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HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF ARTS OLD KINGDOM 5 4.

Hellenistic Period (4th Century- 1st BC) 8


•The first stage of development of the Egyptian paintings. •heightened individualism, tragic mood, and contorted
-PAINTING •It was associated with their kind of worship and life after faces (lacaustic painting)
-SCULPTURE death
-ARCHITECTURE ROMAN PAINTING 9
MIDDLE KINGDOM •It depicted casual and relaxed figures reflecting ideal
PAINTING •2nd stage of development of Egyptian painting. beauty of the leisurely, educated, and well-bred life.
•2 This is an art which brings expression to the •It was primarily used in tomb paintings depicting scenes •Most surviving Roman panel paintings are Egyptian
experiences of the past as is a representation art. It is also of local wars, animal life and dancing and hunting scenes. mummy portraits, prepared upon the subject's death for
a form of visual art that shows the intrinsic values of man inclusion in burial. These portraits, which comprise the
through the creative and imaginative use of lines, color, NEW KINGDOM 6 only large preserved body of ancient panel painting, were
value, shape, medium, and others. •Last stage produced under the Roman Empire (of which Egypt was a
•Found in rock tombs, and is about scenes of funeral and province)
BRIEF HISTORY pilgrimages to Abydos 1. Etruscan Period (2000-1000 BC)
•Even before written record was made available, man had • subject matters of painting were on ancestors worship;
already been engaged in painting as expressions of his GREEK PAINTING 7 catacombs and sarcophagus
yearning for creativity and communication. This was •It established the classical tradition which is refinement 2. Roman Period (2000 BC- 400 AD)
evident on walls of caves during the Paleolithic 1(Stone in entasis or the correction of optical illusion •subject matters of painting were commemorative
Age) period. These paintings are crude pictures of animals •The subject matters of painting in Greece were on young statues, sarcophage; frescoes, design with vine motifs
and primitive drawings consisting of few “stick figures”. wide males,draped female, wounded soldiers, and scenes
from everyday life. EARLY CHRISTIAN ART 10
Prehistoric Art (c.30,000-2000 BC) •This is characterized by the tendency towards
-Cave painting 1. Formative or Pre- Greek Period spiritualization and by progressive abandonment of the
Example is the Hall of Bulls in Lascaux, France c15,000 BC)
•motif was sea and nature imitation of nature. The paintings are in bright and
2. First Greek Period contrasting colors.
EGYPTIAN PAINTING 3 •largely Egyptian influence •Subject matters of art were symbols: cross, fish, lamb,
•It is associated with prehistoric times and was 3. Golden Age (480-400 BC) alpha and omega, triumphal wreath, grapes, doves, and
interpreted as an expression of concepts rather than a •The work of Greek architects and artists reflected a peacocks and later-haloed Christ, saints and the Virgin
record of sensory experience. The Egyptian’s love for concern with balance, order, and beauty. Harmony and Mary, and martyrs. Spiritual expressions took precedence
beauty enabled them to create art in their everyday life. Idealism are found in the paintings, sculptures and over physical beauty and symbols were emphasized.
•Hieroglyphics 4 was their first art form which presented buildings.
images with potential magic. •Paintings were put on canvas, vases, and murals (wall BYZANTINE PAINTING 11
paintings) •This style of painting is based upon intellectual Greek
concepts rather than upon purely emotional
apprehension.
•The subject matters of painting were Christ as the •Michaelangelo 12 was the genius of the time both in IMPRESSIONIST
Creator and Mary as the Mother of God. painting and sculpture though his best work was in •Refers to painters who portrayed effects of experience
sculpture. upon the conscience of the artist.
ROMANESQUE •Leonardo da Vinci, another master of the period, whose •August Renoir, for example, showed movement in the
•This followed the traditions of the spiritual art set by the fine example in the use of “chiaroscuro” or total value is human (female) form and projecting this in time and space
earlier art. The art capitalized on the use of expensive evident in his famous painting of the “Mona Lisa” with the
colors and rhythmic composition in order to stir up elusive and enigmatic smile. EXPRESSIONIST
religious emotions. •Started in Germany around the 20th century where the
Artist Spotlight: Leonardo da Vinci artist used distortion of color and form to portray inner
GOTHIC PAINTING •Born in 1452 in Italy, Leonardo da Vinci was the sensations and turmoil.
•This painting was instructional in nature and preserved in archetypal “Renaissance Man”. Along with being an •Van Gogh was an unbalanced expressionist artist from
miniature form. A good example is “Lamentation” by outstanding artist, Leonardo was also an accomplished Holland who used strong colors in his works expressive of
Giotto Di Bodini scientist, musician, architect, sculptor, mathematician and his inner turmoil. He was the father of Expressionism
