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Index

Measurement1 Perimeter

Measurement1 Perimeter

1 ToolBar 5th icon. Do polygon/triangle(3 Pts & clicks then back to start) ABC

2 ToolBar 8th icon. Do Distance/length for each side to get their lengths. Add for the Perimeter.

3 Activity: use 1st icon Move/drag sides to make the perimeter approximately 10 units

4 ToolBar 5th icon. Do polygon/quadrilateral(4 Pts & clicks then back to start) DEFG

5 ToolBar 8th icon. Drop Down. Do Distance/length for each side to get their lengths. Add for the

Perimeter.

6 Activity: use 1st icon Move/drag sides to make the perimeter approximately 20 units

Questions

Use 5th icon regular polygons to make an equilateral triangle. Use 8th icon to measure sides.

Then drag A or B to adjust length to make the triangle’s perimeter about 30 units.

Measurement2 Rectangle Area and Perimeter

Have Grid ON

2 do Perpendicular at A and at B Use 4th icon

3 do point C on perpendicular from B Use 32nd icon

4 do Parallel to AB at C Use 4th icon

5 do point where the parallel cuts the perpendicular from A Use 2nd icon

6 hide 2 perpendiculars and the parallel (use right click/ untick “show object”)

7 do intervals B to C; C to D and D to A Use 3rd icon

8 Measure angles in rectangle Use 8th icon

9 Measure Distance/length of the sides Use 8th icon

10 move/drag points A, B or C to vary the rectangle Use 1st icon

(to show area use 8th icon)

Questions

What are the dimensions of 2 different rectangles …

..With an area of 20

..With a perimeter of 20

Measurement3 Triangle Area and Perimeter

Have Grid ON

2 do a point C on AB Use 2nd icon

3 do a perpendicular line at C Use 4th icon

4 do a Point on the Perpendicular (D) Use 2nd icon

5 do intervals joining A to D and joining B to D Use 3rd icon

6 do an Interval joining C to D Use 3rd icon

7 measure angle BCD Use 8th icon

8 measure distance/length of CD (height) and AB (base) Use 8th icon

9 measure Area of triangle Use 8th icon

drag points and lines Use 1st icon

Questions

Make 2 different triangles with these areas

..area = 40. What is your base and height for each triangle?

..area = 25. What is your base and height for each triangle?

Make 2 triangles: with Height CD, past point A or Point B.

Draw the triangles & show each height, base and area

Measurement4 Parallelogram Area and Perimeter

Have Grid ON

2. ToolBar 2nd icon. Do point C (under interval AB)

3. ToolBar 4th icon Drop-down. Do 2 parallels: Through Point C parallel to AB;

2nd parallel is through point B & parallel to AC

5. Hide 2 parallels: right-click each; un-tick “show object”

7. ToolBar 2nd icon Do a Point on CD (Pt E)

9. ToolBar. 2nd icon Do a Point where perpendicular cuts top AB

10. hide the perpendicular (right click untick “showlabel”) & Use 3rd icon to do interval EF (height)

12. ToolBar 8th icon drop-down. Do Distance/length for the base CD (or AB)

note: To Hide an angle-size or side length: right click a green angle/side;

Then Un-tick “show label” in the menu (hides the angle’s or side’s size)

note: do not drag corner B past the corner C, etc

Questions

Make 2 parallelograms with

(i) area = 20 What are the base and height of each?

(ii) area = 25 What are the base and height of each?

Measurement5 Rhombus Area and Perimeter

Have Grid ON

1 ToolBar. 7th icon. Do Circle (click A for centre; then drag & click for outside circumference)

2 ToolBar. 2nd icon. Do new Point C on outside of circle :

3 ToolBar. 3rd icon. Do Intervals AB & AC

4 ToolBar. 4th icon. Do 2 Parallels :1st through B parallel to AC; 2nd is through C & parallel to AB

5 ToolBar. 2nd icon. Do Point D at intersection of the 2 parallels just drawn

6 Hide the 2 parallels drawn; For each parallel, Right click; then un-tick”show object”

7 ToolBar. 3rd icon drop-down. Do intervals CD & BD to complete the Rhombus (check all 4 sides are

equal )

9 ToolBar. 8th icon drop down. Length/Distance each diagonal of the rhombus AD and BC

10 ToolBar. 8th icon Do Area of rhombus

11 ToolBar.1st icon. Move/Drag point B or point A

Then Un-tick “show label” in the menu (hides the angle’s size)

note: do not drag corner B past the corner C, etc

note: you can hide the circle (right click circle; then un-tick “show object”)

Questions

How do we use the diagonals to find the area of a rhombus?

