPA  (K),  CPS  (K)  OR  Degree  from  
a  recognized  university  and  having  
attained  the  University  entry  
requirement  of  Mean  grade  C+  (Plus  
at  KCSE  OR  Equivalent  qualification  
approved  by  KNEC    
Entrepreneurship   Higher   Diploma  in  Entrepreneurship   2  years   Entrepreneur;  Enterprise  
Development   Diploma   Development   Development  Officer;  
Entrepreneurship  
Development  Trainer  
Tourism   Higher   Diploma  in  Tourism  Management   2  years   Tourism  Officer;  Tour  
Management   Diploma   Operations  
Officer/Manager  
Library  and   Higher   Diploma  in  Library  and  Information   2  years    Librarian  
TYPE   COURSE  
Information   LEVEL    
Diploma ENTRY  
Studies   QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   CAREER    
Management  
Archives  and   Higher   Diploma  in  Archives  and  Records   2  years   Archives  and  Records  
Records   Diploma   Management   Officer/Manager;  
Management  
 
KNEC  EXAMINED  BUSINESS  AND  TECHNICAL  COURSES     “On the frontline in Quality Assessment and Examinations” Page  
9 8  of  39  
KNEC Career Guidance Handbook
TYPE   COURSE   LEVEL   ENTRY  QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   CAREER    
TYPE COURSE LEVEL ENTRY QUALIFICATIONS Duration CAREER

Business  Technical     Clerical  Operations   Certificate   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)   2  years     Office  Clerk;  Registry  Clerk  
and  Vocational    
Education  and   Investment   Certificate   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)   2  years     Assisting  in  Analysing  
Training  (BTVET)     Investment  Data;  
  Maritime  Transport   Certificate   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)   2  years     Container  Depot  Clerk;  
  Logistics     Shipping  Clerk  
  Secretarial  Studies   Certificate   KCSE  Mean  Grade    D  (Plain)   2  years     Copy  Typist;  Shorthand  
    Typist;    
  Sales  and   Certificate   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)   2  years     Salesperson;  Sales  Clerk;  
  Marketing     Sales  Assistant  
  Supply  Chain   Certificate   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)   2  years     Storekeeper;  
  Management     Stores/Procurement/  
  Supply  Chain  Assistant  
  Business   Certificate   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)   2  years     Administrative  Assistant  
  Management    
  Human  Resource   Certificate   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)   2  years     Human  Resource  Assistant  
  Management    
 
Road  Transport   Certificate   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)   2  years     Road  Transport/Logistics  
 
Management     Management  Assistant;  
 
Information  Studies   Certificate   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)   2  years     Library  Assistant;  Records  
 
  Management  Assistant  
 
Tour  Guiding   Certificate   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)   2  years     Tour  Guide  Operations  
 
Operations     Assistant  
 
Tour  and  Travel   Certificate   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)   2  years     Tours  and  Travel  
 
Operations     Operations  Assistant  
 
  Maritime  Transport   Certificate   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)   2  years     Container  Depot  Clerk;  
Operations     Shipping  Clerk  

KNEC  
10 EXAMINED   BUSINESS  
Kenya National AND  TECHNICAL  
Examinations CouncilCOURSES     Page  10  of  39  
TYPE   COURSE   LEVEL   ENTRY  QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   CAREER    
TYPE COURSE LEVEL ENTRY QUALIFICATIONS Duration CAREER
Business  Technical     Information   Certificate   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)   2  years     ICT  Assistant;  Data  Entry  
and  Vocational   Technology     Clerk  
Education  and  
Training  (BTVET)  

Project   Certificate   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)   2  years     Project  Management  


Management     Assistant;  Event  
Management  Assistant  
Secretarial  Studies   Diploma     KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years     Shorthand  Typist;  Personal  
    Secretary;  Assistant  Office  
Manager  
Sales  and   Diploma     KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years     Sales  and  Marketing  
Marketing     Officer/Manager  
Supply  Chain   Diploma     KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years     Supply  Chain  
Management     Officer/Manager;  
Procurement  
Officer/Manager  
Business   Diploma     KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years     Office  Supervisor  
Management  

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KNEC Career Guidance Handbook
TYPE   COURSE   LEVEL   ENTRY  QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   CAREER    
TYPE COURSE LEVEL ENTRY QUALIFICATIONS Duration CAREER

Business  Technical     Human  Resource   Diploma     KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years     Assistant  Human  Resource  
and  Vocational   Management     Officer;  Human  Resource  
Education  and   Officer  
Training  (BTVET)   Road  Transport   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years     Road  Transport  Officer;  
Management     Logistics  Management  
Officer;  Fleet  Manager  
Tourism   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years     Tourism  Management  
Management     Officer  
Tour  Guiding   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years     Tour  Guide  Supervisor  
Management    
Information  and   Diploma     KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years     Information  and  
Communication     Communication  
Technology   Technology  Officer  
Project   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years     Project  Manager;  
Management     Monitoring  &  Evaluation  
Officer  
Petroleum   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years     Assistant  Petroleum  Depot  
Management     Manager;  Petroleum  
Supply  Chain  Manager  
Investment   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years     Evaluating  Investment  
  Data;  Investment  Manager  
Maritime  Transport   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years     Port  Operations  Manager;  
Logistics       Shipping  Documentation  
  Supervisor;  Logistics  
  Manager  

   
 
12 Kenya National Examinations Council
TYPE   COURSE   LEVEL   ENTRY  QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   CAREER    

TECHNICAL  COURSES   1.2 TECHNICAL COURSES


TYPE COURSE LEVEL ENTRY QUALIFICATIONS Duration CAREER
Technical  and   Food  and  Beverage   Craft   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)  OR  a   2  years     Waiter/Waitress;  Cook;  
Vocational     Production  and   Pass  in  a  relevant  Artisan  Course     further  education  in  Food  
Education  and   Service   and  Beverage  Production  
Training  (  TVET  )   and  Service  at  Diploma  
level;  self  employment  
Technical   Housekeeping  and   Craft   KCSE    Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)    OR  a   2  years     Laundry  Attendant;  Room  
Education   Accommodation   pass  in  a  relevant  artisan  course     Attendant;  Receptionist;  
Programme  (TEP)   OR  Equivalent  qualification   further  education  in  
approved  by  KNEC   Housekeeping  and  
Accommodation  at  
Diploma  level    
TEP   Food    and  Beverage   Artisan   KCPE  OR  Equivalent  qualification   2  years     Waiter/Waitress;  Cook;  
Production  and   approved  by  KNEC     further  education  in  Food    
Service   and  Beverage  Production  
and  Service  at  Craft  level;  
self  employment  
TVET   Fashion  Design  and   NVCET  Option   KCPE  OR  equivalent  qualification   4  year  s     Fashion  Designer;  
Garment  Making   I   approved  by  KNEC   Tailor/Garment  Maker;  
  Garment  Designer;  
  Garment  Cutter;  Sample  
  Maker;  further  education  
  at  Craft  level  in  Fashion  
  and  Design  and  Garment  
  Making,  self  employment.  

