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Bonus Homework 2 Begin Date: 1/25/2018 2:01:00 PM -- Due Date: 2/6/2018 11:59:00 PM End Date: 2/6/2018 11:59:00 PM

Problem 1 - 23.1.2 :

Problem 2 - 23.1.10 :

Full solution not currently available at this time.

A circular loop of radius R = 3 cm is centered at the origin where there is a constant electric field

E = Exi + Eyj.

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R 2 20 1 3

Ex 10 100 1 11

Ey 100 200 1 101

Part (a) What is the flux through the loop, in Nm2/C, when the loop is oriented so that its normal vector is in the

x-direction?

2 hints available

Φ1 = 11*(3.14159*(3/100)^2)

How is the flux related to the electric field?

Φ1 = 11*(3.14159*(3/100)^2) Why does it matter what direction the normal vector

Φ1 = 0.0311 of the loop is in?

Buffer + or - 0.000933

Part (b) What is the flux through the loop, in Nm2/C, when the loop is oriented so that its normal vector is in the

negative y-direction?

2 hints available

Φ2 = -101*3.14159*(3/100)^2

How is the flux related to the electric field?

Φ2 = -101*3.14159*(3/100)^2 Why does it matter what direction the normal vector

Φ2 = -0.285570531 of the loop is in?

Buffer + or - 0.00856711593

Part (c) What is the flux through the loop, in Nm2/C, when the loop is oriented so that its normal vector is in the

positive z-direction?

Correct Algorithm: Φ3 = 0

3 hints available

Φ3 = 0

How is the flux related to the electric field?

Φ3 = 0 Why does it matter what direction the normal vector

Φ3 = 0 of the loop is in?

Buffer + or - 0 Is there a component of the electric field in the

z-direction?

Problem 3 - c23.3.2 :

Full solution not currently available at this time.

The three spheres in the figure have the same

uniformly distributed charge Q. Concentric with

each sphere is a spherical Gaussian surface, all

three of the same radius R.

Variable Sample

Min Max Step

Name Value

Part (a) Rank these spheres, largest to smallest, according to the electric field at any point on the Gaussian surfaces.

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Correct MultipleChoice: They all have the same magnitude of the electric field.

1 hints available

1-2-3

Credit: 25 Gauss's law tells us that the electric field at any point

Feedback: on the surface is only due to the size of the surface

and the charge contained within. How much charge is

Each sphere contains the same charge and the Gaussian

surfaces are the same size. contained within each surface?

3-2-1

Credit: 25

Feedback:

Each sphere contains the same charge and the Gaussian

surfaces are the same size.

2-1-3

Credit: 25

Feedback:

Each sphere contains the same charge and the Gaussian

surfaces are the same size.

Problem 4 - 23.3.1 :

Problem 5 - 23.3.7 :

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Problem 6 - 23.3.20 :

Full solution not currently available at this time.

An infinite conducting cylindrical shell of outer radius r1 = 0.10 m and inner radius r2 = 0.08 m initially

carries a surface charge density -0.4 μC/m2. A thin wire, with linear charge density 1.1 μC/m, is inserted

along the shells' axis. The shell and the wire do not touch and these is no charge exchanged between

them.

sigma -0.5 -0.1 0.1 -0.4

lambda 1 1.5 0.1 1.1

Part (a) What is the new surface charge density, in microcoulombs per square meter, on the inner surface of the

cylindrical shell?

1 hints available

σ2 = -(1.98944)*1.1

The electric field inside the conducting cylinder

σ2 = -(1.98944)*1.1 must be zero. What is the net charge a Gaussian

σ2 = -2.188 surface inside the cylinder must enclose?

Buffer + or - 0.06564

Part (b) What is the new surface charge density, in microcoulombs per square meter, on the outer surface of the

cylindrical shell?

σ1 = -0.4+(1.59155)*1.1

σ1 = -0.4+(1.59155)*1.1

σ1 = 1.351

Buffer + or - 0.04053

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2 hints available

the inner surface, how does that affect the charge

density of the outer surface?