Make 2 different rhombus with these areas

(i) area = 20 Give the lengths of the 2 diagonals and do sketch

(ii) area = 30 Give the lengths of the 2 diagonals and do sketch

Measurement6 Trapezium Area and Perimeter

Have Grid ON

2 do a point C above AB; use 2nd icon

3 do a parallel to AB at C ; use 4th icon

4 do a new Point D on the Parallel; use 2nd icon

5 do intervals joining A to C and joining B to D to complete the trapezium; use 3rd icon

6 do a new point E on base AB; use 2nd icon

7 do a right Angle Perpendicular on AB at E ; use 4th icon

8 do a Point F where the Perpendicular cuts the top parallel ; use 2nd icon

9 do an Interval joining E to F (height of trapezium); use 3rd icon

10 measure distance/length AB (base) and EF (height); use 8th icon

11 measure Area of trapezium; use 8th icon

Move/drag points to vary the Top, Base and Height; use 1st icon

Questions

How do we use the Top, the Base and the Height to find the area of a Trapezium?

Make 2 different Trapezia with these areas

(iii) area = 20 Give the lengths of the Top, the Base and the Height and do sketch

(iv) area = 30 Give the lengths of the the Top, the Base and the Height and do sketch

Measurement7 Regular Pentagon Area and Perimeter

Have Grid ON

1 use 5th icon. Do a regular Polygon/pentagon ( click 2 vertices then dialogue box =5 sides)

2 use 8th icon. measure the distance/length of the 5 sides

3 use 1st icon. use move/drag to vary the equal sides

Questions

How would you split a pentagon? What 2 simpler shapes can be joined to make a pentagon. Do a diagram

Can you do a regular hexagon? What are the angles and the angle sum?

Can you do a regular octagon? What are the angles and the angle sum?

Measurement 8: Circles1. Finding Pi Use Geogebra to make the file

Use CIRCLES tool & Draw 3 circles: small medium big (click for centre, then click for outside of circle)

Use LINE INTERVAL tool : draw radius for each circle (centre point to outside point)

Use DISTANCE measure tool: click circumference & click radius for each circle

CIRCLE CIRCUMFERENCE DIAMETER Circum divided by Diam

small

medium

big

Measure its radius: predict its circumference using the special number; check it’s right (measure circumference)

What is the special number you use to work out circles

What is it called? What is its special symbol? Where is it on the calculator?

Measurement9 Circles 2. Circumference Formula Use Geogebra to make the file

Use CIRCLES tool & Draw 3 circles: small medium big (click for centre, then click for outside of circle)

Use LINE INTERVAL tool : draw radius for each circle (centre point to outside point)

Use DISTANCE measure tool: click circumference & click radius for each circle

CIRCLE CIRCUMFERENCE RADIUS 2 x PI x RADIUS

small

medium

big

Measure its radius: predict its circumference using 2 x PI x Radius; check it’s right (measure circumference)

Conclusions:

How can you work out a circle’s circumference if you have the Radius?

How can you work out a circle’s circumference if you have the Diameter?

What is PI? What is its special symbol? Where is it on the calculator? What is it used for?

Measurement10: Circles 3. Area use Geogebra

1 Use 6th icon symbol

Use CIRCLES tool & Draw 3 circles: small medium big (click for centre, then click for outside of circle)

Use LINE INTERVAL tool : draw radius for each circle (centre point to outside point)

Use DISTANCE measure tool: click click radius for each circle

CIRCLE RADIUS RADIUS^2 PI x RADIUS^2 AREA OF CIRCLE

small

medium

big

What do you see about the AREA & the result of Pi x Radius^2?

Measure its radius: predict its Area using PI x Radius^2; check it’s right (measure AREA)

Conclusion:

How can you work out a circle’s AREA if you have the Radius?

How do you get radius squared on your calculator?