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KNEC Career Guidance Handbook
TYPE   COURSE   LEVEL   ENTRY  QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   CAREER    
TYPE COURSE LEVEL ENTRY QUALIFICATIONS Duration CAREER

TVET   Catering  and   Craft   KCSE    Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)     2  years      Room  Attendant;  
Accommodation     Waiter/Waitress;  and  
Operations   further  education  in  
Catering  and  
Accommodation  
Operations  at  Diploma  
level  
TEP   Food  and  Beverage   Diploma   A    pass  in  relevant    Craft  course   3  years     Cook;  Waiter/Waitress;  
Management   OR  KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)     Restaurant  Supervisor;  
Kitchen  Supervisor;  
Teaching;  self  employment  
in  Food  Production;    
Further  education  in  Food  
and  Beverage  at  Degree  
level  
TEP   Catering  and   Diploma     A    pass  in  relevant  Craft  course   3  years     Room  Supervisor;  Kitchen  
Accommodation     OR  KCSE  Mean  Grade  C  –  (Minus)     Supervisor;  Restaurant  
Management       Supervisor;  Room  
    Attendant;  
    Waiter/Waitress;  
    Teaching;  self  employment  
    in  Food  Production;  
 
further  education  in  Food  
   
&  Beverage  at  Degree  
    level    

TVET   Food  and  Beverage   Diploma     A  pass  in  relevant    craft  course   3  years     Cook;  Waiter/Waitress;  
Management   OR  KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)     Restaurant  Supervisor;  
OR  equivalent  qualifications  as   Kitchen  Supervisor;  
approved  by  KNEC   Teaching;  self  employment  

14 Kenya National Examinations Council


TYPE   COURSE   LEVEL   ENTRY  QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   CAREER    
TYPE COURSE LEVEL ENTRY QUALIFICATIONS Duration CAREER

in  Food  Production;  
further    education  in  Food  
and  Beverage  at  Degree  
level  
TVET   Catering  and   Diploma     KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)  OR   3  years     Supervisor;  Restaurant  
Accommodation   equivalent  qualifications     Supervisor;  Room  
Management   approved  by  KNEC   Attendant;  
Waiter/Waitress;  
Teaching;  self  employment  
in  Catering;  further  
education  in  Catering  and  
Accommodation  at  Degree  
level  
TEP   Garment  Making   Artisan   KCPE  OR  equivalent  qualifications   2  years     Tailor;  Dressmaker;  self  
as  approved  by  KNEC     employment;  further  
training  in  Garment  
Making  at  Craft  level  

“On the frontline in Quality Assessment and Examinations” 15


KNEC Career Guidance Handbook
TYPE   COURSE   LEVEL   ENTRY  QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   CAREER    
TYPE COURSE LEVEL ENTRY QUALIFICATIONS Duration CAREER
TVET   Fashion  Design  and   Craft   Pass    in  relevant  Artisan  Course   2  years     Fashion  Designer;  
Garment  Making   OR  KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)     Garment  Constructor;  
Technology   OR  Equivalent  qualification   Supervisor;  Garment  
approved  by  KNEC   Cutter;  Pattern  Cutter;  
Textile  Designer;  Sample  
  Maker;  Fashion  Stylist;  
Embroiderer;  Batik/Tie  
and  Dye  Producer;  further  
education  in    Fashion  
Design  and  Clothing  
Technology  at  Degree  
level;  self  employment  

TVET   Fashion  Design  and   Diploma   Passed  Craft  Course  in  Fashion   3  years     Fashion  Promoter;  Fashion  
Clothing   Design  and  Garment  Making     Illustrator;  Fashion  
Technology   Technology  OR  KCSE    Mean   Designer;  Fashion  
Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)  OR  Equivalent   Merchandiser;  Fashion  
qualification  approved  by  KNEC   Journalist;  Garment  
Cutter;  Cutting  
Supervisor/Master;  
Pattern  Cutter/Master;  
Quality  Controller;  Textile  
Designer;  Fashion  
Consultant  
  Garment  Construction  
Technologist;  Sample  
Makers;  Fashion  
Forecasters;  Instructors;  
Fashion  Stylist;  
Embroiderer;  Batik  and  
16 Kenya National Examinations Council
TYPE   COURSE   LEVEL   ENTRY  QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   CAREER    
TYPE COURSE LEVEL ENTRY QUALIFICATIONS Duration CAREER

Tie/Dye  Expert;  
Researcher;  further  
Education  in  Technical  
Teacher  Training  at  Degree  
or  Diploma  level;  self  
employment  
TVET    Textile  Technology   Diploma   Passed  relevant  Craft  Course  in   3  years     Spinning  Technician;  
Spinning,  Weaving  and     Weaving  Technician;  
Processing  Technician  OR  KCSE   Knitting  Technician;  
Mean  Grade  C  –  (Minus)  OR   Processing  Technician;  
Equivalent  qualification  approved   Supervisor;  Quality  
by  KNEC   Controller;  Fabric/Textile  
Designer;  Researcher;  
further  education  in  
Textile  Engineering  level  at  
Degree  level  
TEP   Educational   Higher   Diploma  in  Technical  Education   1. 2  years       3. Diploma  Technical  
Management   Diploma   OR  Equivalent  qualification   2.   Teacher;  further  education  
approved  by  KNEC   in  Education  at  Degree  
level  
TEP   Garment  Making   Craft   Passed  relevant  Artisan  Course   2  years     Garment  Constructor;  
OR  KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)     Garment  Cutter;  Pattern  
OR  Equivalent  qualification   Cutter;  Textile  Designer;  
approved  by  KNEC   Sample  Makers;  further  
education  in  Fashion  
Design  and  Clothing  
Technology  at  Diploma  
level;  self  employment  
“On the frontline in Quality Assessment and Examinations” 17
KNEC Career Guidance Handbook
TYPE   COURSE   LEVEL   ENTRY  QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   CAREER    
TYPE COURSE LEVEL ENTRY QUALIFICATIONS Duration CAREER