Note that the original change density is the charge

on the outside of the cylinder, and you've added

some charge to the system because of the extra

wire.

Part (c) Enter an expression for the magnitude of the electric field outside the cylinder (r > 0.1 m), in terms of λ, σ, r1,

r, and ε0.

1 hints available

Valid Choices:

Can you determine the net charge enclosed by a

λ, 2, π, σ, r1, 2, ε0, π, r,

cylindrical Gaussian surface in the region of

interest? Note the net charge on the cylinder is

negative and the net charge on the wire is positive.

Partial Credit Choices with Feedback:

InValid Choices:

t, α, m, θ, g, d, β, h, P,

Problem 7 - c24.1.1 :

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Problem 8 - c24.2.2 :

Full solution not currently available at this time.

Since an electron has a negative charge, it will move in an electromagnetic field under the Coulomb

force.

Part (a) When an electron moves in the opposite direction as the direction of the electric field, we can conclude that:

Correct MultipleChoice: It moves from a low potential to a high potential, and its electric energy decreases.

2 hints available

It moves from a low potential to a high potential, and

Recall that the direction of the electric field is defined

its electric energy increases.

to be the direction that a positive charge would move.

Credit: 25

Feedback: To work out the change in energy, recall how force

and potential are related in the gravitational field.

Recall that the electric field points in the direction of

motion of a positive charge. And, like the gravitational Moving in the same direction as the field causes an

field, the electric field points in the direction of object to lose gravitational energy.

decreasing potential energy.

It moves from a high potential to a low potential, and

its electric energy increases.

Credit: 25

Feedback:

Recall that the electric field points in the direction of

motion of a positive charge. And, like the gravitational

field, the electric field points in the direction of

decreasing potential energy.

It moves from a high potential to a low potential, and

its electric energy decreases.

Credit: 25

Feedback:

Recall that the electric field points in the direction of

motion of a positive charge. And, like the gravitational

field, the electric field points in the direction of

decreasing potential energy.

Both its electric potential and electric potential

energy stay constant.

Credit: 25

Feedback:

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of the action of the electric field, you know that its

energy could not have remained constant.

Problem 9 - c24.2.1 :

Full solution not currently available at this time.

Since a proton has a positive charge, it will move in an electromagnetic field under the Coulomb force.

Part (a) When a proton moves in the same direction as the electric field is pointing, we can conclude that:

Correct MultipleChoice: It moves from a high potential to a low potential and its electric energy decreases.

2 hints available

It moves from a low potential to a high potential, and

its electric energy increases. Recall that the direction of the electric field is defined

to be the direction that a positive charge would move.

Credit: 25

Feedback: To work out the change in energy, recall how force

Recall that the electric field points in the direction of and potential are related in the gravitational field.

motion of a positive charge. And, like the gravitational Moving in the same direction as the field causes an

field, the electric field points in the direction of object to lose gravitational energy.

decreasing potential energy.

It moves from a low potential to a high potential and

its electric energy decreases.

Credit: 25

Feedback:

Recall that the electric field points in the direction of

motion of a positive charge. And, like the gravitational

field, the electric field points in the direction of

decreasing potential energy.

It moves from a high potential to a low potential and

its electric energy increases.

Credit: 25

Feedback:

Recall that the electric field points in the direction of

motion of a positive charge. And, like the gravitational

field, the electric field points in the direction of

decreasing potential energy.

Both its electric potential and electric potential

energy stay constant.

Credit: 25

Feedback:

Why did the proton move at all? Since it moved because

of the action of the electric field, you know that its

energy could not have remained constant.

Problem 10 - 24.2.2 :

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Problem 11 - 24.2.9 :

Problem 12 - 24.2.12 :

Full solution not currently available at this time.

Consider the parallel-plate capacitor shown in the figure. The plate

separation is 1.1 mm and the the electric field inside is 11 N/C. An

electron is positioned halfway between the plates and is given some

initial velocity, vi.