Measurement11: Circles 4. Sectors. What is a sector? Area. Use Geogebra

1 Use 6th icon symbol; 2nd last in drop down menu

Use CIRCLE SECTOR tool & Draw 1 SECTOR: (click centre, then move out & click; drag to 1/2 full.circle.

Use LINE INTERVAL tool : draw radius for the circle the sector comes from (centre point to an outside point)

Use DISTANCE measure tool: click the radius for the circle the sector comes from.

Use AREA measure tool: click Outside of the Sector of the circle

SECTOR Fraction of Angle at Radius of full Area of Full Circle Area of the Sector

full circle centre of circle

Sector

Half circle

Quarter Circle

Draw another Sector; measure the angle at the centre; and Measure its radius:

Predict its Area using a Fraction of its Full Circle; check it’s right (measure AREA)

Conclusion:

How can you work out a Sector’s AREA if you have the Angle or fraction?

How can you work out a Sector’s ARC (circumference) if you have the Angle or fraction?

Measurement12 Rectangular Prism net (no lid)

Have Grid ON

Do full steps below for net …OR… For easier version. use joined points & intervals. See Measurement12B

2. do perpendicular at A to AB Use 4th icon

3. do Point on this perpendicular below A: Pt C Use 2nd icon

4. do perpendicular at C to AC Use 4th icon

5. do perpendicular at B to AB Use 4th icon

6. do Point at Intersection of the 2 perpendiculars: Pt D Use 2nd icon

8. do point on AB to right of B: point F Use 2nd icon

9. do perpendicular at E to AB Use 4th icon

10. do perpendicular at F to AB Use 4th icon

11. do Point at Intersection of the perpendicular from C with CD line: Pt G Use 2nd icon

12. do Point at Intersection of the perpendicular from D with CD line: Pt H Use 2nd icon

14. do point on AC Above A: point J Use 2nd icon

15. do perpendicular at I to AC Use 4th icon

16. do perpendicular at J to AC Use 4th icon

17. do Point at Intersection of the perpendicular from I with BD line: Pt K Use 2nd icon

18. do Point at Intersection of the perpendicular from J with BD line: Pt L Use 2nd icon

19. hide all lines (via “object Properties” : for all lines: untick “show object”)

20. join points around outside & Base ABDC with Intervals. Then Move/drag vertices so net will join properly

Questions :Move/drag vertices to make nets with these dimensions. Find the closed solids surface area

(i) base = 3 x 2; height = 1

(ii) base = 2 x 2; height = 3

(iii) cube with all sides =2

Measurement12B Rectangular Prism net (no lid). Easier version

Have Grid ON

Easier Alternative: Net (with no drag). Just points & intervals: Base = 3 x 4 height = 2

Enter coordinates of points via the Input Bar (at bottom of Geogebra screen)

(4,6) (8,6) (8,3) (4,3)

(4,8) (8,8) and (4,1) (8,1)

(2,6) (2,3) and (10,6) (10,3)

4. Use 3rd Icon for Intervals joining 2 points, to join points to form the lines for the net (see below)

Questions

Can you find the surface area of this rectangular prism?

Can you move points so the height is 3 units? So the Base is 2 x 5 units?

Can you make it into a cube?

Can you add a lid? Where can you attach the lid?

Use the Isometric grid in geogebra to make a rectangular prism with base =2 x 3, & height = 4

Have Grid ON (for easier version just use points & intervals. See Measurement13B )

2 do perpendicular at A to AB Use 4th icon

3 do Point on this perpendicular below A: Pt C Use 2nd icon

4 do perpendicular at C to AC Use 4th icon

5 do perpendicular at B to AB Use 4th icon

6 do Point at Intersection of the 2 perpendiculars: Pt D Use 2nd icon

8 do point on AB to right of B: point F Use 2nd icon

9 do perpendicular at E to AB Use 4th icon

10 do perpendicular at F to AB Use 4th icon

11 do Point at Intersection of the perpendicular from C with CD line: Pt G Use 2nd icon

12 .do Point at Intersection of the perpendicular from D with CD line: Pt H Use 2nd icon

14. join A to I with Interval Use 3rd icon

15. do point on DB below D: point J Use 2nd icon

16. join C to J with Interval Use 3rd icon

17 hide all lines (via “object Properties”: all lines: untick “show object”)

18 join points around outside & base ABDC with Intervals. Move/drag vertices so net will join properly

Questions

Which sides join together and must be the same length to fit properly to make the triangular Prism

Move/drag vertices to make nets with these dimensions

(i) base = 3 x 2; triangular end height = 1

(ii) base = 2 x 2; triangular end height = 3

Make the net have an Isosceles triangular end? Draw an Isosceles end prism using geogebra isometric grid.