TEP   Clothing   Diploma   Passed  relevant  Craft  Course  OR   3  years     Fashion  Designer;  Fashion  
Technology   KCSE    Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)  OR     Merchandiser;  Garment  
Equivalent  qualification  approved   Cutter;  Cutting  
by  KNEC   Supervisor/Master;  
  Pattern  Cutter/Master;  
  Quality  Controller;  Textile  
Designer;  Garment  
Construction  Technologist;  
Sample  Maker;  Instructor;  
Researcher;  further  
education  in  Technical  
Teacher  Training  at  Degree  
or  Diploma  level;  self  
employment  
TEP   Carpentry  and   Artisan   KCPE  OR  Equivalent  qualification   2  years     Furniture  Industry  
Joinery   approved  by  KNEC    
TEP   Masonry   Artisan   KCPE  OR  Equivalent  qualification   2  years     Building  Industry  and  self  
approved  by  KNEC     employment  
TEP    Plumbing   Artisan   KCPE  OR  Equivalent  qualification   2  years     Building  Industry  and  self  
approved  by  KNEC     employment  

TEP   Carpentry  and   Craft   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)    OR   2  years     Furniture  Industry  and  self  
Joinery   Certificate  in  relevant    Artisan     employment  
Course  
TEP   Masonry   Craft   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)    OR   2  years     Building  Industry  and  self  
Certificate  in  relevant    Artisan     employment  
Course  

18 Kenya National Examinations Council


TYPE   COURSE   LEVEL   ENTRY  QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   CAREER    
TYPE COURSE LEVEL ENTRY QUALIFICATIONS Duration CAREER
TEP   Plumbing   Craft   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)    OR   2  years     Building  Industry  and  self  
Certificate  in  relevant    Artisan     employment  
Course  
TEP   Land  Surveying   Craft   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)    OR   2  years     Physical  Planning  
Certificate  in  relevant    Artisan  
Course    

TEP     Road  Construction   Craft   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)    OR   2  years     Road  Construction  
Certificate  in  relevant    Artisan  
course    

TEP   Water  Technology   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years     Construction                        
(Water  Supply)   Industry  and  
  Municipalities  

TEP   Water  Technology   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years     Construction  Industry  and      
(Sanitation)     Municipalities  

TEP    Water  Technology   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years     Construction                      
(Surface  Water     Industry  and      
Option)   Municipalities  
TEP   Water  Technology   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years     Construction  Industry  and  
(Ground  Water     Municipalities  
Option)  
TEP   Building   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years     Building  Industry  and  self  
  employment  
TEP   Quantity  Surveying   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)     3  years     Building  Industry  and  self  
  employment  

“On the frontline in Quality Assessment and Examinations” 19


KNEC Career Guidance Handbook
TYPE   COURSE   LEVEL   ENTRY  QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   CAREER    
TYPE COURSE LEVEL ENTRY QUALIFICATIONS Duration CAREER
 
TEP    Civil  Engineering   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus) 3  years     Building  Industry  and  self  
  employment  

TEP   Highway   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years     Building  Industry  and  self  
Engineering     employment  
TEP   Architecture   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years     Building  Industry  and  self  
employment  

TEP   Photogrammetry   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years     Physical  Planning  
and  Remote  
Sensing  
TEP   Cartography   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years     Physical  Planning  

TEP   Land  Surveying   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years       Physical  Planning  

TEP   Map  Reproduction   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years       Physical  Planning  
 

TEP   Construction   Higher   Diploma  in  Building  Technology,   3  years       Building  Industry  and  self  
(Building   Diploma   Civil  Engineering  OR  Architecture   employment  
Economics)  
TEP   Construction   Higher   Diploma  in  Building  Technology,    3  years       Building  Industry  and  self  
(Structures)   Diploma   Civil  Engineering  OR  Architecture   employment  

TEP   Construction     Higher   Diploma  in  Building  Technology,   3  years       Building  Industry  and  self  
  Diploma   Civil  Engineering  OR  Architecture   employment  
(Building  and  Civil  
Engineering)  

20 Kenya National Examinations Council


TYPE   COURSE   LEVEL   ENTRY  QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   CAREER    
TYPE COURSE LEVEL ENTRY QUALIFICATIONS Duration CAREER
TEP   Construction   Higher   Diploma  in  Building  Technology,   3  years       Building  Industry  and  self  
(Highway   Diploma   Civil  Engineering  OR  Architecture   employment  
Engineering)  

TEP   Construction   Higher   Diploma  in  Water  Engineering   3  years       Construction  Industry  and  
(Water   Diploma   Municipalities  
Engineering)  

TEP   Surveying  and   Higher   Diploma  in  Land  Surveying,   3  years       Physical  Planning  
Mapping   Diploma   Cartography  or  Photogrammetric  

TEP   Land  Surveying   Higher   Diploma  in  Land  Surveying,    3  years       Physical  Planning  
Diploma   Cartography  or  Photogrammetric  

TEP   Photogrammetric   Higher   Diploma  in  Land  Surveying,   3  years       Physical  Planning  
and  Remote   Diploma   Cartography  or  Photogrammetric  
Sensing  

TEP    Cartography   Higher   Diploma  in  Land  Surveying,   3  years       Physical  Planning  
  Diploma   Cartography  or  Photogrammetric    

TVET    Appropriate   NVCET  Option   KCPE  OR  equivalent  qualification   4  years       Furniture  Industry  
Carpentry  and   I   approved  by  KNEC  
Joinery    
TVET   Building   NVCET   KCPE  OR  equivalent  qualification   4  years       Building  Industry  and  self  
Technology     Option  I   approved  by  KNEC   employment  
TVET   Water  Technology     Craft     KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)  OR   2years       Construction  Industry  and  
Certificate  in  Artisan   Municipalities  
“On the frontline in Quality Assessment and Examinations” 21
KNEC Career Guidance Handbook
TYPE   COURSE   LEVEL   ENTRY  QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   CAREER    
TYPE COURSE LEVEL ENTRY QUALIFICATIONS Duration CAREER
TVET   Water  Technology     Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years       Construction  Industry  and  
Municipalities  
TEP   Cartography   Craft     KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)  OR   2  years       Physical  Planning  
Certificate  in  Artisan  

TEP   Photogrammetric   Craft     KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)  OR   2  years       Physical  Planning  
Certificate  in  Artisan  

TEP   Certificate  in  Land   Craft   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)  OR   2  years       Physical  Planning  
Surveying   Certificate  in  Artisan  

TEP   Road  Construction   Craft   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)  OR   2  years       Construction  Industry  and  
Certificate  in  Artisan   Municipalities  

TEP   Water  Technology   Craft   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)  OR   2  years       Construction  Industry  and  
Certificate  in  Artisan   Municipalities  

TVET   Building   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years       Building  Industry  and  self  
employment  