Randomized Variables

d = 1.1 mm

E = 11 N/C

d 1 7 0.1 1.1

E 10 30 1 11

Part (a) What speed, in meters per second, must the electron have in order to make it to the negatively charged plate?

1 hints available

vi,a = (1.602*10^-19*11*1.1/1000/(9.109*10^-31))^0.5

Use conservation of energy with the condition that the

vi,a = (1.602*10^-19*11*1.1/1000/(9.109*10^-31))^0.5 final velocity will be zero at the negative plate if the

vi,a = 46130.545 charge will just get there.

Buffer + or - 1383.91635

Part (b) If the electron has half the speed needed to reach the negative plate, it will turn around and go towards the

positive plate. What will its speed be, in meters per second, when it reaches the positive plate in this case?

1 hints available

vf,b = ((5/4)*1.602*10^-19*11*1.1/1000/(9.11*10^-

Use conservation of energy again, using a different

31))^0.5

set of final and initial conditions.

vf,b = ((5/4)*1.602*10^-19*11*1.1/1000/(9.11*10^-

31))^0.5

vf,b = 51572.687

Buffer + or - 1547.18061

Problem 13 - c24.3.4 :

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Problem 14 - 24.3.2 :

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Problem 16 - 24.3.12 :

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Problem 17 - c24.4.2 :

Full solution not currently available at this time.

Some region of space contains a uniform electric field directed south with magnitude 100 V/m. At point

A the electric potential is 400 V.

Part (a) What is the electric potential at point B, which is 2 meters directly south of A?

1 hints available

400 V

Since the field is pointed south, a positive charge will

Credit: 25

Feedback: move south and the electric potential will decrease in

Since you are moving along the field lines, the potential that direction. The strength of the electric field tells

should decrease. you how much the potential will change if you move

along the field lines.

600 V

Credit: 25

Feedback:

Since you are moving along the field lines, the potential

should decrease, not increase.

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800 V

Credit: 25

Feedback:

Since you are moving along the field lines, the potential

should decrease, not increase.

There is not enough information given.

Credit: 25

Feedback:

You know the strength and direction of the electric field,

the potential at some reference point and the distance

from this reference point. There is enough information

here to answer the problem.

Problem 18 - c24.6.1 :

Problem 19 - 25.1.1 :

Problem 20 - 25.1.4 :

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Problem 21 - c25.2.1 :

Full solution not currently available at this time.

Two parallel-plate capacitors have the same plate area, but the plate gap in capacitor 1 is twice as big as

capacitor 2.

Part (a) If capacitance of the first capacitor is C, then capacitance of the second one is:

Correct MultipleChoice: 2C

1 hints available

C/2

Credit: 25 How does the gap between the plates of a capacitor

Feedback: change the capacitance?

A larger gap will decrease the capacitance, not increase.

C

Credit: 25

Feedback:

The gap changes the capacitance because it requires

more energy to transport charges across the gap.

C/4

Credit: 25

Feedback:

The capacitance is linearly depending on the gap size,

rather than to a particular power.

4C

Credit: 25

Feedback:

The capacitance is linearly depending on the gap size,

rather than to a particular power.

Problem 22 - c25.2.3 :

Full solution not currently available at this time.

Consider two air-filled parallel-plate capacitors with circular plates. Capacitor 1 has a distance between

plates d and plate radius R. Capacitor 2 has a distance between plates 2d and plate radius 2R.

Part (a) If the capacitance of capacitor 1 is C, then the capacitance of capacitor 2 is:

Correct MultipleChoice: 2C

C/2

Credit: 25

Feedback:

The larger area increases the capacitance, while the

large gap decreases it. You also need to take into

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account that we are increasing the radius, not the area 2 hints available

directly.

How does the gap between the plates and the area of

C the plates each affect the capacitance?

Credit: 25 One increases the capacitance and one decreases it.