Find the closed solids’ surface areas

Easier Alternative: see 13B

Measurement13B Triangular Prism net (Right triangles at ends). Easier Plot-Points version

Have Grid ON

Enter coordinates of points via the Input Bar (at bottom of Geogebra screen)

(5,6) (5,7) (9,7) (9,5)

(5,10) (5,2)

(2,5) (2,7)

(14,5) (14,7)

5. Use 3rd Icon for Intervals joining 2 points, to join points to form the lines for the net (see below)

Questions

Find the surface area of this net for a triangular prism.

You can count squares in the diagram, or use formulas for areas of rectangles & triangles shown.

Which sides join to other sides when you fold up the net? Are the joining sides the same lengths?

Can you modify this net? Move points to make the base smaller. Change the triangles & 2 rectangles to fit

Can you do a different type of triangular prism net? With Isosceles triangles at the sides/ends

Use the geogebra isometric grid to draw a 3d perspective image of the triangular prism

Measurement14 Cylinder

Have Grid ON (for easier version, just use points & intervals, with the 2 circles. See Measurement14B )

2 do perpendicular at A to AB. Use 4th icon

3 do Point on this perpendicular below A: Pt C .Use 2nd icon

4 do perpendicular at C to AC. Use 4th icon

5 do perpendicular at B to AB. Use 4th icon

6 do Point at Intersection of the 2 perpendiculars: Pt D. Use 2nd icon

7 hide all lines (via “object Properties”: all lines: untick “show object”)

8 join points around rectangular section (curved surface) ABDC with Intervals. Use 3rd icon

Can Move/drag vertices Use 1st icon

9. measure distance/length of top and bottom AB & CD. Use 8th icon

10 do mid-point of top AB and bottom CD. Use 2nd icon Pts E and F

11 do straight line through mid-points ( E & F). Use 3rd icon

12 do top circle with centre through point above AB, on the MidPoints-Line EF. Use 6th icon

13 measure circumference of circle using Distance/length. Use 8th icon

14 drag centre G so circle touches top AB; & Drag Pt H on outside so circumference = length AB. Use 1st

15

16 Repeat steps 12,13,14 for bottom circle with centre on EF, under CD

17 You can hide the MidPoints-Line (via “object properties & Untick “show object)

Questions Make these nets for cylinders. Find the closed cylinders’ surface areas:

(i) curved surface rectangle: width = 4 base = 5; so top & bottom circles have circumference = 4

(ii) Use C = 2 x pi x radius to get the circle circumference & rectangle width, if top circle has radius = 2

Measurement14B Cylinder. Easier version using points & intervals, with the 2 circles

Have Grid ON

Enter coordinates of points via the Input Bar (at bottom of Geogebra screen)

(3,7) (15,7) (15,4) (3,4)

Click centre point (9,9). Then drag out and click so circle touches rectangle

Click centre point (9,2). Then drag out and click so circle touches rectangle

4. Use 3rd Icon for Intervals joining 2 points, to join points to form the rectangle lines ABCD

5.

Questions

Find the surface area of this net for a cylinder;

You can count squares in the diagram, or use formulas for areas of rectangles & circles shown.

Is the circle’s circumference the same as the rectangle side it joins to? (Make AB & CD exactly right)

Can you modify this net? Move points to make AB & CD smaller. Change the circles sizes to fit (Pts F & H)

What happens if you make the cylinder taller? (longer AD & CB).

Do you need to change the circles’ positions? The circles’ size?

Have Grid ON: Use the grid to place points appropriately. Count squares for lengths

2. do an isosceles triangle on each side with height =3.

3. do midpoints of each side of the base ; from each mid-point, do height = 3 & mark apex (top) point

4. do intervals joining apex of triangular face to ends of base

5. measure angles made by intervals with base of triangular faces( face slant height)

6. use Pythagoras to figure out the length of the triangular face SlantHeight

Questions

Vary the diagram (drag vertices ) so the base is a rectangle.

