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Virginia/Chesapeake New England

Motives: Motives:
Commercial and profit Mostly Religious

Population: Population:
Young Men, few women/families, indentured settlers came as family Unit, many more women and
servants, and later African Americans children

Economic system: Economic System:

based on farming, tobacco, plantation lifestyle Soil used for livestock, small lumber, fish, and commercial
Labor- Indentured Servants, until Bacon’s Social:
Rebellion, then slaves. Labor- No great gap between rich and poor
Religion in Chesapeake- Anglican Religion- very religious, especially for Puritans where
religion was part of every aspect of life.

Political structure: Political structures:

planter aristocracy held power, House of religious hierarchy, with General Meetings exercised
Burgess; Women had no rights- Could no power on the local level. Single women could own land.
vote/own land However, women could not vote and the women were
expected to be obedient to their husband. Once married,
land would transfer to husband.
Native Relations:
Increased population, led to settling VA Native Relations:
backcountry and conflict with natives (1 cause of Plymouth- Natives helped colonist to survive 1st winter,
Bacon’s Rebellion) but still had significant conflict with some tribes.
Puritan – increased population led to expanding territory
and thus conflict. After Puritans abandoned conversion,
they wanted to remove/exterminate Indians. EX) Pequot
War, King Phillip’s War.