Feedback: Also notice that we are increasing the radius here, not

The larger area increases the capacitance, while the the area.

large gap decreases it. You also need to take into

account that we are increasing the radius, not the area

directly.

C/4

Credit: 25

Feedback:

The larger area increases the capacitance, while the

large gap decreases it. You also need to take into

account that we are increasing the radius, not the area

directly.

4C

Credit: 25

Feedback:

The larger area increases the capacitance, while the

large gap decreases it. You also need to take into

account that we are increasing the radius, not the area

directly.

Problem 23 - 25.3.16 :

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Problem 24 - 25.3.12 :

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Problem 25 - 25.3.9 :

Full solution not currently available at this time.

Two uncharged capacitor with C1 = 15 μF and C2 = 15 μF are

connected in parallel to a battery with ε = 1.5 V.

c1 10 100 5 15

c2 10 100 5 15

e 1 10 0.5 1.5

1 hints available

Q1 = 15*1.5

Use the result of part (a).

Q1 = 15*1.5

Q1 = 22.5

Buffer + or - 0.675

0 hints available

Q2 = 15*1.5

Q2 = 15*1.5

Q2 = 22.5

Buffer + or - 0.675

Part (c) Express the total charge on the two capacitors in terms of C1, C2, and ε.

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Correct Equation: Q = ( C1 + C2 ) ε

1 hints available

Valid Choices:

ε, C1, ε, C2, It’s the sum of the charges on the two capacitors.

InValid Choices:

t, α, m, θ, g, d, β, h, P, i, j, k,

0 hints available

Ceq = 15+15

Ceq = 15+15

Ceq = 30

Buffer + or - 0.9

Problem 26 - 25.4.4 :

Problem 27 - 25.4.6 :

Problem 28 - c25.5.1 :

Full solution not currently available at this time.

A parallel-plate capacitor of capacitance C has plate area A and distance between plates d. The capacitor

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is connected to a battery with voltage V, fully charged and then disconnected. A slab of dielectric

material with dielectric constant 4.0 is then inserted into capacitor, completely filling region between

plates.

Correct MultipleChoice: 4C

2 hints available

2C

Credit: 25 How is the capacitance dependent on the dielectric

constant?

Feedback:

The capacitance is linearly dependent on the dielectric, The dielectric constant serves to increase the

so where did you get this factor of two? capacitance of the region between the plates.

C/2

Credit: 25

Feedback:

The capacitance is linearly dependent on the dielectric,

so where did you get this factor of two?

C

Credit: 25

Feedback:

The main characteristic of a dielectric is that is changes

the capacitance of a material (air, in this case). So, the

capacitance will certainly change.

C/4

Credit: 25

Feedback:

A dielectric increases the capacitance, rather than

decreasing it.

Part (b) After inserting the dielectric, the voltage across the capacitor is now:

1 hints available

2V

Notice that the battery has been disconnected, so the

Credit: 25

Feedback: voltage change is due to the change in capacitance

alone.

The voltage is linearly dependent on the capacitance,

which is linearly dependent on the dielectric constant.

Where did you get this factor of two?

V/2

Credit: 25

Feedback:

The voltage is linearly dependent on the capacitance,

which is linearly dependent on the dielectric constant.

Where did you get this factor of two?

V

Credit: 25

Feedback:

Since there is no battery connected, the voltage across

the capacitor depends solely on the capacitance, which

has changed according to part(a).

4V

Credit: 25

Feedback:

The increased capacitance should lead to a decreased

potential, not an increased one.

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Part (c) After inserting the dielectric, the charged stored in the capacitor is now:

Correct MultipleChoice: VC

1 hints available

2VC

Since there is no battery connected, there is no charge

Credit: 25

flowing through this circuit.

Feedback:

There is no charge flowing in this circuit, so the charge

on the capacitor must remain the same after inserting the

dielectric.

VC/2

Credit: 25

Feedback:

There is no charge flowing in this circuit, so the charge

on the capacitor must remain the same after inserting the

dielectric.