TVET   Civil  Engineering   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years       Building  Industry  and  self  
employment  

TVET   Architecture   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years       Building  Industry  and  self  
employment  

KNEC  EXAMINED  BUSINESS  AND  TECHNICAL  COURSES     Page  22  of  39  
22 Kenya National Examinations Council
TYPE   COURSE   LEVEL   ENTRY  QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   CAREER    
TYPE COURSE LEVEL ENTRY QUALIFICATIONS Duration CAREER
TVET   Craft  Certificate  in:   Craft   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)  OR  a   2  years       Hands-­‐on  Craftsmen  in  
(i)    Mechanical       Pass  at  Level  II  NVCET  Option  I   Industry;  Government  
           Engineering   departments  and  Non  
(iii)Electrical  and             Governmental  
           Electronics       Organizations  (NGOs)  
           Engineering;   where  each  crafts  skill  is  
(iii)Nautical     relevant  and  self  
           Sciences;     employment  
             Marine      
           Engineering  
TVET   Diploma  in:   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)  OR   3  years       Middle-­‐level  Supervisor  
(i)  Mechanical     a  Pass  in  relevant  Craft  Certificate   with  hands-­‐on  capabilities  
         Engineering;   at  level  II     to  work  in:  
(ii)Electrical  and         Industry;  Government  
         Electronics   departments  and  Non  
(iii)Engineering;       Governmental  
           Nautical             Organization  (NGOs)  
           Sciences;       where  each  technician  skill  
(iv)Marine     is  relevant  and  self  
         Engineering;     employment.                
(v)  Information    
         Communication    
         Technology;    
(vi)Computer    
         Studies  
TEP   Artisan  Seafarers     Artisan   KCPE  OR  equivalent    qualification   2  years       Maritime  Industry  
approved  by  KNEC  

TVET   Nautical    Science   Craft   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)  OR  a   2  years       Maritime  Industry  
Pass  in  Artisan  Seafarers      

KNEC  EXAMINED  BUSINESS  AND  TECHNICAL  COURSES     Page  23  of  39  
“On the frontline in Quality Assessment and Examinations” 23
KNEC Career Guidance Handbook
TYPE   COURSE   LEVEL   ENTRY  QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   CAREER    
TYPE COURSE LEVEL ENTRY QUALIFICATIONS Duration CAREER
TVET   Marine  Engineering   Craft   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)  OR  a   2  years       Maritime  Industry  
Pass  in  Artisan  Seafarers    
TVET   Nautical  Science   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)  OR   3  years       Maritime  Industry  
passed  the  relevant  Craft  course  
OR  Equivalent    qualification  
approved  by  KNEC  
TVET   Marine  Engineering     Diploma   KCSE    Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)  OR   3  years       Maritime  Industry  
passed  the  relevant  Craft  course  
OR    Equivalent    qualification  
approved  by  KNEC  
TVET   Aeronautical   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐(Minus)     3  years       Aviation  Industry  
Engineering.    
(Airframe  and  
Engines  Option)  
TVET   Aeronautical   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years       Aviation  Industry  
Engineering  
(Avionics-­‐Commu-­‐
nication  and  
Navigation  Option)  

TVET   Mechanical   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)  OR   3  years       Mechanical  Engineering  
Engineering   relevant  Craft  Course  OR   (Production  )  
(Production  Option)   Equivalent    qualification  
approved  by  KNEC  
TVET   Mechanical   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)  OR   3  years       Mechanical  Engineering  
Engineering  (Plant   relevant  Craft  Course  OR   (Plant)  
Option)   Equivalent    qualification    
approved  by  KNEC  

24 Kenya National Examinations Council


TYPE   COURSE   LEVEL   ENTRY  QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   CAREER    
TYPE COURSE LEVEL ENTRY QUALIFICATIONS Duration CAREER

TVET   Mechanical   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)  OR   3  years       Mechanical  Engineering  
Engineering   relevant  Craft  Course  OR   (Fabrication)  
(Fabrication  and     Equivalent    qualification  
Metallurgy  Option   approved  by  KNEC  
TEP   Mechanical   Higher   Pass  in  relevant  Diploma  Course   3  years       Engineering  Industry  
Engineering   Diploma  

TVET   Diploma    in       Diploma   KCSE    C-­‐  (Minus)  OR  Craft   3  years       Technologist  
(i)  Electrical           Certificate  OR  NVCET    level  II  
       Engineering     Option  II  
       (Power,  
(ii)Telecommuni-­‐    
         cation  and    
(iii)Instrumentation    
           Options  

TVET   Electrical  and   Craft   KCSE    Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)  OR   2years       Technician  
Electronics   Artisan  in  Electrical  Installation  
Technology  (Power   OR  NVCET  Option  II  
and  
Telecommunication  
Options)  
TEP   Instrumentation   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)  OR   3  years       Technician  
and  Control   Craft  Certificate  
Engineering    
TEP   Electronic   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)  OR   3  years       Technician  
Engineering   Craft  Certificate  

KNEC  EXAMINED  BUSINESS  AND  TECHNICAL  COURSES     “On the frontline in Quality Assessment and Examinations”Page  25
25  of  39  
KNEC Career Guidance Handbook
TYPE   COURSE   LEVEL   ENTRY  QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   CAREER    
TYPE COURSE LEVEL ENTRY QUALIFICATIONS Duration CAREER

TVET   Telecommunication   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)  OR   3  years       Technician  
Engineering   Craft  Certificate  
TEP   Aeronautical   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)  OR   3  years       Technician  
Engineering   Craft  Certificate  
TEP   Medical   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)  OR   3  years       Technician  
Engineering   Craft  Certificate  
TEP   Electrical   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)  OR   3  years       Technician  
Engineering  (Power   Craft  Certificate  
Option)  

TEP   Electrical   Craft   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)  OR   2years       Craft  
  Engineering   Artisan  Certificate  in  Electrical      
(Installation  and   Installation  OR    NVCET  Level  II  
Electronic  Options)   Option  I  

TEP   Higher  Diploma  in   Diploma   Diploma  in  Electrical  Engineering   3  years       Technologist  
(i)  Electrical      
         Engineering    
         (Power,      
         Electronics,      
(ii)  Telecommu-­‐    
         nication  Options)  
TEP   Baking  Technology   Craft     KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)  OR   2  years       Baking  Industry    
Pass  in  relevant  Artisan  Course    