•Subject matters of painting were religious and grotesque; engineer. Because he was a gargantuan procrastinator and
more calmer and plastic style. The picture of the Madonna his techniques were sometimes destructive, only around BAROQUE PAINTING 17th to 18th century
and Child gazing into each other’s eyes in playful mood is fifteen of his paintings have survived. •Originated from the Italian word “Barucco” which is a
an example of this style. philosophical term meaning “opposing” or “contradicting.”
MANNERISM PAINTING 15 The characteristics of these style is that there is a strong
RENAISSANCE PAINTING •These are works of painters who are called Mannerists dose of realism and elongated figures.
•This started about the 14th century and is characterized because they were experimenting on the details of early •Baroque art is characterized by rich color, Christian
by the rebirth in the interest and concern for life towards artist’s style and then combined these to form new and themes, intense shadowing, and highly dramatic scenes
new discoveries particularly in the field of the arts meaningful art. This type of painting is eclectic. that are heavily foreshortened
•Due to contact with the Arab world and the rediscovery •Subject matter is on human figure with the use of oil •Famous painters included Paul Rubens, Rembrandt, El
of ancient Greek andRoman texts, the Renaissance painting and color. Colors were sumptuous, warm, and Greco, Diego Velasquez, and Murillo.
brought a change in Europe culturally. Following the sensual.
Greek's and Roman's methods before them, Renaissance •Famous painters in this period were Giotto, Leonardo Da ROCOCO PAINTING
artist's paintings were focused more on celebrating the Vinci, Raphael Sanzio and Miachaelangelo. •Came from a French word “rocaile” 14 which means
human individual, rather than entirely on religion as it had artificial art work and pierced shell work and are elaborate
duringthe Medieval era. Characteristics of Renaissance art REALIST (under mannerism) designs.
include: •Claude Monet- (1832-1833), famous for “Luncheon on •Rococo art was often used by nobles for displaying their
•- Realism and focus on humans the Grass” painting wealth.
•- Accurate Perspective •Realist is characterized as a work of art about the •The painting emphasized voluptuousness, picturesque,
•- Natural Background blending of clothed and nude figures with landscape and and intimate protection of farm and country. Rococo art
•- Light and Shadowing being able to instill life in one picture. technique made use of soft pastel colors rendering the
landscape smoking, and hazy with the subject always in •Realism began as a rejection of the imagination and
the center of the canvas. subjectivism of Romanticism, and focused more on
•Famous Rococo painters were Watteau, Fragonard, accurate observation of the ordinary world. Realist artists
Hogarth,Reynolds, and Ingres. were characterized by painting everyday people in
ordinary situations, as well as being audacious by painting
NEO-CLASSICISM explicit subject matter like prostitutes. Additionally,
•Denotes revival of classic ideals and forms in art whose Realism paintings were often en plein air, which means
theme is about heroic subjects and about sacrifice for a they were painted while outdoors
noble cause.
•Inspired by the Enlightenment,Neoclassicism grew as a NATURALISM
response to the declining Rococo movement. Neoclassical •Started by Gustave Courbet who believed that a painter
art was had a much darker subject matter than Rococo art, should paint according to what is seen in everyday life ans
and was often used in French politics under such leaders that artists should portray objects and situations that are
as Maximilian Robespierre as well as Napoleon Bonaparte. seen and experienced first-hand with emphasis on the
Additionally,Neoclassicism adopted many characteristics sordid.
of Greek and Roman Classicism, which is evident in the
poses of figures, the types of paint, and the drapery of IMPRESSIONISM
fabrics. •Is a movement that aimed to bring out the effects of
experience upon the consciousness of the artist and
ROMANTICISM audience rather than the objective quality of the subject of
•Is characteristic of art works presenting idyllic the artwork. Works of this period are concerned with the
landscapes, stylized designs, and fluid sky technique of suggesting light and color rather than the
•The Romanticism movement originated as a revolt subject matter.
against the Age of Enlightenment and the Scientific
Revolution of early modern Europe. Unlike Neoclassicism, MODERN PAINTING
Romanticist artists created paintings far more dreamy and •20th century painting and the “isms” of art (subject to
imaginary than Neoclassical artists, and were often the individual expression of the artist)
narratives. Additionally, Romanticism paintings appealed •Examples: symbolism, fauvism, cubism, expressionism,
to the emotions of trepidation and awe, through surrealism
nightmarish narratives and awe inspiring natural shots.

REALISM 1848 to 1900 AD


•Supports the doctrine that material objects exist and are
actual facts