Will the 4 triangle face be the same? What do you know will be different about the faces

Find the solids surface area

Have Grid ON: Use the grid to place points appropriately.

Enter coordinates of points via the Input Bar (at bottom of Geogebra screen)

(5,5 ) (7,5) (7,3) (5,3)

(6,7) (9,4) (6,1) (3,4)

to join points to form the rectangle base ABCD

and the 4 triangular faces

Mark the Mid Point of each side of the base (use 2nd icon/Mid Point)

Join each Mid-Point of each Base-side to the top of its joined triangle-face by an Interval (3rd icon)

Questions

Can you find the length of the triangle faces’ slant heights from the diagram?

Can you make the pyramid’s base a square = 3 x 3?

Can you make the base a rectangle = 2 x 3? Would the triangle-faces have different or same Slant heights?

Which triangle-faces have the same slant heights? Which have different slant heights?

Make a pyramid with base = 2 x 3 and slant heights = 3 and 4.

(The longer base sides have joined triangles with the shorter slant height)

Have Grid ON (3D perspective diagram)

1 do 4 sides of a parallelogram (as base ABCD of Rectangular Pyramid). Use grid to place points

2 do a point above AB (to be Apex of Pyramid). Pt E

3 join apex Point E to the 4 corners of the base: do Intervals EA EB EC ED . Use 3rd icon

4 do mid points of 4 sides Use 2nd icon

5 do intervals to join Opposite mid-points: join G to H; and F to I. use 3rd icon

6 do point for intersection of the midpoint joining lines: GH & FI (middle of base)

7 do interval joining apex E to Middle of base point J (height of Pyramid)

8 do interval joining apex E to F (midPoint of base BD of triangular face EBD):Slant Height of face

note: for right pyramids, the line joining the apex to the face base midpoint, will be perpendicular

(Due to perspective, angles don’t measure as 90 degrees )

Questions

Drag Apex E left and right to see different orientations; up and down for different heights

If the base = square (each side =8) and pyramid-height = 3, use Pythagoras to figure the slant height

Find the solids surface area

Have Grid ON (3D perspective diagram)

2. do line through Focii A & B. Use 3rd icon

3. do intersection points of line and ellipse: Points D & E. Use 2nd icon

4. hide line through AB and hide Points A & B; Use right click

5. do interval joining D & E. Use 3rd icon

6. do perpendicular bisector of DE. Use 4th icon

7. do point on the perpendicular bisector, F. Use 2nd icon

8. do intervals joining F to D and F to E. Use 3rd icon

9. hide FG if desired; use right click on FG

10. drag F to vary height; drag C to vary the orientation of the circular base . Use 1st icon (move)

Questions

FE is slant height of cone. Find FE if radius of circular base = 8 and cone height = 6

Have Grid ON (3D perspective diagram)

2. do 2 Points D and E (below triangle). Use 2nd icon

3. do Vector line between 2 points D and E. Use 3rd icon.

4. do Translation of triangle by vector Line. 9Use th icon.

5. do Intervals joining matching corners: A to A’; B to B’; C to C’. Use 3rd icon

6. measure area of end triangle. Use 8th icon

7. measure distance/length of CC’ between the 2 ends of the Reguar prism. Use 8th icon

8. drag A,B or C to vary the end triangles. Drag vector DE to vary distance between the triangular ends

9. to calculate Prism Volume use volume = end-area x distance between the ends

Questions

Can you re-do the figure with a quadrilateral ABCD at the end instead of triangle ABC? (just vary step 1)

Have Grid ON (3D perspective diagram). Use grid to place points appropriately

2. Place another 4 points which make 3 x 5 rectangle, (which overlaps the 1st rectangle) EFGH

3. do intervals which join the points to make a rectangular prism (top & base; Left & right sides)

4. find the middle of the top of the prism (intersection point of the 2 diagonals of the top) I

5. do a pyramid inside the rectangular prism

by doing intervals to join each corner of the base to the middle of the top, Point I

drag Points A,B,G & E UP to vary the height . Use 1st icon to move

if you drag A,B,G or E left or right you must also vary the base CDEF, to match the top

Questions

What is the height of the Pyramid in the rectangular prism? What is its base length and width?

Compare the volumes of the rectangular Prism and the matching pyramid

Isometric 3D drawings in geogebra Graphics/right click/grid/isometric

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