26 Kenya National Examinations Council


KNEC  EXAMINED  BUSINESS  AND  TECHNICAL  COURSES     Page  26  of  39  
TYPE   COURSE   LEVEL   ENTRY  QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   CAREER    
TYPE COURSE LEVEL ENTRY QUALIFICATIONS Duration CAREER
TVET   Baking  Technology   Craft   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)  OR   2  years       Baking  Industry  
Pass  in  relevant  Artisan  Course  
  OR  Equivalent  qualification  
approved  by  KNEC  
TVET   Baking  Technology   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)  OR   3  years       Baking  Industry  
Pass  in  relevant  Artisan  Course  
OR  Equivalent  qualification  
approved  by  KNEC  
TVET   Food  Processing   NVCET   KCPE   4  years       Food  Processing  Industries  
Technology  

TEP   Food  Processing   Craft   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)   2  years       Food  Processing  Industries  
Technology    

TEP   Food  Technology   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)  OR   3  years       Food  Processing  Industries  
a  Pass  in  relevant  Craft  Course   and  Research  Institutions  

TVET   Dietetics   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)  OR   3  years       Health  Institutions  and  
Management   a  Pass  in  relevant  Craft  Course   Non  Governmental  
Organization  (NGOs)  

TEP   Food  Technology   Higher   Pass  in  relevant  Diploma  Course   3  years       Food  Processing      
(Quality  Control)   Diploma   Industries  and    Research  
Institutions  

“On the frontline in Quality Assessment and Examinations” 27


KNEC Career Guidance Handbook
TYPE   COURSE   LEVEL   ENTRY  QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   CAREER    
TYPE COURSE LEVEL ENTRY QUALIFICATIONS Duration CAREER
TEP   Housekeeping     Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)  OR     3  years       Hotel  Industry  
Management   Certificate  in  relevant  Artisan  
Course  

TEP   Art  and  Design   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years       Advertising  Industry  and  
Publishing  Industry  
TEP   Social  Work  and   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years       Non  Governmental  
Community   Organizations  (NGOs)  
Development  

TEP   Social  work  and   Craft   KCSE  Mean  Grade    D  (Plain)     2  years       Non  Governmental  
Community   Organizations  (NGOs)  
Development  

TEP   Medical  Laboratory   Craft   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   2  years       Hospitals  and  Research  
Technology   with  cluster  subjects  of:  C  (Plain)   Institutions  
in  English  OR  Kiswahili,  
Mathematics  OR  Physics/Physical  
Science,  Biology/Biological  
Science  and    Chemistry  OR    
Equivalent  qualification  approved  
by  KNEC      

TEP   Medical  Laboratory   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C  (Plain)  with   3  years       Hospitals  and  Research  
Technology   cluster  subjects  of:  C+  (Plus)  in   Institutions  
English  OR  Kiswahili,  C+  (Plus)  in  
  Mathematics  OR  Physics  and  C+  
(Plus)  in  Biology  OR  Biological  
Science  and    Chemistry  (or  
Physical  Science)  OR  a  Pass  in  
relevant  Craft  Course    

KNEC  EXAMINED  BUSINESS  AND  TECHNICAL  COURSES     Page  28  of  39  
28 Kenya National Examinations Council
TYPE   COURSE   LEVEL   ENTRY  QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   CAREER    
TYPE COURSE LEVEL ENTRY QUALIFICATIONS Duration CAREER
TEP   Pharmaceutical   Diploma     KCSE  Mean  Grade  C  (Plain)  with   3  years       Hospitals,  Research  
Technology   cluster  subjects  of:  C  (Plain)  in   Institutions  and  
English,  Mathematics  OR  Physics,   Pharmaceutical  Industry    
  Biology  OR  Biological  Science  and    
Chemistry  (or  Physical  Science)  
and  C  (Plain)  in  Kiswahili  OR  
Equivalent  qualification  approved  
by  KNEC  
TEP   Science           Craft   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)   2  years       Learning  Institutions  
Laboratory   (Schools)  
Technology    

TEP   Applied  Biology     Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years       Research  Institutions    
TEP   Analytical   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years       Research  Institutions  
Chemistry    
TEP   Analytical   Higher   TEP  Diploma  in  Analytical   3  years       Manufacturing  Industry  
Chemistry   Diploma   Chemistry  OR   and  Research  Institutions  
Equivalent  qualification  approved  
by  KNEC  
TEP   Applied  Biology   Higher   TEP    Diploma  in  Applied  Biology   3  years       Research  Institutions  
Diploma   OR  Equivalent  qualification  
approved  by  KNEC  

TVET   Hairdressing  and   NVCET   KCPE   4  years       Self  employment    


Beauty  Therapy    
Level  I  

KNEC  EXAMINED  BUSINESS  AND  TECHNICAL  COURSES     Page  29  of  39  
“On the frontline in Quality Assessment and Examinations” 29
KNEC Career Guidance Handbook
TYPE   COURSE   LEVEL   ENTRY  QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   CAREER    
TYPE COURSE LEVEL ENTRY QUALIFICATIONS Duration CAREER
TVET   Motor  Vehicle   NVCET    KCPE   4  years       Motor  Vehicle  Mechanic  
Technology,  Option  
I    
TEP   Motor  Vehicle   Artisan    KCPE   2  years       Motor  Vehicle  Mechanic  
Mechanics    
 
TVET   Certificate  in   Craft   KCSE    Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)  OR   2  years       Motor  Vehicle  Mechanic  
Automotive   Passed  Artisan  Course  in   (Assistant  Supervisor)  
Engineering     Automotive  OR  Passed  NVCET  
Option  II  (Motor  Vehicle)  OR  
Equivalent  qualification  approved  
by  KNEC  
TEP   Motor  Vehicle   Craft   KCSE    Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)  OR   2  years       Motor  Vehicle  Mechanic  
Mechanics     Passed  in  relevant  Artisan  course   (Assistant  Supervisor)  
OR  
Equivalent  qualification  approved  
by  KNEC  
TEP   Agricultural   Craft   KCSE    Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)  OR   2  years       Mechanic/  Assistant  
Engineering  (Farm   Passed  in  relevant  Artisan  Course   Workshop  Supervisor  
Power  and   OR   (Farm  Machinery  and  
Machinery)     Equivalent  qualification  approved   Equipment)  
by  KNEC  
TEP   Automotive   Diploma     KCSE    Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)  OR   3  years       Motor  Vehicle  
Engineering     Passed  in  relevant  Craft  Course   Mechanic/Supervisor  
OR  
Equivalent  qualification  approved  
by  KNEC  

