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Republic of the Philippines

Department of Education
Region XI
Division of Compostela Valley
GABI NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
“The Learning Park of ComVal”
Gabi, Compostela, Compostela Valley

Name: _______________________________________Grade Level/Section:________________Date:___________


Name of Teacher:_________________________________Subject:_______________Quarter:______ Score:__________

FIRST QUARTER EXAMINATION IN EARTH AND LIFE SCIENCE

I. MULTIPLE CHOICE
Direction: Write the letter of the correct answer on the space provided.
____1.) What do you call the various solid formations which are considered the building blocks of making rocks?
a. Calcite b. Minerals c. Vitamins d. Aragonite
____2.) When magma or lava that is so hot cool and harden, it forms ___________.
a. Sedimentary rock b. Metamorphic rock c. Igneous rock d. Fold
____3.) It is a process of determining an age on a specified time scale in archaeology and geology.
a. Absolute Dating b. Relative Dating c. Principle of Superposition d. Principle of Lateral Continuity
____4.) What do you call the theory used to use the dynamics of the Earth’s surface resulting from the interaction of
the overlying rigid plates with the underlying mantle?
a. Continental Plate b. Plate Tectonics c. Relative Dating d. Oceanic Plate
____5.) When rocks are weathered, it produce fragments of materials that are easily eroded and settle down to various
sedimentary environment. These sediments become hard and cemented and later, it form _________________.
a. Sedimentary rock b. Metamorphic rock c. Igneous rock d. Fold
____6.) What do you call the study of layered rocks, their arrangement and history?
a. Weathering b. Geography c. Histography d. Stratigraphy
____7.) These are rocks that are formed from magma underground. What do you call these rocks?
a. Sedimentary rock b. Metamorphic rock c. Intrusive Igneous rock d. Extrusive Igneous rock
____8.) When sediments are laid down on Earth’s surface, they form horizontal or nearly horizontal layers. What do you
call this principle? a. Principle of Original Horizontality b. Principle of Faunal Succession
c. Principle of Superposition d. Principle of Lateral Continuity
____9.) These are rocks that are formed when exposed to extreme pressure.
b. Sedimentary rock b. Metamorphic rock c. Intrusive Igneous rock d. Extrusive Igneous rock
___10.) What do you call the physical property of minerals which measures how much water a mineral displaces?
a. Hardness b. Crystal structure c. Specific Gravity d. Shape
___11.) It is like a melted plastic and is 1,800 miles thick which is the thickest among the Earth’s layer. What is it?
a. outer core b. inner core c. crust d. mantle
___12.) What do you call the last layer of the Earth?
a. outer core b. inner core c. crust d. mantle
___13.) It happens when two continental plates collide which also results to the formation of mountain ranges.
a. Two Continental Plates b. Lateral Slipping Plates c. Two Oceanic Plates d. Divergent Plates
___14.) It is the thinnest and outermost layer which is inhabited by almost all forms of life including human. What is it?
a. outer core b. inner core c. crust d. mantle
___15.) When two plates move sideways against each other, there is a tremendous amount of friction which makes the
movement jerky. What do you call this movement?
a. Divergent Plate Movement b. Convergent Plate Movement
c. Lateral Slipping Plate Movement d. Oceanic Movement
II. MODIFIED TRUE OR FALSE
Direction: Write TRUE if the statement is correct and if it’s wrong, change the underlined word/s to make
the statement correct. Write your answer on the line provided.
______________16.) Big Bag Theory states that the universe originated from an enormous explosion.
______________17.) The central idea of Nebular Hypothesis is that the Earth, planets and sun originated from
Nebula, or a spinning cloud of dust which collapsed on its gravity.
______________18.) SETI, which was founded by Frank Drake, stands for Search for Extratropical Intelligence.
_______________19.) Copernican model which is the opposite of Ptolemaic system was proposed by Sir Isaac Newton.
______________20.) According to Johannes Kepler, the orbits of the planets are not in circles but in ellipses.
_______________21.) Planetesimal Hypothesis explains why the planets revolved around the sun in the same direction
and why the inner planets are denser than the gaseous planets.
______________22.) Eratosthenes is a Greek astronomer who used the sun to measure the size of the Earth.
_______________23.) Gas Dust Cloud Hypothesis states that the universe is composed of dust and gas. This very
large amount of dust and gas began to condense and spin. The center became the sun while the
outer parts became the planets.
_______________24.) Albert Einstein improvised the optical telescope leading to the discovery of Jupiter’s four primary
moons and rings of Saturn.
_______________25.) Galileo Galilee is considered the greatest mind of human history who proposed that the speed of
light in a vacuum is constant and that the Laws of Physics are the same throughout the universe.
III. FILL IN THE BLANKS
Direction: Choose the correct answers for the following questions from the words inside the box.
LITHOSPHERE CLAUDIUS PTOLEMY CENOZOIC WILLIAM HARTMANN BIOSPHERE
ALBERT EINSTEIN ERATOSTHENES HYDROSPHERE SIR ISAAC NEWTON FRANK DRAKE
PALEOZOIC GALILEO GALILEE JOHANNES KEPLER STEPHEN HAWKING ATMOSPHERE
PRE-CAMBRIAN MESOZOIC HARLOW SHAPLEY NICOLAUS COPERNICUS EXOSPHERE