4VC

Credit: 25

Feedback:

There is no charge flowing in this circuit, so the charge

on the capacitor must remain the same after inserting the

dielectric.

VC/4

Credit: 25

Feedback:

There is no charge flowing in this circuit, so the charge

on the capacitor must remain the same after inserting the

dielectric.

Part (d) After inserting the dielectric, the electric field in the capacitor is now:

1 hints available

Twice as large.

The charge on the plates is remaining the same, while

Credit: 25

the capacitance and potential have changed. You will

Feedback:

The charge does not change, the increased capacitance need to work out the new electric field.

will increase the field, but the decreased potential will

decrease it. You will need to work out how these effects

all combine.

Half as large.

Credit: 25

Feedback:

The charge does not change, the increased capacitance

will increase the field, but the decreased potential will

decrease it. You will need to work out how these effects

all combine.

Four times as large.

Credit: 25

Feedback:

The charge does not change, the increased capacitance

will increase the field, but the decreased potential will

decrease it. You will need to work out how these effects

all combine.

The same.

Credit: 25

Feedback:

The charge does not change, the increased capacitance

will increase the field, but the decreased potential will

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decrease it. You will need to work out how these effects

all combine.

Problem 29 - 25.5.6 :

Problem 30 - 26.1.6 :

Problem 31 - 26.1.7 :

Problem 32 - c26.2.1 :

Full solution not currently available at this time.

Consider a resistor like the one shown in the figure, with the current moving in the

direction shown.

Correct MultipleChoice: Electric potential is higher at point a than electric potential at point b, and the

charges are moving with the same speeds at those points.

3 hints available

Electric potential at point a is lower than electric

potential at point b, and as a result charges are What does the direction tell you about the motion of

charges? Does the speed of the current depend on the

moving slower at point b.

physical parameters of the circuit (Which we don't

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Feedback: The direction of the current is the direction a positive

The resistance in the wire is zero (or constant), so the charge moves - what happens to the potential when a

speed of the current is the same at point (a) and point positive charge moves in an electric field?

(b). In addition, when a positive charge moves in an Outside of the resistor the resistance is zero (or at least

electric field it loses potential, rather than gaining it as constant, outside of the idealized situation). How does

you've specified. the drift speed of the current change on either side of

the resistor in this case?

Electric potential at point a is higher than electric

potential at point b, and as a result charges are

moving faster at point b.

Credit: 25

Feedback:

The resistance in the wire is zero (or constant), so the

speed of the current is the same at point (a) and point

(b).

Electric potential at point a is the same as electric

potential at point b, and as a result charges are

moving with the same speeds at those points.

Credit: 25

Feedback:

A resistor causes a potential drop as charges cross it.

Electric potential at point a is lower that electric

potential at point b, and the charges are moving with

the same speeds at those points.

Credit: 25

Feedback:

When a positive charge moves in an electric field it

loses potential, rather than gaining it.

Problem 33 - 26.2.5 :

Problem 34 - 26.2.9 :

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Problem 35 - 26.2.10 :

Problem 36 - 26.2.20 :

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Problem 37 - 26.3.13 :

Problem 38 - c26.6.1 :

Full solution not currently available at this time.

The voltage drop through resistors #1 and #2 is the same, but resistor #1 has two times greater

resistance than resistor #2.

1 hints available

Twice the power dissipated in resistor #2.

Credit: 25 How is the power dissipation in a resistor dependent

Feedback: on the resistance?

Since the first has a larger resistance, it will dissipate

less power, not more.

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Credit: 25

Feedback:

Since the resistances are different, these resistors will

dissipate different amounts of power.

Four times the power dissipated in resistor #2.

Credit: 25

Feedback:

Since the first has a larger resistance, it will dissipate

less power, not more.

¼ the power dissipated in resistor #2.

Credit: 25

Feedback:

The power dissipated depends linearly on the resistance.

Problem 39 - 26.6.1 :

Problem 40 - 26.6.10 :

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Problem 41 - 26.6.27 :

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