KNEC  EXAMINED  BUSINESS  AND  TECHNICAL  COURSES     Page  30  of  39  

30 Kenya National Examinations Council


TYPE   COURSE   LEVEL   ENTRY  QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   CAREER    
TYPE COURSE LEVEL ENTRY QUALIFICATIONS Duration CAREER
TVET   Automotive   Diploma   KCSE    Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus),   3  years       Motor  Vehicle  Mechanic/  
Engineering     Passed  in  relevant  Craft  Course  in   Supervisor  
Automotive  Engineering  (TVET)  
OR  Passed  NVCET  Option  II  
(Motor  Vehicle)  OR  Equivalent  
qualification    approved  by  KNEC  
TEP   Agricultural   Diploma   KCSE    Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus),   3  years       Mechanic/  Supervisor  
Engineering     Passed  in  relevant  Craft  course   (Farm  Machinery  and  
OR  Equivalent  qualification   Equipment)  
approved  by  KNEC  
TEP   Construction  Plant   Diploma   KCSE    Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)  OR   3  years       Mechanic/Supervisor  
Engineering     Passed  in  relevant  Craft  Course   (Construction  Plant)  -­‐  
OR  Equivalent  qualification   Heavy  Machinery  and  
approved  by  KNEC   Equipment  
TVET   Petroleum   Craft   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)   2years       Petroleum  Industry  
Geosciences  
TVET   Petroleum   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)  and   3  years       Petroleum  Industry  
Geosciences   a  pass  in  relevant  Craft  
Certificate      
TVET   Environmental   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years       Relevant  in  all  
Science  &   manufacturing  industries  
Technology   and  Government  agencies    
TEP   Chemical   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)   3  years       Manufacturing  Industry    
Engineering  

KNEC  EXAMINED  BUSINESS  AND  TECHNICAL  COURSES     Page  31  of  39  
“On the frontline in Quality Assessment and Examinations” 31
KNEC Career Guidance Handbook
TYPE   COURSE   LEVEL   ENTRY  QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   CAREER    
TYPE COURSE LEVEL ENTRY QUALIFICATIONS Duration CAREER
TVET   Welding  and   Craft     KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  (Plain)  OR   2  years       Metal  processing  industry,  
Fabrication   Pass  in  relevant  artisan  course   Building  industry  and  self  
  employment  

TIVET   Aeronautical   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)  OR   3  years       Air  transport  industry  
Engineering                         Pass  in  relevant  Craft  Course  
(Air  Frame                              
and  Engines    
Option)  
TIVET   Aeronautical   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  (Minus)  OR   3  years       Air  transport  industry  
  Engineering   Pass  in  relevant  Craft  Course  
  (Avionics  Option)    
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
32 Kenya National Examinations Council
TYPE   COURSE   LEVEL   ENTRY  QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   CAREER    
2.0 TEACHER EDUCATION COURSES
TEACHER  
TYPE
EDUCATION  
COURSE
COURSES  
LEVEL
  ENTRY QUALIFICATIONS Duration CAREER

EARLY  CHILDHOOD   Diploma  in  ECDE   Diploma   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C  (Plain)  OR   Four  (4)  full   Teacher  
DEVELOPMENT   Kenya  Certificate  of  Education   terms  of  pre-­‐
AND  EDUCATION   (KCE)  Division  2  OR  Primary   service    
(ECDE)   Teacher  Education  (P1  Teacher  
training  or  six  
Training  Certificate)  OR  at  least  
(6)  in-­‐service  
D+  KCSE  or  KCE  Division  3  and  in  
addition  have  a  KNEC  ECDE   training  
Certificate  or  Ministry  of   sessions    and  
Education  DICECE  certificate  OR   fulfilling  the  
KCE  Division  3  and  Kenya   requirements  
Advanced  Certificate  of  Education   for  teaching  
(KACE  -­‐  A  Level)  Certificate  with  a  
practice  
minimum  of  one  (1)  Principal  
 
 
ECDE   ECDE  Certificate   Certificate   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D+  (PLUS)  OR   Four  (4)  full   Teacher  
course   KCE  Division  IV  OR  P2  teacher   terms  of  pre-­‐
training  certificate  OR  a  KCPE   service  
Certificate  and  must  have  passed   training  or  six  
a  proficiency  test  administered  by  
(6)  in-­‐service  
KNEC  
  training  
sessions  and  
teaching  
practice  

“On the frontline in Quality Assessment and Examinations” 33


KNEC Career Guidance Handbook
TYPE   COURSE   LEVEL   ENTRY  QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   CAREER    
TYPE COURSE LEVEL ENTRY QUALIFICATIONS Duration CAREER
ECDE   ECDE  Proficiency   Certificate   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D  Plain    and     To  join  ECDE  Certificate  
Certificate  (this  is   below  and  minimum  of  KCPE   Course  after  passing  KNEC  
not  a  course  but  an   ECDE  Proficiency  
examination  for  
Examination  
those  who  have  not  
met  minimum  
entry  requirement  
for  ECDE  
Certificate)  
Primary  Teacher   Teacher  Training     Certificate   KCSE  Mean  Grade  C  (Plain)  with  a   Two  (2)  years   Teacher  
Education  (PTE)     minimum  grade  of  D  (Plain)  in    
Mathematics  and  C-­‐  (Minus)  in  
English  OR  KCSE  Mean  Grade  C-­‐  
(Minus)  for  visually  impaired  (VI-­‐
blind),  hearing  impaired  (HI)  and  
physically  disabled  candidates  
Teacher  Certificate   Teacher  Training   Certificate   KCSE  Mean  Grade  D+  (Plus)  FOR     Two  (2)  years   Teacher  
of  Adult  Education   Teacher  1  &  KCSE  Mean  Grade  D      
(TCAE)   (Plain)  FOR  Teacher  2  
Diploma  in  Teacher   Teacher  Training     Diploma   FOR  sighted  candidates:  KCSE   Three  (3)   Teacher  
Education  (DTE)     Mean  Grade  C+(Plus)  OR   years    
equivalent  qualification  approved  
by  KNEC  with  C+  (Plus)  in  the  
subjects  of  specialization,  OR  
equivalent  qualification  C  (Plain)  
in  English,  OR  equivalent  for  all  
applicants  C  (Plain)  in  
Mathematics  for  Science  based  

KNEC  EXAMINED  BUSINESS  AND  TECHNICAL  COURSES     Page  34  of  39  

34 Kenya National Examinations Council


TYPE   COURSE   LEVEL   ENTRY  QUALIFICATIONS   DURATION   CAREER    
TYPE COURSE LEVEL ENTRY QUALIFICATIONS Duration CAREER

courses  and  D+  (Plus)  in    


Mathematics  for  humanities  and  
creative  arts  courses.  