26.) On this era, the mammals including humans were present on Earth. _______________________
27.) Fish and animals with bones roamed the Earth on this era. ______________________________
28.) Period of Cretaceous, Triassic, Jurassic and dinosaurs. __________________________________
29.) On this era, the reptiles and amphibians ruled the Earth. ________________________________
30.) Dominant animals present were the soft-bodied creatures. ______________________________
31.) It is the layer which protects the Earth’s living organisms from the solar flares and gives a beautiful sight named Aurora Borealis
and Aurora Australis. _______________________
32.) It is where the planktons, bacteria, fungi, plants, and animals are found and are growing. ______________________
33.) It is where the Exosphere, Thermosphere, Mesosphere, Stratosphere and Troposphere are found. _______________
34.) It is where the crust and mantle are located and where many of the lands are found. ________________________
35.) It includes all the water in land, oceans and atmosphere. This includes the seas, the icebergs, the ice at the North Pole and the
clouds that will later fall as rain. _______________________
36.) It is the phase on the Earth’s surface where life thrives. Most of the living organisms are found here from the simplest forms to the
complex ones. _______________________
37.) It is where the airplanes fly where clouds, typhoons, and other weather disturbances occur. ____________________
38.) An English astronomer who gave us the three laws of motion and studied on the gravitational pull of the Earth and the gravity of
other heavenly bodies. He gave us the Law of Gravity. ________________________
39.) The Greek astronomer who proposed that the center of the Solar System is the Earth. All other heavenly bodies are revolving
around it. ________________________
40.) A German physicist who is considered as the greatest mind in the human history. He said that the speed of light in a vacuum is
constant. ________________________
41.) He proposed that the universe has a beginning and an end and it has no limits or boundaries. __________________
42.) His work was on the extraterrestrial intelligence and founded SETI known as Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence. Using his
equation, he gave an estimate of the extraterrestrial civilizations in the Milky Way galaxy. __________________
43.) He was an American astronomer who proposed the widely accepted theory that the moon was debris from the Earth.
________________________
44.) An Italian astronomer and mathematician who defended the idea of Copernicus and Kepler about the Heliocentric theory of the
Solar System. He improvised the Optical telescope leading to the discovery of Jupiter’s four primary moons and rings of Saturn.
________________________
45.) A Danish astronomer who made calculations of the planets and proposed that the Earth revolves around the sun in elliptical
motion in circular. ________________________
46.) A Greek mathematician, astronomer and geographer who measures the size of the Earth through Mathematics and stated that the
Earth is 39,690 kilometers in diameter. ________________________
47.) A Polish astronomer who proposed the Copernican Model or Heliocentric model of the Solar System. _____________

IV. UNSCRAMBLING LETTERS


Direction: Arrange the letters to get the correct answer. Use the clue/s given in each number.

48.) S M A S SIWTAGN Answer: _______________________


Clue: This happens when soil, sand and rock move downslope typically as a mass, due to force of gravity or due to flow of water and
water content as in submarine environments and mudslides.
49.) N H W A R I T E G E Answer: _______________________
Clue: It is a process of breaking up of rocks by such agents as water, ice, chemicals, growing plants and changing temperature.
50.) E N D I T O M A T E S I N Answer: _______________________
Clue: It is the tendency for particles in suspension to settle out of the fluid in which they come to rest against a barrier.
51.) S I N E O R O Answer: _______________________
Clue: It is a process where rocks are weathered into smaller fragments and sediments are easily moved from one place into another.
52.) O E N G I X E C OSCEPSRES Answer: _______________________
Clue: These are processes that come from forces on or above the Earth’s surface.
53.) I C N A T I N E L Answer: _______________________
Clue: It is formed when there is a convex up fold in rock that is similar to an arch-like structure with the rock bends dipping away from
the center of the structure.
54.) E N I L N C Y S Answer: _______________________
Clue: It is formed when rock layers are warped downward as a result of compressional forces.
55.) C O N N I L O M E Answer: _______________________
Clue: It is formed when there is a slight bend in otherwise parallel layers of rock.

V. ESSAY
Cite one of the catastrophes that you have experienced for the last 10 years. Give at least 2 or 3 causes and effects
of the disaster that you identified. Also, write some ways on how to reduce the risk of that kind of calamity. (5 points)

God bless and good luck! -Ma’am Jean 