FOR  candidates  with  visual  


impairment:  KCSE  Mean  Grade  C  
(Plain)  OR  Equivalent  
qualification  with  a  C  (Plain)  in  
the  subjects  of  specialization  or  
equivalent  qualification,  C-­‐  
(Minus)  in  English  OR  equivalent  
for  all  applicants,  C-­‐  (Minus)  in  
Mathematics  for  Science  based  
courses  and  D  (Plain)  in  
Mathematics  for  non-­‐science  
based  courses  
Diploma  in  Special   Teacher  Training   Diploma   Primary  Teacher  Education-­‐P1   Two  (2)  years   Teacher  
Needs  Education   Teacher  Certificate  by  training  OR    
(SNE)   P  1  Teacher  who  has  been  
  promoted  by  the  Ministry  of  
Education  through  the  teacher  
proficiency  courses  OR  KCSE  
Mean  Grade  D+  (Plus)  OR  KCE  
Division  3  with  a  KNEC  Certificate  
in  ECDE  or  Ministry  of  Education  
DICECE  Certificate  

KNEC  EXAMINED  BUSINESS  AND  TECHNICAL  COURSES     Page  35  of  39  
“On the frontline in Quality Assessment and Examinations” 35
NYANZA CHRISTIAN TEACHERS’ TRAINING
COLLEGE
P.O. BOX 4648 KONDELE-KISUMU.
Tel: 0722-749105, 0702785702, 0727-698130
Located in Kisumu - Kisumu County
Along Kibos Road (Kondele)

Nyanza Christian Teachers’ Training College in Kisumu County is Registered by the Ministry of Education Reg. No. P/TC/769/12
COURSES OFFERED
1. PRIMARY TEACHER EDUCATION P1 (PTE) 3. DIPLOMA IN EARLY CHILDHOOD DEV. EDUCATION (ECDE)
ENTRY REQUIREMENTS ENTRY REQUIREMENTS: C Plain and above
C Plain and above. Duration: 2 years
Duration:2 years Intake in JANUARY
Intake in SEPTEMBER
4. CERTIFICATE IN ECDE
2. DIPLOMA IN TEACHER EDUCATION (DTE) ENTRY REQUIREMENT: D+ and above
ENTRY REQUIREMENTS Duration: 1 year
- C+(Plus) and above Intake in JANUARY
- C+ (Plus) in two teaching subjects
- C plain in English 5. PROFICIENCY CERTIFICATE IN ECDE
- D+ (Plus) in Mathematics ENTRY REQUIREMENT: A minimum of KCPE
Duration: 3 years Duration: 1 year
Intake in JANUARY Intake in JANUARY

WE OFFER ALSO SCHOOL BASED FOR ECDE COURSES IN APRIL, AUGUST & DECEMBER HOLIDAYS
ACCOMMODATION AVAILABLE IN COLLEGE
K
KIAMBU INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
I Tel: 020 3522550, 0734 207663, 0727 807713; Email: principal@kist.ac.ke
S P. O. Box 414-00900 Kiambu, Kenya
T
KIST is a non-Denominational Technical, Vocational & Entrepreneurship Training (TVET) Institute under the Ministry of Education. It is registered
FOR SELF RELIANCE
institution to offer Technical, Vocational and Entrepreneurial Training as per the Ministry of Education Act and TVET Act. KIST offers the following
TVET Diploma, Certificate and Artisan courses.

TUITION
FEES PER
TERM/
TIME EXAM SEMESTER
COURSE TITLE MINIMUM ENTRY REQUIREMENT
TAKEN BODY INTAKE (Kshs)
APPLIED SCIENCE DEPARTMENT
Diploma in Analytical Chemistry 3 years KCSE Mean grade C- (Minus) And D+(Plus) in KNEC Jan & 18,000
Chemistry Sept  
Diploma in Applied Biology 3 years KCSE Mean grade C- (Minus) And D+(Plus) in KNEC Sept   18,000
Biology
Diploma in Environmental Science and technology 3 years KCSE Mean grade C- (Minus) And D+(Plus) in KNEC Jan & 18,000
Biology & Chemistry Sept  
Diploma in Sustainable Agriculture and rural 3 years KCSE Mean grade C- (Minus) And D+(Plus) in KNEC Jan & 18,000
development Biology & Chemistry Sept  
Diploma in Applied Statistics 3 years KCSE Mean grade C- (Minus) And D+(Plus) in KNEC Sept   18,000
Mathematics
Diploma in general agriculture 3 years KCSE Mean grade C- (Minus) And D+(Plus) in KNEC Sept   18,000
any two sciences
Certificate in general agriculture 2 years KCSE Mean grade D (Plain) And D(Plain) in any KNEC Sept   18,000
two sciences
Certificate in Sustainable Agriculture 2 years KCSE Mean grade D (Plain) KIST Jan 18,000
Certificate in Science Laboratory Technology 2 years KCSE Mean grade D (Plain) and D(Plain) in two KNEC May 18,000
sciences
BAKING TECHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT
Diploma in Baking Technology 3 years KCSE Mean grade C- (Minus) KNEC Sept 18,000
Diploma in food nutrition and dietetics 3 years KCSE Mean grade C- (Minus) KNEC Sep 18,000
Certificate in Baking Technology (Modular) 2 years KCSE Mean grade D (Plain) KNEC Sept 18,000
Artisan in Baking Technology 1 year KCSE Mean grade D-(Minus) KIST Sept 25,000
BUILDING AND CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
Diploma in Architecture (Modular) 3 years KCSE Mean grade C- (Minus) And D+(Plus) in KNEC May & 18,000
Mathematics and Physics/Physical Sciences Sept
Diploma in Building Technology (Modular) 3 years KCSE Mean grade C- (Minus) And D+(Plus) in KNEC May/ 18,000
Mathematics and Physics/Physical Sciences Sept
Diploma in Civil Engineering (Modular) 3 years KCSE Mean grade C- (Minus) And D+(Plus) in KNEC May & 18,000
Mathematics and Physics/Physical Sciences Sept
Diploma in Quantity Surveying 3 years KCSE Mean grade C- (Minus) And D+(Plus) in KNEC Sept 18,000
Mathematics and Physics/Physical Sciences
Certificate in Building Technology (Modular) 2 years KCSE Mean grade D(Plain) and D- (Minus) in KNEC May 18,000
Mathematics
Certificate in Carpentry and Joinery 2 years KCSE Mean grade D(Plain) and D- (Minus) in KNEC May 18,000
Mathematics
Certificate in Plumbing 2 years KCSE Mean grade D(Plain) and D- (Minus) in KNEC May 18,000
Mathematics
Artisan in Masonry 5 terms KCSE Mean grade D-(Minus) and D-(Minus) in KNEC May 18,000
Mathematics
Duration:  3  years  
Intake  in  JANUARY  

3.DIPLOMA  IN  EARLY  CHILDHOOD  DEV.  EDUCATION  (ECDE)  


BUSINESS, ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND SOCIAL STUDIES DEPARTMENT
Higher DiplomaENTRY   REQUIREMENTS:  
in Human C  Plain  and  above  
Resource Management 2 years Diploma in Human Resource Management KNEC Sept 13,000
Diploma in Entrepreneurship Development (Modular) 3 years KCSE Mean grade C- (Minus) KNEC Sept 13,000
Diploma inDuration:  
Banking 2  years   3 years KCSE Mean grade C- (Minus) KNEC Jan 13,000
Diploma in Business Management (Modular) 3 years KCSE Mean grade C- (Minus) KNEC Sept 13,000
Diploma in Counseling Psychology (Modular) 3 years KCSE Mean grade C- (Minus) KNEC Jan 13,000
Intake  in  JANUARY  
Diploma in Human Resource Management (Modular) 3 years KCSE Mean grade C- (Minus) KNEC Sept 13,000
Diploma in Social work &Community Development 3 years KCSE Mean grade C- (Minus) KNEC Sept 13,000
(Modular)  
Diploma in Supply Chain Management (Modular) 3 years KCSE Mean grade C- (Minus) KNEC Sept 13,000
Diploma inWE   Oand
Sales FFER   ALSO  S(Modular)
Marketing CHOOL  BASED  FOR    ECDE  
3 yearsCOURSES  
KCSE IN  
Mean APRIL,   AC-
grade UGUST  
(Minus) &  DECEMBER  HOLIDAYS  
KNEC Sept 13,000
Diploma in   Secretarial Studies (Modular) 3 years KCSE Mean grade C- (Minus) KNEC Sept 13,000
Certificate in Business Management (Modular) 2 years KCSE Mean grade D (Plain) KNEC Sept 13000
Certificate in Human Resource Management (Modular) 2 years KCSE Mean grade D (Plain)   KNEC Sept 13,000
Certificate in Supply Chain Management (Modular) 2 years KCSE Mean grade D (Plain) KNEC Sept 13,000
Certificate in Social work &Community Development
Certificate in Sales and Marketing (Modular)
2 years
2 years
KCSE Mean grade D (Plain)
ACCOMMODATION  AVAILABLE  IN  KNEC
KCSE Mean grade D (Plain)
KNEC
 
COLLEGE Sept Sept 13,000
13,000
Certificate in Secretarial Studies (Modular) 2 years KCSE Mean grade D (Plain) KNEC Sept 13,000
Accounting   Technician Certificate 1 year KCSE D+ and ATC I respectively (KASNEB KASNEB Jan & 14,670
Registration) July
Certified Public Accountant (six sections) 6 months KCSE C+ and C+ in EnglishKIAMBU & MathematicsINSTITUTE
and KASNEB OFJan SCIENCE
& AND
14,670
  per CPA part I or ATC level II respectively July
section (KASNEB Registration)
TECHNOLOGY
  COMPUTER DEPARTMENT  
Diploma in Information Communication Technology 3 years KCSE Mean grade C- (Minus) and D+(Plus) in KNEC Jan & 18,000
(Modular)   Mathematics Sept
Diploma in Computer Studies 3 years KCSEP .Mean O .grade B oC-x (Minus)
414-0 and 09 0 0 Kini a m b uKNEC
D+(Plus) , K e n y a Sept 18,000
Mathematics  
Certificate  in Information
Tel: Communication
020 3522550, 0734 207663,
Technology 2 years 0727 807713;
KCSE Mean grade Email:
D(Plain) andprincipal@kist.ac.ke
D (Plain) in KNEC Jan & 18,000
(Modular) mathematics Sept
International Computer Driving License 20hrs Basic literacy ICDL Jan & Ksh 30,000
per mod May for seven
  modules
ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
Diploma in Electrical &Electronics Engineering (Power 3 years KCSE Mean grade C- (Minus) And D+(Plus) in KNEC Jan & 18,000
 
option) (Modular)
    Mathematics and Physics/Physical Sciences
    Sept  
Diploma inKIST is&Electronics
Electrical a non-Denominational
Engineering Technical,
3 years Vocational
KCSE Mean &grade Entrepreneurship
C- (Minus) And D+(Plus) Training
in (TVET)
KNEC Institute Jan & under the Ministry of
18,000
registered
(Telecommunication institution
option) (Modular) to offer Technical, Vocational and and
Mathematics Entrepreneurial Training as per the Ministry
Physics/Physical Sciences of Education Act and T
Sept  
Diploma in Electrical &Electronics Engineering 3 years
the following
(Instrumentation option) (Modular) TVET Diploma, Certificate and KCSE
Artisan Mean grade C- (Minus) And D+(Plus) in
Mathematics courses.  
and Physics/Physical Sciences
KNEC Jan &
Sept  
18,000

Certificate in Electrical &Electronics Engineering (Power 2 years KCSE Mean grade D(Plain) and D (Plain) in KNEC Sept   18,000
option) (Modular) Mathematics and a science subject
Certificate in Electrical &Electronics Engineering 2 years KCSE Mean grade D(Plain) and D (Plain) in KNEC Sept   18,000
(Telecom option) (Modular) Mathematics and a science subject
Artisan in Electrical Installation 5 terms KCSE Mean grade D-(Minus) and D-(Minus) in KNEC May 18,000
Mathematics
KNEC  EXAMINED  BUSINESS  AND  TECHNICAL   C OURSES  
HOSPITALITY DEPARTMENT
 
Diploma in Food & Beverage (Modular) 3 years KCSE Mean grade C- (Minus) KNEC Sept 18,000
Certificate in Food &Beverage (Modular) 2 years KCSE Mean grade D (Plain) KNEC Sept 18,000
KIST IS AN EQUAL OPPORTUNITY TRAINING INSTITUTION AND STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES ARE ENCOURAGED TO APPLY.
KIST IS AN EQUAL OPPORTUNITY TRAINING INSTITUTION AND STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES ARE ENCOURAGED TO APPLY.
KNEC  EXAMINED  BUSINESS  AND  TECHNICAL  COURSES    
38  Kenya National Examinations Council
NOTES

“On the frontline in Quality Assessment and Examinations” 39


Kenya National Examinations Council
P.O. Box 73598 - 00200 Nairobi, Kenya Tel: +254-20-341050/27 Fax: +254-020-2226032 Email: info@knec.ac.ke Website: www.knec.ac.ke

“On the frontline in Quality Assessment and Examinations”